Слова на букву (mus-amph (732) Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
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adaptive radiation
Evolutionary diversification of members of a single phyletic line into a series of different niches or adaptive zones.
adj. [L. ad, near; axis, axle] 1. Situated on the side of, or facing toward an axis. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) Inward toward the shell axis.
adj. [L. ad, near; caulis, stalk] (CNIDARIA: Hydrozoa) Pertaining to polyps that bend towards, or are near to the common stem.
n.; pl. -da [L. addere, to add] Something to be added; an addition, extension or supplement.
additive variance
Gradation due to the average value of different genes.
adj. [L. ad, near; dorsum, back] Near to, but not on the middle of the dorsum.
addorsal line
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A longitudinal line between the dorsal and subdorsal line of caterpillars.
v.t. [L. ad, near; ducere, to lead] To draw towards a median axis or plane, or one part toward another; see abduct.
n. [L. ad, near; ducere, to lead] 1. Drawn toward or beyond the median line or axis; see abduction. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In describing the movement of the legs, the ...
n. [L. ad, near; ducere, to lead] A muscle that draws parts together or toward the median axis; see adductor.
adductor mandibulae
(ARTHROPODA) The muscle that retracts or closes the mandible.
adductor muscle
1. Any muscle that adducts or bring parts into apposition. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In bivalves, muscles attached to the carapace that pull it to the body, or connect the ...
adductor muscle scar
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Ostracoda, an impression of the adductor muscles on the valve interior, serving for closure of valves.
adductor pit
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) Depression on the inner surface of the scutum between the adductor ridge and the occludent margin for the attachment of the adductor muscle of ...
adductor ridge
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In sessile barnacles, the linear elevation on the inner surface bounding the adductor pit on the tergal side.
adj. [Gr. a, without; dektikos, able to bite] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to pupae without articulated mandibles; see decticous.
adj. [Gr. adelos, concealed; keras, horn] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Having antennae concealed in a cavity or groove.
См. adelaceratous.
adj. [Gr. adelos, concealed; kodon, a bell] (CNIDARIA: Scyphozoa) Refers to degenerate attached medusae lacking an umbrella (bell).
См. adelomorphous.
adj. [Gr. adelos, concealed; morphe, form] Indefinite or obscure in form.
n. [Gr. adelos, concealed; onymos, name] State of an organ that makes it impossible to receive a distinct nomenclatorial designation; adelonymous adj..
n. [Gr. adelphos, brother; gamos, marriage] Mating of siblings; see back-cross.
n. [Gr. adelphos, brother; para, beside; sitos, food] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A heteronomous hyperparasitoid.
adj. [Gr. a, without; dendron, tree] Having no dendrites or branches.
См. adendric.
adj. [Gr. aden, gland; L. forma, shape] Glandlike; resembling the shape of a gland.
n. [Gr. aden, gland] A 6-amino-purine base, closely related to uric acid, that derived its name from the original source from which it was derived.
n. [Gr. aden, gland; blastos, bud] An embryonic glandular cell.
see adenodactyl.
n.; pl. -tyli, -yls [Gr. aden, gland; daktylos, finger] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Turbellaria) Prostatoid male apparatus occurring in the wall of the common antrum in some ...
См. adenophorean.
n. [Gr. aden, gland; phora, producing] A class of unsegmented worms in the phylum Nemata; formerly Aphasmidia.
adj. [Gr. aden, gland] Glandular.
n. [Gr. aden, gland] A nucleoside whose phosphates provide the primary energy transfer system in living materials.
adenosine diphosphate
Formed in biokinetic systems from decomposition of ATP.
adenosine monophosphate
A compound of importance in the release of energy for cellular activity, composed of adenine, d-ribose and phosphoric acid; also called AMP, adenylic acid, adenine ribotide. ...
adenosine triphosphate
A major energy contributor in biokinetic systems that upon hydrolysis yields adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
n. [Gr. aden, gland; taxis, arrangement] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, the number and distribution of the openings of the tegumentary glands of mites.
adenotrophic viviparity
Reproduction characterized by fully developed, shelled eggs passing to and retained in the uterus, where the egg hatches and the larva is nourished by special maternal glands ...
adj. [L. Adeona, Roman goddess; forma, shape] (BRYOZOA: Gymnolaemata) Pertaining to a lobate, bilamellar colony; resembling the fossil Adeona.
