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Слова на букву anch-basi (2629)

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atrionector
SYN: sinuatrial node. [ atrio- + L. necto, to join]
atriopeptin
SYN: atrial natriuretic peptide. [ atrio- + peptide + suffix -in, material]
atrioseptoplasty
Surgical repair of an atrial septal defect. [ atrio- + L. septum, partition, + G. plastos, formed]
atrioseptostomy
SYN: atrial septostomy. [ atrio- + L. septum, partition, + G. stoma, mouth] - balloon a. tearing or enlarging the foramen ovale by pulling a balloon-bearing catheter across the ...
atriotomy
Surgical opening of an atrium. [ atrio- + G. tome, incision]
atrioventricular
Relating to both the atria and the ventricles of the heart, especially to the ordinary, orthograde transmission of conduction or blood flow.
Atrioventricular (AV)
Pertaining to the atria (the upper chambers of the heart) and the ventricles (the lower chambers of the heart). The AV node is an electrical relay station between the atria and ...
Atrioventricular node
The atrioventricular (AV) node is an electrical relay station between the atria (the upper) and the ventricles (the lower chambers of the heart). Electrical signals from the ...
atriplicism
An intoxication caused by the ingestion of certain species of Atriplex, eaten as greens in China; it is marked by pain and swelling of the fingers, spreading to the forearm; ...
Atrium
One of the two smaller chambers of the heart. Each atrium consists of an open space with recessed walls. (The plural of atrium is atria.) The right atrium receives deoxygenated ...
Atropa
A genus of plants (family Solanaceae) of which A. belladonna is typical. See belladonna. [G. Atropos, one of the Fates cutting the thread of life, because of the lethal effects ...
atrophia
SYN: atrophy. [G. fr. a- priv. + trophe, nourishment] - a. cutis SYN: atrophoderma. - a. maculosa varioliformis cutis SYN: anetoderma. - a. pilorum propria a general term ...
atrophic
Denoting atrophy.
Atrophic vaginitis
Thinning of the lining (the endothelium) of the vagina due to decreased production of estrogen. This may occur with menopause. Vaginitis means inflammation of the vagina, the ...
atrophie blanche
Small smooth ivory-white areas with hyperpigmented borders and telangiectasis, developing into atrophic stellate scars; seen especially on the legs and ankles of middle-aged ...
atrophied
Characterized by atrophy.
atrophoderma
Atrophy of the skin that may occur either in discrete localized areas or in widespread areas. SEE ALSO: anetoderma. SYN: atrophia cutis. - a. albidum stocking-like type of ...
atrophodermatosis
Any cutaneous affection in which a prominent symptom is skin atrophy.
Atrophy
Wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is wasting of muscle, decrease in muscle mass. A nerve can also show atrophy. For example, atrophy of the optic nerve diminishes ...
Atrophy, peroneal muscular
A neuromuscular disease that is the most common inherited disorder of peripheral nerves, characterized by progressively debilitating weakness. Peroneal muscular atrophy is also ...
Atropine
A drug obtained from belladonna that is administered via injection, eye drops, or in oral form to relax muscles by inhibiting nerve responses. Used to dilate the pupils and as an ...
Atropine psychosis
A syndrome characterized by dry mouth, blurred vision, forgetfulness, and difficulty with urination triggered by atropine and the anticholinergic effects of other drugs, ...
atropinic
Term used to indicate a sharing of pharmacologic properties with atropine. This means blocking parasympathetic neuroeffector junctions leading to a constellation of effects ...
atropinism
Symptoms of poisoning by atropine or belladonna.
atropinization
Administration of atropine or belladonna to the point of achieving the pharmacologic effect.
atroscine
dl-Scopolamine. See scopolamine. [ atropine + hyoscine]
atrotoxin
A component of diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) venom that specifically and reversibly increases voltage-dependent calcium ion currents in isolated myocytes.
ATSDR
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under the Public Health Service that works with states and ...
attachment
1. A connection of one part with another. 2. In dentistry, a mechanical device for the fixation and stabilization of a dental prosthesis. - bar clip attachments SYN: ...
attack
A sudden illness or an episode or exacerbation of chronic or recurrent illness. - brain a. SYN: stroke (1). - drop a. an episode of sudden falling that occurs during standing or ...
