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Слова на букву taxa-ulce (2629)

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tumefy
To swell or to cause to swell.
tumentia
SYN: tumefaction (1). [L. fr. tumeo, to swell]
Tumeric
A spice with anti-inflammatory effects. The active ingredient is curcumin, which has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Tumeric is a common ingredient in curry ...
tumescence
The condition of being or becoming tumid. SYN: tumefaction (2), turgescence. [L. tumesco, to begin to swell]
Tumescent
Swelling; slightly tumid (swollen). For example, tumescent liposuction involves pumping a solution beneath the skin which swells it to facilitate suctioning out fat. For ...
Tumescent liposuction
The surgical suctioning of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the most common being the abdomen (the "tummy"), buttocks ("behind"), hips, thighs and knees, chin, upper ...
tumid
Swollen, as by congestion, edema, hyperemia. SYN: turgid. [L. tumidus]
tumor
1. Any swelling or tumefaction. 2. SYN: neoplasm. 3. One of the four signs of inflammation (t., calor, dolor, rubor) enunciated by Celsus. [L. t., a swelling] - acinar cell ...
Tumor marker, CEA
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a protein found in many types of cells but associated with tumors and the developing fetus. CEA is tested in blood. The normal range is Benign ...
Tumor marker, NSE
Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) is a substance that has been detected in patients with certain tumors, namely: neuroblastoma, small cell lung cancer, medullary thyroid cancer, ...
Tumor registry
Recorded information about the status of patients with tumors. Although a registry was originally the place (like Registry House in Edinburgh) where information was collected ...
Tumor, carcinoid
A tumor which secretes large amounts of the hormone serotonin. Another name for carcinoid tumor is argentaffinoma. The tumor usually arises in the gastrointestinal tract, ...
Tumor, desmoid
Desmoid tumors are benign soft tissue tumors that occur most often in young adults and involve the limbs or trunk but can also arise in the abdomen or thorax. Desmoid tumors are ...
Tumor, ear
Benign (noncancerous) bumps on the pinna of the ear (the external ear) or within the external ear canal. Most of these lumps and bumps are just harmless sebaceous cysts. ...
Tumor, Wilms
A malignant tumor of the kidney in young children. It is also known as nephroblastoma. Wilms tumor is the most common kidney cancer in children and one the most important ...
tumoricidal
Denoting an agent destructive to tumors. [tumor + L. caedo, to kill]
tumorigenesis
Production of a new growth or growths. [tumor + G. genesis, origin] - foreign body t. induction of malignant tumors in tissues by nonviable, nonabsorable solid material not ...
tumorigenic
Causing or producing tumors.
tumorlets
Minute foci of atypical bronchiolar epithelial hyperplasia that are found multifocally; although now considered benign, they were once believed to be precursors of carcinoma.
tumorous
Swollen; tumorlike; protuberant.
tumultus cordis
Palpitation and irregular action of the heart.
TUNEL
Abbreviation for terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin end labeling of fragmented DNA; this method uses immunohistochemistry to identify DNA fragmentation ...
Tunga penetrans
A member of the flea family, Tungidae, commonly known as chigger flea, sand flea, chigoe, or jigger; the minute female penetrates the skin, frequently under the toenails; ...
tungiasis
Infestation with sand fleas (Tunga penetrans).
Tungidae
A family of fleas containing the jigger or chigoe flea species, Tunga penetrans.
tungstate
An anionic form of tungsten. - calcium t. a phosphor with a high stopping power for x-rays that was formerly used widely in fluoroscopic screens and intensifying screens for ...
tungsten
A metallic element, atomic no. 74, atomic wt. 183.85. SYN: wolfram, wolframium. [Swed. tung, heavy, + sten, stone] - t. carbide one of the hardest known materials, used as an ...
tunic
Coat or covering; one of the enveloping layers of a part, especially one of the coats of a blood vessel or other tubular structure. SEE ALSO: layer. SYN: tunica. [L. tunica] - ...
tunica
SYN: tunic. [L. a coat] - t. adventitia SYN: adventitia. - t. albuginea a dense white collagenous tunic surrounding a structure. - t. albuginea of corpora cavernosa [TA] ...
