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ot-
The ear. SEE ALSO: auri-. [G. ous]
Ota
Masao T., Japanese dermatopathologist, 1885–1945. See O. nevus.
otalgia
SYN: earache. [ot- + G. algos, pain] - geniculate o. SYN: geniculate neuralgia. - reflex o. pain referred to the ear from disease in another part, most commonly teeth, ...
otalgic
1. Relating to otalgia, or earache. 2. A remedy for earache.
OTC
Abbreviation for over the counter, pertaining to a drug available without a prescription.
OTC (over-the-counter)
Available without a prescription. OTC drugs are available without a prescription, simply "over the counter." OTC drugs are in contrast to prescription drugs that require a ...
other-directed
Pertaining to a person readily influenced by the attitudes of others.
otic
Relating to the ear. [G. otikos, fr. ous, ear]
Otic barotrauma
Middle ear problems due to changing atmospheric pressures, as when a plane descends to land. The problems include ear pain, ringing, diminished hearing and, sometimes, dizziness. ...
Otis
Arthur Brooks, U.S. respiratory physiologist, *1913. See Rahn-O. sample.
otitic
Relating to otitis.
otitis
Inflammation of the ear. [ot- + G. -itis, inflammation] - adhesive o. inflammation of the middle ear caused by prolonged eustachian tube dysfunction resulting in permanent ...
Otitis externa
Infection of the skin covering the outer ear canal that leads in to the ear drum, usually due to bacteria such as streptococcus, staphylococcus, or pseudomonas. Swimmer’s ...
Otitis media, acute
Inflammation of the middle ear in which there is fluid in the middle ear accompanied by signs or symptoms of ear infection: a bulging eardrum usually accompanied by pain; or a ...
oto-
The ear. SEE ALSO: auri-. [G. ous]
Oto- (prefix)
Combining form meaning ear. From the Greek "otos" pertaining to the ear. Appears for example in otic, otitis, otolaryngologist, otoscope, etc.
otoacoustic
Referring to the very faint sounds produced by the ear; thought to represent mechanical vibrations in the cochlea.
otobiosis
Presence of larvae and the characteristic spiny nymphs of the tick Otobius megnini in the external auditory canal of cattle, horses, cats, dogs, deer, coyotes, and other domestic ...
Otobius
A genus of argasid ticks similar to Ornithodoros but characterized by a granulated integument, a hypostome that is vestigial in the adult but well developed in the spiny ...
otocephaly
Malformation characterized by markedly defective development of the lower jaw ( micrognathia or agnathia) and the union or close approach of the ears ( synotia) on the front of ...
otocerebritis
SYN: otoencephalitis.
otoconia
SYN: otoliths.
otocranial
Relating to the otocranium. SYN: osteotympanic.
otocranium
The bony case of the internal and middle ear, consisting of the petrous portion of the temporal bone. [oto- + G. kranion, cranium]
otocyst
1. Embryonic auditory vesicle. 2. A balancing organ, analogous to the utricle of mammals, possessed by certain invertebrates and containing grains of calcareous material or of ...
Otodectes
A genus of ear mites (family Psoroptidae) consisting of a single species, O. cynotis, the cause of otodectic mange in dogs, cats, and other carnivores; the entire lifespan of ...
otodectic
Of, relating to, or caused by mites of the genus Otodectes.
otodynia
SYN: earache. [oto- + G. odyne, pain]
otoencephalitis
Inflammation of the brain by extension of the process from the middle ear and mastoid cells. SYN: otocerebritis. [oto- + G. enkephalos, brain, + -itis, inflammation]
otoganglion
SYN: otic ganglion.
otogenic, otogenous
Of otic origin; originating within the ear, especially from inflammation of the ear. [oto- + G. -gen, producing]
Otolaryngologist
: A doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the ear, nose, and throat. * * * A physician who specializes in otolaryngology.
otolaryngology
The combined specialties of diseases of the ear and larynx, including the upper respiratory tract and diseases of the head and neck, tracheobronchial tree, and esophagus. [oto- + ...
otoliths, otolites
Crystalline particles of calcium carbonate and a protein adhering to the gelatinous membrane of the maculae of the utricle and saccule. SYN: statoconia [TA], ear crystals, ...
otologic
Relating to otology.
otologist
A specialist in otology.