Attack, vasovagal
A reflex of the involuntary nervous system called the vasovagal reaction that leads the heart to slow down (bradycardia) and, at the same time, it affects the nerves to the blood ...
attar of rose
SYN: rose oil, oil of rose. [Pers. attara, to smell sweet]
attending
In psychology, an aroused readiness to perceive, as in listening or looking; focusing of sense organs is sometimes involved. [L. attendo, to bend to, notice]
Attention
"Everyone knows what attention is," wrote William James in his Principles of Psychology (1890). "It is the taking possession by the mind in clear and vivid form, of one out of ...
Attention deficit disorder (ADD)
An inability to control behavior due to difficulty in processing neural stimuli. In November, 1998 the National Institutes of Health (NIH) issued a consensus report developed by ...
Attention getting
Attention getting is not a simple automatic act. It requires complex active thought processing. The types of stimuli that are attention getting depend on past experience, ...
attenuant
1. Denoting that which attenuates. 2. An agent, means, or method that attenuates.
Attenuate
To weaken, dilute, thin, reduce, weaken, diminish. The use of "attenuate" in medicine is not new. In the 16th century, eating dried figs was claimed to attenuate the body fluids. ...
Attenuated
Weakened, diluted, thinned, reduced, weakened, diminished. The use of "attenuated" in medicine is not new. In the 16th century, eating dried figs was claimed to attenuate the ...
Attenuated virus
To attenuate is to weaken or to make (or become) thin. The word derives from a combination of the Latin prefix "ad-," meaning "to" or "toward," and "tenuis," meaning "thin." The ...
attenuation
1. The act of attenuating. 2. Diminution of virulence in a strain of an organism, obtained through selection of variants that occur naturally or through experimental means. 3. ...
attenuator
1. An electrical system of resistors and capacitors used to reduce the strength of electrical signals as in ultrasonography. 2. The terminator sequence in DNA at which ...
attic
SYN: epitympanic recess. - tympanic a. SYN: epitympanic recess.
atticomastoid
Relating to the attic of the tympanic cavity and the mastoid antrum or cells.
atticotomy
Operative opening into the tympanic attic. [ attic + G. tome, incision]
attitude
1. Position of the body and limbs. 2. Manner of acting. 3. In social or clinical psychology, a relatively stable and enduring predisposition or set to behave or react in a ...
attitudinal
Relating to a posture of the body; e.g., a. (statotonic) reflex.
atto-
Prefix used in the SI and metric systems to signify one quintillionth (10−18). [Danish atten, eighteen]
attollens
Raising up; in anatomy, muscle action that lifts. [L. at- tollo, pres. p. -tollens, to lift up] - a. aurem, a. auriculam SYN: auricularis superior (muscle). - a. oculi SYN: ...
attractin
A glycoprotein of T cell origin involved in T cell clustering and monocyte movement.
attraction
The tendency of two bodies to approach each other. [L. at-traho, pp. -tractus, to draw toward] - capillary a. the force that causes fluids to rise up very fine tubes or pass ...
attrahens
Drawing toward, denoting a muscle (a. aurem or auriculam) rudimentary in man, that tends to draw the pinna of the ear forward. See auricularis anterior (muscle). [see ...
attrition
1. Wearing away by friction or rubbing. 2. In dentistry, physiological loss of tooth structure caused by the abrasive character of food or from bruxism. Cf.:abrasion. [L. ...
atypia
State of being not typical. SYN: atypism.
atypical
Not typical; not corresponding to the normal form or type. [G. a- priv. + typikos, conformed to a type]
Atypical measles syndrome (AMS)
An altered expression of measles, AMS begins suddenly with high fever, headache, cough, and abdominal pain. The rash may appear 1 to 2 days later, often beginning on the limbs. ...
atypism
SYN: atypia.
Au
Symbol for gold (aurum).
Aub
Joseph C., U.S. physician, 1890–1973. See A.- DuBois table.
Auberger blood group, Au blood group
See Blood Groups appendix.
Aubert
Hermann, German physiologist, 1826–1892. See A. phenomenon.
