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Слова на букву anch-basi (2629)

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Antitoxin
An antibody capable of destroying microorganisms including viruses and bacteria. An antitoxin provides passive immunity. For example, if a child gets whooping cough (diphtheria), ...
antitoxinogen
Any antigen that stimulates the formation of antitoxin in an animal or person, i.e., a toxin or a toxoid. SYN: antitoxigen. [ antitoxin + G. -gen, producing]
antitragicus
See a. (muscle).
antitragohelicine
See a. fissure.
antitragus
A projection of the cartilage of the auricle, in front of the tail of the helix, just above the lobule, and posterior to the tragus from which it is separated by the intertragic ...
antitreponemal
SYN: treponemicidal.
antitrismus
A condition of tonic muscular spasm that prevents closing.
antitrope
An organ or appendage that forms a symmetrically reversed pair with another of the same type, e.g., the right and left legs of a vertebrate. [anti- + G. trope, a turn]
antitropic
Similar, bilaterally symmetrical, but in an opposite location (as in a mirror image), e.g., the right thumb in relation to the left thumb.
antitrypsic
SYN: antitryptic.
antitrypsin
A substance that inhibits or prevents the action of trypsin. - α1-a. A glycoprotein that is the major protease inhibitor of human serum, is synthesized in the liver, and is ...
antitryptic
Possessing properties of antitrypsin. SYN: antitrypsic.
antitumorigenesis
Inhibition of the development of a neoplasm.
antitussive
1. Relieving cough. 2. A cough remedy ( e.g., codeine). SYN: antibechic. [anti- + L. tussis, cough]
antityphoid
Preventive or curative of typhoid fever.
antivenene
SYN: antivenin.
antivenereal
Rarely used term for preventive or curative of venereal diseases. SYN: antaphroditic (2).
antivenin
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom. SYN: antivenene. [anti- + L. venenum, poison]
Antiviral
An agent that kills viruses or suppresses their replication and, hence, inhibits their capability to multiply and reproduce. For example, amantadine (BRAND name: SYMMETREL) is a ...
Antiviral agent
An agent that kills viruses or suppresses their replication and, hence, inhibits their capability to multiply and reproduce. For example, amantadine (BRAND name: SYMMETREL) is a ...
antivitamin
A substance that prevents a vitamin from exerting its typical biological effects. Most antivitamins have chemical structures like those of vitamins ( e.g., pyridoxine and its a., ...
antivivisection
Opposition to the use of living animals for experimentation. See vivisection.
antixerophthalmic
Denoting agents (vitamin A and retinoic acid) that inhibit pathologic drying of the conjunctiva (xerophthalmia). [anti- + G. xeros, dry, + ophthalmos, eye]
antixerotic
Preventing xerosis.
Anton
Gabriel, German neuropsychiatrist, 1858–1933. See A. syndrome.
Antoni
Nils R., Swedish neurologist, 1887–1968. See A. type A neurilemoma, A. type B neurilemoma.
antra
Plural of antrum.
antral
Relating to an antrum.
antrectomy
Removal of a portion of the walls of the maxillary antrum. Removal of the antrum (distal half) of the stomach; often combined with bilateral excision of portions of vagus nerve ...
antro-
An antrum. [L. antrum, from G. antron, a cave]
Antro-duodenal motility study
An antro-duodenal motility study is a study for detecting and recording the contractions of the muscles of the stomach and the first part of the small intestine, the duodenum. It ...
antronasal
Relating to a maxillary sinus and the corresponding nasal cavity.
antrophose
A subjective sensation of light or color originating in the visual centers of the brain. SEE ALSO: phosphene. [ antro- + G. phos, light]
antropyloric
Related to or affecting the pyloric antrum.
antroscope
An instrument to aid in the visual examination of any cavity, particularly the antrum of Highmore (maxillary sinus). [ antro- + G. skopeo, to view]
antroscopy
Examination of any cavity, especially of the antrum of Highmore (maxillary sinus), by means of an antroscope.
antrostomy
Formation of a permanent opening into any antrum (maxillary sinus). [ antro- + G. stoma, mouth] - intraoral a. SYN: Caldwell-Luc operation.
antrotomy
Incision through the wall of any antrum. [ antro- + G. tome, incision]
antrotonia
Tonus of the muscular walls of an antrum, such as that of the stomach.
antrotympanic
Relating to the mastoid antrum and the tympanic cavity.
