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M.Ch.
Abbreviation for Magister Chirurgiae, Master of Surgery.
M.D.
Abbreviation of Medicinae Doctor, Doctor of Medicine.
M.D.S.
Abbreviation of Master of Dental Surgery.
M.O.
Abbreviation for Medical Officer.
m.p.
1. Abbreviation for melting point. 2. Abbreviation for [L] modo praescripto, in the manner prescribed.
M.R.C.P.
Abbreviation for Member of the Royal College of Physicians (of England). Abbreviation for Member of the Royal College of Physicians (Edinburgh). Abbreviation for Member of the ...
M.R.C.S.
Abbreviation for Member of the Royal College of Surgeons (England). Abbreviation for Member of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh). Abbreviation for Member of the Royal ...
M.S.D.
Abbreviation for Master of Science in Dentistry.
m.u.
Abbreviation for mouse unit.
MA
Abbreviation for mental age; mentoanterior position.
ma, mA
Abbreviation for milliampere.
Ma-huang
Name for Ephedra equisetina. [Chinese]
MAA
Abbreviation for macroaggregated albumin.
MAB
Abbreviation for monoclonal antibody.
MAC
1. Abbreviation for minimal anesthetic concentration; minimal alveolar concentration; membrane attack complex. 2. Abbreviation for Mycobacterium avium complex. See ...
MAC (Mycobacterium avium complex)
MAC is a serious opportunistic infection caused by two similar bacteria (Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intercellulare) found in the soil and dust particles. In AIDS, MAC ...
Mac-
For proper names beginning thus, see also Mc-.
Macaca
A large genus of Old World monkeys (family Cercopithecidae) that includes the macaque and rhesus monkeys, and the Barbary apes. M. mulatta, the rhesus monkey, is used as a ...
macaque
See Macaca. [Fr.]
MacConkey
Alfred T., British bacteriologist, 1861–1931. See M. agar.
Mace, MACE
Acronym for methylchloroform 2-chloracetophenone (the classical lacrimator) in a light petroleum dispersant and a pressurized propellant.
Macerate
To soften tissues after death by soaking and by enzymatic digestion, as occurs with a stillborn. The word "macerate" comes from the Latin "macero" meaning to soften by soaking ...
maceration
1. Softening by the action of a liquid. 2. Softening of tissues after death by nonputrefactive ( sterile) autolysis; seen especially in the stillborn, with detachment of the ...
Macewen
Sir William, Scottish surgeon, 1848–1924. See M. sign, M. symptom, M. triangle.
Macewen operation
A surgical operation for inguinal hernia designed by Sir William Macewen (1848-1924), a surgeon in Glascow, Scotland who also described Macewen’s sign for the detection of ...
Macewen sign
A sign to detect hydrocephalus and brain abscess. Percussion (tapping) on the skull at a particular spot (near the junction of the frontal, temporal and parietal bones) yields ...
Mach
Ernst, Austrian scientist, 1838–1916. See M. band, M. number.
machine
Any mechanical apparatus or device. [L. machina, contrivance] - anesthesia m. equipment used for inhalation anesthesia, including flowmeters, vaporizers, and sources of compressed ...
Machine, continuous passive motion machine
A machine used to help rehabilitate a limb (an arm or leg). The continuous passive motion (CPM) machine is attached to, for example, a knee that has had surgery. The CPM machine ...
Machine, CPM
A machine used to help rehabilitate a limb (an arm or leg). The continuous passive motion (CPM) machine is attached to, for example, a knee that has had surgery. The CPM machine ...
Machine, heart-lung
A machine that does the work both of the heart (pump blood) and the lungs (oxygenate the blood). Used, for example, in open heart surgery. Blood returning to the heart is diverted ...
Mackay
Ralph Stuart, U.S. physicist, *1924. See M.-Marg tonometer.
Mackenrodt
Alwin K., German gynecologist, 1859–1925. See M. ligament.
Mackenzie
Sir James, Scottish physician practicing in London, 1853–1925. See M. polygraph. Richard J., Scottish surgeon, 1821–1854. See M. amputation.
MacLachlan
Elsie A., 20th century researcher. See Lowe-Terrey-M. syndrome.
Macleod
Roderick, Scottish physician, 1795–1852. See M. rheumatism. William Mathieson, British physician, 1911–1977. See M. syndrome, Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome.
maclurin
A natural dye associated with morin and derived from fustic; used to dye fabrics with various metal mordants. It turns deep green on addition of ferric chloride.