AUC
Area under the plasma drug concentration vs. time curve; a measure of drug exposure. [abbr. area under the curve]
Auchmeromyia
A genus of bloodsucking botflies (family Calliphoridae, order Diptera). [G. auchmeros, without rain, hence unwashed, squalid, + myia, a fly] - A. luteola the Congo floor maggot; ...
audile
1. Relating to audition. 2. Denoting the type of mental imagery in which one recalls most readily that which has been heard rather than seen or read ( i.e., having an auditory ...
audio-
The sense of hearing. [L. audio, to hear]
audioanalgesia
Use of music or sound delivered through earphones to mask pain during dental or surgical procedures.
audiogenic
Caused by sound, especially a loud noise. [ audio- + G. genesis, production]
audiogram
The graphic record drawn from the results of hearing tests with an audiometer, which charts the threshold of hearing at various frequencies against sound intensity in decibels. ...
Audiologist
A health care professional who is trained to evaluate hearing loss and related disorders, including balance (vestibular) disorders and tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and to ...
audiology
The study of hearing disorders through the identification and measurement of hearing impairment as well as the rehabilitation of persons with hearing impairment s.
audiometer
An electronic device used in measuring the threshold of hearing for pure tones of frequencies generally varying from 125–8000 Hz and speech (recorded in terms of decibels). [ ...
audiometric
Related to measurement of hearing levels or to an audiometer.
audiometrist
A person trained in the use of an audiometer in testing hearing.
audiometry
1. The measurement of hearing. 2. The use of an audiometer. 3. Rapid measurement of the hearing of an individual or a group against a predetermined limit of normalcy; auditory ...
audiovisual
Pertaining to a communication or teaching technique that combines both audible and visible symbols.
audit
An examination or review that establishes the extent to which a condition, process, or performance conforms to predetermined standards or criteria. [L. auditus, a hearing, fr. ...
audition
SYN: hearing. [L. auditio, a hearing, fr. audio, to hear] - chromatic a. SYN: color hearing.
auditive
One who recalls most readily that which has been heard. SYN: audile (3).
auditory
1. Pertaining to the sense of hearing or to the system serving hearing. 2. Used to describe a person who preferentially uses verbal mental imagery. SEE ALSO: internal ...
Auditory acuity
The clarity or clearness of hearing, a measure of how well a person hears. Auditory acuity is what is measured when determining the need for a hearing aide and monitoring the ...
Auditory brainstem response (ABR) test
A test for hearing and brain (neurological) functioning. ABR may be used in the evaluation of: {{}}Neurologic integrity (and hearing) in patients who are comatose, ...
Auditory disease, central
A condition in which there is an inability to differentiate, recognize or understand sounds while both the hearing and intelligence are normal. The problem is "central" as ...
Auditory integration training
An experimental procedure for reducing painful hypersensitivity to sound. It has proved beneficial for some people with autism and other neuropsychiatric disorders.
Auditory perception
The ability to identify, interpret, and attach meaning to sound.
Auditory prosthesis
A device that substitutes for or enhances the ability to hear. Commonly called a hearing aide.
Auditory tube
The tube that runs from the middle ear to the pharynx, also known as the Eustachian tube. The function of this tube is to protect, aerate and drain the middle ear (and ...
Auenbrugger
Leopold, Austrian physician, 1722–1809. See A. sign.
Auer
John, U.S. physician, 1875–1948. See A. bodies, under body, A. rods, under rod.
Auerbach
Leopold, German anatomist, 1828–1897. See A. ganglia, under ganglion, A. plexus.
Aufrecht
Emanuel, German physician, 1844–1933. See A. sign.
Auger
Pierre-Victor, French physicist, 1899–1993. See A. electron.
augnathus
SYN: dignathus. [G. au, again, + gnathos, jaw]
Aujeszky
Aládar, Hungarian pathologist, 1869–1933. See A. disease virus.
aur
Abbreviation for auris.
Aura
A premonition. There is often an aura before a migraine or a grand mal seizure. The aura, a symptom of brain malfunction, may consist of flashing lights, a gleam of light, ...
aural
1. Relating to the ear (auris). 2. Relating to an aura.
Aural vertigo, recurrent
A condition, also known as Meniere's disease, with recurrent vertigo accompanied by ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and deafness. Symptoms include vertigo, dizziness, nausea, ...
auramine O
A yellow fluorescent dye, used as a stain for the tubercle bacillus and as a stain for DNA in Kasten fluorescent Feulgen stain.
auranofin
An oral form of gold complex used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
aureolic acid
SYN: mithramycin.
auri-
Combining form denoting the ear. SEE ALSO: ot-, oto-. [L. auris, an ear.]
auriasis
SYN: chrysiasis.
auric
Relating to gold (aurum).
