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Слова на букву line-metr (2629)

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masculine protest
Adler term to describe the movement of individuals from passive to active roles in a desire to escape from the feminine role.
masculinity
The qualities and characteristics of a male.
masculinization
The condition marked by the attainment of male characteristics, such as facial hair, either physiologically as part of male maturation, or pathologically by individuals of either ...
masculinize
To confer the qualities or characteristics peculiar to the male.
masculinus
SYN: masculine, masculine. [L.]
Masini
Giulio, Italian physician, 1874–1937.
mask
1. Any of a variety of disease states producing alteration or discoloration of the skin of the face. 2. The expressionless appearance seen in certain diseases; e.g., Parkinson ...
Mask, oxygen
A mask that covers the mouth and nose, and is hooked up to an oxygen tank. It delivers oxygen directly to the patient. Oxygen can also be delivered directly through a nasal ...
masked
Concealed.
masking
1. The use of noise of any kind to interfere with the audibility of another sound. For any given intensity, low-pitched tones have a greater m. effect than those of a high ...
Masklike face
An expressionless face with little or no sense of animation, a face more like a mask than a real face. A masklike face is seen in a number of disorders including Parkinson's ...
Maslow
Abraham H., U. S. psychologist, 1908–1970. See M. hierarchy.
Masochism
Pleasure from one's own pain. Masochism is considered a sexual disorder, or paraphilia. Named after the 19th-century Austrian writer Leopold von Sacher-Masoch (masoch-ism). * * ...
masochist
The passive party in the practice of masochism.
Mason
Edward E., U.S. surgeon, *1920.
MASS
Acronym for mitral valve prolapse, aortic anomalies, skeletal changes, and skin changes. See M. syndrome.
mass
1. A lump or aggregation of coherent material. SYN: massa [TA]. 2. In pharmacy, a soft solid preparation containing an active medicinal agent, of such consistency that it can ...
MASS syndrome
A heritable disorder of connective tissue characterized by involvement of the mitral valve, aorta, skeleton, and skin. Hence, the acronym MASS (Mitral valve, Aorta, Skeleton, ...
massa
SYN: mass (1). [L.] - m. intermedia interthalamic adhesion. - m. lateralis atlantis [TA] SYN: lateral mass of atlas.
Massage
The therapeutic practice of manipulating the muscles and limbs to ease tension and reduce pain. Massage can be a part of physical therapy or practiced on its own. It can be ...
Massage therapist
A person who practices therapeutic massage. In many US states, massage therapists can be licensed after completing a specified training program. Licensed therapists may practice ...
Masselon
Julián, French physician, 1844–1917. See M. spectacles.
masseter
See m. (muscle).
masseur
1. A man who massages. 2. An instrument used in mechanical massage. [Fr. see massage]
masseuse
A woman who massages.
massicot
SYN: lead monoxide.
Masson
Pierre, Canadian pathologist, 1880–1959. See M.- Fontana ammoniac silver stain. See entries under stain.
massotherapy
The therapeutic use of massage. [G. masso, to knead, + therapeia, treatment]
MAST
Abbreviation for military antishock trousers.
Mast cell
A connective tissue cell whose normal function is unknown, the mast cell is frequently injured during allergic reactions, releasing strong chemicals including histamine into the ...
mast-
See masto-.
mastadenitis
SYN: mastitis. [masto- + G. aden, gland, + -itis, inflammation]
mastadenoma
An adenoma of the breast. [masto- + G. aden, gland, + -oma, tumor]
Mastadenovirus
A genus of the family Adenoviridae, including adenoviruses that infect mammals, with over 40 antigenic types (species) being infective for humans. They cause respiratory ...
mastalgia
SYN: mastodynia. [masto- + G. algos, pain]
mastatrophy, mastatrophia
Atrophy or wasting of the breasts. [masto- + atrophy]
mastauxe
Hypertrophy of the breast. [masto- + G. auxe, increase]
Mastectomy
A general term for removal of the breast. usually to remove cancerous tissue. The operation can be done in a hospital or in an outpatient clinic, depending on how extensive it ...
Mastectomy, modified radical
Removal of the breast tissue and the axillary lymph nodes, which are under the arms.
Mastectomy, preventative
Removal of one or both breasts without the current presence of cancer. This surgery is sometimes chosen as a preventative measure by women who have a strong history of familial ...
