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Слова на букву metr-noe (2629)

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microsporidiosis, microsporidiasis
Infection with a member of the phylum Microspora, the microsporidians.
Microsporum
A genus of pathogenic fungi causing dermatophytosis. In appropriate culture media, characteristic macroconidia are seen; microconidia are rare in most species. [micro- + G. ...
microstethophone
SYN: microstethoscope. [micro- + G. stethos, chest, + phone, sound]
microstethoscope
A very small stethoscope that amplifies the sounds heard. SYN: microstethophone.
microstomia
Smallness of the oral aperture. [micro- + G. stoma, mouth]
microsurgery
Surgical procedures performed under the magnification of a surgical microscope.
microsuture
Tiny caliber suture material, often 9-0 or 10-0, with an attached needle of corresponding size, for use in microsurgery.
microsyringe
A hypodermic syringe that has a micrometer screw attached to the piston, whereby accurately measured minute quantities of fluid may be injected.
microthelia
Smallness of the nipples. [micro- + G. thele, nipple]
Microtia
An abnormally small ear. The term "microtia" usually refers to a congenitally small external ear. The visible part of the ear is abnormally small but it is not entirely absent. ...
Microtinae
The rodent subfamily comprising voles or lemmings.
microtine
Relating to voles or lemmings.
microtome
An instrument for making sections of biological tissue for examination under the microscope. SEE ALSO: ultramicrotome. SYN: histotome.
microtomy
The making of thin sections of tissues for examination under the microscope. SYN: histotomy. [micro- + G. tome, incision]
microtonometer
A small tonometer invented by Krogh, originally intended for animals but later adapted to humans, for determining the tensions of oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood; it ...
Microtrombidium
A genus of chigger or harvest mites that cause severe itching from the presence of the larval stage ( chigger) in the skin. [micro- + Mod. L. trombidium, a timid one]
microtropia
Strabismus of less than four degrees, associated with amblyopia, eccentric fixation, or anomalous retinal correspondence. [micro- + G. trope, a turn, turning]
microtubule
A hollow, cylindrical cytoplasmic element, 20–27 nm in diameter and of variable length, that occurs widely in the cytoskeleton, cilia, and flagella of cells; microtubules ...
microvesicle
A fluid-filled space formed within the epidermis that is too small to be recognized as a blister.
microvillus
One of the minute projections of cell membranes greatly increasing surface area; microvilli form the striated or brush borders of certain cells.
Microviridae
A family of small, spherical, bacterial viruses with a genome of single-stranded DNA (MW 1.7 × 106).
microvolt
One-millionth of a volt.
microwaves
That portion of the radio wave spectrum of shortest wavelength, including the region with wavelengths of 1 mm to 30 cm (1000–300,000 megacycles per second). SYN: microelectric ...
microwelding
A method of fastening or joining stainless steel sutures or such sutures to needles.
microxyphil
A multinuclear oxyphil leukocyte. [micro- + G. oxys, acid, + philos, fond]
microzoon
A microscopic form of the animal kingdom; a protozoon. [micro- + G. zoon, animal]
micrurgical
Relating to procedures performed on minute structures under a microscope. [micro- + G. ergon, work]
miction
SYN: urination.
Micturate
To urinate. The verb "micturate" (like the noun "micturation") comes from the Latin "micturire" meaning "to want to urinate." * * * SYN: ...
Micturition
Urination, the act of urinating. The word "micturition" comes from the Latin "micturire" which has a slightly different meaning, namely "to want to ...
Micturition syncope
The temporary loss of consciousness upon urinating. (Syncope is the temporary loss of consciousness or, in plain English, fainting). The situations that trigger this reaction ...
MID
Abbreviation for minimal infecting dose.
mid-
Middle. [A.S. mid, midd]
midazolam hydrochloride
A short-acting injectable benzodiazepine central nervous system depressant used for preoperative sedation.
midbody
A dense stalk of residual interzonal spindle fibers (microtubules) and actin-containing filaments that is formed during anaphase of mitosis and connects daughter cells during ...
midbrain
mesencephalon.
Midbrain aqueduct
A canal that communicates between the third and fourth ventricles in a system of four communicating cavities within the brain that are continuous with the central canal of the ...
midcarpal
1. Relating to the central part of the carpus. 2. Denoting the articulation between the two rows of carpal bones. SYN: carpocarpal. SYN: mediocarpal, mesocarpal.
middle
Denoting an anatomical structure that is between two other similar structures or that is midway in position. SYN: medius.
