Слова на букву clyp-cycl (732) Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
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n. [ME. crawe] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The crop.
n. [ON. krafla, to paw] 1. One that crawls. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The first instar nymph of coccids, bearing legs and antennae. 3. (ANNELIDA) An annelid.
n. [Gr. kremastos, hung] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) 1. The terminal abdominal segment of a pupa. 2. In a subterranean pupa, a terminal spine. 3. The hooked caudal ...
n.; pl. crenae [L. crena, notch] A notch, cleft or indentation.
adj. [L. crena, notch] Having a scalloped or toothed margin; indented; notched.
n. [L. crena, notch] 1. One of a series of rounded projections forming the edge of an object or structure. 2. (NEMATA) Used to describe the outer lines of the lateral ...
n. [L. crena, notch] A rounded projection; the indentation as between crenations.
adj. [L. dim. crena, notch] Finely notched or scalloped; plicate; annulet.
n. [L. crepera, dark] A ray of paler color on a dark background.
crepidal punctures
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Scarabaeoidea beetles, a group of microsensilla located anterior to the crepis.
n.; pl. crepides [Gr. krepis, base] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Scarabaeoidea larvae, a thinly sclerotized, anteriorly concave, median cross bar of the haptolachus, ...
n.; pl. -la [L. crepitaculum, rattle] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A stridulating organ.
n. [L. crepitans, rattling] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The discharge of fluid with an audible explosion, used by certain beetles as a defense mechanism.
adj. [L. crepusculum, dusk] Activity in dim illumination of shade or twilight; see nocturnal.
n. [L. crescere, to grow] Crescent-shaped; sickleshaped; crescentic, crescentiform adj..
n. [L. crista, crest] A ridge or linear prominence on any part of the head or body; see cristate, carinate.
adj. [L. dim. cribrum, sieve] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A term used to describe the irregular woven silk webs of certain spiders due to the action of the colulus on the ...
n. [L. cribrum, sieve] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In spiders, a sieve-like, transverse plate, usually divided by a delicate keel into two equal parts, located in front ...
cribrate colony
(BRYOZOA: Stenolaemata) A sheetlike or frondose colony with flattened, anastomosing branches separated by fenestrules.
adj. [L. cribrum, sieve; forma, shape] Sieve-like; cribrose.
cribriform organ
(ECHINODERMATA: Asteroidea) Rows of small, webbed, flattened fringing spines forming enclosed passages for water transport from the marginal plates across the oral surface ...
cribriform plates
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Cuticular pitted or sievelike plates of certain scale insects, located on the dorsal surface of the abdomen.
n. [L. cribrum, sieve; Gr. morphe, form] (BRYOZOA: Gymnolaemata) Autozooids bearing costal shields composed completely, or in part, of spines fused medially, and most ...
n. [L. cribrum, sieve; porus, passage] (PORIFERA) 1. A specialized exhalant structure of sponges where several exhalant systems combine to empty into a subsurface cavity. 2. ...
see cribriform.
adj. [L. crinitus, hairy] Having hair or hair-like growths.
see Crinozoa.
n., n. pl. [Gr. krinon, lily; zoion, animal] A subphylum of echinoderms that includes all the stalked and most primitive living forms; formerly known as Pelmatozoa, which is ...
n. [L. crinis, hair] A network formed in cytoplasm by basophil substances that react to vital staining.
adj. [L. crinis, hair] Hairy.
См. crinoids.
adj. [L. crispus, curly] Having a wrinkled or fluted margin; ruffled; irregularly twisted.
