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Acute myelogenous leukemia
1. Abbreviated AML. Also called acute myeloid leukemia or acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL). A quickly progressive malignant disease in which there are too many immature ...
Acute myeloid leukemia
1. A quickly progressive malignant disease in which there are too many immature blood-forming cells in the blood and bone marrow, the cells being specifically those destined to ...
Acute myocardial infarction
An acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a heart attack. The term "myocardial infarction" focuses on the heart muscle (the myocardium) and the changes that occur in it due to ...
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG)
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
Acute nonlymphocytic leukemia
1. Abbreviated ANLL. More commonly called acute myeloid leukemia (AML). A quickly progressive malignant disease in which there are too many immature blood-forming cells in the ...
Acute otitis media
Acute otitis media is inflammation of the middle ear. Acute otitis media typically causes fluid in the middle ear accompanied by signs or symptoms of ear infection: a bulging ...
Acute pancreatitis
1. Antibiotics may be given if signs of infection surface. Surgery may be needed if complications such as infection, cysts, or bleeding occur. Attacks caused by gallstones may ...
Acute respiratory disease
A sudden condition in which breathing is difficult and the oxygen levels in the blood abruptly drop lower than normal.
Acute thrombocytopenic purpura (ATP)
Sudden onset of low blood platelet levels with bleeding into the skin and elsewhere. ATP is due to many causes. It may, for example, constitute a potentially serious complication ...
Acute-phase proteins
Proteins whose plasma concentrations increase (or decrease) by 25% or more during certain inflammatory disorders. Perhaps the best known of acute-phase proteins is C-reactive ...
Characterized by absence of cyanosis.
Not cyclic; denoting especially an a. compound.
SYN: acyclovir.
A synthetic acyclic purine nucleoside analog used as an antiviral agent in the treatment of genital herpes; the sodium salt is used for parenteral therapy. SYN: ...
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.
acyl-ACP dehydrogenase, acyl-ACP reductase
SYN: enoyl-ACP reductase (NADPH).
Condensation product of a carboxylic acid and coenzyme A; metabolic intermediate of importance, notably in the oxidation and synthesis of fat. SYN: acyl- coenzyme A. - acyl-CoA ...
acyl-coenzyme A
SYN: acyl-CoA.
acyl-malonyl-ACP synthase
SYN: 3-oxoacyl-ACP synthase.
A compound in which an acyl group is combined with AMP by elimination of H2O between the OHs of a carboxyl group and of the phosphate residue of AMP, usually initially in the ...
Introduction of an acyl radical into an organic compound or formation of such a radical within an organic compound.
Condensation product of a carboxylic acid and carnitine. The transport form for a fatty acid crossing the inner mitochondrial membrane.
SYN: thioester.
Enzymes catalyzing the transfer of an acyl group from an acyl-CoA to various acceptors. SYN: transacylases.
Congenital absence of the urinary bladder. [G. a- priv. + kystis, bladder]
Ad lib
Abbreviation for the Latin "ad libitum" meaning "at pleasure" and "at one's pleasure, as much as one desires, to the full extent of one's wishes." Sometimes seen on a ...
ad sat
Abbreviation for L. ad saturatum, to saturation.
Prefix denoting increase, adherence, to, toward; near; very. [L. ad, to, toward; ]
Ad- (prefix)
Latin prefix meaning “toward” and “in the direction of” (among other things) as, for example, in adduction (movement of a limb toward the midline of the body), adrenal ...
Abbreviation for American Dental Association.
ADA (American Dental Association)
The mission statement of the ADA reads as follows: "The ADA is the professional association of dentists dedicated to serving both the public and the profession of dentistry. The ...
ADA deficiency
Lack of normal adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity, a genetic (inherited) condition causing one form of severe combined immunodeficiency ((SCID) disease. It is said to be ...
Absence of tears; tearlessness. [G. a- priv. + dakryon, tear, + -ia]
Without fingers or toes.
Adam's apple
A familiar anatomic feature in the front of the neck that is due to the forward protrusion of the thyroid cartilage, the largest and most prominent cartilage of the larynx. The ...
In dentistry, relating to the enamel of the teeth. Adamantine comes from the Greek and Latin word adamas which applied to substances having the hardness or luster of a diamond. ...
a. of long bones a rare tumor of limb bones, usually the tibia, that microscopically resembles an ameloblastoma; the histogenesis is uncertain. - pituitary a. SYN: ...
