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Слова на букву noem-pco (2629)

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oxymyoglobin
Myoglobin in its oxygenated form, analogous in structure to oxyhemoglobin.
oxynervone
SYN: hydroxynervone.
oxyntic
Acid forming, e.g., the parietal cells of the gastric glands. [G. oxyno, to sharpen, make sour, acid]
oxypertine
An antianxiety agent; also available as the hydrochloride.
oxyphenbutazone
An orally effective analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent used (usually in short courses) for rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
oxyphencyclimine hydrochloride
The hydrochloride of 1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-1-methylpyrimidin-2-ylmethyl-α-cyclohexyl-α-hydroxy-α-phenylacetate; an anticholinergic agent.
oxyphenisatin acetate
A cathartic with pharmacologic properties resembling those of phenolphthalein, except that it is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.
oxyphenonium bromide
A quaternary ammonium compound with anticholinergic action.
oxyphil, oxyphile
1. O. cell. 2. SYN: eosinophilic leukocyte. 3. SYN: oxyphilic. [G. oxys, sour, acid, + philos, fond]
oxyphilic
Having an affinity for acid dyes; denoting certain cell or tissue elements. SYN: oxyphil (3), oxyphile.
oxyphonia
Shrillness or high pitch of the voice. [G. oxys, sharp, + phone, voice]
oxypolygelatin
A modified gelatin used as a plasma extender in transfusions.
oxypurine
A purine containing oxygen; e.g., hypoxanthine, xanthine, uric acid.
oxypurinol
Alloxanthine and inhibitor of xanthine oxidase; an active metabolite of allopurinol. The drug inhibits the formation of uric acid and is used in the treatment of gout.
oxyrhine
Having a sharp-pointed nose. [G. oxys, sharp, + rhis (rhin-), nose]
oxyrygmia
Obsolete term for eructation of acid fluid. [G. oxys, acid, + erygmos, eructation]
Oxyspirura mansoni
A widely distributed spiruroid nematode parasite found under the nictitating membrane in the eye of turkeys, chickens, peafowl, quail, and grouse; larvae develop to the ...
oxytalan
A type of connective tissue fiber histochemically distinct from collagen or elastic fibers described in the periodontal ligament and gingivae. [G. oxys, acid, + talas, suffering, ...
oxytetracycline
An antibiotic produced by the actinomycete, Streptomyces rimosus, present in the soil; its actions and uses are similar to those of tetracycline; available as the dihydrate, ...
oxythiamin
A molecule similar to that of thiamin but with a hydroxyl group replacing the amino group on the pyrimidine ring; a thiamin antagonist capable of inducing symptoms of thiamin ...
oxytocia
Rapid parturition. [G. okytokos, swift birth]
oxytocic
1. Hastening childbirth. 2. SYN: parturifacient (2).
Oxytocin
A hormone made in the brain that plays a role in childbirth and lactation by causing muscles to contract in the uterus (womb) and the mammary glands in the breast. Animal ...
oxyuricide
An agent that destroys pinworms. [ oxyurid + L. caedo, to kill]
oxyurid
Common name for members of the family Oxyuridae. [see Oxyuris]
Oxyuridae
A family of parasitic nematodes (superfamily Oxyuroidea) found in the large intestine or cecum of vertebrates and the intestine of invertebrates, especially insects and ...
Oxyuris
A genus of nematodes commonly called seatworms or pinworms (although the pinworm of humans is the closely related form, Enterobius vermicularis). O. equi, the horse pinworm, is ...
oz.
