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Слова на букву anch-basi (2629)

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Artemisia annua
a plant in the family Compositae from which an antimalarial and antischistosomal drug is produced.
artemisinin
A sesquiterpene antimalarial and antischistosomal drug derived from Artemisia annua; a. is a potent and rapidly acting blood schizontocide that has been reported to be very ...
arterenol
The hydrochloride salt of norepinephrine. See norepinephrine.
arteri-
See arterio-.
arteria
SYN: artery. SEE ALSO: branch. [L. from G. a., the windpipe, later an artery as distinct from a vein] - a. acetabuli SYN: acetabular branch. - arteriae alveolares superiores ...
arterial
Relating to one or more arteries or to the entire system of arteries.
Arterial aneurysm
An outpouching (aneurysm) of an artery. As opposed to a venous or cardiac aneurysm. An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area ...
Arterial blood gas (ABG)
The sampling of the blood levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the arteries, as opposed to the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in venous blood. Typically the acidity, ...
Arterial tension
The pressure of the blood within an artery, the arterial pressure. Also called the intra-arterial pressure.
arterialization
1. Making or becoming arterial. 2. Aeration or oxygenation of the blood whereby it is changed in character from venous to arterial. 3. SYN: vascularization. 4. Conversion of a ...
arteriectasis, arteriectasia
Obsolete term for vasodilation of the arteries. [L. arteria, artery, + G. ektasis, distention]
arteriectomy
Excision of part of an artery. [L. arteria, artery, + G. ektome, excision]
Arteries, coronary
The vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen. They are called the coronary arteries because they encircle the heart in the manner of a crown. The word ...
arterio-, arteri-
Artery. [L. arteria, fr. G. arteria, a windpipe, an artery]
arterioatony
An abnormally relaxed state of the arterial walls. [arterio- + G. atonia, atony]
arteriocapillary
Relating to both arteries and capillaries.
Arteriogram
: An x-ray of blood vessels, which becomes visible after an injection of contrast solution into the circulation that appears on the x-ray film. * * * Radiographic demonstration of ...
arteriographic
Relating to or utilizing arteriography.
arteriography
Demonstration of an artery or arteries by x-ray imaging after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium. [arterio- + G. grapho, to write] - bronchial a. radiography of bronchial ...
Arteriohepatic dysplasia
Also known as Alagille syndrome, this ia a genetic disorder characterized by jaundice in the newborn period, liver disease with cholestasis, peripheral pulmonic stenosis and ...
arteriola
SYN: arteriole. [Mod. L. dim. of arteria, artery] - a. glomerularis afferens [TA] SYN: afferent glomerular arteriole. - a. glomerularis efferens [TA] SYN: efferent ...
arteriolar
Of or pertaining to an arteriole or the arterioles collectively.
Arteriole
A small branch of an artery (a vessel that carries blood high in oxygen away from the heart to the body) leading to a capillary. The oxygenated hemoglobin (oxyhemoglobin) makes ...
arteriolith
A calcareous deposit in an arterial wall or thrombus. [L. arteria, artery, + G. lithos, a stone]
arteriolitis
Inflammation of the wall of the arterioles. [L. arteriola, arteriole, + G. -itis, inflammation] - necrotizing a. necrosis in the media of arterioles, characteristic of malignant ...
arteriolo-
The arterioles. [Modern L. arteriola, arteriole]
arteriology
The anatomy of the arteries: usually associated with the study of the other vessels under the name angiology. [L. arteria, artery, + G. logos, study]
arteriolonecrosis
SYN: necrotizing arteriolitis. [L. arteriola, arteriole, + G. nekrosis, a killing]
arteriolonephrosclerosis
SYN: arteriolar nephrosclerosis.
arteriolosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis affecting mainly the arterioles, seen especially in chronic hypertension. SYN: arteriolar sclerosis.
arteriolovenous
Involving both the arterioles and veins. SYN: arteriolovenular.
arteriolovenular
SYN: arteriolovenous.
arteriomalacia
Softening of the arteries. [arterio- + G. malakia, softness]
arteriometer
An instrument for measuring the diameter of an artery, or its change in size during pulsation. [arterio- + G. metron, measure]
arteriomotor
Causing changes in the caliber of an artery; vasomotor with special reference to the arteries.