Otology
The study and medical care of the ear. * * * The branch of medical science concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the ear and related structures. [oto- ...
otomucormycosis
Mucormycosis of the ear.
otomycosis
An infection in which fungal mycelia are seen in cerumen and desquamated cells in the external auditory canal, usually unilateral, with scaling, itching, and pain as the ...
otoneuralgia
Earache of neuralgic origin, not caused by inflammation. [oto- + G. neuron, nerve, + algos, pain]
otopalatodigital
Relating to the ears, palate, and fingers.
otopathy
Any disease of the ear. [oto- + G. pathos, suffering]
otopharyngeal
Relating to the middle ear and the pharynx.
Otopharyngeal tube
The tube that runs from the middle ear to the pharynx, known also as the Eustachian tube. The function of this tube is to protect, aerate and drain the middle ear (and ...
otoplasty
Constructive or reparative plastic surgery of the ear. [oto- + G. plastos, formed]
otorhinolaryngology
The combined specialties of diseases of the ear, nose, pharynx, and larynx; including diseases of the head and neck, tracheobronchial tree, and esophagus. SEE ALSO: ...
otorrhea
A discharge from the ear. [oto- + G. rhoia, flow] - cerebrospinal fluid o. discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the external auditory meatus or through the eustachian tube ...
otosalpinx
SYN: pharyngotympanic (auditory) tube. [oto- + G. salpinx, trumpet]
otosclerosis
A disease of the otic capsule (bony labyrinth) characterized by formation of soft, vascular bone and resulting in progressive conductive hearing loss because of fixation of the ...
Otoscope
Instrument for looking in the ear. Today, otoscopic or ophthalmoscopic heads can usually be attached to the base (which supplies the electrical power) to look at the ears or ...
otoscopy
Inspection of the ear, especially of the eardrum. [oto- + G. skopeo, to view] - pneumatic o. inspection of the ear with a device capable of varying air pressure against the ...
otospongiosis
A more accurately descriptive term for the pathologic changes in otosclerosis.
otosteal
Relating to the ossicles of the ear. [oto- + G. osteon, bone]
ototoxic
Relating to ototoxicity.
ototoxicity
The property of being injurious to the ear. [oto- + G. toxikon, poison] - familial aminoglycoside o. inherited susceptibility to sensory hearing loss upon administration of ...
Otto
Adolph W., German surgeon, 1786–1845. See O. pelvis, O. disease.
otto of rose
SYN: oil of rose.
Ottoson
David, Swedish physiologist, *1918. See O. potential.
ouabagenin
The aglycon obtained from the hydrolysis of the cardiac glycoside, ouabain; exerts cardiotonic activity.
ouabain
A glycoside and African arrow poison from ouabaio, obtained from the wood of Acocanthera ouabaio or from the seeds of Strophanthus gratus; its action is qualitatively identical ...
Ouchterlony
Orjan, Swedish bacteriologist, *1914. See O. method, O. technique, O. test, O. technique.
oul-
For words beginning thus, see ulo-.
Ounce
A measure of weight equal to 1/16th of a pound or, metrically, 28.35 grams. The abbreviation for ounce is oz. (An ounce of prevention is reputedly worth a pound of cure.) * * ...
out of phase
Not in phase, moving in opposite directions at the same time; 180° o.; a possible characteristic of two simultaneous oscillations of similar frequency.
Outer ear
There are three sections of the ear: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The outer ear looks complicated but it is functionally the simplest part of the ear. It ...
outlet
An exit or opening of a passageway. SEE ALSO: aperture. - pelvic o. [TA] the lower opening of the true pelvis, bounded anteriorly by the pubic arch, laterally by the rami of the ...
outlier
An observation that differs so widely from all others in a set as to justify the conclusion that a gross error has occurred or that it comes from a different population.
Outpatient
A patient who is not an inpatient (not hospitalized), but instead comes to a doctor’s office, clinic, or day surgery for treatment). Outpatient care is called ambulatory ...
output
The quantity produced, ejected, or excreted of a specific entity in a specified period of time or per unit time, e.g., urinary sodium o.; the opposite of intake or input. - ...