n. [Gr. a, without; derma, skin] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Transparent cuticle in pupa allowing the wings and other parts of the forming imago to be seen.
adj. [Gr. a, without; desmos, ligament] Pertaining to a segment of an appendage, or to the articulation between segments of an appendage, lacking its own tendons and muscles; ...
adj. [Gr. adetos, free; pnein, to breathe] (ECHINODERMATA) Dermal gills occurring beyond the abactinal surface.
adfrontal areas
См. adfrontal plates.
adfrontal plates
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A pair of narrow oblique plates on the head of Lepidoptera larvae, extending upwards from the base of the antennae and meeting medially above.
adfrontal setae
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Setae borne on the adfrontal areas of immature insects, usually numbered according to their proximity to the vertex.
adfrontal sutures
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In immature insects, sutures separating the adfrontal sclerites or areas from the epicranium.
adj. [L. ad, near; haerere, to stick] Referring to being attached, clinging or sticking fast.
n. [L. ad, near; haerere, to stick] 1. Act or state of adhering. 2. Attraction between two molecules of different substances.
adhesion organs
1. Any of numerous invertebrate organs used for adhesion to various surfaces. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Abdominal suckers, tarsal suckers and ventral tube. 3. (NEMATA) ...
adhesion tubes
(NEMATA) Specialized hollow, tubelike structures, that may be supplied with muscles, associated with glands presumed to secrete a sticky substance; sometimes referred to as ...
adhesive bristles
see adhesion tubes.
adhesive capsule
(CNIDARIA) A type of nematocyst used for attaching to objects.
adhesive cells
Various glandular or specialized cells capable of causing adhesion in cnidarians and tubellarians; sometimes referred to as colloblasts, glue cells, or lasso cells.
adhesive gland
Various invertebrate glands that secrete a sticky substance.
adhesive pad
(CNIDARIA: Hydrozoa) In some medusae, an adhesive sucker near tip of the tentacles utilized for clinging to sea weed.
adhesive papillae
(PLATYHELMINTHES: Turbellaria) In triclads, the protuberant structures for the purpose of attachment at the ends of the marginal adhesive glands.
adj. [Gr. a, without; dia, through; bainein, to go] Without gaining or losing heat.
См. adiaphanus.
adj. [Gr. a, without; diaphanes, transparent] Impervious to light; opaque.
adj. [L. adire, to approach] Turning toward or approaching a source of stimulation; see abient.
n. pl. [L. adeps, fat; Gr. kytos, container] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Cells that form the fat-bodies of insects; adipohemocytes; trophocytes.
n. [L. adeps, fat; Gr. gennaein, to produce] The formation of fat or fatty tissue.
n. pl. [L. adeps, fat; Gr. haima, blood; kytos, container] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Hemocytes characterized by refringent fat droplets and other inclusions; spheroidocytes; see ...
n. pl. [L. adeps, fat; Gr. leukos, white; kytos, container] 1. Leucocyte blood cells with fat inclusions. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hemiptera, large cells containing fat ...
adj. [L. adeps, fat] Pertaining to fat.
adipose tissue
see fat body.
n. [Gr. a, without; diskos, circular plate] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Adult development without forming imaginal discs; see discota.
n.; pl. aditus, adituses [L. aditus, entrance] Anatomical passage or opening to a part or structure.
n. [L. ad, near; justus, just] 1. Any central nervous organ of an animal that links receptors with effectors. 2. (BRACHIOPODA) The muscle linking stalk and valve.
adjustor neuron
A neuron that is neither sensory nor motor, but which correlates the activities of both.
См. admedian.
adj. [L. ad, near; medial, middle] 1. Near the median plane. 2. (MOLLUSCA) The lateral teeth of a radula between central and marginal.
n.; pl. -ula [L. adminiculum, support] 1. A support or prop. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) a. Minute hairs, spines or teeth on the dorsal abdominal surface of certain pupae that ...
adj. [L. ad, near; natus, born] Pertaining to being united or fused to another organ or structure, normally of unlike parts.
adj. [L. ad, near; Gr. neuron, nerve] 1. Adjacent to a nerve. 2. (POGONOPHORA) Term used instead of dorsal; see antineural, subneural.
adj. [L. ad, near; Gr. notos, back] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Lepidoptera, having fused median and postmedian notal processes; median notal process.