Abbreviation for ounce. * * * Abbreviation for ounce.
ozena
SYN: atrophic rhinitis. [G. ozaina, a fetid polypus, fr. ozo, to smell]
ozenous
Relating to ozena.
ozocerite
SYN: ozokerite.
ozokerite
A mixture of paraffinic and cycloparaffinic hydrocarbons occurring in nature; it has a higher melting point than synthetic paraffin, and is used as a substitute for beeswax. ...
ozonator
An apparatus for generating ozone and diffusing it in the atmosphere of a room.
ozone
O3; a powerful oxidizing agent; air containing a perceptible amount of O3 formed by an electric discharge or by the slow combustion of phosphorus, and has an odor suggestive of ...
ozonide
The unstable intermediate formed by the reaction of ozone with an unsaturated organic compound, especially with unsaturated fatty acid s.
ozonolysis
The splitting of a double bond in a hydrocarbon chain upon treatment with ozone, with the formation of two aldehydes (an ozonide is the unstable intermediate); has been used ...
ozonometer
A modified form of ozonoscope, in which by a series of test papers the amount of ozone in the atmosphere may be estimated.
ozonoscope
Filter paper saturated with starch and potassium iodide or with litmus and potassium iodide; turns blue in the presence of ozone.
ozostomia
SYN: halitosis. [G. ozo, to smell, + stoma, mouth]
P
1. Symbol for peta-; phosphorus; proline; product; poise; power; frequently with subscripts indicating location and/or chemical species. 2. Followed by a subscript, 1) refers ...
p
1. Abbreviation for pupil; optic papilla. 2. In polynucleotide symbolism, phosphoric ester or phosphate. 3. Symbol for pico- (2); the negative decadic logarathm; proton; ...
p arm of a chromosome
The short arm of a chromosome. The "p" comes from the French "petit" meaning small. All human chromosomes have 2 arms - the p (short) arm and the q (long) arm - that are ...
P congenitale
The P-wave pattern in the electrocardiogram seen in some cases of congenital heart disease, consisting of tall peaked P waves in leads I, II, aVF, and aVL (usually largest in ...
p in biochemistry
The abbreviation for protein. For example, p53 is a protein (53 kilodaltons in size).
p in population genetics
The frequency of the more common of two different alternative (allelic) versions of a gene. (The frequency of less common allele is q).
P mitrale
Broad, notched P waves in several or many leads of the electrocardiogram with a prominent late negative component to the P wave in lead V1, presumed to be characteristic of ...
P pulmonale
Tall, narrow, peaked P waves in electrocardiographic leads II, III, and aVF, and often a prominent initial positive P wave component in V1, presumed to be characteristic of cor ...
p,p′-dichlorodiphenyl methyl carbinol
A synthetic compound found effective as a miticide.
p-
Abbreviation for para- (4).
P-170
SYN: P-glycoprotein.
p-aminobenzoic acid
A factor in the vitamin B complex, a part of all folic acid s and required for its formation; neutralizes the bacteriostatic effects of the sulfonamides since it furnishes an ...
p-aminohippuric acid
Used in renal function tests to measure renal plasma flow; actively secreted (and filtered) by the kidney. - p-aminohippuric acid synthase an enzyme in the liver that catalyzes ...
p-aminopropiophenone
An antidote for cyanide poisoning.
p-aminosalicylic acid
A bacteriostatic agent against tubercle bacilli, used as a second-line agent; potassium, sodium, and calcium salts have the same use.
p-chloral
SYN: m-chloral.
p-chloromercuribenzoate
Organic mercury compound that reacts with —SH groups of proteins; an inhibitor of action of those proteins (enzymes) that depend on —SH reactivity. SEE ALSO: ...
p-chlorophenol
SYN: parachlorophenol.
p-CMB
Abbreviation for p.chloromercuribenzoate.
P-dextrocardiale
An electrocardiographic syndrome characteristic of overloading of the right atrium, often erroneously called P-pulmonale because the syndrome can result from any overloading of ...
P-glycoprotein
Protein associated with tumor multidrug resistance; acts as energy-requiring efflux pump for many classes of natural products and chemotherapeutic drugs. SYN: P-170.
p-hydroxymercuribenzoate
An organic mercurial formed spontaneously by hydrolysis of p.chloromercuribenzoate. SEE ALSO: p.mercuribenzoate.
p-hydroxyphenylacetate
A minor side product of l-tyrosine degradation that is elevated in the urine in cases of neonatal tyrosinemia and in Richner-Hanhart syndrome.
p-hydroxyphenyllactate
A metabolite in tyrosine degradation that is elevated in individuals with Richner-Hanhart syndrome.
p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate
A metabolite formed by the transamination of tyrosine; elevated in the urine of individuals with tyrosinemia.
p-mercuribenzoate
A commonly used enzyme inhibitor because of its reaction with sulfhydryl groups; usually p.chloromercuribenzoate or p.hydroxymercuribenzoate is used.
p-rosolic acid
SYN: aurin.
