Слова на букву astr-bosc (29) Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
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Слова на букву astr-bosc (29)

Astrology
   Pseudoscience that sought to understand the effects of forces thought to emanate from celestial bodies (planets, moon, sun, and stars) on earthly bodies and souls. Its ...
Avignon
   City on the Rhone River, seat of the papal curia from 1309 to 1378. Although now a part of France, in the Middle Ages and Renaissance the city was part of the county of ...
Babylonian Captivity
   See Avignon.
Bacon, Francis
(1561-1626)    English philosopher, essayist, and royal official, knighted by King James VI and eventually raised to the peerage. The son of a high-ranking official of Queen ...
Bade, Josse
(Jodocus Badius Ascensius, ca. 1461-1535)    Influential editor and publisher, born in Flanders but settled in Paris from 1499 and active as a printer from 1503. He published ...
Baïf, Jean-Antoine de
(1532-1589)    French poet known especially for his experiments in adapting classical rules of prosody to the writing of French verse. He was a member of the influential group ...
Bandello, Matteo
(1485-1561)    Italian courtier and author, born in Lombardy. He entered the Dominican order at Genoa about 1504 but eventually abandoned his monastic vows and pursued a career ...
Baptista Mantuanus
(1448-1516)    Spanish-born monk and poet active in Italy, originally named Baptista Spagnolo. He studied at Mantua and Padua and became tutor to the children of the Gonzaga ...
Barbaro, Ermolao
(the Younger, 1453-1493)    The most distinguished Venetian humanist of the 15th century, member of an influential noble family of Venice, educated in part by his uncle ...
Bárbaro, Francesco
(1390-1454)    Venetian humanist and political figure, grandfather of Ermolao the Younger. His public career included governorship of several subject territories, ...
Bardi
   Florentine banking family. By 1310 they were the wealthiest family in Florence. They and the other two leading family banks, the Peruzzi and the Acciaiuoli, maintained ...
Baroque
   Modern term, used most frequently in art history, to describe a post-Renaissance style that continued many of the elements of High Renaissance style while developing and ...
Basel, Council of
(1431-1449)    Pope Eugenius IV reluctantly convened this general council of the church because of pressure from European rulers and many of the lower clergy to obey the ...
Beaufort, Lady Margaret
(1443-1509)    The mother of the first Tudor king of England, Henry VII. She was descended from King Edward III and in 1455 married Edmund Tudor, earl of Richmond. John Fisher, ...
Beccadelli, Antonio
(1394-1471)    Sicilian humanist and poet, often known as Panormita from the Latin name for his birth-place, Palermo. He studied law and classical literature in several ...
Bellini
   Family of Venetian artists whose works influenced the emergence of a distinctive Venetian Renaissance style of painting. Jacopo (ca. 1400-1470) studied with Gentile da ...
Belon, Pierre
(1517-1564)    French naturalist. Though born to a poor family, he found aristocratic and royal patronage that not only enabled him to study at the University of Paris but also ...
Bembo, Pietro
(1470-1547)    Venetian humanist and cardinal, noted for his lyric poetry, his editions of earlier Italian authors, his classical scholarship, and his excellent style in both ...
Bernardino of Siena, Saint
(1380-1444)    Franciscan preacher, noted for his denunciation of the moral corruption and violence of Italian society. A dramatic preacher, skilled at using symbolism and ...
Beroaldo, Filippo
(the Elder, 1453-1505)    Humanist lecturer and author, professor of rhetoric at the university of his native city, Bologna, from 1472 to his death. He travelled extensively ...
Binchois, Gilles
(1400-1460)    One of the major composers associated with the flowering of music at the court of the dukes of Burgundy in the 15th-century Netherlands. Although he produced ...
Biondo, Flavio
(Flavius Blondus, 1392-1463)    A native of Forlî, Biondo was a notary, civil servant, and professional scribe at Venice but was important because of his humanistic and ...
Bisticci, Vespasiano da
(1422-1498)    Florentine bookseller who supplied the intellectuals and wealthy patrons of his time with manuscript books produced by a large team of professional scribes. ...
Black Death
   Pandemic disease that swept through most of Europe and the Middle East between 1347 and 1350. First recorded in the Crimea in 1347, the epidemic was carried westward to ...
Boccaccio, Giovanni
(1313-1375)    One of the three great Italian authors of the 14th century (along with Dante and Petrarch) who established the Tuscan dialect as Italy's literary language. ...
Boiardo, Matteo Maria
(1441-1494)    Italian humanist and poet, best known for his romance epic Orlando innamorato / Roland in Love. Boiardo was brought up at Ferrara and at a castle belonging to ...
Borgia
   Spanish noble family, originally named Borja. The election of Alfonso de Borja as Pope Calixtus III (1455-1458), the first Spanish pope, made the family's fortune and ...
Boscán, Juan
(ca. 1490-1542)    Catalan poet and humanist. He received a humanistic education at the court of King Ferdinand of Aragon and tutored the future Spanish general and governor ...
Bosch, Hieronymus
(ca. 1450-1516)    Dutch painter, born at 's Hertogenbosch. The son of a painter, he seems to have spent his whole life in 's Hertogenbosch, though some art historians find ...


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