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Слова на букву anch-basi (2629)

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anchorage
1. Operative fixation of loose or prolapsed abdominal or pelvic organs. 2. The part to which anything is fastened. In dentistry, a tooth or an implanted tooth substitute with ...
anchorin
SYN: ankyrin. [anchor + -in]
anchusin
SYN: alkannin.
ancillary
Auxiliary, accessory, or secondary. [L. ancillaris, relating to a maidservant]
ancipital, ancipitate, ancipitous
Two-headed; two-edged. [L. anceps, two-headed]
ancon
SYN: elbow (2). [G. ankon, elbow]
anconad
Toward the elbow. [G. ankon, elbow, + L. ad, to]
anconal, anconeal
1. Relating to the elbow (ancon). 2. Relating to the anconeus muscle.
anconeus
SYN: a. muscle. [L.]
anconoid
Resembling the elbow.
ancrod
A fraction obtained from the venom of the pit viper, Angkistrodon rhodostoma, which contains a fibrinogen-splitting enzyme; produces hypofibrinogenemia and diminution of both ...
ancylo-
See ankylo-.
Ancylostoma
A genus of Nematoda, the Old World hookworm, the members of which are parasitic in the duodenum. They attach themselves to villi in the mucous membrane, suck blood, and may ...
Ancylostoma infection
1. Hookworm, an intestinal parasite that usually causes diarrhea or cramps. Heavy infestation with hookworm can be serious for newborns, children, pregnant women, and persons ...
ancylostomatic
Referring to hookworms of the genus Ancylostoma.
ancylostomiasis
Hookworm disease caused by Ancylostoma duodenale and characterized by eosinophilia, anemia, emaciation, dyspepsia, and, in children with severe chronic infections, swelling ...
ancyroid
Shaped like the fluke of an anchor; denoting the cornua of the lateral ventricles of the brain and the coracoid process of the scapula. SYN: ankyroid. [G. ankyra, anchor, + ...
Andernach
Johann W. (Guenther von A.), German physician, 1505–1574. See A. ossicles, under ossicle.
Anders
James Meschter, U.S. physician, 1854–1936. See A. disease.
Andersch
Carolus Samuel, German anatomist, 1732–1777. See A. ganglion, A. nerve.
Andersen
Dorothy Hansine, U.S. pediatrician, 1901–1963. See A. disease.
Anderson
Roger, U.S. surgeon, 1891–1971. See A. splint, Roger A. pin fixation appliance. Evelyn, U.S. physician, *1899. See A.- Collip test. James C., British urologist, *1899.
Anderson-Fabry disease
A genetic disease, also known as Fabry disease, due to deficiency of an enzyme called alpha-galactosidase A. This enzyme is essential to the metabolism of molecules known as ...
andira
The bark of A. inermis, a leguminous tree of tropical America, used as an emetic, purgative, and anthelmintic. SYN: cabbage tree, worm bark. [West Indian native name]
Andral
Gabriel, French physician, 1797–1876. See A. decubitus.
andrenosterone
SYN: adrenosterone.
andriatrics, andriatry
Medical science relating to diseases of male genital organs and of men in general. [G. aner, a man, + iatreia, medical treatment]
andro-
Masculine. [G. aner, andros, a male human being]
Androgen
A male sex hormone that promotes the development and maintenance of the male sex characteristics. The major androgen is testosterone. * * * Generic term for an agent, usually a ...
