Слова на букву phen-prop (732) Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
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Слова на букву phen-prop (732)

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n. [L. prae, before; forma, shape] The archaic theory that the egg (or sperm or zygote) contains a preformed adult in minature, and only nourishment is required during ...
see postclypeus.
n. [L. prae, before; gula, throat] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In larval Coleoptera, the anterior section of the gular plate, in front of a median gular suture in ...
n. pl. [L. prae, before; Gr. halter, weight] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, the squamae.
adj. [L. prehendere, to seize] Adapted for grasping or holding; formed to coil around or cling.
prehensile spines
see grasping spines.
n. [L. prae, before; imago, image] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The last phase of pupal stage when the adult structures are seen within the pupal covering; preimaginal adj..
n. [L. prae, before; Gr. ischion, hip] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) When present, the segment of the endopod between the protopod and the ischium.
n. [L. prae, before; larva, mask] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari with a four stage development, the first postembryonic stage usually occurring in the egg, but may be a ...
prelateral lobe
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Stomatopoda, the proximal lateromarginal lobe of the telson.
premandibular suture
1. (ARTHROPODA: Chilopoda) A suture that rises posterior to the eyes, and extends transversely across the head. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Known as the epicranial suture.
premental gutter
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, the median dorsal longitudinal groove of the prementum (theca) that houses the fascicle (stylets); labial gutter; labial lumen.
premental setae
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In odonatan nymphs, setae on the prementum which are of taxonomic importance.
n. [L. prae, before; mentum, chin] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The distal part of a labium in which all the labial muscles have their insertion.
adj. [L. prae, before; modere, to gnaw] Terminating abruptly, as if bitten or broken off; having blunt or jagged termination.
n. [L. prae, before; nympha, bride] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, a nonfeeding, quiescent stage in the life cycle of Trombiculidae.
preocellar band
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Odonata, a darkly pigmented stripe in front of the ocelli.
preoral cavity
1. The mouth cavity. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, the space between the lips anterior to the oral commissures.
preoral sting
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Branchiura, a retractile piercing structure with a basal poison gland, between the maxillulae (suction discs).
prepatent period
The biological incubation period.
prepectal carina
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain Hymenoptera, an area near the front of the mesothorax, traversing the mesosternum near the front, and continuing upward on each side of the ...
n. [L. prae, before; pectus, chest] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The differentiated anterior portion of the mesepisternum, often forming a conspicuous plate on the lateral thorax ...
n. [L. prae, before; Gr. phragma, fence] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, a phragma at the anterior margin of the mesonotum, often small or vestigial; see phragma, ...
n. [L. prae, before; Gr. posthe, penis] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) see preputium. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) In certain Pulmonata, an extension of the distal end of the ...
n.; pl. -ae [L. prae, before; pupa, puppet] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Quiescent last larval instar before ecdysis to a pupa; not ordinarily representing a distinct ...
adj. [L. prae, before; Gr. posthe, penis] Of or pertaining to the prepuce.
preputial sac
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An eversible sac(s) on the penis bearing a small toothed plate that grips the wall of the female vagina during copulation; vesica; genital sac.
n. [L. prae, before; Gr. posthe, penis] The external covering of the penis.
n. [L. prae, before; Gr. pyge, rump] (ANNELIDA: Polychaeta) An area of segment addition anterior to the pygidium.
n. [L. prae, before; rectus, straight] An identifiable section of the alimentary canal between the mesenteron proper and the rectum; prerectal adj..
n. [L. prae, before; reducere, lead back] The reduction to haploid of the chromosome number in the 1st meiotic division.
n. [L. prae, before; sepes, fence] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In larvae of the ant tribe Camponotini, the shallow depression on the venter of some anterior abdominal somites; ...
prescutal ridge
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The internal strengthening ridge formed by the prescutal sulcus.
prescutal sulcus
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A transverse sulcus dividing the notum into an anterior prescutum and a scutum.
prescutellar area
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, the median posterior area of the scutum, situated between the acrostichal area and the scutellum; prescutellar space.
prescutellar bristles
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, seta occurring in several rows on the anterior and/or lateral margins of the prescutellar area.
prescutellar seta
См. prescutellar bristles.
n. [L. prae, before; scutum, shield] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The sclerite nearest the head when, on the rare occasion, the upper part of the segment of the notum is divided ...
