Слова на букву amph-auxo (732) Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
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Слова на букву amph-auxo (732)

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amphophile
См. amphophilic.
amphophilic
adj. [Gr. ampho, both; philos, love] Certain cells and tissues that have an affinity equally for acid and for basic dyes.
amphoteric
adj. [Gr. amphoteros, in both ways] 1. Possessing opposite characters. 2. Capable of acting either as a base or an acid.
amphoterotoky
see amphitoky.
ample
adj. [L. amplus, large] Large in size, capacity, volume or scope.
amplected
adj. [L. amplexus, embracing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Having the head set into a hollow or recess of the prothorax.
amplexiform wing coupling
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Lepidopterous wing coupling by virtue of an extensive area of overlap between the fore and hind wing.
ampliate
adj. [L. ampliatus, made wider] To enlarge; to make greater.
amplification
n. [L. amplificare, to enlarge] An enlargement or extension; expanding a statement or description.
anamorphosis
n.; pl. -ses [Gr. ana, backwards; morphosis, forming] 1. A process of slow, steady evolution without apparent gross mutant variation. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) a. The ...
anandric
adj. [Gr. an, without; aner, man] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Designating earthworms without testes.
anaphase
n. [Gr. ana, up; phasis, appearance] The period of mitotic division in which the daughter chromosomes move toward opposite poles.
anaphylaxis
n. [Gr. ana, again; phylax, guard] A state of excessive sensitivity to a serum or foreign protein that can result in a state of shock, that may develop with marked circulatory ...
anaplasis
n. [Gr. ana, up; plassein, to form] Progressive ontogenetic development.
anapleurite
n. [Gr. ana, up; pleuron, side] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A dorsal sclerite of the thoracic pleural region.
anapolysis
n. [Gr. an, without; apo-, separate; lysis, loosen] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) The detachment of a spent proglottid after it has shed its eggs; anapolytic a; see apolysis. ...
anapterygote
adj. [Gr. an, not; a, without; pterygotos, winged] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Designates apterous insects that are derived from winged ancestors.
anaptychus
n. [Gr. an, without; apo-, away from; ptychos, fold] (MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) A shelly plate found in some fossil cephalopods, thought to function as an operculum; see ...
anarsenosomphic
adj. [Gr. an, without; arsen, male; somphos, porous] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Designates earthworms without male terminalia, such as parthenogenetic morphs, cephalic ...
anarthrous
adj. [Gr. an, without; arthron, joint] Lacking a distinct joint or joints.
anascan
n. [Gr. an, without; askos, sac] (BRYOZOA: Gymnolaemata) Cheilostomata in which the autozooids have a hydrostatic system including the flexible part of the frontal wall, ...
anastomosing colony
(BRYOZOA) A branching erect colony where branches join and rebranch to form an open network.
anastomosis
n.; pl. -ses [Gr. anastomosis, formation of a network] A union or joining between two or more structures forming a network.
anastral
adj. [Gr. an, without; aster, star] Lacking an aster, with reference to mitosis.
anastrophic
adj. [Gr. ana, backwards; strephein, to turn] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) In Prosobranchia, as in Architectonica , pertaining to a heterostrophic shell with the protoconch coiled ...
anatomy
n. [Gr. ana, again; temnein, to cut] The science of internal morphology, as revealed by dissection; see zootomy.
anatoxin
n. [Gr. ana, backwards; toxikon, poison] A toxin modified by heat or chemical treatment eliminating its toxic properties, but retaining its antigenic properties; toxoid.
anatrepsis
n. [Gr. anatrepein, to turn over] 1. Increase of movement during blastokinesis. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In blastokinesis, a term used to describe the movement of the ...
anatriaene
n. [Gr. ana, up; triaina, trident] (PORIFERA) A tetractinal megasclere with three short recurved rays and a single long shaft.
anautogeny
adj. [Gr. an, without; autos, self; genes, producing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Refers to the necessity of a blood meal of certain Diptera before eggs can develop within the ...
anaxial
adj. [Gr. an, without; L. axis, axle] Lacking a distinct axis; asymmetrical.
anaxon
См. anaxone.
anaxone
n. [Gr. an, without; axon, axis] A nerve cell having no apparent axon.
ancestral
adj. [L. antecedere, to go before] Referring to derivation from an earlier form or ancestor; primitive.
