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Слова на букву basi-chem (2629)

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Bovie
An instrument used for electrosurgical dissection and hemostasis. Frequently used as a verb, i.e., to B. something is to dissect or cauterize it with the B. instrument.
Bovine
Having to do with a cow (or bull). For example, bovine growth hormone is similar to human growth hormone but is made by the pituitary gland of the cow (and is used to increase ...
Bowel
Another name for the intestine. The small bowel and the large bowel are the small intestine and large intestine, respectively. The word "bowel" originated from the Latin ...
Bowel disease, inflammatory
A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by inflammation of the bowel — the large or small intestine. The most common types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are ...
Bowel disorders and fiber
High fiber diets help delay the progression of diverticulosis and, at least, reduce the bouts of diverticulitis. In many cases, it helps reduce the symptoms of the Irritable ...
Bowel sounds
The gurgling, rumbling, or growling noises from the abdomen caused by the muscular contractions of peristalsis, the process that moves the contents of the stomach and intestines ...
Bowen
John T., U.S. dermatologist, 1857–1941. See B. disease, B. precancerous dermatosis, bowenoid papulosis, Bowenoid cells, under cell.
Bowen disease
An early stage of skin cancer. Bowen's disease is medically the same as " squamous cell carcinoma in situ." Squamous cell carcinoma is a tumor that develops from the squamous ...
Bowie
Donald James, Canadian physician, *1887. See B. stain.
bowleg, bow-leg
SYN: genu varum.
Bowles type stethoscope
See under stethoscope.
Bowman
Sir William, English ophthalmologist, anatomist, and physiologist, 1816–1892. See B. capsule, B. disks, under disk, B. gland, B. membrane, B. muscle, B. probe, B. space.
box
Container; receptacle. [L.L. buxis, fr. G. puxis, b. tree] - black b. 1. ( Jargon) descriptive of a method of reasoning or studying a problem, in which the methods and ...
boxing
In dentistry, the building up of vertical walls, usually in wax, around a dental impression after beading, to produce the desired size and form of the dental cast, and to ...
Boyce
William H., U.S. urologist, *1918. See Smith-B. operation.
Boyden
Edward A., U.S. anatomist, 1886–1976. See B. meal, B. sphincter.
Boyer
Baron Alexis, French surgeon, 1757–1833. See B. bursa, B. cyst.
Boyle
Hon. Robert, British physicist and chemist, 1627–1691. See B. law.
Bozeman
Nathan G., U.S. surgeon, 1825–1905. See B. operation, B. position, B.- Fritsch catheter.
Bozzolo
Camillo, Italian physician, 1845–1920. See B. sign.
bp
1. Commonly used abbreviation for blood pressure. For example, in a medical chart, you might see scrawled "BP90/60 T98.6 Ht60/reg R15", which is short hand signifying ...
BPD
Stands for Borderline Personality Disorder, a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and behavior. ...
BPH
Benign prostatic hypertrophy. Nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland.
BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia)
A prostate problem that bothers men with age, BPH generally begins in a man's 30s, evolves slowly and only causes symptoms after 50. In BPH the normal elements of the prostate ...
BPH (benign prostatic hypertrophy)
: Nonmalignant (noncancerous) enlargement of the prostate gland, a common occurrence in older men. It is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (also abbreviated as BPH). ...
BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo)
A balance disorder that results in the sudden onset of dizziness, spinning, or vertigo when moving the head.
Bq
Abbreviation for becquerel.
Br
Symbol for bromine.
Braasch
William F., U.S. urologist, 1878–1975. See B. bulb, B. catheter.
brace
An orthosis or orthopedic appliance that supports or holds in correct position a part of the body and can allow motion at adjacent joints, in contrast to a splint, which ...
Brace, Milwaukee
One of the two main types of braces used to treat the lateral curve of the spine in scoliosis. This brace can be worn to correct any curve in the spine. The brace can be ...
braces
Colloquialism for orthodontic appliances.
brachia
Plural of brachium.
brachial
Relating to the arm.
