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Слова на букву line-metr (2629)

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Line, central venous
A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of ...
Line, germ
A sequence of cells, each descended from earlier cells in the lineage, which will develop into new sperm and egg cells for the next generation.
linea
SYN: line. [L.] - l. alba [TA] a fibrous band running vertically the entire length of the midline of the anterior abdominal wall, receiving the attachments of the oblique and ...
lineage
Descent in a line from a common progenitor or source. [O. Fr. ligne, line of descent]
linear
Pertaining to or resembling a line.
linearity
A relationship between two quantities whereby a change in one causes a directly proportional change in the other. [L. linearis, linear, fr. linea, line]
linebreeding
Practice of successive inbreeding of closely related individuals with the object of concentrating desirable or scientifically interesting genetic characteristics of some ...
liner
A layer of protective material. - asbestos l. a layer of asbestos used to line a dental casting ring so that during the heating and expansion of the investment the compression ...
LINES
Abbreviation for long interspersed elements, under element.
Lineweaver
Hans, U.S. physical chemist, *1907. See L.- Burk equation, L.- Burk plot.
Ling
Per Henrik, Swedish hygienist, 1776–1839. See L. method.
Lingelsheimia
SYN: Acinetobacter. [W. von Lingelsheim] - L. anitrata SYN: Acinetobacter calcoaceticus.
lingua
1. SYN: tongue (1). 2. SYN: tongue (2). [L. tongue] - l. cerebelli SYN: lingula of cerebellum. - l. fissurata SYN: fissured tongue. - l. frenata a tongue with a very short ...
lingual
1. Relating to the tongue or any tonguelike part. SYN: glossal. 2. Next to or toward the tongue.
Linguatula
A genus of endoparasitic bloodsucking arthropods (family Linguatulidae, class Pentastomida), commonly known as tongue worms; once thought to be degenerate Acarina, but now ...
linguatuliasis
Infection with Linguatula. SEE ALSO: halzoun.
Linguatulidae
One of the families of Pentastomida of medical interest, the other being the Porocephalidae. L. have flattened bodies; adults inhabit the nasal cavities of various carnivores, ...
linguiform
Tongue-shaped.
lingula
1. A term applied to several tongue-shaped processes. 2. When not qualified, the l. of cerebellum. [L. dim. of lingua, tongue] - l. cerebelli [TA] SYN: l. of cerebellum. - l. of ...
lingular
Pertaining to any lingula.
lingulectomy
Excision of the lingular portion of the left upper lobe of the lung.
linguo-
The tongue. [L. lingua]
linguo-occlusal
Relating to the line of junction of the lingual and occlusal surfaces of a tooth.
linguoclination
Axial inclination of a tooth when the crown is inclined toward the tongue more than is normal.
linguoclusion
Displacement of a tooth toward the interior of the dental arch, or toward the tongue. SEE ALSO: lingual occlusion (2). SYN: lingual occlusion (1).
linguodistal
Relating to the lingual and distal part of the tooth, e.g., the l. cusp. SEE ALSO: distolingual.
linguogingival
1. Relating to the gingival third of the lingual surface of a tooth. 2. Relating to the angle or point of junction of the lingual border and gingival line on the distal or ...
linguopapillitis
Small painful ulcers involving the papillae on the tongue margins.
linguoplate
A partial denture major connector formed as a lingual bar extended to cover the cingula of the lower anterior teeth. SYN: lingual plate.
linguoversion
Malposition of a tooth lingual to the normal position.
liniment
A liquid preparation for external application or application to the gums; they may be clear dispersions, suspensions, or emulsions, and are frequently applied by friction to the ...
linin
1. A bitter glycoside obtained from Linum catharticum (family Linaceae). 2. A protein in linseed. 3. Obsolete term for the threadlike, nonstaining ( achromatic) substance of the ...
lining
A coating applied to the pulpal wall(s) of a restorative dental preparation to protect the pulp from thermal or chemical irritation; usually a vehicle containing a varnish, ...
