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Слова на букву anch-basi (2629)

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anthracosilicosis
Pneumonoconiosis from accumulation of carbon and silica in the lungs from inhaled coal dust; the silica content produces fibrous nodules. SYN: coal worker's pneumoconiosis. [ ...
anthracosis
Pneumonoconiosis from accumulation of carbon from inhaled smoke or coal dust in the lungs. SEE ALSO: pneumomelanosis. SYN: collier lung, miner's lung (1). [ anthraco- + G. ...
anthracotic
Characterized by anthracosis.
Anthracycline
A member of a family of chemotherapy drugs that are also antibiotics. The anthracyclines act to prevent cell division by disrupting the structure of the DNA and terminate its ...
anthralin
Used as a substitute for chrysarobin in ointment for treatment of psoriasis and ringworm infestation. SYN: dithranol.
anthramucin
A neutralizing material from the capsule of Bacillus anthracis that neutralizes serum and tissue antimicrobial action.
anthranilic acid
One of the products of tryptophan catabolism. SYN: o-aminobenzoic acid.
anthraniloyl
The acyl radical of anthranilic acid.
anthrapurpurin
C14H8O5; 1,2,7-Trihydroxyanthraquinone; a purple dye used in histology as a reagent for calcium, although the specificity has been questioned.
anthrax
1. A disease in humans caused by infection by cutaneous a. ( q.v.) followed by septicemia with the bacterium Bacillus anthracis from infected animals through skin; marked by ...
anthrone
9,10-Dihydro-9-oxoanthracene; a reagent used in the detection of carbohydrates.
anthropo-
Human. [G. anthropos, a human being (of either sex)]
anthropobiology
The study of the biologic relationships of humans as a species.
anthropocentric
With a human bias; under the assumption that humans are the central fact of the universe. [ anthropo- + G. kentron, center]
anthropogenesis
SYN: anthropogeny.
anthropogenic, anthropogenetic
Relating to anthropogeny.
anthropogeny
The origin and development of man, both individual and racial. SYN: anthropogenesis, anthropogony. [ anthropo- + G. genesis, origin]
anthropogony
SYN: anthropogeny.
anthropography
The geographical distribution of the varieties of human beings. [ anthropo- + G. grapho, to write]
anthropoid
1. Resembling humans in structure and form. 2. One of the monkeys resembling humans; an ape. [G. anthropo-eides, man-like]
Anthropoidea
A suborder of the mammalian order Primates, that comprises the families Cebidae (New World monkeys), Callithricidae (marmosets), Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys), Pongidae ...
anthropology
The branch of science concerned with origin and development of humans in all their physical, social, and cultural relationships. [ anthropo- + G. logos, treatise] - applied a. a ...
anthropometer
An instrument for measuring various dimensions of the human body.
anthropometric
Relating to anthropometry.
anthropometry
The branch of anthropology concerned with comparative measurements of the human body. [ anthropo- + G. metron, measure]
anthropomorphism
Ascription of human shape or qualities to nonhuman creatures or inanimate objects. Cf.:theriomorphism. [ anthropo- + G. morphe, form]
anthroponomy
The study of the laws governing the development of the human species and the relation to the environment. [ anthropo- + G. nomos, law]
anthropopathy
Attribution of human feelings to nonhumans, e.g., to gods or lower animals. [ anthropo- + G. pathos, suffering]
anthropophilic
Human-seeking or human-preferring, especially with reference to: 1) bloodsucking arthropods, denoting the preference of a parasite for the human host as a source of blood or ...
anthropophobia
Morbid aversion to or dread of human companionship. [ anthropo- + G. phobos, fear]
anthroposcopy
Judging body type and build by inspection. [ anthropo- + G. skopeo, to view]
anthroposomatology
That part of anthropology concerned with the human body, e.g., anatomy, physiology, or pathology. [ anthropo- + G. soma, body, + logos, study]
anthropozoonosis
A zoonosis maintained in nature by animals and transmissible to humans; e.g., rabies, brucellosis. Cf.:zooanthroponosis, amphixenosis. [ anthropo- + G. zoon, animal, + nosos, ...
anti-
1. Against, opposing or, in relation to symptoms and diseases, curative. 2. Prefix denoting an antibody ( immunoglobulin) specific for the thing indicated; e.g., antitoxin ...