Albert, Polish pathologist, 1850–1921. See artery of A..
Sir William, British surgeon, 1760–1829. Robert, Irish physician, 1791–1875. See A.- Stokes disease, Stokes-A. disease, A.- Stokes syncope, A.- Stokes syndrome, Stokes-A. ...
Adams-Stokes disease
Sudden collapse into unconsciousness due to a disorder of heart rhythm in which there is a slow or absent pulse resulting in syncope (fainting) with or without convulsions. In ...
A vomiting agent that has been used in military training and in riot control. [ Roger Adams, Am. chemist]
Michel, French naturalist, 1727–1806. See adansonian classification.
1. Preferential survival of members of a species because of a phenotype that gives them an enhanced capacity to withstand the environment including the ecology. 2. An ...
adapter, adaptor
1. A connecting part, joining two pieces of apparatus. 2. A converter of electric current to a desired form.
A device for determining the course of retinal dark adaptation and for measuring the minimum light threshold.
Toward an axis, or on one or other side of an axis.
Abbreviation for AIDS dementia complex.
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, an immune response in which antibody, by coating target cells, makes them vulnerable to attack by immune cells. ...
ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder)
An inability to control behavior due to difficulty in processing neural stimuli. In November, 1998 the National Institutes of Health (NIH) issued a consensus report developed by ...
Abbreviation for L. a., add; L. addantur, let them be added; addendus, to be added; and addendo, by adding.
Common name for many members of the family Viperidae (the vipers), applied to several genera, although true adders are of the genus Vipera. [M.E. naddre, fr. O.E. naedre]
A person who is habituated to a substance or practice, especially one considered harmful or illegal.
Uncontrollable craving, seeking, and use of a substance such as a drug or alcohol. Dependence is such a point that stopping is very difficult and causes severe physical and ...
Addiction, computer
A disorder in which the individual turns to the Internet or plays computer games in an attempt to change moods, overcome anxiety, deal with depression, reduce isolation or ...
Thomas, U.S. internist, 1881–1949. See A. count.
Thomas, English physician, 1793–1860. See A. anemia, A. disease, addisonian anemia, addisonian crisis, A.- Biermer disease. Christopher, English anatomist, 1869–1951. See ...
Addison anemia
A blood disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Patients who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb vitamin B12. This ...
Addison disease
Long-term underfunction of the outer portion of the adrenal gland. In medical terms, chronic insufficiency of the adrenal cortex. This may be due to a number of different ...
Relating to or described by Thomas Addison; used in relation to pernicious anemia or the various features of Addison disease.
Addisonian anemia
A blood disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Patients who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb vitamin B12. This ...
1. A substance not naturally a part of a material ( e.g., food) but deliberately added to fulfill some specific purpose ( e.g., preservation). 2. Tending to add or be added; ...
The quality or state of being additive. - causal a. the relationship between two or more causal components such that their combined effect is the algebraic sum of their ...
A molecule on the surface of a cell that serves as a homing device to direct another molecule to a specific location. [address, fr. O.Fr. adresser, to direct, fr. L.L. ...
Bringing toward; adducting. [L. adducens, pres. p. of ad-duco, to bring]
A protein that binds to spectrin and actin and links the spectrin assembly.
1. To draw toward the median plane. 2. An addition product, or complex, or one part of the same. [L. ad-duco, pp. -ductus, to bring toward]
Adducted thumbs with mental retardation
A syndrome with the following characteristic features: {{}}neurologically: mental retardation and aphasia (lack of speech) limbs: adducted (clasped) thumbs, absent extensor ...
Movement of a limb toward the midline of the body. The opposite of adduction is abduction. An adductor muscle pulls toward the midline of the body. For example, the adductor ...
SYN: a. muscle.
Adductor muscle
Any muscle that pulls a body part toward the midline. For example, the adductor muscles of the legs pull the legs toward the midline of the body so the legs are closer together. ...
Abbreviation for adenine.
Of not clearly defined form. In the past this term was applied to certain cells of the gastric glands. [G. adelos, uncertain, not clear, + morphe, shape]
See adeno-.
Rarely used term for pain in a gland. [ aden- + G. algos, pain]
SYN: adendritic.
