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Spinelli
Pier G., Italian gynecologist, 1862–1929. See S. operation.
spinnbarkeit
The stringy, elastic character of cervical mucus during the ovulatory period; in contrast to other times in the menstrual cycle, cervical secretions at midcycle are clear, ...
spino-, spin-
1. The spine. 2. Spinous. [L. spina]
spinobulbar
SYN: bulbospinal.
spinocerebellum
SYN: paleocerebellum.
spinocollicular
SYN: spinotectal.
spinocostalis
The superior and inferior serratus posterior muscles regarded as one. [L.]
spinoglenoid
Relating to the spine and the glenoid cavity of the scapula.
spinomuscular
Relating to the spinal cord and the muscles supplied by the spinal nerves.
spinoneural
Relating to the spinal cord and the nerves given off from it.
spinose
SYN: spinous.
spinotectal
Passing upward from the spinal cord to the tectum. SYN: spinocollicular.
spinotransversarius
The splenius and obliquus capitis major muscles regarded as one.
spinous
Relating to, shaped like, or having a spine or spines. SYN: spinose.
spintharicon
A spark chamber device used to record the distribution of low energy emissions from radiopharmaceuticals administered internally, especially for thyroid scans using iodine-125. ...
spinthariscope
SYN: scintillation counter. [G. spinther, spark, + skopeo, to view]
spiperone
An antipsychotic.
spir-
See spiro-.
spiracle
An aperture for breathing in arthropods and in sharks and related fishes. [L. spiraculum, fr. spiro, to breathe]
spiradenoma
A benign tumor of sweat glands. [G. speira, coil, + adenoma] - eccrine s. a typically painful benign skin tumor composed of two cell types derived from the secretory part of ...
spiral
1. Coiled; winding around a center like a watch spring; winding and ascending like a wire spring. 2. A structure in the shape of a coil. [Mediev. L. spiralis, fr. G. speira, a ...
Spiral CAT scan
A conventional computerized axial tomography scan (CAT scan or CT scan) is an x-ray procedure which combines many x-ray images with the aid of a computer to generate ...
Spiral fracture
A fracture, sometimes called a torsion fracture, in which a bone has been twisted apart. A fracture is any break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but ...
spiramycin
An antibiotic substance (almost identical to leucomycin) produced by Streptomyces ambofaciens; an antimicrobial agent.
spirem, spireme
Term formerly applied to the first stage of mitosis or meiosis ( prophase) when extended chromosome filaments have the appearance of a loose ball of yarn, on the incorrect ...
spirilla
Plural of spirillum.
Spirillaceae
A family of usually motile, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria (order Pseudomonadales) containing Gram-negative, rod-shaped cells which are curved or spirally twisted. ...
spirillar
S-shaped; referring to a bacterial cell with an S shape.
spirillicidal
Destructive to spirilla or spirochetes. [ spirilla + L. caedo, to kill]
spirillosis
Any disease caused by the presence of spirilla in the blood or tissues.
Spirillum
A genus of large (1.4–1.7 μm in diameter), rigid, helical, Gram-negative bacteria (family Spirillaceae) that are motile by means of bipolar fascicles of flagella. These ...
spirillum
A member of the genus S.. - Obermeier s. SYN: Borrelia recurrentis. - Vincent s. the s. or spirochete found in association with Vincent bacillus. Fusobacterium nucleatum is ...
spirit
1. An alcoholic liquor stronger than wine, obtained by distillation. 2. Any distilled liquid. 3. An alcoholic or hydroalcoholic solution of volatile substances; some ...
spirituous
Containing alcohol in large amount, denoting liquors.
spiritus
SYN: spirit. [L.]
spiro-, spir-
1. Coil, coil-shaped. [G. speira] 2. Breathing. [L. spiro, to breathe]
spiro-index
Vital capacity divided by the height of the individual.
Spirocerca lupi
The esophageal worm of dogs and other carnivores, a red spiruroid nematode that occurs in nodules in the wall of the esophagus, stomach, and aorta of dogs, foxes, and wolves; ...
Spirochaeta
A genus of motile bacteria (order Spirochaetales) containing presumably Gram-negative, flexible, undulating, spiral-shaped rods that may or may not possess flagelliform, tapering ...
Spirochaetaceae
A family of bacteria (order Spirochaetales) consisting of coarse, spiral cells, 30–50 μm in length and possessing definite protoplasmic structures. These organisms occur in ...
