Слова на букву bott-caxt (29) Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
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Слова на букву bott-caxt (29)

Botticelli, Sandro
(1444/5-1510)    Florentine painter most closely associated with the intellectual circle of Lorenzo de' Medici in the later 15th century. A pupil of Fra Filippo Lippi, in his ...
Bourges, Pragmatic sanction of
   See Pragmatic sanction of bourges.
Bouts, Dierck
(ca. 1415-1475)    Netherlandish painter, born and probably trained in Haarlem but located for most of his career in Louvain, where he married into a wealthy family and became ...
Bracciolini, Poggio
(1380-1459)    Florentine humanist. A provincial by birth, he settled in Florence shortly before 1400 and became a professional notary. He is commonly regarded as the ...
Bramante, Donato
(1443/4-1514)    Italian artist, known principally as an architect. He originally worked at Urbino and Milan as a painter, but his service to the duke of Milan led to ...
Brant, Sebastian
(1457-1521)    German humanist and poet, a native of Strasbourg, educated in liberal arts and law at Basel. After graduation he taught there in both of these faculties and in ...
Brethren of the Common Life
   See Devotio Moderna.
Bronzino, Agnolo
(1503-1572)    Florentine painter of the late sixteenth century, court painter to Duke Cosimo I de'Medici. He also had a reputation as a poet. Classed among the Italian ...
Brueghel, Pieter
(the Elder, ca. 1525-1569)    The principal Dutch painter of the 16th century. Though highly educated, closely linked to leading humanists, and patronized by the Habsburg ...
Budé, Guillaume
(1468-1540)    The most famous French humanist of the first half of the 16th century. Born into a recently ennobled family of royal officials, he studied law at Orléans but ...
Burgundy, Duchy of
   Strictly speaking, the duchy of Burgundy was a large fief held in feudal tenure from the king of France and located in east-central France. But in the 14th and 15th ...
Busche, Hermann von dem
(Hermannus Buschius, ca. 1468-1534)    German humanist. Descended from a noble Westphalian family, he studied at Münster and at the famous school at Deventer directed by ...
Byrd, William
(1540-1623)    English composer, born in London and probably trained in the Chapel Royal under Thomas Tallis. He became organist and choirmaster at Lincoln cathedral ...
Byzantine Empire
   See Constantinople, Fall of.
Cabala
(also written Kabbalah)    A body of Hebrew mystical speculation, purporting to represent an ancient oral tradition of biblical interpretation and meditation that contained ...
Calvin, John
(1509-1564)    French religious reformer. Although identified mainly with the Protestant Reformation, Calvin began his intellectual development as a follower of humanism. ...
Camoens, Luis vas de
(1524/5-1580)    Portuguese soldier and poet. Although he produced Portugal's greatest epic poem, The Lusiads (1572), and a body of lyric poetry, relatively little is known of ...
Campanella, Tommaso
(1568-1639)    Italian philosopher, poet, and utopian political theorist. He entered the Dominican order in 1582. He was a brilliant student but soon turned against the ...
Campin, Robert
(documented, 1406-1444)    Leading painter of the city of Tournai in Flanders, usually regarded as identical with the socalled "Master of Flémalle," creator of an outstanding ...
Campion, Thomas
(1567-1620)    English poet and composer. His devotion to ancient Roman prosody appears in his Observations in the Art of English Poesie (1602), which attacks the medieval use ...
Capitano del Popolo
   An official elected in many Italian communes of the 13th and 14th centuries, normally acting as the chief executive of the combined local guilds in opposition to the old ...
Caravaggio
   One of the leading figures of early baroque painting at Rome. His proper name was Michelangelo Merisi (1571-1610), but he was called Caravaggio after his home town near ...
Cardano, Girolamo
(1501-1576)    Italian physician, mathematician, and natural philosopher. Born in Pavia and educated there and at Padua, he supported himself during his student years as a ...
Carvajal y Mendoza, Luisa de
(1566-1614)    Spanish religious poet. Born into the powerful Mendoza family and reared by relatives after she was orphaned, she felt a strong calling to religious work but was ...
Casaubon, Isaac
(1559-1614)    French classical scholar, regarded as the most skilled Hellenist of his time. A Protestant in religion, he taught Greek in Geneva and at the University of ...
Castagno, Andrea del
(ca. 1423-1457)    The most talented Florentine painter of the generation following Masaccio, whose style influenced him greatly. He thoroughly assimilated the techniques of ...
Castiglione, Baldassare
(ca. 1478-1529)    Italian writer and diplomat. The son of a professional soldier who served the marquis of Mantua, Castiglione received a humanistic education but began his ...
Catherine of Siena, Saint
(1347-1380)    Italian mystic, daughter of an influential Sienese family, canonized in 1461 and declared to be a doctor of the church in 1970. From childhood she was deeply ...
Caxton, William
(ca. 1422-1491)    The first Englishman to practice the new art of printing. A native of Kent and a member of the Mercers' Company of London, he spent many years living ...


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