Mastectomy, prophylactic
Removal of one or both breasts without the current presence of cancer. This surgery is sometimes chosen as a preventative measure by women who have a strong history of familial ...
Mastectomy, radical
Removal of all breast tissue, from just under the collar bone to the abdomen, including the chest wall muscles. The axillary lymph nodes are also removed. This operation is ...
Mastectomy, simple
Removal of one or both breasts, but not the lymph nodes.
Mastectomy, subcutaneous
Removal of breast tissue using a minimal incision. This type of mastectomy may be used to remove small areas of suspicious or cancerous tissue, but can also be a cosmetic ...
Master
Arthur M., U.S. physician, 1895–1973. See M. test, M. two-step exercise test.
Masters
William H., U.S. gynecologist, *1915. See Allen-M. syndrome.
mastic
A resinous exudate from Pistacia lentiscus (family Anacardiaceae), a small tree of the Mediterranean shores; used in chewing gum, as an enteric coating, and as a temporary ...
masticate
To chew; to perform mastication.
mastication
The process of chewing food in preparation for deglutition and digestion; the act of grinding or comminuting with the teeth. [L. mastico, pp. -atus, to chew]
masticatory
Relating to mastication.
mastich, mastiche
SYN: mastic.
Mastigophora
The flagellates, a subphylum of Protozoa having one or more locomotory flagella, a single vesicular nucleus, and symmetric binary fission; sexual reproduction is unknown in ...
mastigote
An individual flagellate. [G. mastix, a whip]
Mastitis
Inflammation of one or more mammary glands within the breast, usually in a lactating woman. It can be felt as a hard, sore spot within the breast. Mastitis can be caused by an ...
masto-, mast-
The breast; the mastoid. Cf.:mammo-, mazo-. [G. mastos]
masto-occipital
Relating to the mastoid portion of the temporal bone and to the occipital bone, denoting the suture uniting them. SYN: mastoccipital.
mastoccipital
SYN: masto- occipital.
mastocyte
SYN: mast cell.
mastocytogenesis
Formation and development of mast cells. [ mastocyte + G. genesis production]
mastocytoma
A fairly well-circumscribed accumulation or nodular focus of mast cells, grossly resembling a neoplasm. [ mastocyte + G. -oma, tumor]
mastocytosis
Abnormal proliferation of mast cells in a variety of tissues; may be systemic, involving a variety of organs, or cutaneous ( urticaria pigmentosa). [ mastocyte + G. -osis, ...
mastodynia
Pain in the breast. SEE ALSO: mammary neuralgia. SYN: mammalgia, mastalgia. [masto- + G. odyne, pain]
Mastoid
The rounded protrusion of bone just behind the ear once thought to look like the breast. The word comes from the Greek mastos meaning breast + -oid= breast-like. * * * 1. ...
mastoidal
SYN: mastoid (2).
mastoidale
The lowest point on the contour of the mastoid process.
mastoidectomy
A group of operations on the mastoid process of the temporal bone and middle ear to drain, expose, or remove an infectious, inflammatory, or neoplastic lesion. [mastoid (process) ...
Mastoiditis
Inflammation of the mastoid, often secondary to ear infection. * * * Inflammation of any part of the mastoid process. SYN: mastoid empyema. - sclerosing m. a chronic m. in which ...
mastoncus
A tumor or swelling of the breasts. [masto- + G. onkos, mass]
mastoparietal
Relating to the mastoid portion of the temporal bone and to the parietal bone, denoting the suture uniting them.
mastopathy
Any disease of the breasts. [masto- + G. pathos, suffering]
mastopexy
Plastic surgery to elevate a ptotic breast in normal position, often with some improvement in shape. [masto- + G. pexis, fixation]
mastoplasia
Enlargement of the breast. [masto- + G. plasis, a molding]
mastoplasty
SYN: mammaplasty. [masto- + G. plastos, formed]
mastoptosis
Ptosis or sagging of the breast. [masto- + G. ptosis, a falling]
mastorrhagia
Hemorrhage from a breast. [masto- + G. rhegnymi, to burst forth]
mastosquamous
Relating to the mastoid and the squamous portions of the temporal bone.
mastosyrinx
A fistula of the mammary gland. [masto- + G. syrinx, tube]
mastotomy
Incision of the breast. SYN: mammotomy. [masto- + G. tome, incision]
masturbate
To practice masturbation. [L. masturbari, pp. masturbatus]
masturbation
Self-stimulation of the genitals for erotic pleasure, often resulting in orgasm.
