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Слова на букву line-metr (2629)

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Line, central venous
A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of ...
Line, germ
A sequence of cells, each descended from earlier cells in the lineage, which will develop into new sperm and egg cells for the next generation.
SYN: line. [L.] - l. alba [TA] a fibrous band running vertically the entire length of the midline of the anterior abdominal wall, receiving the attachments of the oblique and ...
Descent in a line from a common progenitor or source. [O. Fr. ligne, line of descent]
Pertaining to or resembling a line.
A relationship between two quantities whereby a change in one causes a directly proportional change in the other. [L. linearis, linear, fr. linea, line]
Practice of successive inbreeding of closely related individuals with the object of concentrating desirable or scientifically interesting genetic characteristics of some ...
A layer of protective material. - asbestos l. a layer of asbestos used to line a dental casting ring so that during the heating and expansion of the investment the compression ...
Abbreviation for long interspersed elements, under element.
Hans, U.S. physical chemist, *1907. See L.- Burk equation, L.- Burk plot.
Per Henrik, Swedish hygienist, 1776–1839. See L. method.
SYN: Acinetobacter. [W. von Lingelsheim] - L. anitrata SYN: Acinetobacter calcoaceticus.
1. SYN: tongue (1). 2. SYN: tongue (2). [L. tongue] - l. cerebelli SYN: lingula of cerebellum. - l. fissurata SYN: fissured tongue. - l. frenata a tongue with a very short ...
1. Relating to the tongue or any tonguelike part. SYN: glossal. 2. Next to or toward the tongue.
A genus of endoparasitic bloodsucking arthropods (family Linguatulidae, class Pentastomida), commonly known as tongue worms; once thought to be degenerate Acarina, but now ...
Infection with Linguatula. SEE ALSO: halzoun.
One of the families of Pentastomida of medical interest, the other being the Porocephalidae. L. have flattened bodies; adults inhabit the nasal cavities of various carnivores, ...
1. A term applied to several tongue-shaped processes. 2. When not qualified, the l. of cerebellum. [L. dim. of lingua, tongue] - l. cerebelli [TA] SYN: l. of cerebellum. - l. of ...
Pertaining to any lingula.
Excision of the lingular portion of the left upper lobe of the lung.
The tongue. [L. lingua]
Relating to the line of junction of the lingual and occlusal surfaces of a tooth.
Axial inclination of a tooth when the crown is inclined toward the tongue more than is normal.
Displacement of a tooth toward the interior of the dental arch, or toward the tongue. SEE ALSO: lingual occlusion (2). SYN: lingual occlusion (1).
Relating to the lingual and distal part of the tooth, e.g., the l. cusp. SEE ALSO: distolingual.
1. Relating to the gingival third of the lingual surface of a tooth. 2. Relating to the angle or point of junction of the lingual border and gingival line on the distal or ...
Small painful ulcers involving the papillae on the tongue margins.
A partial denture major connector formed as a lingual bar extended to cover the cingula of the lower anterior teeth. SYN: lingual plate.
Malposition of a tooth lingual to the normal position.
A liquid preparation for external application or application to the gums; they may be clear dispersions, suspensions, or emulsions, and are frequently applied by friction to the ...
1. A bitter glycoside obtained from Linum catharticum (family Linaceae). 2. A protein in linseed. 3. Obsolete term for the threadlike, nonstaining ( achromatic) substance of the ...
A coating applied to the pulpal wall(s) of a restorative dental preparation to protect the pulp from thermal or chemical irritation; usually a vehicle containing a varnish, ...
Lining, uterine
The inner layer of the uterus (womb); the cells that line the womb; anatomically termed the endometrium. This tissue is normally shed monthly in response to the hormonal ...
Inflammation of cellular tissue, specifically of the perivascular tissue of the stomach. [G. linon, flax, linen cloth, + -itis, inflammation] - l. plastica originally believed to ...
A connection; bond. - tip links connections between the stereocilia of auditory and vestibular hair cells.
The tendency for genes and other genetic markers to be inherited together because of their location near one another on the same chromosome. A gene is a functional physical unit ...
