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Слова на букву eleu-frin (732)

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eleutherotogony
n. [Gr. eleutheros, free; gonos, offspring] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In embryology, having the back formed without participation of the membranes.
eleutherozoic
adj. [Gr. eleutheros, free; zoe, life] Free-living.
elevated
adj. [L. elevatus, raised] High in proportion to diameter; higher than surrounding areas.
elevator
see levation.
elimination
n. [L. eliminare, to turn out of doors] The casting out or discharging of excretory waste or foreign substances from the body.
elinguata
n. [L. ex, out of; lingua, tongue] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Having maxillae and labium united at the base; see synista.
elite
n. [MF. elit, to choose] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A member of a colony showing greater than average initiative and activity.
ellipsoidal
see elliptical.
elliptical
adj. [Gr. elleipsis, lack, defect] Oblong with rounded ends, oval in shape.
elongate
v. [L. elongatus, prolonged] To lengthen or stretch out.
elongate antenna
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An antenna equaling the body length.
elute
adj. [L. ex, out; lutus, washed] With barely distinguishable marking.
elytra
pl. of elytron.
elytral ligula
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In beetles, a tongue and groove joint at the midline of the elytra which meet and hold them together.
elytriform
adj. [Gr. elytron, sheath; L. forma, shape] Shaped like or resembling an elytron.
elytrin
n. [Gr. elytron, sheath; L. -ine, compound] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Coleoptera, the chitinized composition of the body surface covering.
elytron
n.; pl. -tra [Gr. elytron, sheath] 1. (ANNELIDA: Polychaeta) The numerous modified setae in the form of scales or plates. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A thickened, leathery, ...
elytrophore
n. [Gr. elytron, sheath; phoreus, bearer] (ANNELIDA) A process on the prostomium that bears an elytron.
emandibulate
adj. [L. ex, out of; mandibula, jaw] Lacking well developed mandibules.
emarginate
adj. [L. emarginatus, notched at the apex] 1. Having a margin or apex notched or indented. 2. (MOLLUSCA) Having the margin of the outer lip notched or variously ...
embolium
n.; pl. -lia [Gr. embolos, wedge] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) 1. In the hemipteran hemeletron, the narrow costal part of a wing, separated from the rest of the corium by a ...
embolus
n. [Gr. embolos, wedge] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) 1. The distal division of the palpus of some spiders. 2. The intromittent portion of the male copulatory organ, ...
emboly
n. [Gr. embole, anything inserted] The formation of a gastrula by the process of invagination.
embossed
adj. [ME. embossen, to hide] Ornamented with a raised pattern.
embryo
n.; pl. embryos [Gr. embryon, fetus] A young organism before emerging from the egg, or the body of the mother.
embryogenesis
n. [Gr. embryon, fetus; genesis, beginning] Formation and development of an embryo from an egg; embrogeny.
embryology
n. [Gr. embryon, fetus; logos, discourse] The study of the formation, early growth and development of living organisms.
embryonic
adj. [Gr. embryon, fetus] 1. Pertaining to an embryo. 2. (MOLLUSCA: Bivalvia) Pertaining to a larval stage, as the freeswimming embryo of an oyster.
embryonic fission
(BRYOZOA) Division of the first embryo into secondary and tertiary embryos; see polyembryony.
embryonic shell
(GASTROTRICHA) That part of the shell formed before hatching.
embryophore
n. [Gr. embryon, fetus; phoreus, bearer] 1. (ENTOPROCTA) The vestibular wall anterior to the anal cone to which the stalks of the eggs and embryos are attached. 2. ...
emendation
n. [L. emendatus, corrected] In nomenclature, an intentional change of the spelling of a previously published zoological name.
emergence
n. [L. emergere, to come up] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The act of the adult winged insect leaving the pupal case, cocoon, or the last nymphal skin.
