Слова на букву sans-tall (29) Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
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Слова на букву sans-tall (29)

Sansovino, Jacopo
(1486-1570)    Florentine architect and sculptor, born Jacopo Tatti. He was a pupil of Andrea Sansovino, whose surname he took when he followed his master to Rome in 1505. His ...
Santillana, Iñigo López de, Marquis of
(1398-1458)    Castilian aristocrat, poet, and book-collector, often regarded as the crucial figure in introducing Renaissance learning into Spain, though he himself had only a ...
Savile, Henry
(1549-1622)    English historian and textual scholar. Educated at Oxford, he became warden of Merton College in 1585 and provost of Eton in 1596. His principal scholarly works ...
Savonarola, Girolamo
(1452-1498)    Dominican friar, a na-tive of Ferrara but best known as the spellbinding preacher who af-ter the expulsion of the Medici from Florence in 1494 dominated the ...
Scala, Bartolomeo
(1430-1497) and ALESSANDRA (ca. 1475-1506)    Italian humanists, father and daughter. Bartolomeo served as chancellor of the Florentine republic from 1465 until his death. Born ...
Scaliger, Josephus Justus
(1540-1609)    French literary and linguistic scholar. The son of an expatriate Italian humanist, Julius Caesar Scaliger, he seems to have believed his father's false claim of ...
Scaliger, Julius Caesar
(1484-1558)    Italian humanist, fa-ther of Josephus Justus Scaliger. Born Giulio Bordone, the son of a painter of miniatures who settled in Venice, he claimed to be ...
Scève, Maurice
(ca. 1501-ca. 1564)    French poet, a member of the group known as La Pléiade, especially important for bringing Neoplatonic influence into French poetry. He was born into a ...
Schism
(1378-1417)    Also known as "the Great Schism." Division within the Roman Catholic Church caused by dis-agreement over which of two (and for a time, three) claimants to the ...
Scholasticism
   Term used as a generic label for the various forms of philosophy and theology developed in western European univer-sities from the late 11th or early 12th century. All of ...
Schongauer, Martin
(born between 1435 and 1450; died 1491)    Alsatian painter and engraver, trained by his father, a goldsmith of Colmar. He is one of the most important German painters of the ...
Script, Humanistic
   Letter-forms developed by humanists of the late 14th and early 15th centuries who disliked the elaborate and often nearly illegible handwriting that dominated not only ...
Sforza
   Dynasty that ruled the duchy of Milan between 1450 and its expulsion by a French army in 1499, and again for intermittent peri-ods in the first third of the 16th century. ...
Shakespeare, William
(1564-1616)    England's greatest drama-tist. The son of a successful merchant and alderman of Stratford-on-Avon, he was educated in the excellent local school and learned ...
Sidney, Mary
(1561-1621)    English writer and literary patron, sis-ter of Philip Sidney. She made the suggestion that led to her brother's writing the Arcadia, which he dedicated to her. ...
Sidney, Philip
(1554-1586)    English poet and soldier, the eldest child of an aristocratic family, brother of Robert Sidney, earl of Leicester, and of the writer Mary Sidney. He was educated ...
Sigonio, Carlo
(ca. 1522-1584)    Italian humanist and historian. A native of Modena, he taught humanistic subjects there and at Venice before moving to the University of Padua in 1560 and ...
Sixtus IV
(Francesco della Rovere, 1414-1484; pope from 1471)    Born near Savona to a merchant family of modest means, Della Ro-vere rose to prominence through the Franciscan order. ...
Sluter, Claus
(ca. 1380-1406)    The most important non-Italian sculptor of the International Gothic style. A native of the Netherlands, which was ruled by the dukes of Burgundy, he spent ...
Smith, Thomas
(1513-1578)    English humanist and statesman. After study at Cambridge University, he continued his education abroad at Paris and Padua. He taught Greek at Cambridge from ...
Soderini, Piero
(1452-1522)    Florentine political leader, elected to a life term as gonfaloniere della giustizia (head of the Signoria, the central policy-making body of the republic) in ...
Spanish Inquisition
   The evil reputation of the Inquisition rests less on the record of the medieval inquisitors than on a very different institution, the Spanish Inquisition. After 711, when ...
Spenser, Edmund
(ca. 1552-1599)    English poet. He is best known for his allegorical romance The Faerie Queene (1590, 1596). Born in London, he was educated at the Merchant Taylors' School, ...
Stampa, Gaspara
(ca. 1523-1554)    Venetian poet and musician, noted both for her poems and for her singing and playing the lute. Born at Padua to a Venetian mother and an impoverished ...
Stevinus, Simon
(1548-1620)    Flemish physicist, engineer, and mathematician. His most notable achievement was the introduction of decimal notation into European mathematics. Little is known ...
Sturm, Johann
(1507-1589)    German humanist and educator. Born at Schleidan in the Rhineland, he studied at Louvain, learning Greek from Rutger Regius, with whom he collaborated in ...
Syphilis
   Venereal disease which became a major health problem in every part of Europe from the 1490s. The name comes from a poem published in 1530 by the physician Girolamo ...
Taborites
   See Hussites.
Tallis, Thomas
(ca. 1505-1585)    English composer and organist, noted for his mastery of counterpoint. He was organist at a Benedictine abbey at Dover in 1532 and then at Waltham Abbey until ...


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