Without dendrites. SYN: adendric. [G., a- priv. + dendron, tree]
Excision of a gland. [ aden- + G. ektome, excision]
Presence of a gland other than in its normal anatomical position. [ aden- + G. ek, out of, + topos, place]
Rarely used term for an obstruction to the discharge of a glandular secretion. [ aden- + G. emphraxis, stoppage]
SYN: adenoid (1).
One of the two major purines (the other being guanine) found in both RNA and DNA, and also in various free nucleotides of importance to the body, such as AMP (adenylic acid), ATP, ...
Adenine (A)
One member of the A-T (adenine-thymine) base pair in DNA. The other base pair in DNA is G-C (guanine-cytosine). Each base pair forms a "rung of the DNA ladder." A DNA ...
Inflammation of a lymph node or of a gland. [ aden- + G. -itis, inflammation] - mesenteric a. an illness with abdominal pain and fever due to enlargement and inflammation of the ...
Conversion into glandlike structure.
adeno-, aden-
Combining forms denoting gland, glandular; corresponds to L. glandul-, glandi-. [G. aden, adenos a gland]
A malignant neoplasm consisting chiefly of glandular epithelium (adenocarcinoma), usually well differentiated, with foci of squamous (or epidermoid) neoplastic cells.
SYN: adenomatoid odontogenic tumor.
A proliferating embryonic cell with the potential to form glandular parenchyma. [adeno- + G. blastos, germ]
A malignant neoplasm of epithelial cells in glandular or glandlike pattern. SYN: glandular cancer, glandular carcinoma. - acinic cell a. an a. arising from secreting cells of a ...
Adenoma in which the neoplastic glandular epithelium forms cysts.
A secretory cell of a gland. [adeno- + G. kytos, a hollow (cell)]
Separation or ectopia of glands or glandular tissue from their usual anatomical sites, e.g., pancreatic glands in the wall of the small intestine, gastric glands in the wall of ...
Rarely used term for adenalgia. [adeno- + G. odyne, pain]
A benign neoplasm composed of glandular and fibrous tissues, with a relatively large proportion of glands.
SYN: sclerosing adenosis.
Having an origin from glandular tissue.
Relating to the adenohypophysis.
The anterior pituitary gland; it consists of the distal part, intermediate part, and infundibular part. SEE ALSO: pituitary gland. SYN: lobus anterior hypophyseos [TA], anterior ...
Inflammatory and fibriotic reaction affecting the anterior pituitary gland, often related to pregnancy. - lymphocytic a. a diffuse lymphocytic infiltration of the ...
1. Glandlike; of glandular appearance. SYN: adeniform. 2. See pharyngeal tonsil. [adeno- + G. eidos, appearance]
An operation for the removal of adenoid tissue in the nasopharynx. [ adenoid + G. ektome, excision]
Inflammation of adenoid tissue.
Masses of lymphoid tissue in the upper part of throat behind the nose. * * * 1. A normal collection of unencapsulated lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx. Also called pharyngeal ...
A benign neoplasm composed of glandular and adipose tissues. [G. aden, gland, + lipos, fat, + -oma, tumor]
A condition characterized by development of multiple adenolipomas. - symmetric a. SYN: multiple symmetric lipomatosis.
Cystic dilation of a lymph node following obstruction of the efferent lymphatic vessels. [adeno- + L. lympha, spring water, + G. kele, tumor]
Obsolete term for a benign glandular tumor usually arising in the parotid gland and composed of two rows of eosinophilic epithelial cells, which are often cystic and papillary, ...
A benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue. If it becomes cancerous, it is called an adenocarcinoma. * * * A benign epithelial neoplasm in which the tumor cells ...
Resembling an adenoma.
A condition characterized by multiple glandular overgrowths. - erosive a. of nipple SYN: subareolar duct papillomatosis. - familial multiple endocrine a. [MIM*131100] SYN: ...
Relating to an adenoma, and to some types of glandular hyperplasia.
Enlargement of a gland. [adeno- + G. megas, large]
Structural unit in the parenchyma of a developing gland which becomes the functional portion of the organ. [adeno- + G. meros, part]
A nodule that forms around tissue of the inner uterus (endometrial tissue) as a result of adenomyosis. See adenomyosis. * * * A benign neoplasm of muscle (usually smooth muscle) ...
Pronounced a-den-o- mi-o-sis, this is a common benign condition of the uterus in which the endometrium (the mucous membrane lining the inside of the uterus) grows into the ...