MacNeal
Ward J., U.S. bacteriologist, 1881–1946. See M. tetrachrome blood stain, Novy and M. blood agar.
macr-
See macro-.
Macracanthorhynchus
A genus of giant thorny-headed worms (class Acanthocephala). [macro- + G. akantha, thorn, + rhynchos, snout] - M. hirudinaceus the giant thorny-headed worm of the pig, ...
macrencephaly, macrencephalia
Hypertrophy of the brain; the condition of having a large brain. [macro- + G. enkephalos, brain]
Macro- (prefix)
Prefix from the Greek "makros" meaning large or long. Examples of terms involving macro- include macrobiotic, macrocephaly, macrocytic, macroglossia, macrophage, macroscopic, ...
macro-, macr-
Large, long. SEE ALSO: mega-, megalo-. [G. makros]
macroadenoma
A pituitary adenoma larger than 10 mm in diameter.
macroamylase
Descriptive term applied to a form of serum amylase in which the enzyme is present as a complex joined to a globulin; the molecular weight of the enzyme alone is 50,000, whereas ...
macroamylasemia
A form of hyperamylasemia, in which a portion of serum amylase exists as macroamylase. [ macroamylase + G. haima, blood]
Macroangiopathy
Angiopathy means disease of the blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries). There are two types of angiopathy: microangiopathy and macroangiopathy. With microangiopathy, ...
macrobacterium
SYN: megabacterium.
macrobiosis
SYN: longevity. [macro- + G. bios, life]
Macrobiota
The living organisms (or flora and fauna) of a region that are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. From the Greek macro-, large + bios, life.
macrobiote
An organism that is long-lived. [macro- + G. bios, life]
Macrobiotic
Macrobiotic refers to the macrobiota, a region’s living organisms (or flora and fauna) large enough to be seen with the naked eye. However, macro- comes from the Greek ...
macrobiotics
The study of the prolongation of life.
macroblast
A large erythroblast. [macro- + G. blastos, germ]
macroblepharon
An abnormally large eyelid. [macro- + G. blepharon, eyelid]
macrobrachia
Condition of having abnormally thick or long arms. [macro- + G. brachion, arm]
macrocardia
SYN: cardiomegaly.
macrocephalic, macrocephalous
SYN: megacephalic. [macro- + G. kephale, head]
macrocephaly, macrocephalia
SYN: megacephaly. [macro- + G. kephale, head]
Macrocephaly, multiple lipomas, and hemangiomas
Bannayan syndrome, a genetic disease characterized by macrocephaly (enlarged head), multiple lipomas (benign fatty tumors) and hemangiomas (benign blood vessel tumors). The ...
macrocheilia, macrochilia
1. Abnormally enlarged lips. SYN: macrolabia. 2. Cavernous lymphangioma of the lip, a condition of permanent swelling of the lip resulting from the presence of greatly ...
macrocheiria, macrochiria
A condition characterized by abnormally large hands. SYN: cheiromegaly, chiromegaly, megalocheiria, megalochiria. [macro- + G. cheir, hand]
macrochemistry
The use of chemical procedures, the reactions of which (color change, effervescence, etc.) are visible to the unaided eye. Cf.:microchemistry.
macrochylomicron
An unusually large chylomicron.
macrocnemia
A condition characterized by enlargement of the legs below the knee. [macro- + G. kneme, leg]
macrococcus
SYN: megacoccus.
macrocolon
A sigmoid colon of unusual length; a variety of megacolon.
macroconidium
1. A conidium, or exospore, of large size. 2. In fungi, the larger of two distinctively different-sized types of conidia in a single species, thick- or thin-walled and ...
macrocornea
An abnormally large cornea.
macrocranium
An enlarged skull, especially the bones containing the brain, as seen in hydrocephalus; the face appears relatively small in comparison.
macrocryoglobulin
A macroglobulin that has the properties of a cryoglobulin.
macrocryoglobulinemia
The presence of cold-precipitating macroglobulins in the peripheral blood; such macrocryoglobulins are often called cold hemagglutinins.
macrocyst
A cyst of macroscopic proportions.
macrocyte
A large erythrocyte, such as those observed in pernicious anemia. SYN: macroerythrocyte. [macro- + G. kytos, a hollow (cell)]
macrocythemia
The occurrence of unusually large numbers of macrocytes in the circulating blood. SYN: macrocytosis, megalocythemia, megalocytosis. [ macrocyte + G. haima, blood] - ...