Brachial artery
The artery that runs from the shoulder down to the elbow.
Brachial plexus
A bundle of nerves beginning in the back of the base of the neck and extending through the axilla (armpit). The brachial plexus is formed by the union of portions of the fifth ...
brachialgia
Pain in the arm. [L. brachium, arm, + algos, pain] - b. statica paresthetica pain in the arm and transient paresthesia occurring only at night.
brachio-
SYN: arm (1). [L. brachium]
brachiocephalic
Relating to both arm and head.
brachiocrural
Relating to both arm and thigh.
brachiocubital
Relating to both arm and elbow or to both arm and forearm.
brachiogram
Tracing of the brachial artery pulse.
brachium
1. SYN: arm (1). 2. An anatomic structure resembling an arm. [L. arm, prob. akin to G. brachion] - b. colliculi inferioris [TA] SYN: b. of inferior colliculus. - b. colliculi ...
Brachmann-de Lange syndrome
A relatively common birth defect syndrome, also known as the de Lange syndrome, with multiple malformations and mental retardation of unknown origin. The syndrome is recognized ...
Bracht
Erich Franz, German obstetrician and gynecologist, *1882. See B. maneuver. E., 20th century German pathologist. See B.- Wächter lesion.
brachy-
Short. [G. brachys, short]
Brachy- (prefix)
: Short. From the Greek brachys meaning short. The prefix " brachy-" appears in a number of medical terms including brachycephaly, brachydactyly, and brachytherapy: ...
brachybasia
The shuffling gait characteristic of pyramidal tract disease. [ brachy- + G. basis, a stepping]
brachybasocamptodactyly
Combined disproportionate shortness and crookedness of the fingers. [ brachy- + G. basis, base, + campylos, curved, + daktylos, finger]
brachybasophalangia
Abnormal shortness of the proximal phalanges. [ brachy- + G. basis, base, + phalanx]
brachycardia
SYN: bradycardia.
brachycephalia
SYN: brachycephaly.
brachycephalic
Relating to or characterized by brachycephaly. SYN: brachycephalous.
brachycephalism
SYN: brachycephaly. [ brachy- + G. kephale, head]
brachycephalous
SYN: brachycephalic.
Brachycephaly
: A short head, one that is short in diameter from front to back. Brachycephaly is a frequent feature of syndromes of congenital malformation (birth defect complexes) including ...
brachycheilia, brachychilia
Abnormal shortness of the lips. [ brachy- + G. cheilos, lip]
brachycnemic
Having short legs; specifically, relating to a tibiofemoral index of less than 82 with the leg disproportionately shorter than the thigh. [ brachy- + G. kneme, leg]
brachycranic
Brachycephalic with a cephalic index of 80.0 to 84.9. [ brachy- + G. kranion, skull]
brachydactylia
SYN: brachydactyly. [ brachy- + G. daktylos, finger]
brachydactylic
Denoting brachydactyly.
Brachydactyly
Short, stubby fingers and toes. Brachydactyly is a frequent feature of syndromes of congenital malformation (constellations of birth defects) including Down syndrome (trisomy ...
brachyesophagus
An abnormally short esophagus. [ brachy- + esophagus]
brachyfacial
SYN: brachyprosopic.
brachyglossal
Denoting an abnormally short tongue. [ brachy- + G. glossa, tongue]
brachygnathia
Abnormal shortness or recession of the mandible. SEE ALSO: micrognathia. SYN: bird face. [ brachy- + G. gnathos, jaw]
brachygnathous
Having a receding underjaw.
brachykerkic
Relating to a radiohumeral index of less than 75, with a forearm relatively shorter than the upper arm. [ brachy- + G. kerkis, radius]
brachymelia
Disproportionate shortness of the limbs. [ brachy- + G. melos, limb]
brachymesophalangia
Abnormal shortness of the middle phalanges. [ brachy- + G. mesos, middle, + phalanx]
brachymetacarpia
Abnormal shortness of the metacarpals, especially the fourth and fifth. SYN: brachymetacarpalia, brachymetacarpalism.