Auricle
The ear (actually, the pinna which is the principal projecting part of the ear) or something that is ear shaped like the upper chamber (atrium) of the heart. * * * 1. The ...
auricula
1. SYN: auricle (1). 2. SYN: auricles (of atria), under auricle. [L. the external ear, dim. of auris, ear] - atrial a. SYN: auricles (of atria), under auricle. SEE ALSO: ...
Auricular
Of or pertaining to the outer ear. Adjective form of auricle. (Not to be confused with avuncular which refers to an uncle). * * * Relating to the ear, or to an auricle in any ...
auriculare
A craniometric point at the center of the opening of the external acoustic meatus; or, in certain cases, the middle of the upper edge of this opening. SYN: auricular point. [L. ...
auriculocranial
Relating to the auricle or pinna of the ear and the cranium.
auriculotemporal
Relating to the auricle or pinna of the ear and the temporal region.
auriculoventricular
Obsolete synonym for atrioventricular.
aurid
A skin lesion due to injection of gold salts. [L. aurum, gold, + -id (1)]
auriform
Ear-shaped.
aurin
A triphenylmethane derivative used as an indicator (changes from yellow to red at pH 6.8 to 8.2) and as a dye intermediate; also used to help differentiate tubercle bacilli from ...
aurintricarboxylic acid
A chelating agent that has a special affinity for beryllium and certain other materials, and may therefore be of use in combating beryllium poisoning; the ammonium salt is ...
auris
SYN: ear. [L.] - a. externa SYN: external ear. - a. interna SYN: internal ear. - a. media SYN: middle ear.
aurochromoderma
SYN: chrysiasis. [L. aurum, gold, + chroma, color, + derma, skin]
auromercaptoacetanilid
An organic gold compound, insoluble in water; used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, and administered by intramuscular injection; more slowly absorbed than the ...
aurone
1. The parent compound of a series of plant pigments; they are substituted coumaranones, and may be formed from chalcones. They are often found as glycosides. 2. A class of ...
aurotherapy
SYN: chrysotherapy. [L. aurum, gold]
aurothioglucose
Organic gold preparation with –SAu group in place of 1-OH group of glucose; used in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and discoid lupus erythematosus. It is thought to arrest ...
aurothioglycanide
SYN: auromercaptoacetanilid.
aurum
SYN: gold. [L.]
Auscultate
: To listen to the sounds made by the internal organs of the body for diagnostic purposes. For example, nurses and doctors auscultate the lungs and heart of a patient by using a ...
auscultate, auscult
To perform auscultation.
auscultation
Listening to the sounds made by the various body structures as a diagnostic method. [L. ausculto, pp. -atus, to listen to] - immediate a., direct a. a. by application of the ear ...
auscultatory
Relating to auscultation.
Auspitz
Heinrich, Austrian physician, 1835–1886. See A. sign.
Austin Flint
See Flint.
aut-
See auto-.
autacoid
SYN: autocoid. [ aut- + G. akos, relief, resource]
autecic, autecious
Denoting a parasite that infects, throughout its entire existence, the same host. [G. autos, same, + oikion, house]
autemesia
Rarely used term for: 1. Idiopathic or functional vomiting. 2. Vomiting induced by provoking the gag reflex. [G. autos, self, + emesis, vomiting]
authenticity
1. The quality of being authentic, genuine, and valid. 2. In psychological functioning and personality, applied to the conscious feelings, perceptions, and thoughts that one ...
Autism
A spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication, and unusual and repetitive behavior. Some, but not all, people with ...
autistic
Pertaining to or characterized by autism.
auto-, aut-
Prefixes meaning self, same. [G. autos, self]
auto-oxidation
The direct combination of a substance with molecular oxygen at ordinary temperatures. SYN: autoxidation.
auto-oxidizable
Denoting substances that react directly with oxygen ( e.g., b hemochromogen in cytochrome) and do not require the action of dehydrogenases.
autoactivation
SYN: autocatalysis.
autoagglutination
1. Nonspecific agglutination or clumping together of cells ( e.g., bacteria, erythrocytes) due to physical and/or chemical factors. 2. The agglutination of red blood cells by ...
autoagglutinin
An agglutinating autoantibody. - anti- Pr cold a. a cold a. specific for the Pr (protease-sensitive) antigen of erythrocytes. - cold a. an antibody that agglutinates particulate ...
autoallergic
Pertaining to autoallergy.