Emery's rule
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The dulotic ants and the parasitic ants, both temporary and permanent, that generally originate from closely related forms that serve them as hosts.
emigration
n. [L. emigrare, to move out] Moving from one permanent nesting area to another.
eminence
n. [L. eminens, projecting] A ridge or projection on a surface.
emmet
n. [ME. emete, ant] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) An ant.
empodium
n.; pl. -dia [Gr. en, in; pous, foot] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A median bristle-, spine- or lobe-like process arising ventrally at the apex of the last tarsal segment, usually ...
emtomotomist
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; temnein, to cut] A student of entomotomy.
enamel
n. [OF. esmaillier, to coat with enamel] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) The glossy substance which forms the inductura of the shell.
enantiomorphic
adj. [Gr. enantios, opposite; morphe, form] Alike but contraposed as a mirror image.
enarthrosis
n. [Gr. en, in; arthron, joint] An articulation; a ball and socket joint.
encapsulation
n. [Gr. en, in; L. dim. capsa, box] 1. Enclosed in a capsule or membrane. 2. An animal host surrounding and walling off internal parasites; capsules often involve blood ...
encephala
adj. [Gr. encephalos, brain] (MOLLUSCA) Pertaining to bearing a head and usually protected by a spiral shell.
encephalon
n. [Gr. encephalos, brain] The brain.
encrusting colony
(BRYOZOA) A colony in which most individuals are attached to the substrate.
encyst
v.t. [Gr. en, in; kystis, bladder] To form a cyst, or become enclosed within; see excyst.
end-hook
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Odonata, a small hook at the inner border of the lateral lobes of the labium.
endemic
adj. [Gr. endemos, native] 1. Confined to a given region; indigenous, native. 2. Any disease occurring at the normal or expected level; see epidemic, pandemic.
endite
n. [Gr. endon, within] 1. The inner lobe of any limb segment. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) The plate borne by the coxa of the pedipalps of most spiders, that functions as ...
endite lobes
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The lacinia and galea on the inner apical angle of the stipes.
endobiotic
adj. [Gr. endon, within; bios, life] Living in the cells or tissues of another living organism; see exobiotic.
endoblast
see endoderm.
endocardium
n. [Gr. endon, within; kardia, heart] The membrane lining the inner surface of the heart.
endochorion
n. [Gr. endon, within; chorion, membrane] The inner layer of the chorion of an egg shell; see exochorion.
endocoel
n. [Gr. endon, within; koilos, hollow] (CNIDARIA: Anthozoa) 1. Situated on the inner-wall (visceral side) of the coelom. 2. Part of a gastrovascular cavity between ...
endocoele
См. endocoel.
endocommensal
n. [Gr. endon, within; L. cum, with; mensa, table] A commensal symbiont that lives inside its host.
endocranium
n. [Gr. endon, within; kranion, skull] The inner surface of the cranium.
endocrine glands
Ductless glands which produce internal hormonal secretions that are released directly into the blood or hemolymph; see exocrine glands.
endocrinology
n. [Gr. endon, within; krinein, to separate; logos, discourse] Study of endocrine glands and secretions and their various effects, e.g., molting, metamorphosis and oocyte ...
endocuticle
См. endocuticula.
endocuticula
n. [Gr. endon, within; L. dim. cutis, skin] The innermost softer, elastic layer of the cuticule.
endocyclic
adj. [Gr. endon, within; kyklos, circle] (ECHINODERMATA: Echinoidea] Pertaining to a test with rounded profile, peristome and periproct central at the oral and aboral ...
endocyst
n. [Gr. endon, within; kystis, bladder] (BRYOZOA) A soft layer lining a zooid; used to include both epidermis and peritoneum or peritoneum alone.
endocytosis
n. [Gr. endon, within; kytos, container] Ingestion of particulate matter or fluid by phagocytosis or pinocytosis.
endoderm
n. [Gr. endon, within; derma, skin] 1. The innermost cell layer of the embryo forming the epithelium of the archenteron, endoblast, entoderm, and hypoblast. 2. ...
endodyogeny
n. [Gr. endon, within; dyas, two; genos, offspring] The formation of only two daughter cells surrounded by their own membrane, while still in the mother cell; see ...
endoenzymes
n. pl. [Gr. endon, within; en, in; zyme, yeast] Intracellular enzymes.
endogamy
n. [Gr. endon, within; gamos, marriage] Inbreeding; sexual reproduction in which mating partners are closely related; see exogamy, autogamy.
endogastric
adj. [Gr. endon, within; gaster, stomach] (MOLLUSCA: Gastropoda) Pertaining to the normal adult coiled so as to extend backward from the aperture over the extruded ...
endogean
adj. [Gr. endon, within; gaia, the earth] 1. Interstitial soil dwellers. 2. (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Earthworms dwelling within the soil; see epigean, hypogean.
endogenous
adj. [Gr. endon, within; genes, producing] Pertaining to development from within; internal origin; endogeny n; see exogenous.