brachymetapody
Apparent shortness of toes or fingers resulting from shortness or hypoplasia of the metacarpals or metatarsals. [ brachy- + G. meta- (tarsal) + pous (pod-), foot]
brachymetatarsia
Abnormal shortness of the metatarsals.
brachymorphic
Having, or denoting, a shorter form than that of the usually accepted norm. [ brachy- + G. morphe, form]
brachyodont
Having abnormally short teeth. [ brachy- + G. odous, tooth]
brachyonychia
Short nails, in which the width of the nail plate and nail bed is greater than the length; may be congenital or result from nail biting, bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism, ...
brachypellic
Denoting a transverse oval pelvis. See b. pelvis. SYN: brachypelvic. [ brachy- + pelvis]
brachypelvic
SYN: brachypellic.
brachyphalangia
Abnormal shortness of the phalanges. [ brachy- + phalanx]
brachypodous
Having abnormally short feet. [ brachy- + G. pous, foot]
brachyprosopic
Having a disproportionately short face. SYN: brachyfacial. [ brachy- + G. prosopikos, facial]
brachyrhinia
Abnormal shortness of the nose. [ brachy- + G. rhis, nose]
brachyrhynchus
Abnormal shortness of the nose and maxilla, often associated with cyclopia. [ brachy- + G. rhynchos, snout]
brachyskelic
Relating to abnormally short legs. [ brachy- + G. skelos, leg]
brachystaphyline
Having a short palate; having a palatomaxillary index above 85. [ brachy- + G. staphyle, uvula]
brachysyndactyly
Abnormal shortness of fingers or toes combined with a webbing between the adjacent digits. [ brachy- + syndactyly]
brachytelephalangia
Abnormal shortness of the distal phalanges. [ brachy- + G. telos, end, + phalanx]
Brachytherapy
Radiation treatment given by placing radioactive material directly in or near the target, which is often a tumor. Brachytherapy for prostate cancer, for example, is also called ...
brachytype
SYN: endomorph.
bracing
In dentistry, resistance to horizontal components of masticatory force. See component of force.
bracket
In dentistry, a small metal attachment that is soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or bonded directly to the teeth, serving to fasten the arch wire to the band or tooth.
Bradbury
Samuel, U.S. physician. See B.-Eggleston syndrome.
Bradford
Edward H., U.S. orthopedist, 1848–1926. See B. frame.
brady-
Slow. [G. bradys, slow]
bradyarrhythmia
Any disturbance of the heart's rhythm resulting(by convention) in a rate under 50 beats per min. [ brady- + G. a- priv. + rhythmos, rhythm]
bradyarthria
A form of dysarthria characterized by an abnormal slowness or deliberation in speech. SYN: bradyglossia (2), bradylalia, bradylogia. [ brady- + G. arthroo, to utter ...
Bradycardia
: A slow heart rate, usually defined as less than 60 beats per minute. The word bradycardia is logically derived from two Greek roots: bradys, slow + cardia, heart = slow heart. * ...
bradycardiac
Relating to or characterized by bradycardia. SYN: bradycardic.
bradycardic
SYN: bradycardiac.
bradycinesia
SYN: bradykinesia.
bradycrotic
Relating to or characterized by a slow pulse. [brady- + G. krotos, a striking]
bradydiastole
Prolongation of the diastole of the heart.
bradyesthesia
Slow sensory perception. [ brady- + G. aisthesis, sensation]
bradyglossia
1. Slow or difficult tongue movement. 2. SYN: bradyarthria. [ brady- + G. glossa, tongue]
Bradykinesia
Slowed ability to start and continue movements, and impaired ability to adjust the body’s position. Can be a symptom of neurological disorders, particularly Parkinson’s ...