n. [L. prae, before; scutum, shield] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The first subdivision of the notum, usually followed by scutum and scutellum; the anterior division of the meso- ...
adj. [L. prae, before; socialis, of companionship] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Applied to groups that display some degree of social behavior short of true social behavior; see ...
n. [L. prae, before; Gr. sternon, chest] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The first subdivision of the eusternum, followed by the basisternum and sternellum.
prestomal teeth
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, a row of teeth protruded by the labella, by means of blood-pressure, to allow food particles to traverse the pseudotrachae.
presutural bristles
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) One or more thoracic bristles of Diptera, immediately in front of the transverse suture on either side.
adj. [L. prae, before; Gr. synapsis, union] Pertaining to structures or events before a synapse.
n. [L. prae, before; Gr. tarsos, flat of the foot] 1. (ARTHROPODA) The terminal segment of the leg of various arthropods, usually consisting of the lateral claws (ungues), ...
pretentorial pits
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The internal invaginations of the anterior arms of the tentorium.
preungual process
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Malacostraca, a structure at the base of the dactyl of the 4th pereopod in Paguridae; thought to be sensory in function.
see sternal apophyses.
n. [L. prae, before; valens, to be strong] The total number of cases of a particular disease at a particular time, in any given population; see incidence.
prevulvar setae
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Coccidae, large setae found anterior to the vulva on abdominal segments 6, 7, 8.
n. [L. prae, before; zoe, life] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A newly-hatched postnaupliar larva covered by embryonic cuticle.
См. priapulids.
n.; n. pl. [Gr. Priapos, god of male fertility] A phylum of burrowing, vermiform marine animals with a variety of protuberances that are used in taxonomy.
n. [L. primus, first] First; original.
primary bud
(BRYOZOA) A hollow outward expansion of the body walls of the ancestrula.
primary circlet
(ECHINODERMATA: Asteroidea) A ring of prominent ossicles on the aboral surface.
primary culture
A culture started from cells, tissues, or organs taken directly from organisms; if then subcultured, it becomes a \'cell line\'.
primary denticle
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In barnacles, denticles found on the sutural edges of the compartmental plate.
primary epithelium
The blastoderm.
primary fiber
(PORIFERA: Desmospongiae) Fiber at right angles to the surface; containing sand or debris taken up by the sponge.
primary homonym
Each of two or more identical speciesgroup names that were proposed in combination with the same generic name at the time of original publication.
primary host
see definitive host.
primary intergradation
An intermediate zone between two phenotypically different populations, developed in situ as a result of selection; see secondary intergradation.
primary iris cells
see corneal pigment cells.
primary ligament
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Original ligamental structure consisting of periostracum, lamellar layer and fibrous layers; not secondary additions such as the fusion layer.
primary ocelli
see dorsal ocelli.
primary pigment cells
see corneal pigment cells.
primary pleometrosis
См. periodical pleometrosis.
primary reproductive
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Isoptera, the queen or male termite derived from winged adults, that establish a colony; see adultoid reproductive, nymphoid reproductive, ergatoid ...
primary riblet
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) In shells with various strength of riblets, the riblet appearing early in development and remaining stronger than later ones.
primary royal pair
see primary reproductive.
primary segmentation
The segmental division of the body originating in embryonic metamerism.
primary setae
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Lepidoptera, setae with a definite arrangement found on caterpillars in all instars.
primary sexual characters
Gonads and associated ducts.
primary shell layer
(BRACHIOPODA) Outer layer under the periostracum; deposited by columnar epithelium of the outer mantle lobe.
primary spicule
(PORIFERA) A major structural megasclere.
primary teeth
(BRACHIOPODA) The cardinalia or central teeth below the umbones.
primary zooid
(BRYOZOA: Gymnolaemata) In some Cheilostomata, the ancestrula or one to several zooids simultaneously budded after larval metamorphosis; differing from subsequent zooids.
primary zoological literature
The literature dealing with animals or zoological phenomena, not merely a listing of names.
n. [L. primus, first; axis, axle] (ECHINODERMATA: Crinoidea) The first axillary arm; the axillary primibrach.
n. pl. [L. primus, first; Gr. brachion, upper arm] (ECHINODERMATA: Crinoidea) All brachials of an unbranched arm; there are usually 2, the second of which is an axillary.
