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Слова на букву anch-basi (2629)

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bacteriocidal
SYN: bactericidal.
bacteriocide
SYN: bactericide.
bacteriocidin
Antibody having bactericidal activity.
bacteriocinogens
SYN: bacteriocinogenic plasmids, under plasmid.
bacteriocins
Proteins produced by certain bacteria that have bacteriocinogenic plasmids and that exert a lethal effect on closely related bacteria; in general, b. have a narrower range of ...
bacteriofluorescin
A fluorescent material produced by bacteria.
bacteriogenic
Caused by bacteria.
bacteriogenous
1. Producing bacteria. 2. Of bacterial origin or causation.
bacterioid
1. Resembling bacteria. 2. Intracellular forms of Rhizobium spp. in the root nodules of leguminous plants. [bacterio- + G. eidos, resemblance]
bacteriologic, bacteriological
Relating to bacteria or to bacteriology.
bacteriologist
One who primarily studies or works with bacteria.
Bacteriology
: The science and study of bacteria and their relation to medicine and to other areas such as agriculture (e.g., farm animals) and industry. Bacteria are single-celled ...
bacteriolysin
Specific antibody that combines with bacterial cells ( i.e., antigen) and, in the presence of complement, causes lysis or dissolution of the cells.
bacteriolysis
The dissolution of bacteria, e.g., by means of enzymes, hypotonic solutions, or specific antibody and complement. [bacterio- + G. lysis, dissolution]
bacteriolytic
Pertaining to lytic destruction of bacteria; manifesting the ability to cause dissolution of bacterial cells.
bacteriolyze
To cause the digestion or solution of bacterial cells.
bacteriopexy
Immobilization of bacteria by phagocytic cells. [bacterio- + G. pexis, fixation]
bacteriophage
A virus with specific affinity for bacteria. Bacteriophages have been found in association with essentially all groups of bacteria, including the Cyanobacteria; like other ...
bacteriophagia
Lysis of bacteria by a bacteriophage.
bacteriophagology
The study of bacteriophages. SYN: protobiology.
bacteriopheophorbin
De-esterified bacteriopheophorbide, derived from bacteriochlorin.
bacteriophytoma
A growth in plant tissues produced by bacteria. [bacterio- + G. phytos, plant, + -oma, growth]
bacterioprotein
One of the proteins within the cells of bacteria; these substances vary in their character and properties.
bacteriopsonin
An opsonin that may be an antibody acting upon bacteria rendering them susceptible to phagocytic cells.
bacteriosis
A localized or generalized bacterial infection.
bacteriospermia
Bacteria in the semen or ejaculate.
bacteriostasis
An arrest or retardation of growth of bacteria. [bacterio- + G. stasis, a standing still]
bacteriostat
Any agent that inhibits or retards bacterial growth. SYN: bacteriostatic agent.
bacteriostatic
Inhibiting or retarding the multiplication of bacteria.
bacteriotoxic
Poisonous or toxic to bacteria.
bacteriotropic
Turning toward or moving in the direction of bacteria; having an affinity for bacteria. [bacterio- + G. trope, a turning]
bacteriotropin
A constituent of the blood, usually a specific antibody, i.e., opsonin, that combines with bacterial cells and renders them more susceptible to phagocytes.
bacteriotrypsin
A trypsinlike enzyme produced by bacteria, particularly Vibrio cholerae.
Bacterium
A single-celled microorganism which can exist either as an independent (free-living) organism or as a parasite (dependent upon another organism for life). Examples include: ...
bacteriuria
The presence of bacteria in the urine.
bacteroid
Resembling bacteria.
Bacteroidaceae
A family of obligate anaerobic ( microaerophilic species may occur), nonsporeforming bacteria (order Eubacteriales) containing Gram-negative rods which vary in size from minute, ...
Bacteroides
A genus that includes many species of obligate anaerobic, nonsporeforming bacteria (family Bacteroidaceae) containing Gram-negative rods. Both motile and nonmotile species ...
bacteroidosis
Rarely used term for an infection with Bacteroides.
Baehr
George, U.S. physician, 1887–1978. See B.-Lohlein lesion, Lohlein-B. lesion.