Antrum
A general term for cavity or chamber which may have specific meaning in reference certain organs or sites in the body. The antrum of the stomach (gastric antrum) is a portion ...
Ants, fire
Originally from S. America. Among the worst insect pests ever to invade the U.S. Red or yellowish ants of small-to-medium size with a severe sting that burns like fire. They ...
ANTU
Abbreviation for α-naphthylthiourea.
Antyllus
Greek physician, ca. 150 A.D. See A. method.
ANUG
Abbreviation for acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis.
ANUG (acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis)
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
anular
Ring-shaped. SYN: annular.
anulus
SYN: ring (1). [L.] - a. abdominalis SYN: deep inguinal ring. - a. ciliaris SYN: ciliary body. - a. conjunctivae [TA] SYN: conjunctival ring. - a. femoralis [TA] SYN: femoral ...
anuria
Absence of urine formation.
anuric
Relating to anuria.
anus
The lower opening of the digestive tract, lying in the cleft between the buttocks, through which fecal matter is extruded. SYN: anal orifice. [L.] - Bartholin a. SYN: opening ...
Anus, imperforate
A congenital malformation (a birth defect) in which the rectum is a blind alley (a cul-de-sac) and there is no anus. The anus is imperforate in the sense that the normal ...
anvil
SYN: incus.
anxiety
1. Fear or apprehension or dread of impending danger and accompanied by restlessness, tension, tachycardia, and dyspnea unattached to a clearly identifiable stimulus. 2. In ...
anxiolytic
1. SYN: antianxiety agent. 2. Denoting the actions of such an agent ( e.g., diazepam). [anxiety + G. lysis, a dissolution or loosening]
AOA
Abbreviation for Alpha Omega Alpha, the medical honor society, the medical school equivalent of Phi Beta Kappa, in the United States and Canada. Membership is by election for ...
AOC
Abbreviation for anodal opening contraction.
Aonchotheca
One of three trichurid nematode genera, commonly referred to as Capillaria.
Aorta
The largest artery in the body, the aorta arises from the left ventricle of the heart, goes up (ascends) a little ways, bends over (arches), then goes down (descends) through the ...
Aorta, abdominal
The abdominal aorta is the final section of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. It is a continuation of the thoracic aorta. It begins at the diaphragm, and runs down to ...
Aorta, ascending
The ascending aorta is the first section of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. The ascending aorta starts from the left ventricle of the heart and extends to the arch ...
Aorta, descending
The descending aorta is the part of the aorta, the largest artery in the body, that runs down through the chest and the abdomen. The descending aorta starts after the arch of ...
Aorta, thoracic
The thoracic aorta is a section of the aorta, the largest artery in the body, within the chest. Specifically, the thoracic aorta is that part of the aorta that starts after the ...
Aortal
Pertaining to the aorta, the largest artery in the body. Aortal is not often encountered (except in The New York Times crossword). The preferred term is aortic. * * * SYN: aortic.
aortalgia
Pain assumed to be due to aneurysm or other pathologic conditions of the aorta. [aorta + G. algos, pain]
aortarctia
SYN: aortostenosis. [aorta + L. arcto, properly arto, to narrow]
aortartia
SYN: aortostenosis.
aortectasis, aortectasia
Dilation of aorta. [aorta + G. ektasis, a stretching]
aortectomy
Excision of a portion of the aorta. [aorta + G. ektome, excision]
Aortic
Pertaining to the aorta, the largest artery in the body. "Aortic" is in common usage as, for example, in an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The term " aortal" has the same meaning but ...
