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paracystitis
Inflammation of the connective tissue and other structures about the urinary bladder. [para- + G. kystis, bladder, + -itis, inflammation]
paracystium
The tissues adjacent to the urinary bladder. [para- + G. kystis, bladder]
paracytic
1. Relating to cells other than those normal to the part where they are found. 2. Between or among, but independent of, cells. [para- + G. kytos, cell]
paradenitis
Inflammation of the tissues adjacent to a gland. [para- + G. aden, gland, + -itis, inflammation]
paradental
SYN: periodontal.
paradentium
SYN: periodontium.
paradidymal
1. Relating to the paradidymis. 2. Alongside the testis.
paradidymis
A small body sometimes attached to the front of the lower part of the spermatic cord above the head of the epididymis; the remnants of tubules of the mesonephros. Its ...
paradipsia
A perverted appetite for fluids, ingested without relation to bodily need. [para- + G. dipsa, thirst]
paradox
That which is apparently, though not actually, inconsistent with or opposed to the known facts in any case. [G. paradoxos, incredible, beyond belief, fr. doxa, belief] - Weber p. ...
Paradoxical embolism
Passage of a clot (thrombus) from a vein to an artery. When clots in veins break off (embolize) , they travel first to the right side of the heart and, normally, then to the lungs ...
paraesthesia
SYN: paresthesia.
paraffin
1. One of the methane series of acyclic hydrocarbons. 2. SYN: hard p.. [L. parum, little, + affinis, neighboring, akin, so called because of its slight tendency to chemical ...
Paraffin dip
A treatment for the symptoms of joint and muscle conditions, such as arthritis, that consists of melted mineral wax derived from petroleum applied to a body area. Paraffin dips ...
paraffinoma
A tumefaction, usually a granuloma, caused by the prosthetic or therapeutic injection of paraffin into the tissues; sometimes used with reference to similar lesions resulting ...
Parafilaria multipapillosa
A common filarial parasite that causes dermatorrhagia parasitica.
paraflagella
Plural of paraflagellum.
paraflagellate
1. Having one or more paraflagella. 2. SYN: paramastigote.
paraflagellum
A minute accessory flagellum sometimes present in addition to the ordinary flagellum of certain protozoans.
paraflocculus ventralis
SYN: ventral paraflocculus.
parafollicular
Associated spatially with a follicle.
paraformaldehyde
A polymer of formaldehyde, used as a disinfectant. SYN: trioxymethylene.
parafuchsin
SYN: pararosanilin.
paragammacism
Substitution of another letter sound for the g sound. SEE ALSO: gammacism. [para- + G. gamma, the letter g]
paraganglia
Plural of paraganglion.
paraganglioma
A neoplasm usually derived from the chromoreceptor tissue of a paraganglion, such as the carotid body, or the medulla of the adrenal gland; the latter is usually termed a ...
paraganglion
A small, roundish body containing chromaffin cells; a number of such bodies may be found retroperitoneally near the aorta and in organs such as the kidney, liver, heart, and ...
paragene
SYN: plasmid.
paragenital
Alongside the gonads.
parageusia
SYN: dysgeusia. [para- + G. geusis, taste]
parageusic
Relating to parageusia.
paragnathus
1. A developmental defect resulting in an individual with an accessory lower jaw. 2. A parasitic fetus attached to the jaw of the autosite. [para- + G. gnathos, jaw]
paragnomen
An unexpected reaction. [para- + G. gnomen, gnome, judgment]
paragonimiasis
Infection with a worm of the genus Paragonimus, especially P. westermani. SYN: pulmonary distomiasis.
Paragonimus
A genus of lung flukes, parasitic in humans and a wide variety of mammals, that feed upon crustacea carrying the metacercariae. [para- + G. gonimos, with generative power] - P. ...
paragonorrheal
Indirectly related to or consequent to gonorrhea.
paragrammatism
SYN: paraphasia.
paragraphia
1. Loss of the power of writing from dictation, although the words are heard and comprehended. 2. Writing one word when another is intended. [para- + G. grapho, to write]
parahepatic
Adjacent to the liver.
parahidrosis
SYN: paridrosis.
parahormone
A substance, product of ordinary metabolism, not produced for a specific purpose, that acts like a hormone in modifying the activity of some distant organ; e.g., the action of ...
parahypophysis
A small mass of pituitary tissue, or tissue resembling in structure the anterior lobe of the hypophysis, occasionally found in the dura mater lining of the sella turcica.