Output, cardiac
The amount of blood pumped by the heart per minute. The amount of blood put out by the left ventricle of the heart in one contraction is called the stroke volume. The stroke ...
ova
Plural of ovum. [L.]
oval
1. Relating to an ovum. 2. Egg-shaped, resembling in outline the longitudinal section of an egg.
ovalbumin
The chief protein occurring in the white of egg and resembling serum albumin; also found in phosphorylated form. SYN: albumen, egg albumin.
ovalocytosis
SYN: elliptocytosis.
ovarialgia
Pain in an ovary. SYN: oophoralgia. [ovario- + G. algos, pain]
ovarian
Relating to the ovary.
Ovarian cyst
A fluid-filled sac in the ovary. The most common type of ovarian cyst is called a follicular cyst. It results from the growth of a follicle. A follicle is the fluid-filled cyst ...
Ovarian remnant syndrome
Pelvic pain due to leftover ovarian tissue after removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Ovarian remnant syndrome can cause cyclic pain and pressure on the vagina, rectum, ...
Ovarian teratoma
Also called a dermoid cyst of the ovary, this is a bizarre tumor, usually benign, in the ovary that typically contains a diversity of tissues including hair, teeth, bone, ...
ovariectomy
Excision of one or both ovaries. SYN: oophorectomy. [ovario- + G. ektome, excision]
ovario-, ovari-
Ovary. SEE ALSO: oo-, oophor-. [L. ovarium]
ovariocele
Hernia of an ovary. [ovario- + G. kele, hernia]
ovariocentesis
Puncture of an ovary or an ovarian cyst. [ovario- + G. kentesis, puncture]
ovariocyesis
SYN: ovarian pregnancy. [ovario- + G. kyesis, pregnancy]
ovariodysneuria
Ovarian pain or neuralgia. [ovario- + G. dys-, bad, + neuron, nerve]
ovariogenic
Originating in the ovary. [ovario- + G. -gen, producing]
ovariolytic
Destructive to the ovary. [ovario- + G. lysis, dissolution]
ovariopathy
Any disease of the ovary. SYN: oophoropathy. [ovario- + G. pathos, suffering]
ovariorrhexis
Rupture of an ovary. [ovario- + G. rhexis, rupture]
ovariosalpingectomy
Operative removal of an ovary and the corresponding oviduct. SYN: oophorosalpingectomy. [ovario- + salpingectomy]
ovariosalpingitis
Inflammation of ovary and oviduct. SYN: oophorosalpingitis. [ovario- + salpingitis]
ovariostomy
Establishment of a temporary fistula for drainage of a cyst of the ovary. [ovario- + G. stoma, mouth]
ovariotomy
An incision into an ovary, e.g., a biopsy or a wedge excision. SYN: oophorotomy. [ovario- + G. tome, incision]
ovaritis
SYN: oophoritis.
ovarium
SYN: ovary. [Mod. L. fr. ovum, egg] - o. bipartitum an ovary separated into two distinct parts. - o. disjunctum an ovary partially or completely divided into two sections. - o. ...
Ovary
The female gonad, the ovary is one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. They are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and ...
Ovary cyst, follicular
A fluid-filled sac in the ovary, the most common type of ovarian cyst. It results from the growth of a follicle. A follicle is the fluid-filled cyst that contains an egg. In some ...
Ovary, dermoid cyst of the
A bizarre tumor, usually benign, in the ovary that typically contains a diversity of tissues including hair, teeth, bone, thyroid, etc. A dermoid cyst develops from a ...
Over-the-counter (OTC) drug
A drug for which a prescription is not needed.
overbite
SYN: vertical overlap.
overclosure
A decrease in occlusal vertical dimension.
overcompensation
1. An exaggeration of personal capacity by which one overcomes a real or imagined inferiority. 2. The process in which a psychologic deficiency inspires exaggerated correction. ...
overcorrection
In behavior modification treatment programs, especially those involving mentally retarded individuals, overlearning the desired target behavior beyond the set criterion to ...
overdenture
SYN: overlay denture.
overdetermination
In psychoanalysis, ascribing the cause of a single behavioral or emotional reaction, mental symptom, or dream to the operation of two or more forces, that is, it is ...
overdominance
That state in which the heterozygote has greater phenotype value and perhaps is more fit than the homozygous state for either of the alleles that it comprises. Cf.:balanced ...
overdominant
Denoting heterozygous states that exhibit overdominance.
overdrive
1. An electrophysiologic pacing technique to exceed the rate of an abnormal pacemaker and so capture the territory controlled by that pacemaker (usually atrial). 2. A state of ...
overeruption
Occlusal projection of a tooth beyond the line of occlusion.
overextension
SYN: hyperextension.
overgrafting
Placing a second or additional grafts over a previously healed graft from which the epithelium has been removed, as with dermabrasion, to strengthen and thicken a split- ...
