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Pepper
William, Jr., U.S. physician, 1874–1947. See P. syndrome.
peppermint
The dried leaves and flowering tops of Mentha piperita (family Labiatae); a carminative and antiemetic. - p. camphor SYN: menthol. - p. oil the volatile oil distilled with ...
pepsic
SYN: peptic.
pepsin
A group of closely related aspartic proteinases. P. A is the principal digestive enzyme of gastric juice, formed from pepsinogen; it hydrolyzes peptide bonds at low pH values (is ...
pepsinate
To mix pepsin with.
pepsiniferous
SYN: pepsinogenous.
pepsinogen
A proenzyme or zymogen formed and secreted by the chief cells of the gastric mucosa; the acidity of the gastric juice and pepsin itself remove 44 amino acyl residues from p. ...
pepsinogenous
Producing pepsin. SYN: pepsiniferous.
pepsinuria
Excretion of pepsin in the urine. [ pepsin + G. ouron, urine]
pepstatin
An inhibitor peptide from actinomycetes that inhibits pepsin and cathepsin D.
peptic
Relating to the stomach, to gastric digestion, or to pepsin A. SYN: pepsic. [G. peptikos, fr. pepto, to digest]
Peptic ulcer
A hole in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. A peptic ulcer of the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, an ulcer of the duodenum is a duodenal ulcer, and a ...
peptidase
Any enzyme capable of hydrolyzing a peptide bond of a peptide; e.g., carboxypeptidases, aminopeptidases. SYN: peptide hydrolase. - p. D SYN: proline dipeptidase. - p. P SYN: ...
peptide
A compound of two or more amino acid s in which a carboxyl group of one is united with an amino group of another, with the elimination of a molecule of water, thus forming a p. ...
peptidergic
Referring to nerve cells or fibers that are believed to employ small peptide molecules as their neurotransmitter. [peptide + G. ergon, work]
peptidoglycan
A compound containing amino acid s (or peptides) linked to sugars, with the latter preponderant. Cf.:glycopeptide. SYN: mucopeptide (2).
peptidoid
A condensation product of two amino acid s involving at least one condensing group other than the α-carboxyl or α-amino group; e.g., glutathione.
peptidolytic
Causing the cleavage or digestion of peptides. [peptide + G. lytikos, solvent]
peptidyl dipeptidase A
A zinc-containing hydrolase cleaving C-terminal dipeptides from a variety of substrates, including angiotensin I, which is converted to angiotensin II and histidylleucine (an ...
peptidyltransferase
The enzyme responsible for the formation of the peptide bond on the ribosome during protein biosynthesis, peptidyl-tRNA1 + aminoacyl-tRNA2 → tRNA1 + peptidylaminoacyl-tRNA2. ...
peptization
In colloid chemistry, an increase in the degree of dispersion, tending toward a uniform distribution of the dispersed phase.
Peptococcaceae
A family of nonmotile, nonsporeforming, anaerobic bacteria (order Eubacteriales) containing Gram-positive (staining may be equivocal) cocci, 0.5–1.6 μm in diameter, which ...
Peptococcus
A genus of nonmotile, anaerobic, chemoorganotrophic bacteria (family Peptococcaceae) containing Gram-positive, spherical cells that occur singly, in pairs, tetrads, or irregular ...
peptocrinine
An extract of the intestinal mucosa resembling secretin.
peptogenic, peptogenous
1. Producing peptones. 2. Promoting digestion.
peptoid
A peptide with one or more non—amino acyl groups ( e.g., sugar, lipid, etc.) covalently linked to the peptide.
peptolide
1. A cyclic depsipeptide; e.g., valinomycin. 2. A heteromeric depsipeptide.
peptolysis
The hydrolysis of peptones.
peptolytic
1. Pertaining to peptolysis. 2. Denoting an enzyme or other agent that hydrolyzes peptones.
peptone
Descriptive term applied to intermediate polypeptide products, formed in partial hydrolysis of proteins, that are soluble in water, diffusible, and not coagulable by heat; used ...
peptonic
Relating to or containing peptone.
peptonization
Conversion by enzymic action of native protein into soluble peptone.