Parainfectious
Occurring at the time of and in association with an acute infection or an episode of infection. For example, transverse myelitis (a disorder of the spinal cord) can occur ...
parakappacism
Substitution of another letter sound for that of k. SEE ALSO: kappacism. [para- + G. kappa, the letter k]
parakeratosis
Retention of nuclei in the cells of the stratum corneum of the epidermis, observed in many scaling dermatoses such as psoriasis and subacute or chronic dermatitis. - p. ...
parakinesia, parakinesis
Any motor abnormality. SYN: paracinesia, paracinesis. [para- + G. kinesis, movement]
paralalia
Any speech defect; especially one in which one letter is habitually substituted for another. [para- + G. lalia, talking] - p. literalis SYN: stammering.
paralambdacism
Mispronunciation of the letter l, or the substitution of some other letter for it. SEE ALSO: lambdacism. [para- + G. lambda, letter l]
paraldehyde
(CH3CHO)3; a cyclic polymer of acetaldehyde; a potent hypnotic sedative, and anticonvulsant suitable for oral, rectal, intravenous, and intramuscular administration; its ...
paraleprosis
Presence of certain trophic or nerve changes suggesting an attenuated form of leprosy in regions where the disease has long prevailed.
paralepsy
1. A rarely used term for a temporary attack of mental inertia and hopelessness. 2. A sudden alteration in mood or emotional tension. [G. para- + lepsis, seizure]
paralexia
Misapprehension of written or printed words, other meaningless words being substituted for them in reading. [para- + G. lexis, speech]
paralgesia
Painful paresthesia; any disorder or abnormality of the sense of pain. [para- + G. algesis, the sense of pain]
paralgia
Abnormal or unusual pain. [para- + G. algos, pain]
paralipophobia
Morbid fear of neglect of duty. [G. paraleipo, to omit, pass over, + phobos, fear]
parallactic
Relating to a parallax.
parallax
1. The apparent displacement of an object that follows a change in the position from which it is viewed. 2. See phi phenomenon. [G. alternately, fr. par-allasso, to make ...
parallelism
1. The state of being structurally parallel. 2. In psychology, the mind-body doctrine that for every conscious process there is a corresponding or parallel organic process, ...
parallelometer
An apparatus used for paralleling the attachments and abutments for fixed or removable partial dentures.
parallergic
Denoting an allergic state in which the body becomes predisposed to nonspecific stimuli following original sensitization with a specific allergen.
paralogia, paralogism, paralogy
False reasoning, involving self-deception. [G. p., a fallacy, fr. para, beside, + logos, reason] - thematic p. false reasoning in relation chiefly to one theme or subject, upon ...
Paralysis
: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one muscle or limb is partial paralysis, also known as palsy; paralysis of all muscles is total ...
Paralysis, facial nerve
Loss of voluntary movement of the muscles on one side of the face due to abnormal function of the facial nerve (the 7th cranial nerve) which supplies those muscles. Facial nerve ...
Paralysis, infantile (polio)
Infantile paralysis is an old synonym for poliomyelitis, an acute and sometimes devastating viral disease. Man is the only natural host for poliovirus. The virus enters the ...
Paralysis, laryngeal nerve
Paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, a branch of the vagus nerve (a long and important nerve that originates in the brainstem and runs down to the colon). After the ...
Paralysis, sleep
A frightening form of paralysis that occurs when a person suddenly finds himself or herself unable to move for a few minutes, most often upon falling asleep or waking up. Sleep ...
Paralysis, stomach
Formally called gastroparesis, this is a medical condition in which the muscle of the stomach is paralyzed by a disease of either the stomach muscle itself or the nerves ...
Paralysis, vocal cord
Inability of one or both vocal folds (vocal cords) to move. The paralysis is usually due to damage to the nerves going to the vocal cords or due to damage to the brain itself. In ...
paralyssa
A paralytic form of rabies caused by the bite of the vampire bat (Desmodus). [paralysis + G. lyssa, madness (rabies)]
paralytic
Relating to paralysis or suffering from paralysis.