Tunica albuginea
The whitish membrane within the penis that surrounds the spongy chambers (corpora cavernosa) in the penis and which helps to trap the blood in the corpora cavernosa, thereby ...
Tunica albuginea of the testis
The layer of dense whitish inelastic tissue that surrounds the testis.
tunnel
An elongated passageway, usually open at both ends. - aortico-left ventricular t. congenital connection between the aorta above exit of coronary arteries and the left ventricle. - ...
Tuohy
Edward B., 20th century U.S. anesthesiologist. See T. needle.
turanose
A reducing disaccharide.
Turbatrix
A genus of free-living nematodes in the family Cephalobidae. [L. turbare, to disturb] - T. aceti a species found in old vinegar or in rotting fruits and vegetables and ...
turbid
Cloudy, as by sediment or insoluble matter in a solution. [L. turbidus, confused, disordered]
turbidimeter
An instrument for measuring turbidity.
turbidimetric
Pertaining to the measurement of turbidity.
turbidimetry
A method for determining the concentration of a substance in a solution by the degree of cloudiness or turbidity it causes or by the degree of clarification it induces in a ...
turbidity
The quality of being turbid, of losing transparency because of sediment or insoluble matter. [L. turbiditas, fr. turbidus, turbid]
turbinal
SYN: turbinated body (1).
Turbinate
A bone shaped like a top. The turbinate is a bone in the nose; it is an extension of the ethmoid bone, is situated along the side wall of the nose, and is covered by mucous ...
turbinated
Scroll-shaped. [L. turbinatus, shaped like a top]
Turbinectomy
Removal of a turbinate bone. The turbinate is a bone in the nose; it is an extension of the ethmoid bone, is situated along the side wall of the nose, and is covered by mucous ...
turbinotome
An instrument for use in turbinotomy or turbinectomy.
turbinotomy
Incision into or excision of a turbinated body. [ turbinate + G. tome, incision]
turbulence
heart rate t. fluctuations of electrocardiographic cycle length after a ventricular premature contraction.
Türck
Ludwig, Austrian neurologist, 1810–1868. See T. bundle, T. column, T. degeneration, T. tract.
Turcot syndrome
A rare disease characterized by multiple growths called polyps in the colon (large intestine) together with tumors in the brain. The polyps in the colon tend to become malignant. ...
turgescence
SYN: tumescence. [L. turgesco, to begin to swell, fr. turgeo, to swell]
turgescent
SYN: tumescent.
turgid
SYN: tumid. [L. turgidus, swollen, fr. turgeo, to swell]
turgor
Fullness. [L., fr. turgeo, to swell] - t. vitalis the normal fullness of the capillaries.
turista
Term for traveler's diarrhea, of Mexican derivation. [Sp. tourist]
Türk
Wilhelm, Austrian hematologist, 1871–1916. See T. cell, T. leukocyte. Siegmund, 20th century Swiss ophthalmologist. See Ehrlich-T. line.
turkey red
SYN: madder.
turmeric
Curcuma.
turn
To revolve or cause to revolve; specifically, to change the position of the fetus within the uterus to convert a malpresentation into a presentation permitting normal delivery. ...
Turner
George Grey, English surgeon, 1877–1951. See Grey T. sign. Henry H., U.S. endocrinologist, 1892–1970. See T. syndrome. Joseph G., English dentist, †1955. See T. ...
Turner syndrome
A genetic disorder affecting only females, in which the patient has one X chromosome in some or all cells; or has two X chromosomes but one is damaged. Signs include short ...
turnover
The quantity of a material metabolized or processed, usually within a given length of time.
turpentine
An oleoresin from Pinus palustris and other species of Pinus; source of t. oil and a constituent of stimulating ointments. [G. terebinthinos, pertaining to terebinthos, the ...
turpentine oil
A volatile oil, distilled from turpentine, that has been used as a diuretic, carminative, vermifuge, expectorant, rubefacient, and counterirritant. SYN: oleum ...
turpentine spirit
SYN: turpentine oil.