Anti-angiogenesis drugs
These drugs, which include angiostatin and Endostatin, halt the process of developing new blood vessels (angiogenesis). Angiostatin is a piece of a larger and very common ...
anti-G
In the strict sense, a term that means “antigravity” but, as commonly used, an adjectival term that implies protection against the effects of gravity ( e.g., anti- G suit).
anti-HBc
Antibody to the hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg).
anti-HBe
Antibody to the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg).
anti-HBs
Antibody to the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).
anti-icteric
Rarely used term for preventing or curing icterus (jaundice).
Anti-infective
Something capable of acting against infection, by inhibiting the spread of an infectious agent or by killing the infectious agent outright. Anti-infective is a general term that ...
anti-insulin
A factor, usually an antibody, which antagonizes the action of insulin.
Anti-platelet agents
Medications that, like aspirin, reduce the tendency of platelets in the blood to clump and clot.
anti-S
See MNS blood group, Blood Groups appendix.
antiacid
SYN: antacid.
antiadrenergic
Antagonistic to the action of sympathetic or other adrenergic nerve fibers. SEE ALSO: sympatholytic.
antiagglutinin
A specific antibody that inhibits or destroys the action of an agglutinin.
antialexin
SYN: anticomplement.
antiallergic
Relating to any agent or measure that prevents, inhibits, or alleviates an allergic reaction.
antianaphylaxis
SYN: desensitization (1).
antiandrogen
Any substance capable of preventing full expression of the biologic effects of androgenic hormones on responsive tissues, either by producing antagonistic effects on the target ...
antianemic
Pertaining to factors or substances that prevent or correct anemic conditions.
antiantibody
Antibody specific for another antibody.
antiantitoxin
An antiantibody that inhibits or counteracts the effects of an antitoxin.
antiarachnolysin
An antivenin counteracting the poison (lysin) of a spider. [anti- + G. arachne, spider, + lysin]
antiarrhythmic
Combating an arrhythmia. SYN: antidysrhythmic.
antiarthritic
1. Relieving arthritis. 2. A remedy for arthritis. SYN: antarthritic.
antiasthmatic
1. Tending to relieve or prevent asthma. 2. An agent that prevents or aborts an asthmatic attack. SYN: antasthmatic.
antiautolysin
An antibody that inhibits or neutralizes the activity of an autolysin.
Antibacterial
Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability to reproduce. Heat, chemicals (chlorine), and antibiotic drugs all have antibacterial properties. * * ...
antibechic
SYN: antitussive. [anti- + G. bex (bech-), cough]
antibiont
A microorganism producing antimicrobial substance.
antibiosis
1. An association of two organisms that is detrimental to one of them, in contrast to probiosis. 2. Production of an antibiotic by bacteria or other organisms inhibitory to ...
Antibiotic
A drug used to treat bacterial infections. The original definition of an antibiotic was a substance produced by one microorganism that selectively inhibits the growth of another ...
Antibiotic resistance
The ability of bacteria and other microorganisms to withstand an antibiotic to which they were once sensitive (and were once stalled or killed outright). Also called drug ...
antibiotic-resistant
Indicating microorganisms that continue to multiply although exposed to antibiotic agents.
antibiotin
SYN: avidin.
antiblennorrhagic
Rarely used term for: 1. Preventive or curative of a mucous discharge (blennorrhagia). 2. A remedy possessing such properties.
antibody
An immunoglobulin molecule produced by B lymphoid cells with a specific amino acid sequence evoked in humans or other animals by an antigen (immunogen). These molecules are ...