n.; pl. -iae [L. adolescens, young; Gr. kerkos, tail] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Trematoda) Cercaria or metacercaria stage; see marita, parthenita.
adoption society
A group of one or more organisms living together, free to dissociate, and to neither does the continued association bring any apparent advantage.
adoption subs
tance (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Any secretion put forth by a social parasite that induces the potential host to accept it as a member of their colony.
adj. [L. ad, near; os, mouth] Near or toward the mouth.
adenosine diphosphate Formed in biokinetic systems from decomposition of ATP.
see adenosine triphosphate.
adj. [L. ad, near; pressus, pressed] 1. Refers to being pressed close to or laying flat against. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) Condition of whorls that overlap in such a manner ...
n. [L. ad, near; radius, ray] (CNIDARIA) The midradius between perradius and interradius; a radius of the third order.
adj. [L. ad, near; rectus, straight] Associated with the rectum; see adanal.
adj. [L. ad, near; rostrum, snout] Adjacent to or connected with a beak or rostrum.
n. [L. ad, near; sorbere, to suck in] Adhesion of dissolved substances, liquids or gases, to the surfaces of solid bodies with which they come into contact.
См. adspersus.
adj. [L. adspursus, a sprinkling] Having closely spaced small spots.
adj. [L. ad, near; Gr. sternon, chest] Being situated adjacent to the sternum.
adj. [L. ad, near; A.S. tid, time] Referring to organisms living in the littoral zone just below the low tide mark.
n. [L. adultus, grown up] 1. A fully grown, sexually mature individual. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The imago. 3. (NEMATA) That stage following the 4th (juvenile) and final ...
adult transport
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The conveying of an adult social insect by carrying or dragging during colony emigrations; frequent behavior among ants.
n. [L. adultus, grown up] The appearance of adult ancestral characters in the larvae of descendants.
adj. [L. adultus, grown up; Gr. eidos, shape] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A nymph having imaginal characters more developed than in the normal nymphs.
adultoid reproductive
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In higher termites, a replacement reproductive following the disappearance of the primary reproductive, that is an imaginal already present, or a ...
См. aduncous.
adj. [L. ad, near; uncus, hooked] Inwardly curved; hooked; hamate.
adj. [L. ad, near; urere, to burn] Burnt; scorched; dried up.
see afferent.
n. [L. adventitius, extraordinary] The connective tissue covering of an organ (mainly fibroelastic in nature), such as the heart, or blood vessels.
adj. [L. adventitius, extraordinary] Acquired; accidental; additional; occurring in abnormal places; ectopic foci.
adventitious bud
(BRYOZOA: Phylactolaemata) The small bud primordium on the dorsal side of the main bud near the parental polypide.
adventitious vein
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A secondary wing vein, neither accessory nor intercalary, usually the result of cross veins lined up to form a continuous vein.
adj. [L. advenire, to arrive] Referring to an organism that has been accidentally introduced to a new area; not native.
adventral line
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A line that extends along the underside of caterpillars between the middle and the base of the legs.
adventral tub
ercle (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In caterpillars, a small pimple, sometimes bearing setae, located on each of the abdominal segments on the inner base of the leg and apodal segment.
n. [L. ad, near; voluta, spiral] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) A condition of whorls that barely touch one another, not distinctly overlapping.
См. aedoeagus.
См. aedoeagus.
n.; pl. -agi [Gr. aidoia, genitals; agein, to lead] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In males, the intromittent organ; distal part of the phallus: penis plus parameres; see penis, ...
see aedeagus.
n. [Gr. aidoia, genitals; typos, type] The first specimen in which the genitalia are studied.
См. aeneus.
adj. [L. aeneus, of bronze] Bright brassy or golden green in color.
v.t. [Gr. aer, air] To combine or charge with air; to supply or impregnate with common air.
n. [Gr. aer, air] 1. Exposure to air. 2. Impregnation of a liquid with air or oxygen. 3. Oxygenation of blood in lungs.
adj. [Gr. aer, air] Living or occurring in air.
См. aeriductus.
n. [L. aer, air; ducere, to lead] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Tubes concerned with respiration, such as internal trachea or breathing tubes.
adj. [Gr. aer, air; L. forma, shape] Of the nature or form of air; gaseous.