arteriomyomatosis
Thickening of the walls of an artery by an overgrowth of muscular fibers arranged irregularly, intersecting each other without any definite relation to the axis of the vessel. ...
arterionephrosclerosis
SYN: arterial nephrosclerosis.
arteriopalmus
Subjective sensation of throbbing of an artery. [arterio- + G. palmos, throbbing]
arteriopathy
Any disease of the arteries. [arterio- + G. pathos, suffering] - hypertensive a. arterial degeneration resulting from hypertension. - plexogenic pulmonary a. SYN: Ayerza ...
arterioplania
Presence of an anomaly in the course of an artery. [arterio- + G. plane, a straying]
arterioplasty
Any operation for the reconstruction of the wall of an artery. [arterio- + G. plastos, formed]
arteriopressor
Causing increased arterial blood pressure.
arteriorrhaphy
Suture of an artery. [arterio- + G. rhaphe, seam]
arteriorrhexis
Rupture of an artery. [arterio- + G. rhexis, rupture]
arteriosclerosis
Hardening of the arteries; types generally recognized are: atherosclerosis, Mönckeberg a., and arteriolosclerosis. SYN: arterial sclerosis, vascular sclerosis. [arterio- + G. ...
arteriosclerotic
Relating to or affected by arteriosclerosis.
Arteriosclerotic aneurysm
A localized widening (aneurysm) of a vessel that occurs because the vessel wall is weakened by arteriosclerosis. Also called an atherosclerotic aneurysm. An aneurysm is a ...
arteriospasm
Spasm of an artery or arteries.
arteriostenosis
Narrowing of the caliber of an artery, either temporary, through vasoconstriction, or permanent, through arteriosclerosis. [arterio- + G. stenosis, a narrowing]
arteriotomy
Any surgical incision into the lumen of an artery, e.g., to remove an embolus. [arterio- + G. tome, incision]
arteriovenous
Relating to both an artery and a vein or to both arteries and veins in general; both arterial and venous, as an “AV anastomosis.”
Arteriovenous malformation
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder (one present at birth) of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is characterized by a complex, ...
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder (one present at birth) of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is characterized by a complex, ...
arteritis
Inflammation or infection involving an artery or arteries. [L. arteria, artery, + G. -itis, inflammation] - brachiocephalic a. giant-cell a. seen in older adults; characterized ...
Arteritis, cranial
A serious disease characterized by inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels (vasculitis). The vessels affected are the arteries (hence the name "arteritis"). The ...
Arteritis, giant cell
A chronic vascular disease, most often involving the carotid artery system, that can lead to blindness and/or stroke, Giant cell arteritis (also called temporal arteritis) is ...
Arteritis, temporal
Also called giant cell arteritis or cranial arteritis, this is a serious disease characterized by inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels (vasculitis). The vessels ...
Artery
A vessel that carries blood that is high in oxygen content away from the heart to the farthest reaches of the body. Since blood in arteries is usually full of oxygen, the ...
Artery disease, coronary
A major cause of illness and death, coronary artery disease (CAD) begins when hard cholesterol substances (plaques) are deposited within a coronary artery. (The coronary arteries ...
Artery spasm, coronary
A spasm (a sudden constriction) of one of the coronary arteries depriving the (myocardium (the heart muscle) of blood and oxygen. This can cause chest pain referred to as ...
Artery, brachial
The artery that runs from the shoulder down to the elbow.
Artery, carotid
A key artery located in the front of the neck though which blood from the heart goes to the brain. There are 2 carotid arteries — the right and left common carotid arteries — ...
Artery, central retinal
The blood vessel that carries blood into the eye and supplies nutrition to the retina. The counterpart to the central retinal artery is the central retinal vein, the vessel that ...
Artery, hepatic
An artery that distributes blood to the liver, pancreas and gallbladder as well as to the stomach and duodenal portion of the small intestine.
Artery, mesenteric
One of the arteries that arises from the abdominal portion of the aorta and distributes blood to most of the intestines.