MAT
Abbreviation for multifocal atrial tachycardia.
Matas
Rudolph, U.S. surgeon, 1860–1957.
matching
The process of making a study group and a comparison group in an epidemiological study comparable with respect to extraneous or confounding factors such as age, sex, weight. - ...
maté
The dried leaves of Ilex paraguayensis and other species of Ilex (family Aquifoliaceae), shrubs growing in Paraguay and Brazil, which contain caffeine and tannin; used in South ...
mater
The “sheltering” coverings of the central nervous system. See arachnoid m., dura m., pia m.. [L. mother] - arachnoidea m. cranialis [TA] SYN: cranial arachnoid m.. - ...
materia
Substance or matter. [L. substance] - m. alba accumulation or aggregation of microorganisms, desquamated epithelial cells, blood cells and food debris loosely adherent to ...
material
That of which something is made or composed; the constituent element of a substance. [L. materialis, fr. materia, substance] - base m. any substance from which a denture base may ...
materies morbi
The substance acting as the immediate cause of a disease. [L. the matter of disease]
maternal
Relating to or derived from the mother. [L. maternus, fr. mater, mother]
Maternal mortality rate
The number of maternal deaths related to childbearing divided by the number of live births (or by the number of live births + fetal deaths) in that year. The maternal mortality ...
Maternal myasthenia gravis
The presence of myasthenia gravis in a pregnant woman. Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by fatigue and exhaustion of muscles. It is ...
Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP)
The presence of AFP, a plasma protein normally produced by the fetus, in the mother's blood. MSAFP serves as the basis for some valuable tests. AFP is manufactured principally ...
maternity
Motherhood. [see maternal]
Mathematics disorder
A condition characterized by math skills that are significantly below normal, given the person's age, intelligence, and education. A mathematics disorder can include problems ...
mating
The pairing of male and female for the purpose of reproduction. - assortative m. selection of a mate with preference for (or aversion to) a particular genotype, i.e., nonrandom ...
matrass
A long-necked glass vessel used for heating dry substances in chemical manipulations. [Fr. matras]
matrical
Relating to any matrix. SYN: matricial.
matricaria
The flowers of M. chamomilla (family Compositae); used internally as a tonic and externally as a counterirritant. SEE ALSO: chamomile. [L. matrix, womb]
matrices
Plural of matrix. [L.]
matricial
SYN: matrical.
matricide
1. The killing of one's mother. Cf.:patricide. 2. One who commits such an act. [L. mater, mother, + caedo, to kill]
matrilineal
Denoting descent through the female line. [L. mater, mother, + linea, line]
matrix
1. [NA] The formative portion of a tooth or a nail. 2. The intercellular substance of a tissue. 3. A surrounding substance within which something is contained or embedded, ...
matter
SYN: substance. SEE ALSO: substance. [L. materies, substance] - gray m. [TA] those regions of the brain and spinal cord which are made up primarily of the cell bodies and ...
Matter, gray
The cortex of the brain which contains nerve cell bodies. The gray matter is as opposed to the white matter, the part of the brain that contains myelinated nerve fibers. The ...
Matter, white
The part of the brain that contains myelinated nerve fibers. The white matter is white because it is the color of myelin, the insulation covering the nerve fibers. The white ...
maturate
To suppurate. [L. maturo, pp. -atus, to make ripe, fr. maturus, ripe]
maturation
1. Achievement of full development or growth. 2. Developmental changes that lead to maturity. 3. Processing of a macromolecule; e.g., posttranscriptional modification of RNA ...
mature
1. Ripe; fully developed. 2. To ripen; to become fully developed. [L. maturus, ripe]
maturity
A state of full development or completed growth.
Mauchart, Mauchard
Burkhard D., German anatomist, 1696–1751. See M. ligaments, under ligament.
Maurer
Georg, German physician in Sumatra, *1909. See M. clefts, under cleft, M. dots, under dot.
Mauriac
Pierre, French physician, *1882. See M. syndrome.
