Слова на букву auxo-capi (732) Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
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Слова на букву auxo-capi (732)

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adj. [Gr. branchia, gills; pneustikos, of breathing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to a form of respiration in larvae where the spiracles are functionally replaced by ...
branchiostegal area
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) That part of a carapace extending laterally and ventrally over the branchiae.
branchiostegal spine
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, a spine on the carapace between the antennal and pterygostomial spines.
n. [Gr. branchia, gills; stegos, roof] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) Expanded dorsal and lateral branchial region of the carapace that covers the gills.
n. [Gr. branchia, gills; remus, oar] (BRACHIOPODA) Any limb.
n.; pl. branchitella [Gr. dim. branchia, gills; telos, end] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A point on the posterioventral shell margin of oysters at the aboral end of the gills near ...
breakage plane or joint
The site of autotomy in invertebrates.
n. [A.S. breost, front of the chest; ban, bony] 1. The sternum. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain dipterous larvae, a horny ventral process behind the oral opening, ...
breathing pore
see spiracle.
adj. [Gr. brephos, embryo] 1. Pertaining to an early stage of development. 2. (BRACHIOPODA) The juvenile stage in shell development after protegulum, shown by presence of ...
n.; pl. -tubae [L. brevis, short; cera, wax; tuba, trumpet] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A wax gland of scale insects with an outlet short of the margin of the pygidium.
adj. [L. brevis, short] 1. Shortened; smaller than normal. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Used to describe antennae that are about the length of the head.
adj. [L. brevis, short; cauda, tail] Having a short tail.
adj. [L. brevis, short; lingua, tongue] Having a short tongue.
breviorate antennae
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A term to describe antennae extending passed the head, but short of the body length; see brevissimate antenna.
adj. [L. brevis, short; pes, foot] Having short legs.
adj. [L. brevis, short; penna, wing] Having short wings.
adj. [L. brevis, short; rostrum, beak] Having a short beak or rostrum.
brevissimate antennae
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Antennae length shorter than head length.
n. [A.S. brycg, bridgework] 1. Chromosome arrangement at anaphase of meiosis produced from a dicentric strand. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Odonata, a connecting wing ...
bridge cross vein
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A cross vein anterior to the bridge vein.
bridging host
An intermediate host that allows a parasite to go to a previously unsuitable host.
see frenulum.
n. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A filament of silk of silkworms; when coated with sericin, two adhere together, forming the bave.
Brindley's gland
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain adult Heteroptera, simple sac-like structures of the scent gland system, occurring in the hemocoele below the first visible abdominal ...
n. [A.S. byrst, hair] Any of various stiff, coarse hairs or hairlike structures.
bristle setae
(NEMATODA: Adenophorea) Ambulatory setae functioning in traction.
n. sing. & pl. [Corn. bryth, speckeled] The minute marine animals, mainly crustaceans, that form an important link in the food chain of the aquatic environment.
n. pl. [Gr. brochos, cord; soma, body] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In leafhoppers, ultramicroscopic reticulated bodies, products of the Malpighian glands.
n.; pl. bromatia [Gr. broma, food] A hyphal swelling on the fungus cultured by fungus ants on organic debris in underground galleries.
see trachea.
n. [A.S. brod] The individuals hatched at the same time from eggs by a single parent and normally mature at about the same time.
brood canal
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Stylopidea, the passage between the female parasite and its puparium; a brood chamber.
brood capsule
(PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) A small hydatid cyst containing 10 to 30 protoscolices; parasites of carnivores.
brood chamber
1. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) a. In Cladocera, a dorsal space between the trunk and enveloping carapace containing developing eggs and newly hatched young. b. In Peracarida, a ...
brood pouch
Any space or sac-like cavity utilized as a uterus, in which eggs or embryos are developed; a brood chamber, ovisac or marsupium.
broom shaped
see besomiform.
brown bodies
1. (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Spheroidal, ellipsoidal or discoidal masses, free in the coelomic cavities, containing corpuscles or brown debris, setae, cysts of parasites, ...
brown deposit
(BRYOZOA: Stenolaemata) Granular deposits of iron oxide or pyrite believed to be fossilized organic material of organs or brown bodies of degenerated organs.
brownian movement
The continual vibratory movement of small particles dispersed in a fluid medium, as a result of bombardment by the molecules of the medium.
Brunner's organ
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A soft tubercle at the base of the hind femur of grasshoppers, against which the caudal tibiae press when at rest.
brush border
Projections of microvilli free on the surface of epithelial cells that produce a brush-like appearance.
