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Слова на букву capi-clyp (732)

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cephalic pole
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An elongated egg in the ovariole aligned with the head of the parent.
cephalic region
Pertaining to, on, in, or near the head.
cephalic rim
(ANNELIDA: Polychaeta) A flange encircling the head.
cephalic salivary glands
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A pair of glands lying against the posterior wall of the head of bees, that unite with the thoracic salivary gland to form a common duct; see ...
cephalic setae
(NEMATA) Setae-like sensilla of the outer of three circlets around the anterior neck region or mouth.
cephalic shield
1. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A chitinous, somewhat calcified covering of the head region formed of fused tergites of cephalic somites, commonly having pleura. 2. (MOLLUSCA: ...
cephalic slits
(NEMERTEA) Deep or shallow furrows, lined with a ciliated epithelium, that occur laterally on the sides of the head; thought to be chemosensory.
cephalic somite
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A unit division of the cephalic region usually recognized as one of five somites that bear distinctive paired appendages; a cephalomere.
cephalic stomodeum
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) That part of a stomodeum contained in the head.
cephalic suture
(NEMATODA: Adenophorea) The posterior delimitation of the cephalic capsule in marine nematodes.
cephalic tentacles
see frontal tentacles.
cephalic veil
(ANNELIDA: Polychaeta) A delicate hood-like membrane separating the opercular paleae from the buccal tentacles in Pectinariidae.
cephalic ventricle
(NEMATA) The fluid-filled area anterior to the end of the esophagus.
cephalic vesicle
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A single sac formed by the union of the larval pharynx and its diverticula, through which it is presumed that fluid passes to circulate into and around ...
cephalid
n. [Gr. kephale, head] (NEMATA) A nerve commissure of a highly refractive nature that extends from lateral cord to lateral cord ventrally or dorsally, anteriorly they ...
cephaliger
n. [Gr. kephale, head; L. gerere, to bear] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The anterior process of the cervical sclerite that articulates with the condyle of the cranium; the head ...
cephalization
n. [Gr. kephale, head] The process by which the highest degree of specialization became localized in the anterior end, or in the head, in animal development.
cephaloboid
adj. [Gr. kephale, head; eidos, form] (NEMATA) Having the appearance of a Cephalobus nematode: an esophagus with a long, narrow anterior portion and a pearshaped valvate ...
cephalocaudal suture
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain Vespoidea, the median suture dividing the mesepisternum.
cephaloconi
n. pl. [Gr. kephale, head; konos, cone] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) In Clionidae, a circlet of adhesive oral papillae; two or three pairs of conical buccal appendages.
cephalomere
n. [Gr. kephale, head; meros, part] 1. Those segments of a metamerically segmented animal that are considered to be part of the head. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) see cephalic ...
cephalon
n.; pl. -la [Gr. kephale, head] The anterior body region; the head.
cephalopharyngeal skeleton
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, articulated sclerites of the mature larva; a secondary development: mandibular sclerites, intermediate sclerite, pharyngeal sclerite, ...
cephalophorous
adj. [Gr. kephale, head; phoreus, bearer] (MOLLUSCA) Pertaining to having a head.
cephalophragma
n. [Gr. kephale, head; phragma, partition] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain Orthoptera, a v-shaped partition dividing the head into an anterior and posterior chamber.
Cephalopoda
См. cephalopods.
cephalopodium
n. [Gr. kephale, head; pous, foot] (MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) The head region, consisting of head and arms.
cephalopods
n.; n. pl. [Gr. kephale, head; pous, foot] A Class of Mollusca containing the squid, cuttlefish, octopus, argonaut, and spirula, with head-foot bearing a ring of appendages, ...
cephalopsin
n. [Gr. kephale, head; ops, eye] A purple-like photopigment found in the eyes of cephalopods and certain other invertebrates.
cephalosome
n. [Gr. kephale, head; soma, body] (ARTHROPODA) The head region of an arthropod; in crustaceans, this includes only somites bearing maxillipeds or gnathopods, or both.
