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Слова на букву basi-chem (2629)

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burnout
1. In dentistry, the elimination, by heat, of an invested pattern from a set investment in order to prepare the mold to receive casting metal. 2. A psychological state of ...
Burns
The treatment of burns depends on the depth, area and location of the burn. Burn depth is generally categorized as first, second or third degree. A first degree burn is ...
Burns, first degree
A first degree burn is superficial and has similar characteristics to a typical sun burn. The skin is red in color and
Burns, second degree
Second degree burns look similar to the first degree burns in that it is red and sensation is intact; however, the damage is severe enough to cause blistering of the skin and ...
Burow
Karl A. von, German surgeon, 1809–1874. See B. solution, B. triangle, B. vein.
burr
SYN: bur.
burrow
1. A subcutaneous tunnel or tract made by a parasite, such as the scabies mite. 2. A sinus or fistula. 3. To undermine or create a tunnel or tract through or beneath various ...
Bursa
A bursa is a closed fluid-filled sac that functions to provide a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. When the bursa becomes inflamed, the condition is ...
bursal
Relating to a bursa.
bursectomy
Surgical removal of a bursa. [bursa + G. ektome, excision]
Bursitis
Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a tiny fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. The major bursae are ...
Bursitis, aseptic
A bursa is a closed fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. When the bursa becomes inflamed, the condition is known ...
Bursitis, calcific
A bursa is a thin fluid-filled sac that reduces friction forces between tissues of the body. Chronic (repeated of long-standing) inflammation of the bursa (bursitis) can lead to ...
Bursitis, elbow
Inflammation of the olecranon bursa, the bursa at the tip of the elbow is called the olecranon bursitis. A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to ...
Bursitis, knee
Inflammation of a bursa of the knee joint. A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between moving tissues of the body. There are ...
Bursitis, septic
A bursa is a closed fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. When the bursa becomes inflamed, the condition is known ...
Bursitis, shoulder
Inflammation of a bursa of a shoulder joint. A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between moving tissues of the body. There are ...
bursolith
A calculus formed in a bursa. [bursa + G. lithos, stone]
Bursopathy
Disease involving a bursa, a closed fluid-filled sac that supplies a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. Bursopathy includes, for instance, ...
bursotomy
Incision through the wall of a bursa. [bursa + G. tome, a cutting]
burst
A sudden increase in activity. - respiratory b. the marked increase in metabolic activity that occurs in phagocytes and certain other cells following binding of particles ...
bursula
A small pouch or bag. [Mod. L. dim. of Mediev. L. bursa, purse] - b. testium archaic term for scrotum.
Burton
Henry, English physician, 1799–1849. See B. line.
Buruli ulcer
A disorder caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium ulcerans that starts as a painless swelling in the skin, most commonly in the limbs (the arms and legs) and causes severely ...
Busacca
Archimede, Italian physician, *1893. See B. nodules, under nodule.
Buschke
Abraham, German dermatologist, 1868–1943. See B. disease, B.- Ollendorf syndrome.
buspirone hydrochloride
A non-benzodiazepine antianxiety agent used in the management of anxiety disorders or for short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety.
Busquet
G. Paul, French physician, 1865–1930. See B. disease.
Busse
Otto, German physician, 1867–1922.
busulfan, busulphan
An antineoplastic alkylating agent used in the treatment of chronic myelocytic leukemia; known to be teratogenic in humans.
butabarbital
An obsolescent sedative and hypnotic with intermediate duration of action; available as b. sodium, with same usages.
butacaine sulfate
A local anesthetic.
butamben
SYN: butyl aminobenzoate.
butane
C4H10; a gaseous hydrocarbon present in natural gas; two isomers are known, both of which are anesthetically active: n-b. is CH3(CH2)2CH3 and isobutane is CH3CH(CH3)CH3 (or ...
butanoic acid
Systematic name for normal n-butyric acid.
butanol
Preferred chemical name for n-butyl alcohol.
butanoyl
The radical of butanoic acid. SYN: butyryl.
butaperazine
An antipsychotic.
butaverine
An antispasmodic (as hydrochloride).
butethamate
An intestinal antispasmodic agent.
butethamine hydrochloride
A local anesthetic.
buthiazide
Has diuretic and antihypertensive actions. SYN: thiabutazide.