Peptostreptococcus
A genus of nonmotile, anaerobic, chemoorganotrophic bacteria (family Peptococcaceae) containing spherical to ovoid, Gram-positive cells that occur in pairs and short or long ...
per anum
By or through the anus. [L.]
per contiguum
In contiguity; denoting the mode by which an inflammation or other morbid process spreads into an adjacent contiguous structure. [per- + L. contiguus, touching, fr. tango, to ...
per continuum
In continuity; continuous; denoting the mode by which an inflammation or other morbid process spreads from one part to another through continuous tissue. [per- + L. continuus, ...
per os
By or through the mouth, denoting a method of medication. [L.]
per primam
By first intention. See healing by first intention. [L.]
per rectum
By or through the rectum, denoting a method of medication. [L.]
per saltum
At a leap; at one bound; not gradually or through different stages. [L.]
per tubam
Through a tube. [L.]
per vias naturales
Through the natural passages; e.g., denoting a normal delivery, as opposed to cesarean section, or the passage in stool of a foreign body instead of its surgical removal. [L.]
per-
1. Through, conveying intensity. 2. In chemistry, a prefix denoting either 1) more or most, with respect to the amount of a given element (usually oxygen, as in perchloric acid) ...
peracephalus
An omphalosite lacking head and arms, and with a defective thorax; typically, the body consists of little more than pelvis and legs. [per- + G. a- priv. + kephale, head]
peracid
An acid containing a peroxide group (–O–OH); e.g., peracetic acid. SYN: peroxy acid.
peracute
Very acute; said of a disease. [L. peracutus, very sharply]
perarticulation
SYN: synovial joint. [per- + L. articulatio, joint]
peratodynia
Obsolete term for pyrosis. [G. peratos, on the opposite side, + odyne, pain]
peraxillary
Through the axilla.
perazine
An antipsychotic.
Percentile
The percentage of individuals in a group who have achieved a certain quantity (such as height, weight, and head circumference) or developmental milestone (such as "walking ...
percept
1. That which is perceived; the complete mental image, formed by the process of perception, of an object or idea. 2. In clinical psychology, a single unit of perceptual report, ...
perception
The mental process of becoming aware of or recognizing an object or idea; primarily cognitive rather than affective or conative, although all three aspects are manifested. SYN: ...
Perception, auditory
The ability to identify, interpret, and attach meaning to sound.
perceptive
Relating to or having a higher than normal power of perception.
perceptivity
The power of perception.
perceptorium
SYN: sensorium (2).
percolation
1. SYN: filtration. 2. Extraction of the soluble portion of a solid mixture by passing a solvent liquid through it. 3. Passage of saliva or other fluids into the interface ...
percolator
A funnel-shaped vessel used for the process of percolation in pharmacy.
percomorph oil
A liver oil from fish of the order Percomorphi, with a standardized amount of vitamins A and D.
percuss
To perform percussion.
percussion
1. A diagnostic procedure designed to determine the density of a body part by the sound produced by tapping the surface with the finger or a plessor; performed primarily over ...
percussor
SYN: plessor.
Percutaneous
Through the skin, as in a percutaneous biopsy. * * * Denoting the passage of substances through unbroken skin, as in absorption by inunction; also passage through the skin by ...
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)
A surgical procedure for placing a feeding tube without having to perform an open laparotomy (operation on the abdomen). The aim of PEG is to feed those who cannot swallow. PEG ...
Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PNL)
A technique for removing large and/or dense stones and staghorn stones. PNL is done via a port created by puncturing the kidney through the skin and enlarging the access port to 1 ...
Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC)
A test of the bile duct system done by inserting a thin needle through the skin and into the liver (on the right side of the patient's abdomen). Dye is injected through the needle ...
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
The use of a balloon-tipped catheter to enlarge a narrowed
Percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS)
In PUBS, a needle is inserted through the mother’s abdominal wall and the uterine wall. Blood can be withdrawn from the umbilical vein at the point where the umbilical cord ...
perencephaly
A condition marked by one or more cerebral cysts. [G. pera, a purse, a wallet, + enkephalos, brain]
Perez
George V., Spanish physician, †1920. See P. sign. Bernard, French physician, 1836–1903. See P. reflex.