Lining, uterine
The inner layer of the uterus (womb); the cells that line the womb; anatomically termed the endometrium. This tissue is normally shed monthly in response to the hormonal ...
linitis
Inflammation of cellular tissue, specifically of the perivascular tissue of the stomach. [G. linon, flax, linen cloth, + -itis, inflammation] - l. plastica originally believed to ...
link
A connection; bond. - tip links connections between the stereocilia of auditory and vestibular hair cells.
Linkage
The tendency for genes and other genetic markers to be inherited together because of their location near one another on the same chromosome. A gene is a functional physical unit ...
Linkage analysis
Study aimed at establishing linkage between genes. Today linkage analysis serves as a way of gene-hunting and genetic testing. Linkage is the tendency for genes and other genetic ...
Linkage map
A map of the genes on a chromosome based on linkage analysis. A linkage map does not show the physical distances between genes but rather their relative positions, as determined ...
linked
Said of two genetic loci that exhibit genetic linkage.
linker
A fragment of synthetic DNA containing a restriction site that may be used for splicing genes.
linker scanning
A type of deletion mutagenesis where the distance and/or reading frame between potentially important regions is maintained by replacement with a synthetic oligonucleotide of ...
Linné
Carl von, Swedish botanist and physician, 1707-1778. See linnaean system of nomenclature.
Linognathus
A genus of sucking lice (order Anoplura, family Linognathidae) that includes the species L. africanus, the African blue louse of sheep and goats; L. ovillus, the sheep body ...
linoleate
Salt of linoleic acid.
linoleic acid
9,12-Octadecadienoic acid; a doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycerides, that is essential in nutrition in mammals. SYN: linolic acid. [L. linum, flax, ...
linolenic acid
9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid (also referred to as α-l); an unsaturated fatty acid that is essential in the nutrition of mammals. γ-l. is 6,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid.
linolic acid
SYN: linoleic acid.
linseed
The dried ripe seed of Linum usitatissimum (family Linaceae), flax, the fiber of which is used in the manufacture of linen; an infusion was used as a demulcent in catarrhal ...
lint
A soft, absorbent material rarely used in surgical dressings, usually in the form of a thick, loosely woven material (sheet or patent l.). [O.E. lin, flax]
lio-
See leio-.
Lip
One of the two fleshy folds which surround the opening of the mouth. The upper lip is separated from the nose by the philtrum, the area that lies between the base of the nose and ...
Lip, cleft
The presence of one or two vertical fissures (clefts) in the upper lip — cleft lip can be on one side only (unilateral) or on both sides (bilateral) — resulting from failure ...
lip-
See lipo-.
lipancreatin
SYN: pancrelipase.
liparocele
An omental hernia. [G. liparos, fatty, + kele, tumor, hernia]
lipase
1. In general, any fat-splitting or lipolytic enzyme; a carboxylesterase; e.g., triacylglycerol l., phospholipase A2, lipoprotein l.. 2. SYN: triacylglycerol l..
lipectomy
Surgical removal of fatty tissue, as in cases of adiposity. [lipo- + G. ektome, excision]
Lipectomy, suction-assisted
Another name for liposuction, the surgical removal of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the most common being the abdomen (the "tummy"), buttocks ("behind"), hips, ...
lipedema
Chronic swelling, usually of the lower extremities, particularly in middle-aged women, caused by the widespread even distribution of subcutaneous fat and fluid. [lipo- + G. ...
lipemia
The presence of an abnormally high concentration of lipids in the circulating blood. SYN: hyperlipidemia, hyperlipoidemia, lipidemia, lipoidemia. [lipid + G. haima, blood] - ...
lipemic
Relating to lipemia.
Lipid
Another word for "fat." (Please see the various meanings of Fat.) A lipid is more formally defined as a substance such as a fat, oil or wax that dissolves in alcohol but not in ...
Lipid profile
Pattern of lipids in the blood. (A lipid profile usually includes the total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and the calculated low ...