Linkage analysis
Study aimed at establishing linkage between genes. Today linkage analysis serves as a way of gene-hunting and genetic testing. Linkage is the tendency for genes and other genetic ...
Linkage map
A map of the genes on a chromosome based on linkage analysis. A linkage map does not show the physical distances between genes but rather their relative positions, as determined ...
Said of two genetic loci that exhibit genetic linkage.
A fragment of synthetic DNA containing a restriction site that may be used for splicing genes.
linker scanning
A type of deletion mutagenesis where the distance and/or reading frame between potentially important regions is maintained by replacement with a synthetic oligonucleotide of ...
Carl von, Swedish botanist and physician, 1707-1778. See linnaean system of nomenclature.
A genus of sucking lice (order Anoplura, family Linognathidae) that includes the species L. africanus, the African blue louse of sheep and goats; L. ovillus, the sheep body ...
Salt of linoleic acid.
linoleic acid
9,12-Octadecadienoic acid; a doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycerides, that is essential in nutrition in mammals. SYN: linolic acid. [L. linum, flax, ...
linolenic acid
9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid (also referred to as α-l); an unsaturated fatty acid that is essential in the nutrition of mammals. γ-l. is 6,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid.
linolic acid
SYN: linoleic acid.
The dried ripe seed of Linum usitatissimum (family Linaceae), flax, the fiber of which is used in the manufacture of linen; an infusion was used as a demulcent in catarrhal ...
A soft, absorbent material rarely used in surgical dressings, usually in the form of a thick, loosely woven material (sheet or patent l.). [O.E. lin, flax]
See leio-.
One of the two fleshy folds which surround the opening of the mouth. The upper lip is separated from the nose by the philtrum, the area that lies between the base of the nose and ...
Lip, cleft
The presence of one or two vertical fissures (clefts) in the upper lip — cleft lip can be on one side only (unilateral) or on both sides (bilateral) — resulting from failure ...
See lipo-.
SYN: pancrelipase.
An omental hernia. [G. liparos, fatty, + kele, tumor, hernia]
1. In general, any fat-splitting or lipolytic enzyme; a carboxylesterase; e.g., triacylglycerol l., phospholipase A2, lipoprotein l.. 2. SYN: triacylglycerol l..
Surgical removal of fatty tissue, as in cases of adiposity. [lipo- + G. ektome, excision]
Lipectomy, suction-assisted
Another name for liposuction, the surgical removal of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the most common being the abdomen (the "tummy"), buttocks ("behind"), hips, ...
Chronic swelling, usually of the lower extremities, particularly in middle-aged women, caused by the widespread even distribution of subcutaneous fat and fluid. [lipo- + G. ...
The presence of an abnormally high concentration of lipids in the circulating blood. SYN: hyperlipidemia, hyperlipoidemia, lipidemia, lipoidemia. [lipid + G. haima, blood] - ...
Relating to lipemia.
Another word for "fat." (Please see the various meanings of Fat.) A lipid is more formally defined as a substance such as a fat, oil or wax that dissolves in alcohol but not in ...
Lipid profile
Pattern of lipids in the blood. (A lipid profile usually includes the total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and the calculated low ...
Lipid storage diseases
A series of disorders due to inborn errors in lipid metabolism resulting in the abnormal accumulation of lipids in the wrong places (Examples include Gaucher, Fabry and ...
SYN: lipemia.
Causing breakdown of lipid. [lipid + G. lysis, loosening]
Hereditary abnormality of lipid metabolism that results in abnormal amounts of lipid deposition; classification is typically based on the responsible enzymatic deficiency and ...
Another word for " fats." (Please see the various meanings of Fat.) Lipids can be more formally defined as substances such as a fat, oil or wax that dissolves in alcohol but not ...
Fritz A., German-U.S. biochemist in the U.S. and Nobel laureate, 1899–1986. See Warburg-L.-Dickens-Horecker shunt.
lipo-, lip-
Fatty, lipid. [G. lipos, fat]
See lipoic acid.
lipoamide dehydrogenase
SYN: dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase.
lipoamide disulfide
Oxidized lipoic acid in amide combination with the ε-amino group of an l-lysyl residue of pyruvic acid dehydrogenase.
lipoamide reductase
SYN: dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase.