Middle ear
There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The middle ear consists of the ear drum (the tympanum or tympanic membrane) ...
Middle ear infection, acute
Acute middle ear infection, medically called acute otitis media is inflammation of the middle ear. Acute otitis media typically causes fluid in the middle ear accompanied by ...
midge
The smallest of the biting flies, in the genus Culicoides; swarms may attack humans and other animals; vectors of filarial infections. [O.E. mycg]
midgracile
Denoting an occasional fissure dividing the gracile lobe of the cerebellum into two parts.
midgut
1. The central portion of the digestive tube; the distal duodenum, small intestine, and proximal colon. 2. The portion of the embryonic gut tract between the foregut and the ...
midmenstrual
Denoting the several days midway in time between two menstrual periods.
midoccipital
Relating to the central portion of the occiput. SYN: medioccipital.
midpain
SYN: intermenstrual pain (1).
midplane
SYN: pelvic plane of least dimensions.
midriff
SYN: diaphragm (1). [A.S. mid, middle, + hrif, belly]
midsection
A cut or section through the middle of an organ.
midsternum
SYN: body of sternum.
midtarsal
Relating to the middle of the tarsus. SYN: mediotarsal, mesotarsal.
Midwife
A person trained to assist a woman during childbirth. Many midwives also provide prenatal care for pregnant women, birth education for women and their partners, and care for ...
Midwife assistant
A person who assists a midwife with prenatal care, childbirth education, delivery, and post-natal care. Also known as a doula or labor assistant.
Midwife, certified
A midwife who has been certified by her state or national agency for credentialing midwives.
Midwife, certified nurse
A person with an AS, BS, or Master’s degree in nursing who has also completed specialized training in midwifery. In the US, certified nurse midwives (CNMs) must earn ...
Midwife, certified professional
A midwife who has completed a degree in midwifery at a credentialed educational institution. Abbreviated CPM.
Midwife, direct-entry
A midwife who has entered the profession as an apprentice to a practicing midwife rather than attending a formal school program.
Midwife, empirical
A midwife who has entered the profession as an apprentice to a practicing midwife rather than attending a formal school program.
Midwife, lay
A midwife who has entered the profession as an apprentice to a practicing midwife rather than attending a formal school program.
Midwife, traditional
A direct-entry midwife practicing within the confines of traditional folk medicine. Traditional midwives are now very rare in the US, but preside over the majority of births in ...
midwifery
Independent care of essentially normal, healthy women and infants by a midwife, antepartally, intrapartally, postpartally, and/or obstetrically in a hospital, birth center, or ...
Miescher
Johann F., Swiss pathologist, 1811–1887. See M. elastoma, M. granuloma, M. tubes, under tube.
MIF
Abbreviation for migration- inhibitory factor.
Mifepristone
The French abortion pill, also known as RU-486. RU-486 has been used in combination with another drug called misoprostol, terminate pregnancy at an early stage. It is used ...
migraine
A symptom complex occurring periodically and characterized by pain in the head (usually unilateral), vertigo, nausea and vomiting, photophobia, and scintillating appearances of ...
Migrainous neuralgia
A distinctive syndrome of headaches, today better known as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache — the episodic and the chronic: ...
migration
1. Passing from one part to another, said of certain morbid processes or symptoms. 2. SYN: diapedesis. 3. Movement of a tooth or teeth out of normal position. 4. Movement of ...
MIH
Abbreviation for melanotropin release-inhibiting hormone.
Mikity
Victor G., U.S. radiologist, *1919. See Wilson-M. syndrome.
Mikulicz
Johannes von-Radecki, Polish surgeon in Germany, 1850–1905. See M. aphthae, under aphtha, M. cells, under cell, M. clamp, M. disease, M. drain, M. operation, M. syndrome, M.- ...
Miles
William E., British surgeon, 1869–1947. See M. operation.
milia
Plural of milium.
miliaria
An eruption of minute vesicles and papules due to retention of fluid at the orifices of sweat glands. SYN: miliary fever (2). [L. miliarius, relating to millet, fr. milium, ...
miliary
1. Resembling a millet seed in size (about 2 mm). 2. Marked by the presence of nodules of millet seed size on any surface. [see miliaria]
Miliary aneurysm
An aneurysm that is tiny like a millet seed. Miliary aneurysms tend to affect minute arteries in the brain and, in the eye, in the retina. One of the botanical borrowings by ...
