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Слова на букву basi-chem (2629)

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bromindione
An oral anticoagulant.
bromine
A nonmetallic, reddish, volatile, liquid element; atomic no. 35, atomic wt. 79.904; valences 1–7, inclusive; it unites with hydrogen to form hydrobromic acid, and this reacts ...
bromism, brominism
Chronic bromide intoxication, characterized by headache, drowsiness, confusion and occasionally violent delirium, muscular weakness, cardiac depression, an acneform ...
bromo-
See brom-.
bromobenzylcyanide
A lacrimator used in tear gases in training and in riot control.
bromocresol green
Tetrabromo-m-cresolsulfonphthalein; an indicator dye changing from yellow to blue at pH 4.7; used to track DNA in agarose electrophoresis, and in a dye-binding method for ...
bromocriptine
A semisynthetic ergot derivative that slows dopamine turnover, inhibits prolactin secretion and release of prolactin by thyrotropin-releasing hormone, and retards tumor ...
bromodeoxyuridine
A compound that competes with uridine for incorporation in RNA and fluoresces in ultraviolet light; used in BrDu-banding.
bromoderma
An acneform or granulomatous eruption due to hypersensitivity to bromide. [ bromide + G. derma, skin]
bromodiphenhydramine hydrochloride
An antihistamine that may cause drowsiness and xerostomia. SYN: bromazine hydrochloride.
bromohyperhidrosis, bromohyperidrosis
Excessive secretion of sweat having a fetid odor, usually eccrine and generalized or affecting the feet. [G. bromos, a stench, + hyper, over, + hidrosis, sweating]
bromophenol blue
SYN: bromphenol blue.
bromosulfophthalein
SYN: sulfobromophthalein sodium.
brompheniramine maleate
A potent antihistaminic agent.
bromphenol blue
A substituted triphenylmethane dye (MW 670, pK 4.0), used as an acid-base indicator (yellow at pH less than 3.1, blue at pH more than 4.7); also used for histochemical and ...
bromsulfophthalein
SYN: sulfobromophthalein sodium.
bromthymol blue
A substituted triphenylmethane dye (MW 624, pK 7.0), used primarily as a hydrogen ion indicator (yellow at pH 6.0, blue at pH 7.6); also a weak but toxic vital stain.
broncatar
Camphoric acid compound (neutralized) with 2-amino-2-thiazoline (1:2); an antitussive and respiratory stimulant.
bronch-
See broncho-.
Bronchi
The large air tubes leading from the trachea to the lungs that convey air to and from the lungs. The bronchi have cartilage as part of their supporting wall structure. The trachea ...
bronchi-
See broncho-.
bronchia
The smaller divisions of the bronchi. SEE ALSO: bronchus, bronchiole. SYN: bronchial tubes. [G. pl. of bronchion, dim. of bronchos, trachea]
bronchial
Relating to the bronchi.
bronchiectasia
SYN: bronchiectasis. - b. sicca SYN: dry bronchiectasis.
Bronchiectasis
Permanent dilatation (widening) of the bronchi (the large air tubes which begin at the bottom of the trachea and branch into the lungs). Bronchiectasis can result in very serious ...
bronchiectatic
Relating to bronchiectasis.
bronchiloquy
Rarely used term for bronchophony [ bronchi- + L. loquor, to speak]
bronchiogenic
SYN: bronchogenic.
bronchiole
One of approximately six generations of increasingly finer subdivisions of the bronchi, all less than 1 mm in diameter, and having no cartilage in its wall, but relatively ...
bronchiolectasia
SYN: bronchiolectasis.
bronchiolectasis
Bronchiectasis involving the bronchioles. SYN: bronchiolectasia. [ bronchiole + G. ektasis, a stretching]
bronchioli
Plural of bronchiolus.