Mauriceau
François, French obstetrician, 1637–1709. See M. maneuver, M.- Levret maneuver.
Mauthner
Ludwig, Austrian ophthalmologist, 1840–1894. See M. sheath.
maxilla
An irregularly shaped pneumatized bone, supporting the superior teeth and taking part in the formation of the orbit, hard palate, and nasal cavity and containing the maxillary ...
maxillary
Relating to the maxilla, or upper jaw.
maxillectomy
Resection of the maxilla. [maxilla + G. ektome, excision]
maxillitis
Inflammation of the maxilla.
maxillodental
Relating to the upper jaw and its associated teeth.
maxillofacial
Pertaining to the jaws and face, particularly with reference to specialized surgery of this region.
maxillojugal
Relating to the maxilla and the zygomatic bone.
maxillomandibular
Relating to the upper and lower jaws.
maxillopalatine
Relating to the maxilla and the palatine bone.
maxillotomy
Surgical sectioning of the maxilla to allow movement of all or a part of the maxilla into the desired portion. [maxilla + G. tome, incision]
maxilloturbinal
Relating to the inferior nasal concha.
Maximow
Alexander A., Russian physician in U.S., 1874–1928. See M. stain for bone marrow.
maximum
The greatest amount, value, or degree attained or attainable. [L. neuter of maximus, greatest] - glucose transport m. the maximal rate of reabsorption of glucose from the ...
May
Richard, German physician. See M.-Hegglin anomaly.
May apple
SYN: podophyllum.
May-Grünwald stain
See under stain.
Mayer
Paul, German histologist, 1848–1923. See M. hemalum stain, M. mucicarmine stain, M. mucihematein stain. Karl, Austrian neurologist, 1862–1932. See M. reflex. Karl, W., ...
mayidism
SYN: pellagra. [Zea mays, maize]
Mayo
Charles H., U.S. surgeon, 1865–1939. See M. bunionectomy. William J., U.S. surgeon, 1861–1939. See M. operation, M. vein.
Mayo-Robson
Sir Arthur W., British surgeon, 1853–1933. See Mayo- Robson point, Mayo- Robson position.
Mayou
Marmaduke Stephen, British ophthalmologist, 1876–1934. See Batten-M. disease.
mazamorra
Name given in Puerto Rico to a dermatitis caused by penetration of the skin by hookworm larvae.
maze
A labyrinth; frequently used to study higher functions of the nervous system in rats. [M.E. masen, to confuse]
mazindol
An isoindole anorexiant that is distinctive in not having the phenethylamine chain common to sympathomimetic amines.
mazo-
The breast. SEE ALSO: masto-. [G. mazos]
Mazzoni
Vittorio, Italian physician, 1880–1940. See M. corpuscle, Golgi-M. corpuscle.
Mazzotti
Luigi, Mexican physician specializing in tropical medicine in mid-20th century. See M. reaction, M. test.
Mb, MbCO, MbO2
myoglobin and its combinations with CO and O2 (oxymyoglobin), respectively.
MBC
Abbreviation for maximum breathing capacity.
mc
Former abbreviation for millicurie.
MCAD
Abbreviation for medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase.
McArdle
Brian, 20th century British neurologist. See M. disease, M.-Schmid- Pearson disease, M. syndrome.
MCAT
The Medical College Admissions Test, a test that is required of all applicants to medical school in the U.S. and Canada. The MCAT is "a standardized test used to assess ...
McBurney
Charles, U.S. surgeon, 1845–1913. See M. incision, M. point, M. sign.
McCall
M.L., 20th century U.S. gynecologist. See M. culdoplasty procedure.
McCarthy
Daniel J., U.S. neurologist, 1874–1958. See M. reflexes, under reflex.
McClintock
Barbara, 1902–1992, 1993 Nobel Prize winner for her work in the genetics of corn.
McCrea
Lowrain E., U.S. urologist, *1896. See M. sound.
McCune
Donovan James, U.S. pediatrician, 1902–1976. See M.- Albright syndrome.
McCune-Albright syndrome
A genetic disorder of bones, skin pigmentation and hormonal problems with premature sexual development. Also called Albright syndrome or polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. In the ...
McDonald
Ellice, U.S. gynecologist, 1876–1955. See M. maneuver.