Aortic arch
The aortic arch is the second section of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. The aorta arises from the left ventricle of the heart and first goes up, then bends, and goes ...
Aortic atresia
Congenital absence of the normal valvular opening from the left ventricle of the heart into the aorta. Atresia here refers to the absence of a normal opening.
aortic curtain
An intertrigonal sheet of fibrous tissue between the aortic annulus and the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve.
Aortic insufficiency (regurgitation)
Sloshing of blood back down from the aorta into the left ventricle of the heart due to incompetency of the aortic valve.
Aortic stenosis
Narrowing (stenosis) of the heart valve between the left ventricle of the heart and the aorta. This narrowing impedes the delivery of blood through the aorta to the body and makes ...
Aortic valve
One of the four valves in the heart, this valve is situated at exit of the left ventricle of the heart where the aorta (the largest of all arteries) begins. The aortic valve lets ...
Aortic valve, bicuspid
Whereas the normal aortic valve in the heart has three flaps (cusps) that open and close, a bicupid valve has only two. There may be no symptoms in childhood, but in time the ...
aorticorenal
Related to the aorta and kidney, specifically the ganglion aorticorenale.
aortitis
Inflammation of the aorta. - giant cell a. giant cell arteritis involving the aorta. - syphilitic a. a common manifestation of tertiary syphilis, involving the thoracic aorta, ...
aortocoronary
Relating to the aorta and the coronary arteries.
aortogram
The image or set of images resulting from aortography.
aortography
1. Radiographic imaging of the aorta and its branches, or a portion of the aorta, by injection of contrast medium. 2. Imaging of the aorta by ultrasound or magnetic resonance. ...
aortopathy
Disease affecting the aorta. [aorta + G. pathos, suffering]
aortopexy
A surgical procedure used to treat tracheomalacia or tracheal compression.
aortoplasty
A procedure for surgical repair of the aorta.
aortoptosia, aortoptosis
A sinking down of the abdominal aorta in splanchnoptosia. [aorta + G. ptosis, a failing]
aortorrhaphy
Suture of the aorta. [aorta + G. rhaphe, seam]
aortosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis of the aorta.
aortostenosis
Narrowing of the aorta. SYN: aortarctia, aortartia. [aorta + G. stenosis, a narrowing]
aortotomy
Incision of the aorta. [aorta + G. tome, a cutting]
AP
AP is a versatile abbreviation. It serves in cardiology to abbreviate angina pectoris (AP) and arterial pressure (AP). In endocrinology, it stands for the anterior pituitary ...
AP (anteroposterior)
In anatomy, AP stands for anteroposterior: from front-to-back. For example, an AP X-ray of the chest is taken from front-to-back. AP in this respect is the opposite of PA, which ...
AP, X-ray
An X-ray picture in which the beams pass from front-to-back (anteroposterior). As opposed to a PA (posteroanterior) film in which the rays pass through the body from back-to-front.
APA
Abbreviation for antipernicious anemia factor.
apallesthesia
SYN: pallanesthesia. [G. a- priv. + pallo, to tremble, quiver, + aisthesis, feeling]
apallic
SYN: a. state. [G. a- priv. + L. pallium, brain mantle (cerebral cortex)]
apancreatic
Without a pancreas.
aparalytic
Without paralysis; not causing paralysis.
aparathyreosis
hypoparathyroidism, especially that caused by removal of the parathyroid glands. [G. a- priv. + parathyroid + -osis, condition]
aparathyroidism
Congenital absence, deficiency, or surgical removal of the parathyroid glands.
apareunia
Absence or impossibility of coitus. [G. a- priv. + para, alongside, + eune, bed]
apathetic
Exhibiting apathy; indifferent.
apathism
A sluggishness of reaction.
apathy
Indifference; absence of interest in the environment. Often one of the earliest signs of cerebral disease. [G. apatheia, fr. a- priv. + pathos, suffering]
apatite
1. Generic name for a class of minerals with compositions that are variants of the formula D5T3M, where D is a divalent cation, T is a trivalent tetrahedral compound ion, and M ...