Pertaining to passage of sex-linked traits from parents to offsping of the opposite sex.
n.; pl. -tae [L. crista, crest] 1. A ridge or crest; see cristae. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) A long narrow strip with long hairs divided into sections by cells lacking ...
crista acoustica
См. crista acustica.
crista acustica
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A chordotonal organ of the fore tibia of certain Orthoptera, that contain a series of scolopidia; organ of Siebold.
crista dentata
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, a toothed crest on the ischium of the third maxilliped.
crista metopica
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) The propodosomal plate of adult prostigmated mites.
n. pl., sing. crista [L. crista, crest] Shelflike inner folds of membrane in a mitochondrion composed of a middle double layer of phospholipid molecules with a layer of ...
adj. [L. crista, crest] Having a prominent carina or crest; cristiform.
see cristate.
adj. [L. dim. crista, crest] Having a small crescent-like ridge or crest.
critical group
A taxonomic group of organisms that cannot be subdivided into smaller groups.
adj. [Gr. krokotos, saffron-yellow] Of the saffron-yellow color.
n. [F. crochet, small hook] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Lepidoptera and on other insect larvae, one of a series of sclerotized hooklike cuticular structures, in rows or ...
n. [ON. krokr, crook] A hook; recurved tip; bend or curve.
n. [A.S. crop, craw] An enlarged portion in the alimentary canal in certain invertebrates functioning in storage or transporting and passing on to the digestive tract; the ...
crop caeca
(ANNELIDA: Hirudinoidea) Segmental pouches or diverticula of the crop.
n. [OF. crois, cross] An organism produced by two differing forms; hybrid.
cross section
A cut of an organism or structure at right angles to the longitudinal axis; a transverse cut.
cross veins
Any vein connecting adjacent longitudinal veins.
The union of gametes from different individuals; allogamy; allomixis; xenogamy; see self-fertilization.
The reaction of an effector on one side of the body to stimulation of a receptor on the opposite side.
In striped and cardiac muscle fibers, dark bands running across a fiber perpendicular to the myofibrils and representing lines of A-bands.
crossed-lamellar shell
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) A shell structure with secondary lamellae inclined in alternate directions within the primary lamellae.
crossing over
The exchange of corresponding portions of homologous chromosomes during synapsis.
n. [F. crochet, small hook] 1. A hooked or forklike process. 2. (ANNELIDA) A curved seta (chaeta), notched at the distal ends. 3. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) see crochet.
n. [L. corona, crown] 1. A circular structure at or near the summit of an organ or part. 2. A corona. 3. (ECHINODERMATA: Crinoidea) The whole crinoid without stem; ...
adj. [L. crux, cross] Crossing; shaped like a cross.
adj. [L. crux, cross; forma, shape] Resembling a cross; cross-shaped.
cruciform muscles
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Two bundles of muscle fibers joining valves and intersecting to form a cross.
n. [L. crumena, purse] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An internal pouch in the head for retraction of mandibular and maxillary bristles.
n. pl.; sing. crus [L. crus, leg] 1. Any leg-like part. 2. (BRACHIOPODA) A pair of prongs (brachidium) extending from the cardinalia or septum to support the lophophore. ...
crura cerebri
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The two large nerve cords connecting the supra- and subesophageal ganglia.
crural plates
(BRACHIOPODA) Vertical plates that attach the crura to the dorsal valve.
crural process
(BRACHIOPODA) The pointed portion of the crus, directed obliquely inwardly and ventrally.
n. [L. crus, leg] (BRACHIOPODA) A U-shaped ridge of the brachial valve that bears adductor muscles.
sing. of crura.
См. crustaceans.
n.; n. pl. [L. crusta, shell] One of the divisions of arthropods, having chitin-encased bodies that may or may not be impregnated with calcium salts; contains the shrimp, ...
see columella.
adj. [Gr. kryos, icy cold; philios, loving] Adapted for living at a low temperature.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden] An aspect of the appearance of organisms whereby they avoid detection by others; camouflage.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden] A pitlike depression; follicle; cavity; simple gland or tube.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden] 1. Concealing; stillness; silence; death-feigning; protective coloration. 2. A form of polymorphism controlled by recessive genes; crypsis n.
cryptic color
Sematic or protective coloration, designed to blend an animal with its background; see anticryptic color.
cryptic species
A species in which the diagnostic characters are not easily perceived and that do not hybridize under normal conditions; a sibling species.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; bios, life] 1. Living in a concealed or secluded environment. 2. A term used to describe an organism that shows no visible signs of life, with ...
cryptocephalic pupa
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Diptera, a pupal stage after the larval-pupal apolysis in which marked changes of form appear through evagination of the head without molting, then ...