Lipid storage diseases
A series of disorders due to inborn errors in lipid metabolism resulting in the abnormal accumulation of lipids in the wrong places (Examples include Gaucher, Fabry and ...
lipidemia
SYN: lipemia.
lipidolytic
Causing breakdown of lipid. [lipid + G. lysis, loosening]
lipidosis
Hereditary abnormality of lipid metabolism that results in abnormal amounts of lipid deposition; classification is typically based on the responsible enzymatic deficiency and ...
Lipids
Another word for " fats." (Please see the various meanings of Fat.) Lipids can be more formally defined as substances such as a fat, oil or wax that dissolves in alcohol but not ...
Lipmann
Fritz A., German-U.S. biochemist in the U.S. and Nobel laureate, 1899–1986. See Warburg-L.-Dickens-Horecker shunt.
lipo-, lip-
Fatty, lipid. [G. lipos, fat]
lipoamide
See lipoic acid.
lipoamide dehydrogenase
SYN: dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase.
lipoamide disulfide
Oxidized lipoic acid in amide combination with the ε-amino group of an l-lysyl residue of pyruvic acid dehydrogenase.
lipoamide reductase
SYN: dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase.
lipoarthritis
Inflammation of the periarticular fatty tissues of the knee. [lipo- + arthritis]
lipoate
A salt or ester of lipoic acid.
lipoate acetyltransferase
SYN: dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase.
lipoatrophia
SYN: lipoatrophy. - l. annularis a rare condition of unknown cause characterized by localized panatrophy, a depressed area encircling the arm with sclerosis and atrophy of ...
lipoatrophy
Loss of subcutaneous fat, which may be total, congenital, and associated with hepatomegaly, excessive bone growth, and insulin-resistant diabetes. SYN: Lawrence- Seip syndrome, ...
lipoblast
An embryonic fat cell. [lipo- + G. blastos, germ]
lipoblastoma
A benign subcutaneous tumor composed of embryonal fat cells separated into distinct lobules, occurring usually in infants.
lipoblastomatosis
A diffuse form of lipoblastoma that infiltrates locally but does not metastasize.
lipocardiac
1. Relating to fatty heart. 2. Denoting a person suffering from fatty degeneration of the heart. [lipo- + G. kardia, heart]
lipocatabolic
Relating to the breakdown ( catabolism) of fat.
lipoceratous
SYN: adipoceratous.
lipocere
SYN: adipocere. [lipo- + L. cera, wax]
lipochondria
Temporary storage vacuoles of lipids found in the Golgi apparatus. SEE ALSO: phytosterolemia. [lipo- + mitochondria]
lipochondrodystrophy
SYN: Hurler syndrome.
lipochrome
1. A pigmented lipid, e.g., lutein, carotene. SYN: chromolipid. 2. A term sometimes used to designate the wear-and-tear pigments, e.g., lipofuscin, hemofuscin, ceroid. More ...
lipoclasis
SYN: lipolysis. [lipo- + G. klasis, a breaking]
lipoclastic
SYN: lipolytic.
lipocrit
An apparatus and procedure for separating and volumetrically analyzing the amount of lipid in blood or other body fluid. [lipo- + G. krino, to separate]
lipocyte
SYN: fat-storing cell. [lipo- + G. kytos, cell]
lipodermoid
Congenital, yellowish-white, fatty, benign tumor located subconjunctivally. [lipo- + dermoid]
lipodieresis
SYN: lipolysis. [lipo- + G. diairesis, division]
lipodystrophia
SYN: lipodystrophy. - l. progessiva superior SYN: progressive lipodystrophy.
Lipodystrophy
A disorder of adipose (fatty) tissue characterized by a selective loss of body fat. Patients with lipodystrophy have a tendency to develop insulin resistance, diabetes, a high ...
Lipodystrophy syndrome
A disturbance of lipid (fat) metabolism that involves the partial or total absence of fat and often the abnormal deposition and distribution of fat in the body. There are a number ...