Bronchiolitis
Inflammation of the bronchioles, part of the respiratory tree. The bronchioles are part of the airways that extend beyond the bronchi and terminate in the alveoli where oxygen ...
bronchiolo-
Bronchiole. [L. bronchiolus]
bronchiolopulmonary
Relating to the bronchioles and the lungs.
bronchiolus
SYN: bronchiole. [Mod. L. dim. of bronchus] - bronchioli respiratorii SYN: respiratory bronchioles, under bronchiole. - b. terminalis SYN: terminal bronchiole.
bronchiostenosis
SYN: bronchial stenosis.
bronchitic
Relating to bronchitis.
Bronchitis
: Inflammation and swelling of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. Chronic bronchitis usually is defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 ...
Bronchitis, chronic
Defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 months, two years in a row. In chronic bronchitis, there is inflammation and swelling of the lining of the ...
bronchium
SYN: bronchus. [Mod. L. fr. G. bronchion]
broncho-, bronch-, bronchi-
Bronchus, and, in ancient usage, the trachea. [G. bronchos, windpipe]
bronchoalveolar
SYN: bronchovesicular.
bronchocavernous
Relating to a bronchus or bronchial tube and a pulmonary pathologic cavity.
bronchocele
A circumscribed dilation of a bronchus. [broncho- + G. kele, hernia]
bronchoconstriction
Reduction in the caliber of a bronchus or bronchi, usually referring to a dynamic process as in asthma and emphysema, rather than a fixed constriction (the latter is a ...
bronchoconstrictor
1. Causing a reduction in caliber of a bronchus or bronchial tube. 2. An agent that possesses this action ( e.g., histamine, acetylcholine).
bronchodilatation
SYN: bronchodilation.
bronchodilation
1. Increase in caliber of the bronchi and bronchioles in response to pharmacologically active substances or autonomic nervous activity. 2. Rarely used term for bronchiectasis. ...
bronchodilator
1. Causing an increase in caliber of a bronchus or bronchial tube. 2. An agent that possesses this power ( e.g., epinephrine, albuterol).
bronchoedema
Swelling of the mucosa of the bronchi.
bronchoesophagology
The specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the tracheobronchial tree and esophagus by endoscopy and other means. [broncho- + G. oisophagos, ...
bronchoesophagoscopy
Examination of the tracheobronchial tree and esophagus through appropriate endoscopes.
bronchofiberscope
SYN: bronchoscope.
bronchogenic
Of bronchial origin; emanating from the bronchi. SYN: bronchiogenic.
bronchogram
A radiograph obtained by bronchography; radiographic visualization of a bronchus. [broncho- + G. gramma, a writing] - air b. radiographic appearance of an air-filled bronchus ...
bronchography
Radiographic examination of the tracheobronchial tree following introduction of a radiopaque material, usually an iodinated compound in a viscous suspension; rarely performed ...
broncholith
A hard concretion in a bronchus, usually resulting from the erosion of a tuberculous or other granulomatous lymph node through the bronchial wall into the lumen. SYN: ...
broncholithiasis
Bronchial inflammation or obstruction caused by broncholiths.
bronchomalacia
Degeneration of elastic and connective tissue of bronchi and trachea. [broncho- + G. malakia, a softening]
bronchomotor
1. Relating to a change in caliber, dilation, or contraction of a bronchus or bronchiole. 2. An agent possessing this action. [broncho- + L. motor, mover]
bronchomycosis
Any fungus disease of the bronchial tubes or bronchi. [broncho- + G. mykes, fungus]
bronchophony
Increased intensity and clarity of voice sounds heard over a bronchus surrounded by consolidated lung tissue. SEE ALSO: tracheophony. SYN: bronchial voice. [broncho- + G. phone, ...
bronchoplasty
Surgical alteration of the configuration of a bronchus. [broncho- + G. plastos, formed]
bronchopneumonia
Acute inflammation of the walls of the smaller bronchial tubes, with varying amounts of pulmonary consolidation due to spread of the inflammation into peribronchiolar alveoli ...
Bronchopulmonary
Pertaining to both the air passages (bronchi) leading to the lungs and the lungs (pulmonary) themselves. * * * Relating to the bronchi and the lungs.