Baelz
Erwin O., German physician in Tokyo, 1849–1913. See B. disease.
BAER
Abbreviation for brainstem auditory evoked response. See evoked response.
Baer
Karl E. von, German-Russian embryologist, 1792–1876. See B. law.
Baeyer
Johann F.W.A. von, German chemist and Nobel laureate, 1835–1917. See B. theory.
bag
A pouch, sac, or receptacle. [A.S. baelg] - Ambu b. proprietary name for a self-reinflating b. with nonrebreathing valves to provide positive pressure ventilation during ...
Bag, air
A bag that fills with air, designed for frontal impact crashes, the kind of crashes which account for more than half of all passenger vehicle occupant deaths. Air bags are ...
bagassosis
Extrinsic allergic alveolitis following exposure to sugar-cane fiber dust (bagasse); has been attributed to inhalation of spores of soil fungi and, particularly, thermophilic ...
Baggenstoss
Archie H., U.S. pathologist, *1908. See B. change.
Bagolini
20th century Italian ophthalmologist. See B. test.
Baillarger
Jules G.F., French neurologist, 1809–1891. See B. bands, under band, B. lines, under line.
Bailliart
Paul, French ophthalmologist, 1877–1969. See B. ophthalmodynamometer.
Bainbridge
Francis A., English physiologist, 1874–1921. See B. reflex.
Baker
William M., English surgeon, 1839–1896. See B. cyst. James Porter, U.S. physician, *1902. See Charcot-Weiss-B. syndrome. John Randal, English zoologist, *1900. See B. ...
Baker cyst
A swelling in the space behind the knee (the popliteal space) composed of a membrane-lined sac filled with synovial fluid that has escaped from the joint. Named after the ...
BAL
Abbreviation for British anti- Lewisite. Abbreviation for bronchoalveolar lavage.
Balamuthia
A genus of free-living ameba that causes granulomatous amebic encephalitis.
balan-
See balano-.
Balance
A biological system that enables us to know where our bodies are in the environment and to maintain a desired position. Normal balance depends on information from the inner ear, ...
Balance, acid-base
Acid-base balance refers to the mechanisms the body uses to keep its fluids close to neutral pH (that is, neither basic nor acidic) so that the body can function normally.
Balance, sense of
Our sense of balance is regulated by a complex interaction of the following parts of the nervous system: {{}}The inner ears (also called the labyrinth) monitor the directions of ...
balanic
Relating to the glans penis or glans clitoridis. [G. balanos, acorn, glans]
Balanites aegyptiaca
A genus of trees growing in the Near East, whose berries contain an active principle that is deadly to mollusks, miracidia, cercariae, tadpoles, and fish and that is used as a ...
Balanitis
Inflammation of the rounded head (the glans) of the penis. Inflammation of the foreskin is called posthitis. In the uncircumcised male, balanitis and posthitis generally occur ...
Balanitis, circinate
A form of skin inflammation around the penis in males with Reiter's syndrome. The skin around the shaft and tip (glans) penis can become inflamed and scale. This inflammation ...
balano-, balan-
Glans penis. [G. balanos, acorn, glans]
balanoplasty
Surgical reconstruction of the glans penis. [balano- + G. plastos, formed]
Balanoposthitis
In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the rounded head of the penis) and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) usually occur together as ...
balantidiasis
A disease caused by the presence of Balantidium coli in the large intestine; characterized by diarrhea, dysentery, and occasionally ulceration. SYN: balantidosis.
Balantidium
A genus of ciliates (family Balantidiidae) found in the digestive tract of vertebrates and invertebrates. [G. balantidion, dim of ballantion, a bag] - B. coli a very large ...
balantidosis
SYN: balantidiasis.
balanus
SYN: glans penis. [G. balanos, acorn, glans penis]
bald
Having no hair, or a decrease in the amount of hair of the scalp. [M.E. balled]
Baldness
Medically known as alopecia. There are many types of baldness, each with a different cause. Baldness may be localized to the front and top of the head, as in the very common type ...
Baldness, patchy
Patchy baldness. Also referred to as alopecia areata. Alopecia means baldness and areata means occurring in patches. This process typically begins with patchy hair loss on ...