McGoon
Dwight C., U.S. surgeon, *1925. See M. technique.
MCH
Abbreviation for mean cell hemoglobin, which is the average amount of hemoglobin in the average red cell. The MCH is a calculated value derived from the measurement of hemoglobin ...
MCHC
Abbreviation for mean cell hemoglobin concentration, which is the average concentration of hemoglobin in a given volume of blood. The MCHC is a calculated value derived from the ...
mCi
Abbreviation for millicurie.
McKee
George Kenneth, British orthopedic surgeon, *1930. See M. line.
McKusick
Victor Almon, U.S. physician, *1921. See M. metaphyseal dysplasia.
McKusick-Kaufman syndrome
A genetic disorder in which there is build-up of fluids (called hydrometrocolpos) in the vagina and the uterus as a result of a membrane across the vagina which holds back the ...
MCL (medial collateral ligament) of the knee
The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ...
McLean
Malcolm, U.S. obstetrician, 1848–1924. See Tucker-M. forceps.
MCMI
Abbreviation for Millon clinical multiaxial inventory.
McMurray
Thomas P., British surgeon, 1887–1949. See M. test.
MCP-1
Abbreviation for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1.
McPhail
M.K., Canadian physiologist, *1907. See M. test.
MCR
Abbreviation for steroid metabolic clearance rate.
McReynolds
John O., U.S. ophthalmologist, 1865–1942.
MCTD
Abbreviation standing for Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, an overlapping mixture of three diseases of connective tissue disease (the framework of the cells of the body) — ...
MCV
Abbreviation for mean cell volume, the average volume of a red blood cell. This is a calculated value derived from the hematocrit and the red cell count (The hematocrit is the ...
McVay
Chester B., U.S. surgeon, *1911. See M. operation.
MD
Abbreviation for methyldichloroarsine.
Md
Symbol for mendelevium.
MDF
Abbreviation for myocardial depressant factor.
MDMA
A centrally active phenethylamine derivative related to amphetamine and methamphetamine, with central nervous system excitant and hallucinogenic properties. SYN: ...
MDNCF
Abbreviation for monocyte-derived neutrophil chemotactic factor.
Me
Symbol for methyl.
Meadows
William Robert, U.S. cardiologist, *1919. See M. syndrome.
meal
1. The food consumed at regular intervals or at a specified time. 2. Ground flour from a grain. - Boyden m. a m. consisting of three or four egg yolks, beaten up in milk and ...
mean
A statistical measurement of central tendency or average of a set of values, usually assumed to be the arithmetic m. unless otherwise specified. [M.E., mene fr. O.Fr., fr. L. ...
Mean cell volume
A standard part of the complete blood count, the mean cell volume (MCV) is the average volume of a red blood cell. This is a calculated value derived from the hematocrit and ...
measle
1. The larva (Cysticercus cellulosae) of Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm; C. cellulosae is less frequently used to designate cysticerci of T. solium. 2. The larva (Cysticercus ...
Measles
An acute and highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, and a spreading skin rash. Measles, also known as rubeola, is a potentially ...
Measles encephalitis
Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) occurs in perhaps 1 in 1,000 cases of measles, starting (up to 3 weeks) after onset of the rash and presenting with high fever, ...
Measles immunization
The standard MMR vaccine is given to prevent measles, mumps and rubella (German measles). The MMR vaccine is now given in two dosages. The first should be given at 12-15 ...
Measles syndrome, atypical (AMS)
An altered expression of measles, AMS begins suddenly with high fever, headache, cough, and abdominal pain. The rash may appear 1 to 2 days later, often beginning on the limbs. ...
Measly
The word measly can refer to measles, and, thence, to spotty and, thence, to something that is of little value. In medicine, the measly tapeworm is the pork tapeworm (T. ...