Miliary tuberculosis
The presence of numerous sites of tuberculosis infection each of which is minute, about the size of millet seed, due to dissemination of infected material through the bloodstream ...
milieu
1. Surroundings; environment. 2. In psychiatry, the social setting of the mental patient, e.g., the family setting or a hospital unit. [Fr. mi, fr. L. medius, middle, + lieu, ...
military antishock trousers
SYN: pneumatic antishock garment.
milium
A tiny subepidermal keratinous cyst, usually multiple and therefore commonly referred to in the plural. M. may be primary (developmental), occurring predominantly on the face in ...
milk
1. A white liquid, containing proteins, sugar, and lipids, secreted by the mammary glands, and designed for the nourishment of the young. SYN: lac (1). 2. Any whitish milky ...
Milk, witch's
An old folk term for the milk that commonly flows from the newborn baby's breast or can be expressed from it. This transient phenomenon is due to stimulation of the baby's breasts ...
Milkman
Louis A., U.S. roentgenologist, 1895–1951. See M. syndrome.
milkpox
SYN: alastrim.
Millard
Auguste L.J., French physician, 1830–1915. See M.-Gubler syndrome.
Miller
Thomas Grier, U.S. physician, *1886. See M.- Abbott tube. Willoughby D., U.S. dentist, 1853–1907. See M. chemicoparasitic theory.
millet seed
The seed of a grass, formerly used as a rough designation of size of about 2 mm in diameter.
milli-
Prefix used in the SI and metric system to signify submultiples of one-thousandth (10−3). [L. mille, one thousand]
milliampere
One thousandth of an ampere.
millibar
One-thousandth of a bar; 100 newtons/sq m; 0.75006 mm Hg; standard atmospheric pressure is 1013 millibars.
millicurie
A unit of radioactivity equivalent to 3.7 × 107 disintegrations per second.
milliequivalent
One-thousandth equivalent; 10−3 mol divided by valence.
Milligram
A unit of measurement of mass in the metric system equal to a thousandth of a gram. A gram is equal to the mass of one milliliter, one thousandth of a liter, of water at 4 ...
millilambert
One thousandth of a lambert; a unit of brightness equal to 0.929 lumen per square foot (roughly, 1 equivalent footcandle).
milliliter
One-thousandth of a liter.
millimeter
One-thousandth of a meter.
millimicro-
Prefix formerly used to signify submultiples of one-billionth (10−9); now nano-.
millimicron
Former term for nanometer.
millimole
One-thousandth of a gram-molecule.
milling-in
Refining the occlusion of teeth by the use of abrasives between their occluding surfaces while the dentures are rubbed together in the mouth or on the articulator.
milliosmole
One-thousandth of an osmole.
millipede
A venomous nonpredaceous arthropod of the order Diplopoda, characterized by two pairs of legs per leg-bearing segment. The venom is purely defensive, oozed or squirted from ...
millisecond
One-thousandth of a second.
millivolt
One thousandth of a volt.
Millon
Auguste N.E., French chemist, 1812–1867. See M. reaction, M. reagent, M.- Nasse test.
milphosis
Loss of eyelashes. SYN: madarosis (1). [G. m.]
milrinone
A xanthine oxidase inhibitor which increases the force of contraction of the heart; used in congestive heart failure; resembles amrinone; cardiotonic.
Milroy
William F., U.S. physician, 1855–1942. See M. disease.
Milwaukee brace
One of the two main types of braces used to treat the lateral curve of the spine in scoliosis. This brace can be worn to correct any curve in the spine. The brace can be ...
Milzbrand
Known also as anthrax, milzbrand is a serious bacterial infection. It is not primarily a human disease but rather an infection of animals. Cattle, sheep, horses, mules, and some ...
MIM
Abbreviation for Mendelian Inheritance in Man.
Mimesis
Imitation or mimicry. Mimesis in medicine refers to the hysterical simulation of organic disease and to the imitation of one organic disease by another. Mimesis in aesthetic or ...
Mimetic
The adjective for " mimesis" — imitation or mimicry. A radiomimetic drug is one that imitates the effects of radiation as in the case of chemicals such as nitrogen mustards ...
mimic
To imitate or simulate. [G. mimikos, imitating, fr. mimos, a m.]
mimmation
A form of stammering in which the m-sound is given to various letters. [Ar. mim, the letter m]
min.