Macrocytic
Literally, any abnormally large cell but, in practice, usually refers to an abnormally large red blood cell. Folic acid deficiency is one cause of macrocytic anemia. The opposite ...
macrocytosis
SYN: macrocythemia. [ macrocyte + G. -osis, condition]
macrodont
1. A tooth of abnormally large and frequently distorted proportions; the condition may be localized or generalized. 2. Denoting a skull with a dental index above 44. SYN: ...
macrodontia, macrodontism
The state of having abnormally large teeth. SYN: megadontism, megalodontia.
macrodystrophia lipomatosa
A rare nonfamilial disease characterized by enlargement of the fingers by lipomas, with painful degenerative arthropathy of the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints. ...
macroelements
Inorganic nutrients needed in relatively high daily amounts ( i.e., more than 100 mg per day) e.g., calcium, phosphorus, sodium, etc. SYN: macrominerals.
macroencephalon
SYN: megaloencephalon. [macro- + G. enkephalos, brain]
macroerythroblast
A large erythroblast. SYN: macronormochromoblast.
macroerythrocyte
SYN: macrocyte.
macroesthesia
A subjective sensation that all objects are larger than they are. [macro- + G. aisthesis, sensation]
macrogamete
The female element in anisogamy; it is the larger of the two sex cells, with more reserve material, and usually nonmotile. SYN: megagamete. [macro- + G. gamete, wife]
macrogametocyte
The female gametocyte or mother cell producing the female or macrogamete among fungi or protozoa that undergo anisogamy. SYN: macrogamont.
macrogamont
SYN: macrogametocyte.
macrogamy
Conjugation of two adult cells or gametes. [macro- + G. gamos, marriage]
macrogastria
SYN: megalogastria.
Macrogenitosomia
Condition in which the external sex organs are prematurely enlarged or abnormally enlarged. In males, it is caused by an excess of the hormone androgen during fetal development. ...
macroglia
SYN: astrocyte. [macro- + G. glia, glue]
macroglobulinemia
The presence of increased levels of macroglobulins in the circulating blood. - Waldenström m. m. occurring in elderly persons, characterized by proliferation of cells ...
Macroglobulinemia, Waldenstrom
A chronic low-grade (indolent) type of lymphoma due to a malignant clone of plasma cells. These plasma cells multiply out of control, invade the bone marrow, lymph nodes, and ...
macroglobulins
Plasma globulins of unusually large molecular weight, e.g., as much as 1,000,000; α2-macroglobulin inhibits thrombin and other proteases.
macroglossia
Enlargement of the tongue, either developmental in origin or secondary to a neoplasm or vascular hamartoma. SYN: megaloglossia. [macro- + G. glossa, tongue]
Macrognathia
An abnormally large jaw. This condition is associated with pituitary gigantism, tumors, and other disorders. Macrognathia can often be corrected with surgery. Also called ...
macrography
Rarely used term for writing with very large letters. SYN: megalographia. [macro- + G. grapho, to write]
macrogyria
SYN: pachygyria. [macro- + G. gyros, circle (gyrus)]
macrolabia
SYN: macrocheilia (1). [macro- + L. labium, lip]
macroleukoblast
An unusually large leukoblast.
Macrolide
One in a class of antibiotics that includes Biaxin, Clarithromycin, Ery-Tab, and Erythromycin. The macrolides inhibit the growth of bacteria and are often prescribed to treat ...
macrolides
A class of antibiotics discovered in streptomycetes, characterized by molecules made up of large-ring lactones; e.g., erythromycin; many inhibit protein biosynthesis.
macromastia, macromazia
Abnormally large breasts. SEE ALSO: hypermastia (2). [macro- + G. mastos, breast]
macromelanosome
SYN: giant melanosome.
macromelia
Abnormal size of one or more of the limbs. SYN: megalomelia. [macro- + G. melos, limb]
macromere
A blastomere of large size, as in amphibians. [macro- + G. meros, part]
macromerozoite
A large merozoite. SYN: megamerozoite. [macro- + G. meros, part, + zoon, animal]
macrominerals
SYN: macroelements.
macromolecule
A molecule of colloidal size; e.g., proteins, polynucleic acids, polysaccharides.
macromonocyte
An unusually large monocyte.
macromyeloblast
An abnormally large myeloblast.
