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Слова на букву spas-tawa (2629)

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supraversion
1. A turning (version) upward. 2. In dentistry, the position of a tooth when it is out of the line of occlusion in an occlusal direction; a deep overbite. 3. In ophthalmology, ...
suprofen
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with antipyretic and analgesic properties; similar to ibuprofen.
sural
Relating to the calf of the leg.
suralimentation
SYN: hyperalimentation. [Fr. sur, fr. L. super, above]
suramin sodium
A complex derivative of urea; used in the treatment of trypanosomiasis, onchocerciasis, and pemphigus.
surface
The outer part of any solid. SYN: face (2) [TA], facies (2) [TA]. [F. fr. L. superficius, see superficial] - acromial articular s. of clavicle SYN: acromial facet of ...
surface-active
Indicating the property of certain agents of altering the physicochemical nature of surfaces and interfaces, bringing about lowering of interfacial tension; they usually possess ...
Surfactant
A fluid secreted by the cells of the alveoli (the tiny air sacs in the lungs) that serves to reduce the surface tension of pulmonary fluids; surfactant contributes to the elastic ...
Surgeon
A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity by operative or manual methods. A medical doctor specialized in the removal of organs, masses and tumors and in doing other ...
Surgeon General
In the United States, the chief medical officer of the U.S. Public Health Service (USPS), the agency responsible for the public health of the American people. The Public Health ...
Surgery
: The word "surgery" has multiple meanings. It is the branch of medicine concerned with diseases and conditions which require or are amenable to operative procedures. Surgery is ...
Surgery, cataract
The clouded (cataractous) lens is best removed in its entirety by surgery and replaced with an intraocular lens (IOL) made of plastic, an operation that takes about an hour and ...
Surgery, elective
Surgery that is subject to choice (election). The choice may be made by the patient or doctor. For example, the time when a surgical procedure is performed may be elective. The ...
Surgery, plastic
: The field of surgery concerned with reducing scarring or disfigurement that may occur as a result of accidents, birth defects, or treatment for diseases, such as melanoma. ...
Surgery, retrograde intrarenal (RIRS)
Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) is a procedure for doing surgery within the kidney using a viewing tube called a fiberoptic endoscope. In RIRS the scope is placed through ...
Surgery, stereotactic
Surgery in which a system of three- dimensional coordinates is used to locate the site to be operated on. Stereotactic surgery is used in neurosurgery (and neurological ...
Surgery, video-assisted
Surgery that is aided by the use of a video camera that projects and enlarges the image on a television screen. Also called video-assisted resection.
Surgery, YAG laser
The use of a YAG (yttrium-aluminum-garnet) laser to do surgery. One use for a YAG laser in surgery is to punch a hole in the iris to relieve increased pressure within the eye ...
surgical
Relating to surgery.
Surgicenter
A facility for minor surgery done on an outpatient basis; a facility designed to serve patients who need surgical treatment exceeding the capabilities of the usual physician's ...
surrenal
SYN: suprarenal (1).
surrogate
1. A person who functions in another's life as a substitute for some third person such as a relative who assumes the nurturing and other responsibilities of the absent parent. 2. ...
surround
Milieu; environment. - acoustical s. SYN: sound field.
sursumduction
SYN: supraduction. [L. sursum, upward, + duco, pp. -ductus, to draw]
sursumversion
The act of rotating the eyes upward. [L. sursum, upward, + verto, pp. versus, to turn]
surveillance
1. The collection, collation, analysis, and dissemination of data; a type of observational study that involves continuous monitoring of disease occurrence within a population. 2. ...
survey
1. An investigation in which information is systematically collected but in which the experimental method is not used. 2. A comprehensive examination or group of examinations to ...
surveying
In dentistry, the procedure of locating and delineating the contour and position of the abutment teeth and associated structures before designing a removable partial denture.
surveyor
In dentistry, the instrument used in surveying.
survival
Continued existence; persistence of life.
susceptibility
1. Likelihood of an individual to develop ill effects from an external agent, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, high altitude, or ambient temperature. 2. In magnetic ...