buthionine sulfoximine
A compound that decreases intracellular glutathione by inhibition of its synthesis.
butoconazole nitrate
An antifungal agent used primarily in the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis; similar to ketoconazole and itraconazole.
butopyronoxyl
An insect repellent, effective against the biting stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans)
butorphanol tartrate
A potent mixed agonist/antagonist narcotic analgesic agent, used by injection and in the form of a nasal spray.
butoxamine hydrochloride
An antilipemic agent.
butriptyline hydrochloride
An antidepressant.
butt
1. To bring any two square-ended surfaces in contact so as to form a joint. 2. In dentistry, to place a restoration directly against the tissues covering the alveolar ridge.
butter
1. A coherent mass of milk fat, obtained by churning or shaking cream until the separate fat globules run together, leaving a liquid residue, buttermilk. 2. A soft solid having ...
butter yellow
A fat-soluble yellow dye (MW 225) that has hepatic carcinogenic action in experimental animals; used as an indicator of pH (red, at pH 2.9, yellow at pH 4.0). SYN: ...
butterfly
1. Any structure or apparatus shaped like a b. with outstretched wings. 2. A scaling erythematous lesion on each cheek, joined by a narrow band across the nose; seen in lupus ...
buttermilk
The fluid containing casein and lactic acid, left after the process of making butter.
buttocks
The prominence formed by the gluteal muscles on either side. SYN: nates [TA], clunes, breech.
button
A structure, lesion, or device of knob shape. [M.E., fr. O.Fr. bouton, fr. bouter, to thrust, fr. Germanic] - Biskra b. SYN: Oriental b.. - Murphy b. a device used for ...
buttonhole
1. A short straight cut made through the wall of a cavity or canal. 2. The contraction of an orifice down to a narrow slit; i.e., the so-called mitral b. in extreme mitral ...
butyl
CH3(CH2)3—; a radical of n-butane. - b. alcohol several isomeric forms are known: primary b. alcohol, 1-butanol, propylcarbinol, the b. alcohol of fermentation; isobutyl ...
butylated hydroxyanisole
Exhibits antioxidant properties; often used with butylated hydroxytoluene propyl gallate, hydroquinone, methionine, lecithin, thiodipropionic acid, etc. Used as an ...
butylated hydroxytoluene
Antioxidant for food, animal feed, petroleum products, synthetic rubbers, plastics, animal and vegetable oils, soap; also an antiskinning agent in paints and inks.
butylparaben
An antifungal preservative.
butyraceous
Buttery in consistency.
butyrate
A salt or ester of butyric acid.
butyrate-CoA ligase
Fatty acid thiokinase (medium chain), a ligase forming acyl-CoA's from medium-chain fatty acid s and CoA with the conversion of ATP to AMP and pyrophosphate. A key step in ...
butyric
Relating to butter.
butyric acid
An acid of unpleasant odor occurring in butter, cod liver oil, sweat, and many other substances. It exists in two forms: normal b. (also written as n-b.), butanoic acid, which ...
butyrocholinesterase
Pseudocholinesterase or plasma cholinesterase. To be distinguished from true or tissue cholinesterase. SEE ALSO: cholinesterase. SYN: butyrylcholine esterase, ...
butyroid
1. Buttery. 2. Resembling butter.
butyrometer
An instrument for determining the amount of butterfat in milk. [G. boutyron, butter, + metron, measure]
butyrophenone
One of a group of derivatives of 4-phenylbutylamine that have neuroleptic activity; e.g., haloperidol.
butyrous
Denoting a tissue or bacterial growth of butterlike consistency.
butyryl
SYN: butanoyl.
butyryl-CoA
Condensation product of coenzyme A and n-butanoic acid; an intermediate in fatty acid degradation and in biosynthesis. - butyryl-CoA synthetase SYN: butyrate-CoA ligase.
butyrylcholine esterase
SYN: butyrocholinesterase.
Buzzard
Thomas, English physician, 1831–1919. See B. maneuver.
Buzzi
Fausto, coworker of Ernst Schweninger. See Schweninger-B. anetoderma.
Bx
Abbreviation for biopsy, the removal of a sample of tissue for examination or other study. Biopsies are most frequently studied by use of a microscope to check for possible ...
Byars
Louis T., 20th century U.S. surgeon, (1906-) See B. flap.
Byler
Amish kindred in the U.S. See B. disease.