cephalostegite
n. [Gr. kephale, head; stege, roof] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) The anterior part of the cephalothoracic shield.
cephalotheca
n. [Gr. kephale, head; theke, case] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The head covering in a pupa.
cephalothorax
n. [Gr. kephale, head; thorax, chest] (ARTHROPODA) A descriptive term used for many arthropods indicating the anterior region of the body combining head and thorax; ...
cephalotrocha larva
(PLATYHELMINTHES: Turbellaria) A polyclad turbellarian resembling a trochophore-like stage, but distinguished from the trochophore by the possession of one preoral and one ...
cephalous
adj. [Gr. kephale, head] Pertaining to the head.
cephalula
n. [Gr. dim. kephale, head] (BRACHIOPODA) A freeswimming embryonic stage.
ceraceous
adj. [L. cera, wax] Waxy.
cerago
n. [L. cera, wax] Beebread.
ceral
adj. [L. cera, wax] Of or pertaining to wax.
cerambycoid larva
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Flattened or cylindrical, naked, smooth and distinctly segmented larva, resembling those of Cerambycidae and some Buprestidae and Elateridae.
ceraran setae
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The conical setae of the cerarii of soft scale insects.
cerarius
n.; pl. cerarii [L. cera, wax] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hemiptera, a structure on the dorsum of the body of mealy bugs, consisting of pores and setae; sometimes sclerotized.
ceras
n.; pl. cerata [Gr. keras, horn] 1. A horn or horn-like appendage. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) In some Nudibranchia, numerous projections that act as gills on the dorsal body ...
ceratheca
См. ceratotheca.
ceratite
n. [Gr. keras, horn] (MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) An ammonoid cephalopod found in the Permian Period and typical of Triassic deposits.
ceratoid
adj. [Gr. keras, horn; eidos, form] Horny; horn-like or horn-shaped.
ceratophore
adj. [Gr. keras, horn; phoreus, bearer] (ANNELIDA: Polychaeta) Pertaining to the basal joint of an antenna.
ceratotheca
n. [Gr. keras, horn; theke, case] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) That portion of a pupal shell surrounding the antenna.
ceratuba
n.; pl. -tubae [L. cera, wax; tuba, trumpet] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hemiptera, the terminal outlet of certain wax glands of scale insects, variable in shape and size.
cercal
adj. [Gr. kerkos, tail] Pertaining to the tail or cercus.
cercaria
n.; pl. -rae [Gr. kerkos, tail] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Trematoda) The free-swimming larval form of a digenetic trematode; produced by asexual reproduction within a sporocyst ...
cercaria ornata
(PLATYHELMINTHES: Trematoda) A cercaria with a fin on the tail.
cercariaeum
n. [Gr. kerkos, tail] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Trematoda) A cercaria without a tail.
cerci
pl. of cercus.
cercid
n. [Gr. kerkis, shuttle] (PORIFERA) A minute migrating cell produced by division of the archaeocytes.
cercobranchiate
n. [Gr. kerkos, tail; branchia, gills] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The respiratory apparatus of odonatan insect nymphs, consisting of three terminal lamellate caudal gills. ...
cercocystis
n. [Gr. kerkos, tail; kystis, bladder] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) A cysticercoid with a tail.
cercoide
n. [Gr. kerkos, tail; eidos, shape] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) One of a pair of genital appendages on abdominal segments 9 and 10 of certain insects.
cercomer
n. [Gr. kerkos, tail; meros, part] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) A posterior, knob-like attachment on a procercoid or cysticercoid, usually bearing the hooks of the ...
cercopod
n. [Gr. kerkos, tail; pous, foot] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A segmented terminal process located on the telson; see caudal ramus. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Jointed ...
cercus
n.; pl. cerci [Gr. kerkos, tail] (ARTHROPODA) One of a pair of appendages that arise at the posterior of the abdomen of arthropods that function as sense organs; abdominal ...