Paralytic ileus
Paralysis of the intestine. To be termed " paralytic ileus," the intestinal paralysis need not be complete, but it must be sufficient to prohibit the passage of food through the ...
paralyze
To render incapable of movement.
paramagnetic
Having the property of paramagnetism; in magnetic resonance imaging, contrast media are chosen for their p. property, which shortens relaxation time.
paramagnetism
The property of having a strong magnetic moment from one or more unpaired electrons, causing orientation in a magnetic field; most significant in imaging are ions of certain ...
paramastigote
A mastigote having two flagella, one long and one short. SYN: paraflagellate (2). [para- + G. mastix, whip]
paramastoid
Near the mastoid process.
Paramecium
An abundant genus of freshwater holotrichous ciliates, characteristically slipper-shaped and often large enough to be visible to the naked eye; commonly used for genetic and ...
paramedian
Near the middle line. SYN: paramesial.
paramedic
A person trained and certified to provide emergency medical care.
paramedical
1. Related to the medical profession in an adjunctive capacity, e.g., denoting allied health fields such as physical therapy, speech pathology, etc. 2. Relating to a paramedic. ...
paramenia
Any disorder or irregularity of menstruation. [para- + G. men, month]
paramesial
SYN: paramedian.
paramesonephric
Close to or alongside the embryonic mesonephros. See p. duct.
parameter
One of many dimensions or ways of measuring or describing an object or evaluating a subject : 1. In a mathematical expression, an arbitrary constant that can possess different ...
paramethadione
An anticonvulsant used in petit mal epilepsy.
paramethasone
A glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory effects and toxicity similar to those of prednisone. - p. acetate acetic ester of p. at C-21; a glucocorticoid useful in the treatment of ...
parametrial
Pertaining to the parametrium.
parametric
Relating to the parametrium, or structures immediately adjacent to the uterus.
parametritic
Relating to parametritis.
parametritis
Inflammation of the tissue adjacent to the uterus, particularly in the broad ligament. SYN: pelvic cellulitis. [ parametrium + G. -itis, inflammation]
parametrium
The connective tissue of the pelvic floor extending from the fibrous subserous coat of the supracervical portion of the uterus laterally between the layers of the broad ligament. ...
paramimia
The use of gestures unsuited to the words that they accompany. [para- + G. mimia, imitation]
paramnesia
False recollection, as of events that have never occurred or partial forgetting of events that have occurred. [para- + G. amnesia, forgetfulness]
Paramoeba
Former name for Entamoeba.
paramolar
A supernumerary tooth lying among, lingual, or buccal to the maxillary or mandibular molars.
paramorphine
SYN: thebaine.
Paramphistomatidae
A family of parasitic trematodes characterized by large fleshy bodies with a large posterior sucker; included are the genera Paramphistomum, Gastrodiscoides, and Watsonius.
paramphistomiasis
Infection of animals and humans with trematodes of the family Paramphistomatidae; human disease is caused by Gastrodiscoides hominis in Asia and Watsonius watsoni in Africa.
Paramphistomum
The rumen fluke, a genus of digenetic trematodes (family Paramphistomatidae) parasitic in the rumen or paunch of cattle; species include P. microbothrioides, P. cervi, and P. ...
paramusia
Loss of the ability to read or to render music correctly. [para- + G. mousa, music, + -ia]
paramyloidosis
1. Deposition in tissues of an amyloid-like protein resembling light chains of immunoglobulins in primary amyloidosis or (particularly) in atypical amyloidosis of multiple ...
paramyoclonus multiplex
SYN: myoclonus multiplex. [para- + G. mys, muscle, + klonos, a tumult]
paramyotonia
An atypical form of myotonia. SYN: paramyotonus. - ataxic p. a disorder characterized by a tonic muscular spasm on attempted movement, associated with slight paresis and ...
paramyotonus
SYN: paramyotonia.
Paramyxoviridae
A family of RNA-containing viruses about twice the size of the influenza viruses ( Orthomyxoviridae) but similar to them in morphology. Virions are 150–300 nm in diameter, ...
Paramyxovirus
A genus of viruses (family Paramyxoviridae) that includes parainfluenza viruses (types 1 and 3).
paranalgesia
Analgesia of the lower half of the body. [para- + analgesia]
paranasal
Alongside the nose.
paraneoplasia
Hormonal, neurologic, hematologic, and other clinical and biochemical disturbances associated with malignant neoplasms but not directly related to invasion by the primary tumor ...
paraneoplastic
Relating to or characteristic of paraneoplasia.