Bypass
An operation in which a surgeon creates a new tubular pathway for the movement of fluids and/or other substances in the body. * * * 1. A shunt or auxiliary flow. 2. To create ...
Bypass (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft)
Coronary artery disease develops because of hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) that supply blood to the heart muscle. Diagnostic tests include EKG, stress test, ...
Bypass, cardiopulmonary
Bypass of the heart and lungs as, for example, in open heart surgery. Blood returning to the heart is diverted through a heart-lung machine (a pump-oxygenator) before returning it ...
byssinosis
Obstructive airway disease in people who work with unprocessed cotton, flax, or hemp; caused by reaction to material in the dust and thought to include endotoxin from bacterial ...
byte
A group of adjacent bits, commonly 4, 6, or 8, operating as a unit for the storage and manipulation of data in a computer.
C
1. Abbreviation or symbol for large calorie; carbon; cathodal; cathode; Celsius; cervical vertebra (C1–C7); closure (of an electrical circuit); congius (gallon); ...
c
1. Abbreviation or symbol for centi-; small calorie; centum; concentration; speed of light in a vacuum; circumference. Abbreviation for curie. 2. As a subscript, refers to ...
C (cytosine)
C stands for cytosine, a DNA nucleotide that which is one member of the base pair in DNA consisting of guanine and cytosine. This base pair is conventionally abbreviated G-C ...
C-banding
See C- banding stain.
c-mp1
A cell-surface receptor on megakaryocytes, platelets, and CD34-positive hematopoietic precursor cells; appears to be the receptor for regulation of megakaryocytopoiesis and ...
C-peptide
The 30-amino-acid chain that connects the A and B chains of insulin in proinsulin; removed in the conversion of proinsulin to insulin. SYN: C chain.
C-reactive protein (CRP)
A plasma protein that rises in the blood with the inflammation from certain conditions. C-reactive protein is one of the plasma proteins known as acute- phase proteins: proteins ...
C-section
Short for Caesarian section, a procedure in which a baby, rather than being born vaginally, is surgically extracted (removed) from the uterus. As the name "Caesarian" suggests, ...
C.C.
Abbreviation for chief complaint, as recorded on a patient's medical history.
C.M.
Abbreviation for Chirurgiae Magister, Master in Surgery.
C.N.M.
Abbreviation for certified nurse- midwife.
c.p.
Abbreviation for chemically pure.
C.R.N.A.
Abbreviation for certified registered nurse anesthetist.
C1 (cervical vertebra)
C1 is the first cervical (neck) vertebra which is called the atlas. It supports the head. The atlas bone is named for the Greek god Atlas who was condemned to support the earth ...
C1-C7 (cervical vertebrae)
C1 through C7 are the symbols for the cervical (neck) vertebrae, the upper 7 vertebrae in the spinal column (the vertebral column). C1 is called the atlas. It supports the head ...
C2 (cervical vertebra)
C2 is the symbol for the second cervical vertebra, which is also called the axis. It is so-named because the uppermost cervical vertebra (called the atlas) rotates about the ...
C3 (cervical vertebra)
The third cervical (neck) vertebra from the top.
C4 (cervical vertebra)
The fourth cervical (neck) vertebra from the top.
C5 (cervical vertebra)
The fifth cervical (neck) vertebra from the top.
C6 (cervical vertebra)
The sixth cervical (neck) vertebra from the top. The next-to-last of the seven cervical vertebrae.
C7 (cervical vertebra)
C7 is the symbol for the 7th cervical (neck) vertebral bone (C7) which is sometimes called the prominent vertebra due to the length of its spinous process (the projection off ...
CA
Abbreviation for cancer; q; cardiac arrest; chronologic age; cytosine arabinoside.
Ca
1. Abbreviation for cathode. 2. Symbol for calcium.
cardamom
Grains of paradise. Dried ripe seeds of Elettaria cardamomum; used for flavoring baked goods, confectionery, curry powder, and in the manufacture of oil of c. which is used for ...