Overgrowth syndromes
Conditions with multiple abnormalities including excessive growth. Early overgrowth syndromes that affecting children include the fragile X and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndromes. ...
overhang
An excess of dental filling material beyond the cavity margin or normal tooth contour.
overhead projector
SYN: epidiascope.
overhydration
SYN: hyperhydration.
overjet, overjut
SYN: horizontal overlap.
overlap
1. Suturing of one layer of tissue above or under another to gain strength. 2. An extension or projection of one tissue over another. - horizontal o. the projection of the upper ...
overlay
An addition to an already existing condition. - emotional o. the emotional or psychologic concomitant of an organic disability.
overlearning
In the psychology of memory, continuation of practice beyond the point at which one is able to perform according to the specified criterion; typically, retention is longer after ...
Overload, iron
Iron overload can damage the heart, liver, gonads and other organs. Iron overload is a particular risk for: {{}}People with certain genetic conditions such as hemochromatosis; ...
overresponse
An abnormally strong reaction to a stimulus.
overriding
1. Slippage of the lower fragment of a broken long bone upward and alongside the proximal portion. 2. Obsolete term denoting a fetal head that is palpable above the symphysis ...
oversensing
Sensing of electrical or magnetic signals, which normally should not be sensed by a pacemaker, but result in inappropriate inhibition of the pacemaker's output.
overshoot
1. Generally, any initial change, in response to a sudden step change in some factor, that is greater than the steady-state response to the new level of that factor; common in ...
Overton
Charles E., German biologist in Sweden, 1865–1933. See Meyer-O. rule, Meyer-O. theory of narcosis.
overtone
Any of the tones, other than the lowest or fundamental tone, of which a complex sound is composed. - psychic o. the mental associations related to any stimulus.
overventilation
SYN: hyperventilation.
Overweight
The term "overweight" is used in two different ways. In one sense it is a way of saying imprecisely that someone is heavy. The other sense of "overweight" is more precise and ...
overwintering
Persistence of an infectious agent in its vector for extended periods, such as the cooler winter months, during which the vector has no opportunity to be reinfected or to infect ...
ovi-
Egg. SEE ALSO: oo-, ovo-. [L. ovum]
ovicidal
Causing death of the ovum. [ ovi- + L. caedo, to kill]
oviducal
SYN: oviductal.
oviduct
SYN: uterine tube. [ ovi- + L. ductus, a leading, fr. duco, pp. ductus, to lead]
oviductal
Relating to a uterine tube. SYN: oviducal.
oviferous
Carrying, containing, or producing ova. SYN: ovigerous. [ ovi- + L. fero, to carry]
oviform
SYN: ovoid (2).
ovigenesis
SYN: oogenesis.
ovigenetic, ovigenic
SYN: oogenetic.
ovigenous
SYN: oogenetic.
ovigerous
SYN: oviferous.
ovigerus
SYN: cumulus oöphorus.
ovine
Relating to sheep; sheeplike. [L. ovinus, relating to a sheep]
oviparity
The quality of being oviparous. [ ovi- + L. pario, to bear]
oviparous
Egg-laying; denoting those birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, monotreme mammals, and invertebrates whose young develop in eggs outside of the maternal body. [L. oviparus, fr. ...
oviposit
To lay eggs; applied especially to insects. [ ovi- + L. pono, pp. positus, to place]
oviposition
Act of laying or depositing eggs by insects.
ovipositor
A specialized female organ especially well developed in insects for laying or depositing eggs.
ovist
A preformationist who believed that the female sex cell contained a miniature body susceptible to growth when stimulated by semen. Cf.:spermist.
ovo-
Egg. SEE ALSO: oo-, ovi-. [L. ovum]
ovocyte
SYN: oocyte. [ ovo- + G. kytos, a hollow (cell)]
ovoflavin
Riboflavin found in eggs.
