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Слова на букву basi-chem (2629)

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Carnoy
Jean Baptiste, French biologist, 1836–1899. See C. fixative.
caro
The fleshy parts of the body; muscular and fatty tissues. [L.] - c. quadrata sylvii SYN: quadratus plantae (muscle).
carob flour
SYN: algaroba.
Caroli
J., 20th century French physician. See C. disease.
carotenase
SYN: β-carotene 15,15′-dioxygenase.
carotene
A class of carotenoids, yellow-red pigments (lipochromes) widely distributed in plants and animals, notably in carrots, and closely related in structure to the xanthophylls and ...
Carotene, beta
An antioxidant, a substance that protects cells against oxidation damage which, it is thought, can lead to cancer. Beta carotene is converted, as needed, to vitamin A. Food ...
Carotenemia
Temporary yellowing of the skin due to excessive beta carotene in the diet. The offending substance, beta carotene, is an antioxidant (a substance that protects cells against ...
carotenoderma
SYN: carotenosis cutis. [ carotene + G. derma, skin]
carotenoid
1. Resembling carotene; having a yellow color. 2. One of the carotenoids.
carotenoids
Generic term for a class of carotenes and their oxygenated derivatives (xanthophylls) consisting of 8 isoprenoid units (thus, tetraterpenes) joined so that the orientation of ...
carotenoprotein
A protein with a covalently-bound carotenoid.
carotenosis cutis
A harmless, reversible yellow coloration of the skin caused by an increase in carotene content; the sclera is not involved. SYN: carotenoderma, carotinosis cutis.
carotic
SYN: stuporous. [G. karotikos, stupefying]
caroticotympanic
Relating to the carotid canal and the tympanum.
Carotid
Pertaining to the carotid artery and the area near that key artery located in the front of the neck though which blood from the heart goes to the brain. There are 2 carotid ...
Carotid artery
A key artery located in the front of the neck though which blood from the heart goes to the brain. There are 2 carotid arteries — the right and left common carotid arteries — ...
carotidynia
SYN: carotodynia.
carotinemia
SYN: carotenemia.
carotinosis cutis
SYN: carotenosis cutis.
carotodynia
Pain caused by pressure on the carotid artery. SYN: carotidynia. [G. odyne, pain]
carpal
Relating to the carpus.
Carpal bone
One of the wrist bones. There are eight carpal bones that are arranged in two rows. The carpal bones articulate (come together to form a joint) proximally (on their near ends) ...
Carpal tunnel release
A surgical procedure to relieve pressure exerted on the median nerve within the carpal tunnel (the carpal tunnel syndrome). The median nerve is pinched in the wrist as it passes ...
carpectomy
Excision of a portion or all of the carpus. [G. karpos, wrist, + ektome, excision]
Carpenter
George Alfred, British physician, 1859–1910. See C. syndrome.
Carpentier
Alain, 20th century French cardiothoracic surgeon. See C.- Edwards valve.
carphenazine maleate
A phenothiazine tranquilizer of the piperazine group. Functionally classified as an antipsychotic agent, it is used in the treatment of chronic and acute schizophrenia; also ...
carpocarpal
SYN: midcarpal (2).
Carpoglyphus
A genus of mites including Carpoglyptus passularum, the fruit mite, which causes a dermatitis among handlers of dried fruit. [G. karpos, fruit, + glypho,, to carve]
carpometacarpal
Relating to both carpus and metacarpus.
carpopedal
Relating to the wrist and the foot, or the hands and feet; denoting especially c. spasm. [G. karpos, wrist, + L. pes (ped-), foot]
carpoptosis, carpoptosia
SYN: wrist-drop. [G. karpos, wrist, + ptosis, a falling]
Carpue
Joseph C., British surgeon, 1764–1846.
carpus
1. SYN: wrist. 2. SYN: carpal bones, under bone. [Mod. L. fr. Gr. karpos] - c. curvus SYN: Madelung deformity.
Carr
Francis H., British chemist, *1874. See C.- Price reaction.
carrageen, carragheen
1. SYN: chondrus (2). 2. SYN: carrageenan.
carrageenan, carrageenin
A polysaccharide vegetable gum obtained from Irish moss; a galactosan sulfate resembling agar in molecular structure. SYN: carrageen (2), carragheen. [Carragheen, Irish village] ...
carre-four sensitif
A term given by Charcot to the posterior portion of the caudal limb of the internal capsule. [Fr. sensory crossroads]
Carrel
Alexis, French-U.S. surgeon and Nobel laureate, 1873–1944. See C. treatment, C.- Lindbergh pump, Dakin-C. treatment.
carrier
1. A person or animal that harbors a specific infectious agent in the absence of discernible clinical disease and serves as a potential source of infection. 2. Any chemical ...