Spirochaetales
An order of bacteria containing slender, flexuous cells, 6–500 μm in length, in the form of spirals with at least one complete turn. Some species may have an axial filament, a ...
spirochetal
Relating to spirochetes, especially to infection with such organisms.
Spirochete
A microscopic bacterial organism in the Spirochaeta family. Spirochetes have a worm-like, spiral-shaped form, and wiggle vigorously when viewed under a microscope. Treponema ...
spirochetemia
Presence of spirochetes in the blood. [ spirochete + G. haima, blood]
spirocheticide
An agent destructive to spirochetes. [ spirochete + L. caedo, to kill]
spirochetolysis
Destruction of spirochetes, as by chemotherapy or by specific antibodies. [ spirochete + G. lysis, a loosening]
spirochetosis
Any disease caused by a spirochete. - bronchopulmonary s. SYN: hemorrhagic bronchitis.
spirochetotic
Relating to or marked by spirochetosis.
spirogram
The tracing made by the spirograph.
spirograph
A device for representing graphically the depth and rapidity of respiratory movements. [L. spiro, to breathe, + G. grapho, to write]
spirometer
In clinical practice and research, any device used for measuring flows and volumes, inspired and expired by the lungs, thus assessing pulmonary function. Considered the most basic ...
Spirometra
A genus of pseudophyllid tapeworms. [G. speira, coil, + metra, womb (uterus)] - S. mansoni a species of pseudophyllid tapeworms of wild and feral cats, the larval form of ...
spirometry
Making pulmonary measurements with a spirometer. - forced s. inspiration and more particularly expiration in which volume is plotted against time, giving a measure of pulmonary ...
spironolactone
A diuretic agent that blocks the renal tubular actions of aldosterone. It increases the urinary excretion of sodium and chloride, decreases the excretion of potassium and ...
spiroscope
A device for measuring the air capacity of the lungs. [L. spiro, to breathe, + G. skopeo, to view]
spirostan
A 16,22:22,26-diepoxycholestane.
spiruroid
Common name for a member of the superfamily Spiruroidea.
Spiruroidea
A superfamily of arthropod-borne nematode parasites of the alimentary tract, respiratory system, or orbital, nasal, or oral cavities of vertebrates. They are common and ...
spissitude
The state of being inspissated; the condition of a fluid thickened almost to a solid by evaporation or inspissation. [L. spissitudo, fr. spissus, thick]
spitting
SYN: expectoration (2).
spittle
SYN: saliva. [A.S. spatl]
Spitz
Sophie, 20th century U.S. pathologist. See S. nevus.
Spitzer
Alexander, Austrian anatomist, 1868–1943. See S. theory.
Spitzka
Edward C., U.S. neurologist, 1852–1914. See S. nucleus, S. marginal tract, S. marginal zone, column of S.- Lissauer.
Spix
Johann B., German anatomist, 1781–1826. See S. spine.
SPL
Abbreviation for sound pressure level.
splanchn-
See splanchno-.
splanchnapophysial, splanchnapophyseal
Relating to a splanchnapophysis.
splanchnapophysis
An apophysis of the typical vertebra, on the side opposite to the neural apophysis, or any bony process, giving attachment to a viscus or part of the alimentary tract. [ ...
splanchnectopia
Displacement of any of the viscera. [ splanchn- + G. ektopos, out of place]
splanchnesthesia
SYN: visceral sense. [splanch- + G. aisthesis, sensation]
splanchnic
SYN: visceral.
splanchnicectomy
Resection of the splanchnic nerves and usually of the celiac ganglion as well. [splanchni- + G. ektome, excision]
splanchnicotomy
Section of a splanchnic nerve or nerves, a surgical procedure formerly used in the treatment of hypertension. [splanchni- + G. tome, incision]
splanchno-, splanchn-, splanchni-
The viscera. SEE ALSO: viscero-. [G. splanchnon, viscus]
splanchnocele
1. The primitive body cavity or celom in the embryo. [G. koilos, hollow] 2. Hernia of any of the abdominal viscera. [G. kele, hernia]
splanchnocranium
SYN: viscerocranium.
splanchnography
A treatise on or description of the viscera. [splanchno- + G. grapho, to write]
splanchnolith
An intestinal calculus. [splanchno- + G. lithos, stone]
splanchnologia
SYN: splanchnology, splanchnology.
