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Слова на букву noem-pco (2629)

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palpation
1. Examination with the hands, feeling for organs, masses, or infiltration of a part of the body, feeling the heart or pulse beat, vibrations in the chest, etc. 2. Touching, ...
palpatopercussion
Examination by means of combined palpation and percussion.
Palpebra
Medical term for the eyelid. The plural is palpebrae. * * * SYN: eyelid. [L.] - p. III SYN: plica semilunaris of conjunctiva (2). - p. inferior [TA] SYN: inferior eyelid. - p. ...
palpebral
Relating to an eyelid or the eyelids.
Palpebral conjunctiva
The part of the conjunctiva, a clear membrane, that coats the inside of the eyelids. The palpebral conjunctiva is as opposed to the ocular (or bulbar) conjunctiva, the part of ...
Palpebral glands
Little glands in the eyelids (the palpebrae) that make a lubricant which they discharge through their tiny openings in the edges of the lids. The lubricant is a fatty substance ...
palpebralis
SYN: levator palpebrae superioris (muscle). [L.]
palpebrate
1. Having eyelids. 2. To wink. [L. palpebra, eyelid]
palpebration
Winking. [L. palpebratio]
palpitatio cordis
Palpitation of the heart.
palpitation
Forcible or irregular pulsation of the heart, perceptible to the patient, usually with an increase in frequency or force, with or without irregularity in rhythm. SYN: trepidatio ...
Palpitations
Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In some patients with palpitations, no heart disease or abnormal heart rhythms can be found. In others, ...
PALS
Abbreviation for periarterial lymphatic sheath.
Palsy
: Paralysis, generally partial, whereby a local body area is incapable of voluntary movement (motor function). For example, Bell’s palsy is localized paralysis of the muscles on ...
Palsy, Bell's
Paralysis of the facial nerve, the nerve that supplies the facial muscles on one side of the face. The cause of paralysis of the facial nerve (the 7th cranial nerve) is often ...
Palsy, laryngeal
Paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, a branch of the vagus nerve (a long and important nerve that originates in the brainstem and runs down to the colon). After the ...
Palsy, laryngeal nerve
Paralysis of the larynx (voice box) caused by damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve or its parent nerve, the vagus nerve, which originates in the brainstem and runs down to ...
paludal
Obsolete term for malarial. [L. palus, marsh]
PAM
Acronym for potential acuity meter.
pamaquine
An antimalarial agent, active against avian malaria and against the gametocytes of all malarial forms in humans; it is more toxic than chloroquine or primaquine and has been ...
pamoate
USAN-approved contraction for 4,4′-methylenebis(3-hydroxy-2-naphthoate).
pampiniform
Having the shape of a tendril; denoting a vinelike structure. [L. pampinus, a tendril, + forma, form]
pampinocele
SYN: varicocele. [L. pampinus, tendril, + G. kele, tumor]
Pan
Genus of anthropoid apes including the gorilla and chimpanzee. P. panisus and P. troglodytes are chimpanzee species used in biologic experiments. [G. myth. god of forest]
pan-
All, entire. SEE ALSO: pant-. [G. pas, all]
Panacea
A universal remedy, a cure-all. The word "panacea" comes from the name of Panaceia, the daughter of Asklepios, the Greek god of medicine (whose staff with entwined snake is ...
panagglutinable
Agglutinable with all types of human serum; denoting erythrocytes having this property.
panagglutinins
Agglutinins that react with all human erythrocytes. [pan + L. agglutino, to glue]
panangiitis
Inflammation involving all the coats of a blood vessel. [ pan- + angiitis]
panarteritis
An inflammatory disorder of the arteries characterized by involvement of all structural layers of the vessels. SYN: endoperiarteritis. [ pan- + L. arteria, artery, + G. -itis, ...
panarthritis
1. Inflammation involving all the tissues of a joint. 2. Inflammation of all the joints of the body.
panatrophy
1. Atrophy of all the parts of a structure. 2. General atrophy of the body. SYN: pantatrophia, pantatrophy.
panblastic
Relating to all the primary germ layers. [ pan- + G. blastos, germ]
panbronchiolitis
Idiopathic inflammation and obstruction of bronchioles, eventually accompanied by bronchiectasis; cases reported are almost all from Japan. SYN: diffuse p.. - diffuse p. SYN: p..
pancarditis
SYN: endoperimyocarditis.