macronormoblast
1. A large normoblast. 2. A large, incompletely hemoglobiniferous, nucleated red blood cell with a “cart-wheel” nucleus.
macronormochromoblast
SYN: macroerythroblast.
macronucleus
1. A nucleus that occupies a relatively large portion of the cell, or the larger nucleus where two or more are present in a cell. SYN: meganucleus. 2. The larger of the two ...
macronutrients
Nutrients required in the greatest amount; e.g., carbohydrates, protein, fats.
macronychia
Abnormally large fingernails or toenails. [macro- + G. onyx, nail]
macroorchidism
Having abnormally large testes; seen in males with fragile X syndrome. [macro- + G. orchis (orchid-), testicle]
macroparasite
A parasite, such as a louse or an intestinal worm, that is visible to the naked eye.
macropathology
The phase of pathology that pertains to the gross anatomic changes in disease.
macropenis
An abnormally large penis. SYN: macrophallus.
Macrophage
A type of white blood that ingests (takes in) foreign material. Macrophages are key players in the immune response to foreign invaders such as infectious microorganisms. Blood ...
Macrophagic myofasciitis
A muscle disease first identified in 1993, macrophagic myofasciitis is named for the findings seen in tissue from muscle biopsies, namely an abnormal infiltrate surrounding ...
macrophagocyte
SYN: macrophage.
macrophallus
SYN: macropenis. [macro- + G. phallos, penis]
macrophthalmia
SYN: megalophthalmos. [macro- + G. ophthalmos, eye]
macropodia
Abnormally large feet. SYN: megalopodia, pes gigas. [macro- + G. pous, foot]
macropolycyte
An unusually large polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocyte that contains a multisegmented nucleus ( e.g., 8, 10, or more lobes); the arrangement of chromatin is less compact ...
macropromyelocyte
An unusually large promyelocyte.
macroprosopia
A condition in which the face is too large in proportion to the size of the cranial vault. SYN: megaprosopia. [macro- + G. prosopon, face]
macroprosopous
Relating to or exhibiting macroprosopia. SYN: megaprosopous.
macropsia
Perception of objects as larger than they are. [macro- + G. opsis, vision]
macrorhinia
Excessive size of the nose, either congenital or pathologic. [macro- + G. rhis (rhin-), nose]
macroscelia
Abnormally increased length or thickness of the legs. [macro- + G. skelos, leg]
Macroscopic
Large enough to be seen with naked eye, as opposed to microscopic. A big tumor may well be macroscopic while a tiny tumor is microscopic (cannot be seen without the aid of ...
macroscopy
Examination of objects with the naked eye. [macro- + G. skopeo, to view]
macrosigmoid
Enlargement or dilation of the sigmoid colon. SYN: megasigmoid.
macrosis
Increase in length or volume. [G.]
macrosmatic
Denoting an abnormally keen olfactory sense. [macro- + G. osme, smell]
Macrosomia
Overly large body. A child with macrosomia has significant overgrowth. * * * Abnormally large size of the body. SYN: megasomia. [macro- + G. soma, body]
macrosplanchnic
SYN: megalosplanchnic.
macrospore
The larger of two spore types of certain protozoans or fungi. SYN: megalospore, megaspore. [macro- + G. sporos, seed]
macrostereognosis
An error of perception in which objects appear larger than they are. [macro- + G. stereos, solid, + gnosis, recognition]
macrostomia
Abnormally large size of the mouth resulting from failure of fusion between the maxillary and mandibular processes of the embryonic face. [macro- + G. stoma, mouth]
macrotia
Congenital excessive enlargement of the auricle or pinna. [macro- + G. ous, ear]
macrotome
An instrument for making gross anatomic sections. [macro- + G. tome, cutting]
Macula
A macula is a small spot. A macula on the skin is a small flat spot while the macula in the eye is a small spot where vision is keenest in the retina. The macula of the retina, ...
Macular
Pertaining to the macula. A macula is a small spot. A macula on the skin is a small flat spot while the macula in the eye is a small spot where vision is keenest in the retina. ...
Macular (skin)
Adjective referring to macules which are circumscribed changes in the color of skin that are neither raised (elevated) nor depressed. Macules are never large. They are little ...
Macular cyst
A hole in the macula, the tiny oval area made up of millions of nerve cells located at the center of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision. The eye contains a ...
Macular degeneration
A disease that progressively destroys the macula, the central portion of the retina, impairing central vision. Macular degeneration rarely causes blindness because only the ...