Carden
Henry D., British surgeon, †1872. See C. amputation.
cardenolide
A class of cardiac glycosides containing a five-membered lactone ring ( E.G., the Digitalis glycosides).
cardi-
See cardio-.
cardia
The area of the stomach close to the esophageal opening (cardiac orifice or c.) that contains the cardiac glands. SYN: pars cardiaca gastricae [TA], cardiac part of stomach, ...
cardiac
1. Pertaining to the heart. 2. Pertaining to the esophageal opening of the stomach. 3. (Obsolete). A remedy for heart disease. [L. cardiacus]
Cardiac aneurysm
An outpouching of an abnormally thin portion of the heart wall. Cardiac aneurysms tend to involve the left ventricle because the blood there is under greatest pressure.
Cardiac arrest
A medical emergency with absent or inadequate contraction of the left ventricle of the heart that immediately causes bodywide circulatory failure. The signs and symptoms include ...
cardiac ballet
Short runs of cardiac dysrhythmia consisting of uniform sequences of repetitive multiform extrasystoles; so called from its undulating appearance, originally described by ...
Cardiac conduction system
The electrical conduction system that controls the heart rate. This system generates electrical impulses and conducts them throughout the muscle of the heart, stimulating the ...
Cardiac defibrillator, implantable
A device put within the body that is designed to recognize certain types of abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) and correct them. Defibrillators continuously monitor the heart ...
Cardiac muscle
A type of muscle with unique features only found in the heart. The cardiac muscle is the muscle of the heart and medically is called the myocardium ("myo-" being the prefix ...
Cardiac output
The amount of blood that is pumped by the heart per minute. The amount of blood that is put out by the left ventricle of the heart in one contraction is called the stroke volume. ...
Cardiac septum
The septum of the heart is the dividing wall between the right and left sides of the heart. That portion of the septum that separates the two upper chambers (the right and left ...
Cardiac stress testing, exercise
The exercise cardiac stress testing (ECST) is the most widely used cardiac (heart) screening test. The patient exercises on a treadmill according to a standardized protocol, ...
Cardiac tamponade
A life-threatening situation in which there is such a large amount of fluid (usually blood) inside the pericardial sac around the heart that it interferes with the performance of ...
Cardiac transplant
A surgical procedure in which a diseased heart is replaced with a healthy heart from a deceased person. The world’s first heart transplant was done on December 3, 1967 by ...
cardialgia
1. Obsolete term for pyrosis. 2. SYN: cardiodynia. [ cardi- + G. algos, pain]
cardiataxia
Extreme irregularity in the action of the heart. [ cardi- + G. ataxia, disorder]
cardiatelia
Incomplete development of the heart. [ cardi- + G. ateles, incomplete]
cardiectasia
Dilation of the heart. [ cardi- + G. ektasis, a stretching]
cardiectomy
Excision of the cardiac part of the stomach. [cardi-(2) + G. ektome, excision]
cardiectopia
Abnormal placement of the heart. See ectopia cordis. [ cardi- + G. ektopos, out of place]
cardinal
Chief or principal; in embryology, relating to the main venous drainage. [L. cardinalis, principal]
carding
The procedure of placing individual sets of anterior or posterior teeth in trays lined with a wax strip.
cardio-, cardi-
1. The heart. 2. The cardia ( ostium cardiacum). [G. kardia, heart]
cardioaccelerator
Accelerator of the heart beat.
cardioactive
Influencing the heart.
cardioangiography
SYN: angiocardiography.
cardioaortic
Relating to the heart and the aorta.
cardioarterial
Relating to the heart and the arteries.
Cardiobacterium
A genus of nonmotile, pleomorphic, Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in the nasal flora and associated with endocarditis in humans. The type ...
cardiocele
A herniation or protrusion of the heart through an opening in the diaphragm, or through a wound. [cardio- + G. kele, hernia]
cardiochalasia
Achalasia of the cardia.
cardiodiosis
Rarely used term for maneuver to dilate the gastric cardia. [cardio- (2) + G. diosis, a spreading open]
cardiodynamics
The mechanics of the heart's action, including its movement and the forces generated thereby.
cardiodynia
Pain in the heart. SYN: cardialgia (2). [cardio- + G. odyne, pain]
cardioesophageal
Denoting the area at the junction of the esophagus and cardiac part of the stomach.
cardiogenesis
Formation of the heart in the embryo. [cardio + G. genesis, origin]
cardiogenic
Of cardiac origin.
cardiogram
1. The graphic tracing made by the stylet of a cardiograph. 2. Generally used for any recording derived from the heart, with such prefixes as apex-, echo-, electro-, phono-, ...