splanchnology
The branch of medical science dealing with the viscera. SYN: splanchnologia. [splanchno- + G. logos, study]
splanchnomegaly
SYN: visceromegaly. [splanchno- + G. megas, large]
splanchnomicria
Condition in which the splanchnic organs are of smaller than normal size. [splanchno- + G. mikros, small]
splanchnopathy
Any disease of the abdominal viscera. [splanchno- + G. pathos, disease]
splanchnopleural
SYN: splanchnopleuric.
splanchnopleure
The embryonic layer formed by association of the visceral layer of the lateral plate mesoderm with the endoderm. [splanchno- + G. pleura, side]
splanchnopleuric
Relating to the splanchnopleure. SYN: splanchnopleural.
splanchnoptosis, splanchnoptosia
SYN: visceroptosis. [splanchno- + G. ptosis a falling]
splanchnosclerosis
Hardening, through connective tissue overgrowth, of any of the viscera. [splanchno- + G. sklerosis, hardening]
splanchnoskeletal
SYN: visceroskeletal.
splanchnoskeleton
SYN: visceroskeleton (2).
splanchnosomatic
SYN: viscerosomatic. [splanchno- + G. soma, body]
splanchnotomy
Dissection of the viscera by incision. [splanchno- + G. tome, incision]
splanchnotribe
An instrument resembling a large angiotribe used for occluding the intestine temporarily, prior to resection. [splanchno- + G. tribo, to rub, bruise]
splay
1. To lay open the end of a tubular structure by making a longitudinal incision to increase its potential diameter. SEE ALSO: spatulate. 2. The rounding of the corner on the ...
Spleen
An organ located in the upper left part of the abdomen near the stomach. The spleen produces lymphocytes; it is the largest lymphatic organ in the body. The spleen also filters ...
Spleen, ruptured
Rupture of the capsule of the spleen is a potential catastrophe that requires immediate medical and surgical attention. Splenic rupture permits large amounts of blood to leak ...
splen
SYN: spleen. [G. s., spleen] - s. accessorius [TA] SYN: accessory spleen.
splen-
See spleno-.
splenalgia
A rarely used term for a painful condition of the spleen. SYN: splenodynia. [ splen- + G. algos, pain]
Splendore
Alfonso, 20th century Italian physician. See S.- Hoeppli phenomenon, Lutz-S.- Almeida disease.
splenectomy
Removal of the spleen. [ splen- + G. ektome, excision]
splenectopia, splenectopy
1. Displacement of the spleen, as in a floating spleen. 2. The presence of rests of splenic tissue, usually in the region of the spleen. [ splen- + G. ektopos, out of place]
splenelcosis
Abscess of the spleen. [ splen- + G. helkosis, ulceration]
spleneolus
SYN: accessory spleen. [Mod. L. dim. of G. splen]
splenetic
1. SYN: splenic. 2. Fretfully surly.
splenial
1. Relating to the splenium. 2. Relating to a splenius muscle. [G. splenion, bandage]
splenic
Relating to the spleen. SYN: lienal, splenetic (1).
Splenic artery
A large artery within the abdomen that arises from an arterial vessel called the celiac trunk, which emerges from the aorta. The splenic artery supplies blood not only to the ...
Splenic fever
Known also as anthrax, splenic fever is a serious bacterial infection. It is not primarily a human disease but rather an infection of animals. Cattle, sheep, horses, mules, and ...
Splenic vein
A vein formed by the union of several small veins that return blood from the stomach, pancreas and spleen. The splenic vein is a major contributor to the portal vein which goes ...
spleniculus
SYN: accessory spleen. [Mod. L.]
spleniform
SYN: splenoid.
spleniserrate
Relating to the splenius and serratus muscles.
splenitis
Inflammation of the spleen. [ splen- + G. -itis, inflammation]
splenium
1. A compress or bandage. 2. [TA] A structure resembling a bandaged part. [Mod. L. fr. G. splenion, bandage] - s. corporis callosi [TA] SYN: s. of corpus callosum. - s. of ...
splenius
See s. muscle of head, s. muscle of neck. [Mod. L. fr. G. splenion, a bandage]
spleno-, splen-
The spleen. [G. splen]
splenocele
A splenic hernia. [spleno- + G. kele, tumor, hernia]
splenocleisis
Inducing the formation of new fibrous tissue on the surface of the spleen by friction or wrapping with gauze. [spleno- + G. kleisis, closure]
splenocolic
Relating to the spleen and the colon; denoting a ligament or fold of peritoneum passing between the two viscera.