См. aerobiont.
aerobic respiration
That which requires oxygen.
n. [Gr. aer, air; bios, life; logos, discourse] The study of aerial organisms.
n. [Gr. aer, air; bios, life] An organism utilizing air; aerobiotic adj.; see anaerobe.
n. [Gr. aer, air; biosis, manner of life] Life in air or oxygen.
n. [Gr. aer, air; phorein, to bear] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In caterpillars, a hollow hair on the body containing liquid.
n. [Gr. aer, air; pyle, orifice] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) 1. Rings of cells. 2. In the follicular epithelium, functioning in secretions for chorion formation. 3. Small ...
См. aeroscepsy.
n. [Gr. aer, air; skepsis, observe] The theoretical power possessed by certain organisms of observing the quality of air by means of special sense organs.
aeroscopic plate
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The air-containing part of the chorion of an egg.
n. [Gr. aer, air; statos, placed] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Air sacs in the body.
adj. [Gr. aer, air; statos, placed] Said of any organism or object that is, by certain means, supported chiefly by buoyancy derived from surrounding air.
n. [Gr. aer, air; taxis, arrangement] Movement of organisms toward or away from oxygen.
См. aeruginus.
См. aeruginus.
adj. [L. aerugo, copper rust] Nature or color of copper rust or verdigris (green).
См. esthacyte.
См. esthesia.
См. esthestasc.
См. esthestasc.
См. esthete.
См. estivate.
См. estivation.
see etiology.
n. [L. ad, near; ferre, to bear] Impulses from the external sense organs of an animal because of events in the environment; see reafference.
adj. [L. afferre, to bring] Refers to a structure or vessel that leads to or toward a given position; see efferent.
afferent channel
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) The opening through which water passes to the gills.
afferent fiber
A nerve fiber carrying impulses from a receptor to the central nervous system.
afferent nerve
A nerve that conducts impulses from the periphery toward a nerve center; the axon of a sensory neuron between a receptor and the central nervous system.
afferent neuron
См. afferent neurone.
afferent neurone
A sensory neuron that conveys inward impulses received or perceived by a sense organ from external sources.
n.; pl. -ties [L. affinis, related to] Relationship; sometimes misleadingly employed as synonym for phenetic similarity.
adj. [Gr. a, without; L. flagellum, whip] Without flagella.
1. The continuing discharge of impulses after stimulation has ceased in sensory receptors. 2. The continuation of the motor response (reflexes) after discontinuance of ...
Continuation of nerve impulses after cessation of external stimulation of sensory apparatus.
adj. [A.S. aefter, behind; bodig, body] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Coleoptera, the body area behind the pronotum.
adj. [A.S. aefter, behind; nosu, nose] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to the triangular area below the antennae and above the clypeus.
n. [Gr. a, without; gamos, marriage; on, being] A species reproducing exclusively by apomixis; see apomictic parthenogenesis, ameiotic parthenogenesis.
n. [Gr. a, without; gamos, marriage] Any product of reproductive multiple fission that develops directly into the adult form without sexual union.
adj. [Gr. a, without; gamos, marriage] Parthenogenetic; reproduction without mating, may be either mitotic or meiotic.
n. [Gr. a, without; gamos, marriage; bios, life] The asexual form in alternation of generations; see gamobium.
n. [Gr. a, without; gamos, marriage; demos, people] A population mainly consisting of asexual organisms.
n. [Gr. a, without; gamos, marriage; genesis, beginning] Asexual reproduction; parthenogenesis; reproduction without fertilization by a male gamete; agamogenetic a; see ...
n. [Gr. a, without; gamos, marriage; L. spe32 cies, kind] A species without sexual reproduction; an asexual species.
see agamic.
n. [Malay agar-agar, substance from seaweed] A nonnitrogenous, gelatinous hydrophilic substance obtained from certain seaweeds used in the preparation of culture media in ...
adj. [Gr. a, without; gaster, stomach] Lacking a digestive tract or cavity.
n. [L. aevum, lifetime] 1. The period of time any living individual has existed. 2. A particular period of life or development.
age and area theory
The older a species, the more extensive its area of distribution.
age polyethism
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In social insects, the regular changing of labor specialization as they grow older; see polyethism.
n. [Gr. a, without; genesis, beginning] 1. Lacking development; see aplasia. 2. Inability to produce offspring; see agennesis.