Pancoast
Henry K., U.S. roentgenologist, 1875–1939. See P. syndrome, P. tumor.
pancolectomy
Extirpation of the entire colon.
Pancolitis
Ulcerative colitis that involves the entire colon (the large intestine). Ulcerative colitis itself is a relatively common disease involving inflammation of the large ...
pancreas
An elongated lobulated retroperitoneal gland, devoid of capsule, extending from the concavity of the duodenum to the spleen; it consists of a flattened head (caput) within the ...
Pancreas, annular
An abnormal ring of pancreatic tissue that encircles the duodenum and often causes intestinal obstruction. Nausea and vomiting are the usual symptoms and reflect the intestinal ...
Pancreas, artificial
A machine that constantly measures glucose (sugar) in the blood and, in response to an elevated level of glucose, releases an appropriate amount of insulin. In this respect, the ...
pancreat-, pancreatico-, pancreato-, pancreo-
The pancreas. [G. pankreas, pancreas]
pancreatalgia
Rarely used term for pain arising from the pancreas or felt in or near the region of the pancreas. [pancreat- + G. algos, pain]
Pancreatectomy
A procedure in which a surgeon takes out part or all of the pancreas (an organ behind the lower part of the stomach that is about the size of a hand). The pancreatectomy may be ...
pancreatemphraxis
Obstruction in the pancreatic duct, causing swelling of the gland. [pancreat- + G. emphraxis, a stoppage]
Pancreatic
Having to do with the pancreas, a spongy, tube-shaped organ about 6 inches long. It is located in the back of the abdomen, behind the stomach. The head of the pancreas is on the ...
Pancreatic insufficiency
Not enough of the digestive enzymes normally secreted by the pancreas into the intestine. Pancreatic insufficiency is a hallmark of cystic fibrosis. The pancreas is a spongy, ...
Pancreatic juices
: Fluids made by the pancreas that contain digestive enzymes. The pancreas is a spongy, tube-shaped organ about 6 inches long. It is located in the back of the abdomen, behind ...
pancreatico-
See pancreat-.
pancreaticoduodenal
Relating to the pancreas and the duodenum.
pancreaticoduodenectomy
SYN: pancreatoduodenectomy. - pylorus-preserving p. excision of all or part of the pancreas and the duodenum with preservation of the distal stomach and the innervated pylorus; ...
pancreatin
A mixture of the enzymes from the pancreas of the ox or hog, used internally as a digestive, and also as a peptonizing agent in preparing predigested foods; it contains the ...
pancreatitis
Inflammation of the pancreas. - acute hemorrhagic p. an acute inflammation of the pancreas accompanied by the formation of necrotic areas and hemorrhage into the substance of the ...
Pancreatitis, acute
Sudden inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas abruptly becomes inflamed and then gets better. Some people have more than one attack but recover fully after each one. The cause ...
pancreato-
See pancreat-.
pancreatocholecystostomy
A rarely performed surgical anastomosis between a pancreatic cyst or fistula and the gallbladder.
pancreatoduodenectomy
Excision of all or part of the pancreas together with the duodenum and usually the distal stomach. SYN: pancreaticoduodenectomy, Whipple operation.
pancreatoduodenostomy
Surgical anastomosis of a pancreatic duct, cyst, or fistula to the duodenum.
pancreatogastrostomy
Surgical anastomosis of a pancreatic cyst or fistula to the stomach.
pancreatogenic, pancreatogenous
Of pancreatic origin; formed in the pancreas. [ pancreato- + G. genesis, origin]
pancreatography
Radiographic demonstration of the pancreatic ducts, after retrograde injection of radiopaque material into the distal duct. [ pancreato- + G. grapho, to write]
pancreatojejunostomy
Surgical anastomosis of a pancreatic duct, cyst, or fistula to the jejunum.