Inflammation of the periarticular fatty tissues of the knee. [lipo- + arthritis]
A salt or ester of lipoic acid.
lipoate acetyltransferase
SYN: dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase.
SYN: lipoatrophy. - l. annularis a rare condition of unknown cause characterized by localized panatrophy, a depressed area encircling the arm with sclerosis and atrophy of ...
Loss of subcutaneous fat, which may be total, congenital, and associated with hepatomegaly, excessive bone growth, and insulin-resistant diabetes. SYN: Lawrence- Seip syndrome, ...
An embryonic fat cell. [lipo- + G. blastos, germ]
A benign subcutaneous tumor composed of embryonal fat cells separated into distinct lobules, occurring usually in infants.
A diffuse form of lipoblastoma that infiltrates locally but does not metastasize.
1. Relating to fatty heart. 2. Denoting a person suffering from fatty degeneration of the heart. [lipo- + G. kardia, heart]
Relating to the breakdown ( catabolism) of fat.
SYN: adipoceratous.
SYN: adipocere. [lipo- + L. cera, wax]
Temporary storage vacuoles of lipids found in the Golgi apparatus. SEE ALSO: phytosterolemia. [lipo- + mitochondria]
SYN: Hurler syndrome.
1. A pigmented lipid, e.g., lutein, carotene. SYN: chromolipid. 2. A term sometimes used to designate the wear-and-tear pigments, e.g., lipofuscin, hemofuscin, ceroid. More ...
SYN: lipolysis. [lipo- + G. klasis, a breaking]
SYN: lipolytic.
An apparatus and procedure for separating and volumetrically analyzing the amount of lipid in blood or other body fluid. [lipo- + G. krino, to separate]
SYN: fat-storing cell. [lipo- + G. kytos, cell]
Congenital, yellowish-white, fatty, benign tumor located subconjunctivally. [lipo- + dermoid]
SYN: lipolysis. [lipo- + G. diairesis, division]
SYN: lipodystrophy. - l. progessiva superior SYN: progressive lipodystrophy.
A disorder of adipose (fatty) tissue characterized by a selective loss of body fat. Patients with lipodystrophy have a tendency to develop insulin resistance, diabetes, a high ...
Lipodystrophy syndrome
A disturbance of lipid (fat) metabolism that involves the partial or total absence of fat and often the abnormal deposition and distribution of fat in the body. There are a number ...
Lipodystrophy, cephalothoracic
A disorder characterized by painless symmetrical diffuse deposits of fat beneath the skin of the neck, upper trunk, arms and legs. The condition is thought to be genetic although ...
Edema of subcutaneous fat, causing painful swellings, especially of the legs in women. SYN: cellulite (2).
A mixture predominantly of phospholipids used for aiding in the transfer of DNA into cells.
The process of injecting a lipid-complexed or contained DNA into eucaryotic cells. [lipo- + transfection]
Transporting fat. [lipo- + L. fero, to carry]
A benign neoplasm of fibrous connective tissue, with conspicuous numbers of adipose cells.
Brown pigment granules representing lipid-containing residues of lysosomal digestion and considered one of the aging or “wear and tear” pigments; found in liver, kidney, heart ...
Abnormal storage of any one of a group of fatty pigments. - ceroid l. SYN: Batten disease. - neuronal ceroid l. a group of diseases characterized by accumulation of abnormal ...
The production of fat, either fatty degeneration or fatty infiltration; also applied to the normal deposition of fat or to the conversion of carbohydrate or protein to fat. SYN: ...
Relating to lipogenesis. SYN: adipogenic, adipogenous, lipogenous.
SYN: lipogenic.
A nodule or focus of granulomatous inflammation (usually of the foreign-body type) in association with lipid material deposited in tissues, e.g., after the injection of certain ...