Abbreviation for minute.
Minamata disease
A disorder caused by methyl mercury poisoning that was first described in the inhabitants of Minamata Bay, Japan and resulted from their eating fish contaminated with mercury ...
mind
1. The organ or seat of consciousness and higher functions of the human brain, such as cognition, reasoning, willing, and emotion. 2. The organized totality of all mental ...
mind-reading
SYN: telepathy.
mineral
Any homogeneous inorganic material usually found in the earth's crust. [L. mineralis, pertaining to mines, fr. mino, to mine]
mineral oil
A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum, used as a vehicle in pharmaceutical preparations; occasionally used as an intestinal lubricant; can interfere with ...
Mineral requirements, infant
Minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, iodine, copper and zinc) and trace elements (manganese, chromium, selenium, and molybdenum) are included in most infant ...
mineralization
The introduction of minerals into a structure, as in the normal m. of bones and teeth or the pathologic m. of tissues, i.e., dystrophic or metastatic calcification.
mineralocoid
SYN: mineralocorticoid.
mineralocorticoid
One of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences water and electrolyte (particularly sodium and potassium ions) metabolism and balance. SYN: mineralocoid.
Mineralocorticoids
A group of hormones (the most important being aldosterone) that regulate the balance of water and electrolytes (ions such as sodium and potassium) in the body. The ...
mineralotropic
Concerning the action of or relating to mineralocorticoids.
mini
A moderate-sized computer that can serve many users in a department, or one dedicated to a complex computational function such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance ...
minilaparotomy
Technique for sterilization by surgical ligation of the fallopian tubes, performed through a small suprapubic or infraumbilical incision.
minim
1. A fluid measure, 160 of a fluidrachm; in the case of water about one drop. 2. Smallest; least; the smallest of several similar structures. [L. minimus, least]
minimum
The smallest amount or lowest limit. [L. smallest, least]
minimyosin
A protein similar to myosin in having a globular actin-binding domain and a short tail that can bind to membranes but lacking a long α-helical tail; believed to have a role in ...
Minipill
A form of oral contraceptive taken daily, like combined oral contraceptives (the "pill"), but containing only the hormone progestin and no estrogen. The minipill works by ...
minithoracotomy
See under thoracotomy.
minocycline
A substituted naphthacenecarboxamide; an antibacterial drug related to tetracycline.
Minor
A minor is someone who is not yet an adult and, in a larger sense, it is something that is less than something else. For example, the teres minor muscle is smaller than the teres ...
Minor anomaly
: An unusual anatomic feature that is of no serious medical or cosmetic consequence to the patient. A minor anomaly of the feet might, for example, be curvature of the second toe ...
Minor salivary gland
A small gland which produces saliva. There are numerous minor salivary glands distributed within the mouth and palate.
minoxidil
An antihypertensive agent used for treatment of premature hair loss; sometimes used topically on the scalp to increase hair growth.
mint
SYN: Mentha. [G. mintha]
mio-
Less. [G. meion]
miodidymus, miodymus
Unequal conjoined twins with the head of the smaller twin joined to the occipital region of the head of the larger twin. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ mio- + G. didymos, ...
miolecithal
Denoting an egg with little yolk which is uniformly dispersed throughout the egg. [ mio- + G. lekithos, egg yolk]
miopragia
Diminished functional activity in a part. [ mio- + G. prasso, to do]
miopus
Unequal conjoined twins with heads united in such a manner that one face is rudimentary. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ mio- + ops, eye]
miosis
1. Contraction of the pupil. 2. Incorrect alternative spelling for meiosis. [G. meiosis, a lessening] - paralytic m. m. due to paralysis of the dilator muscle of the pupil. - ...
miotic
1. Relating to or characterized by constriction of the pupil. 2. An agent that causes the pupil to constrict so that the pupils are small.
MIP
Abbreviation for maximum intensity projection. Abbreviation for macrophage inflammatory protein.
miracidium
The ciliated first-stage larva of a trematode that emerges from the egg and must penetrate into the tissues of an appropriate intermediate host snail if it is to continue its ...
Mirchamp sign
See under sign.
mire
One of the test objects in the ophthalmometer; its image (also called a m.), mirrored on the corneal surface, is measured to determine the radii of curvature of the cornea. [L. ...
mirex
Benzene derivative used as insecticide and fire retardant for plastics, rubber, paint, paper, electrical goods; likely carcinogen.