Balint
Rudolph, Hungarian neurologist and psychiatrist, 1874–1930. See B. syndrome.
Ball
Sir Charles B., Irish surgeon, 1851–1916. See B. operation.
ball
1. A round mass. See bezoar. 2. In veterinary medicine, a large pill or bolus. - chondrin b. one of the globular masses formed by a group of cells enclosed in a capsule, in ...
Ball-and-socket joint
A ball-and-socket joint is one in which the round end of a bone fits into the cavity of another bone. The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint.
Ballance
Sir Charles A., English surgeon, 1856–1936. See B. sign, Koerte-B. operation.
ballism
SYN: ballismus.
ballismus
A type of involuntary movement affecting the proximal limb musculature, manifested as jerking, flinging movements of the extremity; caused by a lesion of or near the ...
ballistocardiogram
A record of the body's recoil caused by cardiac contraction, the ejection of blood into the aorta, and ventricular filling forces; has been used as a basis for calculating the ...
ballistocardiograph
Instrument for taking a ballistocardiogram, consisting either of a moving table suspended from the ceiling, or of an apparatus that rests upon the patient's body, usually on the ...
ballistocardiography
1. The graphic recording of movements of the body imparted by ballistic forces (cardiac contraction and ejection of blood, ventricular filling, acceleration, and deceleration ...
ballistophobia
Morbid fear of a projectile or missile. [G. ballista, catapult, fr. G. ballistes fr. ballo, + phobos, fear]
balloon
1. An inflatable spherical or ovoid device used to retain tubes or catheters in, or provide support to, various body structures. 2. A distensible device used to stretch or ...
Balloon angioplasty
Coronary angioplasty is accomplished using a balloon-tipped catheter inserted through an artery in the groin or arm to enlarge a narrowing in a coronary artery. Coronary artery ...
Balloon tamponade
A procedure in which a balloon is inflated within the esophagus or stomach to apply pressure on bleeding blood vessels, compress the vessels, and stop the bleeding. Used in the ...
ballottable
Capable of exhibiting the phenomenon of ballottement.
ballottement
1. Maneuver used in physical examination to estimate the size of an organ not near the surface, particularly when there is ascites, by a flicking motion of the hand or fingers ...
balm
1. SYN: balsam. 2. An ointment, especially a fragrant one. 3. A soothing application. [L. balsamum, fr. G. balsamon, the balsam tree] - b. of Gilead an oleoresin from ...
balneotherapeutics, balneotherapy
Immersion of part or all of the body in a mineral water bath as a form of therapy. [L. balneum, bath]
Baló
Jozsef, Hungarian physician, *1896. See Baló disease.
balsam
A fragrant, resinous or thick, oily exudate from various trees and plants. SYN: balm (1), oleoresin (3). [G. balsamon; L. balsamum] - Canada b. a yellowish liquid resin from ...
balsamic
1. Relating to balsam. 2. Fragrant.
BALT
Abbreviation for bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue.
Bamberger
Heinrich von, Austrian physician, 1822–1888. See B. albuminuria, B. disease, B. sign. Eugen, Austrian physician, 1858–1921. See B.- Marie disease, B.- Marie syndrome.
bamifylline hydrochloride
A vasodilator and smooth muscle relaxant.
bamipine
An antihistaminic.
bancroftiasis, bancroftosis
Infection with Wuchereria bancrofti.
band
1. Any appliance or part of an apparatus that encircles or binds a part of the body. SEE ALSO: zone. 2. Any ribbon-shaped or cordlike anatomic structure that encircles or binds ...
Band, chromosome
One of the transverse bands produced on chromosomes by differential staining techniques. Depending on the particular staining technique, the bands are alternating light and dark ...
Band, Q
A form of chromosome band, one of the bright and dull fluorescent bands seen alternating along the length of chromosomes under ultraviolet light after the chromosomes are ...
bandage
1. A piece of cloth or other material, of varying shape and size, applied to a body part to provide compression, protect from external contamination, prevent drying, absorb ...
banding
The process of differential staining of (usually) metaphase chromosomes of cells to reveal the characteristic patterns of bands that permit identification of individual ...