Lipodystrophy, cephalothoracic
A disorder characterized by painless symmetrical diffuse deposits of fat beneath the skin of the neck, upper trunk, arms and legs. The condition is thought to be genetic although ...
lipoedema
Edema of subcutaneous fat, causing painful swellings, especially of the legs in women. SYN: cellulite (2).
lipofectin
A mixture predominantly of phospholipids used for aiding in the transfer of DNA into cells.
lipofection
The process of injecting a lipid-complexed or contained DNA into eucaryotic cells. [lipo- + transfection]
lipoferous
Transporting fat. [lipo- + L. fero, to carry]
lipofibroma
A benign neoplasm of fibrous connective tissue, with conspicuous numbers of adipose cells.
lipofuscin
Brown pigment granules representing lipid-containing residues of lysosomal digestion and considered one of the aging or “wear and tear” pigments; found in liver, kidney, heart ...
lipofuscinosis
Abnormal storage of any one of a group of fatty pigments. - ceroid l. SYN: Batten disease. - neuronal ceroid l. a group of diseases characterized by accumulation of abnormal ...
lipogenesis
The production of fat, either fatty degeneration or fatty infiltration; also applied to the normal deposition of fat or to the conversion of carbohydrate or protein to fat. SYN: ...
lipogenic
Relating to lipogenesis. SYN: adipogenic, adipogenous, lipogenous.
lipogenous
SYN: lipogenic.
lipogranuloma
A nodule or focus of granulomatous inflammation (usually of the foreign-body type) in association with lipid material deposited in tissues, e.g., after the injection of certain ...
lipogranulomatosis
1. Presence of lipogranulomas. 2. Local inflammatory reaction to necrosis of adipose tissue. - disseminated l. a form of mucolipodosis, developing soon after birth because of ...
lipohemia
Obsolete term for lipemia.
lipoic acid
Functions as the amide ( lipoamide) in the disulfide (–S–S–) form in the transfer of “active aldehyde” (acetyl), the two-carbon fragment resulting from decarboxylation ...
lipoid
1. Resembling fat. 2. Former term for lipid. SYN: adipoid. [lipo- + G. eidos, appearance]
lipoidemia
SYN: lipemia.
lipoidosis
Presence of anisotropic lipoids in the cells. - cerebroside l. (ser-e′bro-sid) a group of lysosomal storage diseases characterized by accumulation of lipid in cells of ...
Lipoidosis, sphingomyelin
Also called Niemann-Pick disease, this is a disorder of the metabolism of a lipid (fat) called sphingomyelin that usually causes the progressive development of enlargement of the ...
lipoinjection
Augmentation of tissue with fat cells after atrophy, as in vocal cord paralysis or scarring.
lipolipoidosis
Fatty infiltration, both neutral fats and anisotropic lipoids being present in the cells. SEE ALSO: liposis (2).
lipolysis
The splitting up (hydrolysis), or chemical decomposition, of fat. SYN: lipoclasis, lipodieresis. [lipo- + G. lysis, dissolution]
lipolytic
Relating to or causing lipolysis. SYN: lipoclastic.
lipoma
A benign neoplasm of adipose tissue, composed of mature fat cells. SYN: adipose tumor. [lipo- + G. -oma, tumor] - l. annulare colli an encircling growth of l. (or coalescent ...
lipomatoid
Resembling a lipoma, frequently said of accumulations of adipose tissue that is not thought to be neoplastic.
lipomatosis
SYN: adiposis. - encephalocraniocutaneous l. a rare syndrome of multiple fibrolipomas or angiofibromas of the face, scalp, and neck present at birth, sometimes with symptomatic ...