Bradykinetic
Pertaining to slowed ability to start and continue movements, and impaired ability to adjust the body's position. Bradykinesia can be a symptom of neurological disorders, ...
bradykinin
The nonapeptide Arg–Pro–Pro–Gly–Phe–Ser–Pro–Phe–Arg, produced from the decapeptide kallidin ( bradykininogen) that is produced from α2-globulin by kallikrein, ...
bradykinin potentiator B
Glp–Gly–Leu–Pro–Pro–Arg–Pro–Lys–Ile–Pro–Pro; the undecapeptide precursor of bradykinin and the angiotensins.
bradykininogen
SYN: kallidin.
bradylalia
SYN: bradyarthria. [ brady- + G. lalia, speech]
bradylexia
Abnormal slowness in reading. [ brady- + G. lexis, word]
bradylogia
SYN: bradyarthria. [ brady- + G. logos, word]
bradypepsia
Slowness of digestion. [ brady- + G. pepsis, digestion]
bradyphagia
Slowness in eating. [ brady- + G. phago, to eat]
bradyphasia
A form of aphasia characterized by abnormal slowness of speech. SYN: bradyphemia. [ brady- + G. phasis, speaking]
bradyphemia
SYN: bradyphasia. [ brady- + G. pheme, speech]
Bradyphrenia
Slowed thought processes. Can be a side effect of certain psychiatric medications.
bradypnea
Abnormal slowness of respiration, specifically a low respiratory frequency. [ brady- + G. pnoe, breathing]
bradypsychia
Slowness of mental reactions. [ brady- + G. psyche, soul]
bradyrhythmia
SYN: bradycardia.
bradyspermatism
Absence of ejaculatory force, so that the semen trickles away slowly. [brady, + G. sperma (spermat-), seed, + ism]
bradysphygmia
Slowness of the pulse; can occur without bradycardia, as in ventricular bigeminy when every alternate beat may fail to produce a peripheral pulse. [ brady- + G. sphygmos, pulse] ...
bradystalsis
Slow bowel motion. [G. bradys, slow, + (peri) stalsis, contracting around]
bradyteleocinesia
Sudden arrest of a movement just before its intended termination, then after a pause it is completed slowly or by jerks; a symptom of cerebellar disease. SYN: ...
bradyteleokinesis
SYN: bradyteleocinesia.
bradyuria
Slow micturition. [ brady- + G. ouron, urine]
bradyzoite
A slowly multiplying encysted form of sporozoan parasite typical of chronic infection with Toxoplasma gondii. It has also been called a merozoite or zoite; the complex of ...
braille
A system of writing and printing by means of raised dots corresponding to letters, numbers, and punctuation to enable the blind to read by touch. [ Louis B., French teacher of ...
Braille system
A system of raised-dot writing devised by Louis Braille (1809-1852) for the blind in which each letter is represented as a raised pattern that can be read by touching with the ...
Brailsford
James Frederick, English radiologist, 1888–1961. See B.- Morquio disease.
Brain
That portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It functions as a primary receiver, organizer and distributor of information for the body. It has ...
Brain anthrax
Anthrax infection of the central nervous system (the spinal cord and brain) and meninges (the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. These microscopic findings come from ...
Brain stem
: The stemlike part of the brain that is connected to the spinal cord. Or conversely, the extension of the spinal cord up into the brain. The brain stem is small but important. It ...
Brain stem glioma
A malignant tumor that arises in the brain stem, the part of the brain that connects to the spinal cord. The brain stem controls many vital functions. Tumors in this area ...
Brain ventricle
One of a system of four communicating cavities within the brain that are continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord. The four ventricles consist of the two lateral ...
Brain, fornix of the
An arching fibrous band in the brain connecting the two lobes of the cerebrum. (The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain and consists of two hemispheres separated by a deep ...