adj. [L. primus, first] Ancestral; original form; primordial.
primitive streak
see germ band.
n. [L. primus, first; Gr. gyne, female] The primary type female of a species.
adj. [L. primordialis, original] Original or primitive; having the simplest and most underdeveloped character.
primordial soup
The solution or suspension of organic molecules thought to have given rise to life.
primordial valve
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Lepadomorpha and Verrucomorpha Cirripedia, one of 5 chitinous plates of cyrpid larvae.
n. [L. primordialis, original] The hypothetical theory of chaetotaxy of ancestral types; see atactotrichy.
n.; pl. -dia [L. primordialis, original] 1. The origin; beginning. 2. The first cells that are identifiable as the beginning development of an organ or structure; anlage; ...
n. pl. [L. principium, foundation] (PORIFERA) Spicules constituting main skeletal framework.
adj. [Gr. prion, saw; odous, tooth] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Coleoptera, referring to male Lucanidae bearing small mandibles; see amphidont, teleodont.
adj. [Gr. prion, saw; odous, tooth] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) With teeth developed transversely to the cardinal margin; similar to taxodont.
n.; pl. -ties [L. prior, former, superior] The principle that of two competing names for the same taxon (below the rank of an infraorder) the validity is based on which was ...
n. [L. primus, first; serere, to join] A primary sere; complete natural succession of communities, from bare habitat to climax; see plagiosere.
adj. [Gr. prisma, prism] 1. In the shape of a prism; microscopically honeycombed; a needle-like prism structure. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Pertaining to a type of shell ...
n. [L. pro, before; ala, wing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The anterior wing; fore wing.
n. [Gr. pro, before; aner, male] 1. Anterior pair of testes. 2. (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Testes restricted to segment X or homoeotic equivalent.
see premental gutter.
n. pl. [Gr. probolos, any projecting prominence] (NEMATA) Ornate cuticular structures often fringed and/or branched, of the labial or cephalic region.
n. pl. [Gr. pro, before; proboskis, trunk] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) Four long, tentacle-like, retractable structures with rows of hooks in the order Trypanorhyncha.
proboscidial fossa
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hymenoptera, the deep groove on the under side of the head of bees, in which the proboscis is folded in repose.
n. [Gr. proboskis, trunk; L. pes, foot] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The anomaly of a labellum maturing as a leg.
n.; pl. proboscises [Gr. proboskis, trunk] 1. Any extended trunk or beaklike sucking mouth parts of numerous invertebrates, as of leeches, planarians, dipteran insects, ...
proboscis bulb
(PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) In Tranypanorhyncha, muscular end of the proboscis sheath that causes the proboscides to evert.
proboscis pore
(NEMERTEA) An aperture through which the proboscis is everted; the rhynchostome.
proboscis sheath
(PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) In Trypanorhyncha, a tube into which the proboscides maybe retracted.
proboscis worm
The Nemertea, also called ribbon-worms.
adj. [L. pro, before; bursa, purse] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Turbellaria) In Tricladida, having the bursal stalk long and arching anteriorly over the penis, so that the bursa ...
procephalic lobes
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In embryology of the cephalic region, expansion of the neural ridges forming the future brain and divided into three neuromeres, known as proto-, ...
n. [Gr. pro, before; kerkos, tail; eidos, like] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) The metacestode developing from the oncosphere, containing a body proper and caudal vestige of ...
n.; pl. processes [L. processus, proceed] A marked prominence, projecting part, or outgrowth.
processi longi
see bacilliform.
processus ventralis
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A process on the posterior or lower side of the pars media, variable in shape, armed with thick, short spines, small in size or deeply cleft.
adj. [Gr. pro, before; klinein, to incline] Inclined forward or downward.
adj. [L. pro, before; corium, leather] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Referring to coria anterior to the prothorax.
n. [L. pro, before; corpus, body] (NEMATODA: Secernentea) In Tylenchida, the anteriormost cylindrical part of the esophagus, between the stylet and metacorpus (median ...
n.; pl. -culi [L. pro, before; crusculus, little leg] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Trematoda) One or more stumpy, locomotive appendages on the posterior of a redia.
procryptic colors
Imitative colors useful for concealment as a protection against enemies; see Batesian mimicry, Mullerian mimicry.
see anal.
n. [Gr. proktos, anus; L. gerere, to bear] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Anal portion of the 10th abdominal segment.