Antibody, antinuclear
An unusual antibody that is directed against structures within the nucleus of the cell. Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are found in patients whose immune system is predisposed to ...
Antibody, antithyroglobulin
An antibody directed against thyroglobulin which is a key protein in the thyroid gland essential to the production of thyroid hormones (thyroxine and triiodothyronine). ...
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity
An immune response in which antibody, by coating target cells, makes them vulnerable to attack by immune cells. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity is commonly (and ...
antibrachial
Incorrect spelling of antebrachial.
antibrachium
Incorrect spelling of antebrachium.
antibromic
1. Deodorizing. 2. A deodorizer. [anti- + G. bromos, smell]
anticalculous
SYN: antilithic.
anticarious
Preventing or inhibiting caries.
anticathexis
In psychoanalysis, the shifting of an emotional charge to an impulse or action of an opposite character; e.g., unconscious hatred expressed as conscious love. SYN: ...
anticephalalgic
Headache-relieving or preventing.
anticholagogue
Rarely used term for an agent or process that reduces or suspends the flow of bile.
Anticholinergic
The action of certain medications that inhibit the transmission of parasympathetic nerve impulses and thereby reduce spasms of smooth muscle (such as that, for example, in the ...
anticholinesterase
One of the drugs that inhibit or inactivate acetylcholinesterase, either reversibly ( e.g., physostigmine) or irreversibly ( e.g., tetraethyl pyrophosphate).
anticipate
To come before the appointed time; said of a periodic symptom or disease, such as a malarial paroxysm, when it recurs at progressively shorter intervals. [L. anticipo, pp. ...
anticipation
1. Appearance before the appointed time of a periodic symptom or sign. 2. Progressively earlier age of manifestation of a hereditary disease in successive generations; may be ...
anticlinal
Inclined in opposite directions, as two sides of a pyramid. [anti- + G. klino, to incline]
anticnemion
SYN: anterior border of tibia. [G. antiknemion]
Anticoagulant
Any agent used to prevent the formation of blood clots. Anticoagulants have various uses. Some are used for the prophylaxis (prevention) or the treatment of thromboembolic ...
Anticoagulant agent
A medication used as a "blood-thinner" to prevent the formation of blood clots and to maintain open blood vessels. Anticoagulants have various uses. Some are used for ...
anticodon
The trinucleotide sequence complementary to a codon found in one loop of a tRNA molecule; e.g., if a codon is A—G—C, its a. is U (or T)—C—G. The complementarity ...
anticomplement
A substance that combines with a complement component and neutralizes its action by preventing its union with an antibody. SYN: antialexin.
anticomplementary
Denoting a substance possessing the power of diminishing or abolishing the action of a complement.
anticontagious
Preventing contagion.
Anticonvulsant
A medication used to control (prevent) seizures (convulsions) or stop an ongoing series of seizures. There are a large number of anticonvulsant drugs today including, but not ...
anticonvulsive
SYN: anticonvulsant.
anticurare
A drug property referring to the capacity to reverse the muscle paralysis produced by d-tubocurarine and other curarelike neuromuscular blocking drugs. Examples include ...
anticus
A term in anatomic nomenclature to designate a muscle or other structure which of all similar structures is nearest the front or ventral surface. Nomina Anatomica uses ...
anticytotoxin
A specific antibody that inhibits or destroys the activity of a cytotoxin.
antidepressant
1. Counteracting depression. 2. An agent used in treating depression. - tetracyclic a. a class of antidepressants similar to the tricyclic antidepressants and also related to the ...
Antidepressant, MAOI
Monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI), one of a potent class of medications used to treat depression.