Brain, water on the
Known medically as " hydrocephalus", this is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under increased pressure and can ...
braincase
SYN: neurocranium.
Brainerd diarrhea
A syndrome characterized by the acute onset of watery nonbloody diarrhea (3 or more loose stools per day), lasting 4 weeks or more, and resolving spontaneously. The disease is of ...
Brainstem implant
An auditory prosthesis (hearing aide) that bypasses the cochlea in the middle ear and the auditory nerve. This type of implant helps individuals who can not benefit from a ...
brainstem, brain stem
Originally, the entire unpaired subdivision of the brain, composed of (in anterior sequence) the rhombencephalon, mesencephalon, and diecephalon as distinguished from the ...
brainwashing
Inducing a person to modify attitudes and behavior in certain directions through various forms of psychological pressure or torture.
bran
A by-product of the milling of wheat, containing approximately 20% of indigestible cellulose; a bulk cathartic, usually taken in the form of cereal or special b. products.
branch
An offshoot; in anatomy, one of the primary divisions of a nerve or blood vessel. A b.. See ramus, artery, nerve, vein. SYN: ramus (1) [TA]. - accessory meningeal b. SYN: ...
branchia
The gills, or organs of respiration, in water-living animals. [G. gill]
branchial
1. Relating to branchiae or gills. 2. In embryology, denoting the various structures constituting the b. apparatus.
Branchial cleft cyst
Also called a branchial cyst, this is a cavity that is a remnant from embryologic development present at birth in one side of the neck just in front of the large angulated ...
Branchial cyst
Also called a branchial cleft cyst, this is a cavity that is a remnant from embryologic development present at birth in one side of the neck just in front of the large angulated ...
branching
Dividing into parts; sending out offshoots; bifurcating. SYN: ramose, ramous. [Fr. branche, related to L. branchium, arm] - false b. in bacteriology, the appearance of b. ...
branchiogenic, branchiogenous
Originating from the branchial arches. [G. branchia, gill, -gen, to produce]
branchiomere
An embryonic segment from which a branchial arch is developed. [G. branchia, gill, + meros, part]
branchiomerism
Arrangement into branchiomeres.
branchiomotor
Relating to or controlling the movement of muscles associated with the branchial arches.
brandy
An alcoholic liquid obtained by the distillation of the fermented juice of sound ripe grapes and usually containing 48 to 54% ethyl alcohol. [Du. brandewijn, burnt (distilled) ...
Branham
H.H., 19th century U.S. surgeon. See B. sign. Sara Elizabeth, U.S. bacteriologist, 1888–1962. See Branhamella.
Branhamella
A subgenus of aerobic, nonmotile, nonsporeforming bacteria containing Gram-negative cocci that occur in pairs with adjacent sides flattened; these organisms are currently ...
branny
Denoting desquamation of small husklike scales. [M.E. bran, broken coat of cereal grain]
Brasdor
Pierre, French surgeon, 1721–1798. See B. method.
Braun
Christopher Heinrich, German surgeon, 1847–1911. See B. anastomosis.
Braune
Christian W., German anatomist, 1831–1892. See B. muscle, B. valve.
brawny
Thickened (lichenified) and dusky (a darkened hue), as of a swelling. [M.E. fleshy]
Braxton Hicks
John, British gynecologist, 1823–1897. See B. contraction, B. sign.
Braxton Hicks contractions
Irregular contractions of the womb (the uterus) occurring towards the middle of pregnancy in the first pregnancy and, earlier and more intensely, in subsequent pregnancies. These ...
Bray
Charles William, U.S. otologist, *1904. See Wever-B. phenomenon.
Brazelton
T. Berry, U.S. pediatrician, *1918. See B. Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale, under scale.
Brazelton newborn test
A widely used test of the newborn baby as to their neurologic status and developmental progress. The Brazelton newborn test is formally called the Neonatal Behavioral ...
brazilein
A red oxidation product of brazilin.
brazilin
A red natural dye, C16H14O5, obtained from the bark of several species of tropical trees and oxidized to the active red dye brazilein; resembles hematoxylin in origin, ...
brazing
In dentistry, soldering.