endognath
См. endognathite.
endognathite
n. [Gr. endon, within; gnathos, jaw] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) The endopod (inner and principal branch) of the maxilliped.
endolabium
n. [Gr. endon, within; L. labium, lip] (ARTHROPODA) The inner surface of the labium; the well developed hypopharynx.
endolecithal
see entolecithal.
endolymph
n. [Gr. endon, within; L. lympha, water] (MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) The fluid in the inner sac of the statocyst of Octopods and Vampyroteuthis ; in squid and cuttlefish, the ...
endolysis
n. [Gr. endon, within; lyein, to dissolve] Dissolution of the cytoplasm of a cell.
endomembrane
n. [Gr. endon, within; L. membrana, skin] Membrane inside a cell; endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, vesicles and other structures.
endomesoderm
n. [Gr. endon, within; mesos, middle; derma, skin] Mesoderm derived from the endoderm during embryology of animals.
endomitosis
n.; pl. -ses [Gr. endon, within; mitos, thread] Mitosis within the nuclear envelope without nuclear or cytoplasmic division.
endoneurium
n. [Gr. endon, within; neuron, nerve] Supporting fibers within a nerve.
endooecium
n. [Gr. endon, within; oikos, house] (BRYOZOA) The inner layer of the ooecial wall, usually membranous.
endoparamere
n. [Gr. endon, within; para, beside; meros, part] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The lamina phalli of Caelifera.
endoparasite
n. [Gr. endon, within; para, beside; sitos, food] A parasite that lives inside its host; endoparasitic adj..
endophagy
n. [Gr. endon, within; phagein, to eat] The internal feeding of endoparasites.
endophallic cavity
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In male Ensifera, the cavity into which the gonopore opens; for Caelifera, see spermatophore sac.
endophallus
n. [Gr. endon, within; phallos, penis] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The inner wall, sac or tube of the aedeagus, which is a continuation of the ejaculatory duct.
endophragm
n. [Gr. endon, within; phragma, partition] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In some Decapoda, a wall formed by union of opposed apodemes (cephalic and thoracic) forming part of the ...
endophragmal skeleton
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) A complex internal structure composed of fused apodemes, providing the framework for muscle attachment.
endophytic
adj. [Gr. endon, within; phyton, plant] Living within the tissues of plants.
endophytic oviposition
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In certain Odonata a form of oviposition in which they insert their eggs by making slits in plants or mud.
endopinacocyte
n. [Gr. endon, within; pinax, tablet; kytos, container] (PORIFERA) Cells that form the internal epithelium lining the canals.
endoplasm
n. [Gr. endon, within; plasma, to form or mold] The inner or central part of the cytoplasm of a cell; see ectoplasm.
endoplasmic reticulum
A network of double membranes continuous with the cell membrane and nuclear membrane; if lined with ribosomes called rough, if unlined called smooth.
endopleural ridge
see pleural ridge.
endopleurite
n. [Gr. endon, within; pleuron, side] 1. (ARTHROPODA) A sclerotized infolding between pleurites. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, a lateral apodeme of the ...
endoplica
see implex.
endopod(ite)
n. [Gr. endon, within; pous, foot] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) The inner ramus of a biramous appendage; the main shaft of that appendage; see exopodite.
endopolyogeny
n. [Gr. endon, within; polys, many; genos, offspring] Formation of many daughter cells, each surrounded by its own membrane, while still in the mother cell; see ...
endopolyploid
n. [Gr. endon, within; polys, many; aploos, onefold] Cells whose chromosome number has been increased by endomitosis.
Endoprocta
См. endoprocts.
endoprocts
see Entoprocta.
Endopterygota
n. [Gr. endon, within; pteron, wing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In some classifications a division of insects with complete metamorphosis; see Holometabola; Exopterygota.
endopterygote
n. [Gr. endon, within; pteron, wing] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A condition of internal wing bud development, or any insect secondarily wingless but derived from such an ...
endopuncta
n.; pl. -ae [Gr. endon, within; L. punctus, point] (BRACHIOPODA) An internal cavity in the shell which does not penetrate all the way through; caeca extend into these ...
endosiphuncle
n. [Gr. endon, within; siphon, pipe] (MOLLUSCA: Cephalopoda) A tube leading from the protoconch to the siphuncle.
endoskeleton
n. [Gr. endon, within; skeleton, dried body] A skeleton or internal supporting structure of the body or an apodeme for muscle attachment; endoskeletal a; see exoskeleton.