APC
The Adenomatous Polyposis Coli gene, a gene involved in both sporadic and familial colorectal cancer. Mutation in the APC gene is the earliest detectable molecular abnormality ...
APECED (autoimmune polyendocrinopathy)
1. The child with APS develops problems in numerous glands (polyglandular) including hypoparathyroidism, hypogonadism (with sex gland failure), adrenal insufficiency, type 1 ...
APECED (autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy)
A genetic autoimmune disease with an extraordinary array of clinical features but characterized most often by at least 2 of the following 3 findings: hypoparathyroidism — ...
apellous
1. Without skin. 2. Without foreskin; circumcised. [G. a- priv + L. pellis, skin]
apenteric
An obsolete term for abenteric. [G. apo, from, + enteron, intestine]
apepsinia
Rarely used term for lack of pepsin in the gastric juice.
aperiodic
Not occurring periodically.
aperistalsis
Absence of peristalsis.
aperitive
Stimulating the appetite. [Fr. apéritif, from L. aperio, to open]
Apert
Eugène, French pediatrician, 1868–1940. See A. syndrome.
Apert syndrome
The best-known type of acrocephalosyndactyly is Apert syndrome which is due to a mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) gene on chromosome 10. Different ...
Apert syndrome acrocephalosyndactyly
An inherited disorder causing abnormalities of the skull, face and hands and feet. There is premature closure of some of the sutures of the skull (craniosynostosis) resulting in ...
apertognathia
An open bite deformity, a type of malocclusion characterized by premature posterior occlusion and absence of anterior occlusion. SYN: open bite (2). [L. apertus, open, + G. ...
apertometer
Instrument for measuring the angular aperture of a microscope objective.
apertura
SYN: aperture. [L. fr. aperio, pp. apertus, to open] - a. aqueductus cerebri opening of aqueduct of midbrain. - a. aqueductus mesencephali [TA] SYN: opening of aqueduct of ...
aperture
1. An inlet or entrance to a cavity or channel. in anatomy, an open gap or hole. SEE ALSO: fossa, ostium, orifice, pore. 2. The diameter of the objective of a microscope. ...
Apex
From the Latin meaning summit, the apex is the tip of a pyramidal or rounded structure, like the lung or the heart. The apex of the lung is indeed its tip, its rounded most ...
apexcardiogram
Graphic recording of the movements of the chest wall produced by the apex beat of the heart.
apexcardiography
Noninvasive graphic recording of cardiac pulsations from the region of the apex, usually of the left ventricle, and resembling the ventricular pressure curve.
apexification
Induced tooth root development or closure of the root apex by hard tissue deposition.
apexigraph
A device for determining the size and position of the apex of a tooth root. [apex + G. grapho, to write]
APF
Abbreviation for animal protein factor.
Apgar
Abbreviation for the Apgar score, a practical method of evaluating the physical condition of a newborn infant shortly after delivery. The Apgar score is a number arrived at by ...
Apgar score
A practical method of evaluating the physical condition of a newborn infant shortly after delivery. The Apgar score is a number arrived at by scoring the heart rate, ...
Aphagia
Inability to eat. From the Greek prefix “a-“ meaning “not” + “phago” meaning “to eat” + not to eat. * * * Inability to eat. [G. a- priv. + phago, to eat]
Aphakia
Absence or loss of the eye's natural crystalline lens, as after cataract removal. From a-, without + phacos, the Greek word for a lentil bean. The ancients thought (quite ...
aphalangia
Congenital absence of a digit, or more specifically, absence of one or more of the long bones ( phalanges) of a finger or toe. [G. a- priv. + phalanx]
Aphasia
Literally aphasia means no speech. Aphasia can apply to a defect in expression or comprehension. * * * Impaired or absent comprehension or production of, or communication by, ...
aphasiac, aphasic
Relating to or suffering from aphasia.
aphasiologist
A specialist who deals with speech disorders caused by dysfunction of the language areas of the brain.
aphasiology
The science of speech disorders caused by dysfunction of the cerebral language areas.
aphasmid
1. Lacking phasmids, as seen in nematodes of the class Adenophorasida (Aphasmidia). 2. Common name for a member of the class Aphasmidia, now Adenophorasida.