P-sinistrocardiale
An electrocardiographic P-wave characteristic of overloading of the left atrium; often erroneously called P-mitrale, as the syndrome can result from any overloading of the left ...
p-sulfamylacetanilide
SYN: N4-acetylsulfanilamide.
p-terphenyl
C6H5–C6H4–C6H5; useful as a primary scintillator in liquid scintillation counting.
p. c.
Abbreviation for L. post cibum, after a meal.
P.A.
Abbreviation for physician assistant.
p.c.
Abbreviation meaning after meals (from the Latin "post cibum", after meals). One of a number of hallowed abbreviations of Latin terms that have traditionally been used in ...
p.d.
Abbreviation of prism diopter.
p.o.
Abbreviation meaning by mouth, orally (from the Latin " per os", by mouth). One of a number of hallowed abbreviations of Latin terms that have traditionally been used in ...
P.p.
Abbreviation for punctum proximum.
P.r.
Abbreviation for punctum remotum.
p.r.n.
Abbreviation meaning "when necessary" (from the Latin " pro re nata", for an occasion that has arisen, as circumstances require, as needed). One of a number of hallowed ...
P1
Abbreviation for parental generation.
P2Gri
Symbol for diphosphoglycerate.
p53
A tumor suppressor. The designation "p53" stands for "protein 53 kilodaltons" in size. p53 is a specific protein produced by a gene that functions to suppress the growth of ...
P700
The pigment in chloroplasts bleached by light of wavelengths about 700 nm.
p870
The pigment in bacterial chromatophores bleached by light of wavelengths about 870 nm.
Pa
Symbol for pascal; protactinium.
PA (physician assistant)
A physician assistant (a PA) is a mid-level medical practitioner who works under the supervision of a licensed doctor (an MD) or osteopathic physician (a DO). The physician ...
PA (posteroanterior)
In anatomy, PA stands for posteroanterior: from back-to-front. For example, a PA X-ray of the chest is taken from back-to-front. PA in this respect is the opposite of AP which ...
PA X-ray
An X-ray picture in which the beams pass from back-to-front (posteroanterior). As opposed to an AP (anteroposterior) film in which the rays pass through the body from ...
Paas
H.R., German physician, *1900. See P. disease.
PABA
Abbreviation for p-aminobenzoic acid.
pablum
A precooked infant food, a mixture of wheat, oat, and corn meals, wheat embryo, alfalfa leaves, brewers' yeast, iron, and sodium chloride. [L. pabulum, nourishment, fr. pasco, to ...
pabular
Relating to, or of the nature of, pabulum.
pabulum
Food or nutriment. [L.]
Pacchioni
Antonio, Italian anatomist, 1665–1726. See pacchionian bodies, under body, pacchionian corpuscles, under corpuscle, pacchionian depressions, under depression, pacchionian ...
pacchionian
Attributed to or described by Antonio Pacchioni (1665–1726).
pacefollower
Any cell in excitable tissue that responds to stimuli from a pacemaker.
Pacemaker
A system that sends electrical impulses to the heart in order to set the heart rhythm. The pacemaker can be the normal "natural" pacemaker of the heart or it can be an electronic ...
Pacemaker, artificial
A device that uses electrical impulses to regulate the heart rhythm or to reproduce that rhythm. An internal pacemaker is one in which the electrodes into the heart, the ...
Pacemaker, implantable
A device that uses electrical impulses to regulate the heart rhythm or to reproduce that rhythm. An internal pacemaker is one in which the electrodes into the heart, the ...
Pacemaker, internal
A device that uses electrical impulses to regulate the heart rhythm or to reproduce that rhythm. An internal pacemaker is one in which the electrodes into the heart, the ...