endosmosis
n. [Gr. endon, within; osmos, a pushing] Osmotic diffusion toward the inside.
endosome
n. [Gr. endon, within; soma, body] (PORIFERA) All areas of a sponge except for the ectosomal structures.
endospine
see papilla.
endosternal ridge
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A Y-shaped furca of higher insects, formed by the two apophyses of the eusternum arising together in the midline and only separating internally.
endosternite
n. [Gr. endon, within; sternon, chest] 1. (ARTHROPODA) In various arthropods, an internal sclerotized ridge, plate or other process of the cephalic exoskeleton that ...
endostome
n. [Gr. endon, within; stoma, mouth] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In some brachyuran Decapoda, a platelike part of the buccal frame; a palate.
endostracum
n. [Gr. endon, within; ostrakon, shell] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) For arachnids, see epiostracum. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The endocuticle. 3. (MOLLUSCA) The inner ...
endostyle
n. [Gr. endon, within; stylos, pillar] (MOLLUSCA) A special gland on the ctenidial axis, that produces mucus used for transport of particles to the mouth.
endosymbion
(t) n. [Gr. endon, within; symbiosis, life together; on, being] An internal symbiont; see ectosymbiont.
endotergite
see phragma.
endotheca
n.; pl. -thecae [Gr. endon, within; theke, case] The inner wall of a theca.
endothermal
see homoiothermal.
endothorax
n. [Gr. endon, within; thorax, chest] Internal structure or processes of a thorax.
endotoichal ooecium
(BRYOZOA) An ooecium which appears to be inside the distal zooid, but opens separately to the exterior.
endotokia matricida
see matricidal hatching.
endotoky
n. [Gr. endon, within; tokos, birth] A form of reproduction in which the eggs develop within the body of the mother; see exotoky.
endotoxin
n. [Gr. endon, within; toxikon, poison] A substance produced by microorganisms which is confined within the microbial cell; see exotoxin.
endotrachea
n. [Gr. endon, within; trachia, windpipe] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The inner surface or lining of the tracheal tubes; see intima.
endozoic
adj. [Gr. endon, within; zoon, animal] Living within or passing through an animal; see entozoic, epizoic.
endozone
n. [Gr. endon, within; zone, belt] (BRYOZOA: Stenolaemata) The inner parts of zooids in a colony with weak walls and skeletons.
endozooidal ooecium
(BRYOZOA) An ooecium opening below the operculum of the parent zooid.
energid
n. [Gr. energos, active] Nucleated cytoplasmic aggregations containing all the apparatus necessary for life.
enervose
adj. [L. ex, out of; nervus, sinew] 1. Without veins. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Lacking wing veins.
engraved
adj. [OF. engraver, cut] Having superficial irregular impressed lines; exsculptate.
ennomoclones
n. pl. [Gr. ennea, nine; klon, twig] (PORIFERA) Megasclere spicules of the dicranoclone or sphaeroclone type.
enoteinia
См. neoteiny.
ensate
adj. [L. ensis, sword] Ensiform; sword-shaped.
ensheathed
adj. [Gr. en, in; A.S. sceath, case] 1. Enclosed by or inserted as in a sheath. 2. During development, cuticle preceding the molt is retained into the next stage.
ensiform
adj. [L. ensis, sword; forma, shape] Sword-shaped; two-edged and tapering toward a point.
entad
adv. [Gr. entos, within; L. ad, toward] Extending inwardly from the exterior; internally; see ectad.
ental
adj. [Gr. entos, within] Away from the body wall, toward the center of the body; see ectal.
entelechy
n.; pl. -chies [Gr. en, in; telos, end; echein, to hold] 1. An actuality or realization as opposed to potentiality. 2. A vital force or agent directing growth and life.
enteric
adj. [Gr. enteron, intestine] Pertaining to the enteron or alimentary canal.
enterocoel
См. enterocoele.
enterocoele
n. [Gr. enteron, intestine; koilos, hollow] Coelom that arises as an outpocketing of the archenteron.
enterocoely
n. [Gr. enteron, intestine; koilos, hollow] The process of forming the perivisceral cavity.
enteroic
adj. [Gr. enteron, intestine] (ANNELIDA) Pertaining to the excretory system when it opens into the gut lumen; see exoic.
enteron
n. [Gr. enteron, intestine] The digestive cavity of multicellular animals.