cardiograph
An instrument for recording graphically the movements of the heart, constructed on the principle of the sphygmograph. [cardio- + G. grapho, to write]
cardiography
Use of the cardiograph. SEE ALSO: electrocardiography. - ultrasonic c. SYN: echocardiography. - ultrasound c. SYN: echocardiography.
cardiohemothrombus
SYN: cardiothrombus.
cardiohepatic
Relating to the heart and the liver.
cardiohepatomegaly
Enlargement of both heart and liver.
cardioid
Resembling a heart. [ cardi- + G. eidos, resemblance]
cardioinhibitory
Arresting or slowing the action of the heart.
cardiokymogram
Record made by a cardiokymograph.
cardiokymograph
Noninvasive device, placed on the chest, capable of recording anterior left ventricle segmental wall motion; consists of a 5-cm diameter capacitive plate transducer as part of ...
cardiokymography
Use of a cardiokymograph.
cardiolipin
A 1,3-bis(phosphatidyl)glycerol found in many biomembranes with immunologic properties; used in serologic diagnosis of syphilis. When mixed with lecithin and cholesterol c. will ...
Cardiologist
A doctor who specializes in treating heart disorders. * * * Physician specializing in cardiology.
Cardiology
The study and treatment of heart disorders. * * * The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. [cardio- + G. logos, study]
cardiolysis
An obsolete operation for breaking up the adhesions in chronic mediastinopericarditis; access is gained by resection of a portion of the sternum and the corresponding costal ...
cardiomalacia
Softening of the walls of the heart. [cardio- + G. malakia, softness]
cardiomegaly
Enlargement of the heart. SYN: macrocardia, megacardia, megalocardia. [cardio- + G. megas, large] - glycogen c. a form of glycogenosis due to abnormal storage of glycogen ...
cardiometry
Measurement of the dimensions of the heart or the force of its action. [cardio- + G. metron, measure]
cardiomotility
Movements of the heart.
cardiomuscular
Pertaining to the cardiac musculature.
Cardiomyopathy
Disease of the heart muscle (the myocardium). The word is made up of three Greek roots: "cardio-", heart + "mys", muscle + "pathos", disease = disease (of the) heart muscle. The ...
Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic (HCM)
A genetic disorder of the heart characterized by increased growth (hypertrophy) in thickness of the wall of the left ventricle, the largest of the four chambers of the heart. HCM ...
cardiomyoplasty
An operation that uses stimulated latissimus dorsi muscle to assist cardiac function. The latissimus dorsi muscle is mobilized from the chest wall and moved into the thorax ...
cardiomyotomy
SYN: esophagomyotomy. [cardio- (2) + G. mys, muscle, + tome, cutting]
cardionatrin
SYN: atrial natriuretic peptide. [cardio- + Mod. L. natrium, sodium, + suffix -in, material]
cardionecrosis
Necrosis of the myocardium.
cardionector
Archaic term sometimes used for conducting system of heart. [cardio- + L. necto, to join]
cardionephric
SYN: cardiorenal.
cardioneural
Relating to the nervous control of the heart. [cardio- + G. neuron, nerve]
cardioneurosis
SYN: cardiac neurosis.
cardioomentopexy
Operation for the attachment of omentum to the heart with the object of improving its blood supply. [cardio- + omentum, + G. pexis, fixation]
cardiopaludism
Irregularity in the heart's action due to malaria. [cardio- + paludism, malaria, fr. L. palus, marsh]
cardiopath
A sufferer from heart disease.
cardiopathia nigra
SYN: Ayerza syndrome.
cardiopathy
Any disease of the heart. [cardio- + G. pathos, disease]
cardiophobia
Morbid fear of heart disease.
cardiophone
A stethoscope specially modified to aid in listening to the sounds of the heart. [cardio- + G. phone, sound]
cardiophony
A rarely used term for phonocardiography (1).
cardiophrenia
SYN: phrenocardia.
cardioplasty
An operation on the cardia of the stomach. SYN: esophagogastroplasty. [cardio- (2) + G. plastos, formed]
cardioplegia
1. Paralysis of the heart. 2. An elective stopping of cardiac activity temporarily by injection of chemicals, selective hypothermia, or electrical stimuli. [cardio- + G. plege, ...
cardioplegic
Relating to cardioplegia.
cardioptosia
A condition in which the heart is unduly movable and displaced downward, as distinguished from bathycardia. SEE ALSO: cor mobile, cor pendulum. SYN: drop heart. [cardio- + G. ...