Aphasmidia
SYN: Adenophorasida.
apheliotropism
Negative heliotaxis. [G. apo, away, + helios, sun, + tropein, to turn]
Apheresis
The process of removing a specific component from blood and returning the remaining components to the donor, in order to collect more of one particular part of the blood than ...
aphilopony
Obsolete term for an aversion, or lack of desire, to work. [G. a- priv. + philo, to like, + ponos, work]
aphonia
Loss of the voice as a result of disease or injury to the larynx. [G. a- priv. + phone, voice] - hysterical a. loss of voice for psychogenic reasons, as in some varieties of ...
aphonic
Relating to aphonia. SYN: aphonous.
aphonous
SYN: aphonic.
aphotesthesia
Decreased sensitivity of the retina to light caused by excessive exposure to sunlight. [G. a- priv. + phos, light, + aisthesis, perception]
Aphrasia
The inability to speak or understand phrases. * * * Inability to speak, from any cause. [G. a- priv. + phrasis, speaking]
aphrodisia
Sexual desire, especially when excessive. [G. aphrodisios, relating to Aphrodite]
aphrodisiac
1. Increasing sexual desire. 2. Anything that arouses or increases sexual desire.
aphrodisiomania
Abnormal and excessive erotic interest. [G. aphrodisia, sexual pleasures, + mania, insanity]
aphtha
1. In the singular, a small ulcer on a mucous membrane. 2. In the plural, stomatitis charactized by intermittent episodes of painful oral ulcers of unknown etiology that are ...
aphthoid
Resembling aphthae.
aphthosis
Any condition characterized by the presence of aphthae.
aphthous
Characterized by or relating to aphthae or aphthosis.
Aphthous ulcer
A small sensitive painful ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth. Commonly called a canker sore. Aphthous ulcers are one of the most common problems that occur in the mouth. ...
Aphthovirus
A genus in the family Picornaviridae associated with foot and mouth disease of cattle.
aphylactic
Obsolete term for pertaining to or characterized by aphylaxis.
aphylaxis
Obsolete term for lack of protection against disease. SYN: nonimmunity. [G. a- priv. + phylaxis, a guarding]
Apical
The adjective for apex, the tip of a pyramidal or rounded structure, like the lung or the heart. For example, an apical lung tumor is a tumor located at the top of the lung. * * ...
apicalis
SYN: apical, apical. [L.]
apicectomy
1. Opening and exenteration of air cells in the apex of the petrous part of the temporal bone. 2. In dental surgery, an obsolete synonym for apicoectomy. [L. apex, summit or ...
apiceotomy
SYN: apicotomy.
apices
Plural of apex.
apico-
An apex; apical [L. apex, apicis, a summit or a tip + -o-]
apicoectomy
Surgical removal of a tooth root apex. SYN: root resection. [ apico- + G. ektome, tooth excision]
apicolocator
A device for locating the root apex of a tooth.
apicolysis
Surgical collapse of the upper portion of the lung by the operative detachment of the parietal pleura allowing inferomedial displacement of the pulmonary apex. [ apico- + G. ...