autoallergization
Induction of autoallergy.
autoallergy
An altered reactivity in which antibodies (autoantibodies) are produced against an individual's own tissues, causing a destructive rather than a protective effect. SYN: ...
autoanalysis
Attempted analysis, or psychoanalysis, of one's self. SYN: self-analysis.
autoanalyzer
An instrument capable of conducting analyses automatically; commonly used in chemical analyses. - sequential multichannel a. (SMA) an automated instrument capable of performing ...
autoanaphylaxis
Obsolete term for certain kinds of autoimmunity.
autoantibody
Antibody occurring in response to antigenic constituents of the host's tissue against self antigen, and which reacts with the inciting tissue component. - antiidiotype a. SYN: ...
autoanticomplement
An anticomplement that is formed in the body of an animal and inhibits or destroys the complement of the same animal.
autoantigen
A “self” antigen; any tissue constituent that evokes an immune response by the host.
autoassay
Detection or estimation of the amount of a substance produced in an organism by means of a test object in that organism, as, for example, use of the denervated heart in situ of ...
autoaugmentation
Augmentation of the bladder by incision and excision of detrusor muscle leaving only bladder epithelium. SYN: autocystoplasty.
autoblast
1. An independent cell. 2. A single, independent microbe, protozoon, or single-celled (acellular) organism. [auto- + G. blastos, germ]
autocatalysis
A reaction in which one or more of the products formed acts to catalyze the reaction; beginning slowly, the rate of such a reaction rapidly increases. Cf.:chain reaction. SYN: ...
autocatalytic
Relating to autocatalysis.
autocatheterization, autocatheterism
Passage of a catheter by the patient.
autochthonous
1. Native to the place inhabited; aboriginal. 2. Originating in the place where found; said of a disease originating in the part of the body where found, or of a disease acquired ...
autoclasis, autoclasia
1. A breaking up or rupturing from intrinsic or internal causes. 2. Progressive immunologically induced tissue destruction. [auto- + G. klasis, breaking]
Autoclave
A chamber for sterilizing with steam under pressure. The original autoclave was essentially a pressure cooker. The steam tightened the lid. The device was called an autoclave ...
autocoid
A chemical substance produced by one type of cell that affects the function of different types of cells in the same region, thus functioning as a local hormone or messenger. SYN: ...
autocrine
Denoting self-stimulation through cellular production of a factor and a specific receptor for it. [auto- + G. krino, to separate]
autocystoplasty
SYN: autoaugmentation. [auto- + G. kystis, bladder, + plastos, formed]
autocytolysin
SYN: autolysin.
autocytolysis
SYN: autolysis.
autocytotoxin
A cytotoxic autoantibody.
autodermic
Relating to one's own skin; denoting especially an a. graft or dermatoautoplasty. [auto- + G. derma, skin]
autodigestion
SYN: autolysis.
autodiploid
See autoploid.
autodrainage
Drainage into contiguous tissues.
autoecholalia
A morbid repetition of another person's or one's own words. [auto- + echolalia]
autoerotic
Pertaining to autoerotism.
autoeroticism
Sexual arousal or gratification using one's own body, as in masturbation. SYN: autoerotism. [auto- + G. erotikos, relating to love]
autoerotism
SYN: autoeroticism. [auto- + G. erotikos, relating to love]
autofluoroscope
A type of scintillation camera consisting of a matrix of individual sodium iodide crystals, each with its separate light pipe and photomultiplier tube; used for radioisotope ...
autogamous
Relating to or characterized by autogamy.
autogamy
A form of self-fertilization in which fission of the cell nucleus occurs without division of the cell, the two pronuclei so formed reuniting to form the synkaryon; in other ...
autogenesis
1. The origin of living matter within the organism itself. 2. In bacteriology, the process by which vaccine is made from bacteria obtained from the patient's own body. [auto- + ...
autogenetic, autogenic
Relating to autogenesis. SYN: autogenous (1).
autogenous
1. SYN: autogenetic, autologous. 2. Originating within the body, applied to vaccines prepared from bacteria or other cells obtained from the affected person. Cf.:endogenous. ...
autognosis
Recognition of one's own character, tendencies, and peculiarities. SYN: self-knowledge. [auto- + G. gnosis, knowledge]
autograft
Tissue or organ transferred into a new position in the body of the same individual. SYN: autogeneic graft, autologous graft, autoplastic graft, autotransplant. [auto- + A.S. ...