enteronephric
adj. [Gr. enteron, intestine; nephros, kidney] (ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) Having nephridia opening into the gut lumen; see exonephric.
enterosegmental organs
(ANNELIDA: Oligochaeta) In Moniligastrida, paired structures containing a bundle of glandular tubes bound together by a delicate connective tissue investment on the ...
enterostome
n. [Gr. enteron, intestine; stoma, mouth] (CNIDARIA) Aboral opening of the actinopharynx leading to the gastrovascular cavity.
enterozoa
see entozoa.
entire
adj. [L. integer, complete] 1. Without emargination; having a smooth margin. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) Pertaining to a wing with an unbroken margin. 3. (MOLLUSCA: ...
entoblast
see endoderm.
entobranchiate
adj. [Gr. entos, within; branchia, gills] Having internal gills.
entocodon
n. [Gr. entos, within; kodon, bell] (CNIDARIA: Hydrozoa) The primordium of the subumbrella in the development of medusae from the gonophore.
entoderm
see endoderm.
entognathous condition
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Collembola, Diplura and Protura, the mouthparts which lie in a cavity within the head; see ectognathous condition.
entolecithal
adj. [Gr. entos, within; lekithos, yolk of an egg] (PLATYHELMINTHES: Turbellaria) A type of egg where the yolk is stored within the oocytes as opposed to ectolecithal; ...
entoloma
n. [Gr. entos, within; loma, fringe] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The inner margin of a wing.
entomiasis
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; -iasis, a diseased condition] A lesion in the tissues of animals caused by insects.
entomochore
См. entomochory.
entomochoric
adj. [Gr. entomon, insect; chorein, to spread] Dispersed by insects, such as fungal spores and nematodes.
entomogenous
adj. [Gr. entomon, insect; genee, producing] Pertaining to micro-organisms growing in or on the bodies of insects.
entomography
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; graphein, to write] The description and life history of an insect.
entomolin
see chitin.
entomology
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; logos, discourse] That branch of zoology dealing with insects.
entomoparasitic
adj. [Gr. entomon, insect; para, beside; sitos, food] Refers to insect parasites; see entomogenous, entomophilic, entomophagous.
entomophagous
adj. [Gr. entomon, insect; phagein, to eat] Insectivorous; the eating of insects or their parts.
entomophilic
См. entomophilous.
entomophilous
adj. [Gr. entomon, insect; philos, loving] 1. Pertaining to associations between insects and plant microorganisms, protozoa, and nematodes. 2. Being pollinated by the agency ...
entomophobia
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; phobos, fear] Having an abnormal fear of insects.
entomophyte
См. entophyte.
entomosis
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; -osis suff. denoting a condition usually morbid] An insect borne disease.
Entomostraca
См. entomostracan.
entomostracan
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; ostrakon, shell] Formerly considered a single natural group of Crustacea including Brachiopoda, Ostracoda, Copepoda, Branchiura and Cirripeda which ...
entomotaxy
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; taxis, arrangement] The art of preserving and mounting insects.
entomotomy
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; temnein, to cut] The art of insect dissection; dealing with internal structures of insects.
entomurochrome
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; ouron, urine; chroma, color] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The color pigments of the urine of insects.
entoneural
adj. [Gr. entos, within; neuron, nerve] (ECHINODERMATA) Pertaining to the aboral ring and nerves.
entoparasite
see endoparasite.
entophyte
n. [Gr. entomon, insect; phyton, plant] A fungus living on or in the body of an insect. entomophytic adj..
entopic
adj. [Gr. en, in; topos, place] Occurring in the normal place; see ectopic.
entopleuron
see pleural apophysis.
entoprocessus
n. [Gr. entos, within; L. procedere, to go forward] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In Neuroptera, a pair of lateral processes of the gonarcus.
Entoprocta
См. entoprocts.
entoprocts
n.; n. pl. [Gr. entos, within; proktos, anus] A small phylum of solitary or colonial animals, having a flame cell protonephridial excretory system and a looped intestine ...
entosaccal cavity
(BRYOZOA) That part of the body cavity containing the digestive and reproductive systems.
entosternite
see endosternite.
entosternum
n.; pl. -sterna [Gr. entos, within; sternon, chest] (ARTHROPODA) The internal processes or system of processes of the sternum.
entotergum
n. [Gr. entos, within; L. tergum, back] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A large V-shaped ridge of the thorax on the undersurface of the notum.
entothorax
n. [Gr. entos, within; thorax, chest] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The apodemes or processes that extend inwardly from the sternal sclerites; an apophysis; see endothorax.