См. agenesia.
n. [Gr. a, without; gennesis, an engendering] Impotent; sterile; agennetic adj..
adj. [L. ad, to; genitalis, genitalia] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, pertaining to that area on both sides of the genital region.
n. [L. ad, to; glomerare, to form into a ball] To group or gather into a mass or cluster; clustered densely; piled or heaped together.
v. [L. ad, to; glutinare, to glue] To join by adhesion; to unite as with glue; to collect in masses.
adj. [L. ad, to; glutinare, to glue] 1. Sticking together. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Used by entomologists to describe a larva with an unusually heavy chitinous covering; see ...
n. [L. ad, to; glutinare, to glue] A substance or specific antibody causing clumping of cells.
adj. [L. ad, to; gregare, to collect] Clustering or crowding together to form a dense mass.
n. [L. ad, to; gregare, to collect] 1. Collection or grouping into a mass or sum. 2. A group of individuals comprised of more than a mated pair or family, collecting in the ...
n. [L. aggressus, attacked] A substance produced in the body of a host by a pathogenic organism that paralyzes the defense mechanisms of the host.
n. [L. aggressus, attacked] The behavior of an organism involving threats or attack of another organism or object.
aggressive mimicry
A method of mimicry of one species by another that is hostile to it.
adj. [Gr. a, without; gigerium, gizzard] Gizzardless; without a gizzard.
see Bivalvia.
n. [Gr. a, without; glossa, tongue] Lacking a tongue.
adj. [L. agminis, crowd] Grouped together; aggregated; see cluster.
adj. [Gr. a, without; gnathos, jaw] Lacking a jaw.
agnotobiotic culture
Any population with one or more kinds of organisms present; see gnotobiotic culture.
n. [Gr. agonistes, contestant] A primary muscle responsible for the movement of a part or appendage.
adj. [Gr. agonistes, contestant] Behavior signaling aggressive attitude.
n. [Gr. agrios, wild; typos, type] Ancestral type.
adj. [Gr. agrios, wild; typos, type; L. forma, shape] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hymenoptera, referring to the peculiar form of larval Agriotypidae, with the first instar ...
a; see hermatype corals.
ahermatype corals
(CNIDARIA) Non-reef building species of corals.
n. [F. dim. aile, wing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A large scale or structure in front of the base of the fore wing; sometimes used as synonymous with alula.
air chamber
(MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) The gas-filled cavity of a nautilus shell that was previously occupied by that organism.
air sacs
1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pouch-like enlargements of tracheal tubes in winged forms, usually lacking taenidia, capable of inflation and thought to function as an aid in flight ...
air stores
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The covering of bubbles of air carried by hydrofuge structures of certain aquatic forms.
air tube
A respiratory tube or siphon.
adj. [Gr. aitios, causing; gennaein, to produce] Referring to the resultant reaction from stimulation.
see acanth.
См. acaryote.
n. [Gr. a, without; kinesis, motion] Loss or disturbance of motion, as in certain insects, resulting from loss of antennae.
См. akinesia.
n.; pl. alae [L. ala, a wing] Any wing-like process or structure; a thin, cuticular projection or fin, running longitudinally, usually lateral or sublateral, frequently ...
adj. [Gr. alabastros, alabaster box] Pertaining to, or like alabaster; smooth and white.
n. [L. ala, a wing; cardo, hinge] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The distal sclerite of the cardo.
n. [L. ala, a wing; Gr. kerkos, tail] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The caudal filament; the middle cercus when three are present.
n. [L. ala, a wing; coxa, hip; sutura, seam] (ARTHROPODA) The suture that appears to divide the coxa into an anterior and posterior part; found on only one side of the ...
adj. [L. alacer, lively] Brisk; active; lively.
n.; pl. -ae [L. ala, a wing; crista, ridge] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Coleoptera, a ridge on each side of the anterior scutal area that converges posteromesally.
pl. of ala.
n. [L. ala, a wing; Gr. glossa, tongue] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Glossae fused into a single plate.
adj. [L. alaris, of the wing] Pertaining to a wing, or wingshaped.
alar area
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain coleopteran scarabaeoid larvae, an integral area immediately above the epipleural area, separated in the thorax by an oblique suture.
alar frenum
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) 1. In Diptera, a ligament dividing the supra-alar cavity into anterior and posterior areas. 2. In Hymenoptera, a ligament crossing the supra-alar ...
alar squama
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, one of three membranous lobes in the region of the wing base that represents the jugum; see alula, thoracic squama.
n. [L. alaris, of the wing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The notal wing processes.