Mirizzi
P.L., 20th century Argentinian physician. See M. syndrome.
mirror
A polished surface reflecting the rays of light reflected from objects in front of it. [Fr. miroir, fr. L. miror, to wonder at] - concave m. a spherical reflecting surface that ...
mirror-writing
Writing backward, from right to left, the letters appearing like ordinary writing seen in a mirror. SYN: retrography.
miryachit
A nervous affection observed in Siberia. See jumping disease.
MIS
Abbreviation for müllerian inhibiting substance.
misandry
Aversion to or hatred of men. [G. miseo, to hate, + aner, andros, male]
misanthropy
Aversion to and hatred of human beings. [G. miseo, to hate, + anthropos, man]
Miscarriage
Inadvertent loss of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable. A considerable proportion of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Also called a * * * Spontaneous expulsion of the products ...
Miscarriages, multiple
When couples have more than one miscarriage, there is about a 5 percent chance that one member of the couple is carrying a chromosome translocation responsible for the ...
miscarry
To have a miscarriage.
miscegenation
Marriage or interbreeding of individuals of different races. [L. misceo, to mix, + genus, descent, race]
miscible
Capable of being mixed and remaining so after the mixing process ceases. [L. misceo, to mix]
misdiagnosis
A wrong or mistaken diagnosis.
Mismatch repair
A system within the cell for correcting errors in DNA that works by detecting and replacing bases in the DNA that are wrongly paired (mismatched bases). The system repairs the ...
misogamy
Aversion to marriage. [G. miseo, to hate, + gamos, marriage]
misogyny
Aversion to or hatred of women. [G. miseo, to hate, + gyne, woman]
misopedia, misopedy
Aversion to or hatred of children. [G. miseo, to hate, + pais (paid-), child]
misoprostol
A prostaglandin analog used in the treatment of ulcer disease; particularly useful in persons taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; antiulcerative.
missense
As used in genetics, a mutation that causes a sequence such that there is a substitution of one amino acid residue for another. - m. suppression a mutation in tRNA that allows ...
Missense mutation
A genetic change involving the substitution of one base in the DNA for another which results in the substitution of one amino acid in a polypeptide for another. A missense ...
mistletoe
SYN: viscum (1).
MIT
Abbreviation for monoiodotyrosine.
Mitchell
See Weir M..
mite
A minute arthropod of the order Acarina, a vast assemblage of parasitic and (primarily) free-living organisms. Most are still undescribed, and only a relatively small number are ...
Mite-borne typhus
Scrub: typhus, a mite-borne infectious disease caused by a microorganism, Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, characteristically with fever, headache, a raised (macular) rash, swollen ...
mithramycin
An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces argillaceus and S. tanashiensis; possesses antineoplastic activity. SYN: aureolic acid, mitramycin.
mithridatism
Immunity against the action of a poison produced by small and gradually increasing doses of the same. [Mithridates, King of Pontus (132–63 B.C.), supposedly an unsuccessful ...
miticidal
Destructive to mites.
miticide
An agent destructive to mites. [mite + L. caedo, to kill]
mitigate
SYN: palliate. [L. mitigo, pp. -atus, to make mild or gentle, fr. mitis, mild, + ago, to do, make]
mitis
Mild. [L.]
Mitochondria
The mitochondria are normal energy- producing structures within cells. They are located in the cell's cytoplasm outside the nucleus. The mitochondria are responsible for energy ...
Mitochondrial
Referring to mitochondria. The mitochondria are normal structures called organelles in cells. They are located in the cell's cytoplasm outside the nucleus. The mitochondria are ...
Mitochondrial disease
Mutations (changes) in the mitochondrial chromosome are responsible for a number of disorders including, for example: An eye disease called Leber's hereditary optic atrophy; A ...
Mitochondrial DNA
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is the DNA of the mitochondrion, a structure situated in the cytoplasm of the cell rather than in the nucleus (where all the other chromosomes are ...
Mitochondrial encephalopathy, MELAS
MELAS is the acronym for Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes. MELAS is a form of dementia. It is caused by mutations in the genetic ...
Mitochondrial genome
All of the genetic information contained in the chromosome of the mitochondrion, a structure located in the cytoplasm outside the nucleus of the cell. The nucleus houses the ...