Macular hole
A hole in the macula, the tiny oval area made up of millions of nerve cells located at the center of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision. The eye contains a ...
Macular vision
: The macula is a special area in the center of the retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye. As we read, light is focused onto our macula. There, ...
macular, maculate
1. Relating to or marked by macules. 2. Denoting the central retina, especially the macula retinae.
Macule
A small localized change in the color of skin that is neither raised (elevated) nor depressed. Macules are never large. They are basically little spots or blemishes in the skin. ...
Macules
Small circumscribed changes in the color of skin that are neither raised (elevated) nor depressed. Macules are never large. They are basically little spots or blemishes in the ...
maculocerebral
Relating to the macula lutea and the brain; denoting a type of nervous disease marked by degenerative lesions in both the retina and the brain.
maculoerythematous
Denoting lesions that are erythematous and macular, covering wide areas.
maculopapule
A lesion with a flat base surrounding a papule in the center.
maculopathy
Any pathological condition of the macula lutea. SYN: macular retinopathy. - bull's-eye m. an ocular condition in which edema or degeneration of the sensory retina at the ...
mad
A non-medical, pejorative term for: 1. Rabid. 2. Mentally ill; insane. [A.S. gemad]
madarosis
1. SYN: milphosis. 2. SYN: alopecia adnata. [G. a falling off of the eyelashes, fr. madao, to fall off (of hair)]
madder
1. The dried and powdered root of Rubia tinctorum (family Rubiaceae); it contains several glycosides that upon fermentation give the red dyes alizarin and purpurin. When m. ...
Maddox
Ernest E., English ophthalmologist, 1860–1933. See M. rod.
Madelung
Otto W., German surgeon, 1846–1926. See M. deformity, M. disease, M. neck.
Madelung disease
A disorder characterized by painless symmetrical diffuse deposits of fat beneath the skin of the neck, upper trunk, arms and legs. The condition is thought to be genetic although ...
Madlener
Max, German surgeon, 1868–1951. See M. operation.
madness
The state of being mad.
Madsen
Thorvald J.M., 1870–1957. See Arrhenius-M. theory.
Madurella
A genus of fungi including a number of species, such as M. grisea and M. mycetomi, that cause mycetoma. [Madura, India]
maduromycosis
SYN: mycetoma. [Madura, India, + mycosis]
MAF
Abbreviation for macrophage-activating factor.
mafenide
A topical antibacterial agent active against anaerobic pathogens. M. acetate is the preferred salt for ointment; m. hydrochloride is the preferred salt for solution. SYN: ...
Maffucci
Angelo, Italian physician and anatomic pathologist, 1847–1903. See M. syndrome.
magaldrate
A chemical combination of aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide, used as an antacid.
Magendie
François, French physiologist, 1783–1855. See foramen of M., Bell-M. law, M. law, M. spaces, under space, M.- Hertwig sign, M.- Hertwig syndrome.
Magendie, foramen of
An opening from the fourth ventricle, which is one in a system of four communicating cavities called ventricles within the brain that are continuous with the central canal of the ...
magenstrasse
SYN: gastric canal. [Ger. Magen, stomach, + Strasse, road]
Maggot
A soft-bodied wormlike larva of a fly that lays its eggs in living or especially in decaying tissues. The living or rotting material furnishes heat for the hatching of the eggs ...
Magill
Sir Ivan Whiteside, British anesthesiologist, 1888–1975. See M. forceps.
magistral
Denoting a preparation compounded according to a physician's prescription, in contrast to officinal (derived from a pharmacist's stock). [L. magister, master]
magma
1. A soft mass left after extraction of the active principles. 2. A salve or thick paste. [G. a soft mass or salve, fr. masso, to knead] - m. reticulare delicate ...
Magnan
Valentin J.J., Paris psychiatrist, 1835–1916. See M. trombone movement, M. sign.
Magnesia
Named after a town in present day Turkey where an ore containing magnesium carbonate was mined. Milk of Magnesia, the laxative, is magnesium hydroxide. * * * SYN: magnesium ...
Magnesium
A mineral involved in many processes in the body including nerve signaling, the building of healthy bones, and normal muscle contraction. Magnesium is contained in all unprocessed ...
Magnesium deficiency
Can occur due to inadequate intake or impaired intestinal absorption of magnesium. Low magnesium (hypomagnesemia) is often associated with low calcium (hypocalcemia) and low ...