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Chronic lung disease in infants who have received mechanical respiratory support with high oxygenation in the neonatal period.
Bronchopulmonary segments
A subdivision of one lobe of a lung based on the connection to the segmental bronchus. For example, the right upper lobe has apical, anterior, and posterior segments.
bronchorrhaphy
Suture of a wound of the bronchus. [broncho- + G. rhaphe, a seam]
bronchorrhea
Excessive secretions from the bronchial mucosa, resulting in copious production of thin sputum and most often due to diffuse bronchoalveolar carcinoma or pulmonary alveolar ...
Bronchoscope
: A thin, flexible instrument used to view the air passages of the lung. * * * An endoscope for inspecting the interior of the tracheobronchial tree, either for diagnostic ...
Bronchoscopy
: A procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing * * * Inspection of the interior of the tracheobronchial tree through a bronchoscope.
bronchospasm
Contraction of smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles, causing narrowing of the lumen. Cf.:bronchoconstriction.
bronchospasmolytic
Relieving a bronchospasm.
bronchospirochetosis
SYN: hemorrhagic bronchitis.
bronchospirography
Use of a single-lumen endobronchial tube for measurement of ventilatory function of one lung. [broncho- + L. spiro, to breathe, + G. grapho, to write]
bronchospirometer
A rare device for measurement of rates and volumes of air flow into each lung separately, using a double-lumen endobronchial tube. [broncho- + L. spiro, to breathe, + G. metron, ...
bronchospirometry
Use of a bronchospirometer to measure ventilatory function of each lung separately.
bronchostaxis
SYN: hemoptysis. [broncho- + G. staxis, a dripping]
bronchostenosis
Chronic narrowing of a bronchus.
bronchostomy
Surgical formation of a new opening into a bronchus. [broncho- + G. stoma, mouth]
bronchotomy
Incision of a bronchus.
bronchotracheal
Relating to the trachea and bronchi.
bronchovesicular
Relating to the bronchi and alveoli in the lungs, especially as regards lung sound heard by auscultation. SYN: bronchoalveolar.
Bronchus
One of the large air tubes leading from the trachea to the lungs that convey air to and from the lungs. The bronchi (the plural) have cartilage as part of their supporting wall ...
Brontophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of thunder that causes undue anxiety even though sufferers realize that thunder itself poses no threat to them. When outdoors during a ...
brood
1. SYN: litter (2). 2. To ponder anxiously; to meditate morbidly.
Brooke
Henry A.G., English dermatologist, 1854–1919. See B. tumor. Bryan N., British surgeon, *1915. See B. ileostomy.
brotizolam
A triazolo-benzodiazepine derivative with a sulfur and bromine atom in the molecule. Used as a sedative and hypnotic.
Broviac
J.W., 20th century U.S. surgeon. See B. catheter.
Broviac catheter
A thin long tube made of flexible silicone rubber that is surgically inserted into the vena cava, one of the main blood vessels leading to the heart. The catheter can be used ...
brow
1. The eyebrow. See eyebrow. 2. SYN: forehead. [A.S. bru]
Brown
Harold W., U.S. ophthalmologist, *1898. See B. syndrome. James, U.S. plastic surgeon, 1899–1971. See B.- Adson forceps. James H., U.S. microbiologist, *1884. See B.- Brenn ...
Brown fat
Brown adipose tissue, a rapid source of energy for infants in whom it forms about 5% of body weight. It is brown because the cells in it are packed with small cellular organs ...
Brown syndrome
An ophthalmology (eye) problem. Brown syndrome is an abnormality that is present at birth (congenitally) and is characterized by an inability to elevate the eyeball when trying ...
Brown-Séquard
Charles E., French physiologist and neurologist, 1817–1894. See Brown-Séquard paralysis, Brown-Séquard syndrome.
Browne
Sir Denis John, British surgeon, *1892. See Denis B. pouch, Denis B. splint.
brownian
Relating to or described by Robert Brown.