Artery, ophthalmic
The ophthalmic artery supplies blood to the eye and adjacent structures of face. It arises from the internal carotid artery that courses up deep within the front of the neck.
Artery, splenic
A large artery within the abdomen that arises from an arterial vessel called the celiac trunk, which emerges from the aorta. The splenic artery supplies blood not only to the ...
Artery, vertebral
A key artery located in the back of the neck that carries blood from the heart to the brain.
arthr-
See arthro-.
arthral
SYN: articular.
Arthralgia
Pain in the joints. There are many possible causes of pain in a joint. The Greek "algos" means "pain." * * * Pain in a joint, especially one not inflammatory ...
arthralgic
Relating to or affected with arthralgia. SYN: arthrodynic.
arthrectomy
Excision of a joint. [G. arthron, joint, + ektome, excision]
arthresthesia
SYN: articular sensibility. [G. arthron, joint, + aisthesis, sensation]
arthritic
Relating to arthritis.
arthritides
Plural of arthritis.
arthritis
Inflammation of a joint or a state characterized by inflammation of joints. SYN: articular rheumatism. [G. fr. arthron, joint, + -itis, inflammation] - acute rheumatic a. a. due ...
Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institute of (NIAMS)
One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. As its somewhat cumbersome name indicates, NIAMS’s mission is a wide and important one, namely to “conduct and support a ...
Arthritis, degenerative
A type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of the cartilage of the joints. Also called
Arthritis, gout
Joint inflammation caused by uric acid crystal deposits in the joint space. An attack is usually extremely painful. The uric acid crystals are deposited in the joint fluid ...
Arthritis, quackery
Like many people with chronic ailments, sufferers from arthritis are potentially vulnerable to proponents of "cure-all" treatments which are promoted as having great ...
Arthritis, Reiter
The combination of inflammation of the joints (arthritis), eyes (conjunctivitis), and GU (genitourinary) &/or GI
arthro-, arthr-
A joint, an articulation; corresponds to L. articul-. [G. arthron, a joint, fr. ararisko, to join, to fit together]
Arthrobacter
A genus of strictly aerobic, Gram-positive bacteria (family Corynebacteriaceae) whose cells undergo a change from a coccoid form to a rod shape following transfer to fresh ...
Arthrocentesis
Joint aspiration, a procedure whereby a sterile needle and syringe are used to drain fluid from a joint. This is usually done as an office procedure or at the bedside in the ...
arthrochondritis
Inflammation of an articular cartilage. [arthro- + G. chondros, cartilage, + -itis, inflammation]
arthroclasia
The forcible breaking up of the adhesions in ankylosis. [arthro- + G. klasis, a breaking]
arthroconidium
A conidium released by fragmentation or separation at the septum of cells of the hypha. SYN: arthrospore. [G. arthron, joint, + conidium]
Arthroderma
A genus of ascomycetous fungi composed of the anamorph genera Microsporium and Trichophyton species.
arthrodesis
The stiffening of a joint by operative means. SYN: artificial ankylosis. [arthro- + G. desis, a binding together] - triple a. surgical fusion of the talonavicular, ...
arthrodia
SYN: plane joint. [G. a., a gliding joint, fr. arthron, joint, + eidos, form]
arthrodial
Relating to arthrodia.
arthrodynia
SYN: arthralgia. [arthro- + G. odyne, pain]
arthrodynic
SYN: arthralgic.
arthrodysplasia
Hereditary congenital defect of joint development. [arthro- + G. dys, bad, + plasis, a molding]
arthroendoscopy
SYN: arthroscopy.
arthroereisis
SYN: arthrorisis.
arthrogenous
1. Of articular origin; starting from a joint. 2. Forming an articulation.
arthrogram
Imaging of a joint following the introduction of a contrast agent into the joint capsule to enhance visualization of the intraarticular structures. [arthro- + G. gramma, a writing]
arthrography
Act of making an arthrogram. [arthro- + G. grapho, to describe]
Arthrogryposis
Joint contractures that develop before birth (prenatally) and are evident at birth (congenitally). A newborn with arthrogryposis lacks the normal range of motion in one or more ...