Androgen insensitivity syndrome, complete
A genetic disorder that makes XY fetuses insensitive (unresponsive) to androgens (male hormones). Instead, they are born looking externally like normal girls. Internally, there is ...
androgenesis
Development in the presence of paternal chromosomes only. [ andro- + G. genesis, production]
Androgenic
Pertaining to the development of male characteristics, including body hair, the genital organs and muscle mass. "Androgenic" is the adjective form of the noun "androgen," a word ...
androgenous
Giving birth to males.
androgynism
SYN: female pseudohermaphroditism.
androgynoid
A male resembling a female, or possessing female features. [ andro- + G. gyne, woman, + eidos, resemblance]
androgynous
Pertaining to androgyny.
androgyny
1. SYN: female pseudohermaphroditism. 2. Having both masculine and feminine characteristics, as in attitudes and behaviors that contain features of stereotyped, culturally ...
android
SYN: andromorphous. [ andro- + G. eidos, resemblance]
Android pelvis
There are significant differences in the anatomy of the pelvis in the female and male. The android or male pelvis is more robust, narrower, and taller than the female pelvis. ...
andrology
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases peculiar to the male sex, particularly infertility and sexual dysfunction. [ andro- + G. logos, treatise]
andromedotoxin
A strongly emetic active principle obtained from several species of Andromeda and Rhododendron (family Ericaceae); it is a cardiac poison, first stimulating and then paralyzing ...
andromorphous
Having a male form or habitus. SYN: android. [ andro- + G. morphe, form]
andropathy
Any disease, such as prostatitis, peculiar to the male sex. [ andro- + G. pathos, suffering]
andropause
A postulated decrease in function of male gonads with increasing age, analogous to menopause.
Androphobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of men. Sufferers experience anxiety even though they may realize they face no real threat. "Androphobia" is derived from the Greek "andros" (man) ...
androstane
The parent hydrocarbon of the androgenic steroids. For structure, see steroids.
androstanediol
5α-Androstane-3β,17β-diol; a steroid metabolite, of which 5β isomers are also known.
androstanedione
5α-Androstane-3,17-dione; a steroid metabolite, of which the 5β isomer is also known. It is a precursor of both testosterone and estrone. It is secreted by the adrenals.
androstene
Androstane with an unsaturated ( i.e., —CH=CH—) bond in the molecule.
androstenediol
5-Androsten-3β,17β-diol; a steroid metabolite differing from androstanediol by possessing a double bond between C-5 and C-6.
androstenedione
4-Androstene-3,17-dione; androstanedione with a double bond between C-4 and C-5; an androgenic steroid of weaker biological potency than testosterone; secreted by the testis, ...
androstenol
A substance that is a postulated pheromone; it is found in male sweat where it is oxidized to androstenone. In tests, women like the dry musky smell of a., but find androstenone ...
androstenolone
SYN: dehydro- 3- epiandrosterone.
androsterone
cis-A.; 3α-hydroxy-5α-androstan-17-one; a steroid metabolite, found in male urine, having weak androgenic potency. Formed in testes from progesterone.
anecdotal
Report of clinical experiences based in individual cases, rather than an organized investigation with appropriate controls, etc. [G. anekdota, unpublished items, fr. an- priv + ...
anechoic
The property of being echo-free or appearing without echoes on a sonographic image; a cyst filled with clear fluid appears a.. See transonic. SYN: echo-free. [G. an- priv. + ...
Anel
Dominique, French surgeon, 1679–1725. See A. method.
anelectrotonic
Relating to anelectrotonus.
anelectrotonus
Changes in excitability and conductivity in a nerve or muscle cell in the neighborhood of the anode during the passage of a constant electric current. [anelectrode + G. tonos, ...
Anemia
The condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, ...
Anemia and triphalangeal thumbs
A genetic disorder that may be detected during early infancy and is characterized by the presence of three bones (phalanges) within the thumbs (triphalangeal thumbs) rather than ...
Anemia, Addison
A blood disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Patients who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb vitamin B12. This ...
Anemia, addisonian
A blood disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Patients who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb vitamin B12. This ...
Anemia, aplastic
Anemia due to failure of the bone marrow to produce blood cells, including red and white blood cells as well as platelets. Aplastic anemia frequently occurs without a known ...
Anemia, Biermer's
A blood disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Patients who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb vitamin B12. This ...
Anemia, Cooley’s
Better known today as thalassemia (or as beta thalassemia or thalassemia major) .The clinical picture of this important type of anemia was first described in 1925 by the ...