1. Presence of lipogranulomas. 2. Local inflammatory reaction to necrosis of adipose tissue. - disseminated l. a form of mucolipodosis, developing soon after birth because of ...
Obsolete term for lipemia.
lipoic acid
Functions as the amide ( lipoamide) in the disulfide (–S–S–) form in the transfer of “active aldehyde” (acetyl), the two-carbon fragment resulting from decarboxylation ...
1. Resembling fat. 2. Former term for lipid. SYN: adipoid. [lipo- + G. eidos, appearance]
SYN: lipemia.
Presence of anisotropic lipoids in the cells. - cerebroside l. (ser-e′bro-sid) a group of lysosomal storage diseases characterized by accumulation of lipid in cells of ...
Lipoidosis, sphingomyelin
Also called Niemann-Pick disease, this is a disorder of the metabolism of a lipid (fat) called sphingomyelin that usually causes the progressive development of enlargement of the ...
Augmentation of tissue with fat cells after atrophy, as in vocal cord paralysis or scarring.
Fatty infiltration, both neutral fats and anisotropic lipoids being present in the cells. SEE ALSO: liposis (2).
The splitting up (hydrolysis), or chemical decomposition, of fat. SYN: lipoclasis, lipodieresis. [lipo- + G. lysis, dissolution]
Relating to or causing lipolysis. SYN: lipoclastic.
A benign neoplasm of adipose tissue, composed of mature fat cells. SYN: adipose tumor. [lipo- + G. -oma, tumor] - l. annulare colli an encircling growth of l. (or coalescent ...
Resembling a lipoma, frequently said of accumulations of adipose tissue that is not thought to be neoplastic.
SYN: adiposis. - encephalocraniocutaneous l. a rare syndrome of multiple fibrolipomas or angiofibromas of the face, scalp, and neck present at birth, sometimes with symptomatic ...
Lipomatosis, multiple symmetric
A disorder characterized by painless symmetrical diffuse deposits of fat beneath the skin of the neck, upper trunk, arms and legs. The condition is thought to be genetic although ...
Pertaining to or manifesting the features of lipoma, or characterized by the presence of a lipoma (or lipomas).
An intraspinal cauda equinal lipoma associated with a spina bifida. [lipo- + G. meninx, membrane, + kele, tumor]
SYN: mucolipidosis I.
Associations or complexes containing lipids, nucleic acid s, and proteins.
Former name for Ornithonyssus. [lipo- + G. nysso, to prick]
An abnormally small amount, or a deficiency, of lipids in the body. [lipo- + G. penia, poverty]
1. Relating to or characterized by lipopenia. 2. An agent or drug that produces a reduction in the concentration of lipids in the blood.
lipopeptid, lipopeptide
A compound or complex of lipid and amino acid s.
A cell that ingests fat. [G. lipos, fat, + phago, to eat]
Relating to lipophagy.
Ingestion of fat by a lipophage. [lipo- + G. phago, to eat]
A change in certain cells whereby previously invisible fat becomes demonstrable as small sudanophilic droplets. See fatty degeneration. [lipo- + G. phaneros, visible, + -osis, ...
A substance with lipophilic ( hydrophobic) properties. [lipo- + G. philos, fond of]
Capable of dissolving, of being dissolved in, or of absorbing lipids.
lipophosphodiesterase I
SYN: phospholipase C.
lipophosphodiesterase II
SYN: phospholipase D.
1. A compound or complex of lipid and carbohydrate. 2. The l. ( endotoxin) released from the cell walls of Gram-negative organisms that produces septic shock.
A complex of lipid and protein, the way lipids travel in the blood. Cholesterol, a building block of the outer layer of cells (cell membranes), is transported through the blood ...
lipoprotein lipase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes one fatty acid from a triacylglycerol; its activity is enhanced by heparin and inactivated by heparinase. It is activated by apolipoprotein C-II; a ...
Complexes of lipid and protein, the way lipids travel in the blood. Cholesterol, a building block of the outer layer of cells (cell membranes), is transported through the blood ...