Adenomyosis uteri
Also known more succinctly as adenomyosis (pronounced ad-den-o-mi-o- sis), this is a common benign condition of the uterus in which the endometrium (the mucous membrane lining ...
Swelling or morbid enlargement of the lymph node s. [adeno- + G. pathos, suffering]
Acute inflammation of a gland and the adjacent connective tissue. [adeno- + G. phlegmone, inflammation]
A class of nematodes lacking lateral canals opening into the excretory system and phasmids, with few or no caudal papillae, eggs unsegmented, and with polar plugs or hatching in ...
SYN: Adenophorasida.
SYN: salpingitis isthmica nodosa.
A malignant neoplasm arising simultaneously or consecutively in mesodermal tissue and glandular epithelium of the same part. - müllerian a. a tumor of the uterus or ovaries, of ...
Relating to a gland or like a gland.
1. A condensation product of adenine and d-ribose; a nucleoside found among the hydrolysis products of all nucleic acid s and of the various adenine nucleotides. A. ...
adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate
An activator of phosphorylase kinase and an effector of other enzymes, formed in muscle from ATP by adenylate cyclase and broken down to 5′-AMP by a phosphodiesterase; the ...
adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic phosphate phosphodiesterase
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic phosphate forming 5′-AMP. A crucial step in the regulation of cellular adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic ...
adenosine 3′-phosphate
3′-Adenylic acid. See adenylic acid.
adenosine 3′-phosphate 5′-phosphosulfate
An intermediate in the formation of urinary ethereal sulfates, notable for containing a “high-energy” sulfate bond; the 3′-OH of adenosine is replaced by —OPO3H2, the ...
adenosine 5′-diphosphate
A condensation product of adenosine with pyrophosphoric acid, formed from ATP by the hydrolysis of the terminal phosphate group of the latter compound.
adenosine 5′-phosphate
5′-Adenylic acid. See adenylic acid.
adenosine 5′-phosphosulfate
An intermediate in the formation of PAPS (active sulfate). - a. kinase the enzyme that catalyzes the formation of active sulfate from a. and ATP.
adenosine 5′-triphosphate
Adenosine (5)pyrophosphate; adenosine with triphosphoric acid esterified at its 5′ position; immediate precursors of adenine nucleotides in RNA. The primary energy currency ...
Adenosine deaminase (ADA)
An enzyme that plays a key role in salvaging purine molecules.
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency
A genetic (inherited) condition that results in a immune deficiency disorder called severe combined immunodeficiency disease. Adenosine deaminase is an enzyme that plays a key ...
adenosine triphosphatase
An enzyme that catalyzes the release of the terminal phosphate group of adenosine 5′-triphosphate; visualized cytochemically in various cell membranes, mitochondria, and in the ...
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
A compound of critical importance in the storage of energy within cells in the body and in the synthesis (the making) of RNA. ATP is a nucleotide (a building block of a nucleic ...
1. A rarely used term for a more or less generalized glandular disease. 2. Glandular tissue in one or more sites in which it is not usually found. - blunt duct a. a. of the ...
The radical of adenosine minus an H or OH from one of the ribosyl OH groups, usually the 5′, e.g., S-a.-l-methionine.
A derivative of vitamin B12. Its impaired biosynthesis can lead to methylmalonic acidemia.
Incision of a gland. [adeno- + G. tome, a cutting]
Operative removal of tonsils and adenoids.
Rarely used term for adenose.
A family of double-stranded DNA viruses, commonly known as adenoviruses, that develop in the nuclei of infected cells in mammals and birds. The virion is 70 to 90 nm in diameter, ...
Adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival or A-P-C virus; any virus of the family Adenoviridae. More than 40 types are known to infect humans causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute ...
The radical or ion of adenine; often used for adenylyl, as in adenylosuccinic acid.
adenyl cyclase
An enzyme that converts adenosine monophosphate to cyclic adenosine monophosphate, an intracellular second messenger of neural and hormonal activation.
Salt or ester of adenylic acid. - a. cyclase an enzyme acting on ATP to form 3′,5′-cyclic AMP plus pyrophosphate. A crucial step in the regulation and formation of second ...
adenylic acid
A condensation product of adenosine and phosphoric acid; a nucleotide found among the hydrolysis products of all nucleic acid s. 3′-A. ( adenosine 3′-monophosphate) and ...