Pacemaker, natural
The natural pacemaker of the heart is the sinus node, one of the major elements in the cardiac conduction system, the system that controls the heart rate. This stunningly ...
pachometer
SYN: pachymeter.
Pachon
Michel V., French physiologist, 1867–1938. See P. method, P. test.
pachy-
Thick. [G. pachys, thick]
Pachy- (prefix)
Thick. As in pachydactyly (thick fingers), pachydermatous (thick fingers) and pachyonychia (thick nails). From the Greek pachys, thick.
pachyblepharon
Thickening of the tarsal border of the eyelid. SYN: tylosis ciliaris. [ pachy- + G. blepharon, eyelid]
pachycephalia
SYN: pachycephaly.
pachycephalic, pachycephalous
Relating to or marked by pachycephaly.
pachycephaly
Abnormal thickness of the skull. SYN: pachycephalia. [ pachy- + G. kephale, head]
pachycheilia, pachychilia
Swelling or abnormal thickness of the lips. [ pachy- + G. cheilos, lip]
pachycholia
Inspissation of the bile. [ pachy- + G. chole, bile]
pachychromatic
Having a coarse chromatin reticulum.
pachychymia
Inspissation of the chyme. [ pachy- + G. chymos, juice]
pachydactylia
SYN: pachydactyly.
pachydactylous
Relating to or characterized by pachydactyly.
Pachydactyly
Thick fingers or toes. A feature, for example, of neurofibromatosis. From the Greek pachys, thick + daktylos, finger or toe. * * * Enlargement of the fingers or toes, especially ...
pachyderma
Abnormally thick skin. SEE ALSO: elephantiasis. SYN: pachydermatosis. [ pachy- + G. derma, skin] - p. laryngis a circumscribed epithelial hyperplasia at the posterior ...
pachydermatosis
SYN: pachyderma.
pachydermodactyly
Digital swelling due to diffuse fibromatosis occurring on the proximal interphalangeal joints of the index, middle, and ring fingers (sometimes involving the fifth finger, ...
pachydermoperiostosis
A syndrome of clubbing of the digits, periosteal new bone formation, especially over the distal ends of the long bones (idiopathic hypertrophic osteoarthropathy), and ...
pachyglossia
An enlarged, thick tongue. [ pachy- + G. glossa, tongue]
pachygnathous
Characterized by a large or thick jaw. [ pachy- + G. gnathos, jaw]
pachygyria
Condition in which the convolutions of the cerebral cortex are abnormally large; there are fewer sulci than normal and in some cases the amount of brain substance is somewhat ...
pachyleptomeningitis
Inflammation of all the membranes of the brain or spinal cord. [G. pachys, thick, + leptos, thin, + meninx (mening-), membrane, + -itis, inflammation]
pachymeningitis
Inflammation of the dura mater. SYN: perimeningitis. [ pachy- + G. meninx, membrane, + -itis, inflammation] - p. externa inflammation of the outer surface of the dura mater. ...
pachymeningopathy
Disease of the dura mater. [ pachy- + G. meninx (mening-), membrane, + pathos, disease]
pachymeninx
SYN: dura mater. [ pachy- + G. meninx, membrane]
pachymeter
An instrument for measuring the thickness of any object, especially of thin objects such as a plate of bone or a membrane. SYN: pachometer. [ pachy- + G. metron, measure] - ...
pachynema
SYN: pachytene. [ pachy- + G. nema, thread]
pachynsis
Obsolete term for any pathologic thickening. [G. a thickening]
pachyntic
Relating to pachynsis.
Pachyonychia
Elephant nail, a fingernail or toenail that is abnormally thick. From the Greek pachys, thick + onyx, nail = thick nail. * * * Abnormal thickness of the fingernails or ...
Pachyonychia congenita of the Jadassohn-Lewandowski type
This is a type of pachyonychia congenita (elephant nails from birth). The characteristic features include: {{}}Abnormally thick curved nails (onychogryposis) Thickening of the ...