A malignant neoplasm of adults that occurs especially in the retroperitoneal tissues and the thigh, usually deep in the intermuscular or periarticular planes; histologically, ...
1. SYN: adiposis. 2. Fatty infiltration, neutral fats being present in the cells. SEE ALSO: lipolipoidosis. [lipo- + G. -osis, condition]
SYN: inositol.
1. A spherical particle of lipid substance suspended in an aqueous medium within a tissue. 2. Any small, roughly spherical artificial vesicle consisting of a lipid bilayer ...
The most common cosmetic operation in the U. S. with over 400,000 such surgical operations done annually, liposuction involves the surgical suctioning of fat deposits from ...
Liposuction, tumescent
The surgical suctioning of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the most common being the abdomen (the "tummy"), buttocks ("behind"), hips, thighs and knees, chin, upper ...
Liposuction, ultrasonic-assisted
Liposuction involves the surgical suctioning of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the most common being the abdomen (the "tummy"), buttocks ("behind"), hips, thighs ...
Removal of fat by high vacuum pressure; used in body contouring.
lipothiamide pyrophosphate
Name once given to the coenzymes of the multienzyme complex catalyzing the formation of acetyl-CoA from pyruvate and involving lipoamide and thiamin pyrophosphate, on the ...
Relating to lipotrophy.
An increase of fat in the body. [lipo- + G. trophe, nourishment]
1. Pertaining to substances preventing or correcting excessive fat deposits in liver such as occurs in choline deficiency. 2. Relating to lipotropy.
A pituitary hormone mobilizing fat from adipose tissue. β-L. is a single-chain peptide of 91 amino acyl residues that contains the sequences of endorphins, metenkephalin, and ...
1. Affinity of basic dyes for fatty tissue. 2. Prevention of accumulation of fat in the liver. 3. Affinity of nonpolar substances for each other. [lipo- + G. trope, turning]
A vaccine suspended in vegetable oil as a solvent. See adjuvant vaccine.
SYN: vitellin.
Pertaining to lipoxeny.
Desertion of the host by a parasite when the development of the latter is complete. [G. leipo, to leave, + xenos, host]
SYN: lipoxygenase.
A class of enzymes that catalyzes the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acid s with O2 to yield hydroperoxides of the fatty acid s; 5-l. catalyzes the first step in leukotriene ...
The acyl radical of lipoic acid.
lipoyl dehydrogenase
SYN: dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase.
The formation of a liplike structure, as at the articular end of a bone in osteoarthritis.
lippitude, lippitudo
SYN: blear eye. [L., fr. lippus, blear-eyed]
Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the vagina. They are the labia majora (the larger outside pair) and the labia minora (the ...
Benjamin, Austrian physician, 1878–1931. See L. cell.
Presence of lipids in the urine. SYN: adiposuria. [lipo- + G. ouron, urine]
Pertaining to lipuria.
1. Making liquid; causing a solid to become liquid. 2. Denoting a resolvant supposed to cause the resolution of a solid tumor by liquefying its contents. [L. lique-facio, pres. ...
The act of becoming liquid; change from a solid to a liquid form. [see liquefacient]
Relating to liquefaction.
A cordial; a spirit containing sugar and aromatics. [Fr.]
1. An inelastic substance, like water, that is neither solid nor gaseous and in which the molecules are relatively free to move with respect to each other yet still are ...
SYN: glycyrrhiza.
The flow of liquid. [L. liquor, fluid, + G. rhoia, flow]
Karl, Austrian ophthalmologist, *1907. See L. nodule.
Jacques, French surgeon, 1790–1847. See L. amputation, L. joints, under joint, L. ligaments, under ligament, L. operation, scalene tubercle of L..
An angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor used in the treatment of hypertension.
Lucien, Belgian scientist, *1907. See L.-Dunn stain.
Mispronunciation of the sibilants s and z. SYN: parasigmatism, sigmatism.
lissamine rhodamine B 200
SYN: sulforhodamine B.
Heinrich, German neurologist, 1861–1891. See L. bundle, L. column, L. fasciculus, L. tract, L. marginal zone, column of Spitzka-L..