Lipomatosis, multiple symmetric
A disorder characterized by painless symmetrical diffuse deposits of fat beneath the skin of the neck, upper trunk, arms and legs. The condition is thought to be genetic although ...
lipomatous
Pertaining to or manifesting the features of lipoma, or characterized by the presence of a lipoma (or lipomas).
lipomeningocele
An intraspinal cauda equinal lipoma associated with a spina bifida. [lipo- + G. meninx, membrane, + kele, tumor]
lipomucopolysaccharidosis
SYN: mucolipidosis I.
liponucleoproteins
Associations or complexes containing lipids, nucleic acid s, and proteins.
Liponyssus
Former name for Ornithonyssus. [lipo- + G. nysso, to prick]
lipopenia
An abnormally small amount, or a deficiency, of lipids in the body. [lipo- + G. penia, poverty]
lipopenic
1. Relating to or characterized by lipopenia. 2. An agent or drug that produces a reduction in the concentration of lipids in the blood.
lipopeptid, lipopeptide
A compound or complex of lipid and amino acid s.
lipophage
A cell that ingests fat. [G. lipos, fat, + phago, to eat]
lipophagic
Relating to lipophagy.
lipophagy
Ingestion of fat by a lipophage. [lipo- + G. phago, to eat]
lipophanerosis
A change in certain cells whereby previously invisible fat becomes demonstrable as small sudanophilic droplets. See fatty degeneration. [lipo- + G. phaneros, visible, + -osis, ...
lipophil
A substance with lipophilic ( hydrophobic) properties. [lipo- + G. philos, fond of]
lipophilic
Capable of dissolving, of being dissolved in, or of absorbing lipids.
lipophosphodiesterase I
SYN: phospholipase C.
lipophosphodiesterase II
SYN: phospholipase D.
lipopolysaccharide
1. A compound or complex of lipid and carbohydrate. 2. The l. ( endotoxin) released from the cell walls of Gram-negative organisms that produces septic shock.
Lipoprotein
A complex of lipid and protein, the way lipids travel in the blood. Cholesterol, a building block of the outer layer of cells (cell membranes), is transported through the blood ...
lipoprotein lipase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes one fatty acid from a triacylglycerol; its activity is enhanced by heparin and inactivated by heparinase. It is activated by apolipoprotein C-II; a ...
Lipoproteins
Complexes of lipid and protein, the way lipids travel in the blood. Cholesterol, a building block of the outer layer of cells (cell membranes), is transported through the blood ...
liposarcoma
A malignant neoplasm of adults that occurs especially in the retroperitoneal tissues and the thigh, usually deep in the intermuscular or periarticular planes; histologically, ...
liposis
1. SYN: adiposis. 2. Fatty infiltration, neutral fats being present in the cells. SEE ALSO: lipolipoidosis. [lipo- + G. -osis, condition]
lipositol
SYN: inositol.
liposoluble
Fat-soluble.
liposome
1. A spherical particle of lipid substance suspended in an aqueous medium within a tissue. 2. Any small, roughly spherical artificial vesicle consisting of a lipid bilayer ...
Liposuction
The most common cosmetic operation in the U. S. with over 400,000 such surgical operations done annually, liposuction involves the surgical suctioning of fat deposits from ...
Liposuction, tumescent
The surgical suctioning of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the most common being the abdomen (the "tummy"), buttocks ("behind"), hips, thighs and knees, chin, upper ...
Liposuction, ultrasonic-assisted
Liposuction involves the surgical suctioning of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the most common being the abdomen (the "tummy"), buttocks ("behind"), hips, thighs ...
liposuctioning
Removal of fat by high vacuum pressure; used in body contouring.
lipothiamide pyrophosphate
Name once given to the coenzymes of the multienzyme complex catalyzing the formation of acetyl-CoA from pyruvate and involving lipoamide and thiamin pyrophosphate, on the ...
lipotrophic
Relating to lipotrophy.
lipotrophy
An increase of fat in the body. [lipo- + G. trophe, nourishment]
lipotropic
1. Pertaining to substances preventing or correcting excessive fat deposits in liver such as occurs in choline deficiency. 2. Relating to lipotropy.