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In male Lepidoptera, anterior phermone-producing paired glands, storage organs and distributive brushes functioning to elaborate and disperse sex ...
n. pl. [OF. broisse, brushwood] 1. A cluster of bristles, stout hairs or scales. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) a. In Diptera, anterior "mouth bristles" of some mosquitoe larvae, ...
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Small spines or setae on the mandibles.
См. bryozoans.
n.; n. pl. [Gr. bryon, moss; zoon, animal] A phylum of sessile aquatic coelomates, formerly subdivided into Ectoprocta and Entoprocta, and commonly called moss animals. ...
n.; pl. buccae [L. bucca, cheek] 1. The cheek. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) That area on both sides of the head below the compound eye and just above the mouth opening.
adj. [L. bucca, cheek] Pertaining to the mouth or cheek.
buccal appendage
(ARTHROPODA) Any articulating mouth part.
buccal cavity
1. The mouth or oral cavity. 2. (NEMATA) The stoma.
buccal cone
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acarina, that portion of the mouthparts composed of hypostome and labrum.
buccal field
(ROTIFERA) A division of the corona; pertaining to the area surrounding the mouth.
buccal fissure
The mouth opening.
buccal frame
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Brachyura, the structural region of the cephalon that encloses the mouthparts.
buccal funnel
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Siphunculata, that portion of the fore-intestine that extends into the pharynx.
buccal groove
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Nephropidae, a transverse groove that connects the gastroorbital and antennal grooves crossing the mandibular elevation behind the antennal spine.
buccal mass
(MOLLUSCA) A bulging mass comprising the radula and associated structures.
buccal tentacles
/ cirri (ANNELIDA) Elongate or digitiform food gathering appendages in or around the mouth.
buccal tube
1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) see food meatus. 2. (ROTIFERA) The tubular, ciliated area between the mouth and mastax.
adj. [L. bucca, cheek] Having distended or protuberant cheeks.
adj. [L. buccinum, a horn-shaped mollusk; forma, shape] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) Resembling a trumpet shape; resembling the shape of a Buccinum mollusk.
adj. [L. bucca, cheek; Gr. pharynx, throat] 1. Pertaining to the cheeks and pharynx. 2. Pertaining to the mouth and pharynx.
buccopharyngeal armature
see cephalopharyngeal skeleton.
buccopharyngeal gland
См. salvary gland.
n.; pl. buccullae [L. dim. bucca, cheek] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) One of two ridges on the underside of the head on either side of the beak or rostrum.
Bucephalus cercaria
(PLATYHELMINTHES: Trematoda) Larva of the furcocercous group with the oral sucker on the midventral surface as in adults, with the tail arising from a large bulbous ...
Buchner funnel
A funnel with an interior perforated plate on which filter paper is placed that functions in vacuum filtration.
n. [ME. budde, bud] A young individual produced by budding, prior to detachment from the parent.
n. [ME. budde, bud] 1. The asexual reproduction of a new individual as the result of an outgrowth or bud from the parent organism. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) see colony ...
buffer species
An alternative food for a predator, thereby, buffering the effect of the predator on its normal prey.
buffered populations
Populations of organisms affecting one another in such a way as to maintain a population density mean.
Bugel organ
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A sense organ attached to the back of the tympanum, containing two scolopidia supported by an apodemal ligament and an invagination of the tympanal ...
n. [L. bulbus, a swelling] Any hollow globose organ.
adj. [L. bulbus, a swelling] Pertaining to or resembling a bulb.
См. bulbar.
См. bulbar.
bulbus ejaculatorius
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Ductus ejaculatorius. a. In some Hymenoptera, the swollen almost spherical structure. b. In Lepidoptera, the distal part. c. In Diptera, a muscled, ...
n.; pl. bullae [L. bulla, bubble] 1. A rounded prominance, blister- or knob-like. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A structure secreted by the head and maxillary glands of certain ...
adj. [L. bulla, bubble] Having a blister-like appearance, inflated, swollen.
adj. [L. bulla, bubble; forma, shape] Bubble-shaped.
n. [A.S. byndele, a binding] 1. A band or group fastened together. 2. A group of nerves, muscles or other fibers; a fasicle.
n. [A.S. byrthen, load] The total number of infectious parasites of an individual; see intensity.
n. [uncert. origin] A hole or excavation used as a shelter and habitation, or place of retreat; see fossorial.