Susceptibility genes, breast cancer
Inherited factors that predispose to breast cancer. Put otherwise, these genes make one more susceptible to the disease and so increase the risk of developing breast cancer. ...
suspension
1. A temporary interruption of any function. 2. A hanging from a support, as used in the treatment of spinal curvatures or during the application of a plaster jacket. 3. ...
suspensoid
A colloidal solution in which the dispersed particles are solid and lyophobe or hydrophobe and are therefore sharply demarcated from the fluid in which they are suspended. SYN: ...
suspensory
1. Suspending; supporting; denoting a ligament, a muscle, or other structure that keeps an organ or other part in place. 2. A supporter applied to uplift a dependent part, such ...
sustentacular
Relating to a sustentaculum; supporting.
sustentaculum
A structure that serves as a stay or support to another. [L. a prop, fr. sustento, to hold upright] - s. lienis SYN: phrenicosplenic ligament. - s. tali support of the talus, a ...
susurrus
SYN: murmur (1). [L.] - s. aurium murmur in the ear.
Sutter blood group
See Blood Groups appendix.
Sutton
Richard L., U.S. dermatologist, 1878–1952. See S. nevus. Richard L., Jr., U.S. dermatologist, *1908. See S. disease, S. ulcer.
sutura
SYN: suture (1). [L. a sewing, a suture, fr. suo, pp. sutus, to sew] - s. coronalis [TA] SYN: coronal suture. - suturae cranii [TA] SYN: cranial sutures, under suture. - s. ...
sutural
Relating to a suture in any sense.
Suture
The word "suture" has several uses in medicine, including: {{}}Cranial suture — A type of joint between the bones of the skull where the bones are held tightly together by ...
suturectomy
Removal of cranial suture.
suxamethonium
SYN: succinylcholine.
Suzanne
Jean G., French physician, *1859. See S. gland.
SV
Abbreviation for simian virus, numbered serially; e.g., SV1.
Sv
Abbreviation for sievert.
SV40
Symbol for simian vacuolating virus No. 40.
Svedberg
Theodor, Swedish chemist and Nobel laureate, 1884–1971. See S. equation, S. of flotation, S. unit.
Svedberg of flotation
SYN: flotation constant.
swab
A wad of cotton, gauze, or other absorbent material attached to the end of a stick or clamp, used for applying or removing a substance from a surface.
swage
1. To fuse suture thread to suture needles. 2. To shape metal by hammering or adapting it onto a die, often by using a counterdie. [Old F. souage]
swallow
To pass anything through the fauces, pharynx, and esophagus into the stomach; to perform deglutition. [A.S. swelgan] - Gastrografin s. esophagram or upper GI series using ...
Swallowing syncope
The temporary loss of consciousness upon swallowing. Syncope is the temporary loss of consciousness or, in plain English, fainting. The situations that trigger this reaction ...
Swan
Harold James C., U.S. cardiologist, *1922. See S.- Ganz catheter.
Swan-Ganz catheter
A thin, flexible tube that is inserted through one of the large veins (the inferior or superior vena cava) that return blood to the heart. The catheter is flow-directed. It uses ...
swarming
A progressive spreading by motile bacteria over the surface of a solid medium. [A.S. swearm]
Sweat
A colorless transparent acidic fluid with a distinctive odor secreted by the small tubular sudoriferous (sweat) glands situated within the skin and under it in the subcutaneous ...
Sweat chloride test
A simple test used to evaluate a patient who is suspected of having cystic fibrosis (CF). The goal of the test is to painlessly stimulate the patient’s skin to produce a large ...
Sweat gland
The sweat (sudoriferous) glands are small tubular structures situated within and under the skin (in the subcutaneous tissue). They discharge sweat by tiny openings in the surface ...
Sweat gland tumor
1. A benign (harmless) skin tumor called a syringoma that derives from cells related to sweat glands. (These particular specialized cells are scientifically referred to as ...
Sweat test
A simple test used to evaluate a patient who is suspected of having cystic fibrosis (CF). The goal of the test is to painlessly stimulate the patient’s skin to produce a large ...
Sweating
The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. These are small tubular glands situated within and under the skin (in the subcutaneous tissue). They ...
Sweating, gustatory
Sweating on the forehead, face, scalp, and neck occurring soon after ingesting food. Some gustatory sweating is normal after eating hot, spicy foods. Otherwise, gustatory sweating ...
Sweats, night
Severe hot flashes which occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. Night sweats have many possible causes, including medications, infections, and cancers.
sweep
The travel of the beam of a cathode ray oscilloscope from left to right, representing the time axis, produced by an artificially generated sawtooth voltage.