Perfect pitch
The inherent human ability to identify a note or sing it without hearing a reference note beforehand. Since most native speakers of languages that use tones to convey meaning ...
perfectionism
A tendency to set rigid high standards of performance for oneself.
perflation
Blowing air into or through a cavity or canal to force apart its walls or to expel any contained material. [L. per-flo, pp, -flatus, to blow through]
perflubron
Generic name for perfluorooctyl bromide.
perfluorooctyl bromide
A bromine-substituted fluorocarbon, prepared as a particulate emulsion, used as a CT, MR, and ultrasound contrast medium.
perforans
A term applied to several muscles and nerves that, in their course, perforate other structures. [L. perforating]
perforated
Pierced with one or more holes. [L. perforatus, fr. per-foro, pp. -atus, to bore through]
perforation
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus. SYN: tresis. [see perforated]
Perforation, nasal septum
A hole in the nasal septum, the wall inside the nose that runs down the middle dividing it into two sides. The hole provides a direct communication between the two ...
perforator
An instrument for making a bony opening through the cranium. SYN: trephine (1).
perforin
A protein found in the cytoplasmic granules of both T cytotoxic lymphocytes and natural killer cells. This protein is implicated in target cell lysis by the above cells. [L. ...
performic acid
An organic peracid used in cleaving disulfide links in peptides by oxidizing cystinyl residues to cysteic acid. SYN: peroxyformic acid.
perfrigeration
A minor degree of frostbite. [L. per-frigero, pp. -atus, to make cold, fr. frigus, cold]
perfusate
The fluid used for perfusion; sometimes more broadly applied to fluid that has been forced through any more or less porous membrane or material. [see perfuse]
perfuse
To force blood or other fluid to flow from the artery through the vascular bed of a tissue or to flow through the lumen of a hollow structure ( e.g., an isolated renal tubule). ...
Perfusion
: A chemotherapy technique that may be used when melanoma occurs on an arm or leg. The flow of blood to and from the limb is stopped for a while with a tourniquet, and ...
pergolide mesylate
An ergot derivative with dopaminergic properties; used in parkinsonism.
perhexiline maleate
A coronary vasodilator and diuretic.
perhydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthrene
SYN: tetracyclic steroid nucleus.
Peri-
Prefix meaning around or about. For example, pericardial is around the heart, and periaortic lymph nodes are lymph nodes around the aorta. * * * Around, about, near. ...
peri-implantoclasia
In dentistry, a general term implying disease of the supporting bone involving an implant; the disease may be exfoliative, resorptive, traumatic, or ulcerative in nature. [peri- ...
periaccretio pericardii
Adhesion of the pericardium or part of it to the cardiac surface due to antecedent inflammation.
periacinal, periacinous
Surrounding an acinus.
periadenitis
Inflammation of the tissues surrounding a gland. [peri- + G. aden, gland, + -itis, inflammation] - p. mucosa necrotica recurrens SYN: aphthae major, under aphtha.
Perianal
Located around the anus, the opening of the rectum to the outside of the body. Peri- is a prefix borrowed from the Greek. It means "around or about." So pericardial is around the ...
Perianal abscess
An abscess (a local accumulation of pus) that forms next to the anus (the opening of the rectum to the outside of the body) causing tender swelling in that area and pain on ...
periangiocholitis
SYN: pericholangitis. [peri- + G. angeion, vessel, + chole, bile, + -itis, inflammation]
periangitis
Inflammation of the adventitia of a blood vessel or of the tissues surrounding it or a lymphatic vessel. SEE ALSO: periarteritis, periphlebitis, perilymphangitis. SYN: ...