n.; pl. bursae [L. bursa, purse] 1. Any pouch or sac, a sac-like cavity. 2. A lateral cuticular extension adanal, or surrounding the tail of male nematodes and ...
bursa copulatrix
1. A genital pouch of numerous invertebrates. 2. In certain male nematodes and acanthocephalans, a modified caudal ala or alae, circular or oval, may be divided into two ...
bursa seminalis
see seminal bursa.
bursal slits
(ECHINODERMATA: Crinoidea) Genital openings of the bursa of Ophiurida, through which water circulates for respiration, and ripe sex cells pass for fertilization or are ...
n. [L. dim. bursa, purse] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A hormone associated with hardening and darkening of the cuticle following ecdysis.
adj. [L. bursa, purse; forma, shape] Formed like a purse.
buschelformigen Korper
see racemose glands.
see hampe.
n. [OF. bouterez, to thrust] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Culicidae pupae, a sclerotized, thickened basolateral part of the paddle; external buttress; external thickening; ...
adj. [Gr. byssos, fine flax] Composed of fine filaments.
byssal foramen
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) An opening in the right valve for passage of byssus in Anomiidae oysters.
byssal gape
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) An opening between the valve margins for the passage of the byssus.
byssal gland
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A viscid secreting gland producing the byssal threads that anchors the organism to rocks and solid objects; also called byssal pit; see byssus.
byssal notch
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A small opening or notch located on the ventral margin for the passage of the byssus from the byssal gland.
byssal sinus
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Corresponds to the byssal notch of the right valve, but shallower and on the left valve in the Pectinacea.
n.; pl. byssi, byssuses [L. byssos, fine flax] 1. (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Fibers or small bundles of silky threads by which they anchor themselves to the substratum; beard. ...
Semi-circular or cresent shape; U-shaped.
n. [L. cadaver, dead body; colere, to dwell] An organism feeding on the dead tissues of another organism.
n. [Gr. kadiskos, urn or box] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Trichoptera, a case bearing larva.
n. [L. quadrus, square] (ARTHROPODA: Pentastomida) The sclerotized mouth lining.
adj. [L. caducus, falling] Naturally detached or shed; having the tendency to fall off early or before maturity.
caducous muscle
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In exo- and endopterygotes, larval muscles that may persist for a short time in the adult and may play an important role until destroyed.
См. cecum.
См. Cainogea.
n. [Gr. kainos, recent; genesis, beginning] The repetition of phylogeny by ontogeny, caused by heterochrony (temporal displacement), heterotropy (spacial displacement) or ...
adj. [L. caespes, turf] Growing in dense clumps or tufts; matted.
n. [Gr. kainos, recent; gaia, earth] A zoogeographical region including the Nearctic, Palearctic, and Oriental regions, as opposed to Eogaea; caenogaean adj..
n. [L. capsa, box] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) A box-like arrangement of longitudinal muscle fibers in certain earthworms.
calabar swelling
Transient subcutaneous nodule or swelling resulting from the traversing filarial nematode Loa loa.
calamistrum setae
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In many cribellate Araneae, a row of curved bristle-like setae on the dorsal part of the fourth metatarsus; functioning in combing silk from a ...
n. [L. calamus, reed] (NEMATA) The shaft of the spicule.
adj. [L. calathus, basket shaped, bowl-like; forma, shape] Shaped like a cup or bowl.
see unguitractor.
n.; pl. -caria [L. calcar, spur] 1. A spur-like projection. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A spur- or horn-like hypertrophied seta or spine, with roots that may be incorporated ...
n. [L. calcarius, of lime] A class of sponges of the Phylum Porifera, with skeleton formed of spicules of calcium carbonate laid down as calcite; tissues unlike other sponge ...
adj. [L. calcarius, of lime] Composed of, containing, or of the nature of limestone or calcium carbonate.
adj. [L. calcar, spur; forma, shape] Spur-like.
adj. [L. calceus, shoe] Slipper-shaped; oblong with a coarctate middle; calceiform; calceoliform.
n.; pl. calceoli [L. dim. calceus, shoe] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Malacostraca, complex sensory organelles on the antennules and accessory flagellum of amphipods.
glands (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Esophageal glands of earthworms, excretory in function; controls the level of certain ions in the blood, particularly calcium and carbonate ...
adj. [L. calx, lime; facere, to make] Producing lime salts.