ancestrula
n. [L. antecedere, to go before] (BRYOZOA) The first formed colony founding zooid. a. In Stenolaemata and most Gymnolaemata, the zooid formed by metamorphosis of a ...
anchialine
adj. [Gr. anchi, near; hals, salt] Pertaining to landlocked pools or cave lakes that have subterranean connections to the ocean.
anchor
n. [L. ancora, anchor] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Copepoda, enlarged first thoracic segment of an anchor worm. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Ephemeroptera, a distal ...
anchor process
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An anterior process of some dipterous larvae; sternal spatula; see breastbone.
anchorate
adj. [L. anchora, anchor] (PORIFERA) Pertaining to a chela with four clads at each end.
anchylosis
n. [Gr. angcheein, to press tight] 1. The union or fusion of parts into one structure. 2. A stiffness or immobility of a joint.
anci
see anko.
ancipital
adj. [L. anceps, double-headed] 1. Having two opposite edges or angles. 2. (MOLLUSCA) A two-edged, double-faced, double-formed shell having two varices that are continuous.
ancistroid
adj. [Gr. ankistron, a hook; eidos, shape] Hookshaped; barbed.
ancyloid
adj. [Gr. ankylos, hooked; eidos, shape] (MOLLUSCA) Shaped like the patelliform shell of the fresh-water limpet-like Ancylus , with the apex strongly directed anteriorly.
andric
adj. [Gr. aner, male] Male; see gynic.
andrium
n. [Gr. aner, male] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In male Diptera, the posterior part of the postabdomen comprising abdominal somites 9 and 10, and including the copulatory ...
androconia
n. pl. [Gr. aner, male; konia, dust] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Specialized scales associated with aphrodisiac pheromone glands, on the wings of male butterflies; comparable ...
androecium
n. [Gr. aner, male; oikos, house] (ECHIURA) In some female bonellids, a specialized part, usually basal, of the nephridium where the male may be found.
androgamete
n. [Gr. aner, male; gametes, husband] A spermatozoan; a male germ cell or gamete.
androgenesis
n. [Gr. aner, male; genesis, beginning] Male parthenogenesis; the development of a haploid embryo from a male nucleus.
androgenic gland
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A gland located near the vas deferens responsible for development of male secondary sexual characteristics.
androgenous
adj. [Gr. aner, male; genes, producing] Pertaining to the production of males or male gametes.
androgynous
see hermaphrodite.
androgyny
n. [Gr. aner, male; gyne, woman] Having male organs develop before female during maturation; protandrous hermaphrodite.
android
n. [Gr. aner, male] Resembling a male.
androsperm
n. [Gr. aner, male; sperma, seed] A male-producing spermatozoan; containing a Y-chromosome, limited to one sex.
androsynhesmia
n. [Gr. aner, male; syn, with; hesmos, swarm] A group of males gathered together during mating season; see synhesmia, gynosynhesmia.
androtype
n. [Gr. aner, male; typos, type] The male type specimen of a species.
andry
n. [Gr. andros, a man] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Pertaining to a testis containing segments.
anecdysis
n. [Gr. an, without; ekdysis, molt] 1. Ecdysis in which successive molts are separated by long intermolt phases. 2. Terminal anecdysis when maximum size is reached and no ...
anecic
n. [Gr. anekas; upward] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Deep dwelling worms that come to the surface to feed or breed; see endogean; epigean.
anellifer
n. [L. anellus, little ring; ferre, to bear] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In male Lepidoptera, the lateral parts of the anellus when joined to the inner surface of the valvae; ...
anellus
n. [L. anellus, little ring] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In male Lepidoptera, a sclerotization of the inner wall of the phallocrypt, forming a funnel-like cone around the ...
anelytrous
adj. [Gr. an, without; elytron, sheath] Lacking elytra.
anemochorous
adj. [Gr. anemos, wind; chorein, to spread] Dispersed by the wind.
anemoreceptor
n. [Gr. anemos, wind; L. recipere, to receive] A sensory receptor of air currents; trichobothrium.
anemotaxis
n. [Gr. anemos, wind; taxis, arrangement] Orientation of an animal in response to air currents.
anenteric
adj. [Gr. an, without; enteron, gut] Lacking an alimentary tract.
anepimeron
n. [Gr. ana, up; epi, upon; meros, part] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The upper portion of an epimeron above a distinct suture.
anepisternite
see mesopleuron.
anepisternum
n. [Gr. ana, up; epi, upon; sternon, breastbone] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The upper division of the episternum; see infraepisternum.