pancreatolith
SYN: pancreatic calculus. [ pancreato- + G. lithos, stone]
pancreatolithectomy
SYN: pancreatolithotomy. [ pancreato- + G. lithos, stone, + ektome, excision]
pancreatolithiasis
Stones in the pancreas, usually found in the pancreatic duct system.
pancreatolithotomy
Removal of a pancreatic concretion. SYN: pancreatolithectomy. [ pancreato- + G. lithos, stone, + tome, incision]
pancreatolysis
Destruction of the pancreas. [ pancreato- + G. lysis, dissolution]
pancreatolytic
Denoting pancreatolysis.
pancreatomegaly
Abnormal enlargement of the pancreas. [ pancreato- + G. megas, great]
pancreatomy
SYN: pancreatotomy.
pancreatopathy
Any disease of the pancreas. SYN: pancreopathy. [ pancreato- + G. pathos, suffering]
pancreatopeptidase E
See elastase.
pancreatotomy
Incision of the pancreas. SYN: pancreatomy. [ pancreato- + G. tome, incision]
pancreatropic
Exerting an action on the pancreas. [pancreat- + G. tropikos, relating to a turning]
pancreectomy
SYN: pancreatectomy.
pancrelipase
A concentrate of pancreatic enzymes standardized for lipase content; a lipolytic used for substitution therapy. SYN: lipancreatin.
pancreo-
See pancreat-.
pancreolith
SYN: pancreatic calculus. [ pancreo- + G. lithos, stone]
pancreopathy
SYN: pancreatopathy.
pancreozymin
SYN: cholecystokinin.
pancuronium bromide
A nondepolarizing steroidal neuromuscular blocking agent resembling curare but without its potential for ganglionic blockade, histamine release, or hypotension.
Pancytopenia
A shortage of all types of blood cells, including red and white blood cells as well as platelets. * * * Pronounced reduction in the number of erythrocytes, all types of white ...
Pancytopenia, Fanconi
A genetic (inherited) disease that adversely affects all of the bone marrow elements and is closely associated with malformations of the heart, kidney and limbs (arms and legs) as ...
Pandemic
An epidemic (a sudden outbreak) that becomes very widespread and affects a whole region, a continent, or the world. By contrast: {{}}An epidemic affects more than the expected ...
pandemicity
The state or condition of being pandemic.
Pandiculation
One of the more wondrous medical words, pandiculation is the act of stretching and yawning. (If in a public place, you might consider demonstrating the versatility of your ...
Pandy
Kalman, Hungarian neurologist, 1868–1945. See P. test, P. reaction.
panencephalitis
A diffuse inflammation of the brain. - nodular p. probably a form of subacute sclerosing p.. SYN: Pette- Döring disease. - subacute sclerosing p. ( SSPE) a rare chronic, ...
Panencephalitis, subacute sclerosing (SSPE)
A chronic brain disease of children and adolescents that occurs months to often years after an attack of measles, causing convulsions, motor abnormalities, mental retardation ...
panendoscope
An illuminated instrument for inspection of the interior of the urethra as well as the bladder by means of a telescopic lens system. [ pan- + G. endon, within, + skopeo, to view] ...
panesthesia
The sum of all the sensations experienced by a person at one time. SEE ALSO: cenesthesia. [ pan- + G. aisthesis, sensation]
Paneth
Josef, Austrian physician, 1857–1890. See P. granular cells, under cell.
pang
A sudden sharp, brief pain. - breast p. SYN: angina pectoris.
panhidrosis
SYN: panidrosis.
panhydrometer
A hydrometer for determining the specific gravity of any liquid. [ pan- + G. hydor, water, + metron, measure]
panhyperemia
Universal congestion or hyperemia. [ pan- + G. hyper, over, + haima, blood]
panhypopituitarism
A state in which the secretion of all anterior pituitary hormones is inadequate or absent; caused by a variety of disorders that result in destruction or loss of function of all ...
panic
Extreme and unreasoning anxiety and fear, often accompanied by disturbed breathing, increased heart activity, vasomotor changes, sweating, and a feeling of dread. See anxiety. ...