n. [L. calcis, heel; pala, shovel] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain Diptera, a flattened lobe at the apex of the basitarus of the hind leg.
n. pl. [L. calx, lime; sphaera, ball] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Calcium accumulated in the adipose-bodies of larvae of phytophagous Diptera.
n. [L. calyx, cup] (CNIDARIA) The open end of a coral skeleton; see corallite.
see calycle.
calicoblastic epithelium
(CNIDARIA: Anthozoa) A specialized portion of the ectoderm of corals that produces the aragonite skeleton in the true or stony corals.
n. [Gr. kalia, hut; logos, discourse] The study of dwellings or natural shelters utilized by animals.
n.; pl. -ties [L. callus, hard skin] 1. A state or quality of being callous. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) The local thickened part of the callus or inductura of the shell.
adj. [L. callus, hard skin] Hardened; having a callus or callosities.
callow worker
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A newly emerged adult worker ant whose exoskeleton is still relatively soft and lightly pigmented; see teneral.
n. [L. callus, hard skin] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A sheet of shelly material filling in the anterior gape in the shell of certain adult mollusks.
n.; pl. calluses, calli [L. callus, hard skin] 1. An unusually hardened or thickened area; a rounded swelling. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In brachycerous Diptera, a knoblike ...
n. [Gr. kalos, beautiful; biosis, manner of life] A form of symbiosis in which a species lives in the nest of, and at the expense of another either temporarily or ...
n. [Gr. kalamos, stalk, reed] (NEMATA) The shaft of the spicule between the manubrium and the lamina; sometimes called the spicule shaft.
adj. [L. calor, heat] Of or pertaining to heat.
adj. [L. calor, heat; genere, to produce] Generating heat.
n. [L. calor, heat; metricus, of measuring] The measurement of heat exchange in an organism or in a system.
n. [F. calotte, skull cap] 1. (MESOZOA: Rhombozoa) The headlike region of dicyemids. 2. (NEMATODAOM) Anterior extremity of a nematomorph, often marked by a white area ...
n. [ML. calcitrapa, a four-pointed weapon used to obstruct enemy movements] (PORIFERA) A tetraxon spicule with four rays more or less equal.
caltrop spines
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Lepidoptera, specialized tibial spurs of limacodid larvae.
n. [L. calvaria, skull] A skull-cap; an epicranium.
n. [L. calvaria, skull] (NEMATA) Subcuticular cephalic framework.
adj. [L. calvus, bald] Lacking hair; bald.
n.; pl. calces [L. calx, heel] 1. A heel, or the portion of a limb corresponding to the heel. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The distal end of the tibia.
adj. [Gr. kalyx, cup; L. forma, shape] Calyx-like or goblet-shaped.
adj. [Gr. kalyx, cup] Cuplike; calyx-like.
n. [Gr. kalyx, cup] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A small cap on the umbones. 2. (CNIDARIA: Hydrozoa) The theca of hydroids.
adj. [Gr. dim. kalyx, cup] (ARTHROPODA) Pertaining to antennae furnished with cup-shaped joints for insertion of next annulus.
n.; pl. -li [Gr. dim. kalyx, cup] 1. Any cup-shaped structure; calycle. 2. (CNIDARIA: Hydrozoa) A cavity of a coral containing the polyps.
calyoptis larva
see calyptopis stage.
n. pl. [Gr. kalypto, cover] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, small membranous lobes or disk-like structures at the base of the wing, just above the halter; see alula ...
adj. [Gr. kalyptos, covered; blastos, bud] (CNIDARIA: Hydrozoa) Pertains to hydranths in which the gonophores are commonly borne singly or multiply on stalked blastostyles ...
adj. [Gr. kalyptos, covered; branchia, gills] Bearing gills imperceptible from the exterior.
adj. [Gr. kalyptos, covered; L. domus, house] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertains to nests, especially of social wasps, in which brood combs are surrounded by an envelope; see ...
calyptopis stage
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Euphausiacea, the third larval stage characterized by differentiation of abdomen and appearance of compound eyes; see zoea.
n. [Gr. kalyptos, covered; stasis, standing] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) A stase in which acarine instars are subject to regressive characters from losing the use of ...
n. [Gr. kalypto, cover] A hood or cap; see alula.
n. [Gr. kalyptos, covered] The Calyptrate Muscoidae of former classifications, including Tachinidae, Metopiidae, Muscidae, Oestridae and Cuterebridae; see Muscoidea ...
see calypteres.