SYN: adenylosuccinate lyase.
adenylosuccinate lyase
Adenylylsuccinate lyase; an enzyme catalyzing the nonhydrolytic cleavage of adenylosuccinic acid producing AMP and fumarate and also of ...
adenylosuccinate synthase
A ligase catalyzing the formation of adenylosuccinate, GDP, and Pi from inosinic acid, aspartate, and GTP. An important enzyme in purine nucleotide biosynthesis. SYN: ...
adenylosuccinic acid
A condensation product of aspartic acid and inosine 5′-monophosphate; an intermediate in the biosynthesis of adenylic acid. Formally, it is adenylic acid with succinic ...
The radical of adenylic acid minus an OH from the phosphoric group; often shortened to adenyl in compound names, such as adenylosuccinic acid. - a. cyclase former name for ...
adenylylosuccinate lyase
SYN: adenylosuccinate lyase.
adenylylosuccinate synthase
SYN: adenylosuccinate synthase.
adenylylosuccinic acid
SYN: adenylosuccinic acid.
adenylylsulfate kinase
See adenosine 5′-phosphosulfate kinase.
1. Denoting fat or adipose tissue. 2. The rendered fat of swine, lard, used in the preparation of ointments. SYN: lard. SEE ALSO: a. lanae. [L. lard, fat] - a. lanae the ...
Congenital defect of absence of skin. [G. a- priv. + derma, skin]
Abbreviation for antidiuretic hormone; alcohol dehydrogenase.
ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
A peptide molecule that is released by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain after being made nearby (in the hypothalamus). ADH has an antidiuretic action that prevents ...
ADH secretion, inappropriate
The syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) results in the inability to put out dilute urine, perturbs fluid (and electrolyte) balance, and causes ...
1. The act or quality of sticking to something. SEE ALSO: adhesion. 2. The extent to which a patient continues an agreed-upon mode of treatment without close supervision. ...
Microbial surface antigens that frequently exist in the form of filamentous projections ( pili or fimbriae) and bind to specific receptors on epithelial cell membranes; usually ...
SYN: adhesion (1). [L.] - a. interthalamica [TA] SYN: interthalamic adhesion.
Severing of adhesive band(s); done by laparoscopy or laparotomy. [adhesion + lysis]
The union of two opposing tissue surfaces (often in reference to the sides of a wound). Also refers to scar tissue strands that can form in the area of a previous operation, such ...
Surgical section or lysis of adhesions.
1. Relating to, or having the characteristics of, an adhesion. 2. Any material that adheres to a surface or causes adherence between surfaces.
Adhesive capsulitis
Constant severe limitation of the range of motion of the shoulder due to scarring around the shoulder joint. Also called a " frozen shoulder." Adhesive capsulitis is an ...
Abbreviation for L. adhibendus, to be administered.
Referring to a thermodynamic process in which there is no gain or loss of heat between the system and its surroundings. [G. adiabatos, impassable, fr. a priv. + diabaino, to go ...
adiadochocinesia, adiadochocinesis
SYN: adiadochokinesis. [G. a-priv. + diadochos, successive, + kinesis, movement]
Inability to perform rapid alternating movements. One of the clinical manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction. SEE ALSO: dysdiadochokinesia. Cf.:diadochokinesia. SYN: ...
SYN: anhidrosis. [G. a- priv. + diaphoresis, perspiration]
SYN: anhidrotic.
Failure to respond to stimulation after a series of previously applied stimuli. [G. a- priv. + dia, through, + phoros, bearing]
A rare pulmonary mycosis of humans and of rodents and other animals that dig in soil or are aquatic, caused by the fungus Emmonsia parva var. crescens.
A fungus spore which, when growing in the lungs of an animal or incubated in vitro at elevated temperatures, increases greatly in size without eventual reproduction or ...
Absence or imperceptibility of the diastolic movement of the heart; diastolic ventricular functional abnormality. Mostly European usage. [G. a- priv. + diastole, dilation]
Impermeability to heat. [G. dia-thermaino, to warm through, fr. a- priv. + dia, through, + therme, heat]
William J., Australian physician, 1886–1935. See A. pupil, A. syndrome, Holmes-A. pupil, Holmes-A. syndrome.