cere
v.t. [L. cera, wax] To wax or cover with wax.
cere
v.t. [L. cera, wax] To wax or cover with wax.
cerebellum
n. [L. dim. cerebrum, brain] The subesophageal ganglion.
cerebral eyes
Paired eyespots embedded in or near the substance of the brain area.
cerebral ganglion
In invertebrates, one of a pair of ganglia (or fused median ganglion) situated in the head or anterior portion of the body; the dorsal ganglion; cerebroganglion; see ...
cerebral organs
1. (NEMERTEA) One of paired ciliated tubes associated with the dorsal ganglion and opening to the exterior, that function as chemical sense organs. 2. (SIPUNCULA) The ...
cerebroganglion
see cerebral ganglion.
cerebroidae
n. pl. [L. cerebrum, brain] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The ganglionic center of the brain.
cerebropedal
adj. [L. cerebrum, brain; pes, foot] (MOLLUSCA) Pertaining to nerve strands connecting the dorsal cerebral and ventral pedal ganglia.
cerebropleural ganglion
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A ganglion just above the mouth.
cerebrosides
n. pl. [L. cerebrum, brain; F. -ide, from oxide] Phospholipids probably common to all living cells.
cerebrovisceral
adj. [L. cerebrum, brain; viscera, viscera] (MOLLUSCA) Pertaining to, or connecting the cerebral and visceral ganglia.
cerebrum
n. [L. cerebrum, brain] 1. The primary cephalic or anterior ganglion or ganglia. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The supraesophageal ganglion, or brain; cerebral adj..
cereous
adj. [L. cereus, waxen] Wax-like.
ceriferous
adj. [L. cera, wax; ferre, to carry] Bearing or producing wax.
cerinula larva
(CNIDARIA: Anthozoa) In Ceriantharia, pelagic larvae resembling medusae with flagella and a circlet of marginal tentacles; many genera have been named from the pelagic ...
cernuous
adj. [L. cernuus, facing earthward] Drooping; nodding; pendulous; having the apex more or less bent downward or inclining.
cerodecyte
n. [L. cera, wax; Gr. kytos, container] Oenocytes; applied to such cells because they were presumed to aid in forming and conserving wax.
cerotegument
n. [L. cera, wax; tegumentum, covering] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, tegumental layers generally distinguishable by an outer cement layer covering the lipid layer; ...
cerulean
n. [L. caeruleus, sky-blue] Azure or sky-blue.
cerumen
n. [L. cera, wax] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A mixture of resin and wax used for nest construction by stingless bees, and to a minor extent by Apis.
cervacoria
n. [L. cervix, neck; corium, leather] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The cephalic membranous end of the cervix, attached to the walls of the head near the foramen.
cervical
adj. [L. cervix, neck] Of or pertaining to the neck, or to the cervix of an organ.
cervical alae
(NEMATODA: Secernentea) In some animal parasitic nematodes, wide lateral anterior alae, single, bifid or trifid, often with internal supporting struts.
cervical ampulla
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Orthoptera, cervical membrane capable of becoming a swollen dorsal vesicule protruding immediately behind the head; functioning in ecdysis.
cervical condyles
see occipital condyles.
cervical duct
(NEMATA) The excretory duct.
cervical foramen
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The occipital foramen of coleopterous larvae.
cervical furrow
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, a transverse groove in the median part of a carapace, between the gastric and cardiac regions, curving toward the antennal spine; ...
cervical gland
1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The dorso-lateral glands of the larvae of primitive sawflies located between the head and thorax. 2. (NEMATA) The excretory gland.
cervical groove
1. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, a transverse groove on the carapace marking the general separation of the head and thoracic areas. 2. (NEMATA) Transverse groove ...
cervical notch or incision
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) Strong indentation of a carapace at the level of the cervical groove.
cervical papillae
(NEMATA) Paired lateral papillae in some Secernentea and Chromadoria; lateral sensory sensilla located anteriorly, usually on the so-called neck region; deirids.