Magnesium excess
Persons with impaired kidney function should be especially careful about their magnesium intake because they can accumulate magnesium, a dangerous situation. According to the ...
magnet
1. A body that has the property of attracting particles of iron, cobalt, nickel, or any of various metallic alloys and that when freely suspended tends to assume a definite ...
magnetic
1. Relating to or characteristic of a magnet. 2. Possessing magnetism.
magnetism
The property of mutual attraction or repulsion possessed by magnets. - animal m. a psychic force akin to the property of mutual attraction or repulsion possessed by metal ...
magnetocardiography
Measurement of the magnetic field of the heart, produced by the same ionic currents that generate the electrocardiogram, and showing characteristic P, QRS, T, and U waves.
magnetoencephalogram
A Gauss-time record of the magnetic field of the brain.
magnetoencephalography
The process of recording the brain's magnetic field.
magnetometer
An instrument for detecting and measuring the magnetic field.
magneton
A unit of measurement of the magnetic moment of a particle ( e.g., atom or subatomic particle). - Bohr m. ( μB) a constant in the equation relating the difference in energies ...
magnetotherapy
Attempted treatment of disease by application of magnets or induced magnetic fields.
magnification
1. The seeming increase in size of an object viewed under the microscope; when noted, this increased size is expressed by a figure preceded by ×, indicating the number of times ...
magnitude
Size or extent. - average pulse m. the amplitude of pulse averaged throughout its duration; identical with peak amplitude for a square wave or pulse without droop. - peak m. the ...
magnocellular
Composed of cells of large size. [L. magnus, large, + cellular]
magnum
SYN: capitate (1). [L. magnus, large]
Magnus
Rudolph, German physiologist, 1873–1927. See M. sign.
magnus
Large; great; denoting a structure of large size. [L.]
Mahaim
Ivan, 20th century cardiologist, 1897–1965. See M. fibers, under fiber.
MAI
Abbreviation for Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare. SEE ALSO: Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex.
maidenhair tree
SYN: Ginkgo biloba.
maidenhead
Obsolete term for the intact hymen of a virgin.
maidism
SYN: pellagra. [Zea mays, maize]
Maier
Rudolf, German physician, 1824–1888. See M. sinus.
maim
To disable or cripple by an injury.
Maimonides' Daily Prayer of a Physician
A prayer that is said to have been written by the 12th-century physician-philosopher Moses Maimonides. Like the famous oath of Hippocrates, the prayer of Maimonides is often ...
main
SYN: hand. [Fr.] - m. succulente SYN: Marinesco succulent hand.
mainframe
A large digital computer, such as would be used in a hospital for information management. Cf.:mini.
mainstreaming
Providing the least restrictive environment (socially, physically, and educationally) for chronically disabled individuals by introducing them into the natural environment rather ...
maintainer
A device utilized to hold or keep teeth in a given position. - space m. an orthodontic appliance used to prevent the loss of space or the shifting of teeth following extraction ...
maintenance
1. A therapeutic regimen intended to preserve benefit. Cf.:compliance (2), adherence (2). 2. The extent to which the patient continues good heath practices without supervision, ...
Maintenance therapy
Chemotherapy that is given to patients with cancer — leukemia, lymphoma, or a solid tumor — in remission (due to prior treatment) to prevent a relapse.
maise oil
SYN: corn oil.
Maissiat
Jacques H., French anatomist, 1805–1878. See M. band.
Majocchi
Domenico, Italian dermatologist, 1849–1929. See M. granulomas, under granuloma.
Major
A major may be an officer in the military but, in a larger sense, it can be anything that is more than something else. For example, the teres major muscle is larger than the ...
Major anomaly
: An unusual anatomic feature that is of serious medical or cosmetic consequence to the patient. For example, a major anomaly might be a cleft lip and palate. By contrast, a ...
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC)
A cluster of genes on chromosome 6 concerned with antigen production and critical to transplantation. The MHC includes the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes.
Makeham
William Matthew, English actuary, †1892. See M. hypothesis.
mal
A disease or disorder. [Fr. fr. L. malum, an evil] - m. de la rosa, m. rosso SYN: pellagra. - m. del pinto SYN: pinta. - m. de Meleda endemic symmetrical keratoderma of the ...
mal-
Ill, bad; opposite of eu-. Cf.:dys-, caco-. [L. malus, bad]
mala
1. SYN: cheek. 2. SYN: zygomatic bone. [L. cheek bone]
malabsorption
Imperfect, inadequate, or otherwise disordered gastrointestinal absorption. - congenital selective glucose and galactose m. an inherited disorder in which d-glucose and ...