Anemia, Fanconi
A genetic (inherited) disease that adversely affects all of the bone marrow elements and is closely associated with malformations of the heart, kidney and limbs (arms and legs) as ...
Anemia, iron deficiency
The most common known form of nutritional disorder in the world, iron deficiency results in anemia because iron is necessary to make hemoglobin, key molecule in red blood cells ...
Anemia, Mediterranean
Better known today as thalassemia (or as beta thalassemia or thalassemia major) .The clinical picture of this important type of anemia was first described in 1925 by the ...
Anemia, pernicious
A blood disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Patients who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb vitamin B12. This ...
Anemia, sickle cell
A genetic blood disease due to the presence of an abnormal form of hemoglobin, namely hemoglobin S. Hemoglobin is the molecule in red blood cells that transports oxygen from the ...
Anemic
Relating to anemia, the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying ...
anemometer
An instrument for measuring the velocity of air flow. [G. anemos, wind, + metron, measure]
anemonol
A volatile oil, possessing markedly toxic properties, obtained from plants of the genus Anemone.
anemophobia
Morbid fear of wind. [G. anemos, wind, + phobos, fear]
anemotrophy
Lack of substances essential to the formation of blood, thereby resulting in hypoplastic anemia. [G. an- priv. + haima, blood, + trophe, nourishment]
anencephalia
SYN: anencephaly.
anencephalic
Relating to anencephaly. SYN: anencephalous.
anencephalous
SYN: anencephalic.
Anencephaly
A neural tube defect (NTD) that occurs when the cephalic (head) end of the neural tube fails to close, usually between the 23rd and 26th days of pregnancy, resulting in the ...
anenterous
Having no intestine; denoting certain parasites, such as tapeworms. [G. an- priv. + entera, intestines]
anenzymia
Congenital absence of an enzyme.
anephric
Lacking kidneys. [a- priv. + G. nephros, kidney]
anepiploic
Lacking an omentum (epiploon).
anergia
SYN: anergy (2).
anergic
Relating to, or marked by, anergy.
Anergy
A state of immune unresponsiveness. Induced when the T cell's antigen receptor is stimulated, effectively freezing T cell responses pending a "second signal" from the ...
aneroid
Without fluid; denoting a form of barometer without mercury, in which the varying air pressure is indicated by a pointer governed by the movement of the elastic wall of an ...
anerythroplasia
A condition in which there is no formation of red blood cells. [G. an- priv. + erythro(cyte) + G. plasis, a molding]
anerythroplastic
Pertaining to or characterized by anerythroplasia.
anerythroregenerative
Pertaining to or characterized by lack of regeneration of red blood cells.
anesthecinesia
SYN: anesthekinesia.
anesthekinesia
Combined sensory and motor paralysis. SYN: anesthecinesia. [G. an- priv. + aisthesis, sensation, + kinesis, movement]
Anesthesia
: Loss of feeling or awareness. A local anesthetic causes loss of feeling in a part of the body. A general anesthetic puts the person to sleep. * * * 1. Loss of sensation ...
Anesthesiologist
An anesthesiologist is a physician or, less often, a dentist who is specialized in the practice of anesthesiology, the branch of medicine specializing in the use of drugs or ...
Anesthesiology
The branch of medicine specializing in the use of drugs or other agents that cause insensibility to pain. There is a major distinction between an anesthesiologist and an ...
Anesthetic
: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness. A local anesthetic causes loss of feeling in a part of the body. A general anesthetic puts the person to sleep. * * * 1. A ...
Anesthetic, epidural
An anesthetic injected into the epidural space surrounding the fluid-filled sac (the dura) around the spine which partially numbs the abdomen and legs.
Anesthetic, general
An anesthetic that puts the person to sleep.
Anesthetic, local
An anesthetic that causes loss of feeling in a small part of the body.
