Слова на букву capi-clyp (732) Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
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Слова на букву capi-clyp (732)

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chromatoid grains
In cell protoplasm, granules that stain similarly to chromatin.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; lysein, to loosen] The solution and breaking up of chromatin; chromatolytic adj..
n. [Gr. chroma, color; phoreus, bearer] A single highly branched cell or synctia containing pigment granules that may disperse in the branches or concentrate in the center ...
n. [Gr. chroma, color; trope, turn] A taxis in response to stimulation by a particular color.
n.; pl. -midia [Gr. dim. chroma, color] Any of the basophilic fibrils in the cytoplasm that are composed of RNA-containing parts and RNA-free parts.
n. pl. [Gr. dim. chroma, color] The minute granules of which a chromomere is composed.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; blastos, bud] An embryonic cell that develops into a pigment cell.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; kentron, center] A granule of heterochromatin, whose numbers vary in the interphase nuclei.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; kytos, container] 1. Pigmented cells. 2. (PORIFERA) Pigmented amoebocytes contained in the mesogloea.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; genos, birth] A colorless substance that is the precursor of a pigment.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; genesis, beginning] Color production.
n. pl. [Gr. chroma, color; lipos, fat] The carotenoids and related pigments.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; meros, part] One of the bead-like concentrations of chromatin found along the length of a chromosome.
n.; pl. -nemata [Gr. chroma, color; nema, thread] The smallest light microscopic strand in chromosomes and chromatids.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; philos, loving] 1. Chromaffin. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A blood cell, intermediate or transitional between prohemocytes, plasmatocytes and possibly ...
См. chromaphilic.
chromophobe cells
Cells that do not absorb stains readily; see chromophilic.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; phorein, to bear] A group of atoms to whose presence definite color in a compound are attributed, and when combined with certain salt-forming groups ...
n. [Gr. chroma, color; proteios, primary] A compound protein that contains a pigment, as in hemoglobin of higher animals and hemocyanin of lower animals.
chromosomal aberration
see chromosome aberration.
chromosomal inversion
Reversal of the linear order of the genes in a segment of a chromosome.
chromosomal vesicle
see karyomere.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; soma, body] One of the deeply staining DNA-containing bodies in the nucleus of the cell that carries genetic information arranged in a linear ...
chromosome aberration
In a broad sense, all types of changes in chromosome structure and chromosome number.
chromosome complement
The group of chromosomes derived from a particular gametic or zygotic nucleus, composed of one, two or more chromosome sets; karyotype.
chromosome diminution
In embryogenesis, the elimination of certain chromosomes from cells that form somatic tissue.
chromosome map
The graphic representation showing the position of genes belonging to a particular linkage group.
chromosome mutation
A structural change in chromosome segments involving gain, loss or relocation.
n. [Gr. chroma, color; soma, body] A nonhistone chromosomal protein.
adj. [Gr. chroma, color; trope, turn] Controlling pigmentation.
adj. [Gr. chronos, time] Of long duration; not acute.
n. [Gr. chronos, time; klinein, to slant] A morphological character gradient in the time dimension.
adj. [Gr. chronos, time; trope, turn] Affecting the rate of action, as accelerating or inhibiting.
n.; pl. chrysalises, chrysalides [Gr. chrysos, gold] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The pupa, especially of a butterfly with complete metamorphosis; an obtect pupa.
См. chrysalid.
adj. [Gr. chrysos, gold; eidos, like] Like a chrysalis; golden.
n. [Gr. chrysos, gold; syn, together; philios, loving] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Friendly relations between ants and lepidopterous larvae.
n. [Gr. chylos, juice] Partially digested nutrients in the alimentary canal.
chyle stomach
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The ventriculus.
chylific ventricle
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The midgut.
cibarial armature
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain female Culicidae, a series of specialized spicules (cibarial teeth and spicular ridges on the cibarial ridge).
cibarial bar
see cibarial crest.
cibarial crest
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain female Culicidae, a transverse ridge at the ventral posterior margin of the cibarium supporting the cibarial teeth; cibarial bar.
cibarial dome
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain Diptera, a dome shaped spiculate structure protruding at the posterior margin of the cibarium; see clypeopalatum.
cibarial pump
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The sucking pump; in Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera, combined with a pharyngeal pump.