Sweet
Robert Douglas, 20th century English dermatologist. See S. disease. See Gordon and S. stain.
swelling
1. An enlargement, e.g., a protuberance or tumor. 2. In embryology, a primordial elevation that develops into a fold, ridge, or prominence. - albuminous s. SYN: cloudy s.. - ...
Swimmer’s ear
Infection of the skin covering the outer ear canal that leads in to the ear drum, usually due to bacteria such as streptococcus, staphylococcus, or pseudomonas. ...
Swimming pool granuloma
Localized nodular skin inflammation (small reddish raised areas of skin) caused by a bacterium called mycobacterium marinum. Swimming pool granuloma is typically acquired by ...
switching
1. Making a shift or exchange. 2. The movement of a defined region of DNA within a genome. - class s. a change in the expression of the C region of an immunoglobulin heavy ...
Swyer
Paul R., U.S. pediatrician, *1921. See S.-James syndrome, S.-James-MacLeod syndrome.
sycosis
A pustular folliculitis, particularly of the bearded area. [G. sykosis, fr. sykon, fig, + -osis, condition]
Sydenham
Thomas, English physician, 1624–1689. See S. chorea, S. disease.
Sydney crease
See under crease.
Sydney line
See under line.
syllable-stumbling
A form of stuttering in which halting occurs at certain syllables that are difficult for the individual to enunciate. SYN: dyssyllabia. [L. syllabe, several letters or sounds ...
sylvatic
Occurring in or affecting wild animals. [L. silva, woods]
Sylvest
Ejnar, Norwegian physician, 1880–1931. See S. disease.
sylvian
Relating to Franciscus or Jacobus Sylvius or to any of the structures described by either of them.
Sylvius
Jacobus (Jacques), French anatomist, 1478–1555. See caro quadrata sylvii, os sylvii. Le Böe, Franciscus (François), Dutch physician, anatomist, and physiologist, 1614–1672. ...
Sylvius, aqueduct of
A canal that communicates between the third and fourth ventricles in a system of four communicating cavities within the brain that are continuous with the central canal of the ...
sym-
See syn-.
symballophone
A stethoscope having two chest pieces, designed to lateralize sound and produce a stereophonic effect. [G. symballo, to throw together, + phone, sound]
symbion, symbiont
An organism associated with another in symbiosis. SYN: mutualist, symbiote. [G. s., neut. of symbios, living together]
symbiosis
1. The biological association of two or more species to their mutual benefit. Cf.:commensalism, mutualistic s., parasitism. 2. The mutual cooperation or interdependence of two ...
symbiote
SYN: symbion.
symbiotic
Relating to symbiosis.
symblepharon
Adhesion of one or both eyelids to the eyeball, partial or complete, resulting from burns or other trauma but rarely congenital. SYN: atretoblepharia. [ sym- + G. blepharon, ...
symbol
1. A conventional sign serving as an abbreviation. 2. In chemistry, an abbreviation of the name of an element, radical, or compound, expressing in chemical formulas one atom or ...
symbolia
The capability of recognizing the form and nature of an object by touch. [G. symbolon, a mark or sign]
symbolism
1. In psychoanalysis, the process involved in the disguised representation in consciousness of unconscious or repressed contents or events. 2. A mental state in which a person ...
symbolization
An unconscious mental mechanism whereby one object or idea is represented by another.
symbrachydactyly
Condition in which abnormally short fingers are joined or webbed in their proximal portions. [ sym- + G. brachys, short, + daktylos, finger]
Syme
James, Scottish surgeon, 1799–1870. See S. amputation, S. operation.
Symington
Johnson, Scottish anatomist, 1851–1924. See S. anococcygeal body.
symmelia
SYN: sirenomelia. [ sym- + G. melos, limb]
Symmers
W. St. C., British pathologist, 1863–1937. See S. clay pipestem fibrosis.
Symmetric lipomatosis, multiple
A disorder characterized by painless symmetrical diffuse deposits of fat beneath the skin of the neck, upper trunk, arms and legs. The condition is thought to be genetic although ...
symmetry
Equality or correspondence in form of parts distributed around a center or an axis, at the extremities or poles, or on the opposite sides of any body. [G. symmetria, fr. sym- + ...
sympath-, sympatheto-, sympathico-, sympatho-
The sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system. [see sympathetic]
sympathectomy
Excision of a segment of a sympathetic nerve or of one or more sympathetic ganglia. SYN: sympathetectomy, sympathicectomy. [sympath- + G. ektome, excision] - chemical s. ...
sympathetectomy
SYN: sympathectomy.
sympathetic
1. Relating to or exhibiting sympathy. 2. Denoting the s. part of the autonomic nervous system. SYN: sympathic. [G. sympathetikos, fr. sympatheo, to feel with, sympathize, fr. ...