lipotropin
A pituitary hormone mobilizing fat from adipose tissue. β-L. is a single-chain peptide of 91 amino acyl residues that contains the sequences of endorphins, metenkephalin, and ...
lipotropy
1. Affinity of basic dyes for fatty tissue. 2. Prevention of accumulation of fat in the liver. 3. Affinity of nonpolar substances for each other. [lipo- + G. trope, turning]
lipovaccine
A vaccine suspended in vegetable oil as a solvent. See adjuvant vaccine.
lipovitellin
SYN: vitellin.
lipoxenous
Pertaining to lipoxeny.
lipoxeny
Desertion of the host by a parasite when the development of the latter is complete. [G. leipo, to leave, + xenos, host]
lipoxidase
SYN: lipoxygenase.
lipoxygenase
A class of enzymes that catalyzes the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acid s with O2 to yield hydroperoxides of the fatty acid s; 5-l. catalyzes the first step in leukotriene ...
lipoyl
The acyl radical of lipoic acid.
lipoyl dehydrogenase
SYN: dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase.
lipping
The formation of a liplike structure, as at the articular end of a bone in osteoarthritis.
lippitude, lippitudo
SYN: blear eye. [L., fr. lippus, blear-eyed]
Lips
Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the vagina. They are the labia majora (the larger outside pair) and the labia minora (the ...
Lipschütz
Benjamin, Austrian physician, 1878–1931. See L. cell.
lipuria
Presence of lipids in the urine. SYN: adiposuria. [lipo- + G. ouron, urine]
lipuric
Pertaining to lipuria.
liquefacient
1. Making liquid; causing a solid to become liquid. 2. Denoting a resolvant supposed to cause the resolution of a solid tumor by liquefying its contents. [L. lique-facio, pres. ...
liquefaction
The act of becoming liquid; change from a solid to a liquid form. [see liquefacient]
liquefactive
Relating to liquefaction.
liqueur
A cordial; a spirit containing sugar and aromatics. [Fr.]
liquid
1. An inelastic substance, like water, that is neither solid nor gaseous and in which the molecules are relatively free to move with respect to each other yet still are ...
liquorice
SYN: glycyrrhiza.
liquorrhea
The flow of liquid. [L. liquor, fluid, + G. rhoia, flow]
Lisch
Karl, Austrian ophthalmologist, *1907. See L. nodule.
Lisfranc
Jacques, French surgeon, 1790–1847. See L. amputation, L. joints, under joint, L. ligaments, under ligament, L. operation, scalene tubercle of L..
lisinopril
An angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor used in the treatment of hypertension.
Lison
Lucien, Belgian scientist, *1907. See L.-Dunn stain.
lisping
Mispronunciation of the sibilants s and z. SYN: parasigmatism, sigmatism.
lissamine rhodamine B 200
SYN: sulforhodamine B.
Lissauer
Heinrich, German neurologist, 1861–1891. See L. bundle, L. column, L. fasciculus, L. tract, L. marginal zone, column of Spitzka-L..
lissencephalia
SYN: agyria. [G. lissos, smooth, + enkephalos, brain]
lissencephalic
Pertaining to, or characterized by, lissencephalia.
Lissencephaly
A brain malformation characterized by microcephaly and the lack of normal convolutions (folds) in the brain. Lissencephaly literally means "smooth brain." It is caused by ...
lissive
Having the property of relieving muscle spasm without causing flaccidity. [G. lissos, smooth]
lissosphincter
A sphincter of smooth musculature. SYN: smooth muscular sphincter. [G. lissos, smooth, + sphincter]
lissotrichic, lissotrichous
Having straight hair. [G. lissos, smooth, + thrix ( trich-), hair]
Lister
Joseph (Lord L.), English surgeon, 1827–1912. See Listerella, Listeria, listerism, L. dressing, L. method, L. tubercle.
Listerella
In bacteriology, a rejected generic name sometimes cited as a synonym of Listeria. The type species is L. hepatolytica. [ Joseph Lister]
Listeria
A group of bacteria capable of causing miscarriage (spontaneous abortion), stillbirth and premature birth and which can also cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in ...