aner
n. [Gr. aner, male] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Male, especially in Formicidae.
anestrus
См. anoestrus.
aneucentric translocation
One that involves the centromere of a chromosome; one daughter chromosome is acentric and the other dicentric.
aneuploid
adj. [Gr. an, without; eu, well; aploos, onefold] Refers to cells or individuals having one, two or a few whole chromosomes, more or less than the basic number of the species ...
aneuronic
adj. [Gr. an, without; neuron, nerve] Absence of innervation.
aneurose
adj. [Gr. an, without; neuron, nerve] 1. Without nerves. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Term used for a wing with veins near the costa only.
anfractuose
adj. [L. anfractus, circuitous] Wavy, winding, turnings, sinuous.
angiogenesis
n. [Gr. angeion, vessel; genesis, beginning] The development of blood vessels.
angiostomatous
adj. [Gr. angeion, vessel; stoma, mouth] Having a non-distensible mouth.
angstrom
n. [after adj. J. Angstrom] One hundred-millionth of a centimeter, or one-tenth of a nanometer (nm); a unit used in measuring the length of light waves.
angulate
adj. [L. angulare, to make angular] Having angles or sharp corners.
angulation
n. [L. angulus, angular] An angular formation or edge where two surfaces meet at an angle.
anguli frontales
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In immatures, the anterior projections from the frons situated laterad to a median projection, the nasale; may or may not be symmetrical.
angustate antenna
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An antenna in which the intermediate and terminal joints are thinner.
angusticorn trumpet
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, a respiratory structure of Culicidae pupae bearing the longest axis vertically and approximately in line with the stem, funnelshaped when ...
angustirostrate
adj. [L. angustus, narrow; rostrum, beak] Having a narrow rostrum or snout; see latirostrate.
anholocyclic
adj. [Gr. an, without; holos, whole; kyklos, circle] Having only parthenogenetic reproduction; see holocyclic.
anhydrobiosis
n. [Gr. an, without; hydor, water; biosis, manner of life] A state of dormancy in various invertebrates due to low humidity or desiccation.
anhydrous
adj. [Gr. an, without; hydor, water] Being without water; completely lacking in water.
animal
n. [L. animalis, a living being] Any member of a group of living organisms distinguished from plants by a definite body form, absence of rigid cell walls of cellulose, ...
animal starch
see glycogen.
Animalia
n. [L. animalis, a living being] A kingdom of organisms that contains the animals.
anion
n. [Gr. ana, up; ienai, to go] Any ion bearing a negative charge; see cation.
anisochela
n. [Gr. anisos, unequal; chele, claw] 1. (ARTHROPODA) A chela with two unlike parts. 2. (PORIFERA) A diactinal microsclere with unlike, recurved hooks, plates or flukes ...
anisocytic
adj. [Gr. anisos, unequal; kytos, container] Having cells in the intestinal epithelium unequal in height in a given cross section.
anisogametes
n. pl. [Gr. anisos, unequal; gametes, spouse] Outwardly dissimilar male and female gametes; heterogamete.
anisogamy
n. [Gr. anisos, unequal; gamos, marriage] Gametes when fusing during fertilization vary in size, shape and behavior; see heterogamy.
anisoglottid
adj. [Gr. anisos, unequal; glottis, mouth of the windpipe] (NEMATODA: Secernentea) Having a glottoid apparatus with metarhabdions at different levels; see isoglottid. ...
anisognathous
adj. [Gr. anisos, unequal; gnathos, jaw] Bearing unequal jaws.
anisomorpha
n. [Gr. anisos, unequal; morphe, form] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Insects whose metamorphosis differ in various ways.
anisomorphic
adj. [Gr. anisos, unequal; morphe, form] Varying in form, size or structure; see isomorphic.
anisomyarian
adj. [Gr. anisos, unequal; myos, muscle] 1. Having unequal muscles. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Having the anterior adductor muscle reduced or absent; see monomyarian.
anisotropic
adj. [Gr. anisos, unequal; tropein, to turn] Doubly refracting, such as dark bands in the sarcomere of a muscle fiber; see isotropic.
ankistroid
see ancistroid.
ankylosis
См. anchylosis.
anlage
n.; pl. -en, -es [Ger. anlage, predisposition] A primordium or cell group that constitutes identification of a part or organ; see blastema.
annectent
adj. [L. annectere, to bind together] Linking; an intermediate; connecting together.
annelet
n. [L. dim. annellus, little ring] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hymenoptera, a small ring-joint between the basal scape and the funicule of the antenna.