cervical pore
(NEMATA) The ventromedian excretory pore.
cervical sclerite
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Lateral sclerite or sclerites in the neck or cervix membrane, between the head and prothorax; jugular sclerites.
cervical shield
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A chitinous plate on the prothorax of caterpillars immediately behind the head; a sclerotized pronotum; a prothoracic shield.
cervical sinus
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Cladocera, a rounded to angular indentation anteriorly along the edge of the carapace, exposing the rear part of the head.
cervical suture
see cervical groove.
cervical vesicle
(NEMATA) Distended cuticle anterior to the cervical groove.
cervicalia
n. [L. cervix, neck] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The sclerites of the cervix or neck.
cerviculate
adj. [L. cervix, neck] Having a long neck or neck-like portion.
cervicum
n. [L. cervix, neck] (ARTHROPODA) The neck region.
cervinus
adj. [L. cervinus, deer] Reddish, deer-gray.
cervix
n.; pl. cervices [L. cervix, neck] 1. The neck or necklike part. 2. A constriction of the mouth of an organ. 3. (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acariformes, the dorsal part ...
cesious
adj. [L. caesius] Bluish-gray.
cespiticolous
adj. [L. caespes, turf; colere, to inhabit] Inhabiting grassy places.
cespitose
См. caespitose.
cestiform
adj. [L. cestus, girdle; forma, shape] Girdle-shaped.
Cestoda
См. cestodes.
cestodes
n.; n. pl. [L. cestus, girdle] A class of elongate, dorsoventrally flattened obligate parasitic worms that develop in an intermediate vertebrate or invertebrate host and ...
chaeta
n.; pl. chaetae [Gr. chaite, hair] (ANNELIDA) Seta.
chaetiferous
see setiferous.
chaetiger
n. [Gr. chaite, hair; L. gerere, to bear] (ANNELIDA) Any segment bearing setae.
Chaetognatha
См. chaetognaths.
chaetognaths
n.; n. pl. [Gr. chaite, hair; gnathos, jaw] A phylum of free-living planktonic or benthic animals, commonly called arrowworms, having an elongated more or less ...
chaetoparia
n.; pl. -pariae [Gr. chaite, hair; pareion, cheek] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In scarabaeoid larvae, the inner part of the paria covered with bristles.
chaetophorous
adj. [Gr. chaite, hair; pherein, to bear] Bearing bristles.
Chaetopoda
n. [Gr. chaite, hair; pous, foot] Annelids that have setae, the Polychaeta and Oligochaeta.
chaetosemata
n. pl.; sing. chaetosema [Gr. chaite, hair; sema, sign] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In some families of Lepidoptera, one pair, rarely two pairs, of sensory organs located on the ...
chaetotaxy
n. [Gr. chaite, hair; taxis, arrangement] Pattern, arrangement and nomenclature of bristles on any part of the exoskeleton; chaetotactic, chaetotaxal adj..
chainette
n. [F. chainette, a catenary curve] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Cestoda) A longitudinal band of single or double rows of very small hooks located on the tentacles.
chaintransport
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The passing of food from one worker ant to another during transport to the nest.
chalastogastrous
adj. [Gr. chalastos, loose; gastros, stomach] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Having the abdomen attached to the thorax by a broad base, as in certain Hymenoptera.
chalaza
n.; pl. -zas, -zae [Gr. chalaza, pimple] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A pimple-like swelling on the body-wall that bears a seta.
chalceous
См. chalceus.
chalceus
adj. [Gr. chalkos, copper] Brassy in color or appearance.
chalimus stage
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Monstrilloida, a larval infective stage that fixes to the host with a frontal filament; parasites of various marine invertebrates.
challenge
n. [OF. chalangier, contest] The testing of induced immunity of a potential host by exposure to parasites after immunization.
chalone
n. [Gr. chalinos, to curb] Any internal secretion with inhibitory actions; see hormone.