Banding of chromosomes
The treatment of chromosomes to reveal characteristic patterns of horizontal bands like bar codes. The banding patterns lend each chromosome a distinctive appearance so the 22 ...
bandwidth
The range of frequency or wavelengths over which a device is intended to operate.
bandy-leg
SYN: genu varum.
bane
A poison or blight. [O.E. bana]
Bang
Bernhard L.F., Danish veterinarian and physician, 1848–1932. See B. disease.
banisterine
SYN: harmine.
Bannayan syndrome
A genetic disease characterized by macrocephaly (enlarged head), multiple lipomas (benign fatty tumors) and hemangiomas (benign blood vessel tumors). The macrocephaly occurs ...
Banti
Guido, Italian physician, 1852–1925. See B. disease, B. syndrome.
Banting
Sir Frederick G., Canadian physician, 1891–1941, co-winner of the 1923 Nobel Prize for isolating insulin from the pancreas.
baptitoxine
SYN: cytisine.
bar
1. A unit of pressure equal to 1 megadyne (106 dyne) per cm2 in the CGS system, 0.9869233 atmosphere, or 105 Pa (N/m2) in the SI system. 2. A metal segment of greater length ...
baragnosis
Loss of ability to appreciate the weight of objects held in the hand, or to differentiate objects of different weights. When the primary senses are intact, caused by a lesion of ...
Bárány
Robert, Austrian-Hungarian otologist and Nobel laureate, 1876–1936. See B. sign, B. caloric test, positional vertigo of B..
barba
1. [NA] The beard. 2. A hair of the beard. SYN: beard [TA]. [L.]
barbaloin
SYN: aloin.
Barber
Glenn, 20th century U.S. orthopedic surgeon. See Blount-B. disease.
Barber itch
A superficial fungal infection of the skin in the bearded area of the face and neck, with swellings and marked crusting, often with itching, sometimes causing the hair to break ...
barbiero
Brazilian term for the bloodsucking hemipteran triatomid bug, Panstrongylus megistus, an important vector of Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. [Pg. the barber]
barbital
An obsolescent hypnotic and sedative; available as b. sodium (soluble b.), with the same uses; often used as a buffer. SYN: 5,5-diethylbarbituric acid, Veronal.
barbiturate
A derivative of barbituric acid, including phenobarbital and others, that act as CNS depressants and are used for their tranquilizing, hypnotic, and anti-seizure effects; most ...
barbituric acid
A crystalline dibasic acid from which barbital and other barbiturates are derived; has no sedative action. SYN: malonylurea.
barbiturism
Chronic poisoning by any of the derivatives of barbituric acid; symptoms, which are not very distinctive, include cutaneous eruption accompanied by chills, fever, and headache.
barbotage
A method of spinal anesthesia in which a portion of the anesthetic solution is injected into the cerebrospinal fluid, which is then aspirated back into the syringe and ...
barbula hirci
The hairs growing from the tragus, antitragus, and incisura intertragica of the auricle of men after age 27 years. [L. dim. of barba, beard, + gen. sing. of hircus, goat] ...
Barclay
Alfred E., English physician, 1877–1949. See B.- Baron disease.
Barcroft
Sir Joseph F., English physiologist, 1872–1947. See B.- Warburg apparatus, B.- Warburg technique.
Bard
Philip, U.S. physiologist, 1898–1945. See Cannon-B. theory.
Bardet
Georges, French physician, *1885. See B.- Biedl syndrome.
Bardinet
Barthélemy A., French physician, 1809–1874. See B. ligament.
baresthesia
SYN: pressure sense. [G. baros, weight, + aisthesis, sensation]
baresthesiometer
An instrument for measuring the pressure sense. [G. baros, weight, + aisthesis, sensation, + metron, measure]
bariatric
Relating to bariatrics.
bariatrics
That branch of medicine concerned with the management (prevention or control) of obesity and allied diseases. [G. baros, weight, + iatreia, medical treatment]
baric
Relating to barometric pressure (as in isobar) or to weight generally.
baricity
The weight of one substance compared to the weight of an equal volume of another substance at the same temperature. [G. baros, weight]
barilla
Commercial, usually impure, sodium carbonate and sulfate.
baritosis
A form of pneumoconiosis caused by barite or barium dust.
barium
A metallic, alkaline, divalent earth element; atomic no. 56, atomic wt. 137.327. Insoluble salts are often used in radiology as contrast media. [G. barys, heavy] - b. chloride ...