Paraneoplastic syndrome
: A group of signs and symptoms caused by a substance produced by a tumor or in reaction to a tumor. Paraneoplastic syndromes can be due to a number of causes including hormones ...
paranephric
1. Relating to the paranephros. 2. SYN: pararenal.
paranephros
SYN: suprarenal gland. [para- + G. nephros, kidney]
paranesthesia
Anesthesia of the lower half of the body. [para- + anesthesia]
paraneurone
A gland or aggregate of cells containing neurosecretory granules. SYN: neuroendocrine cell (2).
parangi
A disease similar to yaws, occurring in Sri Lanka.
paranoia
A severe but relatively rare mental disorder characterized by the presence of systematized delusions, often of a persecutory character involving being followed, poisoned, or ...
paranoiac
1. Relating to or affected with paranoia. 2. One who is suffering from paranoia.
paranoid
1. Relating to or characterized by paranoia. 2. Having delusions of persecution.
paranomia
A form of aphasia in which objects are called by the wrong names. [para- + G. onoma, name]
paranuclear
1. SYN: paranucleate. 2. Outside, but near the nucleus.
paranucleate
Relating to or having a paranucleus. SYN: paranuclear (1).
paranucleolus
See sex chromatin.
paranucleus
An accessory nucleus or small mass of chromatin lying outside, though near, the nucleus.
Paranychia
A frequent misspelling of Paronychia.
paraomphalic
SYN: paraumbilical. [para- + G. omphalos, umbilicus]
paraoperative
SYN: perioperative.
paraoral
Near or adjacent to the mouth. [para- + L. os (or-), mouth]
paraovarian
SYN: parovarian (2).
paraoxon
An organophosphorous cholinesterase inhibitor used in insecticides; parathion is converted in the liver to p..
parapancreatic
Near or alongside of the pancreas.
paraparesis
Weakness affecting the lower extremities. [para- + paresis]
paraparetic
1. Relating to paraparesis. 2. A person with paraparesis.
parapedesis
Excretion or secretion through an abnormal channel. [para- + G. pedesis, a bending, deflection]
paraperitoneal
Outside of or alongside the peritoneum.
parapestis
SYN: ambulant plague. [para- + L. pestis, plague]
paraphasia
A form of aphasia in which a person has lost the ability to speak correctly, substituting one word for another and jumbling words and sentences unintelligibly. SEE ALSO: jargon. ...
paraphasic
Relating to paraphasia.
paraphia
Any disorder of the sense of touch. SYN: pseudesthesia (1), pseudoesthesia (1). [para- + G. haphe, touch]
Paraphilia
One of several complex psychiatric disorders that are manifested as deviant sexual behavior. For example, in men the most common forms are pedophilia (sexual behavior or ...
Paraphimosis
A condition in which the foreskin of the penis, once retracted, cannot return to its original location. The foreskin remains trapped behind the groove of the coronal sulcus ...
paraphonia
Any disorder of the voice, especially a change in its tone. [para- + G. phone, voice]
paraphrasia
SYN: paraphasia. [para- + G. phrasis, speech]
paraphysial, paraphyseal
Pertaining to the paraphysis.
paraphysis
A median organ developing from the roofplate of the diencephalon in certain lower vertebrates. Present in the human embryo and fetus for a short time. SYN: paraphysial body. [G. ...
parapineal
Beside the pineal; denoting the visual or photoreceptive portion of the pineal body present, if not functioning, in certain lizards.
paraplasm
1. Obsolete term for hyaloplasm. 2. Malformed or abnormal tissue. [para- + G. plasma, a thing formed]
paraplastic
Relating to paraplasm.
paraplegia
Paralysis of both lower extremities and, generally, the lower trunk. [para- + plege, a stroke] - ataxic p. progressive ataxia and paresis of the leg muscles due to sclerosis of ...
paraplegic
Relating to or suffering from paraplegia.