turps
Popular name for turpentine oil.
turricephaly
SYN: oxycephaly. [L. turris, tower, + G. kephale, head]
turunda
A surgical tent, gauze drain, or tampon. [L.]
tussal
SYN: tussive.
tussicular
SYN: tussive. [L. tussicularis, fr. tussicula, a slight cough, dim. of tussis, cough]
tussiculation
A hacking cough.
tussigenic
Causing cough. [L. tussis, cough, + -gen, producing]
tussis
A cough. [L.]
tussive
Relating to a cough. SYN: tussal, tussicular. [L. tussis, a cough]
tutamen
Any defensive or protective structure. [L. protection] - tutamina cerebri the scalp, cranium, and cerebral meninges. - tutamina oculi the eyebrows, eyelids, and eyelashes.
Tuttle
James P., U.S. surgeon, 1857–1913. See T. proctoscope.
TUU
Abbreviation for transureteroureterostomy.
TVG
Abbreviation for time-varied gain.
TVS
Abbreviation for " transvaginal ultrasound," a technique in which sound waves are sent out by an ultrasound probe that has been inserted in the vagina. The waves go through the ...
TWAR
SYN: Chlamydia pneumoniae. [after the laboratory designations of the first two isolates, TW-83 and AR-39]
Tweed
Charles H., U.S. orthodontist, 1895–1970. See T. edgewise treatment, T. triangle.
tweezers
An instrument with pincers that are squeezed together to grasp or extract fine structures. [A.S. twisel, fork]
Twelfth cranial nerve
The twelfth cranial nerve is the hypoglossal nerve. The twelve cranial nerves, the hypoglossal nerve included, emerge from or enter the skull (the cranium), as opposed to the ...
twig
One of the finer terminal branches of an artery; a small branch or small ramus. [A.S.]
twilight
1. Figuratively, a faint light. 2. Pertaining to faint or indistinct mental perception, as in t. state. [A.S. twi-, two]
Twilight sleep
A term applied to the combination of analgesia (pain relief) and amnesia (loss of memory) produced by a mixture of morphine and scopolamine ("scope") given by a hypodermic ...
Twin
One of two children produced in the same pregnancy and born during the same birth process. Twins can develop from one ovum (egg) or from two ova (eggs): {{}}Twins from one ovum: ...
Twin, vanishing
The disappearance before birth of one twin. Of all twin pregnancies, 40% result in the birth of a single child. The other twin is lost. This is termed the " vanishing twin" ...
twinge
A sudden momentary sharp pain.
twinning
Production of equivalent structures by division; the tendency of divided parts to assume symmetric relations.
twitch
1. To jerk spasmodically. 2. A momentary spasmodic contraction of a muscle fiber. [A.S. twiccian]
Two-faced twin
Known medically as diprosopus, two-faced twins are conjoined twins (incompletely separated identical twins). The twins have almost complete fusion of their bodies with one set of ...
Twort
Frederick W., British bacteriologist, 1877–1950. See T. phenomenon, T.-d'Herelle phenomenon.
TX
Abbreviation for individual thromboxanes, designated by capital letters with subscripts indicating structural features.
tybamate
A tranquilizer related to meprobamate.
tylectomy
Surgical removal of a localized swelling or tumor. SEE ALSO: lumpectomy. [G. tyle, lump, + ektome, excision]
tylion
A craniometric point at the middle of the anterior edge of the chiasmatic groove. [G. a small pin, dim. of tyle, a lump]
tyloma
SYN: callosity. [G. a callus] - t. conjunctivae localized keratinization of the conjunctiva, occurring in xerosis of the conjunctiva.
tylosis
Formation of a callus (tyloma). [G. a becoming callous] - t. ciliaris SYN: pachyblepharon. - t. linguae leukoplakia of the tongue. - t. palmaris et plantaris SYN: ...
tyloxapol
A detergent and mucolytic agent used as an aerosol to liquify sputum.
tymazoline
A nasal decongestant.
tympan-
See tympano-.
tympanal
1. SYN: tympanic (1). 2. Resonant. 3. SYN: tympanitic (2).
tympanectomy
Excision of the tympanic membrane. [ tympan- + G. ektome, excision]
tympania
SYN: tympanites.
tympanic
1. Relating to the t. cavity or membrane. SYN: tympanal (1). 2. Resonant. 3. SYN: tympanitic (2).
Tympanic membrane
Just the ear drum.
tympanichord
SYN: chorda tympani.
tympanichordal
Relating to the chorda tympani nerve.
tympanicity
The quality of being tympanic or drumlike in tone.
tympanism
SYN: tympanites.