Panic disorder
An anxiety disorder characterized by sudden attacks of fear and panic. Panic attacks may occur without a known reason, but more frequently they are triggered by fear- producing ...
panidrosis
Sweating of the entire surface of the body. SYN: panhidrosis. [ pan- + G. hidros, sweat]
panimmunity
A general immunity to many infectious diseases.
panmixis
SYN: random mating. [ pan- + G. mixis, intercourse]
panmyelophthisis
SYN: myelophthisis (2).
panmyelosis
Myeloid metaplasia with abnormal immature blood cells in the spleen and liver, associated with myelofibrosis. [ pan- + G. myelos, marrow, + -osis, condition]
Panner
H.J., Danish radiologist, 1871–1930. See P. disease.
panni
Plural of pannus.
panniculectomy
Surgical excision of redundant paniculus adiposus, usually of the abdomen. [ panniculus + G. ektome, a cutting out]
panniculitis
Inflammation of subcutaneous adipose tissue. [ panniculus + G. -itis, inflammation] - α1-antitrypsin deficiency p. multiple painful subcutaneous nodules occurring in patients ...
panniculus
SYN: layer. [L. dim. of pannus, cloth] - p. adiposus [TA] SYN: fatty layer of subcutaneous tissue. - p. adiposus telae subcutaneae abdominis [TA] SYN: fatty layer of subcutaneous ...
panning
Use of plastic plates or surfaces coated with either antigen or antibody to separate or concentrate specific cells with appropriate receptors.
pannus
A membrane of granulation tissue covering a normal surface : 1. The inflammatory synovial tissue found in rheumatoid joints that covers the articular cartilages that ...
panophthalmitis
Purulent inflammation of all layers of the eye. [ pan- + G. ophthalmos, eye]
panoptic
All-revealing, denoting the effect of multiple or differential staining. [ pan- + G. optikos, relating to vision]
panosteitis
Inflammation of an entire bone.
panotitis
General inflammation of all parts of the ear; specifically, a disease that begins as an otitis interna, the inflammation subsequently extending to the middle ear and neighboring ...
panphobia
Fear of everything. [ pan- + G. phobos, fear]
Pansch
Adolf, German anatomist, 1841–1887. See P. fissure.
pansclerosis
Universal sclerosis of an organ or part.
pansinuitis
SYN: pansinusitis.
pansinusitis
Inflammation of all the accessory sinuses of the nose on one or both sides. SYN: pansinuitis.
panspermia, panspermatism
The hypothetical doctrine of the omnipresence of minute forms and spores of animal and vegetable life, thus accounting for apparent spontaneous generation. [ pan- + G. sperma, ...
pansporoblast
The reproductive sporoblast that gives rise to more than one spore in the order Myxosporida (class Myxosporea, phylum Myxozoa). [ pan- + G. sporos, seed, + blastos, germ]
pansporoblastic
Referring to a pansporoblast.
pansystolic
Lasting throughout systole, extending from first to second heart sound. SYN: holosystolic.
pant
To breathe rapidly and shallowly. [Fr. panteler, to gasp]
pant-, panto-
Entire. SEE ALSO: pan-. [G. pas, all]
pantalgia
Pain involving the entire body. [pant- + G. algos, pain]
pantamorphia
Shapelessness; general or overall malformation. [pant- + G. a- priv. + morphe, shape]
pantamorphic
Relating to or characterized by pantamorphia.
pantanencephaly, pantanencephalia
Congenital absence of the brain. [pant- + G. an- priv. + enkephalos, brain]
pantaphobia
Absolute fearlessness. [pant- + G. a- priv. + phobos, fear]
pantatrophia, pantatrophy
SYN: panatrophy. [pant- + atrophy]
pantetheine
The condensation product of pantothenic acid and aminoethanethiol; N-pantothenyl-2-aminoethanethiol; an intermediate in biosynthesis of coenzyme A via 4′-phosphopantetheine ...