Barium enema
: A series of x-rays of the lower intestine (colon) and rectum that are taken after the patient is given an enema with a white, chalky solution that contains barium. The barium ...
Barium solution
: A liquid containing barium sulfate. The barium shows up on x-rays. It outlines organs of the body such as the intestine so they can be seen on x-ray film. One use of a barium ...
Barium swallow
An upper gastrointestinal series (barium swallow) is an X-ray test used to define the anatomy of the upper digestive tract. Women who are or may be pregnant should notify the ...
bark
1. The envelope or covering of the roots, trunk, and branches of plants. Barks of pharmacological significance not listed below are alphabetized under specific names. 2. SYN: ...
Barkan
Otto, U.S. ophthalmologist, 1887–1958. See B. membrane, B. operation.
Barkman
Åke, 20th century Swedish internist. See B. reflex.
Barkow
Hans K.L., German anatomist, 1798–1873. See B. ligaments, under ligament.
Barlow
John B., South African cardiologist, *1924. See B. syndrome. Sir Thomas, British physician, 1845–1945. See B. disease.
Barlow syndrome
Barlow syndrome is mitral valve prolapse (also known as "click murmur syndrome"), the most common heart valve abnormality, affecting 5-10% of the world population. ...
barn
A unit of area for effective cross-section of atomic nuclei with respect to atomic projectiles; equal to 10−24 cm2. [fr. “big as the side of a b.” by humorous comparison ...
Barnard
Christiaan, South African surgeon, *1922, performed the first successful heart transplant in 1967.
Barnes
Robert, British obstetrician, 1817–1907. See B. curve, B. zone. Stanley, British physician, 1875–1955.
baro-
Weight, pressure. [G. baros, weight]
baroceptor
SYN: baroreceptor.
barognosis
Ability to appreciate the weight of objects, or to differentiate objects of different weights. [G. baros, weight, + gnosis, knowledge]
barograph
A device that gives a continuous record of barometric pressure. SYN: barometrograph.
barometrograph
SYN: barograph.
Baron
See Barclay-B. disease.
Baroparesis
Reversible paralysis of the facial nerve due to pressure in the middle ear going up in a plane or surfacing in scuba diving. The excessive pressure in the middle ear ...
barophilic
Thriving under high environmental pressure; applied to microorganisms. [G. baros, weight, + phileo, to love]
baroreceptor
1. In general, any sensor of pressure changes. 2. Sensory nerve ending in the wall of the auricles of the heart, vena cava, aortic arch, and carotid sinus, sensitive to ...
baroreflex
A reflex triggered by stimulation of a baroreceptor.
baroscope
An instrument measuring changes in atmospheric pressure.
Barosinusitis
Sinus troubles, particularly with pain, due to changing atmospheric pressures, as when going up or down in a plane. Also called aerosinusitis or sinus barotrauma. * * ...
barostat
A pressure-regulating device or structure, such as the baroreceptors of the carotid sinus and aortic arch, when connected to effectors providing negative feedback. [G., baros, ...
barotaxis
Reaction of living tissue to changes in pressure. SYN: barotropism. [G. baros, weight, + taxis, order]
Barotitis
Middle ear problems due to changing atmospheric pressures, as when a plane descends to land. The problems include ear pain, ringing, diminished hearing and, sometimes, dizziness. ...
barotitis media
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the middle ear caused by pressure difference within the middle ear relative to ambient pressure, secondary to obstruction of the auditory ...
barotrauma
A term previously used to describe injury to the middle ear or paranasal sinuses, resulting from imbalance between ambient pressure and that within the affected cavity. Now ...