Anesthetist
An anesthetist is a nurse or technician trained to administer anesthetics, that is drugs or other agents that cause insensibility to pain. There is a major distinction between an ...
anesthetization
The act of producing loss of sensation.
anesthetize
To produce loss of sensation.
anestrous
Relating to the anestrus.
anestrum
The period between two estrus cycles [G. an- priv. + oistros, estrus]
anestrus
The period of sexual quiescence between the estrus cycles of mammals; may be: 1) a prolonged period in monestrous animals (dogs) or seasonally polyestrous animals (sheep), or ...
anethopath
A morally uninhibited person. [G. an- priv. + ethos, custom, + pathos, suffering]
anetoderma
Atrophoderma in which the skin becomes baglike and wrinkled or depressed, with loss of dermal elasticity. SYN: atrophia maculosa varioliformis cutis, atrophoderma maculatum, ...
aneuploid
Having an abnormal number of chromosomes not an exact multiple of the haploid number, as contrasted with abnormal numbers of complete haploid sets of chromosomes, such as ...
Aneuploidy
One or a few chromosomes above or below the normal chromosome number. For example, three number 21 chromosomes or trisomy 21 (characteristic of Down syndrome) is a form of ...
aneurine
SYN: thiamin. - a. hydrochloride SYN: thiamin hydrochloride. - a. pyrophosphate SYN: thiamin pyrophosphate.
aneurolemmic
Without a neurolemma.
Aneurysm
A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture. The word ...
Aneurysm, abdominal
An aneurysm situated within the abdomen (belly). An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically ...
Aneurysm, aortic
An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture. ...
Aneurysm, arterial
An aneurysm involving an artery. As opposed to a venous aneurysm or a cardiac aneurysm. An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the ...
Aneurysm, arteriosclerotic
An aneurysm that occurs because the vessel wall is weakened by arteriosclerosis. Also called an atherosclerotic aneurysm. An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an ...
Aneurysm, atherosclerotic
See: Aneurysm, arteriosclerotic.
Aneurysm, berry
A berry aneurysm is a small outpouching (aneurysm) that looks like a berry and classically occurs at the point at which a cerebral artery departs from the circular artery (the ...
Aneurysm, brain
An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture. ...
Aneurysm, cardiac
Outpouching of an abnormally thin portion of the heart wall. An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there ...
Aneurysm, dissecting
An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture. ...
Aneurysm, fusiform
An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture. ...
Aneurysm, miliary
An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture. ...
Aneurysm, racemose
An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture. ...
Aneurysm, renal
An aneurysm involving the kidney. An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the ...
Aneurysm, saccular
An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture. ...
Aneurysm, thoracic
An aneurysm situated within the thorax (chest). See: Aneurysm, aortic. An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an ...
Aneurysm, venous
An aneurysm involving a vein. As opposed to an arterial aneurysm or a cardiac aneurysm. An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the ...
aneurysmal, aneurysmatic
Relating to an aneurysm.
aneurysmectomy
Excision of an aneurysm. [aneurysm + G. ektome, excision]
aneurysmoplasty
Repair of an aneurysm by opening the sac and suturing its walls to restore the normal dimension to the lumen of the artery. SEE ALSO: aneurysmorrhaphy. SYN: endoaneurysmoplasty, ...
aneurysmorrhaphy
Closure by suture of the sac of an aneurysm to restore the normal lumen dimensions. [aneurysm + G. rhaphe, suture]
aneurysmotomy
Incision into the sac of an aneurysm. [aneurysm + G. tome, incision]
ANF
Abbreviation for antinuclear factor; atrial natriuretic factor.
angei-
See angio-.
angelica root
The root of Angelica archangelica (family Umbelliferae); a tonic and stimulant that may cause nausea; used as a carminative, diuretic, and externally as a counterirritant.
Angelman syndrome
An important genetic syndrome characterized by severe motor and intellectual retardation, microcephaly (abnormally small head), ataxia, frequent jerky limb movements and flapping ...
Angelucci
Arnaldo, Italian ophthalmologist, 1854–1934. See A. syndrome.