splenodynia
SYN: splenalgia. [spleno- + G. odyne, pain]
splenohepatomegaly, splenohepatomegalia
Enlargement of both spleen and liver. [spleno- + G. hepar, liver, + megas, large]
splenoid
Resembling the spleen. SYN: spleniform. [spleno- + G. eidos, resemblance]
splenolymphatic
Relating to the spleen and the lymph node s.
splenoma
General nonspecific term for an enlarged spleen. [spleno- + G. -oma, tumor]
splenomalacia
Softening of the spleen. [spleno- + G. malakia, softness]
splenomedullary
SYN: splenomyelogenous. [spleno- + L. medulla, marrow]
Splenomegaly
Enlargement of the spleen.
splenomegaly, splenomegalia
Enlargement of the spleen. SYN: megalosplenia. [spleno- + G. megas (megal-), large] - congestive s. enlargement of the spleen due to passive congestion; sometimes used as a ...
splenomyelogenous
Originating in the spleen and bone marrow, denoting a form of leukemia. SYN: lienomedullary, lienomyelogenous, splenomedullary. [spleno- + G. myelos, marrow, + -gen, producing] ...
splenomyelomalacia
Pathologic softening of the spleen and bone marrow. [spleno- + G. myelos, marrow, + malakia, softness]
splenonephric
SYN: splenorenal. [spleno- + G. nephros, kidney]
splenopancreatic
Relating to the spleen and the pancreas. SYN: lienopancreatic.
splenopathy
Any disease of the spleen. [spleno- + G. pathos, suffering]
splenopexy, splenopexia
Suturing in place an ectopic or floating spleen. SYN: splenorrhaphy (2). [spleno- + G. pexis, fixation]
splenophrenic
Relating to the spleen and the diaphragm; denoting a ligament or fold of peritoneum extending between the two structures. [spleno- + G. phren, diaphragm]
splenoportogram
Radiographic record of the splenic and portal veins and their collaterals following direct injection of water-soluble contrast material into the spleen.
splenoportography
Introduction of radiopaque material into the spleen to obtain radiographic visualization of the splenic and main portal veins of the portal circulation. SYN: splenic portal ...
splenoptosis, splenoptosia
Downward displacement of the spleen, as in a floating spleen. [spleno- + G. ptosis, falling]
splenorenal
Relating to the spleen and the kidney; denoting a ligament or fold of peritoneum extending between the two structures. SYN: lienorenal, splenonephric.
splenorrhagia
Hemorrhage from a ruptured spleen. [spleno- + G. rhegnymi, to burst forth]
splenorrhaphy
1. Suturing a ruptured spleen. 2. SYN: splenopexy. [spleno- + G. rhaphe, suture]
splenosis
Implantation and subsequent growth of splenic tissue within the abdomen as a result of disruption of the spleen. - thoracic s. presense of splenic tissue in the thorax, ...
splenotomy
1. Anatomy or dissection of the spleen. 2. Surgical incision of the spleen. [spleno- + G. tome, incision]
splenotoxin
A cytotoxin specific for cells of the spleen. [spleno- + G. toxikon, poison]
splenule
SYN: accessory spleen. [Mod. L. splenulus]
splenulus
SYN: accessory spleen. [Mod. L. dim. of L. splen, spleen]
splenunculus
SYN: accessory spleen. [Mod. L. dim. of L. splen, spleen]
spliceosome
A specialized structure that participates in the removal of introns and resplicing of remaining exons of mRNA; in addition to the mRNA primary transcript, at least four small ...
splicing
1. Attachment of one DNA molecule to another. SYN: gene s.. 2. Removal of introns from mRNA precursors and the reattachment or annealing of exons. SYN: RNA s.. - alternative s. ...
Splicing, alternative DNA
Different ways of combining the DNA of a gene to create different variants of the complete protein product of that gene.
splint
1. An appliance for preventing movement of a joint or for the fixation of displaced or movable parts. 2. The s. bone, or fibula. [Middle Dutch splinte] - acid etch cemented s. a ...
splinting
1. Application of a splint or treatment using a splint. 2. In dentistry, the joining of two or more teeth into a rigid unit by means of fixed or removable restorations or ...
splints
Exostoses occurring along the course of the small metacarpal and metatarsal bones of the horse. See splint.