Barotrauma, sinus
Sinus troubles, particularly with pain, due to changing atmospheric pressures, as when going up or down in a plane. Also called aerosinusitis or sinus barotrauma.
barotropism
SYN: barotaxis. [G. baros, weight, + trope, a turning]
Barr
Yvonne M., English virologist, *1932. See Epstein-B. virus. Murray L., Canadian microanatomist, *1908. See B. chromatin body.
Barr body
A microscopic feature of female cells due to the presence of two X chromosomes in the female. One of these X chromosomes is inactive and is crumpled up to form the Barr body.
Barraquer
Ignacio, Spanish ophthalmologist, 1884–1965. See B. method.
Barraquer Roviralta
Luis, Spanish physician, 1855–1928. See Barraquer disease.
Barré
Jean A., French neurologist, *1880. See Barré sign, Guillain-Barré reflex, Guillain-Barré syndrome, Landry-Guillain-Barré syndrome.
barren
Unable to produce a pregnancy. [M.E. bareyne]
Barrett
Norman R., British physician, *1903. See adenocarcinoma in B. esophagus, B. esophagus, B. epithelium, B. syndrome, B. metaplasia.
barrier
1. An obstacle or impediment. 2. In psychiatry, a conflictual agent that blocks behavior that could help resolve a personal struggle. [M.E., fr. O.Fr. barriere, fr. L.L. ...
Bart
Bruce J., U.S. dermatologist, *1936. See B. syndrome.
Bart's
Nickname of St. Bartholomew's Hospital in London, where hemoglobin Bart was first isolated from a patient.
Bartels
Peter H., German scientist in U.S., specializing in optics and computer science, *1929.
Barth
Jean B.P., Strasburg physician, 1806–1877. See B. hernia.
Bartholin
Casper, Danish anatomist, 1655–1738. See B. abscess, B. cyst, B. cystectomy, B. duct, B. gland. Thomas, Danish anatomist, 1616–1680. See B. anus.
bartholinitis
Inflammation of a vulvovaginal ( Bartholin) gland.
Bartholin’s glands
A pair of glands between the vulva and the vagina that produce lubrication in response to stimulation. With a second pair of nearby glands called the lesser vestibular glands, ...
Bartley
Samuel H., U.S. psychologist, *1901. See Brücke-B. phenomenon.
Barton
John Rhea, U.S. surgeon, 1794–1871. See B. bandage, B. forceps, B. fracture.
Bartonella
A genus of bacteria found in humans and in arthropod vectors; grows slowly in artificial media and may be recovered from blood cultures from infected patients; may be seen ...
Bartonella quintana
Also called Rochalimaea quintana, this microorganism is an unusual rickettsia that can multiply within the gut of the body louse and then can be transmitted to humans. ...
Bartonellaceae
A family of bacteria that currently includes the genus Bartonella. Based upon S16 rRNA studies, the former genera of Rochalimaea and Grahamella have been merged with the genus ...
bartonellosis
A disease caused by infection with a species of bacteria belonging to the genus Bartonella,
Bartter
Frederic C., U.S. physician, 1914–1983. See B. syndrome.
Baruch
Simon, U.S. physician, 1840–1921. See B. law.
baruria
Rarely used term for excretion of urine that has an unusually high specific gravity, e.g., greater than 1.025 to 1.030. [G. barys, heavy, + ouron, urine]
bary-
Heavy. [G. barys]
barye
The CGS unit of pressure, equal to 1 dyne/cm2 or 10−6 bar. See bar (1). [G. barys, heavy]
baryta
SYN: barium oxide. [G. barytes, weight]
baryto-
Prefix indicating the presence of barium in a mineral.
bas-fond
SYN: fundus of bladder.
basad
In a direction toward the base of any object or structure.
basal
1. Situated nearer the base of a pyramid-shaped organ in relation to a specific reference point; opposite of apical. SYN: basalis [TA]. 2. In dentistry, denoting the floor of a ...
Basal cells
: Small, round cells found in the lower part, or base, of the epidermis, the outer layer of the skin.
Basal metabolic rate
A measure of the rate of metabolism. For example, someone with an overly active thyroid will have an elevated basal metabolic rate.
Basal nuclei
A region located at the base of the brain composed of 4 clusters of neurons, or nerve cells. This area of the brain is responsible for body movement and coordination. The groups ...
basal ration
Minimal diet containing only essential components.