Sympathetic nervous system
A part of the nervous system that serves to accelerate the heart rate, constrict blood vessels, and raise blood pressure. The sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic ...
sympathetoblast
SYN: sympathoblast.
sympathic
SYN: sympathetic.
sympathicectomy
SYN: sympathectomy.
sympathico-
See sympath-.
sympathicoblast
SYN: sympathoblast.
Sympathicoblastoma
A childhood tumor, better known today as neuroblastoma, that arises in the adrenal gland or in tissue in the nervous system that is related to the adrenal gland. Neuroblastoma ...
sympathiconeuritis
Inflammation of the autonomic nerves.
sympathicopathy
A disease resulting from a disorder of the autonomic nervous system. [ sympathico- + G. pathos, suffering]
sympathicotonia
A condition in which there is increased tonus of the sympathetic system and a marked tendency to vascular spasm and high blood pressure; opposed to vagotonia. [ sympathico- + G. ...
sympathicotonic
Relating to or characterized by sympathicotonia.
sympathicotripsy
Operation of crushing the sympathetic ganglion. [ sympathico- + G. tripsis, a rubbing]
sympathin
The substance diffusing into circulation from sympathetic nerve terminals when they are active. The term was introduced by W.B. Cannon, who thought that this substance differed ...
sympathism
SYN: suggestibility. [G. sympatheia, sympathy]
sympathizer
1. An eye affected with sympathetic ophthalmia. 2. One who exhibits sympathy.
sympatho-
See sympath-.
sympathoadrenal
Relating to the sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system and the medulla of the adrenal gland, as the postganglionic neurons.
sympathoblast
A primitive cell derived from the neural crest glia; with the pheochromoblasts, sympathoblasts enter into the formation of the adrenal medulla and sympathetic ganglia. SYN: ...
sympathogonia
The completely undifferentiated cells of the sympathetic nervous system. [ sympatho- + G. gone, seed]
sympatholytic
Denoting antagonism to or inhibition of adrenergic nerve activity. SEE ALSO: adrenergic blocking agent, antiadrenergic. [ sympatho- + G. lysis, a loosening]
sympathomimetic
Denoting mimicking of action of the sympathetic system. SEE ALSO: adrenomimetic. [ sympatho- + G. mimikos, imitating]
sympathy
1. The mutual relation, physiologic or pathologic, between two organs, systems, or parts of the body. 2. Mental contagion, as seen in mass hysteria or in the yawning induced by ...
symperitoneal
Relating to the surgical induction of adhesion between two portions of the peritoneum.
symphalangism, symphalangy
1. SYN: syndactyly. 2. Ankylosis of the finger or toe joints. [ sym- + phalanx]
symphysial, symphyseal
Grown together; relating to a symphysis; fused. SYN: symphysic.
symphysic
SYN: symphysial.
symphysion
A craniometric point, the most anterior point of the alveolar process of the mandible.
symphysiotome, symphyseotome
Instrument for use in symphysiotomy.
Symphysiotomy
A surgical procedure to effect an immediate dramatic increase in the size of the pelvic outlet to permit delivery of a baby. The cartilage of the symphysis pubis (where the ...
symphysiotomy, symphyseotomy
Division of the pubic joint to increase the capacity of a contracted pelvis sufficiently to permit passage of a living child. SYN: synchondrotomy. [ symphysis + G. tome, ...
symphysis
1. [NA] Form of cartilaginous joint in which union between two bones is effected by means of fibrocartilage. SYN: amphiarthrosis. 2. A union, meeting point, or commissure of ...