cibarial ridge
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain female Culicidae, one of a series of short spiculate ridges posterior to the cibarial crest; part of the cibarial armature.
cibarial seta
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) One of several types of setae borne within the cibarium of some female Culicidae; dorsal, palatal and ventral setae; cibarial sensillum.
cibarial teeth
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In some female Culicidae, a series of spicules, cones, and or rods borne on the cibarial crest on the ventral posterior margin of the cibarium.
n. [L. cibarius, pert. food] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) That part of the pre-oral cavity enclosed by the hypopharynx and the clypeus; the sucking pump in Hemiptera; see ...
n. [L. cibarius, pert. food; via, road] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The sucking tube, food channel or food canal of sucking insects.
n.; pl. cicatrices [L. cicatrix, scar] 1. A scar or scarlike marking. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Large, pore-like structures of giant scale insects, often appearing on the body ...
n. pl.; sing. cilium [L. cilium, eyelid] Vibratile hair-like processes on the surface of a cell or organ, shorter and more numerous than flagella; ciliary adj..
ciliary feeding
Feeding accomplished by ciliary action in conjunction with a flow of water.
ciliary loop
(CHAETOGNATHA) A delicate epidermal structure of two concentric rings of cells on the dorsal surface of the head and neck, sometimes extending onto the trunk, and possibly ...
adj. [L. cilium, eyelid] Provided with cilia; edged with parallel hairs; fringed; having minute hairs.
ciliated funnels
(ECHIURA) Small, ciliated cup- or funnel-shaped structures attached to the outer surface of the anal vesicles.
ciliated groove
1. (ECHIURA) A ciliated channel along the ventral surface of the mid-intestine to the precloacal caecum; occasionally forming a ridge and closely associated with the ...
adj. [L. dim. cilium, eyelid; gradus, step] Movement by means of cilia.
adj. [L. dim. cilium, eyelid] Minutely ciliated.
n.; pl. ciliola [L. dim. cilium, eyelid] A minute or secondary cilium.
sing. of cilia.
n. [Sp. cim(a), peak] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The head crest of the pierid butterfly chrysalis.
n. pl.; sing. cinclis [Gr. kinklis, latticed gate] (CNIDARIA: Anthozoa) In Actinaria, permanent or temporary perforations of the columnar body wall that permit the ...
adj. [L. cinctum, girdle] Belted, girdled or encircled.
adj. [L. cinereus, ash colored] Ash-gray, ashen, or having the color of wood ashes.
n. [L. cingulum, girdle] 1. Any band or girdle-like structure. 2. (ANNELIDA) The clitellum. 3. (MOLLUSCA) The colored bands or spiral ornamentation on certain univalve ...
About the equator; around or near the middle.
adj. [L. circum, about; dies, day] Pertaining to a metabolic or behavorial phenomena in living organisms at about twenty-four hour intervals; circadian rhythm; diurnal ...
adj. [Gr. kerkos, circle] Ring-shaped; spirally rolled.
n. [Gr. kerkos, circle] A small circle; a ring.
n. [Gr. kerkos, circle; mys, muscle] A muscle cell in which contractile fibrils completely surround the sarcoplasm; see platymyarian, coelomyarian.
circular muscle layer
1. The outermost muscular layer. 2. (BRYOZOA: Phylactolaemata) In the body, the outer of the two thin muscle layers, between the peritoneum and the epithelium. 3. ...
circular overlap
The phenomena in which a chain of contiguous and intergrading populations of one species curves back until the terminal links overlap geographically and are then found to be ...
circular plate
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Syrphidae larvae, a weakly sclerotized refractive area on the dorsal inner sector of the posterior spiracular plate; however, in saprophytic forms a ...
n. [L. circulare, to make round] In higher invertebrate forms, movement of blood within definite channels in the body; in other forms, movement of blood in the body cavity ...
circulatory system
The cardiovascular system; the heart and blood vessels. a. Closed system: the blood is confined to tubes throughout its entire course. b. Open system: the blood leaves the ...
n.; pl. circuli [L. circulus, ring] 1. Any ring-like arrangement, i.e., the branching of small blood vessels. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In scale insects, a glandular ...
adj. [L. circum, around; anus, anus] About or surrounding the anus.
circumapical band
(ROTIFERA) The second division of the corona that encircles the margin of the head; see buccal field.
adj. [L. circum, around; Gr. boreas, north wind] Pertaining to the north, i.e., distribution around the boreal region.
circumcapitular furrow
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In Acari, the furrow around the base of the gnathosoma.
adj. [L. circum, around; columella, pillar] Surrounding a columella.
circumenteric ring
(NEMATA) A commissural nerve ring that encircles the esophagus (pharynx).