autografting
SYN: autotransplantation.
autogram
A wheal-like lesion on the skin following pressure by a blunt instrument or by stroking. [auto- + G. gramma, something written]
autographism
SYN: dermatographism.
autohemagglutination
Autoagglutination of autologous erythrocytes.
autohemolysin
An autoantibody that causes lysis of erythrocytes in the presence of complement.
autohemolysis
Hemolysis occurring in certain diseases as a result of an autohemolysin.
autohexaploid
See autoploid.
autohypnosis
Self-induced hypnosis, accomplished by concentrating on self-absorbing thought or on the idea of being hypnotized. SYN: autohypnotism, idiohypnotism.
autohypnotic
Relating to autohypnosis.
autohypnotism
SYN: autohypnosis.
autoimmune
Cells and/or antibodies arising from and directed against the individual's own tissues, as in a. disease.
Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome
A genetic autoimmune disease with an extraordinary array of clinical features but characterized most often by at least 2 of the following 3 findings: hypoparathyroidism — ...
Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED)
A genetic autoimmune disease with an extraordinary array of clinical features but characterized most often by at least 2 of the following 3 findings: hypoparathyroidism — ...
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS)
A genetic autoimmune disease with an extraordinary array of clinical features but characterized most often by at least 2 of the following 3 findings: hypoparathyroidism — ...
autoimmunity
1. In immunology, the condition in which one's own tissues are subject to deleterious effects of the immune system, as in autoallergy and in autoimmune disease; specific ...
autoimmunization
Induction of autoimmunity.
autoimmunocytopenia
Anemia, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia resulting from cytotoxic autoimmune reactions.
autoinfection
1. Reinfection by microbes or parasitic organisms that have already passed through an infective cycle. 2. Self-infection by direct contagion as with pinworm (Enterobius ...
autoinfusion
Forcing the blood from the extremities or other areas such as the spleen, as by the application of a bandage or pressure device, to raise the blood pressure and fill the vessels ...
autoinoculable
Susceptible to autoinoculation.
autoinoculation
A secondary infection originating from a focus of infection already present in the body.
autointoxicant
An endogenous toxic agent that causes autointoxication. SYN: autotoxin.
autointoxication
A disorder resulting from absorption of the waste products of metabolism, decomposed matter from the intestine, or the products of dead and infected tissue as in gangrene. SYN: ...
autoisolysin
An antibody that in the presence of complement causes lysis of cells in the individual in whose body the lysin is formed, as well as in others of the same species.
autokeratoplasty
Grafting of corneal tissue from one eye of a patient to the fellow eye. [auto- + G. keras, horn, + plastos, formed]
autokinesia, autokinesis
Voluntary movement. [auto- + G. kinesis, movement]
autokinetic
Relating to autokinesis.
autolesion
A self-inflicted injury.
Autologous
: In blood transfusion and transplantation, a situation in which the donor and recipient are the same person. Patients scheduled for non-emergency surgery may be autologous ...
Autologous blood donation
Giving blood to yourself. For example, patients scheduled for non-emergency surgery may be eligible to donate blood for themselves that will be stored until the surgical procedure.
autolysate
The mixture of substances resulting from autolysis.
autolyse
SYN: autolyze.
autolysin
An antibody that in the presence of complement causes lysis of the cells and tissues in the body of the individual in whom the lysin is formed. SYN: autocytolysin.
Autolysis
The enzymatic digestion of cells by enzymes present within them. The cells most susceptible to autolysis tend to be dying or dead cells. Pronounced aw-tol´i-sis. * * * 1. ...
autolytic
Pertaining to or causing autolysis.
autolyze
To undergo autolysis. SYN: autolyse.
automallet
Obsolete term for automatic plugger or condenser.
Automated white cell differential
A machine-generated percentage of the different types of white blood cells, usually split into granulocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.
Automatic behavior
A behavior that is performed without conscious knowledge and that does not appear to be under conscious control. This curious type of behavior occurs in a number of neurological ...
Automatism
1. A behavior that is performed without conscious knowledge and that does not appear to be under conscious control. This curious type of behavior occurs in a number of ...
automatograph
An instrument for recording automatic movements.
automixis
SYN: autogamy. [auto- + G. mixis, intercourse]
automnesia
Spontaneous revival of memories of an earlier condition of life. [auto- + G. mnesis, a remembering]
automysophobia
Morbid dread of personal uncleanliness. [auto- + G. mysos, dirt, + phobos, fear]
autonomic
Relating to the a. nervous system.