Parapoxvirus
The genus of viruses (family Poxviridae) that includes the contagious ecthyma of sheep, bovine papular stomatitis, and paravaccinia viruses. They possess the nucleoprotein ...
parapraxia
A condition analogous to paraphasia and paragraphia in which there is a defective performance of purposive acts; e.g., slips of the tongue, or mislaying of objects. [para- + G. ...
paraproctitis
Inflammation of the cellular tissue surrounding the rectum. [para- + G. proktos, anus, + -itis, inflammation]
paraproctium
The cellular tissue surrounding the rectum. [para- + G. proktos, anus]
paraprostatitis
Obsolete term for inflammation of the tissue around the prostate gland. [para- + L. prostata, prostate, + -itis, inflammation]
paraprotein
1. A monoclonal immunoglobulin of blood plasma, observed electrophoretically as an intense band in γ, β, or α regions, due to an isolated increase in a single ...
paraproteinemia
The presence of a monoclonal gammopathy in the blood.
parapsoriasis
A heterogenous group of skin disorders unrelated to psoriasis, including pityriasis lichenoides and small and large plaque p.. - p. en plaque a form of large plaque p. in ...
parapsychology
The study of extrasensory perception, such as thought transference ( telepathy) and clairvoyance.
paraquat
A weedkiller that produces delayed toxic effects on the liver, kidneys, and lungs when ingested; progressive interstitial pneumonia with proliferation of alveolar lining cells ...
Paraquat lung
: Paraquat, a weed killer, selectively accumulates in the lungs and is highly toxic. Once X-ray changes from paraquat are evident in the lungs, death is virtually certain. ...
pararama
Painful or crippling disease of the fingers, first described in Brazilian rubber workers, produced by accidental contact with setae of the larva of the moth, Premolis semirufa; ...
pararectal
Near the rectum or rectus muscle.
pararenal
Near or adjacent to the kidneys. SYN: paranephric (2).
pararhotacism
Substitution of another sound for that of r. SEE ALSO: rhotacism. [para- + G. rho, letter r]
pararosanilin
A tri(aminophenyl)methane hydrochloride; an important red biologic stain used in Schiff reagent to detect cellular DNA ( Feulgen stain), mucopolysaccharides (PAS stain), and ...
pararrhythmia
A cardiac dysrhythmia in which two independent rhythms coexist, but not as a result of A-V block; p. thus includes parasystole and A-V dissociation (2), but not complete A-V ...
parasacral
Alongside the sacrum.
parasalpingitis
Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the fallopian or the eustachian tube. [para- + salpinx + G. -itis, inflammation]
Parascaris equorum
A large, heavy-bodied ascarid nematode extremely common in the small intestine of horses and other equids. Larvae may develop in humans or mice, but do not reach the adult stage. ...
parascarlatina
SYN: Filatov-Dukes disease.
parasexuality
Abnormal or perverted sexuality.
parasigmatism
SYN: lisping. [para- + G. sigma, the letter s]
parasinoidal
Near a sinus, particularly a cerebral sinus.
Parasite
An organism that lives in or on and takes its nourishment from another organism. A parasite cannot live independently. Parasitic diseases include infections by protozoa, ...
Parasitemia
The presence of a parasite in the blood. For example, malarial parasitemia. Parasitemia is analogous to bacteremia (the presence of bacteria in the blood) and viremia (the ...
Parasitic
Having to do with a parasite, as in a parasitic infection; or acting like a parasite by taking nourishment from another. * * * 1. Relating to or of the nature of a parasite. 2. ...
parasiticidal
Destructive to parasites.
parasiticide
An agent that destroys parasites. [parasite + L. caedo, to kill]
parasitism
A symbiotic relationship in which one species (the parasite) benefits at the expense of the other (the host). Cf.:mutualism, commensalism, symbiosis, metabiosis. - multiple p. ...
parasitize
To invade as a parasite.
parasitocenose
Complex of all parasite species and individuals associated with a specific host. SYN: parasite-host ecosystem. [parasite + G. koinos, common, together]
parasitogenesis
The evolution of relationships between parasite and host.
parasitogenic
1. Caused by certain parasites. 2. Favoring parasitism. [parasite + G. -gen, producing]
parasitoid
Denoting a feeding relationship intermediate between predation and parasitism, in which the p. eventually destroys its host; refers especially to parasitic wasps (order ...
parasitologist
One who specializes in the science of parasitology.