Tympanites
A hollow drum-like sound produced when a gas-containing cavity is tapped sharply. Tympanites is heard if the chest contains free air (pneumothorax) or the abdomen is distended ...
tympanitic
1. Referring to tympanites. SYN: tympanous. 2. Denoting the quality of sound elicited by percussing over the inflated intestine or a large pulmonary cavity. SYN: tympanal (3), ...
tympanitis
SYN: myringitis.
Tympano-
Prefix indicating a relationship to the ear drum (tympanum). For example, tympanometry is a test that measures the function of the middle ear.
tympano-, tympan-, tympani-
Tympanum, tympanites. [G. tympanon, drum]
tympanocentesis
Puncture of the tympanic membrane with a needle to aspirate middle ear fluid. [ tympano- + G. kentesis, puncture]
tympanoeustachian
Relating to the tympanic cavity and the auditory tube.
tympanogram
The printout of an impedance bridge showing the stiffness or the compliance of the middle ear structures as it varies with changes in pressure within the external ear canal.
tympanohyal
Pertaining to the relationship between the tympanic cavity and the hyoid arch.
tympanomalleal
Relating to the tympanic membrane and the malleus.
tympanomandibular
Relating to the tympanic cavity and the mandible.
tympanomastoid
Relating to the tympanic cavity and the mastoid process.
tympanomastoidectomy
SYN: radical mastoidectomy.
tympanomastoiditis
Inflammation of the middle ear and the mastoid cells.
Tympanometry
A test that measures the function of the middle ear. Tympanometry works by varying the pressure within the ear canal and measuring the movement of the ear drum (the tympanic ...
tympanophonia, tympanophony
SYN: autophony. [ tympano- + G. phone, sound]
Tympanoplasty
A surgical operation to correct damage to the middle ear and restore the integrity of the ear drum. Tympano- comes from the Greek tympanon meaning drum. * * * Operative ...
tympanosclerosis
The formation of dense connective tissue in the middle ear, often resulting in hearing loss when the ossicles are involved.
tympanosquamosal
Relating to the tympanic and squamous parts of the temporal bone. SYN: squamotympanic.
tympanostapedial
Relating to the tympanic cavity and the stapes.
tympanostomy
An operation to make an opening in the tympanic membrane. SEE ALSO: myringotomy. [ tympano- + G. ostium, mouth]
Tympanostomy tube
A small plastic tube inserted into the eardrum to keep the middle ear aerated for a prolonged period of time. These ventilating tubes usually remain in place for 6 months to ...
tympanotemporal
Relating to the tympanic cavity and the temporal region or bone.
tympanotomy
SYN: myringotomy. [ tympano- + G. tome, incision]
tympanous
SYN: tympanitic (1).
Tympanum
In anatomy, the drum of the ear, the eardrum, the tympanic membrane. The tympanum resembles the head of a tiny drum. It separates the middle ear from the external ear. ...
Tympany
A hollow drum-like sound produced when a gas-containing cavity is tapped sharply. Tympany is heard if the chest contains free air (pneumothorax) or the abdomen is distended with ...
Tyndall
John, English physicist, 1820–1893. See T. effect, tyndallization, T. phenomenon.
tyndallization
SYN: fractional sterilization. [John Tyndall]
type
1. The usual form, or a composite form, that all others of the class resemble more or less closely; a model, denoting especially a disease or a symptom complex giving the stamp ...
Type 1 GM2-gangliosidosis
This disorder known as Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) is concisely defined by OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man) as “an autosomal recessive, progressive neurodegenerative ...