См. proctodaeum.
see proctodeum.
proctodeal feeding
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Isoptera, a drop of the contents of the rectal pouch being obtained from the anus of another termite; see stomodeal feeding.
proctodeal valve
see pyloric valve.
n. [Gr. proktos, anus; hodos, way] (ARTHROPODA) The posterior ectodermal region of the alimentary canal; hindgut; proctodaeum.
n. [Gr. proktos, anus; stoma, mouth] The "mouth" of Cnidaria and Turbellaria.
adj. [L. pro, before; cubare, to lean] Prostrate; trailing; leaning forward.
adj. [L. pro, before; curvare, to curve] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Arachnida, used to denote the curvature of the eyes when the lateral eyes are further forward than the ...
n. [L. pro, before; cutis, skin] (ARTHROPODA) The thicker layer beneath the epicuticle consisting of endocuticle and exocuticle that lends mass and strength to the cuticle; ...
n. [L. pro, before; dehiscere, to divide] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, molting in which the splitting of the old cuticle occurs laterofrontally beside the frontal ...
n. [L. pro, before; dis, two; concha, shell] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) 1. The embryonic shell. 2. Early shell secreted by the shell gland of the larva. 3. Later shell secreted ...
prodorsal dehiscence
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In molting, the line of weakness following the abjugal furrow between the aspidosoma and prodosoma.
n. [L. pro, before; dorsum, back] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) The dorsal surface of the aspidosomal tagma; may have one or two transverse furrows.
n. [Gr. prodromos, preceding] A premonitory symptom, indicating the initial stage of a disease. prodromal adj..
adj. [L. producere, to produce] Elongated; extended; projecting; production n.
n. [Gr. pro, before; ekdysis, getting out of] Preparation for molting, especially in decapod crustaceans.
see prognathous.
n. [Gr. pro, before; enchos, spear] (NEMATA) Has been used for both prostome and mesostome.
adj. [Gr. pro, before; epi, upon; lobos, projection] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) The prostomium slightly indenting the first segment.
n.; pl. -mera [Gr. pro, before; epi, upon; meros, part] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The epimeron of the prothorax.
n.; pl. -sterna [Gr. pro, before; epi, upon; sternon, chest] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The episternum of the prothorax.
see interantennular septum.
n. [L. pro, before; filum, outline] An outline as seen from the side or lateral view.
profundal region
In deep lakes from limnetic zone to bottom.
adj. [L. profusus, abundant] Abundant.
n. [Gr. pro, before; genesis, origin] 1. Retention of juvenile characters by precocious, sexually mature morphologically juvenile stage; see paedogenesis. 2. ...
adj. [L. pro, before; gignere, to beget] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, referring to the area between the primary and secondary genital opening and to the secondary ...
progenital chamber
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, the chamber between the primary and secondary genital opening of Acariformes.
progenital lips
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, paired symmetrical valves that close the progenital chamber of many Acariformes.
n. [L. pro, before; gignere, to beget] An ancestral species.
n. [L. pro, before; gignere, to beget] Offspring; young.
n. [Gr. pro, before; glotta, tongue] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) One complete unit of reproductive organs in a strobila; usually corresponding to a segment.
n.; pl. -ides [Gr. pro, before; glotta, tongue] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) A proglottid.
adj. [Gr. pro, before; gnathos, jaw] Having mouth parts directed forward; see hypognathous, opisthognathous.
adj. [Gr. pro, before; gonos, offspring] Having the genital opening in the anterior region of the body; see opisthogoneate.
adj. [Gr. pro, before; L. gradus, step] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In spiders, having the dorsal surface of the leg uppermost.
n. pl. [L. progrediens, advancing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Adelgidae, nymphs of the third generation that soon develop into wingless agamic females.
progressive provisioning
The practice of feeding the young during their development; see mass provisioning.
adj. [Gr. pro, anterior; gyne, woman] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Having ovaries restricted to segment xii or a homoeotic equivalent.
see prohemocyte.
n. [Gr. pro, before; haptein, to fasten] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Trematoda) In Monogenea, the anterior adhesive and feeding organs.