Antidepressant, tricyclic
One of a class of medications used to treat depression. The tricyclic antidepressants are also used for some forms of anxiety, fibromyalgia, and the control of chronic pain. ...
antidiabetic
Counteracting diabetes; denoting an agent that lowers blood sugar ( e.g., tolbutamide, insulin).
antidiarrheal, antidiarrhetic
1. Having the property of opposing or correcting diarrhea. 2. An agent having such action ( e.g., loperamide).
antidiuresis
Reduction of urinary volume.
antidiuretic
An agent that reduces the output of urine.
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
A relatively small (peptide) molecule that is released by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain after being made nearby (in the hypothalamus). ADH has an antidiuretic ...
antidotal
Relating to or acting as an antidote.
Antidote
An agent that counteracts a poison and neutralizes its effects. A chemical antidote is a substance that unites with a poison to form a harmless chemical compound. A mechanical ...
antidromic
Denoting the propagation of an impulse along a conduction system ( e.g., nerve fiber) in the direction opposite to which it normally travels.
antidysenteric
Relieving or preventing dysentery.
antidysrhythmic
SYN: antiarrhythmic.
antidysuric
Preventing or relieving strangury or distress in urination.
antiemetic
1. Preventing or arresting vomiting. 2. A remedy that tends to control nausea and vomiting. [anti- + G. emetikos, emetic]
antienergic
Acting against or in opposition. [anti- + G. energos, active]
antienzyme
An agent or principle that retards, inhibits, or destroys the activity of an enzyme; may be an inhibitory enzyme or an antibody to an enzyme ( e.g., serum antitrypsin).
antiepileptic
SYN: anticonvulsant.
Antiestrogen
A substance that can prevent the full expression of estrogen. Antiestrogens act by exerting antagonistic effects on target tissues (androgens and progestogens act in this way) or ...
antifebrile
SYN: antipyretic (1). [anti- + L. febris, fever]
antifibrillatory
Any measure or medication that tends to suppress fibrillary arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation).
antifibrinolysin
SYN: antiplasmin.
antifibrinolytic
Denoting a substance that decreases the breakdown of fibrin; e.g., aminocaproic acid.
antifolic
1. Antagonistic to the action of folic acid. 2. Any agent with this effect. SEE ALSO: folic acid antagonists, under antagonist.
Antifreeze poisoning
Poisoning from antifreeze which today is usually ethylene glycol — a clear, colorless, odorless liquid with a sweet taste — that can produce dramatic and dangerous toxicity. ...
Antifungal
A drug used to treat fungal infections. Examples of antifungal drugs include miconazole (MONISTAT) and clotrimazole (LOTRIMIN, MYCELEX). * * * SYN: antimycotic.
Antifungal agent
A drug used to treat fungal infections. Examples of antifungal drugs include miconazole (MONISTAT) and clotrimazole (LOTRIMIN, MYCELEX).
Antifungal drug
A drug used to treat fungal infections. Examples of antifungal drugs include miconazole (MONISTAT) and clotrimazole (LOTRIMIN, MYCELEX).
Antifungal medication
A drug used to treat fungal infections. Examples of antifungal drugs include miconazole (MONISTAT) and clotrimazole (LOTRIMIN, MYCELEX).
antigen
Any substance that, as a result of coming in contact with appropriate cells, induces a state of sensitivity and/or immune responsiveness after a latent period (days to weeks) and ...
Antigen, prostate specific (PSA)
A test used to screen for cancer of the prostate and to monitor treatment. PSA is a protein produced by the prostate gland. Although most PSA is carried out of the body in ...
antigenemia
Persistence of antigen in circulating blood; e.g., HBs-a. (presence of hepatitis B virus surface antigen in blood serum). [antigen + G. haima, blood]
antigenic
Having the properties of an antigen (allergen). SYN: allergenic, immunogenic.
antigenicity
The state or property of being antigenic. SYN: immunogenicity.
antigenome
The complementary positive RNA strand on which is made the negative-strand genome of viruses.
antigonorrheic
Curative of gonorrhea.
antigravity
See anti- G.
antihelix
An elevated ridge of cartilage anterior and roughly parallel to the posterior portion of the helix of the external ear. SYN: anthelix.
antihelminthic
SYN: anthelmintic (1).
antihemagglutinin
A substance (including antibody) that inhibits or prevents hemagglutination.
antihemolysin
A substance (including antibody) that inhibits or prevents the effects of hemolysin.
antihemolytic
Preventing hemolysis.
antihemorrhagic
Arresting hemorrhage. SYN: hemostatic (2).