chalybeate
См. chalybeus.
chalybeatus
См. chalybeus.
chalybeous
См. chalybeus.
chalybeus
adj. [Gr. chalybos, steel] Metallic steel-blue in color.
chambered
adj. [Gr. kamara, chamber or vault with arched roof] Having divisions or provided with a chamber.
chambered organ
(ECHINODERMATA: Crinoidea) A five chambered structure, encased in the cup-like cavity of the aboral nervous system; connecting canals form the nerves of the stalk and ...
chank
n. [Hind. cankh, conch shell] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) A pear- or top-shaped shell utilized as ornaments and bangles and held sacred by the Hindus (the Xancus pyrum and the ...
channeled
См. channelled.
channelled
adj. [L. canalis, groove] Having furrows, grooves or channels; directed into or along a channel.
chaperon
see clypeus.
chaplet
n. [OF. chapel, hat] 1. A small crown. 2. A terminal process in the form of a circle of hooks or similar structures.
character
n. [Gr. charassein, to make clear] A distinguishing feature, trait or property of an organism that distinguishes a member from a different group or taxon; taxonomic ...
character displacement
A divergence of equivalent characters in a sympatric species due to the selective effects of competition; see character divergence.
character divergence
A name given by Darwin to the differences developing in two or more related species in their area of sympatry resulting from selective effects of competition; see character ...
character index
A numerical value, compounded from the ratings of several characters, indicating a degree of difference of related taxa; also a rating of an individual, particularly a hybrid, ...
checkered
see tessellate.
cheek groove
see genal groove.
cheeks
n. pl. [A.S. ceace, cheek] 1. In most invertebrates, the lateral portions of the head. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Below the eyes and lateral to the mouth; parafacials; see ...
cheilorhabdions
n. pl. [Gr. cheilos, lip; dim. rhabdos, rod] (NEMATA) The cuticularized walls of the cheilostome; see rhabdions.
cheilostome
n. [Gr. cheilos, lip; stoma, mouth] (NEMATA) The anteriad region of the stoma, that is lined by external cuticle formation.
cheironym
n. [Gr. cheir, hand; onyma, name] A manuscript name for a species; an invalid name until published.
chela
n.; pl. chelae [Gr. chele, claw] 1. (ARTHROPODA) A lateral movable claw on a limb: pincerlike, with opposed movable and immovable fingers; occasionally both fingers move. ...
chelate
adj. [Gr. chele, claw] Pincerlike, or possessing or resembling chelae.
chelenchium
see cheilostome.
chelicera
n.; pl. -erae [Gr. chele, claw; keras, horn] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) Anterior most pair of appendages, functioning in grasping, holding, tearing, crushing or piercing; ...
cheliceral boss
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Araneae when present, a tear-shaped or wedge-shaped process on the distal part of the chelicera where it comes into contact with the clypeus.
cheliceral frame
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) That part of the tegument to which the chelicerae are attached.
cheliceral gland
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) One of paired glands in the dorsal part of the prosoma; the orifice is in the chelicerae.
cheliceral groove
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) One of paired longitudinal grooves in the dorsal surface of the infracapitulum, receiving and guiding the chelicera.
cheliceral sheath
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) A paired membranous sheath that attaches the chelicera to the cheliceral frame so as to allow extension and retraction.
cheliceral teeth
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) Serrations along the borders of the cheliceral groove.
Chelicerata
См. chelicerates.
chelicerates
n.; n. pl. A subphylum of arthropods without antennae, divided into three classes: the Merostomata, or horseshoe crabs; the Arachnida, spiders, scorpions, mites and ...
cheliferous
adj. [Gr. chele, claw; L. ferein, to bear] Bearing or terminating in claws or chelae.
cheliform
adj. [Gr. chele, claw; L. forma, shape] Pincherlike.
cheliped
n. [Gr. chele, claw; L. pes, foot] A claw-bearing appendage; forceps that bear at its tip a chela.