Pachyonychia congenita with natal teeth
This is a type of pachyonychia congenita (elephant nails from birth) in which teeth are evident at birth. It is called the Jadassohn-Lewandowski syndrome. The characteristic ...
Pachyonychia congenita, type 1
This is a form of pachyonychia congenita (elephant nails from birth) in which teeth are evident at birth. It is called the Jadassohn-Lewandowski syndrome. The characteristic ...
pachyotia
Thickness and coarseness of the auricles of the ears. [ pachy- + G. ous, ear]
pachyperiostitis
Proliferative thickening of the periosteum caused by inflammation. [ pachy- + periostitis]
pachyperitonitis
Obsolete term for inflammation of the peritoneum with thickening of the membrane. SYN: productive peritonitis. [ pachy- + peritonitis]
pachypleuritis
Obsolete term for inflammation of the pleura with thickening of the membrane. SYN: productive pleurisy. [ pachy- + pleura + G. -itis, inflammation]
pachypodous
Having large thick feet. [ pachy- + G. pous, foot]
pachysomia
Pathologic thickening of the soft parts of the body, notably in acromegaly. [ pachy- + G. soma, body]
pachytene
The stage of prophase in meiosis in which pairing of homologous chromosomes is complete and the paired homologues may twine about each other as they continue to shorten; ...
pachyvaginalitis
Obsolete term for chronic inflammation with thickening of the tunica vaginalis testis. [ pachy- + Mod. L. ( tunica) vaginalis, + G. -itis, inflammation]
pachyvaginitis
Obsolete term for chronic vaginitis with thickening and induration of the vaginal walls. [ pachy- + vagina + G. -itis, inflammation] - p. cystica SYN: vaginitis emphysematosa. ...
Pacifier
An artificial nipple, usually made of plastic, upon which an infant can suck to gain some solace and quiet down. A pacifier is called by other names in other countries including ...
Pacini
Filippo, Italian anatomist, 1812–1883. See pacinian corpuscles, under corpuscle, Vater-P. corpuscles, under corpuscle.
pacinian
Attributed to or described by Pacini.
pacinitis
Inflammation of the pacinian corpuscles.
pack
1. To fill, stuff, or tampon. 2. To enwrap or envelop the body in a sheet, blanket, or other covering. 3. To apply a dressing or covering to a surgical site. 4. The items used ...
packer
1. An instrument for tamponing. 2. SYN: plugger.
packing
1. Filling a natural cavity, a wound, or a mold with some material. 2. The material so used. 3. The application of a pack. - denture p. filling and compressing a denture base ...
paclitaxel
Antitumor agent that promotes microtubule assembly by preventing depolymerization; currently used in salvage therapy for metastatic carcinoma of ovary.
PACS
Acronym for picture archive and communication system, a computer network for digitized radiologic images and reports.
pad
1. Soft material forming a cushion, used in applying or relieving pressure on a part, or in filling a depression so that dressings can fit snugly. 2. A more or less ...
Paecilomyces
A genus of saprophytic imperfect fungi whose conidia-bearing hyphae superficially resemble the penicillus of Penicillium; isolated as contaminants, occasional pathogen. - P. ...
paeciloycosis
A systemic (mainly pulmonary) mycosis of humans and various lower animals caused by fungi of the genus Paecilomyces.
paed-
See ped-.
PAF
Abbreviation for platelet-activating factor.
PAGE
Abbreviation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.
Pagenstecher
Alexander, German ophthalmologist, 1828–1879. See P. circle.
Paget
Sir James, English surgeon, 1814–1899. See P. cells, under cell, P. disease, extramammary P. disease, P.-von Schrötter syndrome.
Paget's disease of bone
A chronic bone disorder that typically results in enlarged, deformed bones due to excessive breakdown and formation of bone tissue that can cause bones to weaken and may result in ...
Paget's disease of the breast
The combination of scaly skin changes of the nipple resembling eczema and an underlying cancer of the breast. The nipple is inflamed because of the presence of Paget's cells. ...
Paget-Eccleston stain
See under stain.