Annelida
См. annelids.
annelids
n.; n. pl. [L. annulus, ring; Gr. eidos, form] A phylum of segmented or cylindrical ringed worms, encompassing the Polychaeta, mainly free-living and marine, the ...
annidation
n. [Gr. an, without; L. nidus, nest] Describing a mutant organism existing in a deme because of an ecological niche the normal organism is unable to utilize.
annotinate
n. [L. annus, year] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Depressed lines placed at varying distances across some shells, marking their yearly growth; annual ring; growth ring.
annual
adj. [L. annus, year] Occurring once a year, or lasting for one year.
annual colony
A deme that lasts only one season and dies out.
annual ring
see annotinate.
annular
adj. [L. annulus, ring] 1. Pertains to being ring-shaped; marked with rings or bands. 2. (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Referring to the clitellum of earthworms encircling the ...
annular lamina
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hymenoptera, the lamina or sternal plate situated in front of the genitalia of Formicidae.
annular spiracle
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) 1. In immature Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera, simple, ring-like spiracles with a single opening with no accessory chambers. 2. In other immature ...
annulate
adj. [L. annulus, ring] Composed of, or furnished with ring-like bands or annuli; may refer to structural bands or colored bands.
annulates
n. pl. [L. annulus, ring] A group of segmented invertebrates including the arthropods, annelids and related forms.
annulations
n. pl. [L. annulatus, ringed] Deep, transverse cuticular striae occurring at intervals (usually regular) giving the body a segmented appearance.
annulet
n. [L. annulus, ring] A small ring into which a segment is divided by complete transverse constrictions, crenulations, or plicae.
annuli
pl. of annulus.
annulose
adj. [L. annulus, ring] Bearing rings.
annulus
n.; pl. -li -luses [L. annulus, ring] 1. Any ring-like circling of a joint, segment, spot or mark. 2. (BRYOZOA: Phylactolaemata) The outer epidermal layer of a statoblast ...
annulus antennalis
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The encircling sclerite into which the basal segment of the antenna is inserted; antennal sclerite.
annulus ventralis
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, the seminal receptacle of a female crayfish.
annuluses
pl. of annulus.
anodont
adj..
anodontia
n. [Gr. an, without; odontos, tooth] 1. Lacking teeth; edentate. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Lacking hinge teeth.
Anodontoda
see Bivalvia.
anoestrus
n. [Gr. an, without; oistros, desire] A period of sexual inactivity; a non-breeding period.
anomalous
adj. [Gr. anomalos, irregular] Deviating from the common or usual rule, form or type; anomaly n.
anomoclad
n. [Gr. anomoios, dissimilar; blados, branch] (PORIFERA) A subglobular microsclere spicule produced by the swelling of the middle part of the spicule.
anomphalous
adj. [Gr. an, without; omphalos, navel] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) Without an umbilicus.
anoprocess
n.; pl. -ses [L. anus; processus, process] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Neuroptera, the uppermost process of each half of the anal segment.
anorganology
see abiology.
anorthogenesis
n. [Gr. an, without; orthos, straight; genesis, beginning] Adaptive changes of evolutionary significance based on preadaptations; zigzag evolution.
anosmatic
adj. [Gr. an, without; osme, smell] Lacking or impairment of the sense of smell.
anoxybiont
n. [Gr. an, without; oxys, sharp; bios, life] An organism incapable of using oxygen as opposed to one that is aerobic.
ansa
n. [L. ansa, handle] A loop or loop-like structure.
ansiform
adj. [L. ansa, handle; forma, shape] Looped, or looplike in shape.
antafossa
see antennal fossa.
antagonism
n. [Gr. antagonistes, competitor] 1. Inhibition or interference in growth of an organism due to unfavorable conditions created by the presence of another species. 2. Opposing ...
antagonistic symbiosis
A symbiotic association in which one symbiont seeks to establish domination over the other; see parasitism.
ante mortem
adj. [L. ante, before; mors, death] Before death; see post-mortem.
anteal
adj. [L. ante, before] Being in front or forward.
antealar
adj. [L. ante, before; ala, wing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to being positioned anterior to the front wing.
antealar sinus
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Odonata, the transverse grooved area in front of the base of the front wings.
anteapical
adj. [L. ante, before; apex, summit] Proximal of the apex.