cheloniform
adj. [Gr. chelon, tortoise; L. forma, shape] Turtle or tortoise-shaped; limpet-like.
chelophores
n. pl. [Gr. chele, claw; pherein, to bear] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) Chelicerate first appendages of the arthropod class Pycnogonida.
chemiluminescence
n. [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; L. luminescere, to grow light] Enzymatic light production without increase in temperature in the course of a chemical reaction; ...
chemoceptor
see chemoreceptor.
chemodifferentiation
n. [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; L. differens, dissimilar] The chemical change in cells preceding their visible characteristic difference in embryonic development.
chemoheterotroph
n. [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; heteros, different; trophe, nourishment] An organism that uses organic compounds as both energy and a carbon source.
chemokinesis
n. [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; kinesis, movement] Increased movement of an organism due to the presence of a chemical substance; chemokinetic adj..
chemoreceptor
n. [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; L. receptor] A sense organ stimulated by chemical substances that may be perceived as smell (olfaction) or direct contact.
chemoreflex
n. [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; L. reflexus, bent or turned back] A reflex as a result of chemical stimulus.
chemosensory
adj. [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; L. sensus, sense] Being sensitive to chemical stimuli; see chemoreceptor.
chemosynthesis
n. [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; synthesis, composition] 1. Synthesis of organic chemical compounds in organisms. 2. A type of autotrophic nutrition through which ...
chemotaxis
n.; pl. -taxes [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; taxis, arrangement] Movement of a motile organism or cell in response to chemical stimulus. a. Positive chemotaxis: movement ...
chemotropism
n. [Gr. chemo, pert. chemistry; trope, turn] Reaction induced by a chemical stimulus; see tropism.
chevron
n. [Gr. chevron, rafter] (ANNELIDA: Polychaeta) A V-shaped black, chitinous jaw piece at the base of the eversible pharynx of some Glyceridae.
chevron groove
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A V-shaped furrow on the cardinal area for ligament insertion.
chiasma
n.; pl. -mata [Gr. chiasma, cross] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A crossing of nerves in the nerve center. a. External (outer): a crossover between the lamina ganglionaris and ...
chiasmatype theory
A Genetic theory postulating chiasmata are the result of crossing-over; being formed at the right points at which the exchange between (non-sister) chromatids took place.
chiaster
n. [Gr. χ; aster, star] (PORIFERA) A type of microsclere aster with very blunt rays.
chiastoneury
n. [Gr. chiasma, cross; neuron, nerve] (MOLLUSCA) In prosobranchs and a few other taxa, a condition in which the visceral loop is distinctively twisted; crossing of the ...
chilaria
n. pl.; sing. chilarium [Gr. cheilos, lip] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Merostomata, small rudimentary appendages on the reduced 7th (pregenital) metamere of king crabs.
chilidium
n. [Gr. dim. cheilos, lip] (BRACHIOPODA) A plate covering the notothyrium, when present, in the dorsal valve; chilidial plates if more than one; see homeochilidium.
chilognath
n. [Gr. cheilos, lip; gnathos, jaw] (ARTHROPODA: Diplopoda) Fusion of the first maxillae into a lower lip or gnathochilarium.
Chilopoda
См. chilopods.
chilopods
n.; n. pl. [Gr. cheilos, lip; pous, foot] A group of terrestrial arthropods, commonly called centipedes, characterized by having numerous trunk segments, each with a single ...
chiloscleres
n. [Gr. cheilos, lip; skleros, tough] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Dark brown spots, on either side of the labrum in certain ant larvae.
chimaera
n.; pl. -ras [Gr. chimaira, she-goat] An individual with a mixture of tissues, genetically different in constitution; see gynandromorph.
chimera
См. chimaera.
chimney
n. [Gr. kaminos, fireplace] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A tube formed of agglutinized particles derived from boring, extending over the posterior end of the shell and sometimes ...
chimopelagic
adj. [Gr. cheimon, winter; pelagos, sea] Certain deep-sea organisms that appear at the surface only in winter.