Periaortic
Around the aorta. The aorta is the great artery that comes from the left ventricle of the heart and delivers oxygen-rich blood to the body. Peri- is a prefix borrowed from the ...
periaortitis
Inflammation of the adventitia of the aorta and of the tissues surrounding it.
periapex
The periapical structures, particularly periodontal membrane and adjacent bone. [peri- L. apex, tip]
periapical
1. At or around the apex of a root of a tooth. 2. Denoting the periapex.
periappendicitis
Inflammation of the tissue surrounding the vermiform appendix. SYN: para- appendicitis. - p. decidualis the presence of decidual cells in the peritoneum of the vermiform ...
periappendicular
Surrounding an appendix, especially the vermiform appendix.
periarterial
Surrounding an artery.
periarteritis
Inflammation of the adventitia of an artery. SYN: exarteritis. - p. nodosa SYN: polyarteritis nodosa.
periarthric
SYN: circumarticular.
periarthritis
Inflammation of the parts surrounding a joint. [peri- + arthritis]
periarticular
SYN: circumarticular.
periatrial
Surrounding the atrium of the heart. SYN: periauricular (1).
periauricular
1. SYN: periatrial. 2. SYN: periconchal. 3. Around the external ear.
periaxial
Surrounding an axis.
periaxillary
SYN: circumaxillary.
periaxonal
Surrounding the axon of a nerve. [peri- + G. axon, axis]
periblast
A specialized region of yolk surface immediately peripheral to the blastoderm in telolecithal eggs. [peri- + G. blastos, germ]
peribronchial
Surrounding a bronchus or the bronchi.
peribronchiolar
Surrounding the bronchioles.
peribronchiolitis
Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the bronchioles.
peribronchitis
Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the bronchi or bronchial tubes.
peribuccal
Surrounding the cheek.
peribulbar
Surrounding any bulb, especially the eyeball or the bulb of the urethra. SYN: circumbulbar.
peribursal
Surrounding a bursa.
pericanalicular
Surrounding a canaliculus.
pericardectomy
SYN: pericardiectomy.
pericardia
Plural of pericardium.
pericardiac, pericardial
1. Surrounding the heart. 2. Relating to the pericardium.
Pericardial
Referring to the pericardium, the sac of fibrous tissue that surrounds the heart. The inner surface of the pericardium is lined by a layer of flat cells (mesothelial cells). The ...
Pericardial effusion
Too much fluid within the fibrous sac (the pericardium) that surrounds the heart. The inner surface of the pericardium is lined by a layer of flat cells (mesothelial cells). The ...
Pericardial sac
The pericardial sac is a conical sac of fibrous tissue which surrounds the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels. The pericardium has outer and inner coats. The outer ...
Pericardial tamponade
A life-threatening situation in which there is such a large amount of fluid (usually blood) inside the pericardial sac around the heart that it interferes with the performance of ...
pericardicentesis
SYN: pericardiocentesis.
pericardiectomy
Excision of a portion of the pericardium. SYN: pericardectomy. [pericardium + G. ektome, excision] - radical p. excision of almost the entire pericardium.
pericardiocentesis
Needle or catheter drainage of the pericardium. SYN: pericardial tap, pericardicentesis. [peri- + G. kardia, heart, + kentesis, puncture]
pericardiology
The science or study of the pericardium, its physiology, and diseases.
pericardioperitoneal
Relating to the pericardial and peritoneal cavities.
pericardiophrenic
Relating to the pericardium and the diaphragm. [pericardium + G. phren, diaphragm]
pericardiopleural
Relating to the pericardial and pleural cavities.
pericardiorrhaphy
Suture of the pericardium. [pericardium + G. rhaphe, suture]
pericardiostomy
Establishment of an opening into the pericardium. [pericardium + G. stoma, mouth]
pericardiotomy
Incision into the pericardium. SYN: pericardotomy. [pericardium + G. tome, incision]
pericarditic
Relating to pericarditis.
Pericarditis
Inflammation of the lining around the heart (the pericardium) causing chest pain and accumulation of fluid around the heart (pericardial * * * Inflammation of the pericardium. - ...
Pericardium
The conical sac of fibrous tissue that surrounds the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels. The pericardium’s outer coat (the parietal pericardium) is tough and ...