Type I error
The statistical error (said to be "of the first kind" or alpha error) made in testing an hypothesis when it is concluded that a treatment or intervention is effective ...
Type II error
The statistical error (said to be "of the second kind" or beta error) made in testing an hypothesis when it is concluded that a treatment or intervention is not ...
typhinia
SYN: relapsing fever. [G. typhos, smoke, stupor arising from fever]
typhl-
See typhlo-.
typhlectasis
Dilation of the cecum. [G. typhlon, cecum, + ektasis, a stretching out]
typhlectomy
SYN: cecectomy.
typhlenteritis
SYN: cecitis.
typhlitis
SYN: cecitis.
typhlo-, typhl-
1. The cecum. SEE ALSO: ceco-. [G. cecum] 2. Blindness. [G. typhlos, blind]
typhlodicliditis
Inflammation of the ileocecal valve. [G. typhlon, cecum, + diklis (diklid-), double-folding (of doors), + -itis, inflammation]
typhloempyema
Presence of an abscess following typhlitis. [G. typhlon, cecum, + empyema, abscess]
typhloenteritis
SYN: cecitis.
typhlolithiasis
Presence of fecal concretions in the cecum. [G. typhlon, cecum, + lithos, stone]
typhlomegaly
Old term for enlargement of the cecum. [G. typhlon, cecum, + megas (megal-), large]
typhlon
SYN: cecum (1). [G.]
typhlorrhaphy
SYN: cecorrhaphy.
typhlosis
SYN: blindness. [G. typhlos, blind]
typhlostomy
SYN: cecostomy.
typhlotomy
SYN: cecotomy.
typho-
Typhus, typhoid. [G. typhos, smoke, dullness]
typhoid
1. Typhus-like; stuporous from fever. 2. SYN: t. fever. [ typhus + G. eidos, resemblance] - abdominal t. SYN: t. fever. - ambulatory t. SYN: walking t.. - apyretic t. t. ...
Typhoid fever
An acute illness with fever caused by infection with the Salmonella Typhi bacteria contracted from contaminated water and food. The disease has an insidious onset characterized ...
Typhoid Mary
Someone who by force of circumstances serves as the source from which something undesirable spreads. Typhoid Mary was a cook named Mary Mallon who had immigrated from Ireland ...
typhoidal
Relating to or resembling typhoid fever.
typholysin
A hemolysin formed by Salmonella typhi.
typhomania
A muttering delerium characteristic of that in typhoid fever and typhus. [ typho- + G. mania, frenzy]
typhosepsis
SYN: typhoid septicemia.
typhous
Relating to typhus.
typhus
A group of acute infectious and contagious diseases, caused by rickettsiae that are transmitted by arthropods, and occurring in two principal forms: epidemic t. and endemic ( ...
Typhus, African tick
One of the tick-borne rickettsial diseases of the eastern hemisphere, similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever, but less severe, with fever, a small ulcer (tache noire) at the ...
Typhus, epidemic
A severe acute disease with prolonged high fever up to 40° C (104° F), intractable headache, and a pink-to-red raised rash. The cause is a microorganism called Rickettsia ...
Typhus, murine
An acute infectious disease with fever, headache, and rash, all quite similar to, but milder than, epidemic typhus, caused by a related microorganism, Rickettsia typhi (mooseri), ...
Typhus, Queensland tick
One of the tick-borne rickettsial diseases of the eastern hemisphere, similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever, but less severe, with fever, a small ulcer (eschar) at the site of ...
Typhus, scrub
A mite-borne infectious disease caused by a microorganism, Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, characteristically with fever, headache, a raised (macular) rash, swollen glands ...
Typhus, tick
Also known as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, an acute febrile (feverish) disease initially recognized in the Rocky Mountain states, caused by Rickettsia rickettsii transmitted by ...
Typhus, urban of Malaya
Murine typhus, an acute infectious disease with fever, headache, and rash, all quite similar to, but milder than, epidemic typhus. It is caused by a related microorganism, ...
typing
Classification according to type. [see type] - bacteriophage t. a microbiological procedure, of epidemiologic importance, for distinguishing types within a seemingly homogeneous ...