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC)
A disorder that develops before birth (prenatal), is present at birth (congenital), and is characterized by reduced mobility of many (multiple) joints. In AMC the range of motion ...
arthrokatadysis
a condition of a joint with significant erosion of the concave surface, resulting in migration of the convex surface medially. SEE ALSO: Otto disease. [arthro- + G. katadysis, ...
arthrolith
A loose body in a joint. [arthro- + G. lithos, stone]
arthrolithiasis
Rarely used term for articular gout.
arthrologia
SYN: arthrology, arthrology.
arthrology
The branch of anatomy concerned with the joints. SYN: arthrologia, syndesmologia, syndesmology, synosteology. [arthro- + G. logos, study]
arthrolysis
Restoration of mobility in stiff and ankylosed joints through the process of disrupting intraarticular and extraarticular adhesions. [arthro- + G. lysis, a loosening]
arthrometer
SYN: goniometer (3).
arthrometry
Measurement of the range of movement in a joint. [arthro- + G. metron, measure]
arthroophthalmopathy
Disease affecting joints and eyes. [arthro- + ophthalmo- + G. pathos, suffering] - hereditary progressive a. [MIM*108300] a skeletal dysplasia associated with multiple dysplasia ...
arthropathia psoriatica
SYN: psoriatic arthritis.
arthropathology
The study of diseases of joints.
arthropathy
Any disease affecting a joint. [arthro- + G. pathos, suffering] - diabetic a. a neuropathic a. occurring in diabetes. - Jaccoud a. SYN: Jaccoud arthritis. - long-leg a. a ...
arthroplasty
1. Creation of an artificial joint to correct advanced degenerative arthritis, 2. An operation to restore as far as possible the integrity and functional power of a joint. ...
arthropneumoradiography
Radiographic examination of a joint after it has been injected with air. [arthro- + pneumo- + radiography]
arthropod
A member of the phylum Arthropoda. [arthro- + G. pous, foot]
Arthropoda
A phylum of the Metazoa that includes the classes Crustacea (crabs, shrimps, crayfish, lobsters), Insecta, Arachnida (spiders, scorpions, mites, ticks), Chilopoda ...
arthropodiasis
Direct effects of arthropods upon vertebrates including acariasis, allergy, dermatosis, entomophobia, and actions of contact toxins.
arthropodic, arthropodous
Pertaining to arthropods.
arthropyosis
Suppuration in a joint. [arthro- + G. pyosis, suppuration]
arthrorisis
An operation for limiting motion in a joint in cases of undue mobility from paralysis, usually by means of a bone block. SYN: arthroereisis. [arthro- + G. ereisis, a propping up]
arthrosclerosis
Stiffness of the joints, especially in the aged. [arthro- + G. sklerosis, hardening]
arthroscope
An endoscope for examining the internal anatomy of a joint.
Arthroscopic
: Refers to a surgical technique whereby a doctor inserts a tube-like instrument into a joint to inspect, diagnose and repair tissues. It is most commonly performed in patients ...
Arthroscopy
A surgical technique whereby a doctor inserts a tube-like instrument into a joint to inspect, diagnose and repair tissues. It is most commonly performed in patients with diseases ...
Arthrosis
An arthrosis is a joint, an area where two bones are attached for the purpose of motion of body parts. An arthrosis (joint) is usually formed of fibrous connective tissue and ...
arthrospore
SYN: arthroconidium. [arthro- + G. sporos, seed]
arthrostomy
Establishment of a temporary opening into a joint cavity. [arthro- + G. stoma, mouth]
arthrosynovitis
Inflammation of the synovial membrane of a joint.
arthrotome
A large, strong scalpel used in cutting cartilaginous and other tough joint structures.
arthrotomy
Cutting into a joint to expose its interior. [arthro- + G. tome, a cutting]
arthrotropic
Tending to affect joints. [arthro- + G. tropos, a turning]
arthrotyphoid
Obsolete term for typhoid fever with joint involvement due to metastatic infection.