Antihistamines
Drugs that combat the histamine released during an allergic reaction by blocking the action of the histamine on the tissue. Antihistamines do not stop the formation of ...
antihistaminic
1. Tending to neutralize or antagonize the action of histamine or to inhibit its production in the body. 2. An agent having such an effect can be used to relieve the symptoms ...
antihormones
Substances demonstrable in serum that inhibit or prevent the usual effects of certain hormones, e.g., specific antibodies.
antihydropic
1. Relieving edema (dropsy). 2. An agent that mobilizes accumulated fluids.
Antihypertensive
Something that reduces high blood pressure (hypertension). * * * Indicating a drug or mode of treatment that reduces the blood pressure of hypertensive individuals.
antihypnotic
1. Preventing or tending to prevent sleep. 2. An arousing agent, or one antagonistic to sleep.
antihypotensive
Any measure or medication that tends to raise reduced blood pressure.
Antiinfective
Something capable of acting against infection, by inhibiting the spread of an infectious agent or by killing the infectious agent outright. Anti-infective is a general term that ...
antiinflammatory
Reducing inflammation by acting on body responses, without directly antagonizing the causative agent; denoting agents such as glucocorticoids and aspirin.
antiketogenesis
Prevention or reduction of ketosis either by decreased production or increased utilization of ketone bodies.
antiketogenic
Inhibiting the formation of ketone bodies, or accelerating their utilization.
antileukocidin
1. A substance that inhibits or prevents the effects of leukocidin. 2. A leukocidin-specific antibody.
antileukotoxin
A substance (including antibody) that inhibits or prevents the effects of leukocytoxin; frequently regarded as synonymous with antileukocidin.
antileukotriene
A drug that prevents or alleviates bronchoconstriction in asthma by blocking the production or action of naturally occurring leukotrienes; may also be useful in psoriasis.In ...
antilewisite
SYN: dimercaprol.
antilipotropic
Pertaining to substances depressing choline synthesis ( e.g., by competing for methyl groups) and thus enhancing dietary fatty liver.
antilithic
1. Preventing the formation of calculi or promoting their dissolution. 2. An agent so acting. SYN: anticalculous. [anti- + G. lithos, stone]
antilobium
SYN: tragus (1). [L., fr. G. antilobion]
antiluteogenic
Inhibiting the growth or hastening involution of the corpus luteum.
antilysin
An antibody that inhibits or prevents the effects of lysin.
Antimalarial
A drug directed against malaria. The original antimalarial agent was quinine which took its name from the Peruvian Indian word "kina" meaning " bark of the tree." A large and ...
antimere
1. A segment of an animal body formed by planes cutting the axis of the body at right angles. 2. One of the symmetrical parts of a bilateral organism. 3. The right or left half ...
antimesenteric
Pertaining to the part of the intestine that lies opposite the mesenteric attachment.
antimetabolite
A substance that competes with, replaces, or antagonizes a particular metabolite; e.g., ethionine is an a. of methionine.
antimetropia
A form of anisometropia in which one eye is myopic and the other hypermetropic. [anti- + G. metron, measure, + ops, eye]
Antimicrobial
A drug used to treat a microbial infection. "Antimicrobial" is a general term that refers to a group of drugs that includes antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoals, and ...
Antimicrobial agent
A drug used to treat a microbial infection. " Antimicrobial" is a general term that refers to a group of drugs that includes antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoals, and ...