Typist’s cramp
A dystonia that affects the muscles of the hand and sometimes the forearm and only occurs during handwriting. Similar focal dystonias have also been called writer’s cramp, ...
typus
SYN: type (3). - t. ampullaris pelvis renalis [TA] SYN: ampullary type of renal pelvis. - t. dendriticus pelvis renalis [TA] SYN: branching type of renal pelvis.
Tyr
Symbol for tyrosine and tyrosyl.
tyraminase
SYN: amine oxidase (flavin-containing).
tyramine
Decarboxylated tyrosine, a sympathomimetic amine having an action in some respects resembling that of epinephrine; present in ergot, mistletoe, ripe cheese, beers, red wines, ...
tyrannism
A form of sadism characterized by a lust for domination and cruelty, with subsequent humiliation of the partner. [G. tyrannos, a tyrant]
tyremesis
Vomiting of curdy material by infants. SYN: tyrosis (1). [G. tyros, cheese, + emesis, vomiting]
tyrocidin, tyrocidine
An antibacterial cyclopeptide obtained from Bacillus brevis. SEE ALSO: tyrothricin.
Tyrode
Maurice V., U.S. pharmacologist, 1878–1930. See T. solution.
tyrogenous
Produced by, or originating in, cheese. [G. tyros, cheese, + G. -gen, producing]
Tyroglyphus longior
SYN: Tyrophagus putrescentiae. [G. tyros, cheese, + glyphe carving]
tyroid
Cheesy; caseous. [G. tyrodes, fr. tyros, cheese, + eidos, resemblance]
tyroketonuria
The urinary excretion of ketonic metabolites of tyrosine, such as p-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid.
tyroma
A caseous tumor. [G. tyros, cheese, + -oma, tumor]
tyropanoate sodium
An oral contrast medium for cholecystography.
Tyrophagus putrescentiae
One of the grain mite species that cause various forms of dermatitis resulting from infestation by grain mites in food and produce, which sensitizes and causes dermatitis in ...
tyrosinase
SYN: monophenol monooxygenase (1).
tyrosine
2-Amino-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid; 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)alanine; the l-isomer is an α-amino acid present in most proteins. - t. aminotransferase an enzyme that catalyzes ...
Tyrosinemia
A genetic metabolic disorder involving the amino acid tyrosine. The enzymatic basis of the disease is deficiency of an enzyme called fumarylacetoacetic hydrolase, the last ...
tyrosinosis
A very rare, possibly heritable disorder of tyrosine metabolism that may be caused by defective formation of p-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid oxidase or of tyrosine transaminase; ...
tyrosinuria
The excretion of tyrosine in the urine. [ tyrosine + G. ouron, urine]
tyrosis
1. SYN: tyremesis. 2. SYN: caseation. [G. tyros, cheese]
tyrosyluria
Enhanced urinary excretion of certain metabolites of tyrosine, such as p-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid; present in tyrosinosis, scurvy, pernicious anemia, and other diseases.
tyrothricin
An antibacterial mixture obtained from peptone cultures of Bacillus brevis; bactericidal and bacteriostatic, and active against Gram-positive bacteria. It yields the ...
tyrotoxism
Poisoning by cheese or any milk product. [G. tyros, cheese, + toxikon, poison]
Tyrrell
Frederick, English anatomist and surgeon, 1797–1843. See T. fascia.
Tyson
Edward, English anatomist, 1649–1708. See T. glands, under gland.
Tyzzeria
A genus of coccidia (family Eimeriidae) in which the oocyst contains eight naked sporozoites. Important species are T. anseris, a relatively nonpathogenic species found in the ...
Tzanck
Arnault, Russian dermatologist, 1886–1954. See T. cells, under cell, T. test.
U
1. Abbreviation for unit. 2. Symbol for kilurane; uranium; uridine in polymers; uracil; urinary concentration, followed by subscripts indicating location and chemical ...
U (uracil)
A nucleotide base and one member of the A-U (adenine-uracil) base pair in RNA. The other base pair in RNA is G-C (guanine-cytosine). Uracil takes the place in RNA that thymine ...