Pericardium, parietal
The outer layer of the pericardium which is a conical sac of fibrous tissue that surrounds the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels. The pericardium has outer and inner ...
Pericardium, visceral
The inner layer of the pericardium, a conical sac of fibrous tissue that surrounds the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels. The pericardium has outer and inner coats. ...
pericardotomy
SYN: pericardiotomy.
pericecal
Surrounding the cecum. SYN: perityphlic.
pericellular
Surrounding a cell. SYN: pericytial.
pericemental
SYN: periodontal.
pericentral
Surrounding the center.
Pericentric chromosome inversion
A basic type of chromosome rearrangement in which a segment that includes the centromere (and so is pericentric) has been snipped out of a chromosome, turned through 180 degrees ...
pericholangitis
Inflammation of the tissues around the bile ducts. SYN: periangiocholitis. [peri- + G. chole, bile, + angeion, vessel, + -itis, inflammation]
perichondral, perichondrial
Relating to the perichondrium.
Perichondrial
To do with the perichondrium, a dense membrane composed of fibrous connective tissue that closely wraps all cartilage, except the cartilage in joints which is covered by a ...
Perichondritis
Inflammation of the perichondrium, a dense membrane composed of fibrous connective tissue that closely wraps all cartilage, except the cartilage in joints which is covered by a ...
Perichondrium
A dense membrane composed of fibrous connective tissue that closely wraps (invests) all cartilage, except the cartilage in joints which is covered by a synovial membrane. Peri- ...
Perichondroma
A tumor arising from the perichondrium, the dense membrane composed of fibrous connective tissue that closely wraps (invests) all cartilage (except the articular surfaces of the ...
perichord
Sheath of the notochord.
perichordal
Relating to the perichord.
perichoroidal
Surrounding the choroid coat of the eye.
perichrome
Denoting a nerve cell in which the chromophil substance, or stainable material, is scattered throughout the cytoplasm. [peri- + G. chroma, a color]
pericolic
Surrounding or encircling the colon.
pericolitis
Inflammation of the connective tissue or peritoneum surrounding the colon. SYN: pericolonitis, serocolitis. - p. dextra p. involving the ascending colon. - p. sinistra SYN: ...
pericolonitis
SYN: pericolitis.
pericolpitis
SYN: perivaginitis. [peri- + G. kolpos, bosom (vagina), + -itis, inflammation]
periconchal
Surrounding the concha of the auricle. SYN: periauricular (2).
pericorneal
Surrounding the cornea. SYN: circumcorneal, perikeratic.
pericoronal
Around the crown of a tooth.
pericoronitis
Inflammation around the crown of a tooth, usually one that is incompletely erupted into the oral cavity. [peri- + L. corona, crown, + G. -itis, inflammation]
pericranial
Relating to the pericranium; surrounding the skull.
pericranitis
Inflammation of the pericranium.
pericranium
The periosteum of the skull. SYN: periosteum cranii [TA]. [peri- + G. kranion, skull]
pericyazine
An antipsychotic.
pericystic
1. Surrounding the urinary bladder. 2. Surrounding the gallbladder. 3. Surrounding a cyst. SYN: perivesical. [peri- + G. kystis, bladder]
pericystitis
Inflammation of the tissues surrounding a bladder, especially the urinary bladder.
pericystium
1. The tissues surrounding the urinary bladder or gallbladder. 2. A vascular investment of a cystic tumor. [peri- + G. kystis, bladder, cyst]
pericyte
One of the slender mesenchymal-like cells found in close association with the outside wall of postcapillary venules; it is relatively undifferentiated and may become a ...
pericytial
SYN: pericellular.
peridens
A supernumerary tooth appearing elsewhere than the midline of the dental arch. [peri- + L. dens, tooth]
peridental
SYN: periodontal.
peridentitis
Obsolete term for periodontitis.
peridentium
SYN: periodontium.
periderm, periderma
The outermost layer of the epidermis of the embryo and fetus to the sixth month of intrauterine life; desquamated peridermal cells are a considerable component of the vernix ...