Symphysis pubis
The area in the front of the pelvis where the pubic bones (the two bones of the pubis) meet.
symplasmatic
Relating to the union of protoplasm as in giant cell formation. [G. sym- plasso, to mold together]
symplast
A multinucleated cell that has formed by fusion of separate cells. [ sym- + G. plastos, formed]
sympodia
Condition characterized by union of the feet. SEE ALSO: sirenomelia, sympus. [ sym- + G. pous, foot]
symport
Coupled transport of two different molecules or ions through a membrane in the same direction by a common carrier mechanism (symporter). Cf.:antiport, uniport. [ sym- + L. porto, ...
symporter
The protein responsible for mediating symport.
Symptom
Any abnormal change in appearance, sensation, or function experienced by a patient that indicates a disease process. * * * Any morbid phenomenon or departure from the normal in ...
Symptomatic
1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic, as behavior symptomatic of Huntington disease. 3 Directed at the symptoms, as symptomatic treatment. * * ...
Symptomatic treatment
Therapy that eases the symptoms without addressing the basic cause of the disease. For example, symptomatic treatment of advanced lung cancer that has spread (metastasized) beyond ...
symptomatology
1. The science of the symptoms of disease, their production, and the indications they furnish. 2. The aggregate of symptoms of a disease. [symptom + G. logos, study]
symptomatolytic
Removing symptoms. SYN: symptomolytic. [symptom + G. lytikos, dissolving]
symptomolytic
SYN: symptomatolytic.
Symptoms, withdrawal
Abnormal physical or psychological features that follow the abrupt discontinuation of a drug that has the capability of producing physical dependence. Common withdrawal symptoms ...
symptosis
A localized or general wasting of the body. [G. a falling together, collapse, fr. syn, together, + ptosis, a falling]
sympus
An individual in which the legs and feet are united in the midline. [G. sympous, fr. sym- + pous, foot] - s. apus a sirenomelus without feet. - s. dipus a sirenomelus with both ...
Syms
Parker, U.S. surgeon, 1860–1933. See S. tractor.
syn-
Together, with, joined; appears as sym- before b, p, ph, or m; corresponds to L. con-. [G. syn, with, together]
synadelphus
Conjoined twins with single head, partially united trunk, and four upper and four lower limbs. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ syn- + G. adelphos, brother]
synanamorph
The same fungal species growing in a different form.
synanastomosis
An anastomosis between several blood vessel s.
synandrogenic
Relating to any agent or condition that enhances the effects of androgens.
synanthem, synanthema
An exanthem consisting of several different forms of eruption. [G. syn- antheo, to blossom together]
synaphoceptors
Receptors stimulated by direct contact. [G. synaphe, contact, + L. recipio, to receive]
Synapse
The point of connection usually between two nerve cells. Specifically, a synapse is a specialized junction at which a nerve cell (a neuron) communicates with a target cell. The ...
synapsin I
A fibrous phosphoprotein that links synaptic vesicles together in the axon terminal; synapsin I is a substrate for certain kinases; phosphorylation of synapsin I allows ...
synapsis
The point-for-point pairing of homologous chromosomes during the prophase of meiosis. SYN: synaptic phase. [G. a connection, junction]
synaptic
1. Relating to a synapse. 2. Relating to synapsis.
synaptology
Study of the synapse.
synaptophysin
An integral membrane protein found in many types of active neurons; believed to form a hexamer that forms an ion channel and is involved in the uptake of neurotransmitters; s. ...
synaptosome
Membrane-bound sac containing synaptic vesicles that breaks away from axon terminals when brain tissue is homogenized under controlled conditions; such particles can be ...
synarthrodia
SYN: fibrous joint.
synarthrodial
Relating to synarthrosis; denoting an articulation without a joint cavity.
synarthrophysis
The process of ankylosis. [ syn- + G. arthron, joint, + physis, growth]
synarthrosis
An immovable or nearly immovable union of rigid components of the skeletal system, including fibrous joints, cartilaginous joints, and bony unions (synostoses). See ...
syncanthus
Adhesion of the eyeball to orbital structures. [ syn- + L. canthus, wheel]
syncaryon
SYN: synkaryon.
syncephalus
Conjoined twins having a single head with two bodies. See conjoined twins, under twin. Cf.:craniopagus, janiceps. SYN: monocephalus, monocranius. [ syn- + G. kephale, head] - ...
syncephaly
The condition exhibited by a syncephalus. SYN: prozygosis.