Arthus
Maurice, French bacteriologist, 1862–1945. See A. phenomenon, A. reaction.
articular
Relating to a joint. SYN: arthral.
articulare
In cephalometrics, the point of intersection of the external dorsal contour of the mandibular condyle and the temporal bone; the midpoint is used when a profile radiograph ...
articulate
1. SYN: articulated. 2. Capable of distinct and connected meaningful speech. (ar-tik′yu-lat). 3. To join or connect together loosely to allow motion between the parts. 4. To ...
articulated
Jointed. SYN: articulate (1).
articulatio
synovial joint. [L. a forming of vines] - a. acromioclavicularis [TA] SYN: acromioclavicular joint. - a. atlantoaxialis lateralis [TA] SYN: lateral atlantoaxial joint. - a. ...
Articulation
As regards the skeleton, an articulation is a joint, an area where two bones are attached for the purpose of motion of body parts. An articulation or joint is usually formed of ...
Articulation disorder
The inability to correctly produce speech sounds (phonemes) because of the imprecise placement, timing, pressure, speed, or flow of movement of the lips, tongue, or throat.
Articulations of the body, principal
The principal articulations (joints) of the human body include the following: Acromioclavicular Ankle (tibia-fibula and talus) Atlas and axis Atlas and occipital ...
articulator
A mechanical device which represents the temporomandibular joints and jaw members to which maxillary and mandibular casts may be attached. SYN: occluding frame. - adjustable a. ...
articulatory
Relating to articulate speech.
articulostat
A research instrument that positions the dentition of a subject and the head of an x-ray machine in such a manner that films made at separate times may be accurately ...
articulus
SYN: joint. [L. joint]
artifact
1. Anything, especially in a histologic specimen or a graphic record, that is caused by the technique used and not reflecting the original specimen or experiment. 2. A skin ...
artifactitious
SYN: artifactual.
artifactual
Produced or caused by an artifact. SYN: artifactitious.
Artificial heart
A manmade heart. An artificial heart was temporarily implanted in 1969 by Denton Cooley in Houston, Texas. Complete replacement of the heart by an artificial heart was done in ...
Artificial insemination
A procedure in which a fine catheter (tube) is inserted through the cervix (the natural opening of the uterus) into the uterus (the womb) to deposit a sperm sample directly into ...
Artificial insemination by donor (AID)
A procedure in which a fine catheter (tube) is inserted through the cervix (the natural opening of the uterus) into the uterus (the womb) to deposit a sperm sample from a donor ...
Artificial insemination by husband (AIH)
A procedure in which a fine catheter (tube) is inserted through the cervix (the natural opening of the uterus) into the uterus (the womb) to deposit a sperm sample from the ...
Artificial knee
A replacement for the human knee. An artificial knee typically has a metal shell on the end of the thigh bone (the femur), a metal and plastic trough on the shin bone (the ...
Artificial pacemaker
A device that uses electrical impulses to regulate the heart rhythm or to reproduce that rhythm. An internal pacemaker is one in which the electrodes into the heart, the ...
Artificial pancreas
A machine that constantly measures the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood and, in response to an elevated level of glucose, releases an appropriate amount of insulin to lower ...
Artiodactyla
An order of even-toed ungulates having either two or four digits, with the axis between the third and fourth; e.g., pig and hippopotamus with four; camel, deer, giraffe, antelope, ...
aryepiglottic
Relating to the arytenoid cartilage and the epiglottis; denoting a fold of mucous membrane (a. fold) and a muscle contained in it (a. muscle). SYN: arytenoepiglottidean.
aryl
An organic radical derived from an aromatic compound by removing a hydrogen atom. - a. acylamidase an amidohydrolase cleaving the acyl group from an anilide by hydrolysis, ...
arylamidase
SYN: aryl acylamidase.
arylarsonic acid
An arsonic acid containing an aryl radical; e.g., arsenilic acid.
arylsulfatase
An enzyme that cleaves phenol sulfates, including cerebroside sulfates ( i.e., a phenol sulfate + H2O → a phenol + sulfate anion). Some arylsulfatases are inhibited by sulfate ...
arytenoepiglottidean
SYN: aryepiglottic.