Browning
William, U.S. anatomist and neurologist, 1855–1941. See B. vein.
Bruce
Sir David, British surgeon, 1855–1931. See Brucella, brucellosis. Robert A., U.S. cardiologist. See B. protocol.
Brucella
A genus of encapsulated, nonmotile bacteria (family Brucellaceae) containing short, rod-shaped to coccoid, Gram-negative cells. These organisms do not produce gas from ...
Brucellaceae
A family of bacteria (order Eubacteriales) containing small, coccoid to rod-shaped, Gram-negative cells which occur singly, in pairs, in short chains, or in groups. The cells ...
brucellergin
See brucellin.
brucellin
A preparation of antigenic material from several species of Brucella; used in the diagnosis of brucellosis as a skin test similar to that used for tuberculosis.
Brucellosis
An infectious disease due to the bacteria Brucella that causes rising and falling (undulant) fevers, sweats, malaise, weakness, anorexia, headache, myalgia (muscle pain) and ...
Bruch
Carl W.L., German anatomist, 1819–1884. See B. glands, under gland, B. membrane.
brucine
An alkaloid from Strychnos nux-vomica and S. ignatii (family Loganiaceae), that produces paralysis of sensory nerves and peripheral motor nerves; the convulsive action which is ...
Bruck
Alfred, German physician, *1865. See B. disease.
Brücke
Ernst W. von, Austrian physiologist, 1819–1892. See B. muscle, B. tunic, B.- Bartley phenomenon.
Brudzinski
Josef von, Polish physician, 1874–1917. See B. sign.
Brugia
A genus of filarial worms transmitted by mosquitoes to humans, primates, felid carnivores, and a number of other mammals. - B. malayi the Malayan filaria species, an important ...
Bruise
A bruise or "contusion" is an traumatic injury of the soft tissues which results in breakage of the local capillaries and leakage of red blood cells. In the skin it can ...
bruissement
A purring auscultatory sound. [Fr.]
bruit
A harsh or musical intermittent auscultatory sound, especially an abnormal one. [Fr.] - aneurysmal b. blowing murmur heard over an aneurysm. - carotid b. a systolic murmur ...
Brunn
Fritz, 20th century Czechoslovakian physician. See B. reaction. Albert von, German anatomist, 1849–1895. See B. membrane, B. nest.
Brunner
Johann C., Swiss anatomist, 1653–1727. See B. glands, under gland.
Bruns
Ludwig von, German neurologist, 1858–1916. See B. ataxia, B. nystagmus.
Brunschwig
Alexander, U.S. surgeon, 1901–1969. See B. operation.
brush
An instrument made of some flexible material, such as bristles, attached to a handle or to the tip of a catheter. [A.S. byrst, bristle] - Ayre b. a device, consisting of a long ...
Brushfield
Thomas, British physician, 1858–1937. See B. spots, under spot, B.-Wyatt disease.
Brushfield’s spots
Speckled iris. Little white spots that slightly elevated on the surface of the iris arranged in a ring concentric with the pupil. These spots occur in normal children but are far ...
brushite
A naturally occurring acid calcium phosphate occasionally found in dental calculus and renal calculi.
Bruton
Ogden C., American pediatrician, *1908. See B. agammaglobulinemia.
Bruxism
Grinding and gnashing the teeth. Bruxism is due to clenching of the teeth other than in chewing and is associated with forceful lateral or protrusive jaw movements. This results ...
Bryant
Sir Thomas, English surgeon, 1828–1914. See B. traction.
Brøonsted
Johannes N., Danish physical chemist, 1879–1947. See B. acid, B. base, B. theory.
BSA
Abbreviation for bovine serum albumin.
BSE
Abbreviation for bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
BSER
Abbreviation for brainstem evoked response. See auditory brainstem response.
Bt2cAMP
N6,O2′-dibutyryladenosine 3′:5′-cyclic monophosphate, a dibutyryl derivative of cAMP.