Apicomplexa
A phylum of the subkingdom Protozoa, which includes the class Sporozoea and the subclasses Coccidia and Piroplasmia, and is characterized by the presence of an apical complex. ...
apicostome
The trocar and cannula used in apicostomy.
apicostomy
An operation in which the labial or buccal alveolar plate is perforated with a trocar and cannula; done to reach the root apex and to take bacterial cultures from this area. [ ...
apicotomy
Incision into an apical structure. SYN: apiceotomy. [ apico- + G. tome, a cutting]
apiculate
Terminated abruptly by a small point. [L. apiculus, a tip or point]
apiculus
A short, sharp projection on one end of a fungus spore at the point of attachment, or on the wall, of a hypha or condiophore. [L.]
apicurettage
Apical curettage after removal of an infected tooth.
apinealism
Acquired absence of the pineal gland.
Apiphobia
Fear of bees. A phobia is an unreasonable sort of fear that can cause avoidance and panic. Phobias are a relatively common type of anxiety disorder. Phobias can be treated with ...
apituitarism
Total lack of functional pituitary tissue; may be iatrogenic ( e.g., as a consequence of hypophysectomy) or the result of a spontaneous disease process.
aplacental
Without a placenta; denoting the monotremes (which lay eggs and have no placenta) and the marsupials (which have a transitory simple yolk-sac placenta).
aplanatic
Pertaining to aplanatism, or to an a. lens.
aplanatism
Freedom from spherical aberration; said of a lens. [G. a- priv. + planetos, wandering]
Aplasia
Failure to develop. If something develops and then wastes away, that is atrophy. * * * 1. Defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue. 2. In hematology, ...
Aplasia of the breast
A rare condition wherein the normal growth of the breast or nipple never takes place. They are congenitally absent. There is no sign whatsoever of the breast tissue, areola or ...
aplastic
Pertaining to aplasia, or conditions characterized by defective regeneration, as in a. anemia.
Aplastic anemia
Anemia due to failure of the bone marrow to produce blood cells, including red and white blood cells as well as platelets. Aplastic anemia frequently occurs without a known ...
apleuria
Congenital absence of one or more ribs; usually associated with absent transverse process or processes. [a- priv. + G. pleura, rib]
APLS (antiphospholipid antibody syndrome)
An immune disorder characterized by the presence of abnormal antibodies in the blood associated with abnormal blood clotting, migraine headaches, recurrent pregnancy losses ...
apnea
Absence of breathing. [G. apnoia, want of breath] - central a. a. as the result of medullary depression which inhibits respiratory movement. - deglutition a. inhibition of ...
Apnea, central sleep
Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. It owes its name to a Greek word, apnea, meaning "want of breath." There are ...
Apnea, obstructive sleep
Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. It owes its name to a Greek word, apnea, meaning "want of breath." There are ...
apneic
Related to or suffering from apnea.
apneumia
Congenital absence of the lungs. [G. a- priv. + pneumon, lung]
apneusis
An abnormal respiratory pattern consisting of a pause at full inspiration; a prolonged inspiratory cramp caused by a lesion at the mid or caudal pontine level of the brainstem. ...
apo
Abbreviation for apoenzyme; apolipoprotein.
apo-
Combining form usually meaning separated from or derived from. [G. apo, away from, off; a. becomes ap-, especially before a vowel or h]
apo-2L
SYN: TRAIL.
apobiosis
Death, especially local death of a part of the organism. [G. death, fr. apo, from, + biosis, life]
apocrine
Denoting a mechanism of glandular secretion in which the apical portion of secretory cells is shed and incorporated into the secretion. SEE ALSO: a. gland. [G. apo-krino, to ...
apocrustic
1. Astringent and repellent. 2. An agent with such action. [G. apokroustikos, able to beat off, fr. apo, off, + krouo, to strike]
apodal
Relating to apodia. SYN: apodous. [G. a- priv. + pous, foot]
apodia
Congenital absence of feet. SYN: apody. [G. a- priv. + pous, foot]
apodous
SYN: apodal.
apody
SYN: apodia.