arytenoid
Denoting a cartilage (a. cartilage) and muscles (oblique and transverse a. muscles) of the larynx. [see arytenoideus]
arytenoidectomy
Excision of an arytenoid cartilage, usually in bilateral vocal fold paralysis, to improve breathing. [ arytenoid + G. ektome, excision]
arytenoideus
SYN: oblique arytenoid muscle, transverse arytenoid (muscle). [G. arytainoeides, ladle-shaped, applied to cartilage of the larynx, fr. arytaina, a ladle, + eidos, resemblance]
arytenoiditis
Inflammation of a cricoarytenoid joint, arytenoid cartilage, or its mucosal cover.
arytenoidopexy
Fixation by surgery of an arytenoid cartilage. [ arytenoid + G. pexis, fixation]
As
Symbol for arsenic.
ASA (drug caution code)
Abbreviation on a medication that indicates it contains acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin). This special caution code is intended to be a warning for patients with specific medical ...
asafetida
A gum resin, the inspissated exudate from the root of Ferula foetida (family Umbelliferae); malodorous material used as a repellent against dogs, cats, and rabbits, and formerly ...
Asarum
A genus of plants of the family Aristolochiaceae. [L., fr. G. asaron, hazelwort] - A. canadense an aromatic stimulant and diaphoretic. SYN: Canada snakeroot, Indian ginger, ...
asbestoid
SYN: amianthoid.
asbestos
The commercial product, after mining and processing, obtained from a family of fibrous hydrated silicates divided mineralogically into amphiboles (amosite, anthrophyllite, and ...
asbestosis
Pneumoconiosis due to inhalation of asbestos fibers suspended in the ambient air; sometimes complicated by pleural mesothelioma or bronchogenic carcinoma; ferruginous ...
Ascariasis
Infection with Ascaris lubricoides, the intestinal roundworm, the most common worm infection in humans. Ascaris eggs are found in the soil. Infection occurs when a person ...
ascaricide
1. Causing the death of ascarid nematodes. 2. An agent having such properties. [ ascarid + L. caedo, to kill]
ascarid
1. A general name for any nematode of the family Ascarididae. 2. Pertaining to such nematodes.
Ascaridae
Former spelling for Ascarididae.
Ascaridata
SYN: Ascaridida.
Ascaridida
An order of nematode worms that includes many important human, domestic animal, and fowl parasites such as Ascaris, Ascaridia, Subuluris, Heterakis, and Anisakis. SYN: ...
Ascarididae
A family of large intestinal roundworms that includes the important nematode of humans, Ascaris lumbricoides, the abundant roundworm of swine, Ascaris suum, and the common ...
Ascarididea
SYN: Ascaridida.
Ascaridoidea
Superfamily of stout, 3-lipped intestinal roundworms that includes the family Ascarididae.
ascaridole
A major constituent of oil of chenopodium; an anthelmintic.
Ascaridorida
SYN: Ascaridida.
Ascaris
A genus of large, heavy-bodied roundworms parasitic in the small intestine; abundant in humans and many other vertebrates. [G. askaris, an intestinal worm] - A. equorum SYN: ...
Ascaroidea
Former spelling for Ascaridoidea.
ascaron
A toxic peptone present in helminths, especially the ascaridids; symptoms of a. poisoning are similar to those of anaphylactic shock. [G. askaris, an intestinal worm, + hormon, ...
Ascarops strongylina
A small bloodsucking worm found in the stomach of pigs and wild boars in many parts of the world. Larvae of this species develop in coprophagous beetles; worms adhere to the ...
ascendens
Ascending. Going upward, ascending, toward a higher position. [L.]
Ascending aorta
The ascending aorta is the first section of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. The ascending aorta starts from the left ventricle of the heart and extends to the arch (the ...
Ascending pathway
A nerve pathway that goes upward from the spinal cord toward the brain carrying sensory information from the body to the brain. In contrast, descending pathways are nerve ...
ascensus
A moving upward; having an abnormally high position. [L. ascent]
ascertainment
In epidemiological and genetic research, the method by which a person, pedigree, or cluster is brought to the attention of an investigator; has a bearing on the interpretation ...
Aschelminthes
A former phylum of the Metazoa that included the class Nematoda and a disparate assortment of other pseudocelomates, each now accorded separate phylum status; they are ...