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; kystis, bladder] (BRYOZOA: Gymnolaemata) 1. One of the two basic wall morphologies of bryozoans consisting of wholly interior walls, leaving a ...
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; kystis, bladder] (BRYOZOA) Autozooids of anascan or ascophoran cheilostomates bearing frontal shields (cryptocysts) formed by calcification of the ...
see pseudomonocyclic.
cryptodont shell
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) In some groups of early origin, refers to lack of hinge teeth; see ctenodont shell.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; gaster, stomach] Having the venter or belly covered or concealed; see gymnogastra.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; genos, beginning] Of unknown descent.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; gramma, written character] Method that expresses in a standard code form a collection of data used in classification.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; gyne, female] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In ants, having queens that are indistinguishable from the workers.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; omphalos, navel] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) Having the opening of the umbilicus of a shell completely plugged.
cryptonephridial tubes
Malpighian tubules with distal ends closely associated with the rectum and forming a convoluted layer over its surface.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; neuron, nerve] Having no distinct nervous system.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; oniskos, sowbug] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) An intermediate, planktonic larval stage of epicaridean isopods with pereopods modified as holdfasts, that is ...
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; pente, five; meros, part] Pertaining to 5-jointed feet, with the 4th joint small and inconspicuous; see cryptotetramera.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; pleuron, rib] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A condition in which the pronotum covers a large part of the propleuron.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; rheos, flow] The process of internal secretion.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; solen, channel] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain Coleoptera, the area of attachment of the Malpighian tubules with the hind-gut.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; tetra, four; meros, part] Pertaining to 4-jointed feet with one joint small and inconspicuous; see cryptopentamera.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; thorax, breastplate] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An assumed thoracic ring between the meso- and metathorax.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; toxikon, poison] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to caterpillars that use volatile secretions that are released through an emission tube; see ...
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; zoon, animal] An ecological group of cryptozoic terrestrial animals living in leaf litter, under twigs and pieces of bark and stone.
adj. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; zoon, animal] Living in concealment.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; zoon, animal] A stage of the malarial organism arising from the injected sporozoite that is found living in tissues before entering the blood; a ...
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; zone, girdle] (ECHINODERMATA: Asteroidea) The marginal plates of starfish that are not clearly distinct.
n. [Gr. kryptos, hidden; zoon, animal; logos, discourse] The study of the Cryptozoa.
crystal cell
1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Drosophila larvae, a type of hemocyte (possibly an oenocytoid) that contains tyrosinase. 2. (ECHINODERMATA) Coelomocytes containing rhomboid ...
adj. [Gr. krystallos, rock crystal] Appearing transparent like crystal.
crystalline body
see crystalline cone.
crystalline cone
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The hard, clear intracellular structure of the eucone eye, produced by Semper cells beneath the cornea and bordered laterally by the primary pigment ...
crystalline style
(MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda/Bivalvia) A translucent cylindrical rod in the style sac of the stomach, whirled on its axis by ciliary movement, releasing carbohydrate digesting ...
crystalline tract
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) 1. In beetles with exocone eyes, a strand formed by the Semper cells across the clear zone to the rhabdon. 2. In skipper butterflies and some ditrysian ...
n. [Gr. kteis, comb] (CTENOPHORA) The swimming plate; the row of ctenes is a costa; a comb-rib.
n.; pl. -nida [Gr. dim. kteis, comb] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) a. A series of stout, peg-like spines on the head (genal ctenidium) and first thoracic tergite (pronotal ...
adj. [Gr. kteis, comb; L. forma, shape] Comb-shaped.
n. [Gr. kteis, comb; kystis, bladder] (CTENOPHORA) An aboral sense organ; the apical organ; the balancing organ.
ctenodont shell
(MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) In some groups of early origin having hinges with many teeth transverse to the margin; see cryptodont shell.
adj. [Gr. kteis, comb; eidos, form] Comblike; having a margin of small teeth.
n. [Gr. dim. kteis, comb] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) In some Pectinacea, a comblike row of small teeth on the lower side of the byssal notch.