Cardiopulmonary
Having to do with both the heart and lungs. * * * Relating to the heart and lungs. SYN: pneumocardial.
Cardiopulmonary bypass
Bypass of the heart and lungs as, for example, in open heart surgery. Blood returning to the heart is diverted through a heart-lung machine (a pump-oxygenator) before returning it ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
CPR involves applying external chest compression to make the heart pump and breathing for the victim by mouth-to-mouth ventilation. In the case of an early heart attack, death ...
cardiopyloric
Relating to the cardiac and pyloric extremities of the stomach.
cardiorenal
Relating to the heart and the kidney. SYN: cardionephric, nephrocardiac, renicardiac.
cardiorrhaphy
Suture of the heart wall. [cardio- + G. rhaphe, suture]
cardiorrhexis
Rupture of the heart wall. [cardio- + G. rhexis, rupture]
cardioscope
An instrument for inspecting the interior of the living heart. [cardio- + G. skopeo, to view]
cardioselective
Denoting or having the properties of cardioselectivity.
cardioselectivity
The relatively predominant cardiovascular pharmacologic effect of a drug with multipharmacologic effects; used especially when describing beta-blocking agents.
cardiospasm
SYN: esophageal achalasia.
cardiosphygmograph
An instrument for recording graphically the movements of the heart and the radial pulse. [cardio- + G. sphygmos, pulse, + grapho, to write]
cardiotachometer
An instrument for measuring the heart rate. [cardio- + G. tachos, rapidity, + metron, measure]
cardiothrombus
A clot of blood within one of the heart's chambers. SYN: cardiohemothrombus.
cardiothyrotoxicosis
Hyperthyroidism with cardiac complications.
cardiotomy
1. Incision of a heart wall. 2. Incision of the cardiac part of the stomach. [cardio- + G. tome, incision]
cardiotonic
Exerting a favorable, so-called tonic effect upon the action of the heart; usually intended to indicate increased force of contraction. [cardio- + G. tonos, tension]
cardiotoxic
Having a deleterious effect upon the action of the heart, due to poisoning of the cardiac muscle or of its conducting system. [cardio- + G. toxikon, poison]
cardiotoxin
1. A poisonous glycoside with specific cardiac effects. For example, causes irreversible depolarization of cell membranes. 2. Specifically, one of the toxic principles from ...
cardiovalvulitis
Inflammation of the heart valves.
Cardiovascular
The circulatory system comprising the heart and blood vessels which carries nutrients and oxygen to the tissues of the body and removes carbon dioxide and other wastes from them. ...
Cardiovascular disease
Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular diseases include arteriosclerosis, coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, arrhythmia, heart failure, ...
Cardiovascular syncope
Sudden collapse into unconsciousness due to a disorder of heart rhythm in which there is a slow or absent pulse resulting in syncope (fainting) with or without convulsions. In ...
cardiovasculare
SYN: cardiovascular.
cardiovasculorenal
Relating to the heart, arteries, and kidneys, especially as to function or disease.
Cardioversion
The conversion of one cardiac rhythm or electrical pattern to another, almost always from an abnormal to a normal one. This conversion can be accomplished by pharmacologic means ...
cardiovert
The act of cardioversion.
Cardioverter
Although cardioversion (the conversion of one cardiac rhythm to another) may sometimes be done with medications, a cardioverter is now synonymous with a defibrillator. ...
Cardiovirus
A genus of RNA viruses in the family Picornaviridae that are rarely associated with human disease and are recovered frequently from rodents, i.e., Columbia S.K. virus, mengo ...
carditis
Inflammation of the heart. - rheumatic c. pancarditis occurring in rheumatic fever, characterized by formation of Aschoff bodies in the cardiac interstitial tissue; may be ...
care
In medicine and public health, a general term for the application of knowledge to the benefit of a community or individual. - comprehensive medical c. a concept that includes not ...
Care proxy, health
A health care proxy is one form of advance medical directive. Advance medical directives pertain to treatment preferences and the designation of a surrogate decision-maker in ...
Care, ambulatory
Medical care (including diagnosis, observation, treatment and rehabilitation) provided on an outpatient basis. Ambulatory care is given to persons who are not confined to a ...