Anger
Hal, U.S. electrical engineer, *1920. See A. camera.
angi-
See angio-.
angiectasia, angiectasis
Dilation of a lymphatic or blood vessel. [angio- + G. ektasis, a stretching] - congenital dysplastic a. SYN: Klippel-Trenaunay- Weber syndrome.
angiectatic
Marked by the presence of dilated blood vessel s. [angio- + G. ektatos, capable of extension]
angiectopia
Abnormal location of a blood vessel. SYN: angioplany. [angio- + G. ektopos, out of place]
Angiitis
An uncommon inflammation of the blood vessels. There is a group of diseases that involve angiitis. They represent many different conditions. The actual cause of these conditions ...
Angiitis, allergic granulomatous
A disease (also often called the Churg-Straus syndrome) characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels in persons with a history of asthma or allergy. The symptoms of the ...
angiitis, angitis
Inflammation of a blood vessel ( arteritis, phlebitis) or lymphatic vessel (lymphangitis). SYN: vasculitis. [angio- + G. -itis, inflammation] - allergic granulomatous a. SYN: ...
Angina
Angina is chest pain that is due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. The chest pain of angina is typically severe and crushing. There is a feeling just behind ...
Angina pectoris
Chest pain that is typically severe and crushing with a feeling just behind the breastbone (the sternum) of pressure and suffocation, due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the ...
Angina trachealis
This has nothing whatsoever to do with the usual type of angina (angina pectoris) which is chest pain of cardiac origin. Angina trachealis is more commonly known as croup. This ...
Angina, exudative
This has nothing whatsoever to do with the usual type of angina (angina pectoris) which is chest pain of cardiac origin. Angina trachealis is more commonly known as croup. ...
Angina, Prinzmetal
Chest pain due to coronary artery spasm, a sudden constriction of a coronary artery (one of the vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen) depriving the ...
Angina, variant
Chest pain due to coronary artery spasm, a sudden constriction of a coronary artery (one of the vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen) depriving the ...
Angina, Vincent
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
anginal
Relating to angina in any sense.
anginiform
Resembling angina.
anginoid
Rarely used term for resembling an angina, especially angina pectoris.
anginophobia
Extreme fear of an attack of angina pectoris. [angina + G. phobos, fear]
anginose, anginous
Rarely used term for relating to any angina.
angio-, angi-
Blood or lymph vessels; a covering, an enclosure; corresponds to L. vas-, vaso-, vasculo-. [G. angeion, a vessel or cavity of the body, fr. angos, a vessel, vat, bucket, + ...
angioarchitecture
1. The arrangement and distribution of the blood vessel s of any organ. 2. The vascular framework of an organ or tissue.
angioblast
1. A cell taking part in blood vessel formation. SYN: vasoformative cell. 2. Primordial mesenchymal tissue from which embryonic blood cells and vascular endothelium are ...
angioblastoma
SYN: hemangioblastoma. - a. of Nakagawa SYN: acquired tufted angioma.
angiocardiography
X-ray imaging of the heart and great vessels made visible by injection of a radiopaque solution. See coronary angiography. SYN: cardioangiography. [angio- + G. kardia, heart, + ...
angiocardiokinetic, angiocardiocinetic
Causing dilation or contraction in the heart and blood vessel s. [angio- + G. kardia, heart, + kinesis, movement]
angiocardiopathy
Disease affecting both heart and blood vessel s. [angio- + G. kardia, heart, + pathos, disease]
angiocholitis
SYN: cholangitis.
angiocyst
A small vesicular aggregation of embryonic mesodermal cells that may give rise to vascular endothelium and blood cells.
angioderm
SYN: angioblast (2).
angiodysplasia
Degenerative or congenital structural abnormality of the normally distributed vasculature.
angiodystrophy, angiodystrophia
Defective formation or growth associated with marked vascular changes. [angio- + G. dys-, bad, + trophe, nourishment]
angioedema
Recurrent large circumscribed areas of subcutaneous or mucosal edema of sudden onset, usually disappearing within 24 hours; seen mainly in young women, frequently as an allergic ...