ovogenesis
SYN: oogenesis.
ovoglobulin
Globulin in the white of egg.
ovoid
1. An oval or egg-shaped form. 2. Resembling an egg. SYN: oviform. [ ovo- + G. eidos, resemblance] - fetal o. the form of the fetus in utero; its length is about one-half of ...
ovolarviparous
Denoting certain nematodes and other invertebrates in which the eggs are hatched within the female, and the larvae developed or protected within the uterus until the correct time ...
ovomucin
A glycoprotein in the white of egg.
ovomucoid
A mucoprotein obtained from the white of egg.
ovoplasm
Protoplasm of an unfertilized egg.
ovoprotogen
SYN: lipoic acid.
ovosiston
An oral contraceptive that consists of a mixture of a progestin and an estrogen.
ovotestis
Gonad in which both testicular and ovarian components are present; a form of hermaphroditism.
ovotransferrin
SYN: conalbumin.
ovovitellin
SYN: vitellin. [ ovo- + L. vitellus, yolk]
ovoviviparous
Denoting those fish, amphibians, and reptiles that produce eggs that hatch within the body of the parent. [ ovo- + L. viviparus, bringing forth alive, fr. vivus, alive, + pario, ...
ovular
Relating to an ovule.
Ovulation
The release of the ripe egg from the ovary. The egg is released when the cavity surrounding it (the follicle) breaks open in response to a hormonal signal. Ovulation occurs ...
ovulatory
Relating to ovulation.
ovule
1. The ovum of a mammal, especially while still in the ovarian follicle. 2. A small beadlike structure bearing a fancied resemblance to an o.. SYN: ovulum. [Mod. L. ovulum, ...
ovulocyclic
Denoting any recurrent phenomenon associated with and occurring at a certain time within the ovulatory cycle, as, for example, o. porphyria.
ovulum
SYN: ovule.
Ovum
An ovum is an egg that exists in the ovary of the female. This egg is called the female "gamete" or sex cell. It combines with the male gamete, called a sperm, to form ...
Owen
Sir Richard, English anatomist, 1804–1892. See O. lines, under line, contour lines of O., under line, interglobular space of O..
Owren
Paul A., Norwegian hematologist, *1905. See O. disease.
oxa-
Combining form inserted in names of organic compounds to signify the presence or addition of oxygen atom(s) in a chain or ring (as in ethers), not appended to either (as in ...
oxacillin sodium
A semisynthetic penicillin used in the oral therapy of penicillin-resistant staphylococcal infections.
oxalaldehyde
SYN: glyoxal.
oxalate
A salt of oxalic acid.
oxalemia
The presence of an abnormally large amount of oxalates in the blood. [ oxalate + G. haima, blood]
oxalic acid
An acid, HOOC–COOH, found in many plants and vegetables, particularly in buckwheat (family Polygoniaceae) and Oxalis (family Oxalidaceae); used as a hemostatic in veterinary ...
oxalo
The monoacyl radical, HOOC–C(O)–.
oxaloacetate transacetase
SYN: citrate synthase.
oxaloacetic acid
A ketodicarboxylic acid and important intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle; the product formed when l-aspartic acid acts as an amine donor in transamination reactions. ...
oxalosis
Widespread deposition of calcium oxalate crystals in the kidneys, bones, arterial media, and myocardium, with increased urinary excretion of oxalate; may be an acquired ...
oxalosuccinic acid
The product of the dehydrogenation of isocitric acid under the catalytic influence of isocitrate dehydrogenase; an enzyme-bound intermediate of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. ...
oxalosuccinic carboxylase
SYN: isocitrate dehydrogenase.
oxalourea
SYN: oxalylurea.
oxaluria
SYN: hyperoxaluria. [ oxalate + G. ouron, urine]
oxaluric acid
The ureide of oxalic acid, derived from uric acid or oxalylurea.
oxalyl
The diacyl radical, –CO–CO–.
oxalylurea
The cyclic (end-to-end) amide anhydride of oxaluric acid; an oxidation product of uric acid. SYN: oxalourea, parabanic acid.