Care, managed
Any system that manages healthcare delivery in order to control costs.
Care, nail
Many nail problems are due to poor nail care. Good nail habits help keep nails healthy. The following recommendations are designed for good nail care: Keep nails clean and dry ...
Care, postoperative
The care given after surgery until the patient's discharge from the hospital or surgicenter and, in some cases, continuing on an ambulatory basis. Postoperative care is aimed ...
Care, preoperative
The care given before surgery when physical and psychological preparations are made, according to the individual needs of the patient. The preoperative period is that time that ...
caribi
SYN: epidemic gangrenous proctitis.
carica
SYN: papaya.
Caries
Dental cavities. Holes in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel and the dentin. The enamel is the outermost white hard surface and the dentin is the yellow layer ...
carina
1. In humans, a term applied or applicable to several anatomic structures forming a projecting central ridge. 2. That portion of the sternum in a bird, bat, or mole that serves ...
carinate
Shaped like a keel; relating to or resembling a carina.
cario-
Caries. [L. caries]
cariogenesis
The process of producing caries; the mechanism of caries production.
cariogenic
Producing caries; usually said of diets.
cariogenicity
Potential for caries production.
cariology
The study of dental caries and cariogenesis.
cariostatic
Exerting an inhibitory action upon the progress of dental caries.
carious
Relating to or affected with caries.
carisoprodate
SYN: carisoprodol.
carisoprodol
A skeletal muscle relaxant, chemically related to meprobamate and having abuse potential. SYN: carisoprodate.
carissin
A glucoside obtained from Carissa ovata stolonifera of Australia; a powerful cardiac poison.
Carlen
Eric, 20th century Swedish otolaryngologist. See C. tube.
carmalum
A 1% solution of carmine in 10% alum water, used as a stain in histology.
Carman
Russell D., U.S. radiologist, 1875–1926. See C. sign.
carminate
A red salt of carminic acid.
carminative
1. Preventing the formation or causing the expulsion of flatus. 2. An agent that relieves flatulence. [L. carmino, pp. -atus, to card wool; special Mod. L. usage, to expel ...
carmine
Red coloring matter used as a histology stain produced from coccinellin derived from cochineal; treatment of coccinellin with alum forms an aluminum lake of carminic acid, ...
carminic acid
A glucoside of an anthracenequinone carboxylic acid; the essential constituent of carmine.
carminophil, carminophile, carminophilous
Staining readily with carmine dyes. [G. phileo, to love]
Carmody
Thomas Edward, U.S. oral surgeon, *1875. See C.- Batson operation.
carmustine
An antineoplastic agent. SYN: BCNU.
carnassial
Adapted for shearing flesh; denoting those teeth designed to cut flesh. [Fr. carnassier, carnivorous, fr. L. caro, flesh]
carneous
Fleshy. [L. carneus]
carnes
Plural of caro. [L.]
Carnett
J. B., 20th century U.S. physician. See C. sign.
Carney
J.A., contemporary American physician. See C. complex. J. Aldan, U.S. pathologist, *1934. See C. complex.
carnification
A change in tissues, whereby they become fleshy, resembling muscular tissue. [L. caro (carn-), flesh, + facio, to make]
carnitine
A trimethylammonium ( betaine) derivative of γ-amino-β-hydroxybutyric acid, formed from Nε,Nε,Nε-trimethyllysine and from γ-butyrobetaine; the l-isomer is a thyroid ...
Carnivora
An order of chiefly flesh-eating mammals that includes the cats, dogs, bears, civets, minks, and hyenas, as well as the raccoon and panda; some species are omnivorous or ...
carnivore
One of the Carnivora.
carnivorous
Flesh-eating; subsisting on animals as food. SYN: zoophagous.
carnosinase
Mammalian enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of carnosine, producing histidine and β-alanine; a deficiency of the serum enzyme leads to elevated carnosine levels.
carnosine
N-β-Alanyl-l-histidine; the dominant nonprotein nitrogenous component of brain tissue, first found in relatively high amounts in muscle; chelates copper and activates myosin ...
carnosinemia
An autosomal recessive congenital disease, characterized by the presence of excess amounts of carnosine in the blood and urine and caused by a genetic deficiency of the enzyme ...
carnosity
1. Fleshiness. 2. A fleshy protuberance.

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