Carrier test
A test designed to detect carriers of a gene for recessive genetic disorder. For example, carrier testing is done for sickle cell trait, thalassemia trait, and the Tay-Sachs ...
carrier-free
Said of a substance in which a radioactive or other tagged atom is found in every molecule; the highest possible specific activity.
Carrión
Daniel A., Peruvian medical student, 1859–1885, who inoculated himself with a disease later designated as C. disease, and died thereof. See C. disease.
carry-over
The phenomenon by which part of the analyte present in a sample appears to be present in the next or following samples in the same analytic process. This is most noticeable when ...
Carteaud
Alexandre, French physician, *1897. See Gougerot-C. syndrome.
cartesian
Relating to Cartesius, Latinized form of Descartes.
carthamus
The dried florets of C. tinctorius (family Compositae). SEE ALSO: safflower oil. SYN: safflower. [Ar. qurtum, fr. qartama, paint; the plant yields a dye]
Cartilage
: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A more flexible kind of cartilage connects muscles with bones and makes up other parts of the body, such as the larynx and ...
Cartilage hair hypoplasia syndrome
A specific genetic form of short-limbed dwarfism with skeletal features that also include normal head, inability to fully extends the elbows, chest cage deformity, bow legs (genu ...
cartilagines
Plural of cartilago.
cartilaginoid
SYN: chondroid (1).
cartilaginous
Relating to or consisting of cartilage. SYN: chondral.
cartilago
SYN: cartilage.For histologic description, see cartilage. [L. gristle] - cartilagines alares minores SYN: minor alar cartilage. - c. alaris major SYN: major alar cartilage. - c. ...
caruncle
A small, fleshy protuberance, or any structure suggesting such a shape. SYN: caruncula (1) [TA]. - lacrimal c. [TA] a small reddish body at the medial angle of the eye, ...
caruncula
1. [TA] SYN: caruncle. 2. In ungulates, one of about 200 specific disklike areas of the uterine endometrium that, in conjunction with the fetal cotyledon, forms a placentome ...
Carus
Karl G., German anatomist and zoologist, 1789–1869. See C. circle, C. curve.
carvacrol
An isomer of thymol that occurs in several volatile oils ( marjoram, origanum, savory, and thyme), with properties and activity that closely resemble those of thymol; has ...
Carvallo
See Rivero-C..
carvedilol
An agent used as an antihypertensive and antianginal, and in congestive heart failure.
carver
A dental hand instrument, available in a wide variety of end shapes, used for forming and contouring wax, filling materials, etc.
caryo-
Nucleus. See karyo-. [G. karyon, nut, kernel]
caryophyllus, caryophyllum
Clove. [G. karyophyllon, clove tree, fr. karyon, nut, + phyllon, leaf]
caryotheca
SYN: nuclear envelope. [ caryo- + G. theke, sheath, box]
Casal
Gasper, Spanish physician, 1691–1759. See C. necklace.
casamino acids
Trivial term for the mixture of amino acid s derived by hydrolysis of casein; used in bacterial and similar growth media.
cascade
1. A series of sequential interactions, as of a physiological process, which once initiated continues to the final one; each interaction is activated by the preceding one, ...
cascara
SYN: c. sagrada. - c. amara the dried bark of a species of Picramnia (family Simarubaceae); used as a bitter tonic. SYN: Honduras bark. - c. sagrada the dried bark of ...
case
1. An instance of disease with its attendant circumstances. Cf.:patient. 2. A box or container. [L. casus, an occurrence] - borderline c. a patient, whose clinical findings are ...
caseation
A form of coagulation necrosis in which the necrotic tissue resembles cheese and contains a mixture of protein and fat that is absorbed very slowly; occurs particularly in ...