angioelephantiasis
Extensive increase in vascularity of the subcutaneous tissue, producing great thickening simulating large, diffuse angioma formation.
angioendotheliomatosis
Proliferation of endothelial cells within blood vessel s. - proliferating systematized a. a rare generalized cutaneous and visceral intracapillary proliferation of endothelial ...
angiofibrolipoma
A neoplasm composed of fibroblasts, capillaries, and adipose tissue. SYN: angiolipofibroma.
angiofibroma
SYN: telangiectatic fibroma. - juvenile a. a markedly vascular fibrous tumor occurring in the nasopharynx of males, usually in the second decade of life; epistaxis and local ...
angiofibrosis
Fibrosis of the walls of blood vessel s.
Angiogenesis
The process of developing new blood vessels. Angiogenesis is important in the normal development of the embryo and fetus. It also appears important to tumor formation. Certain ...
angiogenic
1. Relating to angiogenesis. 2. Of vascular origin.
angioglioma
A mixed glioma and angioma.
angiogliomatosis
Occurrence of multiple areas of proliferating capillaries and neuroglia or a condition of multiple angiogliomas.
angiogliosis
Glial scarring about a blood vessel or a condition of multiple angiogliomas.
Angiogram
: An x-ray of blood vessels which can be seen because the patient receives an injection of dye to outline the vessels on the x-ray. * * * Radiograph obtained by angiography. ...
angiographic
Relating to or using angiography.
angiography
Radiography of vessels after the injection of a radiopaque contrast material; usually requires percutaneous insertion of a radiopaque catheter and positioning under ...
Angiography, coronary
The most accurate method (the "gold standard") for evaluating and defining coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary angiography is used to identify the exact location and ...
Angiography, fluorescein
A test to examine blood vessels in the retina, choroid, and iris of the eye. A special dye is injected into a vein in the arm and pictures are taken as the dye passes through the ...
angiohyalinosis
Hyaline degeneration of the walls of the blood vessel s. [angio- + G. hyalos, glass, + -osis, condition]
angiohypertonia
SYN: vasospasm. [angio- + G. hyper, over, + tonos, tension]
angiohypotonia
SYN: vasoparalysis. [angio- + G. hypo, under, + tonos, tension]
angioid
Resembling blood vessel s; an arborizing pattern. [angio- + G. eidos, resemblance]
Angioid streaks
Tiny breaks in the elastin-filled tissue in the back of the eye (retinae). These abnormalities are visible to the doctor during an examination using a viewing instrument called an ...
angioinvasive
Denoting a neoplasm or other pathologic condition capable of entering the vascular bed.
angiokeratoma
A superficial intradermal capillary acquired telangiectasis, over which there is a wartlike hyperkeratosis and acanthosis. SYN: keratoangioma, telangiectasia verrucosa, ...
Angiokeratoma corporis diffusum universale
A genetic disease, also known as Fabry disease, due to deficiency of an enzyme called alpha-galactosidase A. This enzyme is essential to the metabolism of molecules known as ...
angiokeratosis
The occurrence of multiple angiokeratomas.
angioleiomyoma
SYN: vascular leiomyoma.
angiolipofibroma
SYN: angiofibrolipoma.
angiolipoma
A lipoma that contains an unusually large number, or foci of proliferated, neoplasticlike, frequently dilated vascular channels. SYN: lipoma cavernosum, telangiectatic ...
angiolith
An arteriolith or a phlebolith. [angio- + G. lithos, stone]
angiolithic
Relating to an angiolith.
angiologia
SYN: angiology. [angio- + G. logos, treatise, discourse]
angiology
The science concerned with the blood vessel s and lymphatics in all their relations. SYN: angiologia. [angio- + G. logos, treatise, discourse]
angiolysis
Obliteration of a blood vessel, such as occurs in the newborn infant after tying of the umbilical cord. [angio- + G. lysis, destruction]
angioma
A swelling or tumor due to proliferation, with or without dilation, of the blood vessel s ( hemangioma) or lymphatics (lymphangioma). [angio- + G. -oma, tumor] - acquired tufted ...
angiomatoid
Resembling a tumor of vascular origin.
angiomatosis
A condition characterized by multiple angiomas. - bacillary a. 1. an infection of immunocompromised patients by a newly recognized Rickettsial species Rochalimaea henselae, ...