См. circumoesophageal.
circumesophageal commissure
The major commissure of the nervous system of many invertebrates to which and from which ramify anteriorly and posteriorly directed nerves and nerve cords; sometimes called ...
circumesophageal connectives
The nerve strand connectives on each side of the esophagus connecting the superesophageal ganglia and subesophageal ganglia of arthropods, annelids and brachiopods; ...
adj. [L. circum, around; fenestra, window] (NEMATA) In Heterodera spp., in which a vulval bridge across the vulval cone is not present, producing only a single opening; ...
adj. [L. circum, around; ferre, to bear] Of or pertaining to the circumference; encompassing; encircling.
circumferential canal
see ring canal.
n.; pl. circumfila [L. circum, around; filum, thread] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In dipteran Cecidomyid, antennal joints bearing elaborately looped or wreathed, thinwalled ...
adj. [L. circum, around; flexibilis, bendable] Bent or winding, esp. blood vessels or nerves.
adj. [L. circum, around; gignere, to beget] 1. Surrounding the genital pore. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In scale insects, groups of small circular glands with an excretory ...
adj. [L. circum, around; oculus, eye] Around or surrounding the eye.
circumocular sulcus
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A commonly occurring groove that strengthens the rim of the eye; may develop into a deep flange protecting the inner side of the eye.
adj. [L. circum, around; Gr. oisophagos, gullet] Structures or organs encircling the esophagus.
adj. [L. circum, around; os, mouth] Encircling the mouth.
adj. [L. circum, around; pes, foot] Surrounding the base of a leg.
circumpharyngeal commissures
(connectives) (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) The two parts of the nerve collar surrounding the esophagus and linking the ventral nerve cord with the cerebral ganglia.
adj. [L. circum, around; scindere, to cut] Splitting along a circular line, as in hatching.
adj. [L. circum, around; septum, partition] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to a wing being encircled by a vein.
n. [L. circum, around; vertere, to turn] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, the rotation of the postabdomen during imaginal development.
n. [L. circum, around; volvere, to turn around] Around an axis or center; a whorl; rotation; revolution.
cirral ossicles
(ECHINODERMATA: Crinoidea) Pertaining to the small ossicles of a cirrus of sea lilies.
adj. [L. cirrus, curl] Having curls or cirri.
cirrate antenna
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An antenna with very long curved lateral branches, with or without fringes of hair; a pectinate antenna; see plumose.
pl. of cirrus.
adj. [L. cirrus, curl; ferre, to bear] Bearing a curl or tendril.
n. [L. cirrus, curl; Gr. phorein, to bear] (ANNELIDA: Polychaeta) The basal section of a cirrus.
См. cirrous.
n. [L. cirrus, curl; Gr. stylos, pillar] (ANNELIDA: Polychaeta) The distal section of a cirrus.
adj. [L. cirrus, curl] Bearing tendrils or cirri.
n.; pl. cirri [L. cirrus, curl] 1. Any slender, usually flexible structure or appendage. 2. Has been used for hair on appendages of insects and male copulatory organs in ...
cirrus acuum
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A rounded sclerotized form of cornuti of male Lepidoptera, often bearing dense spinehairs.
cirrus pouch or sac
Pouch or sac containing the copulatory organ (cirrus) of various invertebrates.
n. pl. [L. cisterna, underground reservoir for water] Any of various flattened, membranous, fluid-filled vesicles.
n. [Gr. kiste, box] The functional gene; the section of a DNA molecule that specifies the formation of a particular polypeptide chain.
adj. [L. citrus, citron-tree] Lemon-yellow in color.
citron shaped
Having the form of a large lemon.