anteapical cell
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A cell in the distal part of the wing.
anteclypeus
n. [L. ante, before; clypeus, shield] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The anterior division of the clypeus when differentiated from the postclypeus by a sulcus or suture; see ...
antecosta
n. [L. ante, before; costa, rib] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The anterior marginal or submarginal interior tergal or sternal plate, on which the longitudinal muscles are ...
antecostal sulcus
См. antecostal suture.
antecostal suture
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The groove of the intersegmental sclerite that marks the base of the antecosta.
antecoxal piece
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An inner sclerite between the trochantin and the episternum; the lateral sclerites of the clypeus.
antecoxal sclerite
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A part of the metasternum just anterior to the hind coxae.
antecubital
see antenodal cross veins.
antecurrent
see prosocline.
antefrons
n. pl. [L. ante, before; frons, forehead] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Frons situated anterior to the antennal base lines.
antefurca
n.; pl. -furcae [L. ante, before; furca, fork] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The internal chitinous forked process projecting into the thoracic cavity from the anterior thoracic ...
antehumeral
adj. [L. ante, before; humerus, shoulder] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Designating the area immediately anterior to the basal portion of the wing.
antelabrum
n. [L. ante, before; labrum, lip] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The anterior part of the labrum when differentiated.
antemarginal process
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Scarabaeoidea, a process distad of the lateroproximal marginal region of the phallobase.
antenna
n.; pl. -nae [L. antenna, feeler] 1. Analogous, unsegmented structures in mollusks, polychaete worms and rotifers. 2. (ARTHROPODA) A movable sensory appendage of various ...
antennal appendage
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Anoplura, protuberance on the first or third antennal segment of male biting lice.
antennal carina
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A prominent ridge extending posteriorly from a decapod antennal spine.
antennal club
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The enlarged distal segment of a clubbed antenna.
antennal fossa
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A cavity or depression in which the antenna is located; antennal groove; antafossa.
antennal fovea
see antennal groove.
antennal gland
1. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Malacostraca, a complex excretory gland with ducts opening on the second antenna; green gland. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) One of a pair of ...
antennal groove
(ARTHROPODA) A groove or depression in the head of many arthropods, extending posteriorly from the basal segment of the antenna.
antennal lobes
see deutocerebrum.
antennal muscle scar
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Ostracoda, an impression of the antennal muscle on the inner surface of a valve, situated in front of the adductor muscle scar, usually above the ...
antennal organs
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Collembola, sensory structures of springtails situated on the distal segment of the antenna.
antennal region
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, the anterior marginal part bordering orbital region laterally, adjoining hepatic, pterygostomial, and occasionally also the frontal ...
antennal scale
see scaphocerite.
antennal sclerite
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The sclerotic rim of the basal antennal socket; see annulus antennalis.
antennal segment
(ARTHROPODA) That segment of an arthropod head from which the antennae arise, usually second segment; deuterocerebral segment.
antennal spine
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A decapod spine situated on the anterior margin of the carapace, slightly below the orbit.
antennal support
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Coleoptera, ringshaped cranial projections of scarab larvae, to which the antennae are appended; the proximal, nonarticulated first antennal segment. ...
antennal suture
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The external groove in the cranial wall surrounding the antennal socket; see circumantennal sulcus.
antennaria
n. [L. antenna, feeler] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In immatures, an annular sclerite forming the periphery of each antennal sclerite.
antennation
n. [L. antenna, feeler; suff. denoting act] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The act of touching with the antennae that function as a sensory probe or tactile signal to another ...
antennifer
n. [L. antenna, feeler; ferre, to carry] (ARTHROPODA) The single marginal point into which the basal scape of the antenna is inserted, allowing it freedom to move in all ...
antenniform
adj. [L. antenna, feeler; forma, shape] Appearing like or shaped like an antenna.
antennomere
n. [L. antenna, feeler; Gr. meros, part] (ARTHROPODA: Diplopoda) An antennal segment.
antennua
n. [L. dim. antenna, feeler] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) The second antennae, when there are two pair.
antennular fosette
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A depression, pit or socket containing the basal portion of the antennule.
antennular region
see deutocerebral region.
antennular scale
see stylocerite.
antennule
n. [L. dim. antenna, feeler] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) The first antenna; anteriormost appendage, primarily sensory in function, but often adapted for other functions in ...
antenodal
adj. [L. ante, before; nodus, knob] Preceding a node or nodes.