Casein
The main protein found in milk and other dairy products. * * * The principal protein of cow's milk and the chief constituent of cheese. It is insoluble in water, soluble in ...
caseinate
A salt of casein.
caseinogen
“Soluble” or κ-casein which, when acted upon by rennin, is converted into paracasein.
caseo-iodine
SYN: casein iodine.
caseose
Nondescript term for product resulting from the hydrolysis or digestion of casein.
caseous
Pertaining to or manifesting the gross and microscopic features of tissue affected by caseation.
Casoni
Tommaro, Italian physician, 1880–1933. See C. antigen, C. intradermal test, C. skin test.
cassava starch
SYN: tapioca.
Casselberry
William E., U.S. laryngologist, 1858–1916. See C. position.
Casser, Casserio
Giulio, Italian anatomist, 1556–1616. See C. fontanelle, C. perforated muscle.
casserian
Relating to or described by Casser.
cassette
1. A plate, film, or tape holder for use in photography or radiography. A radiographic c. contains two intensifying screens and a sheet of x-ray film. 2. A perforated holder ...
cassia bark
SYN: cinnamon.
cassia fistula
The dried ripe fruit of C., used as a laxative. SYN: purging cassia.
cassia oil
SYN: cinnamon oil.
Cast
1) A protective shell of plaster and bandage molded to protect a broken or fractured limb as it heals. 2) An abnormal mass of dead cells that forms in a body cavity. * * * 1. ...
cast brace
A specially designed plaster or plastic cast incorporating hinges and other brace components; used in the treatment of fractures to provide immobilization and to promote early ...
Castellani
Sir Aldo, Italian physician, 1877–1971. See C. bronchitis, C. paint.
casting
1. A metallic object formed in a mold. 2. The act of forming a c. in a mold. - centrifugal c. c. molten metal into a mold by spinning the metal from a crucible at the end of a ...
Casting, serial
The use of successive casts to reshape deformed or spastic limbs.
Castle
William B., U.S. physician, 1897–1991. See C. intrinsic factor.
Castleman
Benjamin, U.S. pathologist, 1906–1982. See C. disease.
Castleman disease
A disorder of lymphoid tissue (lymphadenopathy) with massive overgrowth (hyperplasia) of lymph nodes ("swollen glands"), most commonly affecting the nodes between the lungs (in ...
castor bean
SYN: Ricinus.
castor oil
A fixed oil expressed from the seeds of Ricinus communis (family Euphorbiaceae); a purgative. - aromatic c. contains cinnamon oil 3, clove oil 1, vanillin 1, saccharin 0.5, ...
castrate
To remove the testicles or the ovaries. [L. castro, pp. -atus, to deprive of generative power (male or female)]
Castration
Removal of the sex glands, usually used to indicate removal of the male testicles. * * * 1. Removal of the testicles or ovaries. 2. See c. complex, castrate. - functional c. ...
casualty
An injury, or the victim of an accident.
CAT
Abbreviation for chloramphenicol acetyl transferase; obsolete abbreviation for computerized axial tomography (CT).
Cat cry syndrome
A disorder caused by the loss of part of the short (p) arm from chromosome 5. Also called the cri du chat (or cri-du-chat) syndrome. The cat cry syndrome is one of the most ...
Cat eye syndrome
A constitutional chromosome abnormality (one that is present at or before birth) with multiple malformations characterized by the combination of a cat-like slit of the iris of ...
CAT scan, helical
A conventional computerized axial tomography scan (CAT scan or CT scan) is an x-ray procedure which combines many x-ray images with the aid of a computer to generate ...
CAT scan, spiral
A conventional computerized axial tomography scan (CAT scan or CT scan) is an x-ray procedure which combines many x-ray images with the aid of a computer to generate ...
Cat scratch disease
A bacterial infection due to a cat scratch seen most often today in people with HIV. The disease characteristically presents with swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenitis), sore throat, ...