Mitochondrial inheritance
The inheritance of a trait encoded in the mitochondrial genome. Because of the oddities of mitochondria, mitochondrial inheritance does not obey the classic rules of genetics. ...
Mitochondrial myopathy
A form of muscle disease that leads to progressive muscle weakness. More than 25 types of enzyme abnormalities have been defined that fall into this category. They result in a ...
Mitochondrion
Singular of mitochondria. The mitochondria are normal structures called organelles in cells. They are located in the cell's cytoplasm outside the nucleus. The mitochondria are ...
mitogen
A substance frequently derived from plants that stimulates mitosis and lymphocyte transformation; includes not only lectins such as phytohemagglutinins and concanavalin A, but ...
mitogenesis
The process of induction of mitosis in or transformation of a cell. [ mitosis + G. genesis, origin]
mitogenetic
Pertaining to the factor or factors promoting cell mitosis.
mitogenic
Causing mitosis or transformation.
mitomycin
Antibiotic produced by Streptomyces caespitosus, variants of which are designated m. A, m. B, etc.; m. C is an antineoplastic agent and a bacteriocide; inhibits DNA synthesis. ...
mitoplast
A mitochondrion without its outer membrane.
Mitosis
Ordinary division of a body cell to form two daughter cells each with the same chromosome complement as the parent cell. * * * The usual process of somatic reproduction of cells ...
mitotane
An antineoplastic agent.
mitotic
Relating to or marked by mitosis.
Mitotic nondisjunction
Failure of the two members of a chromosome pair to separate (disjoin) during mitosis so that both go to one daughter cell and none to the other.
mitoxantrone hydrochloride
A synthetic anti-neoplastic used intravenously in the initial therapy for acute nonlymphocytic leukemia in adults.
mitral
1. Relating to the m. or bicuspid valve. 2. Shaped like a bishop's miter; denoting a structure resembling the shape of a headband or turban. [L. mitra, a coif or turban]
Mitral insufficiency
Malfunction of the mitral valve. Mitral insufficiency allows the backflow of blood (regurgitation) from the left ventricle into the left atrium.
Mitral prolapse
Drooping down or abnormal bulging of the mitral valve cusps during the contraction of the heart.
Mitral regurgitation
Backflow of blood from the left ventricle to the left atrium due to mitral valve insufficiency (malfunction).
Mitral valve
One of the four valves of the heart, the mitral valve is situated between the left atrium and the left ventricle. It permits blood to flow one way: from the left atrium into the ...
Mitral valve prolapse
Drooping down or abnormal bulging of the mitral valve’s cusps backward into the
mitralization
Straightening of the left heart border on a chest radiograph due to prominence of the left atrial appendage or the pulmonary outflow tract; an unreliable indication of mitral ...
mitramycin
SYN: mithramycin.
Mitrofanoff
Paul, French pediatric surgeon, *1934. See M. principle.
Mitsuda
Kensuke, Japanese physician, 1876–1964. See M. antigen, M. reaction.
Mitsuo
Gentaro, Japanese ophthalmologist, 1876–1913. See M. phenomenon.
Mittelschmerz
Pain in between the menstrual periods. From the German mittel for middle and schmerz for pain. * * * Abdominal pain occurring at the time of ovulation, resulting from irritation ...
mivacurium
A neuromuscular blocking agent resembling d-tubocurarine, but having a shorter duration of action.
Mixed connective tissue disease
A mixture of three diseases of connective tissue (the framework of the cells of the body) — systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, and polymyositis. Patients with mixed ...
Mixed mania
A state of mind characterized by symptoms of both mania and depression, mixed mania is seen in bipolar disorders. It is more common in bipolar children and women. A person ...
Mixed-lineage leukemia
A newly recognized type of childhood leukemia in which a piece of chromosome 11 has been translocated (broken off and attached itself to another chromosome). Children with this ...
mixing
The mingling or blending of particles or components, especially of different kinds. - phenotypic m. a nongenetic interaction in which virus particles released from a cell that is ...
mixotrophy
The property of certain microorganisms that can assimilate organic compounds as carbon sources but not as energy sources. [G. mixis, mixture, fr. mignumi, to mix, + trophe, ...
mixture
1. A mutual incorporation of two or more substances, without chemical union, the physical characteristics of each of the components being retained. A mechanical m. is a m. of ...
Miyagawa
Yoneji, Japanese bacteriologist, 1885–1959. See Miyagawanella, M. bodies, under body.