BrDu
Abbreviation for bromodeoxyuridine.
break
Separation into parts. - double-strand b. a b. in double-stranded DNA in which both strands have been cleaved; however, the two strands have not separated from each other. - ...
Breakbone fever
An acute mosquito-borne viral illness of sudden onset that usually follows a benign course with headache, fever, prostration, severe joint and muscle pain, swollen glands ...
breakpoint
In helminth epidemiology, the critical mean wormload in a community, below which the helminth mating frequency is too low to maintain reproduction. Below this level, helminth ...
breakthrough
A sudden manifestation of new insights and more constructive attitudes following a period of resistance during psychotherapy.
Breast
The breast refers to the front of the chest or, more specifically, to the mammary gland. The mammary gland is a milk producing gland. It is composed largely of fat. Within the ...
Breast absence
A rare condition wherein the normal growth of the breast or nipple never takes place. They are congenitally absent. There is no sign whatsoever of the breast tissue, areola or ...
Breast augmentation
Enlargement of the breasts. Augmentation of the breast typically consists of insertion of a silicone bag (prosthesis) under the breast (submammary) or under the breast and chest ...
Breast cancer susceptibility genes
Inherited factors that predispose to breast cancer. Put otherwise, these genes make one more susceptible to the disease and so increase the risk of developing breast cancer. Two ...
Breast cancer, familial
A number of factors have been identified that increase the risk of breast cancer. One of the strongest of these risk factors is the history of breast cancer in a relative. ...
Breast cancer, male
Breast cancer is much less common in men. Fewer than 1% of persons with breast cancer are male. (In the U.S., about 175,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, as ...
Breast development, early
The beginning of breast development at puberty is known medically as thelarche. It is now a normal event at an earlier age (e.g., age 8) than in the past.
Breast feeding
The ability of the breast to produce milk diminishes soon after childbirth without the stimulation of breastfeeding. Immunity factors in breast milk can help the baby to fight ...
Breast, amastia
A rare condition wherein the normal growth of the breast or nipple never takes place. They are congenitally absent. There is no sign whatsoever of the breast tissue, areola or ...
Breast, infiltrating ductal carcinoma of
Infiltrating ductal carcinoma is one of several recognized specific patterns of cancer of the breast. It is so named because it begins in the cells forming the ducts of the ...
Breast, infiltrating lobular carcinoma of the
Infiltrating lobular carcinoma is the second most common type of invasive breast cancer next to infiltrating ductal carcinoma, accounting for 5 to 10% of breast cancer. ...
Breast, Paget's disease of
The combination of scaly skin changes of the nipple resembling eczema and an underlying cancer of the breast. The nipple is inflamed because of the presence of Paget's cells. ...
breath
1. The respired air. 2. An inspiration. [A.S. braeth] - liver b. SYN: fetor hepaticus. - uremic b. characteristic odor of the b. in patients with chronic renal failure, ...
breath-holding
Voluntary or involuntary cessation of breathing; often seen in young children as a response to frustration.
Breathing
The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through the mouth or nose due to muscle contraction, and then exhaled due to muscle relaxation. * * ...
Breda
Achille, Italian dermatologist, 1850–1933. See B. disease.
bredouillement
Omission of parts of words related to extremely rapid speech. [Fr.]
breech
SYN: buttocks. [A.S. brec]
Breech birth
Literally, delivery of the baby by the buttocks first, rather than the head as is usual. Breech birth is more likely to cause injury to the mother or the infant. In many cases a ...
breeding
Selected mating of individuals to produce a strain that is desirable or of scientific interest. SEE ALSO: hybridization, linebreeding, inbreeding. [breed, fr. M.E. breden, fr. ...
bregma
The point on the skull corresponding to the junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures. [G. the forepart of the head]
bregmatic
Relating to the bregma.
brei
A fine and uniform mince or mush of tissue in which the cells are for the most part intact. Cf.:homogenate. [Ger. pulp]
bremsstrahlung
Continuous spectrum radiation produced by the slowing of electrons in a beam by nuclei in their vicinity. [Ger. B., braking radiation]
Brenn
Lena, 20th century U.S. researcher. See Brown-B. stain.