Cat scratch fever
A bacterial infection due to a cat scratch seen most often today in people with HIV. The disease characteristically presents with swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenitis), sore throat, ...
cata-
Down; opposite of ana-. SEE ALSO: kata-. Cf.:de-. [G. kata, down]
catabasial
Denoting a skull in which the basion is lower than the opisthion. [ cata- + Mod. L. basion]
catabiotic
Used up in the carrying on of the vital processes other than growth, or in the performance of function, referring to the energy derived from food. [ cata- + G. biotikos, relating ...
catabolic
Relating to or promoting catabolism.
Catabolism
The energy-burning aspect of metabolism. * * * 1. The breaking down in the body of complex chemical compounds into simpler ones ( e.g., glycogen to CO2 and H2O), often ...
catabolite
Any product of catabolism.
catachronobiology
The study of the deleterious effects of time on a living system. [ cata- + G. chronos, time, + biology]
catacrotic
Denoting a pulse tracing in which the downstroke is interrupted by one or more upward waves.
catacrotism
A condition of the pulse in which there are one or more secondary expansions of the artery following the main beat, producing secondary upward waves on the downstroke of the pulse ...
catadicrotic
Denoting a pulse tracing in which there are two minor elevations interrupting the downstroke.
catadicrotism
A condition of the pulse marked by two minor expansions of the artery following the main beat, producing two secondary upward waves on the downstroke of the pulse tracing. [cata ...
catadidymus
SYN: duplicitas anterior. [ cata- + G. didymus, twin]
catadioptric
Employing both reflecting and refractive optical systems.
catadromous
Migrating from fresh water to the ocean to spawn. SEE ALSO: anadromous.
catagen
A regressing phase of the hair growth cycle during which cell proliferation ceases, the hair follicle shortens, and an anchored club hair is produced.
catagenesis
SYN: involution. [ cata- + G. genesis, origin]
catalase
A hemoprotein catalyzing the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen (2H2O2 → O2 + 2H2O); a deficiency of c. is associated with acatalasemia.
Catalepsy
The state of persisting in unusual postures or facial expressions, regardless of outside stimuli, as is seen in schizophrenia and some other diseases of the nervous system. * * ...
cataleptic
Relating to, or suffering from, catalepsy.
cataleptoid
Simulating or resembling catalepsy.
catalysis
The effect that a catalyst exerts upon a chemical reaction. [G. katalysis, dissolution] - contact c. a process wherein the catalyst is a solid and the catalyzed reaction is ...
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction but is not consumed or altered in the process. Catalysts are of immense importance in chemistry and biology. All enzymes are ...
catalytic
Relating to or effecting catalysis.
catalyze
To act as a catalyst.
catalyzer
SYN: catalyst.
catamnesis
The medical history of a patient after an illness; the follow-up history. [ cata- + G mneme, memory]
catamnestic
Related to catamnesis.
catapasm
A dusting powder applied to raw surfaces or ulcers. [G. katapasma, a powder; katapasso, to sprinkle over]
cataphoresis
Movement of positively charged particles (cations) in a solution or suspension toward the cathode in electrophoresis. Cf.:anaphoresis. [ cata- + G. phoresis, a being carried] ...
cataphoretic
Relating to cataphoresis.
cataplasia, cataplasis
A degenerative change in cells or tissues that is the reverse of the constructive or developmental change; a return to an earlier or embryonic stage. SYN: retrograde ...
cataplasm
SYN: poultice. [G. kataplasma, poultice, fr. kataplasso, to spread over]
cataplectic
1. Developing suddenly. 2. Pertaining to cataplexy.
Cataplexy
A debilitating medical condition in which a person suddenly feels weak and collapses at moments of strong emotion such as laughter, anger, fear or surprise. In so collapsing, ...
Cataract
A clouding of the lens of the eye. The normally clear aspirin-sized lens of the eye starts to become cloudy. The result is much like smearing grease over the lens of a camera. It ...
Cataract surgery
The clouded (cataractous) lens is best removed in its entirety by surgery and replaced with an intraocular lens (IOL) made of plastic, an operation that takes about an hour and ...