Pagetic
Pertaining to Paget disease, a chronic disorder that typically results in enlarged, deformed bones due to excessive breakdown and formation of bone tissue that can cause bones to ...
pagetoid
Resembling or characteristic of Paget disease.
pagophagia
Compulsive and repeated ingestion of ice; sometimes associated with iron-deficiency anemia. [G. pagos, frost, + phago, to eat]
PAH
Abbreviation for p-aminohippuric acid.
Pain
An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pain has both physical and emotional components. The physical part of pain results from nerve ...
Pain management
The process of providing medical care that alleviates or reduces pain. Pain management is an extremely important part of health care, as patients forced to remain in severe pain ...
Pain, abdominal
Pain in the belly.
Pain, ankle
The ankle is a "hinged" joint that is commonly sprained. This is the most common cause of ankle pain. The severity of ankle sprains ranges from mild (resolving within a day or ...
Pain, back
Symptoms in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, ...
Pain, chest
Chest pain has many cause. One celebrated cause is angina which results from inadequate oxygen supply to the heart muscle due to coronary artery disease or spasm of the coronary ...
Pain, elbow
Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, which can affect the inner or outer elbow. Treatment includes ice, rest, and medication for inflammation. Elbow pain has many ...
Pain, false labor
The pain associated with intermittent non-productive muscular contractions of the womb (uterus) during pregnancy, most commonly in the last two months before full term. These ...
Pain, knee
Causes of knee pain include injury, degeneration, arthritis, infrequently infection and rarely bone tumors.
Pain, shingles
Localized pain in the area of involvement of shingles. When such pain persists beyond one month it is referred to as postherpetic neuralgia.The most common complication of ...
Painful vulva
Also called essential vulvodynia, a chronic, diffuse, unremitting sensation of burning of the vulva — (the female external genital organs including the labia, clitoris, and ...
Pains, growing
Mysterious pains in growing children, usually in the legs. These pains are similar to what the weekend gardener suffers from on Monday—an overuse type of problem. If in ...
paint
A solution or suspension of one or more medicaments applied to the skin with a brush or large applicator; usually used in the treatment of widespread eruptions. - carbol- ...
pair
Two objects considered together because of similarity, for a common purpose, or because of some attracting force between them. - base p. ( b.p.) the complex of two heterocyclic ...
pajaroello
SYN: Ornithodoros coriaceus. [Am. Sp. pajahuello, fr. Sp. paja, straw, + huello, undersurface of hoof]
Palade
George E., Romanian-U.S. cell biologist and Nobel laureate, *1912. See P. granule, Weibel-P. bodies, under body.
palatal
Relating to the palate or the palate bone. SYN: palatine.
Palate
: The roof of the mouth. The front portion is bony (hard palate), and the back portion is muscular (soft palate). * * * The bony and muscular partition between the oral and nasal ...
Palate, cleft
An opening in the roof of the mouth (the palate) due to a failure of the palatal shelves to come fully together from either side of the mouth and fuse, as they normally should, ...
Palate, hard
The bony part of the roof of the mouth. The hard palate is just in front of the soft palate.
Palate, soft
The muscular part of the roof of the mouth. The soft palate is directly behind the hard palate. It lacks bone and so is soft.
palatiform
Palate-shaped; resembling the palate.
palatinase
A maltase in the intestinal mucosa that hydrolyzes palatinose; probably oligo-1,6-glucosidase.
palatine
SYN: palatal.
palatinose
A disaccharide consisting of d-glucose and d-fructose in α-1,6 linkage ( sucrose is α-1,2).
palatitis
Inflammation of the palate. SYN: uranisconitis.
palato-
Palate. [L. palatum, palate]
palatoglossal
Relating to the palate and the tongue or to the palatoglossus muscle.
palatoglossus
SYN: p. (muscle).
palatognathous
Having a cleft palate. [ palato- + G. gnathos, jaw]
palatogram
A registration of tongue action against the palate made by placing soft wax or powder on a baseplate.
palatograph
An instrument used in recording the movements of the soft palate in speaking and during respiration. SYN: palate myograph, palatomyograph. [ palato- + G. grapho, to record]
palatomaxillary
Relating to the palate and the maxilla.