Malacarne
Michele V.G., Italian surgeon, 1744–1816. See M. pyramid, M. space.
malachite green
A dye that has been used as a wound antiseptic, as a treatment of mycotic skin infections, and in biologic staining of tissues and bacteria. [G. malache, a mallow]
Malacia
Means softening. Osteomalacia is thus softening of bone (due to deficiency of calcium and vitamin D). * * * A softening or loss of consistency and contiguity in any of the ...
malacic
SYN: malacotic.
malaco-
Soft, softening. [G. malakos, soft; malakia, a softness]
malacoplakia, malakoplakia
Rare lesion in the mucosa of the urinary bladder and other organs, more frequent in women, characterized by numerous mottled yellow and gray soft plaques and nodules that consist ...
malacosis
SYN: malacia.
malacotic
Pertaining to or characterized by malacia. SYN: malacic.
malactic
SYN: emollient. [G. malaktikos, softening]
maladie
SYN: malady. [Fr.] - m. de Roger SYN: Roger disease. [Fr.] - m. des jambes (mal′a-de′ de zhamb′) ill-defined disease seen among rice-growers in Louisiana.
maladjustment
In the mental health professions, an inability to cope with the problems and challenges of everyday living. [ mal- + adjust, fr. O.Fr. adjuster, fr. L.L. adjuxto, to put close to, ...
malady
A disease or illness. SYN: maladie. [Fr. maladie, illness]
malagma
A cataplasm or emollient. [G. a poultice]
Malaise
A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed as "just not right." Malaise comes straight from the French who compounded it from ...
malalignment
Displacement of a tooth or teeth from a normal position in the dental arch.
malar
Relating to the mala, the cheek or cheek bones.
Malaria
An infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites from the Plasmodium family that can be transmitted by the sting of the Anopheles mosquito or by a contaminated needle or ...
Malaria, falciparum
The most dangerous type of malaria caused by a parasite that is highly resistant to most anti- malarial drugs. Complications can include coma, jaundice, renal failure, ...
malarial
Pertaining to or affected with malaria.
malariology
A study of malaria in all aspects, with particular reference to epidemiology and control.
malariotherapy
SYN: therapeutic malaria.
malarious
Relating to or characterized by the prevalence of malaria.
Malassez
Louis C., French physiologist, 1842–1910. See Malassezia, M. epithelial rests, under rest.
Malassezia
A genus of fungi (family Cryptococcaceae) of low pathogenicity that lack the ability to synthesize medium-chain and long-chain fatty acid s and require an exogenous supply of ...
malassimilation
Rarely used term for incomplete or faulty assimilation; malabsorption.
malate
A salt or ester of malic acid. - m. dehydrogenase an enzyme that catalyzes, through NAD+ or NADP+, the dehydrogenation of m. to oxaloacetate or its decarboxylation to ...
malathion
An organophosphorous compound used as an insecticide and veterinary ectoparasiticide; considered to be less toxic than parathion.
malaxation
1. Formation of ingredients into a mass for pills and plasters. 2. A kneading process in massage. [L. malaxo, pp. -atus, to soften]
maldigestion
Imperfect digestion.
Maldonado-San Jose stain
See under stain.
Male
The traditional definition of male was "an individual of the sex that produces sperm" (or some such). However, things are not so simple today. Male can be defined by ...
Male breast cancer
Breast cancer is much less common in men. Fewer than 1% of persons with breast cancer are male. (In the U.S., about 175,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, as ...
Male chromosome complement
The large majority of males have a 46, XY chromosome complement (46 chromosomes including an X and a Y chromosome). A minority of males have other chromosome constitutions such ...
Male condom
The male condom is a sheath placed over the erect penis before penetration, preventing pregnancy by blocking the passage of sperm. It is a barrier method of contraception. A ...
Male gonad
: The male gonad, the testicle (or testis), located behind the penis in a pouch of skin (the scrotum). The testicles produce and store sperm, and they are also the body's main ...
Male pelvis
There are significant differences in the anatomy of the pelvis in the female and male. The male pelvis is more robust, narrower, and taller than the female pelvis. The angle of ...
Malecot
Achille-Etienne, French surgeon, *1852. See M. catheter.

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