n. [L. ala, wing; rima, cleft] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The opening between the two paraglossae.
alarm pheromone
A chemical released into the environment inducing a fright response in other members of the same species.
adj. [L. alaris, of the wing] Wing-like; aliform.
alary muscles
see aliform muscles.
alary polymorphism
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Two or more shapes of wings in the same species, not necessarily correlated to sex.
n. [Gr. allassein, to alter; stasis, standing] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) An orthostasic stage in the life cycle involving secondary changes in number and/or shape of stases ...
n. [L. ala, wing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Winged forms of Aphidae.
adj. [L. ala, wing] Possessing lateral wing-like expansions.
adj. [L. ala, wing] 1. Winged, or wing-like expansions, auricles or alae. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) Commonly refers to outer lip.
see occiput.
n. [L. albus, white] The congenital deficiency of pigmentation, and particularly of melanin; see melanism.
adj. [L. albus, white] Affected with albinism; tending toward whiteness of normally dark forms.
n. [L. albumen, white of an egg] Egg white, containing several proteins, but consisting principally of albumin.
albumen gland
(MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) A gland that produces the perivitelline fluid that connects to a hermaphroditic gland.
n. [L. albumen, white of an egg] One of a group of proteins present in blood serum, muscle, and other tissue.
adj. [L. albumen, white of an egg; Gr. eidos, form] Like or of the character of albumin, including collagen and keratin.
albuminoid spheres
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Eosinophilic bodies that are liberated into the blood during molting and metamorphosis, formed by extruded chromatin granules of fat cells.
adj. [L. alea, chance] Pertaining to organs that are existing or lacking, depending on chance; see vertition.
n. [Gr. aletes, wanderer; kytos, container] A wandering cell; a phagocyte.
aleuritic acid
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) One of the organic acids contained in lac that is produced by certain scale insects.
adj. [L. alga, seaweed; colere, to inhabit] Pertaining to an organism living on or around seaweed.
adj. [L. alga, seaweed; Gr. phagein, to eat] Referring to any algae eating organism.
n.; pl. -colae [L. alienus, foreign; colere, to dwell] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In aphids, the parthenogenetic, viviparous female that mostly develops on the secondary host; ...
n. [L. ala, wing; ferre, to bear] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The pleural fulcrum of the wing.
n.; pl. aliferae [L. ala, wing; ferre, to bear] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The projections of the pleuron, against which the pteralia of a wing articulates.
adj. [L. ala, wing; ferre, to bear] Bearing or possessing wings.
adj. [L. ala, wing; forma, shape] Shaped like or resembling a wing; alary.
aliform apophyses
(BRACHIOPODA) Incurved anterior and posterior extremities of the growth line.
aliform muscles
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Muscles closely associated with the heart, usually fan-shaped; sometimes also associated with the abdominal as well as the thoracic muscles.
n. [Gr. halimos, pert. the sea] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) The last larval stage of a mantis shrimp of the family Squillidae; a megalopa stage larva.
adj. [L. alimentum, food] Pertaining to food or nutrition.
alimentary canal
См. alimentary tract.
alimentary castration
Pertaining to an individual deprived of sufficient nourishment in the larval form leading to suppression of gonadal development; see nutricial castration.
alimentary tract
The food tube traversing the body from mouth to anus; generally divided into three main regions: the ectodermal foregut or stomodeum, the endodermal midgut or mesenteron ...
n. [L. ala, wing; Gr. noton, back] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The notal plate of the mesothorax or metathorax of winged forms.
adj. [Gr. aleiphos, fat] Refers to compounds having an open-chain structure, and those cyclic compounds that resemble the open-chain structure.
adj. [L. alius, other; quantus, how great] In mathematics, dividing a smaller number into a larger number with a remainder; in biology, taking equal quantities of a solution ...
adj. [L. alius, other; quantus, how great] In mathematics, dividing a smaller number into a larger number evenly; hence, in biology, dividing a population of organisms evenly ...
n. [L. ala, wing; truncus, trunk] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Thorax to which the wings are attached, including the first abdominal segment in certain Hymenoptera; mesosoma.
alivincular hinge
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A somewhat flattened cord from one bivalve umbo to another, having the long axis transverse to the planes of the margins and the axis of motion.
См. alizarine.
n. [F. alizari, the juice] A transparent orange- red stain or dye.

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