n.; pl. -yxes, -ycis, -yces [Gr. kalyx, cup] 1. Any cuplike area into which structures are set. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) a. A flattened cap of neuropile in an insect brain, ...
camarodont lantern
(ECHINODERMATA) When the large epiphyses are fused across the top of each pyramid of Aristotle\'s lantern.
n. [L. camera, chamber] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) adj. Curved narrow sclerite that supports the paired lobes of the arolium. b. A curved band of cuticle supporting the ...
cameral liquid
(MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) A fluid found in the most recently formed nautiloid shell chambers.
n. [L. camera, chamber] Divided into chambers.
n. [L. camera, chamber; stoma, mouth] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) A ventral groove in the propodosome of Acarina, wherein lies the capitulum (gnathosoma).
adj. [L. campana, bell; forma, shape] Bell or dome-shaped.
adj. [L. dim. campana, bell] Formed like a bell; bell-shaped.
adj. [L. campester, of fields] Inhabiting open country and grassland.
campodeiform larva
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A larva having the form of the thysanuran genus Campodea , elongate and flattened, with well developed legs and antennae, and usually active; said of ...
n.; pl. campi [L. campus, field] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The bare or almost bare ventral region of the tenth, or fused ninth and tenth, abdominal segments of scarabaeoid ...
Canadian Zone
A biogeographical zone comprising the southern part of the great transcontinental coniferous forests of Canada, the northern parts of Maine, New Hampshire and Michigan, and a ...
n. [L. canalis, channel] 1. A groove, tube, or duct. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The groove or sulcus on the mandible or mouth structures of insect larvae. 3. (CNIDARIA) ...
canal of fecundation
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The seminal canal of female Coleoptera.
canal system
(PORIFERA) Passageways through which water passes from the surface pores to the osculum or excurrent openings.
adj. [L. canalis, channel] (PORIFERA) Referring to spicules in the lining of canals.
adj. [L. dim. canalis, channel] Having longitudinal grooves, channels or sutures.
n.; pl. -uli [L. dim. canalis, channel] 1. A minute canal. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Lepidoptera, an elongate sclerotized structure that functions as a support or guide ...
adj. [L. canalis, channel; ferre, to carry] (MOLLUSCA) Having a canal-like extension of the aperture in the form of small grooves or furrows.
n. [L. canalis, channel; Gr. izein, to make] The characteristic developmental pathways that achieve a standard phenotype in spite of genetic or environmental disturbance.
canalizing selection
The selection of genes to stabilize the developmental pathways so as to make the phenotype less susceptible to the effect of environmental or genetic disturbances.
См. cancellated.
adj. [L. cancellatus, latticed] Being marked with numerous ridges or lines; pertaining to a network formed by small interlacing bars; reticulated.
adj. [L. cancer, crab; socius, companion] Living with or on the shell of a crab; commensalism with crabs.
adj. [L. cancer, crab; Gr. eidos, like] Resembling a crab.
n. [L. candeo, shine, glow] (NEMATA) A refringent thickening of the posterior cuticle void of ornamentation; see calvarium.
n.; pl. canellas, -ae [Gr. dim. kanna, reed] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A furrow that extends from a spiracle to the lateral margin of the body of coccoid insects.
n. pl. [L. canis, dog] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A pair of heavily chitinized spines originating from the mandibles of mayflies, adapted for holding food.
n. [L. canus, hoary] Grayness or whiteness of hair.
n. [Sp. canibal, caribal, through Arawakan, fr. Carib calina, galibi, Caribs lit.; strong men] Eating the flesh of other individuals of the same species.
n.; pl. cannulae [Gr. dim. kanna, reed] A small tube.
n. [Gr. kantharis, blister-beetle; -iasis, a diseased condition] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The invasion of humans and other animals by coleopterous larvae.
n. [Gr. kantharis, blister-beetle] A chemical produced by adults of the family Meloidae that causes skin blisters; the drug is obtained for medical use from the southern ...
adj. [Gr. kantharis, blister-beetle; philein, to love] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pollination by beetles.
n. [Gr. kanthos, edge, corner] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A cuticular bridge across compound eyes that partially or completely divides the eyes into an upper and lower half.
adj. [L. capax, roomy] Able to contain a great deal; roomy; large; ample; spacious.
n. [L. capax, roomy] 1. Cause to become capable; qualify. 2. In spermatogenesis, the physiological changes between insemination and fertilization.
adj. [L. capillus, hair] Hair-like.

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