syncheilia
A more or less complete adhesion of the lips; atresia of the mouth. SYN: synchilia. [ syn- + G. cheilos, lip]
syncheiria
A form of dyscheiria in which the subject refers a stimulus applied to one side of the body to both sides. SYN: synchiria. [ syn- + G. cheir, hand]
synchilia
SYN: syncheilia.
synchiria
SYN: syncheiria.
synchondroseotomy
Operation of cutting through a synchondrosis; specifically, cutting through the sacroiliac ligaments and forcibly closing the arch of the pubes; used in the treatment of ...
synchondrosis
Cartilaginous joint in which two bones are united either by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage. SYN: synchondrodial joint [TA]. [Mod. L. fr. G. syn, together, + chondros, ...
synchondrotomy
SYN: symphysiotomy.
synchorial
Relating to fused chorions as are found in multiple-fetus pregnancies. [ syn- + chorion]
synchronia
1. SYN: synchronism. 2. Origin, development, involution, or functioning of tissues or organs at the usual time for such an event. Cf.:heterochronia. [ syn- + G. chronos, time] ...
synchronic
Referring to the study of the natural history of a disease by its state and distribution in a population at one time. The inferences about longitudinal course from such a study ...
Synchronic study
A study done at a single point in time rather than over the course of a period of time (longitudinally).
synchronism
Occurrence of two or more events at the same time; the condition of being simultaneous. SYN: synchronia (1). [ syn- + G. chronos, time]
synchronous
Occurring simultaneously. SYN: homochronous (1). [G. synchronos]
synchrony
The simultaneous appearance of two separate events. [ syn- + G. chronos, time] - bilateral s. electroencephalographic activity that is recorded over both hemispheres ...
synchrotron
A machine for generating high speed electrons or protons, as for nuclear studies.
synchysis
Collapse of the collagenous framework of the vitreous humor, with liquefaction of the vitreous body. [G. a mixing together, fr. syn- + chysis, a pouring] - s. scintillans ...
syncinesis
SYN: synkinesis.
synclinal
Denoting two structures inclined one toward the other. [G. syn- klino, to incline together]
synclitic
Relating to or marked by synclitism.
synclitism
Condition of parallelism between the planes of the fetal head and of the pelvis, respectively. [G. syn-klino, to incline together]
syncopal
Relating to syncope. SYN: syncopic.
syncope
Loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished cerebral blood flow. [G. synkope, a cutting short, a swoon] - Adams- Stokes s. s. due to complete AV block. SYN: ...
Syncope (fainting)
Partial or complete loss of consciousness with interruption of awareness of oneself and ones surroundings. When the loss of consciousness is temporary and there is spontaneous ...
Syncope, coughing
The temporary loss of consciousness upon coughing. Syncope is the temporary loss of consciousness or, in plain English, fainting. The situations that trigger this reaction are ...
Syncope, defecation
The temporary loss of consciousness upon defecating (having a bowel movement). Syncope is the temporary loss of consciousness or, in plain English, fainting. The situations ...
Syncope, heat
Sudden dizziness or fainting experienced after exercising in the heat. The skin appears pale and sweaty but is generally moist and cool. The pulse may be weakened, and the heart ...
Syncope, micturition
The temporary loss of consciousness upon urinating. (Syncope is the temporary loss of consciousness or, in plain English, fainting). The situations that trigger this reaction ...
Syncope, situational
The temporary loss of consciousness in a particular kind of situation. The situations that trigger this reaction are diverse, and include having blood drawn, straining while ...
Syncope, swallowing
The temporary loss of consciousness upon swallowing. Syncope is the temporary loss of consciousness or, in plain English, fainting. The situations that trigger this reaction ...
Syncope, vasodepressor
The temporary loss of consciousness in a particular kind of situation. (Syncope is temporary loss of consciousness or, in plain English, fainting). The situations that trigger ...
Syncope, vasovagal
The temporary loss of consciousness in a particular kind of situation. (Syncope is temporary loss of consciousness or, in plain English, fainting). The situations that trigger ...
syncopic
SYN: syncopal.
syncretio
Development of adhesion between inflamed opposing surfaces. [Mod. L., fr. G. synkretizo, to unite the Cretan cities, reanalyzed as fr. syn- + L. cresco, pp. cretum, to grow]
syncyanin
A blue pigment produced by Pseudomonas syncyanea.
syncytial
Relating to a syncytium.
syncytiotrophoblast
The syncytial outer layer of the trophoblast; site of synthesis of human chorionic gonadotropin. SEE ALSO: trophoblast. SYN: placental plasmodium, plasmodial trophoblast, ...
syncytium
A multinucleated protoplasmic mass formed by the secondary union of originally separate cells. [Mod. L. fr. syn- + G. kytos, cell]
syndactyl, syndactyle
SYN: syndactylous.
syndactylous
Having fused or webbed fingers or toes. SYN: syndactyl, syndactyle.