Ascher
Karl W., U.S. ophthalmologist, 1887–1971. See A. aqueous influx phenomenon, A. syndrome.
Aschner
Bernhard, Austrian gynecologist, 1883–1960. See A. phenomenon, A. reflex, A.- Dagnini reflex.
Aschoff
Karl Ludwig, German pathologist, 1866–1942. See A. bodies, under body, A. nodules, under nodule, node of A. and Tawara, Rokitansky-A. sinuses, under sinus, A. cell.
ascites
Accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity. SYN: abdominal dropsy, hydroperitoneum, hydroperitonia. [L. fr. G. askos, a bag, + -ites] - a. adiposus SYN: chylous a.. - ...
ascitic
Of or relating to ascites.
ascitogenous
Producing ascites.
ascocarp
A fungus structure, of varying complexity, which bears asci and ascospores. [G. askos, bag, + karpos, fruit]
ascogenous
Denoting ascus-bearing fungus hypha or cell.
ascogonium
The female cell in an ascomycete that is fertilized by the male cell.
Ascoli
Alberto, Italian serologist, 1877–1957. See A. reaction, A. test.
Ascomycetes
A class of fungi characterized by the presence of asci and ascospores. Such fungi have generally two distinct reproductive phases, the sexual or perfect stage and the asexual or ...
ascomycetous
Fungi related to the Ascomycota.
Ascomycota
A phylum of fungi characterized by the presence of asci and ascospores. Some mycologists have moved the class Ascomycetes to the phylum or division level.
ascorbase
SYN: ascorbate oxidase.
ascorbate
A salt or ester of ascorbic acid. - a. oxidase a copper-containing enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of l-ascorbic acid with O2 to l-dehydroascorbic acid. Some forms of a. ...
Ascorbic acid
: Vitamin C, an essential nutrient found mainly in fruits and vegetables. The body requires it to form and maintain bones, blood vessels, and skin. Like other vitamins, ascorbic ...
ascorbyl palmitate
Used as a preservative in pharmaceutical preparations.
ascospore
A spore formed within an ascus; the sexual spore of Ascomycetes. [G. askos, bag, + sporos, seed]
Ascus
1. An acronym for Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance. This term is used in the Bethesda System for reporting Pap smear findings and indicates that some flat ...
asecretory
Without secretion.
Aselli, Asellius, Asellio
Gasparo, Italian anatomist at Cremona, 1581–1626. See A. pancreas.
asepsis
A condition in which living pathogenic organisms are absent; a state of sterility (2). [G. a- priv. + sepsis, putrefaction]
aseptate
In fungi, a term describing absence of cross walls in a hyphal filament or a spore. [G. a- priv. + L. saeptum, a partition]
Aseptic
The absence of microorganisms. By contrast, something that just discourages the growth of microorganisms is antiseptic. * * * Marked by or relating to asepsis.
Aseptic bursitis
Inflammation of a bursa that is not caused by infection. A bursa is a closed fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. ...
asepticism
The practice of aseptic surgery.
asequence
Lack of normal sequence, specifically, between atrial and ventricular contractions.
asexual
1. Referring to reproduction without nuclear fusion in an organism. 2. Having no sexual desire or interest. [G. a- priv. + sexual]
Ashby
Winifred, 20th century hematologist. See A. method.
Asherman
Joseph G., Czechoslovakian gynecologist, *1889. See A. syndrome.
Ashman
R., 20th century U.S. physiologist. See A. phenomenon.
asialism
Absence of saliva. [G. a- priv. + sialon saliva + -ism]
asialoglycoprotein
A glycoprotein without a sialic acid moiety; such proteins are recognized by a. receptors and are targeted for degradation.
Asian cholera
A devastating and sometimes lethal disease with intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea was discovered in 1883 to be due to infection with the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, a ...
asitia
Disgust at the sight or thought of food. [G. a- priv. + sitos, food]
Ask-Upmark
Erik., 20th century Swedish pathologist. See Ask-Upmark kidney.
Askanazy
Max, German pathologist, 1865–1940. See A. cell.
ASL
Abbreviation for American Sign Language.