Brenner
Fritz, German pathologist, *1877. See B. tumor.
brepho-
Prefix denoting a primitive stage of development. [G. brephos, embryo or newborn infant]
Breschet, Brechet
Gilbert, French anatomist, 1784–1845. See B. bones, under bone, B. canals, under canal, B. hiatus, B. sinus, B. vein.
Brescia
Michael J., U.S. nephrologist, *1933. See B.- Cimino fistula.
Breslow
Alexander, U.S. pathologist, 1928–1980. See B. thickness.
Breslow thickness
A method for determining the prognosis with melanoma. The thickness of a melanoma is related to the 5-year survival rate after surgical removal of the tumor. Named for the ...
bretylium
1. An antihypertensive, which on chronic oral dosing, first releases, then diminishes the release of norepinephrine from noradrenergic nerve endings. 2. An antiarrhythmic used ...
bretylium tosylate
A sympatholytic agent that prevents the release of norepinephrine from the nerve ending; used in the treatment of essential hypertension. SEE ALSO: bretylium.
Breuer
Josef, Austrian internist, 1842–1925. See Hering-B. reflex.
brevetoxins
Structurally unique neurotoxins produced by the "red tide" dinoflagellate Ptychodiscus brevis Davis (Gymnodinium breve Davis). An algae responsible for large fish kills and ...
Brevibacterium
A bacterial genus of nonmotile, nonsporeforming, Gram-positive rods found as normal human skin flora and in raw milk and on the surface of cheeses; some species, recovered from ...
brevicollis
Abnormal shortness of the neck. [L. brevis, short, + collum, neck]
brevis
Brief, short. [L. short]
Brewer
George E., U.S. surgeon, 1861–1939. See B. infarcts, under infarct.
Bricker
Eugene M., U.S. urologist, *1908. See B. operation.
Bridge
A set of one or more false teeth supported by a metal framework, used to replace one or more missing teeth. Bridges may be fixed or removable. A fixed bridge (a partial denture) ...
bridgework
SYN: partial denture.
bridle
1. SYN: frenum. 2. A band of fibrous material stretching across the surface of an ulcer or other lesion or forming adhesions between opposing serous or mucous surfaces. [M.E. ...
Bright
Richard, English internist and pathologist, 1789–1858. See B. disease.
Brill
Nathan E., U.S. physician, 1860–1925. See B. disease, B.- Zinsser disease.
Brill-Zinsser disease
Recrudescence of epidemic typhus years after the initial attack. The agent that causes epidemic typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii) remains viable for many years and then when host ...
brilliant cresyl blue
See cresyl blue.
brilliant vital red
SYN: vital red.
brilliant yellow
An indicator dye that changes from yellow to orange or red at pH 6.4 to 8.0.
brim
The upper edge or rim of a hollow structure. - pelvic b. SYN: pelvic inlet.
brimstone
SYN: sulfur. [A.S. brinnan, to burn]
brindle
A hair coat color in which there is a uniform mixture of gray or tawny hairs with others of white or black; a composite color. [diminutive of O.E. brinded]
Brinell
Johan A., Swedish metallurgist, 1849–1925. See B. hardness number.
Briquet
Paul, French physician, 1796–1881. See B. ataxia, B. syndrome.
brisement
Procedure infrequently used to treat frozen shoulder in which a forceful manipulation is performed to restore range of motion that usually results in torn adhesions and adjacent ...