См. clads.
n. [Gr. klados, branch] A method by which organisms are ordered and ranked entirely on the basis of the most recent branching point of the inferred phylogeny; cladistic ...
adj. [Gr. klados, branch; keras, horn] Having branched horns or antennae.
n. [Gr. klados, branch; genesis, beginning] Branching evolution; the splitting of species, i.e., speciation; see anagenesis.
n. [Gr. klados, branch; gramma, picture] A dendrogram based on the principles of cladism; a strictly genealogical dendrogram, ignoring rates of evolutionary divergence.
n. [Gr. klados, branch] (PORIFERA) The three short rays or cladi of a tetraxon spicule.
adj. [Gr. klados, branch; tylos, knob] (PORIFERA) In diactinal monaxons, a tylote having somewhat recurved clads at each end.
n. pl. [Gr. klados, branch] (PORIFERA) The three shorter rays of a tetraxon spicule, that may be forked or branched at their free ends.
n.; pl. cladi [Gr. klados, branch] (PORIFERA) Smaller branch of a tetraxon spicule; cladose adj..
n. [D. klamp] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Trematoda) A complex set of sclerotized bars, forming a pinching organ on the opisthaptor of a monogenetic trematode.
clandestine evolution
Evolutionary change introduced and developed in juvenile stages and incorporated into descendant adult stages by paedomorphosis.
Claparede organs
see urstigmata.
clasp filament
see dististylus.
n. [ME. claspen, to embrace] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) An appendage, including antenna, modified for holding of female during copulation; or an organ for fixation in ...
see harpagones.
clasping apparatus
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A movable, heavily sclerotized sclerite of male ostracods, that articulates with the midportion of the peniferum in a socket near the ventral cardo ...
n. [L. classis, division] A taxonomic group used in classification of organisms into which a phylum or division is divided, and which in turn is subdivided into orders.
classical taxonomy
A taxonomic method incorporating the uses of morphological, serological, and biochemical data in classifying, describing and naming of organisms; see taxonomy.
n. [L. classis, division; -fic, make] The process of delimitation, ordering, and ranking taxa (populations and groups of populations) at all levels by inductive procedures.
См. clathrose.
adj. [L. clathratus, latticed] 1. Divided like latticework. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) Shells having ornamentation of spiral and transverse components that intersect to ...
n. [L. claudere, to close] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) In Clausiliidae, a calcareous closing device that effectively seals the apertural lamellation; collectively called ...
См. claucilium.
n. [L. claustrum, bar] 1. A bolt or bar. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Any structure uniting wings in flight, i.e., hooks, thickened margins, or a jugum. 3. (CNIDARIA: ...
n.; pl. clavae [L. clava, club] 1. Any club-shaped structure. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) The ventral mouth part of ticks. 3. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The terminal enlarged ...
claval furrow
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A flexion line of the wings found just behind the posterior cubital vein; cubito-anal fold.
claval suture
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hemiptera, the suture of the front wing separating the clavus from the corium.
claval vein
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A vein in the clavus.
adj. [L. clava, club] Enlarged at the tip; club shaped.
n. [L. dim. clavis, key] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A buttress for support of the chondrophore.
n. [L. dim. clavis, key] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Coxa of an anterior leg.
clavicular lobe
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Homoptera, that portion of the hind wing behind the anal veins.
adj. [L. clava, club; forma, shape] Club-shaped; clavate.
n. [L. dim. clava, club] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The antenna beyond the second segment; flagellum.
n. [L. dim. clava, club] 1. (ECHINODERMATA: Echinoidea) In Spatangoida, a minute ciliated spine on the test. 2. (PORIFERA) A modified triaxonal spicule with a disk or ...
see frenulum.
n. [L. clavis, key] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) 1. The oblong or triangular anal portion of the fore wing of certain hemipteran and homopteran insects. 2. Rounded, peaked or ...
n. [A.S. clawu, claw] Any sharp structure terminating an animal limb that is adapted for clawing or clutching; unguis; apotele; see chela.
claw teeth
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) The teeth, varying in numbers, lining the curve of the true claws.
claw tufts
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) The pair of dense tufts of adhesive hairs present below the paired claws at the tip of the tarsi of many spiders.
clear-zone eye
see superposition eye.
n. [A.S. cleophian, split] The process by which the division of the egg cell gives rise to all the cells of the organism.
cleavage cells
The cells formed during cleavage; a blastomere.