ApoE
: Abbreviation for apolipoprotein E, a gene that codes for a protein component of lipoproteins (complexes of fat + protein) that are normal constituents of blood plasma — ...
apoenzyme
The protein portion of an enzyme as contrasted with the nonprotein portion, coenzyme, or prosthetic portion (if present in the intact protein).
apoferritin
A protein in the intestinal wall that combines with a ferric hydroxide -phosphate compound to form ferritin, the first stage in the absorption of iron.
apogamia, apogamy
SYN: parthenogenesis. [G. apo, away, + gameo, to wed]
apogee
The peak of severity of the clinical manifestations of an illness. [Fr., fr. Mod. L. apogaeum, fr. G. apogaios, far from the earth, fr. apo, + gaia, earth]
apoinducer
A protein that binds to DNA to switch on transcription.
apolar
1. Without poles; denoting specifically embryonic nerve cells (neuroblasts) that have not yet begun to sprout processes. 2. SYN: hydrophobic (2).
apolipoprotein
The protein component of any lipoprotein complexes that is a normal constituent of plasma chylomicrons, HDL, LDL, and VLDL in humans. - a. A-I an a. found in HDL and ...
Apolipoprotein E
: A gene that codes for a protein in lipoproteins (complexes of fat + protein) that are normal constituents of blood plasma — namely, chylomicrons, HDL (high density ...
apomixia
SYN: parthenogenesis. [G. apo, from, + mixis, a mingling]
apomorphine hydrochloride
A derivative of morphine used as an emetic by the parenteral route of administration.
aponeurectomy
Excision of an aponeurosis. [ aponeurosis + G. ektome, excision]
aponeurorrhaphy
SYN: fasciorrhaphy. [ aponeurosis + G. rhaphe, suture]
aponeurosis
A fibrous sheet or flat, expanded tendon, giving attachment to muscular fibers and serving as the means of origin or insertion of a flat muscle; it sometimes also performs the ...
aponeurositis
Inflammation of an aponeurosis.
aponeurotic
Relating to an aponeurosis.
aponeurotome
Obsolete. Instrument for dividing an aponeurosis. [ aponeurosis + G. tome, a cutting]
aponeurotomy
Incision of an aponeurosis.
apophylaxis
Obsolete term for a diminution of the phylactic power of the body fluids, as sometimes observed in the negative phase of therapy with immunizing agents.
apophysary
SYN: apophysial.
apophysial, apophyseal
Relating to or resembling an apophysis. SYN: apophysary.
apophysis
An outgrowth or projection, especially one from a bone. A bony process or outgrowth that lacks an independent center of ossification. [G. an offshoot] - basilar a. SYN: basilar ...
apophysitis
Inflammation of any apophysis. - calcaneal a. SYN: Sever disease. - a. tibialis adolescentium SYN: Osgood- Schlatter disease.
Apophysitis calcaneus
Also called Sever's condition, this disorder is due to inflammation of the growth plate of the calcaneus, the bone at the back of the heel. The inflammation is at the point where ...
Apophysomyces
A genus of fungi in the family Mucoraceae; a cause of mucormycosis.
apoplasmia
Obsolete term for a decrease in the amount of blood plasma.
apoplectic
Relating to, suffering from, or predisposed to apoplexy.
apoplectiform
Resembling apoplexy.
Apoplexy
A venerable term for a stroke, a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), often associated with loss of consciousness and paralysis of various parts of the body. The word "apoplexy" comes ...
apoprotein
A polypeptide chain (protein) not yet complexed with the prosthetic group that is necessary to form the active holoprotein.