См. ctenophores.
n., n. pl. [Gr. kteis, comb; phoreus, bearer] A phylum of marine coelenterates commonly called sea walnuts or comb jellies, that are free swimming and biradially ...
n. [Gr. kteis, comb; pous, foot] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) An appendage (cirrus) of barnacles with long paired setae on segments of lesser curvature and a few setae distally ...
adj. [Gr. kteis, comb] Comblike.
n. [Gr. ktetos, that may be had; logos, discourse] That aspect of biology concerned with acquired characters.
adj. [L. cubus, cube] Cube-shaped.
adj. [L. cubitum, elbow] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to the cubitus of a wing.
cubital area
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In a wing, the area between the two branches of the cubitus and is associated proximally with the distal median plate of the wing base.
cubital cell
see cubital area.
cubital forks
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Branching of the cubitus; the primary cubital fork and the secondary cubital fork.
cubital nerve
См. cubital vein.
cubital supplement
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In a wing, the cubitoanal loop being divided longitudinally by a midrib-like vein.
cubital vein
see cubitus.
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In a wing, the cubitus and anal vein.
cubito-anal cross vein
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A cross vein in a wing between the cubitus and an anal vein.
cubito-anal excision
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A notch in the margin of a wing where the anal and preanal areas join.
cubito-anal fold
see claval furrow.
cubito-anal loop
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain Odonata, a loop formed in the anal area between veins A 2 and Cu 2 ; footshaped loop.
n. [L. cubitus, reclined] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The fifth vein of a typical wing; the longitudinal vein posterior to the media vein.
adj. [L. cubus, cube; Gr. eidos, form] Nearly resembling a cube in shape; cuboidal adj..
adj. [L. cucullus, hood] Hooded; having a hood-like structure or mark.
n.; pl. -li [L. cucullus, hood] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) A transverse flap at the anterior edge of the carapace, that completely covers and protects the mouth and ...
adj. [L. cucumis, cucumber] Shaped like a cucumber.
adj. [L. cucumis, cucumber; forma, shape] Having a cucumber-like form.
n. [F. cuiller, spoon] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In male Lepidoptera, a spoon-like ventro-distal process of the clasper.
see alula.
n.; pl. cuirasses [F. cuirasse, leather breastplate] A protective covering, such as cuticle, plates, scales or shells.
n. [L. culmen, summit] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The carina of a caterpillar.
adj. [L. culmus, stalk; colere, to dwell] Living on grasses.
adj. [L. cultellus, knife] Knife-like in appearance.
n.; pl. -li [L. cultellus, knife] 1. A sharp knife-like organ. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) a. The blade-like lancets of certain blood-sucking flies. b. Has been used for ...
adj. [L. cultratus, knife-shaped] Shaped like a pruning knife; cultriform.
n. [L. cultus, cultivated] The cultivation of micro-organisms or tissues in a prepared nutrient media.
n. [L. culus, fundament] The anus.
v.; -lated [L. cumulatus, heap up] To accumulate in groups or heaps.
n.; pl. -li [L. cumulus, heap] An accumulation; a group or heap.
adj. [L. cuneatus, wedge-shaped] Wedge-shaped; cuneiform.
n. [L. cuneus, wedge] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A terminal, more or less triangular segment of the corium of the fore wing. 2. (NEMATA) The ventral arm of the ...
n. [A.S. cuppe, cup] Any structure resembling a cup.
cup shaped
Cupuliform; cyathiform.
cupola organ
see sensillum campaniformium.
adj. [L. cupreus, of copper] Copper colored, coppery.
n.; pl. -ae [L. dim. cupula, tub] (MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) The functional unit of the sensory nerves of the cristae in dibranchiates.
adj. [L. dim. cupula, tub] Cup-shaped; bearing a cupule.
n. [L. dim. cupula, tub] A small sucker or acetabulum of various invertebrates.
adj. [L. cupula, tub; forma, shape] Cup-shaped; cyathiform.
n. pl. [L. curculio, weevil] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) U- or C-shaped larvae with a distinct head, robust body and lacking legs; adults with chewing mouthparts at the end of a ...