cleavage nucleus
1. The nucleus of a fertilized egg cell or zygote. 2. The nucleus of egg cells that develop parthenogenetically.
adj. [A.S. cleofian, split] Split or forked.
adj. [Gr. kleis, bar; oion, egg] Pertaining to an egg enclosed within a shell or membrane that is permeable only to gasses.
n. [Gr. klema, shoot, twig] (PORIFERA) In megascleres, an uncinate spicule.
n. [Gr. kleptein, to steal; biosis, manner of life] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A form of symbiosis in which one species robs the food stores, feeds on refuse piles, or in other ...
n. [Gr. kleptein, to steal; parasitos, one who eats at the table of another] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hymenoptera, a parasitic relationship in which a female seeks out prey or ...
climatic isolation
Prevention of interbreeding between two or more populations because of differential preferences in climatic conditions; see geographical isolation/barriers.
n. [Gr. klimax, ladder] 1. A stage in the community of organisms that have reached equilibrium with existing environmental conditions; arrives at the final stage in the ...
n. [Gr. klima, slope; graphein, to write] A diagram on which localities are represented by the annual cycle of temperature and rainfall.
adj. [Gr. klinein, to slope] The gradual varying of characteristics.
n. [Gr. klinein, to slope] A change in population characteristics over a geographical area, usually related to a corresponding environmental change; geocline.
clinology n.
[Gr. klinein, to slope; logos, discourse] The study of the retrogression or decline of organisms after maturity, or after their phylogenetic apex as a group.
adj. [Gr. kleistos, enclosed; gaster, belly] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hymenoptera, having a petiolated abdomen.
adj. [L. clitellae, pack saddle] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Having a clitellum; the age or stage during which the earthworm has a clitellum.
n. [L. clitellae, pack saddle] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) A glandular annular swelling of the epidermis; the gland cells that secrete material to form a cocoon; cingulum. ...
n.; pl. clithra [Gr. clithros, bar] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) One of a pair of sclerotic rings of the epipharynx, that separates the corypha and the paria of certain ...
n.; pl. -cae [L. cloaca, canal] The terminal portion of the digestive tract in various invertebrates that functions as a digestive, excretory and reproductive duct; cloacal ...
cloacal aperture
The external opening of the cloaca; the vent.
cloacal cavity
see spongocoel.
cloacal passage
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A passage in exhalant mantle chamber that serves as a cloaca.
cloacal tubus
see tubus.
n. [Gr. klon, twig] 1. All the descendants derived by asexual reproduction from a single sexually produced individual. 2. (PORIFERA) A ray-like arm; a desma.
n. [Gr. klon, twig; typos, type] 1. An asexually propagated specimen from a part of a type specimen or holotype. 2. The phenotype or homogenous product of cloning.
n. [Gr. klonos, violent confused motion] Muscle contractions interspersed with relaxation in rapid succession; incomplete tetanus.
adj. [L. claudere, to close] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Pertaining to pelecypods, the shells of which do not gape.
closed cell
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A wing cell completely surrounded by veins, and not reaching the wing margin.
closing apparatus of a spiracle
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) One or two movable valves in the spiracular opening or internal constriction closing off the atrium from the trachea.
closing band
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A soft, convex valvular fold of the inner closing mechanism of a spiracle.
closing bow
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A crescentric or semicircular elastic bar functioning as the inner closing mechanism of a spiracle.
club shaped
see clavate.
adj. [ON. klubba, club] Having the distal part or segment enlarged.
n. [A.S. clyster, cluster] Collecting together for such purposes as prior to mating or hibernation, low temperatures, etc.; agminate.
adj. [L. clypeus, shield] Of or pertaining to the clypeus.
clypeal fovea
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Ichneumonid Hymenoptera, one of two anterior tentorial pits, appearing as a shallow impression in the groove between the clypeus and face.
clypeal phragma
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, a flat apodeme extending from the exposed part of the clypeus to the lateral margin of the cibarium.
adj. [L. clypeus, shield] Shaped like a shield; having a clypeus; scutate; peltate; escutcheon.
clypeate head
См. clypeatus head.
clypeatus head
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to a flattish head, with broad flat margins in the clypeus and front.
adj. [L. clypeus, shield] Clypeate.
clypeolabral suture
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The suture between the clypeus and the labrum; clypeolabral adj..

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