Measly tapeworm
The pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, a worm contracted from undercooked or measly pork. (Measly pork is pork that is infected with the larval forms of the tapeworm.) The worm can ...
measure
1. To determine the magnitude or quantity of a substance by comparing it to some accepted standard or by calculation. 2. A specified magnitude of a physical quantity. 3. A ...
measurement
Determination of a dimension or quantity. - end- point m. analytical m. at the end of a chemical reaction, as opposed to making the m. while the reaction proceeds. - kinetic m. ...
measures of central tendency
General term for several characteristics of the distribution of a set of measurements or values around a value or values at or near the middle of the set; the principal m. are ...
meatal
Relating to a meatus.
meato-
Meatus. [L. meatus, passage]
meatometer
An instrument for measuring the size of a meatus, especially the meatus of the urethra. [ meato- + G. metron, measure]
meatoplasty
Enlargement or other surgical reconfiguring of a meatus or canal, e.g., the external auditory meatus or the urethral meatus.
meatorrhaphy
Closing by suture of the wound made by performing a meatomy. [ meato- + G. rhaphe, suture]
meatoscope
A form of speculum for examining a meatus, especially the meatus of the urethra. [ meato- + G. skopeo, to view]
meatoscopy
Inspection, usually instrumental, of any meatus, especially of the meatus of the urethra. [ meato- + G. skopeo, to view]
meatotome
A knife with short cutting edge for use in meatotomy.
meatotomy
An incision made to enlarge a meatus, e.g., of the urethra or ureter. [ meato- + G. tome, incision]
Meatus
An opening or passageway. For example, the female urethral meatus. The urethra is the transport tube from the bladder to the outside of the body. In females the urethra is ...
Meatus, female urethral
The urethra is the transport tube leading from the bladder to discharge urine outside the body. In females the urethra is shorter than in the male. The meatus (opening) of the ...
mebanazine
An antidepressant with inhibitory effect on monoamine oxidase.
mebendazole
An effective broad-spectrum nematicidal agent against intestinal nematodes such as pinworm, hookworm, whipworm, and Ascaris.
mebeverine hydrochloride
An intestinal antispasmodic.
mebrophenhydramine
An H1 antihistaminic.
mebutamate
Chemically, it differs only slightly from meprobamate, and possesses similar CNS-depressant properties.
mecamylamine hydrochloride
A secondary amine that blocks transmission of impulses at autonomic ganglia (similar to but more effective than hexamethonium); used in the management of severe hypertension.
mechanical
1. Performed by means of some apparatus, not manually. 2. Explaining phenomena in terms of mechanics. 3. Automatic. [G. mechanikos, relating to a machine, fr. mechane, a ...
Mechanical ventilation
Use of a machine called a ventilator or respirator to improve the exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere.
mechanicoreceptor
SYN: mechanoreceptor.
mechanics
The science of the action of forces in promoting motion or equilibrium. [see mechanical] - body m. the study of the action of muscles in producing motion or posture of the body. ...
mechanism
1. An arrangement or grouping of the parts of anything that has a definite action. 2. The means by which an effect is obtained. 3. The chain of events in a particular process. 4. ...
mechanocardiography
Use of graphic tracings reflecting the mechanical effects of the heartbeat, such as the carotid pulse tracing or apexcardiogram; phonocardiography is also usually considered a ...
mechanocyte
An in vitro tissue culture fibroblast.
mechanophobia
Morbid fear of machinery. [G. mechane, machine, + phobos, fear]
mechanoreceptor
A receptor which responds to mechanical pressure or distortion; e.g., receptors in the carotid sinuses, touch receptors in the skin. SYN: mechanicoreceptor.
mechanoreflex
A reflex triggered by stimulation of a mechanoreceptor.
mechanotherapy
Treatment of disease by means of apparatus or mechanical appliances of any kind. [G. mechane, machine, + therapeia, treatment]
mèche
A strip of gauze or other material used as a tent or drain. [Fr. wick]
mechlorethamine hydrochloride
It is cytotoxic for all cells, but with a special affinity for bone marrow, lymphatic tissues, and rapidly proliferating cells of certain neoplasms. Used for the palliative ...
mecism
Abnormal elongation of the body or one or more of its parts. [G. mekos, length, -ismos, condition]
Mecistocirrus
A monotypic genus of trichostrongylid nematodes ( subfamily Mecistocirrinae), with the single species, M. digitatus; it is not grossly distinguished from Haemonchus contortus and ...
Mecke reagent
See under reagent.
Meckel
Johann F., the younger, German comparative anatomist and embryologist, 1781–1833. See M. scan, M. syndrome, M. cartilage, M. diverticulum, M. plane, M.-Gruber syndrome. Johann ...