n. [Gr. pro, before; haima, blood; kytos, container] (ARTHROPODA) A small, round, oval or elliptical hemocyte with a relatively large nucleus and intensely basophilic ...
n. pl. [L. pro, before; ON. leggr, leg] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The fleshy abdominal legs of larvae; false legs.
see prohemocyte.
see prohemocyte.
n. [L. proles, offspring; ferre, to bear] An increase in size due to budding or cell division.
proliferation zone
(ARTHROPODA: Diplopoda) The place where new segments are formed; between last segment and telson.
adj. [Gr. pro, before; lobos, lobe] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Referring to a prostomium demarcated from and without a tongue in the peristomium.
see prohemocyte.
n. [L. pro, before; mentum, chin] (ARTHROPODA: Diplopoda) A median sclerite in the gnathochilarium, anterior of the mentum or stipites.
n. pl. [Gr. pro, before; meros, part] (ARTHROPODA: Diplopoda) In male Julida, the eighth pair of body limbs used in conjunction with the ninth pair of trunk legs ...
promesonotal suture
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hymenoptera, the transverse seam separating the pronotum from the mesonotum of Formicidae.
n. [Gr. pro, before; meta, between; phasis, appearance] In meiosis and mitosis the stage at which the chromosomes move to the equatorial plate.
n. [L. prominens, projecting] A raised, produced or projecting area; prominent adj..
n.; pl. -ria [Gr. pro, before; mitos, thread; chondros, grain] The possible precursor of a mitochondrion.
n. [L. pro, before; motio, move] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The movement of the coxa, resulting in protraction.
promyal passage
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) In oysters, the exhalant water passage found between the adductor muscle and mantle isthmus.
pronotal comb
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Siphonaptera, the row of strong spines on the posterior margin of the pronotum.
n. [Gr. pro, before; notos, back] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The dorsal sclerite of the prothorax.
n. [L. pro, before; nucleus, kernal] The spermatozoa and ova nucleus after maturation, prepared for fusion to form a zygote nucleus.
n. [Gr. pro, before; nymphe, pupa] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An individual enclosed in an embryonic cuticle which is shed during eclosion and left in the egg shell, or cast ...
pronymphal membrane
Embryonic cuticle covering the pronymphs with simple (hemimetabolus) or sometimes complete (holometabolus) metamorphosis, which are shed by a process similar to molting ...
adj. [Gr. pro, before; orchis, testicle] (NEMATA) An anteriorly directed testis.
n. [Gr. pro, before; ostrakon, shell] (MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) The anterior prolongation of the rostrum; a horny pen; see gladius.
v. [L. propagare, to propagate] 1. To transmit a wave of excitation along a nerve fiber. 2. To continue or cause to multiply.
n. [Gr. pro, before; para, near; meros, part] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) 1. In some Dermaptera, a lateral sclerite which may consist of anterior and posterior parts that support ...
n. [Gr. pro, before; pareia, cheek] (BRACHIOPODA:Inarticulata) One of a pair of roughly triangular areas of the posterior sector of the shell.
n. pl. [L. pro, before; pes, foot] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The forelegs, or prolegs of larvae.
n. [Gr. pro, before; dim. pelte, shield] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Arachnida, the covering of the prosoma, except for plates V and VI.
n.; pl. -li [Gr. pro, before; phallos, penis] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Odonata, the penis in the floor of fenestra between hamuli; sheath of penis.
n. pl. [Gr. pro, before; phasis, appearance] The early stages of mitosis or meiosis.
n. [Gr. pro, before; phragma, fence] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The anterior dividing wall of cuticular material connecting the pro- and mesothorax.
n.; pl. -laxes [Gr. pro, before; phylaktikos, guard] Methods designed to preserve health and prevent the spread of disease.
n.; pl. -ae [Gr. pro, before; plegma, plaited] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A single fold of the proplegmatium.
n.; pl. -ia [Gr. pro, before; plegma, plaited] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In scarabaeoid larvae, one of two areas with a plicate surface inside, usually in front of a ...
propleural bristles
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, bristles situated on the propleuron; just above the coxae of the forelegs.
n.; pl. -pleura [Gr. pro, before; pleura, side] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The lateral portion of the prothorax.
adj. [Gr. pro, before; pneustikos, of breathing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Having only the anterior pair of spiracles open and functioning; see oligopneustic.

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