pantethine
The disulfide formed from two pantetheines.
panthenol
SYN: dexpanthenol.
panto-
See pant-.
pantoate
A salt or ester of pantoic acid.
pantograph
1. An instrument for reproducing drawings by a system of levers whereby a recording pencil is made to follow the movements of a stylet passing along the lines of the original. 2. ...
pantoic acid
A coenzyme A precursor, the β-alanine amide of which is pantothenic acid.
pantomogram
A panoramic radiographic record of the maxillary and mandibular dental arches and their associated structures, obtained by a pantomograph. [ pan- + tomogram]
pantomograph
A panoramic radiographic instrument that permits visualization of the entire dentition, alveolar bone, and contiguous structures on a single extraoral film.
pantomography
A method of radiography by which a radiograph ( pantomogram) of the maxillary and mandibular dental arches and their contiguous structures may be obtained on a single film.
pantomorphia
1. The condition of an organism, such as an ameba, that is capable of assuming all shapes. 2. Perfect shapeliness or symmetry. [ panto- + G. morphe, shape]
pantomorphic
Capable of assuming all shapes.
pantonine
An amino acid identified in Escherichia coli that may be an intermediate in the biosynthesis of pantothenic acid by that organism, containing NH2 in place of the α-OH group of ...
pantoscopic
Designed for observing objects at all distances; denoting bifocal lenses. [ panto- + G. skopeo, to view]
pantothenate
A salt or ester of pantothenic acid. - p. synthetase an enzyme that converts pantoate and β-alanine to p. with cleavage of ATP to AMP and pyrophosphate; a key step in ...
Pantothenic acid
Pantothenic acid is vitamin B5, one of the less well known B vitamins, perhaps because it is widely distributed in nature. Pantothenic acid is virtually ubiquitous. It is present ...
pantothenyl
The acyl radical of pantothenic acid. - p. alcohol SYN: dexpanthenol.
pantoyl
The acyl radical of pantoic acid.
pantoyltaurine
Pantothenic acid in which the carboxyl group is replaced by a sulfonic acid group; analogous to pantothenic acid in structure, except that taurine replaces β-alanine in the ...
Panum
Peter L., Danish physiologist, 1820–1885. See P. area.
panzerherz
SYN: armored heart. [Ger. P.]
PAP
Acronym for peroxidase antiperoxidase complex. Abbreviation for 3′-phosphoadenosine 5′-phosphate. See P. technique.
pap
A food of soft consistency, like that of breadcrumbs soaked in milk or water.
Pap test
A screening test for cervical cancer based on the examination under the microscope of cells collected from the cervix, smeared on a slide and specially stained to reveal ...
Pap test, ThinPrep
A modified Pap test technique designed to reduce some of the technical problems inherent in the traditional type of Pap smear. In the traditional Pap test, cell samples are ...
papain, papainase
A cysteine endopeptidase, or a crude extract containing it, obtained from papaya latex. It has esterase, thiolase, transamidase, and transesterase activities, and is used as ...
Papanicolaou
George N., Greek-U.S. physician, anatomist, and cytologist, 1883–1962. See Pap smear, Pap test, P. examination, P. smear, P. smear test, P. stain.
Papaver
A genus of plants, one species of which, P. somniferum (family Papaveraceae), furnishes opium. SYN: poppy. [L. poppy]
papaveretum
A preparation of water soluble opium alkaloids, including 50% anhydrous morphine. [L. papaver, poppy]
papaverine
A benzylisoquinoline alkaloid of opium that is not a narcotic but has mild analgesic action and is a powerful spasmolytic; does not evoke tolerance and has no addiction ...
papaw
See papaya.
papaya
The fruit of the papaw (pawpaw), Carica p. (family Caricaceae), a tree of tropical America; it possesses a proteolytic action and is the source of papain. SYN: carica. [Sp.]
papayotin
SYN: papain.
paper
1. A substance manufactured in thin sheets from wood, rags, or other materials. 2. A square of p. folded over so as to form an envelope containing a dose of any medicinal ...