Brissaud
Edouard, French physician, 1852–1909. See B. disease, B. infantilism, B. reflex, B.- Marie syndrome.
Brissaud’s infantilism
An eponym that is little used (in the USA) for hypothyroidism (subnormal activity of the thyroid gland) that starts after birth and is manifest by features including delays in ...
British anti-Lewisite
SYN: dimercaprol.
British Pharmacopoeia
See Pharmacopeia.
Brittle bone disease
Osteogenesis imperfecta, not one but a group of genetic diseases, all of which affect collagen, a key component of connective tissue in tissues like bone, tendon and skin. All ...
broach
A dental instrument for removing the pulp of a tooth or exploring the canal. - barbed b. a root canal instrument set with barbs; used for removing a dental pulp, pulp tissue ...
broad-spectrum
See spectrum.
Broadbent
Sir William H., British physician, 1835–1907. See B. law, B. sign.
Broca
Pierre P., French surgeon, neurologist, and anthropologist, 1824–1880. See B. angles, under angle, B. aphasia, B. basilar angle, B. facial angle, B. area, B. parolfactory ...
Broca’s area
An area of the cerebral motor cortex in the frontal lobe of the brain that is responsible for speech development. Damage to Broca’s area can cause speech disorders, including ...
Brock
Sir Russell C., British surgeon, *1903. See B. syndrome, B. operation.
Brockenbrough
E.C., U.S. surgeon, *1930. See B. sign.
brocresine
A histidine decarboxylase inhibitor.
Brödel
Max, German medical artist in the U.S., 1870–1941. See B. bloodless line.
Brodie
Sir Benjamin C., British surgeon, 1783–1862. See B. abscess, B. bursa, B. disease, B. knee. Charles Gordon, Scottish anatomist and surgeon, 1860–1933. See B. ligament. Thomas ...
Brodmann
Korbinian, German neurologist, 1868–1918. See B. areas, under area.
Broesike
Gustav, German anatomist, *1853. See B. fossa.
Broken hip
Fractured bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due to a fall or other kind of trauma involving direct impact to the hip bone which has been weakened ...
brom-, bromo-
1. Foul-smelling. 2. Indicating the presence of bromine in a compound. [G. bromos, a stench]
bromate
Salt or anion of bromic acid.
bromated
Combined or saturated with bromine or any of its compounds. SYN: brominated.
bromazepam
An antianxiety agent of the benzodiazepine class.
bromazine hydrochloride
SYN: bromodiphenhydramine hydrochloride.
bromcresol green
A substituted triphenylmethane dye (pKa 4.7), sparingly soluble in water but readily soluble in alcohol, diethyl ether, and ethyl acetate; used as an indicator of pH (yellow at ...
bromcresol purple
A substituted triphenylmethane dye (pKa 6.3), practically insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol and dilute alkalies; used as an indicator of pH (yellow at pH 5.2, purple ...
bromelain, bromelin
One of a group of peptide hydrolases, all thiol proteinases, obtained from pineapple stem; used in tenderizing meats and in producing hydrolysates of proteins; orally ...
Bromelius
C., Swedish botanist, 1639–1705. See bromelain.
bromhexine hydrochloride
An expectorant with mucolytic, antitussive, and bronchodilator properties.
bromhidrosis
SYN: bromidrosis.
bromic
Relating to bromine; denoting especially b. acid, HBrO3.
bromide
The anion Br−; salt of hydrogen b. (HBr); several salts formerly used as sedatives, hypnotics, and anticonvulsants.
bromidrosiphobia
Morbid fear of giving forth a bad odor from the body, sometimes with the belief that such an odor is present. [ bromidrosis + G. phobos, fear]
bromidrosis
Fetid or foul-smelling perspiration. Apocrine b. affects the axilleo after puberty, and eccrine b. is generalized, with excessive sweating. SYN: bromhidrosis. [G. bromos, a ...
brominated
SYN: bromated.

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