Antimicrobial drug
A drug used to treat a microbial infection. " Antimicrobial" is a general term that refers to a group of drugs that includes antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoals, and ...
Antimicrobial medication
A drug used to treat a microbial infection. The term " antimicrobial" is a general one that refers to a group of drugs that includes antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoals, and ...
antimitotic
1. Having an arresting action upon mitosis. 2. A drug having such an effect; e.g., a folic acid antagonist that is used in leukemia to inhibit the multiplication of white ...
antimongoloid
The condition in which the lateral portion of the palpebral fissure is lower than the medial portion.
antimonid
A chemical compound containing antimony in union with a more positive element; e.g., sodium a., Na3Sb.
antimonous oxide
SYN: antimony trioxide.
antimony
A metallic element, atomic no. 51, atomic wt. 121.757, valences 0, −3, +3, +5; used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. SYN: stibium. [G. anti + ...
antimonyl
The univalent radical, SbO—, of antimony.
antimuscarinic
Inhibiting or preventing the actions of muscarine and muscarinelike agents, or the effects of parasympathetic stimulation at the neuroeffector junction ( e.g., atropine).
antimutagen
A factor that reduces or interferes with the mutagenic actions or effects of a substance.
antimutagenic
Pertaining to or characteristic of an antimutagen.
antimyasthenic
Tending toward the correction of the symptoms of myasthenia gravis, e.g., as in the action of neostigmine.
antimycotic
Antagonistic to fungi. SYN: antifungal. [anti- + G. mykes, fungus]
antinauseant
Having an action to prevent nausea.
antineoplastic
Preventing the development, maturation, or spread of neoplastic cells.
antineoplastons
Mixtures of various chemicals such as amino acid s and peptides, with theoretical support as natural defense aids against cancer and various other diseases.
antineurotoxin
An antibody to a neurotoxin.
antiniad
Toward the antinion.
antinial
Relating to the antinion.
antinion
The space between the eyebrows; the point on the skull opposite the inion. SEE ALSO: glabella. [anti- + G. inion, nape of the neck]
antinomy
A contradiction between two principles, each of which is considered true. [anti- + G. nomos, law]
antinuclear
Having an affinity for or reacting with the cell nucleus.
Antinuclear antibody
An unusual antibody that is directed against structures within the nucleus of the cell. Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are found in patients whose immune system is predisposed to ...
Antinuclear antibody test
A test for unusual antibodies that are directed against structures within the nucleus of the cell. Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) indicate the possible presence of autoimmunity. ...
antiodontalgic
1. Relieving toothache. 2. A toothache remedy. [anti- + G. odous, tooth, + algos, pain]
antioncogene
SYN: tumor suppressor gene.
Antioxidant
Any substance that reduces oxidative damage (damage due to oxygen) such as that caused by free radicals. Free radicals are highly reactive chemicals that attack molecules by ...
antipain
A peptide that inhibits the proteolytic enzymes, papain, trypsin, and plasmin. [anti- + papain]
antiparallel
Denoting molecules that are parallel but have opposite directional polarity; e.g., the two strands of a DNA double helix.
antiparasitic
Destructive to parasites.
antipedicular
Destructive to lice.
antipediculotic
Effective in the treatment of pediculosis, especially denoting such an agent.
antiperiodic
Preventing the regular recurrence of a disease ( e.g., malaria) or a symptom.
antiperistalsis
SYN: reversed peristalsis.
antiperistaltic
1. Relating to antiperistalsis. 2. Impeding or arresting peristalsis.
antiperspirant
1. Having an inhibitory action upon the secretion of sweat. 2. An agent having such an action ( e.g., aluminum chloride). SYN: anhidrotic (2).
antiphagocytic
Impeding or preventing the action of the phagocytes.
antiphlogistic
1. Older term denoting preventing or relieving inflammation. 2. An agent that reduces inflammation. SYN: antipyrotic (1). [anti- + G. phogistos, burnt up]
antiphobic
A mechanism or drug designed to control phobias.
Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APLS)
An immune disorder characterized by the presence of abnormal antibodies in the blood associated with abnormal blood clotting, migraine headaches, recurrent pregnancy losses ...
antiplasmin
A substance that inhibits or prevents the effects of plasmin; found in plasma and some tissues, especially the spleen and liver. SYN: antifibrinolysin.
antiplatelet
A substance that manifests a lytic or agglutinative action on the blood platelets, thereby inhibiting or destroying the effects of the latter.
antipneumococcic
Destructive to, or repressing the growth of, the pneumococcus ( e.g., penicillin).
antipodal
Denoting opposite positions; positioned at opposite sides of a cell or other body.
antipode
That which is diametrically opposite. [G. antipous, with the feet opposite] - optic a. SYN: enantiomer.
antiport
The coupled transport of two different molecules or ions through a membrane in opposite directions by a common carrier mechanism (antiporter). Cf.:symport, uniport. [anti- + L. ...
antiporter
A protein responsible for mediating the transport of two different molecules or ions simultaneously in opposite directions through a membrane.
antiprecipitin
A specific antibody that inhibits or prevents the effects of a precipitin.
antiprogestin
A substance that inhibits progesterone formation, that interferes with its carriage or stability in the blood, or that reduces its uptake by, or effects on, target organs ( ...
antiprothrombin
An anticoagulant that inhibits or prevents the conversion of prothrombin into thrombin; examples are heparin, which is present in various tissues (especially in liver), and ...
Antiprotozoal
Something that destroys protozoa or inhibits their growth and ability to reproduce. A few of the protozoa of medical importance include Plasmodium (the cause of malaria); ...
Antiprotozoal drug
Something that destroys protozoa or inhibits their growth and ability to reproduce. A few of the protozoa of medical importance include Plasmodium (the cause of malaria); ...
antipruritic
1. Preventing or relieving itching. 2. An agent that relieves itching.
Antipsychotic
A drug (or another measure) that is effective in the treatment of psychoses. * * * 1. SYN: a. agent. 2. Denoting the actions of such an agent ( e.g., chlorpromazine).
antipurine
An analog of the purines and purine nucleotides that acts as an antimetabolite.
antipyogenic
Preventing suppuration. [anti- + G. pyon, pus, + -gen, production]
antipyresis
Symptomatic treatment of fever rather than of the underlying disease.
Antipyretic
Something that reduces fever or quells it. There are 3 classes of antipyretic medications that are sold OTC (over-the-counter) without prescription: {{}}Salicylates — aspirin ...
antipyrimidine
An analog of the pyrimidines and pyrimidine nucleotides that acts as an antimetabolite.
antipyrine
An obsolescent analgesic and antipyretic. - a. acetylsalicylate a compound of a. and aspirin; an antirheumatic and analgesic. - a. salicylacetate an analgesic, antirheumatic, ...
antipyrotic
1. SYN: antiphlogistic. 2. Relieving the pain and promoting the healing of superficial burns. 3. A topical application for burns. [anti- + G. pyrotikos, burning, inflaming]
antirachitic
Promoting the cure of rickets or preventing its development ( e.g., vitamin D preparations).
antirheumatic
1. Denoting an agent that suppresses manifestations of rheumatic disease; usually applied to antiinflammatory agents or agents that are capable of delaying progression of the ...
antiricin
An antibody or antitoxin that inhibits or prevents the effects of ricin.
antiruminant
Denoting a method to 1) control regurgitation of food or 2) break a compulsive trend of thought. [anti- + L. rumino, to chew the cud, fr. rumen, throat]
antiscorbutic
1. Preventive or curative of scurvy (scorbutus). 2. A treatment for scurvy ( e.g., vitamin C).
antiseborrheic
1. Preventing or relieving excessive secretion of sebum; preventing or relieving seborrheic dermatitis. 2. An agent having such actions.
antisecretory
Inhibitory to secretion, said of certain drugs that reduce or suppress gastric secretion ( e.g., ranitidine, omeprazole).
antisense
See a. DNA, a. RNA.