n. pl. [L. cursor, runner; pes, foot] (ARTHROPODA: Chilopoda) In the order Lithobiida, ambulatory legs of the first to 13 pairs used for locomotion.
n. [L. cursorius, of running] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An orthopteran group of insects with legs well formed for rapid movement.
adj. [L. cursorius, of running] Fitted or adapted for running.
adj. [L. curvatus, bend] Curved.
adj. [L. curvus, bent; nervus, nerve] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Having wing veins distinctly curved.
n. [L. cuspis, point] A prominence or point, esp. on the crown of a tooth; a denticle; cuspate, cuspidal adj..
adj. [L. cuspidatus, pointed] Terminating in a sharp point, as bristles or mollusk shells.
cuspidoblast cells
(MOLLUSCA) Special cells that secrete teeth.
n. [L. cuspis, point] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Hymenoptera, an immovable process projecting from the free distal end of the volsellar plate; see digitus.
adj. [L. custodis, guardian] Guarded, as an enclosed larva.
adj. [L. cutis, skin] Pertaining to or of the nature of skin.
См. cuticula.
n. [L. dim. cutis, skin] The noncellular external layer of the body wall of various invertebrates.
adj. [L. dim. cutis, skin] Of or pertaining to the cuticle.
cuticular colors
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to the black and brown colors usually resulting from the color of the cuticle, along with other pigments occurring in the epidermal cells or ...
cuticular layering
Structural strata within the cuticle of invertebrates.
cuticular ornamentation
A mark or sculpture of any type on the cuticle of an animal.
cuticular pores
Minute pores opening at the surface of the cuticle.
cuticular sheath
see scolopale.
n. [L. dim. cutis, skin] To form into cuticle.
n. [L. cuticula, skin] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A compound material of uncertain chemical nature that forms the epicuticle.
cuticulin layer
1. (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In mites, the epiostracum. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Layer extending over the surface of the body and over cuticular projections such as ...
cuttle bone
(MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) The internal calcified shell remnant of cuttlefish.
Cuvierian organs
(ECHINODERMATA: Holothuroidea) A few, or a tuft of long blind tubules extending from the base of the respiratory trees to the anus; ejected as sticky filaments to entangle ...
adj. [Gr. kyaneos, dark-blue] Dark blue.
adj. [Gr. kyaneos, dark-blue; L. escens, become] Having a deep bluish tinge or shading; cerulean.
n. [Gr. kyaneos, dark-blue; blastos, bud] The immature stage of a cyanocyte (hemocyte) that contains polyribosomes, cisternae often filled with dense granular material, ...
n. [Gr. kyaneos, dark-blue; kytos, container] A hemocyte that breaks down and releases hemocyanin into the hemolymph; see cyanoblast.
adj. [Gr. kyaneos, dark-blue; gennaein, to produce] 1. Production of the blue color. 2. Used to describe pungent and irritating vapors emitted by certain arthropods.
adj. [Gr. kyaneos, dark-blue; philos, loving] Showing a special affinity for blue or green stains.
adj. [L. cyathus, cup; forma, shape] Cup-shaped; cupuliform; a little widened at the top.
n. [Gr. cyathus, cup; theke, case] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The cover of the thorax of a pupa.
n. [Gr. kybernetikos, good at steering] Science of the processes of communication and control in an animal.
n. [Gr. kyklos, circle] A circle; circular; arranged in a circle; to pass through a cycle of changes; cyclic adj..
n. [Gr. kyklos, circle; koilos, hollow] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Trematoda) That area of the intestinal cecae that end blindly or are fused posteriorly.
adj. [Gr. kyklos, circle; koilos, hollow] Having the intestine spirally coiled.
n. [Gr. kyklos, circle; odons, tooth] (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Dentition curving out from under the umbones and twisted into line in the cardinal margin, as in Cardiinae.
n. [Gr. kyklos, circle; genes, producing] The production of a series of different morphological types in a life cycle.
n. [Gr. kyklos, circle; L. labium, lip] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The short forceps of certain earwigs that are of variable lengths in the same species.

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