Split personality
Multiple personality disorder, a neurosis in which the personality becomes dissociated into two or more distinct parts each of which becomes dominant and controls behavior from ...
Split-hand/split-foot malformation
A genetic malformation syndrome of the limbs with syndactyly, median clefts of the hands and feet, and aplasia (failure of development) and/or hypoplasia (underdevelopment) of ...
splitting
In chemistry, the cleavage of a covalent bond, fragmenting the molecule involved.
spm
Abbreviation for a gene that leads to suppression and mutation of alleles that are unstable.
spodogenous
Caused by waste material. [G. spodos, ashes, + -gen, producing]
spodogram
The pattern of ash residue formed by microincineration of a minute tissue specimen, usually a thin section. [G. spodos, ashes, + gramma, a drawing]
spodography
SYN: microincineration. [G. spodos, ashes, + grapho, to write]
spodophorous
Removing or carrying off waste materials from the body. [G. spodos, ashes, + phoros, bearing]
spoke-shave
SYN: ring- knife.
spondaic
Relating to spondee.
spondee
A bisyllabic word with generally equivalent stress on each of the two syllables; used in the testing of speech hearing. [Fr.]
spondyl-
See spondylo-.
spondylalgia
Pain in the spine. [ spondyl- + G. algos, pain]
spondylarthritis
Inflammation of the intervertebral articulations. [ spondyl- + G. arthron, joint, + -itis, inflammation]
spondylitic
Relating to spondylitis.
spondylitis
Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae. [ spondyl- + G. -itis, inflammation] - ankylosing s. arthritis of the spine, resembling rheumatoid arthritis, that may progress to ...
spondylo-, spondyl-
The vertebrae. [G. spondylos, vertebra]
Spondylolisthesis
Forward movement of one building block of the spine (vertebra) in relation to an adjacent vertebra. * * * Forward movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the ...
spondylolisthetic
Relating to or marked by spondylolisthesis.
spondylolysis
Degeneration or deficient development of a portion of the vertebra; commonly involves the pars interarticularis, which can result in a spondylolithesis. [spondylo- + G. lysis, ...
spondylomalacia
Softening of vertebrae with multiple collapsed vertebral bodies. [spondylo- + G. malakia, softness]
spondylopathy
Any disease of the vertebrae or spinal column. [spondylo- + G. pathos, suffering]
spondyloptosis
SYN: spondylolisthesis. [spondylo- + G. ptosis, a falling]
spondylopyosis
Suppurative inflammation of one or more of the vertebral bodies. [spondylo- + G. pyosis, suppuration]
spondyloschisis
Embryologic failure of fusion of the vertebral arch. See spina bifida. [spondylo- + G. schisis, fissure]
spondylosis
Ankylosis of the vertebra; often applied nonspecifically to any lesion of the spine of a degenerative nature. [G. spondylos, vertebra] - cervical s. s. affecting the cervical ...
spondylosyndesis
SYN: spinal fusion. [spondylo- + G. syndesis, binding together]
spondylothoracic
Relating to the vertebra and the thorax.
spondylous
Relating to a vertebra.
sponge
1. Absorbent material, such as gauze or prepared cotton, used to absorb fluids. 2. A member of the phylum Porifera, the cellular endoskeleton of which is a source of ...
Sponge, vaginal contraceptive
A contraceptive device that is donut-shaped, made of plastic, contains a spermicide (nonoxynol-9) and is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix. A loop is provided to ease ...
spongia
SYN: sponge. [G.]
spongiform
SYN: spongy.
spongio-
Sponge, spongelike, spongy. [G. spongia]
spongioblast
A neuroepithelial, filiform ependymal cell extending across the entire thickness of the wall of the brain or spinal cord, i.e., from the internal to the external limiting ...
spongioblastoma
1. A glioma consisting of cells (elongated, spindle-shaped, and sometimes pleomorphic, with one or two fibrillary processes) that resemble the embryonic spongioblasts, ...
spongiocyte
1. A neuroglial cell. 2. A cell in the zona fasciculata of the adrenal containing many droplets of lipid material which, after staining with hematoxylin and eosin, show ...
spongioid
SYN: spongy. [ spongio- + G. eidos, resemblance]
spongiose
Resembling or characteristic of a sponge. [L. spongiosus]
spongiosis
Inflammatory intercellular edema of the epidermis.
spongiositis
Inflammation of the corpus spongiosum, or corpus cavernosum urethrae.
spongy
Of spongelike texture or appearance. SYN: spongiform, spongioid.
spontaneous
Without apparent cause; said of disease processes or remissions. [L. spontaneus, voluntary, capricious]
Spontaneous abortion
A miscarriage, that is, any pregnancy that is not viable (the fetus cannot survive) or in which the fetus is born before the 20th week of pregnancy. Spontaneous abortion occurs ...
spoon
An instrument with a handle and a small bowl- or cup-shaped extremity. [A.S. spon, chip] - cataract s. a small concave instrument for removing a cataractous lens. - Daviel s. ...
spor-
See sporo-.