Antisense DNA
In double-stranded DNA, only one strand codes for the RNA that is translated into protein. The strand that does not do so is called the antisense strand. Another way of defining ...
Antisense drug
A medication containing part of the non-coding strand of messenger RNA (mRNA), a key molecule involved in the translation of DNA into protein. Antisense drugs hybridize with ...
Antisense RNA
The non-coding strand complementary to a coding sequence of messenger RNA (mRNA), a molecule involved in translating genetic instructions into proteins.
Antisepsis
Prevention of infection by inhibiting or arresting the growth and multiplication of germs (infectious agents). Antisepsis implies scrupulously clean and free of all living ...
Antiseptic
Something that discourages the growth microorganisms. By contrast, aseptic refers to the absence of microorganisms. * * * 1. Relating to antisepsis. 2. An agent or substance ...
antiserum
Serum that contains demonstrable antibody or antibodies specific for one ( monovalent or specific a.) or more ( polyvalent a.) antigens; may be prepared from the blood of animals ...
antishock garment
See military antishock trousers, pneumatic antishock garment.
antisialagogue
An agent that diminishes or arrests the flow of saliva ( e.g., atropine). [anti- + G. sialon, saliva, + agogos, drawing forth]
antisideric
Counteracting the physiological action of iron, probably by chelating or precipitation. [anti- + G. sideros, iron]
antisocial
Opposed to the rights of individuals or to the legal norms of society; e.g., the a. personality, the psychopath. Cf.:asocial.
Antispasmodic
1) A medication that lowers the incidence of or prevents seizures. 2) A medication that lowers the incidence of or prevents muscle spasms. * * * 1. Preventing or alleviating ...
antistaphylococcic
Antagonistic to staphylococci or their toxins.
antistaphylolysin
A substance that antagonizes or neutralizes the action of staphylolysin.
antisteapsin
An antibody counteracting the action of triacylglycerol lipase (steapsin).
antistreptococcic
Destructive to streptococci or antagonistic to their toxins.
antistreptokinase
An antibody that inhibits or prevents the dissolution of fibrin by streptokinase.
antistreptolysin
An antibody that inhibits or prevents the effects of streptolysin O elaborated by group A streptococci; the amount of a. in the serum is frequently increased during and after ...
antitac
Monoclonal antibody that recognizes the alpha chain of the IL-2 receptor.
antitermination
A state of bacterial RNA polymerase wherein it is resistant to pause, arrest, or termination signals. SEE ALSO: hesitant, overdrive.
antitetanic
Preventing or alleviating muscular contraction.
antithenar
SYN: hypothenar eminence.
antithrombin
Any substance that inhibits or prevents the effects of thrombin in such a manner that blood does not coagulate. A deficiency of a. results in impaired inhibition of coagulation ...
Antithyroglobulin
An antibody directed against thyroglobulin which is a key protein in the thyroid gland essential to the production of thyroid hormones (thyroxine and triiodothyronine). ...
antithyroid
Relating to an agent that suppresses thyroid function ( e.g., propylthiouracil).
Antithyroid antibody
An antibody directed against the thyroid gland, a gland which produces thyroid hormones (such as, for example, thyroxine and triiodothyronine). Antithyroid antibodies can be ...
Antithyroid drug
A drug directed against the thyroid gland. The antithyroid drugs include carbimazole, methimazole, and propylthiouracil (PTU). These drugs are used to treat hyperthyroidism ...
antitonic
Diminishing muscular or vascular tonus.
antitoxic
Neutralizing the action of a poison; specifically, relating to an antitoxin. SEE ALSO: antidotal.
antitoxigen
SYN: antitoxinogen.

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