parasitology
The branch of biology and of medicine concerned with all aspects of parasitism. [parasite + G. logos, study]
parasitome
The total mass or number of individuals of all developmental stages of a single parasite species in one host. [parasite + -ome (fr. G. -oma), group, mass]
parasitophobia
Morbid fear of parasites. [parasite + G. phobos, fear]
parasitosis
Infestation or infection with parasites.
parasitotropic
Pertaining to or characterized by parasitotropism.
parasitotropism
The special affinity of particular drugs or other agents for parasites rather than for their hosts, including microparasites that infect a larger parasite. Cf.:organotropism. SYN: ...
parasitotropy
SYN: parasitotropism.
parasomnia
Any dysfunction associated with sleep, e.g., somnabulism, pavor nocturnus, enureseis, or nocturnal seizures.
parastasis
A reciprocal relationship among causal mechanisms that can compensate for, or mask defects in, each other; in genetics, a relationship between nonalleles (classified by some as a ...
parasternal
Alongside the sternum.
Parastrongylus
SYN: Angiostrongylus.
parasubiculum
A narrow region of cortex located between the entorhinal area (or cortex) and the subiculum.
parasympathetic
Pertaining to a division of the autonomic nervous system. See autonomic division of nervous system.
Parasympathetic nervous system
A part of nervous system that serves to slow the heart rate, increase the intestinal and gland activity, and relax the sphincter muscles. The parasympathetic nervous system, ...
parasympatholytic
Relating to an agent that annuls or antagonizes the effects of the parasympathetic nervous system; e.g., atropine.
parasympathomimetic
Relating to drugs or chemicals having an action resembling that caused by stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system. SEE ALSO: cholinomimetic. [para- + G. sympatheia, ...
parasympathotonia
SYN: vagotonia.
parasynapsis
Union of chromosomes side to side in the process of reduction. [para- + G. synapsis, a connection, junction]
parasynovitis
Inflammation of the tissues immediately adjacent to a joint. [para- + synovitis]
parasyphilis
Any condition indirectly due to syphilis. SYN: metasyphilis (2), parasyphilosis, quaternary syphilis.
parasyphilitic
Denoting certain diseases supposed to be indirectly due to syphilis but presenting none of the recognized lesions of that infection. SYN: metaluetic (3). SYN: metasyphilitic ...
parasyphilosis
SYN: parasyphilis.
parasystole
A second automatic rhythm existing simultaneously with normal sinus or other dominant rhythm, the parasystolic center being protected from the dominant rhythm's impulses so that ...
parataxia
SYN: parataxis.
parataxic
Pertaining to parataxis.
parataxis
An older term for the psychologic state or repository of attitudes, ideas, and experiences accumulated during personality development that are not effectively assimilated or ...
paratenesis
Passage of an infective agent by one or a series of paratenic hosts in which the agent is transported between hosts but does not undergo further development. [parasite + L. ...
paratenon
The tissue, fatty or synovial, between a tendon and its sheath. [para- + G. tenon, tendon]
paraterminal
Near or alongside any terminus.
parathion
An organic phosphate insecticide, highly toxic to animals and humans, that is an irreversible inhibitor of cholinesterases.
Parathormone
Hormone made by the parathyroid gland (behind the thyroid gland in the neck). Parathormone (pronounced para-thor-mone) is critical to calcium and phosphorus balance. Deficiency ...
parathymia
Misdirection of the emotional faculties; disordered mood. [para- + G. thymos, soul, mind]
parathyrin
SYN: parathyroid hormone.
Parathyroid
Gland that regulates calcium, located behind the thyroid gland in the neck. The parathyroid secretes a hormone called parathormone (or parathyrin) that is critical to calcium ...
parathyroidectomy
Excision of the parathyroid glands. [ parathyroid + G. ektome, excision]
Parathyroids, hypoplasia of the thymus and
Also known as the DiGeorge syndrome (DGS), this disorder is characterized by (1) low blood calcium levels (hypocalcemia) due to underdevelopment (hypoplasia) of the parathyroid ...
parathyrotropic, parathyrotrophic
Influencing the growth or activity of the parathyroid glands. [ parathyroid + G. trope, a turning; trophe, nourishment]
paratope
That part of an antibody molecule composed of the variable regions of both the light and heavy chains that combine with the antigen. SYN: antibody-combining site, antigen-binding ...