Sporadic
Occurring upon occasion or in a scattered, isolated or seemingly random way. A disorder that is sporadic is by definition neither an endemic, an epidemic, nor a pandemic: {{}}An ...
sporadin
Gamont stage of a gregarine parasite after it has lost its epimerite or mucron.
sporangiophore
In fungi, a specialized hypha that bears a sporangium at its tip. [ sporangium + G. phoros, bearing]
sporangium
A saclike structure (a cell) within a fungus, in which asexual spores are borne by progressive cleavage. [L. fr. G. sporos, seed, + angeion, vessel]
spore
1. The asexual or sexual reproductive body of fungi or sporozoan protozoa. 2. A cell of a plant lower in organization than the seed-bearing spermatophytic plants. 3. A ...
sporicidal
Lethal to spores. [spori- + L. caedo, to kill]
sporicide
An agent that kills spores.
sporidium
A protozoan spore; an embryonic protozoan organism. [Mod. L. dim., fr. G. sporos, seed]
sporo-, spori-, spor-
Seed, spore. [G. sporos]
sporoagglutination
A diagnostic method in relation to the mycoses, based upon the fact that the blood of patients with diseases caused by fungi contains specific agglutinins that cause clumping of ...
sporoblast
An early stage in the development of a sporocyst prior to differentiation of the sporozoites. SEE ALSO: oocyst, sporocyst (2), pansporoblast. SYN: zygotomere. [sporo- + G. ...
sporocyst
1. A larval form of digenetic trematode ( fluke) that develops in the body of its molluscan intermediate host, usually a snail; the s. forms a simple saclike structure with ...
Sporocystinea
In older classification schemes, a suborder of Coccidia in which the sporoblasts develop sporocysts. [sporo + G. kystis, bladder]
sporodochium
In fungi, a cushion-shaped stroma covered with conidiophores.
sporogenesis
SYN: sporogony. [sporo- + G. genesis, production]
sporogenous
Relating to or involved in sporogony.
sporogeny
SYN: sporogony.
sporogony
The formation of sporozoites in sporozoan protozoa, a process of asexual division within the sporoblast, which becomes the sporocyst within an oocyst; follows fusion of ...
sporont
The zygote stage within the oocyst wall in the life cycle of coccidia; gives rise to sporoblasts, which form sporocysts, within which the infective sporozoites are produced. ...
sporophore
Any specialized hyphas in fungi that give rise to spores. [sporo- + G. phoros, bearing]
sporoplasm
The protoplasm of a spore. [sporo- + G. plasma, thing formed]
sporotheca
The envelope enclosing the minute needle-like spores of certain Sporozoea. [sporo- + G. theke, case]
Sporothrix
A genus of dimorphic imperfect fungi, including the species S. schenckii, an organism of worldwide distribution and the causative agent of sporotrichosis in humans and animals, ...
sporotrichosis
A chronic cutaneous mycosis spread by way of the lymphatics and caused by inoculation of Sporothrix schenckii, typically rare in tissue sections but rapidly growing in ...
Sporotrichum
A genus of imperfect fungi ( Hyphomycetes) that are usually common contaminants. [Mod. L. fr. G. sporos, seed, + thrix, hair]
sporozoan
1. An individual organism of the class Sporozoea. SYN: sporozoon. 2. Relating to the Sporozoea.
Sporozoasida
SYN: Sporozoea.