antenodal cross veins
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Odonata, wing veins along the costal border between the base and the nodus, extending from the costa to the radius.
anteocular
adj. [L. ante, before; oculus, eye] Before the eye.
antepectus
n. [L. ante, before; pectus, chest] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The underside of the prothorax.
antepenultimate
adj. [L. ante, before; paene, almost; ultimus, last] Pertaining to the second from the last segment of various invertebrates.
antepleuron
see episternum.
antepronotum
n. [L. ante, before; Gr. pro, before; notos, back] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, the anterior division of the pronotum.
antepudendum
n. [L. ante, before; pudenda, external genitals, vulva] (NEMATA) Genital tube proceeding anterior from the vulva in monovarial amphidelphic descendants; antepudendic ...
antepygidial bristle
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Siphonaptera, one or more large bristles on the apical margin of the seventh tergum.
anteriad
adv. [L. ante, before; ad, toward] Directed toward the anterior part of the body; directed forward, as opposed to posteriad.
anterior
adj. [L. ante, before] 1. Before or toward the front. 2. Pertaining to the direction in which the head tends to point when an animal is active. 3. (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) ...
anterior apophyses
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In female Lepidoptera, a pair of slender chitinized internal rods extending anteriorly from the ninth abdominal segment.
anterior canal
see siphonal canal.
anterior cardiac chamber
see proventriculus.
anterior hard plate
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, an irregular platelike anterior area of the clypeopalatum of Culicidae.
anterior keel
(MOLLUSCA) The high point of the whorl next to the suture at the lower edge of the shell nearest to the anterior end.
anterior lateral tooth
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A lateral tooth in front of the beak.
anterior promontory
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, the median area of the mesonotum, at the anterior end of the acrostichal area.
anterior setae
see ventral setae.
anterior stigmatal tubercle
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Prominence on the thoracic and abdominal segments of caterpillars.
anterior tentorial arms
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An apodeme arising from the anterior tentorial pits, meeting the posterior tentorial arm at a visible fusion point; sometimes bearing a small dorsal ...
anterior tentorial pits
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) External depressions in the epistomal suture marking the base of the anterior tentorial arm(s).
anterior tubercle
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A swelling or small projection in the anterior region of the carapace of archaeostracans; polygenetic, sometimes including the optic tubercle.
anterobiprostatic
adj. [L. antero, anterior; bis, twice; Gr. prohistanai, to set before] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Pertaining to the male terminalia of parthenogenetic earthworm morphs in which ...
anterodorsal
adj. [L. antero, anterior; dorsum, back] Toward the front and the top or upper side.
anterolateral region
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) The lateral part of the carapace bordering the subhepatic or hepatic regions.
anteromesal
adj. [L. antero, anterior; mesos, middle] In the front and along the midline of a body.
anteroposterior axis
The longitudinal axis, from head to tail.
anteroventral
adj. [L. antero, anterior; venter, belly] In the front on the lower side.
antesternite
n. [L. ante, before; Gr. sternon, breastbone] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The anterior ventral plate or spicule; basisternum; eusternum.
anthelminthic
adj. [Gr. anti, against; helmins, worm] Pertaining to therapeutic agents used against intestinal helminths causing death or expulsion; see vermicide, vermifuge.
anthelmintic
См. anthelminthic.
anthobian
n. [Gr. anthos, flowers; bios, life] Feeding on flowers.
anthoblast
n. [Gr. anthos, flower; blastos, bud] (CNIDARIA: Anthozoa) In stony corals, a young sessile polyp producing an anthocyathus.
anthocaulus
n. [Gr. anthos, flower; kaulos, stalk] (CNIDARIA: Anthozoa) The stalk of a solitary coral after the separation of the disklike anthocyathus.
anthocodium
n.; pl. -ia [Gr. anthos, flower; kodeia, head] (CNIDARIA: Anthozoa) The distal end of an alcyonarian coral; the upper tentacular part of the polyp that can be retracted ...
anthocyanins
n. pl. [Gr. anthos, flower; kyanos, blue] Important plant pigments (flavones) that may contribute to the blue or red coloration of insects; see anthoxanthins.
anthocyathus
n.; pl. -ia [Gr. anthos, flower; kyathos, cup] (CNIDARIA: Anthozoa) The disklike crown portion of solitary corals that separates from the stalk (anthocaulus).
anthogenesis
n. [Gr. anthos, flower; genesis, beginning] The production of both males and females by parthenogenesis.
anthophilous
adj. [Gr. anthos, flower; philein, to love] Designating attraction to or feeding on flowers; anthobian.
anthostele
n. [Gr. anthos, flower; stele, column] (CNIDARIA: Anthozoa) The stiff proximal part of certain stoloniferan polyps into which the tentacular portion is retracted.
anthoxanthins
n. pl. [Gr. anthos, flower; xanthos, yellow] Plant pigments (flavones) responsible for the ivory to yellow color of some true bugs and Lepidoptera; see anthocyanins.