Arrest of the capillary circulation. [G. a- priv. + dia, through, + haima, blood, + rhysis, a flowing]
A suborder of dinoflagellates, in which the flagella are free and do not lie in furrows. [G. a- priv. + dien, a whirling]
adip-, adipo-
Fat, fatty. Corresponds to G. lip-, lipo-. SEE ALSO: lipo-. [L. adeps, adipis, soft animal fat, lard, grease; fatty tissue; obesity; akin to G. aleipha, unguent, ...
adiphenine hydrochloride
A spasmolytic agent used to decrease spasm of the biliary tract, gastrointestinal tract, uterus, and ureter.
adipic acid
Hexanedioic acid; the dicarboxylic acid, HOOC(CH2)4COOH.
SYN: iodipamide.
See adip-.
Relating to both fatty and cellular tissues, or to connective tissue with many fat cells.
Relating to adipocere. SYN: lipoceratous.
A fatty substance of waxy consistency into which dead animal tissues (as those of a corpse) are sometimes converted when kept from the air under certain favoring conditions of ...
A fat cell, a connective tissue cell that has differentiated and become specialized in the synthesis (manufacture) and storage of fat. The adipocyte is important to the body in ...
SYN: lipogenesis.
adipogenic, adipogenous
SYN: lipogenic.
SYN: lipoid. [ adipo- + G. eidos, resemblance]
Denoting a substance or factor that causes mobilization of stored lipid. [ adipo- + G. kinesis, movement]
An anterior pituitary hormone that causes mobilization of fat from adipose tissue. SYN: adipokinetic hormone.
An instrument for determining the thickness of the skin. [ adipo- + G. metron, measure]
Rarely used term referring to necrosis of fat, as in hemorrhagic pancreatitis.
A hormone secreted by fat cells (adipocytes) that affects the body's response to insulin and may have other important effects. Adipocytes produce and secrete a number of proteins. ...
Condition in which painful areas of subcutaneous fat develop. [ adipo- + G. algos, pain]
"Adipose" means "fat" but is usually used to refer specifically to tissue made up of mainly fat cells such as the yellow layer of fat beneath the skin. The word "adipose" comes ...
Excessive local or general accumulation of fat in the body. SYN: lipomatosis, liposis (1), steatosis (1). [ adipo- + G. -osis, condition] - a. cerebralis obesity resulting ...
1. SYN: obesity. 2. Excessive accumulation of lipids in a site or organ.
SYN: lipuria. [ adipo- + G. ouron, urine]
adipsia, adipsy
Absence of thirst or the lack of desire to drink. [G. a- priv. + dipsa, thirst]
SYN: aperture, inlet. [L. access, fr. ad-eo, pp. -itus, go to] - a. ad antrum [TA] SYN: a. to mastoid antrum. - a. ad antrum mastoideum [TA] SYN: a. to mastoid antrum. - a. ...
1. In dentistry, any modification made upon a fixed or removable prosthesis during or after its insertion to perfect its adaptation and function. 2. SYN: adaptation (6). 3. A ...
The Latin “adjuvans” means to help, particularly to reach a goal. Adjuvant therapy for cancer is surgery followed by chemotherapy or radiation to help decrease the risk of the ...
Abbreviation for activities of daily living. See activities of daily living scale.
Alfred, Austrian psychiatrist, 1870–1937. See adlerian psychology, adlerian psychoanalysis. Oscar, German physician, 1879–1932. See A. test.
Relating to or described by Alfred Adler.
ADLs (activities of daily living)
The things we normally do in daily living including any daily activity we perform for self-care (such as feeding ourselves, bathing, dressing, grooming), work, homemaking, and ...
See admov.
admedial, admedian
Toward or near the median plane.
That which gives support to a part. [L. a hand-rest, prop, fr. ad + manus, hand] - a. lineae albae a triangular fibrous expansion, sometimes containing a few muscular fibers, ...
SYN: immittance.
Abbreviation for L. a., apply.
SYN: adneural.
1. Lying near a nerve. 2. In the direction of a nerve; said of an electric current passing through muscular tissue toward the point of entrance of the nerve. SYN: adnerval.
This Latin word (in the plural) is used in medicine in reference to appendages. For example, in gynecology the adnexa are the "appendages" of the uterus, namely the ...
Relating to the adnexa. SYN: annexal.