Papez
James W., U.S. anatomist, 1883–1958. See P. circuit.
papilla
Any small, nipplelike process. SYN: teat (3). [L. a nipple, dim. of papula, a pimple] - acoustic p. SYN: spiral organ. - basilar p. the auditory sense organ of birds, ...
Papilla of Vater
A small muscle located at the junction where of the common bile duct (from the liver and pancreas) empties into the duodenum (the upper part of the small intestine). Bile from the ...
Papilla, cancer of
Cancer of a structure called the papilla or ampulla of Vater, a small muscle located at the junction where the common bile duct (carrying bile from the liver and secretions from ...
Papilla, fungiform
The fungiform papillae are broad flat structures that house taste buds in the central portion of the dorsum (back) of the tongue. These papillae were thought to resemble a ...
Papillary muscle
Small muscles within the heart that anchor the heart valves. The anchor ropes are the chordae tendineae, thread-like bands of fibrous tissue that attach on one end to the edges ...
Papillary tumor
: A tumor shaped like a small mushroom with its stem attached to the inner lining of the bladder.
papillary, papillate
Relating to, resembling, or provided with papillae.
papillectomy
Surgical removal of any papilla. [papilla + G. ektome, excision]
Papilledema
: Swelling around the optic nerve, usually due to pressure on the nerve by a tumor. * * * Edema of the optic disk, often due to increased intracranial pressure. SYN: choked ...
papilliferous
Provided with papillae. [papilla + L. fero, to bear]
papilliform
Resembling or shaped like a papilla.
papillitis
1. Optic neuritis with swelling of the optic disk. 2. Inflammation of the renal papilla. [papilla + G. -itis, inflammation] - foliate p. inflamed vestigial foliate papillae ...
papillo-
A papilla, papillary. [L. papilla]
papilloadenocystoma
A benign epithelial neoplasm characterized by glands or glandlike structures, formation of cysts, and fingerlike projections of neoplastic cells covering a core of fibrous ...
papillocarcinoma
A carcinoma that is characterized by papillary, fingerlike projections of neoplastic cells in association with cores of fibrous stroma as a supporting structure. [papilla + G. ...
Papilloma
A benign tumor that projects above the surface of the tissue from which it arises. Papillomas have clearcut borders and are usually small and fairly round. * * * A circumscribed, ...
Papilloma, cutaneous
A small tag of skin that may have a stalk (a peduncle). Cutaneous papillomas may appear on the skin almost anywhere although the favorite locales are the eyelids, neck, armpits ...
Papillomatosis
A disorder with numerous papillomas wart growths). For example, laryngeal papillomatosis is the presence of multiple papillomas on the vocal cords. It is most common in young ...
Papillomatosis, juvenile laryngeal
Juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis involves the growth of numerous warty growths on the vocal cords in children and young adults. A baby can contract juvenile laryngeal ...
Papillomatosis, laryngeal
Laryngeal papillomatosis is the growth of numerous warty growths on the vocal cords. The disease is most common in young children. Laryngeal papillomatosis can be due to the ...
Papillomatosis, recurrent respiratory
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis involves the growth of numerous warty growths in the larynx on the vocal cords in children and young adults. A baby can contract recurrent ...
papillomatous
Relating to a papilloma.
Papillomavirus
A genus of viruses (family Papovaviridae) containing double-stranded circular DNA (MW 5 × 106), having virions about 55 nm in diameter, and including the papilloma and wart ...
Papillomavirus, human (HPV)
A family of over 60 viruses responsible for causing warts. Most types of HPV produce warts on the hands, fingers, and even the face. Thus, the majority of these viruses are ...
Papillon
M.M., 20th century French dermatologist. See P.- Lefèvre syndrome.