Anthozoa
См. anthozoans.
anthozoans
n.; n. pl. [Gr. anthos, flower; zoon, animal] Any coelenterate of the class Anthozoa, phylum Cnidaria, including the sea anemones and corals.
anthracene
См. anthracine.
anthracine
n. [Gr. anthrax, coal] Coal black; shiny black with a bluish tint.
anthraquinones
n. pl. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A group of orange or red pigments found in certain insects.
anthropochorous
adj. [Gr. anthropos, man; chorein, to spread] Refers to any disease or organism transported by man, usually unintentionally; peregrine.
anthropogenic
adj. [Gr. anthropos, man; genes, producing] Caused by, or resulting from, the influence of man.
anthropomorphic
adj. [Gr. anthropos, man; morphe, form] Attributing human attributes to animals.
anthropophilous
adj. [Gr. anthropos, man; philein, to love] Used to describe insects that prefer human blood.
anthropozoic
adj. [Gr. anthropos, man; zoe, life] Designating that period of time since man appeared upon the earth.
anthropozoonosis
n. [Gr. anthropos, man; zoon, animal; nosos, disease] A disease of humans transmissible to other animals; see zooanthroponosis, zoonosis.
antiaposematic
adj. [Gr. anti, against; apo, away; sema, signal] Referring to coloration that disguises a predator; see parasematic, aposematic.
antibiosis
n. [Gr. anti, against; biosis, manner of life] An association between two organisms in which one secretes a substance destroying or inhibiting the other.
anticlinal
adj. [Gr. anti, against; klinein, to bend] Radial; inclining in opposite directions; at right angles to the surface of a part.
anticlypeus
see anteclypeus.
anticoagulant
adj. [Gr. anti, against; L. coagulare, to curdle] Pertaining to any substance that prevents or delays the coagulation of blood.
anticoagulin
n. [Gr. anti, against; L. coagulare, to curdle] (ARTHROPODA) The secretion of certain parasitic species that prevents or delays the coagulation of the host\'s blood.
anticrista
n.; pl. -ae [Gr. anti, against; L. crista, crest] (MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) A cartilaginous outgrowth of the statocyst wall that protects the macula and crista from sudden ...
anticryptic color
A color or color pattern used for concealment by a predator in order to facilitate attack on its prey; see cryptic color, homochromy.
anticus
adj. [L. anticus, foremost] Anterior; belonging to or toward the front; frontal.
antidiuretic hormone
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A diuretic regulatory hormonal mechanism that enhances the rate at which fluid is secreted via the Malpighian tubules, and in certain insects, reduces ...
antidromic
adj. [Gr. anti, against; dromos, running] Moving in a direction contrary to normal; see orthodromic.
antigeny
adj. [Gr. anti, against; genes, producing] Pertaining to sexual dimorphism.
antilysin
n. [Gr. anti, against; lyein, to dissolve] Any substance that can counteract lysin.
antimere
n. [Gr. anti, against; meros, part] Left and right halves of a bilaterally symmetrical object, or a homologous part repeated in segments arranged around an axis, as in ...
antimetabolite
n. [Gr. anti, against; metabole, change] Any compound that interferes with normal cellular metabolism.
antimitotic
adj. [Gr. anti, against; mitos, thread] Refers to the action of physical or chemical agents that produce a consistent deviation in the mitotic cycle.
antimorph
n. [Gr. anti, against; morphe, form] A mutant allele that inhibits the production of the ancestral allele.
antineural
adj. [Gr. anti, against; neuron, nerve] 1. Distal to a nerve. 2. Term used instead of ventral for certain invertebrates, such as Pogonophora; see adneural, subneural. ...
antiperistalsis
n. [Gr. anti, against; peri, around; stalsis, contraction] Peristalsis occurring in reverse; reversed muscular contractions in the digestive tract.

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