BTPS
Symbol indicating that a gas volume has been expressed as if it were saturated with water vapor at body temperature (37°C) and at the ambient barometric pressure; used for ...
BTU
Abbreviation for British thermal unit.
BTX
Abbreviation for brevetoxins.
buaki
A nutritional (protein deficiency) disease observed in natives of the Congo and characterized by edema, skin lesions, and anemia; possibly related to kwashiorkor.
buba madre
SYN: mother yaw.
bubas
SYN: mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. - b. braziliana SYN: espundia.
bubo
Inflammatory swelling of one or more lymph node s, usually in the groin; the confluent mass of nodes usually suppurates and drains pus. [G. boubon, the groin, a swelling in the ...
bubonalgia
Rarely used term for pain in the groin. [G. boubon, groin, + algos, pain]
bubonic
Relating in any way to a bubo.
Bubonic plague
The most common form of the plague, named for the characteristic buboes — buboes are enlarged lymph nodes ("swollen glands") — in the groin which are usually very tender and ...
bubonulus
1. An abscess occurring along the course of a lymphatic vessel. 2. One of a number of hard nodules, often breaking down into ulcers, which form along the course of acutely ...
bucardia
SYN: ox heart. [G. bous, ox, + kardia, heart]
bucca
SYN: cheek. [L.]
buccal
Pertaining to, adjacent to, or in the direction of the cheek.
buccinator
See b. (muscle).
bucco-
Cheek. [L. bucca]
buccoaxial
Referring to the line angle formed by the buccal and axial walls of a cavity.
buccoaxiocervical
Referring to the point angle formed by the junction of the buccal, axial, and cervical (gingival) walls of a cavity.
buccoaxiogingival
Referring to the point angle formed by the junction of a buccal, axial, and gingival (cervical) wall.
buccocervical
1. Relating to the cheek and the neck. 2. In dental anatomy, referring to that portion of the buccal surface of a bicuspid or molar tooth adjacent to its cemento-enamel ...
buccoclusal
Incorrect term referring to the line angle formed by the junction of a buccal and pulpal wall. See buccopulpal.
buccodistal
Referring to the line angle formed by the junction of a buccal and distal wall of a cavity.
buccogingival
Relating to the cheek and the gum.
buccolabial
1. Relating to both cheek and lip. 2. In dentistry, referring to that aspect of the dental arch or those surfaces of the teeth in contact with the mucosa of lip and cheek.
buccolingual
1. Pertaining to the cheek and the tongue. 2. In dentistry, referring to that aspect of the dental arch or those surfaces of the teeth in contact with the mucosa of the lip or ...
buccomesial
Referring to the line angle formed by the junction of a buccal and mesial wall of a cavity.
buccopharyngeal
Relating to both cheek or mouth and pharynx.
buccopulpal
Referring to the line angle formed by the junction of a buccal and pulpal wall of a cavity.
buccoversion
Malposition of a posterior tooth from the normal line of occlusion toward the cheek.
buccula
A fatty puffing under the chin. SYN: double chin. [L. dim. of bucca, cheek]
Büchner
Eduard, German chemist and Nobel laureate, 1860–1917. See B. extract, B. funnel. Hans E.A., German bacteriologist, 1850–1902. See B. extract.
buchu
The dried leaves of Barosma betulina, B. crenulata, or B. serratifolia (family Rutaceae), a shrub growing in South Africa; used as a carminative, diuretic, and urinary ...
Buchwald
Hermann Edmund, German physician, *1903. See B. atrophy.
Buck
Gordon, U.S. surgeon, 1807–1877. See B. extension, B. fascia, B. traction.
buckbean
The leaves of Menyanthes trifoliata (family Gentianaceae); credited with emmenagogue, antiscorbutic, and simple bitter properties. SYN: bogbean, menyanthes.
Bücklers
Max, German ophthalmologist, 1895–1969. See Reis-B. corneal dystrophy.
buckthorn
SYN: Rhamnus.