Autonomic nervous system
Part of the nervous system that was once thought to be functionally independent of the brain. The autonomic nervous system regulates key functions of the body including the ...
autonomotropic
Acting on the autonomic nervous system. [autonomic + G. trepo, to turn]
autonomous
Having independence or freedom from control by external forces or, in a narrow sense, by the cerebrospinal nerve centers.
autonomy
The condition or state of being autonomous, able to make decisions unaided by others. [auto- + G. nomos, law] - functional a. in social psychology, the tendency of a developed ...
Autonomy, patient
The right of patients to make decisions about their medical care without their health care provider trying to influence the decision. Patient autonomy does allow for health ...
autopathic
Rarely used synonym for idiopathic.
autopentaploid
See autoploid.
autopepsia
Rarely used term for self-digestion, said of ulceration of the gastric mucous membrane by its own secretion, or the digestion of the skin surrounding a gastrostomy or colostomy ...
autophagia
1. Biting one's own flesh; e.g., as a symptom of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. 2. Maintenance of the nutrition of the whole body by metabolic consumption of some of the body tissues. ...
autophagic
Relating to or characterized by autophagia.
autophagolysosome
The digestive vacuole of autophagy that results from the fusion of a primary lysosome with an autophagic vacuole.
autophagy
Segregation and disposal of damaged organelles within a cell. SYN: autophagia (3). [auto- + G. phago, to eat]
Autophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of loneliness, of being alone. A fear of solitude. Sufferers from autophobia may experience anxiety even though they realize that being alone ...
autophony
Increased hearing of one's own voice, breath sounds, arterial murmurs, etc., noted especially in disease of the middle ear or of the nasal fossae. SYN: tympanophonia, ...
autoploid
Relating to an individual or cell with two or more copies of a single haploid set; depending on the number of multiples of the haploid set, autoploids are referred to as ...
autoploidy
The condition of being autoploid.
autoplugger
Obsolete term for automatic plugger.
autopod
SYN: autopodium.
autopodium
The distal major subdivision of a limb (hand or foot). SYN: autopod. [auto- + G. pous (pod-), foot]
autopoisonous
SYN: autotoxic.
autopolymer
See a. resin.
autopolymerization
Polymerization without the use of external heat, as a result of the addition of an activator and a catalyst.
autopolyploid
An autoploid having two or more multiples of the haploid sets of chromosomes.
autopolyploidy
The condition of being allopolyploid.
Autopsy
A postmortem examination. Also called a necropsy. Autopsies have been done for more than 2,000 years but during most of this time they were rarely done, and then only for legal ...
autoradiogram
SYN: autoradiograph. [auto- + radiogram]
autoradiograph
Image of the distribution and concentration of radioactivity in a tissue or other substance made by placing a photographic emulsion on the surface of, or in close proximity to, ...
Autoradiography
A technique using X- ray film to visualize molecules or fragments of molecules that have been radioactively labeled. Autoradiography has many applications in the laboratory. ...
autoreceptor
A site on a neuron that binds the neurotransmitter released by that neuron, which then regulates the neuron's activity. [auto- + receptor]
autoregulation
1. The tendency of the blood flow to an organ or part to remain at or return to the same level despite changes in the pressure in the artery which conveys blood to it. 2. In ...
autoreinfection
SYN: autoinfection.
autoreproduction
The ability of a gene or virus, or nucleoprotein molecule generally, to bring about the synthesis of another molecule like itself from smaller molecules within the cell.
autorrhaphy
Wound closure using strands of fascia from the edges of the wound. [auto- + G. rhaphe, sewing]
autosensitize
To sensitize against one's own body cells. SYN: isosensitize.
autosepticemia
Septicemia apparently originating from microorganisms existing within the individual and not introduced from without. [auto- + G. sepsis, decay, + haima, blood]
autoserotherapy
The treatment of certain conditions, such as dermatoses, by injection of the patient's own blood serum.
autoserum
Serum obtained from the patient's own blood and used in autoserotherapy.
autosite
That member of abnormal, unequal conjoined twins that is able to live independently and nourish the other member (parasite) of the pair. [auto- + G. sitos, food]
autosmia
The smelling of one's own body odor. [auto- + G. osme, smell]

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