Apoptosis
A form of cell death in which a programmed sequence of events leads to the elimination of cells without releasing harmful substances into the surrounding area. Apoptosis is also ...
aporepressor
A regulatory protein which, when combined with another corepressor, undergoes allosteric transformation, allowing it to combine with an operator locus and inhibit ...
aposome
A cytoplasmic inclusion produced by the cell itself. [G. apo, from, + soma, body]
apostaxis
Slight hemorrhage, or bleeding by drops. [G. a trickling down]
aposthia
Congenital absence of the prepuce. [G. a- priv. + posthe, foreskin]
apostilb
A unit of brightness equal to 0.1 millilambert. [G. apo, from + stilbe, lamp]
apothanasia
Postponement of death; prolongation of life, as opposed to euthanasia. [G. apo, away, + thanatos, death]
apothecary
Obsolescent term for pharmacist or druggist. [G. apotheke, a barn, storehouse, fr. apo, from, + theke, a box]
apothem, apotheme
A precipitate caused by long boiling of a vegetable infusion or by its exposure to air. [G. apo, from, + thema, something set down, fr. tithemi, to place]
apoxesis
SYN: subgingival curettage. [G. apo, away, + xeein, to scrape]
apozem, apozema
SYN: decoction. [ apo- + G. zema, something boiled]
apparatus
1. A collection of instruments adapted for a special purpose. 2. An instrument made up of several parts. 3. [TA] A group or system of glands, ducts, blood vessel s, muscles, or ...
apparent
1. Manifest; obvious; evident; e.g., a clinically a. infection. 2. Frequently used (confusingly) to mean “seeming to be,” ostensible, pseudo-. [L. apparens, visible, fr. ...
appendage
Any part, subordinate in function or size, attached to a main structure. SEE ALSO: accessory structures, under structure. SYN: appendix (1). [L. appendix] - atrial a. SYN: ...
appendalgia
Obsolete term for pain in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen in the region of the vermiform appendix. [appendix + G. algos, pain]
Appendectomy
Removal by surgery of the appendix, the small worm-like appendage of the colon (the large bowel). An appendectomy is performed because of probable appendicitis, inflammation of ...
appendical
SYN: appendiceal.
appendiceal
Relating to an appendix. SYN: appendical.
appendicectasis
Ectasia of the appendix.
appendicectomy
SYN: appendectomy.
appendicism
Rarely used term for any chronic disease of the vermiform appendix, or a symptomatic uneasiness in that area.
appendicitis
Inflammation of the vermiform appendix. [appendix + G. -itis, inflammation] - actinomycotic a. chronic suppurative a. due to infection by Actinomyces israelii. - acute a. ...
appendico-
An appendix, usually the vermiform appendix. [L. appendix, appendicis an appendage, fr. appendo, to hang something onto something, fr. ad-, ap-, to, onto, + pendo, to hang, + ...
appendicocele
The vermiform appendix in a hernial sac. [ appendico- + G. kele, hernia]
appendicolith
A calcified concretion in the appendix visible on an abdominal radiograph; considered diagnostic of appendicitis in the acute abdomen. [ appendico- + G. lithos, stone]
appendicolithiasis
The presence of concretions in the vermiform appendix. [ appendico- + G. lithos, stone]
appendicolysis
An operation for freeing the appendix from adhesions. [ appendico- + G. lysis, a loosening]
appendicostomy
An operation for opening into the intestine through the tip of the vermiform appendix, previously attached to the anterior abdominal wall. [ appendico- + G. stoma, mouth]
appendicovesicostomy
Use of an isolated appendix on a vascularized pedicle as a catheterizable route of access to the bladder from the skin. SEE ALSO: Mitrofanoff principle. [eppendico- + L. ...
appendicular
1. Relating to an appendix or appendage. 2. Relating to the limbs, as opposed to axial, which refers to the trunk and head.
appendix
1. SYN: appendage. 2. [TA] A wormlike intestinal diverticulum extending from the blind end of the cecum; it varies in length and ends in a blind extremity. SYN: a. ...
Appendix (vermiform appendix)
A small outpouching from the beginning of the large intestine. Formally called the vermiform appendix because it is wormlike.
Appendix epididymis
A small cystic projection from the surface of the epididymis which represents a remnant the embryologic mesonephros. The epididymis is a structure within the scrotum attached ...
Appendix epiploica
A finger-like projection of fat attached to the colon.

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