1. Excision of any adnexa. 2. In gynecology, excision of the fallopian tube and ovary if unilateral and excision of both tubes and ovaries ( adnexa uteri) if bilateral.
Inflammation of the adnexa uteri. [L. annexa, adnexa, + -itis, inflammation]
Operation for suspension of the fallopian tube and ovary; usually, oophoropexy is accomplished without suspension of the tube. [L. annexa, adnexa, + G. pexis, fixation]
Symbol for adenosine.
The period of life beginning with puberty and ending with completed growth and physical maturity. [L. adolescentia]
1. Pertaining to adolescence. 2. An individual in that stage of development.
Abbreviation for S-adenosyl-l- methionine.
Medicinal herb obtained from A. vernalis (family Ranunculaceae), grown in Eastern Europe and used there in the treatment of congestive heart failure. Contains strophanthidin and ...
SYN: ribitol.
Adoption medicine
Medicine for the adopted child, including pre-adoption counseling and evaluation based on a child's medical records as well as post-adoption consultations and, often, primary ...
Abbreviation for adenosine 5′-diphosphate.
SYN: apyrase.
See adreno-.
1. Near or upon the kidney; denoting the suprarenal (a.) gland. 2. A suprarenal gland or separate tissue or product thereof. SEE ALSO: suprarenal. [L. ad, to, + ren, kidney] - ...
Adrenal cortex
The outer portion of the adrenal gland located on top of each kidney. The adrenal cortex produces steroid hormones which regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism and ...
Adrenal failure
A condition in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the adrenal hormones that control important functions such as blood pressure. The adrenal glands sit on top of the ...
Adrenal gland
One of a pair of small glands, each of which sits on top of one of the kidneys. The adrenal is made up of an outer wall (the cortex) and an inner portion (the medulla). The ...
Adrenal medulla
The inner portion of adrenal gland. (The outer portion is the adrenal cortex). The adrenal medulla makes epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline). ...
Removal of one or both adrenal glands. [adrenal + G. ektome, excision]
A substance produced by the medulla (inside) of the adrenal gland, adrenaline (the official name in the British Pharmacopoeia) is synonymous with epinephrine. Technically ...
SYN: hypercorticoidism.
Inflammation of the adrenal gland.
Precursor of epinephrine in some manufacturing processes; a topical adrenergic agent in ophthalmology.
Any pathologic condition of the adrenal glands. SYN: adrenopathy. [adrenal + G. pathos, suffering]
1. Axillary and pubic hair growth during puberty induced by hyperactivity of the adrenal cortex. 2. Physiologic change at puberty caused by adrenocortical secretion of ...
1. Relating to nerve cells or fibers of the autonomic nervous system that employ norepinephrine as their neurotransmitter. Cf.:cholinergic. 2. Relating to drugs that mimic the ...
Relating to the suprarenal gland.
adreno-, adrenal-, adren-
Relating to the adrenal gland. [L. ad, to, near, + ren, kidney, + -o- + -alis, pertaining to]
Referring to chemical sites in effectors with which the adrenergic mediator unites. Cf.:cholinoceptive.
SYN: adrenergic receptors, under receptor.
Pertaining to suprarenal cortex.
SYN: corticosteroid.
Mimicking or producing effects similar to adrenocortical function. [adrenal + cortex + G. mimetikos, imitating]
adrenocorticotropic, adrenocorticotrophic
Stimulating growth of the adrenal cortex or secretion of its hormones. SYN: adrenotropic, adrenotrophic. [adrenal cortex + G. trophe, nurture; trope, a turning]
SYN: adrenocorticotropic hormone.
adrenogenic, adrenogenous
Of adrenal origin. [adreno- + G. -gen, producing]
A rare genetic (inherited) disorder characterized by the breakdown or loss of the myelin sheath surrounding nerve cells in the brain and progressive dysfunction of the adrenal ...
Denoting antagonism to or inhibition or blockade of the action of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and related sympathomimetics. SEE ALSO: adrenergic blocking agent. [adreno- + ...
Enlargement of one or both adrenal glands. [adreno- + G. megas, big]
Having an action similar to that of the compounds epinephrine and norepinephrine, which are liberated from the adrenal medulla and adrenergic nerves; term proposed to replace ...
A disorder of adult males, consisting of long-standing adrenal insufficiency, hypogonadism, progressive myelopathy, peripheral neuropathy, and sphincter disturbances; ...

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