Papillon-Léage
E., 20th century French dentist. See Papillon-Léage and Psaume syndrome.
papilloretinitis
SYN: neuroretinitis.
papillotomy
An incision into a papilla; usually in reference to the major duodenal papilla. [papilla + G. tome, incision]
papillula
A small papilla. [Mod. L. dim. of L. papilla]
Papovaviridae
A family of small, antigenically distinct viruses that replicate in nuclei of infected cells; most have oncogenic properties. Virions are 45–55 nm in diameter, nonenveloped, ...
papovavirus
An old name for any virus of the family Papovaviridae.
PAPP
Abbreviation for p-aminopropiophenone.
Pappenheim
Artur, German physician, 1870–1916. See P. stain, Unna-P. stain.
Pappenheimer
A.M., U.S. pathologist, 1878–1955. His work in experimental pathology was extensive and included studies of the thymus, identification of the role of lice transmission in ...
pappus
The first downy growth of beard. [G. pappos, down]
PAPS
Abbreviation for adenosine 3′-phosphate 5′-phosphosulfate; 3′-phosphoadenosine 5′-phosphosulfate.
Papular
Adjective referring to one or more small solid rounded bumps rising from the skin that are each usually 0.5 cm or less in diameter (less than a half inch across). Papules may ...
Papule
A small solid rounded bump rising from the skin that is usually less than 1 centimeter in diameter (less than 3/8 inch across). Papules may open when scratched and become crusty ...
Papules
Small solid rounded bumps rising from the skin that are each usually less than 1 centimeter in diameter (less than 3/8 inch across). Papules may open when scratched and become ...
papulo-
Papule. [L. papula, papule]
papuloerythematous
Denoting an eruption of papules on an erythematous surface.
papulopustular
Denoting an eruption composed of papules and pustules.
papulopustule
A small semisolid skin elevation that rapidly evolves into a pustule.
papulosis
The occurrence of numerous widespread papules. - bowenoid p. a clinically benign form of intraepithelial neoplasia that microscopically resembles Bowen disease or carcinoma ...
papulosquamous
Denoting an eruption composed of both papules and scales. [ papulo- + L. squamosus, scaly (squamous)]
papulovesicle
A small skin elevation that evolves into a blister.
papulovesicular
Denoting an eruption composed of papules and vesicles.
PAPVR
Abbreviation for partial anomalous pulmonary venous return. See anomalous pulmonary venous connections, total or partial, under connection.
papyraceous
Like parchment or paper. [L. papyraceus, made of papyrus]
par
A pair; specifically a pair of cranial nerves, e.g., p. nonum, ninth pair, glossopharyngeal; p. vagum, the vagus or tenth pair. [L. equal]
Para
Any woman who has given birth once or more is termed a "para." Note that, for a pregnancy to count as a "birth", it must go to at least 20 weeks' gestation (the mid-point of a ...
para-
1. Prefix denoting a departure from the normal. 2. Prefix denoting involvement of two like parts or a pair. 3. Prefix denoting adjacent, alongside, near, etc. 4. (p-) In ...
Para- (prefix)
A prefix with many meanings, including: alongside of, beside, near, resembling, beyond, apart from, and abnormal. For example, the parathyroid glands are called "para-thyroid" ...
para-actinomycosis
Chronic infection, usually pulmonary, resembling actinomycosis; ordinarily caused by nocardiosis. SYN: pseudoactinomycosis.
para-appendicitis
SYN: periappendicitis.
Para-esophageal hiatal hernia
Hiatal hernias are categorized as being either para-esophageal or sliding. Para-esophageal hernias are hernias in which the gastro- esophageal junction stays where it belongs ...
paraaminobenzoic acid
SYN: p-aminobenzoic acid.
parabanic acid
SYN: oxalylurea.
parabiosis
1. Fusion of whole eggs or embryos, as occurs in some forms of conjoined twins. 2. Surgical joining of the vascular systems of two organisms. [para- + G. biosis, life]
parabiotic
Relating to, or characterized by, parabiosis.
parabulia
Perversion of volition or will in which one impulse is checked and replaced by another. [para- + G. boule, will]
paracanthoma
A neoplasm arising from abnormal hyperplasia of the prickle cell layer of the skin. [para- + G. akantha, a thorn, + -oma, tumor]
paracanthosis
1. The development of paracanthomas. 2. A division of tumors that includes the cutaneous epitheliomas.
paracarmine
See p. stain.
paracasein
The compound produced by the action of rennin upon κ-casein (which liberates a glycoprotein), and that precipitates with calcium ion as the insoluble curd.