paratrichosis
Any disorder in the growth of the hair, with particular reference to quantity. [para- + G. trichosis, making or being hairy, fr. thrix (trich-), hair]
paratripsis
Chafing. [G. friction, fr. para, beside, + tripsis, rubbing]
paratrophic
Deriving sustenance from living organic material. SEE ALSO: metatrophic, prototrophic. [para- + G. trophe, nourishment]
paratyphlitis
Inflammation of the connective tissue adjacent to the cecum. [para- + G. typhlon, cecum, + -itis, inflammation]
paratyphoid
SYN: p. fever.
paraumbilical
Near the umbilicus. SYN: paraomphalic, parumbilical.
paraurethral
Alongside the urethra.
paravaccinia
Former name for Pseudocowpox virus. SYN: milkers' nodules, under nodule.
paravaginal
Alongside the vagina.
paravaginitis
Inflammation of the connective tissue alongside the vagina. SYN: paracolpitis.
paravalvular
Alongside or in the vicinity of a valve.
paravenous
Beside a vein.
paravertebral
Alongside a vertebra or the vertebral column.
paravesical
SYN: paracystic.
paraxial
By the side of the axis of any body or part.
paraxon
A collateral branch of an axon. [para- + G. axon, axis]
Parazoa
A subkingdom that includes the sponges (phylum Porifera), considered by many zoologists to be intermediate between the subkingdoms Protozoa and Metazoa.
parazoon
1. An animal parasite. 2. A member of the subkingdom Parazoa. [para- + G. zoon, animal]
parchment crackling
The sensation as of the crackling of stiff paper or parchment, noted on palpation of the skull in cases of craniotabes.
Paré
Ambroïse, French surgeon, 1510–1590. See Paré suture.
paregoric
Camphorated opium tincture, an antiperistaltic agent containing powdered opium, anise oil, benzoic acid, camphor, glycerin, and diluted alcohol. [G. paregorikos, soothing] ...
pareira
P. brava, the root of Chondodendron tomentosum and other species of Chondodendron (family Menispermaceae), a vine of tropical America; one of the chief sources of d-tubocurarine; ...
parelectronomic
Not subject to the laws of electricity, i.e., not excited by an electric stimulus. [para- + G. elektron, amber (electricity), + nomos, law]
parencephalia
Congenital defect of brain. [para- + G. enkephalos, brain]
parencephalitis
Inflammation of the cerebellum. [parencephalon + G. -itis, inflammation]
parencephalocele
Protrusion of the cerebellum through a defect in the cranium. [parencephalon + G. kele, hernia]
parencephalous
Relating to parencephalia.
Parenchyma
The key elements of an organ essential to its functioning, as distinct from the capsule that encompasses it and other supporting structures. The parenchyma is thus opposed to the ...
parenchymal
SYN: parenchymatous.
parenchymatitis
Inflammation of the parenchyma or differentiated substance of a gland or organ.
parenchymatous
Relating to the parenchyma. SYN: parenchymal.
parent
1. An individual who has produced at least one offspring through sexual reproduction. 2. Any source or basis, as for the elaboration of a substance. [L. parens, fr. pario, to ...
Parentalism
A parent's attitude of dominance over one or more children. For example, a parent stating "I'm the boss around this house" is a demonstration of parentalism.
parenteral
By some other means than through the gastrointestinal tract; referring particularly to the introduction of substances into an organism by intravenous, subcutaneous, ...
Parenti
Gian Carlo, Italian physician. See P.-Fraccaro syndrome.
parepicele
The lateral recess of the fourth ventricle of the brain. [para- + G. epi, upon, + koilia, a hollow]
parepididymis
SYN: paradidymis.
parepithymia
An older term for a morbid longing; an abnormal desire or craving. [para- + G. epithymia, desire]
parerethisis
An older term for abnormal or morbid excitement. [para- + G. erethizo, to excite]
paresis
Partial or incomplete paralysis. [G. a letting go, slackening, paralysis, fr. paritemi, to let go] - divergence p. an esodeviation of the eyes that is greater in the distance ...
Paresis, general
A part of late ("tertiary") syphilis a decade or more after the initial infection, due to chronic inflammation of the covering and substance of the brain ...

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