palatomyograph
SYN: palatograph. [G. palato- + mys, muscle, + grapho, to record]
palatonasal
Relating to the palate and the nasal cavity.
palatopharyngeal
Relating to palate and pharynx.
palatopharyngeus
SYN: p. (muscle). [L.]
palatopharyngoplasty
Surgical resection of unnecessary palatal and oropharyngeal tissue in selected cases of snoring, with or without sleep apnea. SYN: uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. [ palato- + ...
palatopharyngorrhaphy
SYN: staphylopharyngorrhaphy. [ palato- + pharynx + G. rhaphe, suture]
palatoplasty
Surgery of the palate to restore form and function. SYN: staphyloplasty, uraniscoplasty, uranoplasty, uvulopalatoplasty. [ palato- + G. plasso, to form]
palatoplegia
Paralysis of the muscles of the soft palate. [ palato- + G. plege, stroke]
palatorrhaphy
Suture of a cleft palate. SYN: staphylorrhaphy, uraniscorrhaphy, uranorrhaphy, velosynthesis. [ palato- + G. rhaphe, suture]
palatoschisis
SYN: cleft palate. [ palato- + G. schisis, fissure]
palatum
SYN: palate. [L.] - p. durum [TA] SYN: hard palate (1). - p. fissum SYN: cleft palate. - p. molle [TA] SYN: soft palate. - p. osseum [TA] SYN: bony palate.
Pale globe
Also called the globus pallidus, this is a pale-appearing spherical area in the brain. Globus is a Latin word meaning a globe or sphere. Pallidus refers to its pallor relative ...
paleencephalon
L. Edinger term for the metameric nervous system. Excludes cerebral cortex. [paleo- + G. enkephalos, brain]
paleo-, pale-
Old, primitive, primary, early. [G. palaios, old, ancient]
paleocerebellum
Phylogenetic term referring to the portion of the cerebellum including most of the vermis and the adjacent zones of the cerebellar hemispheres rostral to the primary fissure; p. ...
paleocortex
The phylogenetically oldest part of the cortical mantle of the cerebral hemisphere, represented by the olfactory cortex.
paleokinetic
Denoting the primitive motor mechanisms underlying muscular reflexes and automatic, stereotyped movements. [paleo- + G. kinetikos, relating to movement]
paleopathology
The science of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts. [paleo- + pathology]
paleostriatal
Relating to the paleostriatum.
Paleostriatum
Also called the globus pallidus, this is a pale-appearing spherical area in the brain. Globus is a Latin word for globe and pallidus refers to its pallor. The globus ...
paleothalamus
The intralaminar nuclei, believed to have been the earliest components of the thalamus to evolve; they lack reciprocal connections with the isocortex.
Palfyn, Palfin
Jean, Belgian surgeon and anatomist, 1650–1730. See P. sinus.
palikinesia, palicinesia
Involuntary repetition of movements. [G. palin, again, + kinesis, movement]
palinal
Moving backward. [G. palin, backward]
Palindrome
In genetics, a palindrome is a DNA or RNA sequence that reads the same in both directions. The sites of many restriction enzymes that cut (restrict) DNA are palindromes. In ...
palindromia
A relapse or recurrence of a disease. [G. palindromos, a running back, + -ia, condition]
palindromic
Recurring.
palisade
In pathology, a row of elongated nuclei parallel to each other. [Fr. palissade, fr. L. palus, a pale, stake]
palladium
A metallic element resembling platinum, atomic no. 46, atomic wt. 106.42. [fr. the asteroid, Pallas; G. Pallas, goddess of wisdom]
pallanesthesia
Absence of pallesthesia. SYN: apallesthesia. [G. pallo, to quiver, + anaisthesia, insensibility]
pallesthesia
The appreciation of vibration, a form of pressure sense; most acute when a vibrating tuning fork is applied over a bony prominence. SYN: bone sensibility, pallesthetic ...
pallesthetic
Pertaining to pallesthesia.
pallial
Relating to the pallium.