U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM)
The world's largest medical library, the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The NLM has as its mission to collect, ...
UA
Abbreviation for urinalysis, a test that determines the content of the urine. Because urine removes toxins and excess liquids from the body, it can contain important clues. ...
UAL
UAL stands for ultrasonic-assisted liposuction. Liposuction involves the surgical suctioning of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the most common being the abdomen ...
ubihydroquinone
SYN: ubiquinol.
ubiquinol
The reduction product of a ubiquinone. SYN: ubihydroquinone.
ubiquinone
A 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone with a multiprenyl side chain; a mobile component of electron transport. SEE ALSO: coenzyme Q.
ubiquinone-10
Ubiquinone-50; coenzyme Q 10; 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-6-decaprenyl-1,4-benzoquinone.
ubiquinone-6
Ubiquinone-30; coenzyme Q 6; 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-6-hexaprenyl-1,4 benzoquinone.
ubiquitin
A small (76 amino acyl residues) protein found in all cells of higher organisms and one whose structure has changed minimally during evolutionary history; involved in at least two ...
UDP
Abbreviation for uridine 5′-diphosphate.
UDP-GlcUA
Abbreviation for uridine diphosphoglucuronic acid.
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase
A liver enzyme essential to the disposal of bilirubin (the chemical that results from the normal breakdown of hemoglobin from red blood cells). An abnormality of this enzyme ...
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:lysosomal enzyme N-acetylglucosaminyl-1-phosphotransferase
An enzyme that participates in the posttranslational modification of a number of lysosomal proteins; a deficiency or defect in this enzyme results in two forms of mucolipidoses, ...
UDPG
Abbreviation for uridine diphosphoglucose.
UDPGal
Abbreviation for uridine diphosphogalactose.
UDPgalactose
Uridine diphosphogalactose.
UDPgalactose 4-epimerase
SYN: UDPglucose 4-epimerase.
UDPGlc
Abbreviation for uridine diphosphoglucose.
UDPglucose
SYN: uridine diphosphoglucose.
UDPglucose 4-epimerase
An enzyme that catalyzes the reversible Walden inversion of UDPglucose to UDPgalactose; a deficiency of this enzyme is associated with one type of galactosemia. SYN: ...
UDPglucose-hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
An enzyme that catalyzes the reversible reaction of α-d-glucose 1-phosphate UDPgalactose to produce UDPglucose and α-d-galactose 1-phosphate. SEE ALSO: UDPglucose ...
UDPglucuronate-bilirubin glucuronosyltransferase
Hepatic transferases that catalyze the transfer of the glucuronic moiety of UDP-glucuronic acid to bilirubin or bilirubin glucuronide, thus producing UDP and either ...
UDPglucuronate-bilirubinglucuronoside glucuronosyltransferase
SYN: UDPglucuronate- bilirubin glucuronosyltransferase.
UDPxylose
A sugar derivative in which a pyrophosphate group links the 5′ position of uridine and the 1-position of d-xylose; formed by the decarboxylation of UDPglucuronic acid; ...
Uehlinger
E., Swiss pathologist, *1899. See Meyenburg-Altherr-U. syndrome.
UFA
Abbreviation for unesterified free fatty acid.
Uffelmann
Jules A.C., German physician, 1837–1894. See U. reagent.
UGI
Abbreviation for upper gastrointestinal series.
Uhl
Henry S.M., U.S. internist, *1921. See U. anomaly.
Uhthoff
Wilhelm, German ophthalmologist, 1853–1927. See U. sign, U. symptom.
UIP
Abbreviation for usual interstitial pneumonia of Liebow.
ukambin
An African arrow poison from plants of the family Apocynaceae; a heart poison resembling digitalis or strophanthus in its action.
Ulcer
An area of tissue erosion, for example, of the skin or lining of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Due to the erosion, an ulcer is concave. It is always depressed below the ...
Ulcer, aphthous
A small sensitive painful ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth. Commonly called a canker sore. Aphthous ulcers are one of the most common problems that occur in the mouth. ...

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