Meckel's diverticulum
A particular type of outpouching of the small bowel. It is usually located about 2 feet before the junction of the small bowel with the colon (the large intestine) in the right ...
meclastine
SYN: clemastine.
meclizine hydrochloride
An H1 antihistaminic useful in the prevention and relief of motion sickness and symptoms caused by vestibular disorders. SYN: meclozine hydrochloride.
meclofenamate sodium
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic and antipyretic actions.
meclofenamic acid
An NSAID used for inflammatory conditions and dysmenorrhea; also antipyretic.
meclofenoxate
An analeptic.
meclozine hydrochloride
SYN: meclizine hydrochloride.
mecometer
An instrument, such as calipers with a scale attachment, for measurement of newborn infants. [G. mekos, length, + metron, measure]
meconate
A salt or ester of meconic acid. [G. mekon, poppy]
meconic acid
Obtained from opium; it forms soluble salts (meconates) with many of the alkaloids of opium.
meconin
C10H10O4; the lactone of meconic acid, found also in Hydrastis canadensis; a hypnotic. SYN: opianyl.
meconiorrhea
Passage, by the newborn infant, of an abnormally large amount of meconium. [ meconium + G. rhoia, flow]
Meconium
Dark sticky material normally present in the intestine at birth and passed in the feces after birth. The passage of meconium before birth can be a sign of fetal distress. * * * ...
Meconium ileus
Obstruction of the intestine (ileus) due to overly thick meconium, the dark sticky stuff that is normally present in the intestine at birth and, after trypsin and other enzymes ...
MECP2 (methyl-CpG-binding protein-2)
An enzyme which, when mutated, results in RTT (Rett syndrome), a genetic disease that is a uniform and striking, progressive neurologic developmental disorder and one of the ...
Med1 DNA repair gene
A gene that codes for one of the key enzymes involved in repairing DNA. The DNA in genes is constantly mutating and being repaired. This repair process is controlled by special ...
medazepam hydrochloride
An antianxiety agent.
medfalan
SYN: medphalan.
media
1. SYN: tunica m.. 2. Plural of medium. [L. fem. of medius, middle]
mediad
Toward the middle line.
Medial
The side of the body or body part that is nearer to the middle or center (median) of the body. For example, when referring to the knee, medial would mean the side of the knee that ...
Medial (anatomic orientation)
Toward the middle or inside, as opposed to lateral. The tongue is medial to the molar teeth. The medial side of the molar teeth face are against the tongue. For a more complete ...
Medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the knee
The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ...
Medial meniscus of the knee
The word " meniscus" refers to a crescent-shaped structure. The medial meniscus of the knee is a thickened crescent-shaped cartilage pad between the two joints formed by the ...
medialecithal
Denoting an egg with a moderate amount of yolk, as in amphibians. [L. medialis, medial, + G. lekithos, egg yolk]
medialis
SYN: medial, medial. [L.]
medialization
An operation to move a part toward the midline, such as the arytenoid cartilage or vocal cord in vocal cord paralysis.
median
1. Central; middle; lying in the midline. SYN: medianus. 2. The middle value in a set of measurements; like the mean, a measure of central tendency. [L. medianus, middle]
medianus
SYN: median (1). [L.]
mediastinal
Relating to the mediastinum.
mediastinitis
Inflammation of the cellular tissue of the mediastinum. - fibrosing m. SYN: mediastinal fibrosis. - fibrous m. scarring of mediastinal structures of unknown origin or due to ...
mediastinography
Radiography of the mediastinum. [ mediastinum + G. grapho, to write] - gaseous m. radiography of the mediastinum after injection of air (artificial pneumomediastinum), an ...
mediastinopericarditis
Inflammation of the pericardium and of the surrounding mediastinal cellular tissue.
mediastinoscope
An endoscope for inspection of the mediastinum through a suprasternal incision.
Mediastinoscopy
: A procedure in which the doctor inserts a tube into the chest to view the organs in the mediastinum. The tube is inserted through an incision above the breastbone. * * ...
Mediastinotomy
: A procedure in which the doctor inserts a tube into the chest to view the organs in the mediastinum. The tube is inserted through an incision next to the breastbone. * * ...
Mediastinum
: The area between the lungs. The organs in this area include the heart and its large veins and arteries, the trachea, the esophagus, the bronchi, and lymph nodes. * * * 1. A ...

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