peridermal, peridermic
Relating to the periderm.
peridesmic
1. Surrounding a ligament. 2. Relating to the peridesmium. SYN: periligamentous.
peridesmitis
Inflammation of the connective tissue surrounding a ligament. [peri- + G. desmos, band, + -itis, inflammation]
peridesmium
The connective tissue membrane surrounding a ligament. [peri- + G. desmion (desmos), band]
perididymis
SYN: tunica albuginea of testis. [G. didymos, twin, pl. didymoi, testes]
perididymitis
Inflammation of the perididymis.
peridium
In fungi, the hyphal structure that surrounds the asci. [G. peridion, dim. of pera, leather pouch]
peridiverticulitis
Inflammation of the tissues around an intestinal diverticulum.
periduodenitis
Inflammation around the duodenum.
peridural
SYN: epidural.
periencephalitis
Inflammation of the cerebral membranes, particularly leptomeningitis or inflammation of the pia mater with involvement of the underlying cortex. [peri- + G. enkephalos, brain]
perienteric
Surrounding the intestine. SYN: circumintestinal.
perienteritis
Inflammation of the peritoneal coat of the intestine. SYN: seroenteritis.
periependymal
Surrounding the ependyma.
periesophageal
Surrounding the esophagus.
periesophagitis
Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the esophagus.
perifocal
Surrounding a focus; denoting tissues, or the blood that they contain, in the vicinity of an infective focus.
perifollicular
Surrounding a hair follicle; usually used to describe the histopathologic appearance of the infiltrate surrounding a hair follicle.
perifolliculitis
The presence of an inflammatory infiltrate surrounding hair follicles; frequently occurs in conjunction with folliculitis. - p. abscedens et suffodiens a chronic dissecting ...
perifuse
To flush a fresh supply of bathing fluid around all of the outside surfaces of a small piece of tissue immersed in it. Cf.:perfuse, superfuse. [peri- + L. fusio, a pouring]
perifusion
The act of perifusing.
periganglionic
Surrounding a ganglion, especially a nerve ganglion.
perigastric
Surrounding the stomach. [peri- + G. gaster, belly, stomach]
perigastritis
Inflammation of the peritoneal coat of the stomach.
perigemmal
SYN: circumgemmal. [peri- + L. gemma, bud]
periglandulitis
Inflammation of the tissues surrounding a gland.
periglottic
Around the tongue, especially around the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, or around the glottis (laryngis), the rima glottidis. [peri- + G. glossa or glotta, tongue]
periglottis
The mucous membrane of the tongue. [G. p., covering of the tongue]
perihepatic
Surrounding the liver. [peri- + G. hepar, liver]
perihepatitis
Inflammation of the serous, or peritoneal, covering of the liver. SYN: hepatic capsulitis, hepatitis externa, hepatoperitonitis. [peri- + G. hepar, liver, + -itis, inflammation] ...
perihernial
Surrounding a hernia.
perijejunitis
Inflammation around the jejunum.
perikaryon
1. The cytoplasm around the nucleus, such as that of the cell body of nerve cells. 2. The body of the odontoblast, excluding the dentinal fiber. 3. The cell body of the nerve ...
perikeratic
SYN: pericorneal. [peri- + G. keras, horn]
perikymata
The transverse ridges and grooves on the surface of tooth enamel. [peri- + G. kyma, wave]
perilabyrinthitis
Inflammation of the parts about the labyrinth.
perilaryngeal
Surrounding the larynx.
perilenticular
Surrounding the lens of the eye. SYN: circumlental.
periligamentous
SYN: peridesmic.
perilymph
The fluid contained within the osseus labyrinth, surrounding and protecting the membranous labyrinth; p. resembles extracellular fluid in composition (sodium salts are the ...
perilympha
SYN: perilymph. [peri- + L. lympha, a clear fluid (lymph)]
perilymphangial
Surrounding a lymphatic vessel.
perilymphangitis
Inflammation of the tissues surrounding a lymphatic vessel.
perilymphatic
1. Surrounding a lymphatic structure (node or vessel). 2. The spaces and tissues surrounding the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear.