Listeriosis
An important public health problem in N America involving infection caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. The disease affects primarily ...
listerism
SYN: Lister method.
Listing
Johann B., German physiologist, 1808–1882. See L. reduced eye, L. law.
Liston
Robert, English surgeon, 1794–1847. See L. knives, under knife, L. shears.
lisuride
A soluble ergot derivative with endocrine effects similar to those of bromocriptine; a serotonin inhibitor.
Liter
A metric measure of capacity that, by definition, is equal to the volume of a kilogram of water at 4 degrees centigrade and at standard atmospheric pressure of 760 millimeters ...
literature
gray l. reports containing data, e.g., on health and disease in a population, that are unpublished or have limited distribution. Examples include local health department reports ...
lith-
See litho-.
lithagogue
Causing the dislodgment or expulsion of calculi, especially urinary calculi. [litho- + G. agogos, drawing forth]
litharge
SYN: lead monoxide. [litho- + G. argyros, silver]
lithectomy
SYN: lithotomy. [litho- + G. ektome, excision]
lithiasis
Formation of calculi of any kind, especially of biliary or urinary calculi. [litho- + G. -iasis, condition] - l. conjunctivae hard nodules caused by deposition of calcareous ...
lithic acid
SYN: uric acid.
lithium
An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many of its salts have clinical applications. [Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone] - l. bromide LiBr; a white ...
Litho- (prefix)
Prefix meaning stone. A lithotomy is an operation to remove a stone. Lithotripsy involves crushing a stone. The stone may be in the gallbladder or in the urinary tract.
litho-, lith-
A stone, calculus, calcification. [G. lithos]
Lithobius
A genus of centipedes characterized by 15 pairs of legs. Species common in the U.S. include L. multidentatus and L. forficatus. [litho- + G. bios, life]
lithocholic acid
One of the acids isolated from human bile as well as from that of cows, rabbits, sheep, and goats.
lithoclast
SYN: lithotrite. [litho- + G. klastos, broken]
lithogenesis, lithogeny
Formation of calculi. [litho- + G. genesis, production]
lithogenic
Promoting the formation of calculi.
lithogenous
Calculus-forming.
lithoid
Resembling a calculus or stone. [litho- + G. eidos, resemblance]
lithokelyphopedion, lithokelyphopedium
A lithopedion in which the fetal parts in contact with the surrounding membranes, as well as the membranes, are calcified. [litho- + G. kelyphos, husk, shell, + paidion, child]
lithokelyphos
A type of lithopedion in which the fetal membranes alone undergo calcification. [litho- + G. kelyphos, rind, shell]
litholabe
Obsolete instrument for holding a bladder calculus during its removal. [litho- + G. lambano, labein, to grasp]
litholapaxy
The technique of crushing a stone in the bladder and washing out the fragments through a catheter. [litho- + G. lapaxis, an emptying out]
litholysis
The dissolution of urinary calculi. [litho- + G. lysis, dissolution]
litholyte
An instrument for injecting calculary solvents.
litholytic
1. Tending to dissolve calculi. 2. An agent having such properties. [litho- + G. lysis, dissolution]
lithomyl
An instrument for pulverizing a stone in the bladder. [litho- + G. myle, mill]
lithonephritis
Interstitial nephritis associated with calculus formation.
lithopedion, lithopedium
A retained fetus, usually extrauterine, that has become calcified. [litho- + G. paidion, small child]
lithotome
A knife used in lithotomy.
lithotomist
A person skilled in lithotomy.
lithotomy
Cutting for stone; a cutting operation for the removal of a calculus, especially a vesical calculus. SYN: lithectomy. [litho- + G. tome, incision] - high l. SYN: suprapubic ...
lithotresis
The boring of holes in a calculus to facilitate its crushing. [litho- + G. tresis, a boring]
Lithotripsy
Procedure to break a stone into small particles that can be passed in the urine. * * * The crushing of a stone in the renal pelvis, ureter, or bladder, by mechanical force or ...
Lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock wave
A technique for shattering a kidney stone or gallstone with a shock wave produced outside the body. To focus on kidney stones here, there are several methods available for ...
Lithotripsy, percutaneous nephro- (PNL)
A technique for removing large and/or dense stones and staghorn stones. PNL is done via a port created by puncturing the kidney through the skin and enlarging the access port to 1 ...
lithotriptic
1. Relating to lithotripsy. 2. An agent that effects the dissolution of a calculus.
Lithotriptor
A stone crushing machine used to shatter kidney stones and gallstones by physical or other means such as with a shock wave. There are several methods available for producing an ...
lithotriptoscopy
Crushing of a stone in the bladder under direct vision by use of a lithotriptoscope. [litho- + G. tribo, to rub, crush, + skopeo, to view]
lithotrite
A mechanical instrument used to crush a urinary calculus in lithotripsy. SYN: lithoclast. [litho- + L. tero, pp. tritus, to rub]
lithotrity
SYN: lithotripsy.
lithotroph
An organism whose carbon needs are satisfied by carbon dioxide. Cf.:chemoautotroph.
lithuresis
The passage of gravel in the urine. [litho- + G. ouresis, urination]
lithuria
Excretion of uric acid or urates in large amount in the urine. [lithic (acid) + G. ouron, urine]
litmus
A blue coloring matter obtained from Roccella tinctoria and other species of lichens, the principal component of which is azolitmin; used as an indicator (reddened by acids and ...
litter
1. A stretcher or portable couch for moving the sick or injured. 2. A group of animals of the same parents, born at the same time. SYN: brood (1). [Fr. litière; fr. lit, bed]
Little
James, U.S. surgeon, 1836–1885. See L. area. William J., English surgeon, 1810–1894. See L. disease.
Littré
Alexis, French anatomist, 1658–1726. See Littré glands, under gland, Littré hernia.
Litzmann
Karl K.T., German gynecologist, 1815–1890. See L. obliquity.
livebirth, live birth
The birth of an infant who shows evidence of life after birth. SEE ALSO: liveborn infant.
livedo
A bluish discoloration of the skin, either in limited patches or general. [L. lividness, fr. liveo, to be black and blue] - postmortem l. a purple coloration of dependent parts, ...
Livedo reticularis
A mottled purplish discoloration of the skin. Livedo reticularis can be a normal condition that is simply more obvious when a person is exposed to the cold. Livedo reticularis ...
livedoid
Pertaining to or resembling livedo.
liver
The largest gland of the body, lying beneath the diaphragm in the right hypochondrium and upper part of the epigastric region; it is of irregular shape and weighs from 1–2 kg, ...
Liver cancer, adult primary
A tumor in which the cancer starts during adulthood in cells in the liver. Also called hepatocellular carcinoma. Primary liver cancer is different from cancer that has ...
Liver of pregnancy, acute fatty
Liver failure in late pregnancy, usually from unknown cause. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) typically occurs in first-time pregnancies in the last trimester. AFLP causes ...
Liver shunt
Transjugular, intraheptic, portosystemic shunt (TIPS), is a shunt (tube) placed between the portal vein which carries blood from the intestines to the liver and the hepatic ...
livetin
Any of the three major water-soluble proteins in egg yolk : α-l., serum albumin; β-l., α-glycoprotein; γ-l., serum γ-globulin.
livid
Having a black and blue or a leaden or ashy gray color, as in discoloration from a contusion, congestion, or cyanosis. [L. lividus, being black and blue]
lividity
The state of being livid. - postmortem l. SYN: postmortem livedo.
Living will
A living will is one form of advance medical directive. Advance medical directives pertain to treatment preferences and the designation of a surrogate decision-maker in the ...
livor
The livid discoloration of the skin on the dependent parts of a corpse. [L. a black and blue spot]

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