Syndactyly
A condition in which two or more of the fingers or toes are joined together. This joining can involve the bones or just the skin between the digits. Joining of the bones is called ...
Syndactyly, bony
A condition in which the bones of fingers or toes are joined together. Bony syndactyly is the opposite of cutaneous syndactyly, in which the bones are normal but skin between ...
Syndactyly, complete
A condition in which fingers or toes are completely joined together, with the connection extending from the base to the tip of the involved digits. Complete syndactyly is the ...
Syndactyly, cutaneous
A condition in which fingers or toes are joined together, and the joining involves only the skin, not the bones. Cutaneous syndactyly is the opposite of bony syndactyly, in ...
Syndactyly, partial
A condition in which fingers or toes are partially joined together. Syndactyly can involve the bones or just the skin. With partial syndactyly, the connection extends from the ...
Syndactyly, Poland
A unique pattern of one- sided malformations characterized by a defect of the chest (pectoralis) muscle on one side of the body and webbing of the fingers (cutaneous syndactyly) ...
Syndecan
One of a family of core proteins with sugars attached to the cell surfaces that control or influence tissue repair, metabolism, the formation of tumors and the development of ...
syndein
SYN: ankyrin. [G. syndeo, to bind together, + -in]
syndesm-
See syndesmo-.
syndesmectomy
Cutting away a section of a ligament. [ syndesm- + G. ektome, excision]
syndesmitis
Inflammation of a ligament. [ syndesm- + G. -itis, inflammation] - s. metatarsea inflammation of the metatarsal ligaments.
syndesmo-, syndesm-
Ligament, ligamentous. [G. syndesmos, a fastening, fr. syndeo, to bind]
syndesmochorial
Relating to the placenta in ruminant animals. [syndesmo- + G. chorion, membrane]
syndesmodial
SYN: syndesmotic.
syndesmography
A treatise on or description of the ligaments. [syndesmo- + G. grapho, to write]
syndesmologia
SYN: arthrology.
syndesmology
SYN: arthrology. [syndesmo- + G. logos, study]
syndesmophyte
An osseous excrescence attached to a ligament. [syndesmo- + G. phyton, plant]
syndesmosis
A form of fibrous joint in which opposing surfaces that are relatively far apart are united by ligaments; e.g., the union of the styloid process of the temporal bone and the ...
syndesmotic
Relating to syndesmosis. SYN: syndesmodial.
Syndromatic hepatic ductular hypoplasia
Also called Alagille syndrome or arteriohepatic dysplasia, this is a genetic disorder characterized by jaundice in the newborn period, liver disease with cholestasis, ...
syndrome
The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, and constituting together the picture of the disease. SEE ALSO: disease. [G. s., a running together, ...
Syndrome of ichthyosis, spasticity, & oligophrenia
Also known as the Sjogren-Larsson syndrome, this is a genetic (inherited) disease characterized by a triad of clinical findings consisting of ichthyosis (thickened fish-like ...
Syndrome premenstrual
A combination of physical and mood disturbances that occur after ovulation and normally end with the onset of the menstrual flow. Premenstrual syndrome is believed to be a ...
Syndrome, 4p-
The 4p- syndrome or Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, is a chromosome disorder due to partial deletion of the short (p) arm of chromosome 4. It is, therefore, also called the 4p- ...
Syndrome, Aarskog-Scott
This disorder is characterized by multiple birth defects including wide spaced eyes (ocular hypertelorism), front-facing (anteverted) nostrils, a broad upper lip, a malformed ...
Syndrome, Aase-Smith I
A syndrome of congenital malformations (birth defects) characterized by hydrocephalus, cleft palate, and severe arthrogryposis (joint contractures). Other anomalies may include ...
Syndrome, Aase-Smith II
A genetic disorder that may be detected during early infancy and is characterized by the presence of three bones (phalanges) within the thumbs (triphalangeal thumbs) rather than ...