perimeningitis
SYN: pachymeningitis.
perimenopause
The 3–5-year period prior to menopause during which estrogen levels begin to drop.
perimeter
1. A circumference, edge, or border. 2. An instrument, usually half a circle or sphere, used to measure the field of vision. [G. perimetros, circumference, fr. peri, around, + ...
perimetric
1. Surrounding the uterus; relating to the perimetrium. SYN: periuterine. [G. peri, around, + metra, uterus] 2. Relating to the circumference of any part or area. [G. ...
perimetritic
Relating to or marked by perimetritis.
perimetritis
Inflammation of the uterus involving the perimetreal covering. SYN: metroperitonitis. [ perimetrium + G. -itis, inflammation]
perimetrium
The serous (peritoneal) coat of the uterus. SYN: tunica serosa uteri [TA]. [peri- + G. metra, uterus]
perimetry
1. The determination of the limits of the visual field. 2. The mapping of the sensitivity contours of the visual field. [G. perimetros, circumference] - computed p. ...
perimolysis
Decalcification of the teeth from exposure to gastric acid in individuals with chronic vomiting. [=perimylolysis, fr. peri- + G. mylos, molar + lysis, loosening, dissolving, fr. ...
perimyelis
SYN: endosteum. [peri- + G. myelos, marrow]
perimyelitis
SYN: endosteitis.
perimyocarditis
Simultaneous pericarditis and myocarditis usually due to the same etiologic agent.
perimyositis
Inflammation of the loose cellular tissue surrounding a muscle. SYN: perimysiitis (2), perimysitis.
perimysial
Relating to the perimysium; surrounding a muscle.
perimysiitis, perimysitis
1. Inflammation of the perimysium. 2. SYN: perimyositis.
perimysium
The fibrous sheath enveloping each of the fascicles of skeletal muscle fibers. [peri- + G. mys, muscle] - p. externum SYN: epimysium. - p. internum in the older literature, a ...
Perinatal
Pertaining to the period immediately before and after birth. The perinatal period is defined in diverse ways. Depending on the definition, it starts at the 20th to 28th week of ...
Perinatal transmission
Transmission of a disease-causing agent (a pathogen) from mother to baby during the perinatal period, the period immediately before and after birth. The perinatal period is ...
perinate
An infant in the perinatal period.
Perinatologist
An obstetrical subspecialist concerned with the care of the mother and fetus at higher-than-normal risk for complications. Since the perinatal period, depending on the ...
Perinatology
A subspecialty of obstetrics concerned with the care of the mother and fetus at higher-than-normal risk for complications. Since the perinatal period, depending on the ...
perineal
Relating to the perineum.
Perineal prostatectomy
: An operation to remove the prostate gland through an incision made between the scrotum and the anus.
perineo-
The perineum. [L. fr. G. perineos, perinaion]
perineocele
A hernia in the perineal region, either between the rectum and the vagina or the rectum and the bladder, or alongside the rectum. [ perineo- + G. kele, hernia]
perineometer
Instrument used to measure the strength of voluntary muscle contractions of the perineum. [ perineo- + G. metron, measure]
perineoplasty
Plastic surgery of the perineum. [ perineum + G. plastos, formed]
perineorrhaphy
Suture of the perineum, performed in perineoplasty. [ perineum + G. rhaphe, a sewing]
perineoscrotal
Relating to the perineum and the scrotum.
perineostomy
Urethrostomy through the perineum. [ perineo- + G. stoma, mouth]
perineosynthesis
Rarely used term for perineoplasty in a case of extensive laceration of the perineum.
perineotomy
Incision into the perineum to facilitate childbirth. SEE ALSO: episiotomy.
perineovaginal
Relating to the perineum and the vagina.
perinephrial
Relating to the perinephrium.
perinephric
Surrounding the kidney in whole or part. SYN: circumrenal, perirenal.
perinephritis
Inflammation of perinephric tissue.
perinephrium
The connective tissue and fat surrounding the kidney. [peri- + G. nephros, kidney]

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