Entotropha
see aptera.
entotrophous
see entognathous condition.
entozoa
n. pl., sing. entozoon [Gr. entos, within; zoon, animal] The internal parasites collectively; entozoal adj., entozoan adj. & n.
entozoic
adj. [Gr. entos, within; zoon, animal] Living within another animal; an internal parasite; see endozoic, epizoic.
enucleate
v. [L. ex, out of; nucleus, kernel] 1. To remove an entire organ, etc. 2. To destroy or remove the nucleus of a cell.
envelope
n. [OF. enveloper, wrap up] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A sheath surrounding the nest of a social wasp.
environment
n. [F. environ, about] The totality of physical, chemical and biotic conditions surrounding an entire organism.
enzootic disease
A disease which is constantly present in a population of lower animals, although usually at a low maintenance level.
enzyme
n. [Gr. en, in; zyme, yeast] An organic catalyst produced by a living organism.
Eogaea
n. [Gr. eos, dawn; gaia, earth] Seldom used zoogeographic term; including Africa, South America and Australia; see Caenogaea.
eoplasmatocyte
n. [Gr. eos, dawn; plasma, formed or molded; kytos, container] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A form of plasmatocyte with conspicuous acidophilic nucleus and light basophilic ...
eoplasmatocytoid
adj. [Gr. eos, dawn; plasma, formed or molded; kytos, container; eidos, like] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) A form of plasmatocyte intermediate to the eoplasmatocyte and ...
eosinophil
adj. [Gr. eos, dawn; philos, loving] A polymorphonuclear leukocyte or other granulocytes whose cytoplasm has an affinity for eosin dye.
eosinophilia
n. [Gr. eos, dawn; philos, loving] With an elevated eosinophil count in the circulating blood, resulting from chronic parasite infection or other diseases.
epacme
n. [Gr. epi, upon; akme, top] The evolutionary phylogeny of a group of organisms before reaching its highest point.
epalpate
adj. [L. ex, out of; palpus, feeler] Lacking palpi; expalpate.
epandrium
См. epiandrium.
epaulet
См. epaulett.
epaulett
n.; pl. epaulets, epaulettes [F. dim. epaule, shoulder] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) a. In Diptera, sclerites at the base of the costa. b. In Hymenoptera, the tegula. c. In ...
epedaphic
adj. [Gr. epi, upon; edaphos, soil] Pertaining to, or dependent upon climatic conditions.
epharmonic
adj. [Gr. epi, upon; harmonia, a fitting together] Pertaining to the adaptation of an organism or species to its environment; epharmony n.
epharmosis
n. [Gr. epi, upon; harmonia, a fitting together] The method of adaptation of organisms to a new environment.
ephebic
adj. [Gr. epi, upon; hebe, puberty] 1. Mature. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The adult; between the neanic and gerontic stage; the winged adult stage. 3. (BRYOZOA) Zooids ...
ephemeral
n. [Gr. ephemeros, living only a day] A short-lived animal species, especially insects.
ephippium
n.; pl. ephippia [L. ephippium, saddle] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) Exuvia of some female cladocerans with one to several eggs enclosed, capable of withstanding dessication; a ...
ephyra
n.; pl. ephyre, ephyrae, ephyrula [Gr. Ephyra, name of a sea nymph] (CNIDARIA: Scyphozoa) A small free-swimming medusa arising by asexual division (transverse fission) of ...
epiandrium
n.; pl. -dria [Gr. epi, upon; aner, male] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In male Diptera, the tergite of the 9th segment, maybe reduced or enlarged, sometimes bearing surstyli.
epiandrous glands
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) A group of glands found in most male spiders that add to the sperm web a small white mat on which the drop of sperm is deposited.
epibenthos
n. [Gr. epi, upon; benthos, depth of the sea] The fauna of the sea bottom between low tide line and 100 fathoms.
epibiont
see epicole.
epibiotic
adj. [Gr. epibionai, to survive] 1. Endemic species that are relicts of former fauna. 2. Growing on the surface of other animals; see hypobiotic.
epiblast
n. [Gr. epi, upon; blastos, bud] Ectoderm, the outer germ layer in early embryos; ectoblast.