ASL (American Sign Language)
A hand language with its own syntax and grammar, used primarily by people who are deaf.
Asn
Symbol for asparagine or its mono- or diradical.
asocial
Not social; withdrawn from society; indifferent to social rules or customs; e.g., a recluse, a regressed schizophrenic person, a schizoid personality. Cf.:antisocial.
asoma
A fetus with only a rudimentary body. [G. a- priv. + soma, body]
ASOT
Antistreptolysin O Titer. A blood test that looks for antibodies to the streptococcus A bacteria. Also abbreviated ASLO.
Asp
Symbol for aspartic acid or its radical forms.
aspalasoma
Obsolete term for a malformed fetus with eventration at the lower part of the abdomen, presenting separate openings for intestine, bladder, and sexual organs. [G. aspalax, a mole ...
asparaginase
1. An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of l-asparagine to l-aspartic acid and ammonia. 2. The enzyme from Escherichia coli, used in the treatment of acute leukemia and other ...
asparagine
NH2COCH2CH(NH3+COO−; the β-amide of aspartic acid, the l-isomer is a nutritionally nonessential amino acid occurring in proteins; a diuretic. - a. ligase an acid:ammonia ...
asparaginyl
The aminoacyl radical of asparagine.
Asparagus
A genus of plants of the family Liliaceae. A. officinalis is an edible vegetable, the rhizome and roots of which, together with the young edible shoots, were used as a diuretic. ...
Aspartame
A man-made sweetener with almost no calories used in place of sugar. A diet program with aspartame and exercise gives better results than without this sweetener. People lose more ...
aspartase
SYN: aspartate ammonia- lyase.
aspartate
A salt or ester of aspartic acid. - a. aminotransferase (AST) an enzyme catalyzing the reversible transfer of an amine group from l-glutamic acid to oxaloacetic acid, forming ...
aspartate 1-decarboxylase
SYN: glutamate decarboxylase.
aspartate 4-decarboxylase
Aspartate β-decarboxylase; a carboxy-lyase converting l-aspartate to l-alanine (releasing CO2); it decarboxylates aminomalonate and (in bacteria) removes SO2 from ...
aspartic acid
HOOC—CH2—CH(NH2)—COOH; the l-isomer is one of the amino acid s occurring naturally in proteins. The d-isomer is found in cell walls of many bacteria.
aspartyl
The aminoacyl radical of aspartic acid.
aspartylglycosamine
Generic term for compounds of asparagine and a 2-amino sugar; e.g., β-aspartyl(acetylglucosamine).
aspartylglycosaminidase
A hydrolytic enzyme that cleaves off l-aspartate from aspartylglycosamines. A deficiency of a. can result in aspartylglycosaminuria.
aspartylglycosaminuria
A lysosomal disorder due to deficiency of aspartoglucosaminidase, resulting in accumulation of aspartlyglycosamine in the urine and spinal fluid; characterized by symptoms usually ...
aspect
1. The manner of appearance; looks. 2. The side of an object that is directed in any designated direction. SYN: norma (1). [L. aspectus, fr. a-spicio, pp. -spectus, to look at] - ...
Asperger
Hans, 20th century Austrian psychiatrist. See A. disorder.
Asperger syndrome
A pervasive developmental disorder characterized by an inability to understand how to interact socially. Other typical features of the syndrome include clumsy and uncoordinated ...
aspergillic acid
Produced by Aspergillus flavus; an antibiotic agent moderately active against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, but toxic to animal tissues.
aspergillin
A black pigment obtained from various species of Aspergillus; improperly used to designate various antibiotics obtained from Aspergillus.
aspergilloma
A ball-like mass of Aspergillis hyphae colonizing an existing cavity in the lung. [aspergillus + -oma, tumor]
Aspergillosis
Infection with the fungus Aspergillus, seen especially in people with a deficient immune system. The clinical features of aspergillosis can include invasive lung infection and ...
Aspergillus
A family of fungal organisms and molds, some of which can cause disease (aspergillosis). * * * A genus of fungi (class Ascomycetes) that contains many species, a number of them ...
aspermatogenic
Failing in the production of spermatozoa. [G. a- priv. + sperma, seed, + -gen, production]

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