Miyagawanella
Formerly considered a genus of Chlamydiaceae, but now synonymous with Chlamydia. [Y. Miyagawa]
MK
Abbreviation for menaquinone.
MK-6
Abbreviation for menaquinone-6.
MK-7
Abbreviation for menaquinone-7.
MLC
Abbreviation for Marginal Line Calculus Index.
MLD, mld
Abbreviation for minimal lethal dose.
mlRNA
Abbreviation for messengerlike RNA.
mm
1. Abbreviation for meningomyelocele. (In lower case letters, mm stands for millimeters) 2. Abbreviation for millimeters. For example, mm Hg means millimeters of mercury, the ...
mM, mm
Abbreviation for millimolar.
MMMT
Abbreviation for malignant mixed müllerian tumor or malignant mixed mesodermal tumor.
mmol
Abbreviation for millimole.
MMPI
Abbreviation for Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory test.
MMR
Stands for the measles, mumps, rubella vaccine. The MMR vaccine is now given in two dosages. The first should be given at 12-15 months of age. The second vaccination should be ...
MMWR
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, a weekly scientific publication prepared and published by the CDC (US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). MMWR contains data ...
Mn
Symbol for manganese.
MND
Abbreviation for motor neuron disease.
mneme
The enduring quality in the mind that accounts for the facts of memory; the engram of a specific experience. [G. m., memory]
mnemenic, mnemic
Relating to memory.
mnemism
SYN: mnemic hypothesis. [G. mneme, memory]
mnemonic
SYN: anamnestic (1).
mnemonics
The art of improving the memory; a system for aiding the memory. [G. mnemonikos, mnemonic, pertaining to memory]
MNSs blood group
See Blood Groups appendix.
Mo
Symbol for molybdenum.
MoAb
Abbreviation for monoclonal antibody.
mobilization
1. Making movable; restoring the power of motion in a joint. 2. The act or the result of the act of mobilizing; exciting a hitherto quiescent process into physiologic activity. ...
mobilize
1. To liberate material stored in the body; more specifically, to move a substance from tissue stores into the bloodstream. 2. To excite quiescent material to physiologic ...
Mobitz
Woldemar, German cardiologist, *1889. See M. types of atrioventricular block.
Möbius
Paul J., German physician, 1853–1907. See M. sign, M. syndrome, Leyden-M. muscular dystrophy.
MOD
Abbreviation for mesiodistocclusal.
modality
1. A form of application or employment of a therapeutic agent or regimen. 2. Various forms of sensation, e.g., touch, vision, etc.. [Mediev. L. modalitas, fr. L. modus, a mode]
mode
In a set of measurements, that value which appears most frequently. [L. modus, a measure, quantity]
model
1. A representation of something, often idealized or modified to make it conceptually easier to understand. 2. Something to be imitated. 3. In dentistry, a cast. 4. A ...
modeling
1. In learning theory, the acquiring and learning of a new skill by observing and imitating that behavior being performed by another individual. 2. In behavior modification, a ...
modification
1. A nonhereditary change in an organism; e.g., one that is acquired from its own activity or environment. 2. A chemical or structural alteration in a molecule. - behavior m. the ...
modifier
That which alters or limits. - biologic response m. agent that modifies host responses to neoplasms by enhancing immune systems or reconstituting impaired immune mechanisms.
Modifiers, biological response (BRMs)
Substances that stimulate the body's response to infection and disease. The body naturally produces small amounts of these substances. Scientists can produce some of them in the ...
modiolus
1. [tA] The central cone-shaped core of spongy bone about which turns the spiral canal of the m.. 2. SYN: m. of angle of mouth. [L., the nave of a wheel] - m. of angle of ...
modulation
1. The functional and morphologic fluctuation of cells in response to changing environmental conditions. 2. Systematic variation in a characteristic ( e.g., frequency, ...
modulator
That which regulates or adjusts. - selective estrogen receptor m. ( SERM) pharmaceutical agent with selective estrogen receptor affinity; current preparations have a primary ...
modulus
A coefficient expressing the magnitude of a physical property by a numerical value. [L. dim. of modus, a measure, quantity] - bulk m. SYN: m. of volume elasticity. - m. of ...
Moeller
Julius O.L., German surgeon, 1819–1887. See M. glossitis. Alfred, German bacteriologist, *1868. See M. grass bacillus.
mofebutazone
An anti-inflammatory agent used for the treatment of arthritis.

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