oxamniquine
A tetrahydroquinoline derivative, similar to hycanthone and lucanthone, effective against Schistosoma mansoni; now largely superseded by the broad-spectrum anthelmintic drug ...
oxanamide
A sedative.
oxandrolone
17β-Hydroxy-17α-methyl-2-oxa-5α-androstan-3-one (C-2 replaced by O in the androstane nucleus); an androgenic anabolic steroid.
oxaphenamide
A choleretic.
oxazepam
A benzodiazepine chemically and pharmacologically related to chlordiazepoxide and diazepam; an antianxiety agent.
oxazin
Parent substance of a series of biologic dyes, e.g., gallocyanin, brilliant cresyl blue, cresyl violet acetate.
oxazole
The fundamental ring system of pyranoses.
oxazolidinediones
An obsolescent chemical class of antiepileptic drugs useful in the treatment of absence (petit mal) seizures; examples include trimethadione and paramethadione.
oxazolidinones
A new class of antibacterial antibiotics.
oxeladin
An antitussive agent.
oxiconazole
Broad-spectrum antifungal agent resembling ketoconazole.
oxidant
The substance that is reduced and that, therefore, oxidizes the other component of an oxidation-reduction system.
oxidase
Classically, one of a group of enzymes, now termed oxidoreductases (EC class 1), that bring about oxidation by the addition of oxygen to a metabolite or by the removal of hydrogen ...
oxidasis
Oxidation by an oxidase.
oxidation
1. Combination with oxygen. 2. Increasing the valence of an atom or ion by the loss from it of hydrogen or of one or more electrons thus rendering it more electropositive, as ...
oxidation-reduction
Any chemical oxidation or reduction reaction, which must, in toto, comprise both oxidation and reduction; the basis for calling all oxidative enzymes (formerly oxidases) ...
oxidative
Having the power to oxidize; denoting a process involving oxidation.
oxide
A compound of oxygen with another element or a radical; e.g., mercuric o., HgO. - acid o. an acid anhydride; an o. of an electronegative element or radical; it can combine with ...
oxidize
To combine or cause an element or radical to combine with oxygen or to lose electrons.
oxime
A compound resulting from the action of hydroxylamine, NH2OH, on a ketone or an aldehyde to yield the group =N–OH attached to the former carbonyl carbon atom. - amide oximes ...
oximeter
An instrument for determining photoelectrically the oxygen saturation of a sample of blood. - cuvette o. an o. that reads the percentage of oxygen saturation of the blood as it ...
oximetry
Procedure using a device to measure oxygen saturation by fluctations of light absorption in well-vascularized tissue during systole and diastole. The underlying principle is ...
oxirane
SYN: ethylene oxide.
oxo acid
SYN: keto acid.
oxo-
Prefix denoting addition of oxygen; used in place of keto- in systematic nomenclature. SEE ALSO: hydroxy-, oxa-, oxy-.
oxoacetic acid
SYN: glyoxylic acid.
oxolamine
Used for treatment of bronchopulmonary infections.
oxolinic acid
A quinolone antibacterial agent used in the treatment of urinary tract infections.
oxophenarsine hydrochloride
An antisyphilitic and antitrypanosomal agent.
oxosuccinic acid
SYN: oxaloacetic acid.
oxotremorine
An active metabolite of tremorine. Used as a pharmacologic tool for producing a parkinsonian tremor.
oxprenolol hydrochloride
A β-receptor blocking agent with coronary vasodilator activity.
OXT
Abbreviation for oxytocin.
oxtriphylline
A true salt of theophylline; it has mild diuretic, myocardial stimulating vasodilator, and bronchodilator actions, with the same uses as theophylline, but is better absorbed ...
Oxy
Street name for OxyContin, prescription painkiller that has become a popular and dangerous recreational drug. OxyContin is a time-release morphine-like narcotic intended to ...
oxy-
1. Combining form denoting shrill; sharp, pointed; quick (incorrectly used for ocy-, from G. okys, swift). 2. In chemistry, combining form denoting the presence of oxygen, ...
oxyacoia, oxyakoia
Increased sensitiveness to sounds, occurring in facial paralysis, especially when the stapedius muscle is paralyzed. [G. oxys, acute, + akoe, hearing]
oxyaphia
SYN: hyperaphia. [G. oxys, acute, + haphe, touch]
oxybarbiturates
Hypnotics of the barbiturate group in which the atom attached at the carbon-2 position is oxygen; virtually all hypnotic barbituates are oxybarbituates.