Angiomatosis, bacillary
A bacterial infection due to a cat scratch most often seen today in people with HIV. The disease characteristically presents with swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenitis), sore throat, ...
angiomatous
Relating to or resembling an angioma.
angiomegaly
Enlargement of blood vessel s or lymphatics. [angio- + G. megas, large]
angiomyocardiac
Relating to the blood vessel s and the cardiac muscle. [angio- + G. mys, muscle, + kardia, heart]
angiomyofibroma
SYN: vascular leiomyoma.
angiomyolipoma
A benign neoplasm of adipose tissue ( lipoma) in which muscle cells and vascular structures are fairly conspicuous; most commonly a renal tumor containing smooth muscle, often ...
angiomyoma
SYN: vascular leiomyoma. [angio- + G. mys, muscle, + -oma, tumor]
angiomyopathy
Any disease of blood vessel s involving the muscular layer. [angio- + G. mys, muscle, + pathos, suffering]
angiomyosarcoma
A myosarcoma that has an unusually large number of proliferated, frequently dilated, vascular channels.
angiomyxoma
A myxoma in which there is an unusually large number of vascular structures. - aggressive a. locally invasive, but nonmetastasizing tumor of genital organs in young women.
Angiomyxoma, aggressive
A slow-growing tumor of stromal cells which occurs primarily in the genital and pelvic regions. This tumor is much more common in women. It can range from relatively small tumors ...
angioneurectomy
Excision of the vessels and nerves of a part. [angio- + G. neuron, nerve, + ektome, excision]
angioneuropathy
A vascular disorder attributed to an abnormality of the autonomic nervous system fibers supplying the blood vessel s ( i.e., the vasomotor system.
angioneurotic
Relating to angioneuroses.
Angioneurotic edema, hereditary
A genetic form of angioedema. (Angioedema is also referred to as Quinke’s disease.) Persons with it are born lacking an inhibitor protein (called C1 esterase inhibitor) ...
angioneurotomy
Division of both nerves and vessels of a part. [angio- + G. neuron, nerve, + tome, a cutting]
angioparalysis
SYN: vasoparalysis.
angioparesis
SYN: vasoparesis.
angiopathic
Relating to angiopathy.
Angiopathy
Disease of the blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries). There are two basic types of angiopathy: microangiopathy and macroangiopathy. In microangiopathy, the walls of ...
angiophacomatosis, angiophakomatosis
The angiomatous phacomatoses e.g., von Hippel-Lindau disease and the Sturge- Weber syndrome.
angioplany
SYN: angiectopia. [angio- + G. plane, a wandering]
Angioplasty
Procedure with a balloon-tipped catheter to enlarge a narrowing in a coronary artery. Also called Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA). * * * Reconstitution or ...
angiopoiesis
Formation of blood or lymphatic vessels. SYN: vasifaction, vasoformation. [angio- + G. poiesis, making]
angiopoietic
Relating to angiopoiesis. SYN: vasifactive, vasofactive, vasoformative.
angiorrhaphy
Suture repair of any vessel, especially of a blood vessel. [angio- + G. rhaphe, a seam]
angiosarcoma
A rare malignant neoplasm occurring most often in soft tissues, and believed to originate from the endothelial cells of blood vessel s; microscopically composed of spindle-shaped ...
angioscope
A modified microscope for studying the capillary vessels and a scope used for viewing larger vessels. [angio- + G. skopeo, to view]
angioscopy
1. Visualization with a microscope of the passage of substances ( e.g., contrast media, radiopaque agents) through capillaries after intravenous injection. 2. Visualization of ...
