Слова на букву orle-pier (29) Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
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Слова на букву orle-pier (29)

Orley, Bernaert van
(1490-1541)    Flemish painter and designer of tapestries. Born in Brussels and trained by his father, he seems never to have visited Italy but nevertheless became familiar ...
Ortelius, Abraham
(1527-1598)    Dutch mapmaker and printer. A native of Antwerp, he was trained as an engraver but became a dealer in maps and antiquities, travelling widely to collect and sell ...
Ottoman Empire
   Islamic state of the Osmanli branch of the Turk-ish peoples, founded in the late 13th century by Osman I. It continued to be ruled by the sultans descended from him until ...
Pacioli, Luca
(ca. 1445-1517)    Italian mathematician and teacher. Born at Borgo San Sepolcro in Tuscany, he became a tutor to a wealthy family in Venice and developed his mastery of ...
Padua
   City of northeastern Italy, 22 miles (35 kilometers) west of Venice. Padua was an important center for communications and travel in the Po river valley. Although the ...
Palladio, Andrea
(1508-1580)    Italian architect. His harmo-nious and balanced neoclassical buildings set a style for palaces, country houses, and churches that spread from his home region in ...
Palmieri, Matteo
(1406-1475)    Florentine humanist, identi-fied like his older friend Leonardo Bruni with exaltation of the active life of the citizen as superior (except for persons embracing ...
Pannonius, Janus
(1434-1472)    The outstanding figure of Renais-sance humanism in Hungary and one of the major neo-Latin poets of the Renaissance. His uncle, a prominent bishop, sent him to ...
Papacy
   See Papal States; Popes.
Papal States
   The political sovereignty of the popes over the city of Rome and a more or less extensive surrounding region goes back to Frankish times, when King Pepin and his son the ...
Paracelsus
(1493-1541)    Swiss-born physician, known for his re-jection of the practices, theories, and authorities of traditional academic medicine. Born at Einsiedeln, the son of a ...
Paré, Ambroïse
(ca. 1509-1590)    French surgeon, known as an innovator in surgical treatment of wounds and also as the author of a large number of treatises on surgery, anatomy, and other ...
Pasquier, Etienne
(1529-1615)    French antiquarian and jurist. After preparation at the University of Paris, he studied law under the most distingished jurists of his century. The result of his ...
Pasquino
   Popular name given to a badly damaged ancient statue discovered at Rome in the late 15th century and relocated to the Pi-azza Navona, where it still remains. The custom ...
Patrizi, Francesco
(1529-1597)    Italian Neoplatonic philoso-pher. Born into a family of minor Croatian nobility, he served for a time under an uncle who was captain of a Venetian warship, then ...
Pazzi Conspiracy
   Conspiracy intended to end Medici political control of Florence by assassinating the brothers Lorenzo and Giu-liano de'Medici and staging a coup d'état that would bring ...
Pembroke, Mary, countess of
   See Sidney, Mary.
Perotti, Niccolo
(1429-1480)    Italian humanist, born at Fano and educated by both of the most famous schoolmasters of the early Renaissance, Vittorino da Feltre at Mantua (1443-1445) and ...
Perspective
   Technique used by sculptors and painters to create the illusion of three-dimensional reality in an image executed on a two-dimensional surface. Ancient painters had ...
Perugino
   Nickname for Pietro Vannucci (ca. 1450-1523), an Um-brian painter who began his training with the conservative school of painters active in Perugia but was early subjected ...
Peruzzi
   See Bardi.
Petrarch
(Francesco Petrarca, 1304-1374)    Italian poet and hu-manist, commonly ranked as second only to Dante among Italian poets and conventionally designated as the first humanist ...
Petrarchism
   A style of lyric poetry modelled on the poems of Petrarch and his Italian disciples, particularly on the love poetry of his Canzoniere / Book of Songs. Influenced by the ...
Peurbach, Georg
(1423-1461)    German astronomer and mathe-matician. He was educated at the University of Vienna (B.A. 1448, M.A. 1453) and then began teaching in the faculty of arts. He ...
Peutinger, Konrad
(1465-1547)    German humanist. Born into a prominent family at Augsburg, he studied at Basel and then at Padua and Bologna, where he was a pupil of several distinguished ...
Philip II
(1527-1598)    King of Spain from 1556 to 1598, the son and successor of the Emperor Charles V. Under him, Spain reached its peak as a military and political power and also ...
Pienza
   The small town of Corsignano, home town of Pope Pius II, was renamed Pienza and rebuilt in a symmetrical neoclassical style by its most famous native, the pope himself. This ...
Piero della Francesca
(ca. 1420-1492)    Italian painter, a na-tive of Borgo San Sepolcro in Umbria and active there and in Arezzo and Urbino. His works, which show him to be one of the greatest ...
Piero di Cosimo
(1462—1521)    Florentine painter, known mainly for his paintings on themes from classical mythology, such as The Discovery of Honey, a work that treats mythology quite ...


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