Palliate
To palliate a disease is to treat it partially and insofar as possible but not cure it completely. Palliation cloaks a disease. Palliate has several senses, including: to reduce ...
Palliation
To palliate a disease is to treat it partially and insofar as possible, but not cure it completely. Palliation cloaks a disease. To take a case, a 91-year-old man was found to ...
palliative
Reducing the severity of; denoting the alleviation of symptoms without curing the underlying disease.
Palliative care
1) Medical or comfort care that reduces the severity of a disease or slows its progress rather than providing a cure. For incurable diseases, in cases where the cure is not ...
Palliative treatment
To palliate a disease is to treat it partially and insofar as possible, but not cure it completely. Palliation cloaks a disease. Also sometimes called symptomatic treatment. To ...
pallidal
Relating to the pallidum.
pallidectomy
Excision or destruction of the globus pallidus, usually by stereotaxy; a prefix may indicate the method used, e.g., chemopallidectomy (destruction by a chemical agent), ...
pallidoamygdalotomy
Production of lesions in the globus pallidus and amygdaloid nuclei. [ pallidum + amygdala (1) + G. tome, a cutting]
pallidoansotomy
Production of lesions in the globus pallidus and ansa lenticularis.
Pallidotomy
A surgical operation performed on the globus pallidus to destroy it. The purpose of this operation is to relieve involuntary movements or muscular rigidity, as, for example, in ...
Pallidum
1. Also called the globus pallidus, this is a pale-appearing spherical area in the brain. Globus is a Latin word meaning a globe or sphere. Pallidus refers to its pallor ...
Pallister-Killian syndrome
A condition with multiple malformations at birth and mental retardation due to isochromosome 12p mosaicism (an abnormal chromosome #12 in some cells).
pallium
SYN: cerebral cortex. [L. cloak]
pallor
Paleness, as of the skin. [L.] - cachectic p. SYN: achromasia (1).
palm
The flat of the hand; the flexor or anterior surface of the hand, exclusive of the thumb and fingers; the opposite of the dorsum of the hand. SYN: palma [TA]. [L. palma] - ...
palma
SYN: palm, palm. [L.] - p. manus palm of the hand. See palm.
Palmar
Pertaining to the palm (the grasping side) of the hand. The ancient Romans used the word " palma" for the outstretched palm of the hand. By comparison, the term " volar" applies ...
palmaris
SYN: palmar, palmar. [L.]
palmellin
A red coloring matter formed by an alga, Palmella cruenta.
Palmer
Walter L., U.S. physician, *1896. See P. acid test for peptic ulcer.
palmic
Beating; throbbing; relating to a palmus.
palmitaldehyde
Hexadecanal; the 16-carbon aldehyde analog of palmitic acid; a constituent of plasmalogens.
palmitate
A salt of palmitic acid.
palmitic acid
A common saturated fatty acid occurring in palm oil and olive oil as well as many other fats and waxes; the end product of mammalian fatty acid synthase. SYN: hexadecanoic ...
palmitin
The triglyceride of palmitic acid occurring in palm oil. SYN: tripalmitin.
palmitoleic acid
9-Hexadecenoic acid; a monounsaturated 16-carbon acid; one of the common constituents of the triacylglycerols of human adipose tissue. SYN: zoomaric acid.
palmityl alcohol
SYN: cetyl alcohol.
palmodic
Relating to palmus (1).
palmoscopy
Examination of the cardiac pulsation. [G. palmos, pulsation, + skopeo, to examine]
palmus
1. SYN: facial tic. 2. Rhythmic fibrillary contractions in a muscle. SEE ALSO: jumping disease. 3. The heart beat. [G. palmos, pulsation, quivering]
Palpable
Can be felt or touched. For example, with a bone fracture, the ends of the bone might be palpable below the skin. Or, if the spleen is enlarged, it may be palpable in the ...
Palpate
To examine by touch or feel. On the physical examination of a patient, the edge of an enlarged liver may often be palpated below the rib cage. Palpate comes from the Latin ...

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