Bucky
Gustav, U.S. radiologist, 1880–1963. See B. diaphragm.
buclizine hydrochloride
A mild sedative used for motion sickness, vertigo, and anxiety accompanying psychosomatic disorders.
buclosamide
A topical antifungal agent.
bucrylate
A tissue adhesive used in surgery.
Bucy
Paul C., U.S. neurosurgeon, 1904–1992. See Klüver-B. syndrome.
bud
1. An outgrowth that resembles the b. of a plant, usually pluripotential, and capable of differentiating and growing into a definitive structure. 2. To give rise to such an ...
Budd
George, English physician, 1808–1882. See B. syndrome, B.- Chiari syndrome.
Budde
E., Danish sanitary engineer, *1871. See B. process.
budding
SYN: gemmation.
Budge
Julius L., German physiologist, 1811–1888. See B. center.
Budin
Pierre C., French gynecologist, 1846–1907. See B. obstetrical joint.
Buerger
Leo, Austrian-U.S. physician, 1879–1943. See Winiwarter-B. disease, B. disease.
bufa-, bufo-
Combining forms denoting origin from toads; used in the systematic and trivial name s of toxic substances (genins) isolated from plants and animals containing the bufanolide ...
bufadienolide
See bufanolide.
bufagenins
SYN: bufagins.
bufagins
A group of steroids (bufanolides) in the venom of a family of toads ( Bufonidae) having a digitalislike action upon the heart; cardiac glycosides having a six-membered lactone. ...
bufanolide
The fundamental steroid lactone of several vegetable ( e.g., squill) and animal ( e.g., toad) venoms or toxins; also found in the form of glycosides in plants ( e.g., ...
bufatrienolide
See bufanolide.
bufenolide
See bufanolide.
buffer
1. A mixture of an acid and its conjugate base (salt), such as H2CO3/HCO3−; H2PO4−/HPO42−, that, when present in a solution, reduces any changes in pH that would otherwise ...
bufo-
See bufa-.
bufogenins
SYN: bufagins.
Bufonidae
A family of toads whose dermal glands secrete several kinds of pharmacologically active substances having a cardiac action similar to that of digitalis. [L. bufo, toad]
buformin
An oral hypoglycemic agent similar to metformin.
bufotenine
A psychotomimetic agent isolated from the venom of certain toads (family Bufonidae) and also present in several plants and one of the active principles of cohoba; raises the ...
bufotoxins
1. A group of steroid lactones (conjugates of bufagins and suberylarginine at C-3) of digitalis present in the venoms of toads (family Bufonidae); their effects are similar to ...
bug
An insect belonging to the suborder Heteroptera. For organisms so called, see the specific term. - assassin b. an insect of the family Reduviidae (order Hemiptera) that ...
Bug, kissing
The insect that carries and transmits the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the cause of Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis). The bug got its name because it appears to " ...
Bug, reduviid
The insect that carries and transmits the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi that is the cause of Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis). The bug is also called the kissing bug ...
buggery
SYN: sodomy. [O.F. bougre, heretic, fr. Med. L. Bulgaris, a Bulgar (hence a heretic)]
bulb
1. Any globular or fusiform structure. SYN: bulbus [TA]. 2. A short, vertical underground stem of plants, such as onion and garlic. [L. bulbus, a bulbous root] - aortic b. ...
Bulbar
Pertaining to a bulb, in medicine any rounded mass of tissue (that is shaped somewhat like a crocus or tulip bulb). For example, the bulbar conjunctiva is that part of the ...