chink
n. [A.S. cinu, chink or crack] 1. A long and narrow cleft, crack or slit. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) The margin of the columella in Lacuna; umbilical chink.
chironym
См. cheironym.
chirotype
n. [Gr. cheir, hand; typos, type] The type specimen designated in a manuscript as the " chironym" that becomes valid upon publication.
chisels
see lacinia.
chitin
n. [Gr. chiton, tunic] A linear polysaccharide that consists predominately, or perhaps entirely, of -linked -acetyl- D-glucosamine residues found in the exoskeleton of ...
chitinase
n. [Gr. chiton, tunic; -asis, denoting enzymes] An enzyme, or family of enzymes capable of decomposing chitin; found in molting fluid and as a secretion from chitinovores. ...
chitinization
n. [Gr. chiton, tunic; izein, cause to be] The process of depositing chitin, or being chitinized; chitinized adj..
chitinogenous
adj. [Gr. chiton, tunic; gennaein, to produce] (ARTHROPODA) Pertaining to epidermal cells that secrete the chitin.
chitinophilus
adj. [Gr. chiton, tunic; philos, loving] Pertaining to micro-organisms found in association with chitin and thought to derive nourishment from it; see chitinovore.
chitinous
adj. [Gr. chiton, tunic] (ARTHROPODA) Composed of or resembling chitin, a colorless, hard amorphous compound; seen as the principal constituent of the hard covering of ...
chitinous cradle
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Chitinized arms or bars that form the endoskeleton of the head of scale insects.
chitinovore
n. [Gr. chiton, tunic; L. vorare, to devour] A micro- organism with the ability to digest chitin; see chitinophilus.
chitonostracum
n. [Gr. chiton, tunic; ostrakon, shell] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, the thickest layer of the cuticle between epiostracum and hypodermis; see ectostracum.
chitosan
n. [Gr. chiton, tunic] A deacetylated derivative of chitin (polymeric glucosamine) that gives a characteristic violet color with iodine; the most commonly used qualitative ...
chitose
n. [Gr. chiton, tunic] A decomposition product of chitin; an acetyglucosamine and glucosamine salt.
chlamydate
См. chlamydeous.
chlamydeous
adj. [Gr. chlamys, mantle] Bearing a cloak or mantle-like structure.
chloragen cells
(SIPUNCULA) Yellow-brown cells on the peritoneal surfaces, especially the intestine; see chloragogen cells.
chloragocyte
n. [Gr. chloros, yellow-green; -agogue, that which stimulates; kytos, container] A chloragogen cell.
chloragogen cells
(ANNELIDA) Yellowish-brown or greenish cells that surround the intestine of annelids that function in intermediary metabolism, similar to the role of the liver in ...
chloragosomes
n. pl. [Gr. chloros, yellow-green; -agogue, that which stimulates; soma, body] Yellowish-brown or greenish globules formed in chloragogen cells.
chlorocruorin
n. [Gr. chloros, yellow-green; L. cruor, blood] (ANNELIDA: Polychaeta) A green respiratory pigment found in the blood; an iron porphyrin, differing from hemoglobin in one ...
chlorogog
see chloragogen cells.
chlorogogue
see chloragogen cells.
chlorophyll
n. [Gr. chloros, yellow-green; phyllon, leaf] The green pigment of plants and certain protozoa and bacteria, involved in photosynthesis.
choana
n.; pl. -ae [Gr. choane, funnel] Funnel-shaped.
choanocyte
n. [Gr. choane, funnel; kytos, container] (PORIFERA) A flagellate cell crowned by a collar of cytoplasmic tentacles that generates currents of water; a collar cell.
choanocyte chamber
(PORIFERA) A cavity enclosed by a group of choanocytes.
choanoderm
n. [Gr. choane, funnel; derma, skin] (PORIFERA) Any surface that is lined by choanocytes.
choanosome
n. [Gr. choane, funnel; soma, body] (PORIFERA) That area of the body that houses choanocyte chambers.