SYN: agyria. [G. lissos, smooth, + enkephalos, brain]
Pertaining to, or characterized by, lissencephalia.
A brain malformation characterized by microcephaly and the lack of normal convolutions (folds) in the brain. Lissencephaly literally means "smooth brain." It is caused by ...
Having the property of relieving muscle spasm without causing flaccidity. [G. lissos, smooth]
A sphincter of smooth musculature. SYN: smooth muscular sphincter. [G. lissos, smooth, + sphincter]
lissotrichic, lissotrichous
Having straight hair. [G. lissos, smooth, + thrix ( trich-), hair]
Joseph (Lord L.), English surgeon, 1827–1912. See Listerella, Listeria, listerism, L. dressing, L. method, L. tubercle.
In bacteriology, a rejected generic name sometimes cited as a synonym of Listeria. The type species is L. hepatolytica. [ Joseph Lister]
A group of bacteria capable of causing miscarriage (spontaneous abortion), stillbirth and premature birth and which can also cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in ...
An important public health problem in N America involving infection caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. The disease affects primarily ...
SYN: Lister method.
Johann B., German physiologist, 1808–1882. See L. reduced eye, L. law.
Robert, English surgeon, 1794–1847. See L. knives, under knife, L. shears.
A soluble ergot derivative with endocrine effects similar to those of bromocriptine; a serotonin inhibitor.
A metric measure of capacity that, by definition, is equal to the volume of a kilogram of water at 4 degrees centigrade and at standard atmospheric pressure of 760 millimeters ...
gray l. reports containing data, e.g., on health and disease in a population, that are unpublished or have limited distribution. Examples include local health department reports ...
See litho-.
Causing the dislodgment or expulsion of calculi, especially urinary calculi. [litho- + G. agogos, drawing forth]
SYN: lead monoxide. [litho- + G. argyros, silver]
SYN: lithotomy. [litho- + G. ektome, excision]
Formation of calculi of any kind, especially of biliary or urinary calculi. [litho- + G. -iasis, condition] - l. conjunctivae hard nodules caused by deposition of calcareous ...
lithic acid
SYN: uric acid.
An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many of its salts have clinical applications. [Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone] - l. bromide LiBr; a white ...
Litho- (prefix)
Prefix meaning stone. A lithotomy is an operation to remove a stone. Lithotripsy involves crushing a stone. The stone may be in the gallbladder or in the urinary tract.
litho-, lith-
A stone, calculus, calcification. [G. lithos]
A genus of centipedes characterized by 15 pairs of legs. Species common in the U.S. include L. multidentatus and L. forficatus. [litho- + G. bios, life]
lithocholic acid
One of the acids isolated from human bile as well as from that of cows, rabbits, sheep, and goats.
SYN: lithotrite. [litho- + G. klastos, broken]
lithogenesis, lithogeny
Formation of calculi. [litho- + G. genesis, production]
Promoting the formation of calculi.
Resembling a calculus or stone. [litho- + G. eidos, resemblance]
lithokelyphopedion, lithokelyphopedium
A lithopedion in which the fetal parts in contact with the surrounding membranes, as well as the membranes, are calcified. [litho- + G. kelyphos, husk, shell, + paidion, child]
A type of lithopedion in which the fetal membranes alone undergo calcification. [litho- + G. kelyphos, rind, shell]
Obsolete instrument for holding a bladder calculus during its removal. [litho- + G. lambano, labein, to grasp]
The technique of crushing a stone in the bladder and washing out the fragments through a catheter. [litho- + G. lapaxis, an emptying out]
The dissolution of urinary calculi. [litho- + G. lysis, dissolution]
An instrument for injecting calculary solvents.
1. Tending to dissolve calculi. 2. An agent having such properties. [litho- + G. lysis, dissolution]
An instrument for pulverizing a stone in the bladder. [litho- + G. myle, mill]
Interstitial nephritis associated with calculus formation.
lithopedion, lithopedium
A retained fetus, usually extrauterine, that has become calcified. [litho- + G. paidion, small child]
A knife used in lithotomy.