Bulbar conjunctiva
That part of the conjunctiva, a clear membrane of the eye, which covers the outer surface of the eye. The other part of the conjunctiva is the palpebral conjunctiva, which lines ...
bulbi
Plural of bulbus.
bulbitis
Inflammation of the bulbous portion of the urethra.
bulbo-
Bulb; bulbus [L. bulbus]
bulbocapnine
Drug derived from roots of Corydalis cava and C. tuberosa (family Fumariaceae) and Dicentra canadensis (family Papaveraceae); blocks the effects of dopamine on peripheral ...
bulbocavernosus
See musculus b..
bulboid
Bulb-shaped. [ bulbo- + G. eidos, resemblance]
bulbonuclear
Relating to the nuclei in the medulla oblongata.
bulbopontine
Relating to the rostral part of the rhombencephalon composed of the pons and overlying tegmentum.
bulbosacral
See b. system.
bulbospinal
Relating to the medulla oblongata and spinal cord, particularly to nerve fibers interconnecting the two. SYN: spinobulbar.
bulbourethral
Relating to the bulbus penis and the urethra. SYN: urethrobulbar.
bulbus
SYN: bulb (1). [L. a plant bulb] - b. aortae SYN: aortic bulb. - b. cordis a transitory dilation in the embryonic heart where the arterial trunk joins the ventral roots of the ...
bulesis
The will; a willing. [G. boulesis, a willing]
Bulimia
: An insatiable appetite, often interrupted by periods of anorexia. Bulimia is a psychological disorder that can be accompanied by self-induced * * * SYN: b. nervosa. [G. bous, ...
bulimic
Relating to, or suffering from, bulimia nervosa.
Bulinus
A genus and subgenus of freshwater snails in the family Planorbidae ( subfamily Bulininae), which includes many species that are intermediate hosts of the human blood fluke, ...
bulkage
Anything, such as agar, that increases the bulk of material in the intestine, thereby stimulating peristalsis.
bull.
Abbreviation for L. bulliens, bulliat, or bulliant, boiling, let boil.
Bulla
A fluid-filled blister more than 5 mm (about 3/16 inch) in diameter with thin walls. A bulla on the skin is a blister. A bulla on the pleura (the membrane covering the lung) is ...
Bullae
More than one bulla, a bulla being a blister more than 5 mm (about 3/16 inch) in diameter with thin walls that is full of fluid. Blisters on the skin are called bullae. Bullae ...
bullectomy
Resection of a bulla; helpful in treating some forms of bullous emphysema, in which giant bullae compress functioning lung tissue.
Bullous
: Characterized by blistering, such as in a second-degree burn. Bullous is the adjective for bulla. A bulla is a blister more than 5 mm (about 3/16 inch) in diameter with thin ...
Bullous pemphigoid
A disease characterized by tense blistering eruptions of the skin. caused by antibodies abnormally accumulating in a layer of the skin called the "basement membrane." ...
bumetanide
A diuretic used in the treatment of edema associated with congestive heart failure, hepatic cirrhosis, and renal disease, resembles furosemide.
Bumke
Oswald C.E., German neurologist, 1877–1950. See B. pupil.
Bumps
The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured blood vessels into the tissues as well as from the body’s response to the injury. A ...
BUN
: Blood urea nitrogen. A measure primarily of the urea level in blood. Urea is cleared by the kidney and diseases which compromises the function of the kidney will frequently lead ...
bunamidine hydrochloride
An anthelmintic.
bundle
A structure composed of a group of fibers, muscular or nervous; a fasciculus. SYN: fasciculus (3) [TA]. - aberrant bundles a group, or groups, of fibers from the corticobulbar ...
bungarotoxins
Constituent proteins of the venom of the South Asian banded krait Bungarus multicinctus, a snake of the Elapidae family. Used as pharmacologic tools in studying neuromuscular ...
bungpagga
SYN: tropical pyomyositis.
Bunion
A bunion is a localized painful swelling at the base of the big toe (the great toe). The joint is enlarged (due to new bone formation) and the toe is often misaligned. It is ...
bunionectomy
Excision of a bunion. - Keller b. excision of the proximal portion of the proximal phalanx of the first toe. - Mayo b. excision of the head of the first metatarsal.