Paracelsus
Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, Swiss physician, 1493–1541. See paracelsian method.
paracenesthesia
Deterioration in one's sense of bodily well-being, i.e., of the normal functioning of one's organs. [para- + G. koinos, common, + aisthesis, feeling]
Paracentesis
The removal of fluid from a body cavity using a needle, trocar, cannula, or other hollow instrument. A paracentesis may be diagnostic or therapeutic as, for example, in ascites ...
paracentetic
Relating to paracentesis.
paracentral
Close to or beside the center or some structure designated “central.”
Paracentric chromosome inversion
A basic type of chromosome rearrangement. A segment that does not include the centromere (and so is paracentric) has been snipped out of a chromosome, turned through 180 degrees ...
paracervical
Connective tissue adjacent to the uterine cervix.
paracervix
The connective tissue of the pelvic floor extending from the fibrous subserous coat of the cervix of the uterus laterally between the layers of the broad ligament.
paracetaldehyde
SYN: paraldehyde.
paracetamol
SYN: acetaminophen.
parachlorophenol
A disinfectant effective against most Gram-negative organisms; also available as camphorated p.. SYN: p-chlorophenol.
paracholera
A disease clinically resembling Asiatic cholera but due to a vibrio specifically different from Vibrio cholerae.
parachordal
Alongside the anterior portion of the notochord in the embryo; designating the bilateral cartilaginous bars that enter into the formation of the base of the skull. [para- + G. ...
parachroma
Abnormal coloration of the skin. [para- + G. chroma, color]
parachymosin
An enzyme resembling chymosin.
paracinesia, paracinesis
SYN: parakinesia.
paracmasis
SYN: paracme.
paracmastic
Relating to the paracme.
paracme
1. The stage of subsidence of a fever. 2. The period of life beyond the prime; the decline or stage of involution of an organism. SYN: paracmasis. [G. the point at which the ...
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
A dimorphic fungus that causes paracoccidioidomycosis. In tissues and on enriched culture medium at 37°C, it grows as large spherical or oval cells that bear single or several ...
paracoccidioidin
A filtrate antigen prepared from the filamentous form of the pathogenic fungus, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis; used for demonstrating delayed type dermal hypersensitivity in ...
paracoccidioidomycosis
A chronic mycosis characterized by primary pulmonary lesions with dissemination to many visceral organs, conspicuous ulcerative granulomas of the buccal and nasal mucosa with ...
paracolitis
Inflammation of the peritoneal coat of the colon.
paracolpitis
SYN: paravaginitis. [para- + G. kolpos, vagina, + -itis, inflammation]
paracolpium
The tissues alongside the vagina. [para- + G. kolpos, vagina]
paracone
The mesiobuccal cusp of an upper molar tooth. [para- + G. konos, cone]
paraconid
The mesiobuccal cusp of a lower molar tooth.
paracortex
The area of a lymph node between the subcapsular cortex and the medullary cords; it contains mostly the long-lived lymphocytes derived from the thymus. SYN: deep cortex, ...
paracousis
SYN: paracusis.
paracrine
Relating to a kind of hormone function in which the effects of the hormone are restricted to the local environment. Cf.:endocrine. [para- + G. krino, to separate]
paracusis, paracusia
1. Impaired hearing. 2. Auditory illusions or hallucinations. SYN: paracousis. [para- + G. akousis, hearing] - false p. the apparent increase in hearing of a person with a ...
paracyesis
SYN: ectopic pregnancy. [para- + G. kyesis, pregnancy]
paracystic
Alongside or near a bladder, specifically the urinary bladder. SYN: paravesical. [para- + G. kystis, bladder]

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