epibole
n. [Gr. epibole, placing upon] The growth of one structure around another during embryonic development.
epibolic
adj..
epiboly
См. epibole.
epibranchial lobe or area
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, the anterior part of the branchial region of the carapace.
epibranchial space
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, that part of the gill chamber above or external to the gills.
epicaridium
n. [Gr. epi, upon; kardis, shrimp] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) The first larval stage of a parasitic epicaridean; a microniscus.
epicaridum
См. epicaridium.
epicnemis
n. [Gr. epi, upon; kneme, leg] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) A tibial accessory joint of arachnids.
epicnemium
see prepectus.
epicole
n. [Gr. epi, upon; L. colere, to inhabit] An animal that lives on the surface of another animal and neither harms nor helps that animal.
epicondyle
n. [Gr. epi, upon; kondylos, knuckle] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The cephalic or dorsal swelling of the proximal end of the mandible, articulating with a socket in the gena or ...
epicranial plate
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In larval forms, a plate-like structure forming the epicranium.
epicranial stem
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The coronal suture.
epicranial suture
(ARTHROPODA: Insecta) In larval forms, the dorsal Y-shaped line of the cranium normally associated with molts, but may persist in adults and form a true sulcus; ecdysial ...
epicranium
n. [Gr. epi, upon; kranion, skull] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The upper part of of the head, from the face to the neck; the calva; epicranial adj..
epicuticle
См. epicuticula.
epicuticula
n. [Gr. epi, upon; L. dim. cutis, skin] 1. (ACANTHOCEPHALA) See glycocalyx. 2. (ARTHROPODA) The thin, outermost nonchitinous exterior layer of arthropod cuticle. 3. ...
epidemic
n. [Gr. epi, upon; demos, the people] 1. A rapidly spreading attack of disease in a population. 2. A disease level higher than expected for a designated area; see endemic. ...
epidemiology
n. [Gr. epi, upon; demos, the people; logos, discourse] A science that deals with all ecological aspects of disease including transmission, distribution, prevalence, and ...
epiderma
n [Gr. epi, upon; derma, skin] An abnormal outgrowth of the skin.
epidermis
n. [Gr. epi, upon; derma, skin] 1. The cellular layer of the body wall that secretes the cuticle; the hypodermis. 2. (BRYOZOA) Secretes cuticle and calcium carbonate of ...
epididymis
n. [Gr. epi, upon; didymos, testicle] (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The coiled part of the vas deferens.
epifauna
n. [Gr. epi, upon; L. Faunas, deity of herds and fields] Any animal living on the surface deposits of the ocean; see infauna.
epifrontal fold
(BRYOZOA: Gymnolaemata) In Umbonulidae, a fold of the exterior body wall and body cavity arching over the frontal wall.
epigaen
see epigean.
epigamic
adj. [Gr. epi, upon; gamos, marriage] Serving to attract individuals of the opposite sex during courtship; the colors displayed during courtship.
epigastric furrow
(ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) A transverse ventral suture near the anterior end of the abdomen of spiders, along which lie the opening of the book lungs and in the middle the ...
epigastric lobe or area
(ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Decapoda, the anterior extension of the gastric region of the carapace.
epigastrium
n. [Gr. epi, upon; gaster, stomach] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) In spiders, the ventral portion of the opisthosoma. 2. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The ventral side of the ...
epigean
adj. [Gr. epi, upon; gaia, earth] Living at or above the soil surface; epigeic; epigenous; see endogean, hypogean.
epigenesis
n. [Gr. epi, upon; genesis, beginning] The theory that morphological complexity develops gradually from an essentially formless egg during embryology; during the 18th and 19th ...
epigenetics
n. [Gr. epi, upon; genesis, beginning] That branch of biology that deals with the causal analysis of development.
epigenotype
n. [Gr. epi, upon; genesis, beginning; L. typus, type] The chain of interactions among genes resulting in the phenotype; the developmental system.
epiglossa
see epipharynx.
epiglottis
n. [Gr. epi, upon; glottis, mouth of the windpipe] 1. (ARTHROPODA: Insecta) The epipharynx. 2. (BRYOZOA) The epistome.
epigynial plate
see epigynum.
epigynium
n.; pl. -yna [Gr. epi, upon; gyne, woman] (ARTHROPODA: Chelicerata) 1. A sclerotized structure of certain female spiders and mites, variable in form, covering the genital ...
epigynum
См. epigynium.

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