angioscotoma
Ribbon-shaped defect of the visual fields caused by the retinal vessels overlying photoreceptors. [angio- + G. skotoma, dizziness, vertigo]
angioscotometry
The measurement or projection of the angioscotoma pattern.
angiosis
SYN: angiopathy.
angiosome
Composite anatomic vascular territories of skin and underlying muscles, tendons, nerves, and bones, based on segmental or distributing arteries.
angiospasm
SYN: vasospasm.
angiospastic
SYN: vasospastic.
Angiostatin
Angiostatin is a piece (a fragment) of a protein, plasminogen, used normally in blood clotting. This fragment is normally secreted by tumors. It appears to halt the process of ...
angiostenosis
Narrowing of one or more blood vessel s. [angio- + G. stenosis, a narrowing]
angiostrongylosis
Infection of animals and humans with nematodes of the genus Angiostrongylus. SYN: eosinophilic meningitis.
Angiostrongylus
A genus of metastrongyle nematodes parasitic in respiratory or circulatory systems of rodents, carnivores, and marsupials. SYN: Parastrongylus. [G. angeion, vessel, + ...
angiotelectasis, angiotelectasia
SYN: telangiectasia. [angio- + G. telos, end, + ektasis, a stretching out]
Angiotensin
A family of peptides (smaller than proteins) that act as vasoconstrictors to narrow blood vessels. * * * A family of peptides of known and similar sequence, with vasoconstrictive ...
angiotensin amide
A synthetic substance closely related to the naturally occurring angiotensin II; a potent vasopressor agent useful in the management of certain types of shock and circulatory ...
angiotensin I
A decapeptide of slightly variable sequence, depending on the animal source, formed from the tetradecapeptide angiotensinogen by the removal of four amino acid residues, a ...
angiotensin II
A vasoactive octapeptide produced by the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme on angiotensin I; produces stimulation of vascular smooth muscle, promotes aldosterone ...
angiotensin III
A vasoactive heptapeptide less potent than angiotensin II on vascular smooth muscle but approximately equally active in promoting aldosterone secretion.
angiotensin precursor
SYN: angiotensinogen.
angiotensinase
Former name for the enzyme responsible for converting angiotensin I to II; now applied to the enzyme that degrades angiotensin II. It hydrolyzes a peptide bond between a tyrosyl ...
angiotensinogen
The substrate for renin whereupon through enzymatic action angiotensin I is liberated; an abundant α2-globulin that circulates in the blood plasma. SYN: angiotensin ...
angiotomy
Sectioning of a blood vessel, or the creation of an opening into a vessel prior to its repair. [angio- + G. tome, cutting]
Angle
Edward Hartley, U.S. orthodontist, 1855–1930. See A. classification of malocclusion.
angle
The meeting point of two lines or planes; the figure formed by the junction of two lines or planes; the space bounded on two sides by lines or planes that meet. For angles not ...
Angle-closure glaucoma
This condition can be acute or chronic. It consists of increased pressure in the front chamber (anterior chamber) of the eye due to sudden (acute) or slowly progressive (chronic) ...
Angle-closure glaucoma, acute
Increased pressure in the front chamber (anterior chamber) of the eye due to sudden (acute) blockage of the normal circulation of fluid within the eye. The block takes place at ...
angor
Rarely used term for extreme distress or mental anguish. [L. quinsy, anguish] - a. animi the sense of being in the act of dying, differing from the fear of death or the desire ...
Ångström
Anders J., Swedish physicist, 1814–1874. See angstrom, Ångström law, Ångström unit, Ångström scale.
angstrom
A unit of wavelength, 10−10 m, roughly the diameter of an atom; equivalent to 0.1 nm. [AJ Ångström]
Anguillula
Old name for a genus of free-living nematodes. See Turbatrix. [Mod. L. dim. of L. anguilla, eel]

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