Basal temperature
1) Usually, a person’s temperature on awakening in the morning. As changes in basal temperature accompany ovulation, it is often tracked by women who wish to ensure or avoid ...
Basal thermometer
Colloquially used as a synonym for basal temperature. Any thermometer can be used to take the basal temperature, although special digital thermometers that are capable of ...
basalis
SYN: basal (1). [L.]
basaloid
Resembling that which is basal, but not necessarily basal in origin or position.
base
1. The lower part or bottom; the part of a pyramidal or conical structure opposite the apex; the foundation. SYN: basis [TA], basement (1). 2. In pharmacy, the chief ...
Base in DNA
A unit of the DNA. There are 4 bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), thymine (T), and cytosine (C). The sequence of bases (for example, CAG) is the genetic code.
Base pair
Two DNA bases complementary to one another (A and T or G and C) that join the complementary strands of DNA to form the double helix characteristic of DNA.
Base sequence
The order of the nucleotide bases — adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C) — in a DNA molecule. Also the order of the nucleotide bases A, G, U (uracil), ...
Base sequence analysis
A method for determining the order of nucleotide bases in DNA.
Base, pressor
A pressor base is a substance chemically classified as a base (or amine) that is capable of raising the blood pressure. "Pressor" refers to causing a rise in blood pressure. The ...
base-stacking
An arrangement of DNA or RNA bases in which the bases lie on top of each other.
basedoid
Rarely used term denoting a condition resembling Graves disease ( Basedow disease), but without toxic symptoms.
Basedow
Karl A. von, German physician, 1799–1854. See B. disease, B. pseudoparaplegia, Jod-B. phenomenon, B. goiter.
basedowian
Rarely used to denote terms described by or attributed to K. Basedow.
basement
1. SYN: base (1). 2. A cavity or space partly or completely separated from a larger space above it.
baseplate
A temporary form representing the base of a denture; used for making maxillomandibular (jaw) relation records and for the arrangement of teeth. SYN: record base, temporary base, ...
Basham mixture
SYN: ferric and ammonium acetate solution.
basi-, basio-, baso-
Base; basis. [G. and L. basis]
basialis
Relating to a basis or the basion.
basialveolar
Relating to both basion and alveolar points; denoting especially the b. length, or the shortest distance between these two points.
basic
Relating to a base.
basic life support
Emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation, control of bleeding, treatment of shock, acidosis, and poisoning, stabilization of injuries and wounds, and basic first aid.
Basic Local Alignment Search Tool
Abbreviated BLAST. A computer program that identifies homologous genes in different organisms (such as worms, the fruit fly, mice, and humans). Homologous genes are genes in ...
basicity
1. The valence or combining power of an acid, or the number of replaceable atoms of hydrogen in its molecule. 2. The characteristic(s) of being a chemical base.
basicranial
Relating to the base of the skull.
basicranium
cranial base.
Basidiobolus
A genus of fungi belonging to the class Zygomycetes. B. haptosporus has been isolated from cases of zygomycosis ( entomophthoramycosis basidiobolae) in humans, especially in ...
Basidiomycetes
One of the four major classes of fungi, characterized by a spore-bearing organ (basidium), usually a single clavate cell, which bears basidiospores after karyogamy and meiosis. ...
Basidiomycota
A phylum of fungi characterized by a spore-bearing organ, the basidium, that is usually a clavate cell that bears basidiospores after karyogamy and meiosis. Some mycologists ...
basidiospore
A fungal spore borne on a basidium, characteristic of the class Basidiomycetes. [G. basidon, small base, + sporos, seed]
basidium
A cell or spore-bearing organ usually club-shaped that is characteristic of the Basidiomycota. It bears basidiospores externally after karyogamy and meiosis. It is composed of ...
basifacial
Relating to the lower portion of the face.
basihyal
SYN: body of hyoid bone.
basihyoid
SYN: body of hyoid bone.
Basilar
Located at or near the base of a structure, especially the base of the skull. For example, a basilar fracture is a break in the bone at the base of the skull and can be ...

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