oxybenzone
An ultraviolet screen for use in skin ointments and lotions.
oxybiotin
An analog and antimetabolite of biotin, in which the sulfur atom is replaced by oxygen.
oxybutynin chloride
An intestinal antispasmodic.
oxycalorimeter
A calorimeter measuring energy content of substances in terms of oxygen consumed.
oxycellulose
Cellulose that has been oxidized by NO2 or other oxidizing agents to the point at which all or most of the glucose residues have been converted to glucuronic acid residues; used ...
oxycephalia
SYN: oxycephaly.
oxycephalic, oxycephalous
Relating to or characterized by oxycephaly. SYN: acrocephalic, acrocephalous.
oxycephaly
A type of craniosynostosis in which there is premature closure of the lambdoid and coronal sutures, resulting in an abnormally high, peaked, or conical skull. SYN: ...
oxychloride
A compound of oxygen with a metallic chloride; e.g., a chlorate or perchlorate.
oxychromatic
SYN: acidophilic. [G. oxys, sour, acid, + chroma, color]
oxychromatin
Chromatin that stains with acid dyes, as in interphase nuclei. SYN: oxyphil chromatin.
oxycodone
A narcotic analgesic often combined with aspirin or acetaminophen.
OxyContin
A prescription painkiller that has become a popular and dangerous recreational drug. Also called "Oxy" in the street. OxyContin is a time-release morphine-like narcotic intended ...
oxygen
1. A gaseous element, atomic no. 8, atomic wt. 15.9994 on the basis of 12C = 12.0000; an abundant and widely distributed chemical element, which combines with most of the other ...
Oxygen mask
A mask that covers the mouth and nose, and is hooked up to an oxygen tank. It delivers oxygen directly to the patient. Oxygen can also be delivered directly through a nasal ...
Oxygen tent
A tent-like device used to deliver high levels of oxygen to a patient in a bed. The tent typically covers the whole bed of an infant and the head and upper body of an older child ...
oxygen-15
A cyclotron-produced, positron-emitting radioisotope of oxygen with a half-life of 122.2 seconds; used in studies of respiratory function and in positron emission tomography.
oxygen-16
The common oxygen isotope, making up 99.76% of natural oxygen.
oxygen-17
The rarest of the stable oxygen isotopes, making up 0.04% of natural oxygen.
oxygen-18
A stable oxygen isotope making up 0.20% of natural oxygen; used in mass spectrometry and in NMR studies of tissue. SYN: heavy oxygen.
oxygenase
One of a group of enzymes (EC subclass 1.13) catalyzing direct incorporation of O2 into substrates; e.g., tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase ( tryptophan pyrrolase) catalyzing ...
Oxygenate
To add oxygen to any chemical or physical system, including the human body. Oxygenate can also refer to the process of treating a patient with oxygen, or of combining a medication ...
Oxygenation
The addition of oxygen to any chemical or physical system, including the human body. Oxygenation can also refer to the process of treating a patient with oxygen, or of combining a ...
oxygenic
Pertaining to or containing oxygen.
oxygenize
To oxidize with oxygen.
oxyheme
SYN: hematin.
oxyhemochromogen
SYN: hematin.
Oxyhemoglobin
The oxygen-loaded form of hemoglobin, the predominant protein in red blood cells. Hemoglobin is a protein molecule that binds to oxygen. Hemoglobin forms an unstable, reversible ...
oxyiodide
A compound of oxygen with a metallic iodide, e.g., an iodate or periodate.
oxykrinin
SYN: secretin.
oxyluciferin
The activated derivative of luciferin formed in bioluminescence.
oxymesterone
An anabolic steroid.
oxymetazoline hydrochloride
A vasoconstrictor used topically to reduce swelling and congestion of the nasal mucosa.
Oxymetholone
A male hormone that stimulates production of the male hormone testosterone. It is sometimes given to treat hormonal imbalance in men, or certain types of disease in both men ...
oxymorphone hydrochloride
A semisynthetic narcotic analgesic closely related chemically to hydromorphone hydrochloride; its actions are similar to those of morphine, but more potent.

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