Sporozoea
A large class of protozoans (phylum Apicomplexa, subkingdom Protozoa) consisting of obligatory parasites with simple spores lacking polar filaments; cilia and flagella are ...
sporozoite
One of the minute elongated bodies resulting from the repeated division of the oocyst during sporogony. In the case of the malarial parasite, it is the form that is ...
sporozoon
SYN: sporozoan (1).
sport
An organism varying in whole or in part, without apparent reason, from others of its type; this variation may be transmitted to the descendants or the latter may revert to the ...
sporular
Relating to a spore or sporule.
sporulation
The process by which yeasts undergo meiosis, and the meiotic products are encased in spore coats.
sporule
A spore; a small spore. [Mod. L. sporula; dim. of G. sporos, seed]
spot
1. SYN: macula. 2. To lose a slight amount of blood through the vagina. - acoustic spots macula of utricle, macula of saccule. - Bitot spots small, circumscribed, lusterless, ...
Spot, blind
In ophthalmology, a blind spot is: {{}}A small area of the retina where the optic nerve enters the eye; this type of blind spot occurs normally in all eyes. Any gap in the ...
Spots in front of the eyes
Also known as "floaters", blurry spots that drift in front of the eyes but do not block vision. The blur is the result of debris from the vitreous casting a shadow on the ...
Spots, Brushfield’s
Speckled iris. Little white spots that slightly elevated on the surface of the iris and are arranged in a ring concentric with the pupil. These spots occur in normal children but ...
Spots, Koplik’s
Little spots inside the mouth that are highly characteristic of the early (prodromal) phase of measles (rubeola). The spots look like a tiny grains of white sand, each surrounded ...
Spotted fever
Also known as Rocky Mountain spotted fever. An acute febrile (feverish) disease initially recognized in the Rocky Mountain states, caused by Rickettsia rickettsii transmitted by ...
spp.
Abbreviation for plural of species.
sprain
1. An injury to a ligament as a result of abnormal or excessive forces applied to a joint, but without dislocation or fracture. 2. To cause a s. of a joint.
spray
A jet of liquid in fine drops, coarser than a vapor; it is produced by forcing the liquid from the minute opening of an atomizer, mixing it with air.
spreader
1. An instrument used to distribute a substance over a surface or area. 2. A device for spacing or parting structures. - gutta-percha s. an instrument used in dentistry for ...
Sprengel
Otto G.K., German surgeon, 1852–1915. See S. deformity.
sprout
A structure resembling the s. of a plant. - syncytial s. SYN: syncytial knot.
sprue
1. Primary intestinal malabsorption with steatorrhea. SYN: cachexia aphthosa. 2. In dentistry, wax or metal used to form the aperture(s) for molten metal to flow into a mold to ...
Sprue, nontropical
This condition results from an immune (allergic) reaction to gluten, a protein found in wheat and related grains and present in many foods that we eat. Sprue causes impaired ...
sprue-former
The base to which the sprue (2) is attached while the wax pattern is being invested in a refractory investment in a casting flask; it is sometimes referred to as a ...
spud
A triangular knife used for removing foreign bodies from the cornea.
Spumavirinae
Formerly a subfamily of viruses (family Retroviridae) that includes the foamy viruses (agents) of primates and other mammals; they are now placed in the genus Spumavirus. In ...
Spumavirus
A virus genus encompassing a poorly characterized group of retroviruses that cause vacuolation (foaming) of cultured cells; usually cause persistent but silent infections in ...
spur
SYN: calcar. [A.S. spora] - calcarine s. [TA] the lower of two elevations on the medial wall of the posterior horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain, caused by the depth of ...
Spur, heel
A bony spur projecting from the back or underside of the heel that often makes walking painful. Spurs at the back of the heel are associated with inflammation of the Achilles ...
spurious
False; not genuine. [L. spurius]
Sputum
: The mucus material from the lungs that a person coughs up. * * * 1. Expectorated matter, especially mucus or mucopurulent matter expectorated in diseases of the air passages. ...
SQ
Abbreviation for subcutaneous.
squalamine lactate
An antiangiogenic, noncytotoxic drug used to treat solid tumors.
squalene
A hexaisoprenoid (triterpenoid) hydrocarbon found in shark oil and in some plants; intermediate in the biosynthesis of cholesterol and other sterols and triterpenes. - s. ...
squama
1. A thin plate of bone. 2. An epidermal scale. SYN: squame. SYN: scale (2). [L. a scale] - frontal s. SYN: squamous part of occipital bone. - s. frontalis [TA] SYN: squamous ...
squamatization
Transformation of other types of cells into squamous cells.
squame
SYN: squama (2).
squamo-
Squama, squamous. [L. squama, a scale]
squamo-occipital
Relating to the squamous portion of the occipital bone, developing partly in membrane and partly in cartilage.

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