A person skilled in lithotomy.
Cutting for stone; a cutting operation for the removal of a calculus, especially a vesical calculus. SYN: lithectomy. [litho- + G. tome, incision] - high l. SYN: suprapubic ...
The boring of holes in a calculus to facilitate its crushing. [litho- + G. tresis, a boring]
Procedure to break a stone into small particles that can be passed in the urine. * * * The crushing of a stone in the renal pelvis, ureter, or bladder, by mechanical force or ...
Lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock wave
A technique for shattering a kidney stone or gallstone with a shock wave produced outside the body. To focus on kidney stones here, there are several methods available for ...
Lithotripsy, percutaneous nephro- (PNL)
A technique for removing large and/or dense stones and staghorn stones. PNL is done via a port created by puncturing the kidney through the skin and enlarging the access port to 1 ...
1. Relating to lithotripsy. 2. An agent that effects the dissolution of a calculus.
A stone crushing machine used to shatter kidney stones and gallstones by physical or other means such as with a shock wave. There are several methods available for producing an ...
Crushing of a stone in the bladder under direct vision by use of a lithotriptoscope. [litho- + G. tribo, to rub, crush, + skopeo, to view]
A mechanical instrument used to crush a urinary calculus in lithotripsy. SYN: lithoclast. [litho- + L. tero, pp. tritus, to rub]
SYN: lithotripsy.
An organism whose carbon needs are satisfied by carbon dioxide. Cf.:chemoautotroph.
The passage of gravel in the urine. [litho- + G. ouresis, urination]
Excretion of uric acid or urates in large amount in the urine. [lithic (acid) + G. ouron, urine]
A blue coloring matter obtained from Roccella tinctoria and other species of lichens, the principal component of which is azolitmin; used as an indicator (reddened by acids and ...
1. A stretcher or portable couch for moving the sick or injured. 2. A group of animals of the same parents, born at the same time. SYN: brood (1). [Fr. litière; fr. lit, bed]
James, U.S. surgeon, 1836–1885. See L. area. William J., English surgeon, 1810–1894. See L. disease.
Alexis, French anatomist, 1658–1726. See Littré glands, under gland, Littré hernia.
Karl K.T., German gynecologist, 1815–1890. See L. obliquity.
livebirth, live birth
The birth of an infant who shows evidence of life after birth. SEE ALSO: liveborn infant.
A bluish discoloration of the skin, either in limited patches or general. [L. lividness, fr. liveo, to be black and blue] - postmortem l. a purple coloration of dependent parts, ...
Livedo reticularis
A mottled purplish discoloration of the skin. Livedo reticularis can be a normal condition that is simply more obvious when a person is exposed to the cold. Livedo reticularis ...
Pertaining to or resembling livedo.
The largest gland of the body, lying beneath the diaphragm in the right hypochondrium and upper part of the epigastric region; it is of irregular shape and weighs from 1–2 kg, ...
Liver cancer, adult primary
A tumor in which the cancer starts during adulthood in cells in the liver. Also called hepatocellular carcinoma. Primary liver cancer is different from cancer that has ...
Liver of pregnancy, acute fatty
Liver failure in late pregnancy, usually from unknown cause. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) typically occurs in first-time pregnancies in the last trimester. AFLP causes ...
Liver shunt
Transjugular, intraheptic, portosystemic shunt (TIPS), is a shunt (tube) placed between the portal vein which carries blood from the intestines to the liver and the hepatic ...
Any of the three major water-soluble proteins in egg yolk : α-l., serum albumin; β-l., α-glycoprotein; γ-l., serum γ-globulin.
Having a black and blue or a leaden or ashy gray color, as in discoloration from a contusion, congestion, or cyanosis. [L. lividus, being black and blue]
The state of being livid. - postmortem l. SYN: postmortem livedo.
Living will
A living will is one form of advance medical directive. Advance medical directives pertain to treatment preferences and the designation of a surrogate decision-maker in the ...
The livid discoloration of the skin on the dependent parts of a corpse. [L. a black and blue spot]

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