Syndrome, abdominal muscle deficiency
Partial or complete absence of the abdominal muscles so that the outlines of the intestines are visible through the thin, lax, protruding abdominal wall. Also called the " prune ...
Syndrome, Achoo
A disorder characterized by nearly uncontrollable paroxysms of sneezing provoked in a reflex fashion by the sudden exposure of a dark-adapted subject to intensely bright light, ...
Syndrome, Alagille
Also known as arteriohepatic dysplasia, this is a genetic disorder characterized by jaundice in the newborn period, liver disease with cholestasis, peripheral pulmonic stenosis ...
Syndrome, Alexander
A slowly progressive and ultimately fatal brain disorder that most commonly occurs in children. The infantile form of the disease is characterized by megalencephaly (an ...
Syndrome, Alpers
A progressive disease of the nervous system characterized by spasticity (tightness), myoclonus and dementia and by liver problems with jaundice and cirrhosis. This disorder, ...
Syndrome, Alport
An hereditary condition characterized by kidney disease, sensorineural (nerve) deafness and sometimes eye defects. The classic disorder as described by Alport in 1927 is ...
Syndrome, androgen insensitivity
Also known as complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. This is a genetic disorder that makes XY fetuses insensitive (unresponsive) to androgens (male hormones). Instead, they ...
Syndrome, antiphospholipid antibody
An immune disorder characterized by the presence of abnormal antibodies in the blood associated with abnormal blood clotting, migraine headaches, recurrent pregnancy losses ...
Syndrome, Apert (acrocephalosyndactyly)
An inherited disorder with abnormalities of the skull and face and the hands and feet. There is premature closure of the sutures of the skull (craniosynostosis). This results in ...
Syndrome, Asperger
A pervasive developmental disorder characterized by an inability to understand how to interact socially. Other typical features of the syndrome include clumsy and uncoordinated ...
Syndrome, atypical measles (AMS)
An altered expression of measles, AMS begins suddenly with high fever, headache, cough, and abdominal pain. The rash may appear 1 to 2 days later, often beginning on the limbs. ...
Syndrome, autoimmune polyendocrinopathy
A genetic autoimmune disease with an extraordinary array of clinical features but characterized most often by at least 2 of the following 3 findings: hypoparathyroidism — ...
Syndrome, autoimmune polyglandular (APS)
A genetic autoimmune disease with an extraordinary array of clinical features but characterized most often by at least 2 of the following 3 findings: hypoparathyroidism — ...
Syndrome, Barlow
Barlow syndrome is mitral valve prolapse (also known as "click murmur syndrome"), the most common heart valve abnormality, affecting 5-10% of the world population. ...
Syndrome, battered child
A disease in which children are physically abused. The battered child syndrome is a form of child abuse. Not until the 19th century were children granted the same legal status ...
Syndrome, Behcet's
Behcet's syndrome is classically characterized by a triad of features, namely, ulcers in the mouth, ulcers of the genitalia and uveitis. The ulcers of the mouth and genitalia ...
Syndrome, Bernard
A complex of abnormal findings, namely sinking in of one eyeball, ipsilateral ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid on the same side) and miosis (constriction of the pupil of ...
Syndrome, Bernard-Soulier (giant platelet syndrome)
This is a primary problem of platelets in which the platelets lack the ability to stick adequately to injured blood vessel walls. As a result of this problem there is abnormal ...
Syndrome, Bloch-Sulzberger
Also known as incontinentia pigmenti (IP). A genetic disease with blisters that develop soon after birth on the trunk and limbs, then heal, but leave dark (hyperpigmented) ...
Syndrome, Brachmann-de Lange
A relatively common birth defect syndrome, also known as the de Lange syndrome, with multiple malformations and mental retardation of unknown origin. The syndrome is recognized ...
Syndrome, Brown
An ophthalmology (eye) problem. Brown syndrome is an abnormality that is present at birth (congenitally) and is characterized by an inability to elevate the eyeball when trying ...
Syndrome, carcinoid
A syndrome due to carcinoid tumor which secretes large amounts of the hormone serotonin. The syndrome is directly due to the serotonin. Features include flushing and blushing, ...
Syndrome, carpal tunnel
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a type of compression neuropathy caused by compression and irritation of the median nerve in the wrist. The nerve is compressed within the carpal ...

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