chondrioconts
n. pl. [Gr. chondros, grain; kontos, punting pole] Tubular and vesicular interior structures of mitochondria.
chondriodieresis
n. [Gr. chondros, grain; dieres, double] Alterations in mitochondria during cell division.
chondriokinesis
n. [Gr. chondros, grain; kinesis, movement] Reproduction of mitochondria and their distribution in mitosis and meiosis.
chondriolysis
n. [Gr. chondros, grain; lysein, to loosen] The disintegration of mitochondria.
chondrioma
n. [Gr. chondros, grain; -ome, group] The total mitochondrion content of a cell.
chondriome
См. chondrioma.
chondriosome
n. [Gr. chondros, grain; soma, body] The mitochondria.
chondrocyst
n. [Gr. chondros, grain; kystis, bladder] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Turbellaria) Rhabdite of somewhat granular texture in land planarians.
chondroid
adj. [Gr. chondros, cartilage; eidos, shape] Resembling cartilage.
chondrophore
n. [Gr. chondros, cartilage; pherein, to bear] 1. (CNIDARIA: Hydrozoa) A disc-like colony of floating hydroids of the order Chondrophora; a chrondrophoran. 2. (MOLLUSCA: ...
chone
n. [Gr. choane, funnel] (PORIFERA) A canal that penetrates the cortex into which the dermal pores generally open.
chord
См. chorda.
chord of the wing
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of a wing.
chorda
n. [L. chorda, string] A cord, nerve or filament.
chordal
adj..
chordotonal organ
Subcuticular sense organs of insects and perhaps nematodes that consist of one to several hundred chordotonal sensilla (scolopidia); attached to the cuticle that function as ...
chore
n. [Gr. choros, place] An area in which geographical or environmental conditions are in harmony; see biochore, biotype.
chorion
n. [Gr. chorion, membrane enclosing the fetus] The outermost shell or membranous covering of the egg of various invertebrates.
choriothete
n. [Gr. chorion, membrane enclosing the fetus; thete, servant] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A muscular structure of cyclical development that adheres to the chorion of the egg of ...
chorology
n. [Gr. choros, place; logos, discourse] The science dealing with the geographical distribution of organisms; zoogeography.
choronomic
adj. [Gr. choros, place; nomos, place or condition for living] The external influences effecting animals, such as geographical or regional environment; see autonomic.
chorotype
n. [Gr. choros, place; typos, type] A local type.
chroma
n. [Gr. chroma, color] The hue and saturation of a color, i.e., red, green, brown, etc., as opposed to black, white and gray.
chromaffin
adj. [Gr. chroma, color; L. affinis, related to] Staining strongly with chromium salts; also called chromophil; chromophile.
chromaphil
see chromaffin
chromaphilic
adj. [Gr. chroma, color; philos, loving] Staining readily, as certain cells; see chromophobe cells.
chromasia
См. chromasie .
chromasie
suff. [Gr. chroma, color] Condition of pigmentation or of staining, as in achromasia, polychromasia.
chromatic
adj. [Gr. chroma, color] Capable of being stained by coloring agents.
chromatic body
see chromatoid body.
chromatid
n. [Gr. chroma, color] One of two spiral filaments that make up a chromosome, and separate in cell division, each going to a different pole of the dividing cell and each ...
chromatin
n. [Gr. chroma, color] The more readily stainable substance in the cell nucleus; karyotin; see euchromatin, heterochromatin.
chromatin body
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A special rDNA containing body in the oocyte nucleus during early oogenesis of dytiscid water beetles; body of Giardini.
chromatocyte
see chromocytes.
chromatogen organ
see axial gland.
chromatography
n. [Gr. chroma, color; graphien, to draw] An analytical method of chemical analysis based on the selective absorption of inorganic or organic compounds through a porous ...
chromatoid body
A body containing ribonucleoprotein material found near the nucleus during certain stages of spermatogenesis.

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