Bunnell
Sterling, U.S. surgeon, 1882–1957. See B. suture, Paul-B. test.
bunodont
Having molar teeth with rounded or low conical cusps, in contrast to lophodont. [G. bounos, mound, + odous (odont-), tooth]
bunolol hydrochloride
A β-adrenergic blocking agent for treatment of cardiac arrhythmias.
bunolophodont
Having molar teeth with transverse ridges and rounded cusps on the occlusal surface. [G. bunos, mound, + lophos, ridge, + odous, tooth]
bunoselenodont
Having molar teeth with crescentic ridges and rounded cusps on the occlusal surface. [bunos, + selene, moon, + odous, tooth]
Bunostomum
A genus of hookworms (family Ancylostomatidae, subfamily Necatorinae) found in cattle and other herbivores; similar to Necator. [G. bounos, hill, mound, + stoma, mouth] - B. ...
Bunsen
Robert W., German chemist and physicist, 1811–1899. See B. burner, B. solubility coefficient, B.- Roscoe law.
Bunsen burner
A gas lamp supplied with lateral openings admitting sufficient air so that the carbon is completely burned, thus giving a very hot but only slightly luminous flame. [RW Bunsen, ...
Bunyaviridae
A family of arboviruses composed of more than 200 virus serotypes and containing at least five genera : Bunyavirus, Hantavirus, Phlebovirus, Nairovirus, and Tospovirus. Virions ...
Bunyavirus
A virus in the genus of the family Bunyaviridae that includes at least 160 types, i.e., California encephalitis virus and LaCrosse encephalitis virus.
buphthalmia, buphthalmus, buphthalmos
An affection of infancy, marked by an increase of intraocular pressure with enlargement of the eyeball. SYN: congenital glaucoma, hydrophthalmia, hydrophthalmos, hydrophthalmus. ...
bupivacaine
A potent, long-acting local anesthetic used in regional anesthesia, joint and trigger point injections.
buprenorphine hydrochloride
A semisynthetic opioid analgesic used for relief of moderate to severe pain.
bupropion hydrochloride
An antidepressant. Presently widely used as an aid to smoking cessation.
bur
1. A rotary cutting instrument. 2. In ophthalmology, a device used to remove rust rings embedded in the cornea. SYN: burr. - cross-cut b. a b. with blades located at right ...
Burchard
H., 19th century German chemist. See B.- Liebermann reaction, Liebermann-B. test.
Burdach
Karl F., German anatomist and physiologist, 1776–1847. See B. column, B. fasciculus, B. nucleus, B. tract.
burden
See body b.. - clinical b. a b. that differs from genetic b. mainly in the added component of morbidity; a trait that is neither a clinical or a genetic lethal may be grossly ...
buret, burette
A graduated glass tube with a tap as its lower end; used for measuring liquids in volumetric chemical analyses. [Fr.]
Bürger
Max T.F., German physician, *1885. See B.-Grütz syndrome, B.-Grütz disease.
Burger triangle
See under triangle.
Burk
Dean, U.S. scientist, *1904. See Lineweaver-B. equation, Lineweaver-B. plot.
Burkholderia
A genus of motile, non–spore-forming Gram-negative rods, containing significant species of human pathogens formerly classified as members of the genus Pseudomonas. - B. cepacia ...
Burkitt
Denis P., British physician in Uganda, 1911–1993. See B. lymphoma.
Burkitt lymphoma
: A type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that most often occurs in young people between the ages of 12 and 30, accounting for 40% to 50% of childhood NHL. The disease usually ...
Burlew disk
See under disk.
Burlew wheel
See under wheel.
Burn
Joshua Harold, 1892–1981. See B. and Rand theory.
burn
1. To cause a lesion by heat or a similar lesion by some other agent. 2. A sensation of pain caused by excessive heat, or similar pain from any cause. 3. A lesion caused by heat ...
burners
Episodes of upper extremity burning pain. SEE ALSO: burner syndrome. SYN: stingers.
Burnett
Charles H., U.S. physician, 1901–1967. See B. syndrome.
burnisher
An instrument for smoothing and polishing the surface or edge of a dental restoration. [O.F. burnir, to polish]

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