Cataract with poikiloderma atrophicans
Also known as the Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, this is an hereditary disease characterized by progressive degeneration (atrophy), scarring and abnormal pigmentation of the skin ...
cataracta
SYN: cataract. [L.] - c. adiposa SYN: vascular cataract. - c. brunescens SYN: black cataract. - c. cerulea SYN: blue cataract. - c. electrica SYN: electric cataract. - c. fibrosa ...
cataractogenesis
The process of cataract formation. [cataract + G. genesis, production]
cataractogenic
Cataract-producing.
cataractous
Relating to a cataract.
cataria
The dried flowering tops of Nepeta c. (family Labiatae); an emmenagogue and antispasmodic; also reported to produce psychic effects. SYN: catnep, catnip. [L. cattus, male cat ...
catarrh
Inflammation of a mucous membrane with increased flow of mucus or exudate. [G. katarrheo, to flow down] - nasal c. SYN: rhinitis. - vernal c. SYN: vernal conjunctivitis.
catarrhal
Relating to or affected with catarrh.
catastalsis
A contraction wave resembling ordinary peristalsis but not preceded by a zone of inhibition. [G. kata-stello, to put in order, check]
catastaltic
Inhibitory, restricting, or restraining. [ cata- + G. staltos, contracted, fr. stello, to contract]
catastasis
1. A condition or state. 2. Restoration to a normal condition or a normal place. [G.]
catatonia
A syndrome of psychomotor disturbances characterized by periods of physical rigidity, negativism, or stupor; may occur in schizophrenia, mood disorders, or organic mental ...
catatonic, catatoniac
Relating to, or characterized by, catatonia.
catatrichy
Presence of a forelock of hair that is separate or different in appearance; may be inherited as an autosomal dominant. See Waardenburg syndrome. [ cata- + G. thrix, hair]
catatricrotic
Denoting a pulse tracing with three minor elevations interrupting the downstroke.
catatricrotism
A condition of the pulse marked by three minor expansions of the artery following the main beat, producing three secondary upward waves on the downstroke of the pulse tracing. [ ...
catechase
SYN: catechol 1,2-dioxygenase.
catechin
Derived from catechu, and used as an astringent in diarrhea and as a stain. SYN: catechinic acid, catechuic acid, cyanidol.
catechinic acid
SYN: catechin.
catechol
1. SYN: pyrocatechol. 2. Term loosely used for catechin, which contains an o-c. moiety, and as the root of catecholamines, which are pyrocatechol derivatives. - ...
catechol 1,2-dioxygenase
An oxidoreductase catalyzing oxidation of pyrocatechol, with O2, to cis-cis-muconate. SYN: catechase, pyrocatechase.
catechol 2,3-dioxygenase
An oxidoreductase oxidizing catechol, with O2, to 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde. SYN: metapyrocatechase.
Catecholamine
Pronounced cat·e·chol·amine. An amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine — examples include epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine (noradrenaline), and dopamine — ...
catecholamines
Pyrocatechols with an alkylamine side chain; examples of biochemical interest are epinephrine, norepinephrine, and l-dopa. C. are major elements in responses to stress.
catechu nigrum
Black catechu, an extract of the heart wood of Acacia catechu (family Leguminosae), used as an astringent in diarrhea. SYN: cutch.
catechuic acid
SYN: catechin.
catelectrotonus
The changes in excitability and conductivity in a nerve or muscle in the neighborhood of the cathode during the passage of a constant electric current. [ cathode + ...
catenate
To connect in a series of links like a chain; for example, two rings of mitochondrial DNA are often catenated. [L. catenatus, chained together, fr. catena, chain]
catenating
Occurring in a chain or series. [L. catenatus, chained]
catenin
Cytoplasmic molecule that serves as a link between cadherins and the cytoskeleton of cells, allowing the formation of adherent junctions. There are two types: β-c., which is ...
catenoid
1. Like a chain, such as a chain of fungus spores or a colony of protozoa in which the individuals are joined end to end. SYN: catenulate. 2. Surface of net zero curvature ...
catenulate
SYN: catenoid (1).
caterpillar
The wormlike larval stage of a butterfly or a moth. [M.E. catirpeller, fr. O.Fr. cate, cat, + pelose, hairy] - dermatitis-causing c.. one of several species whose hairs can ...
catgut
An absorbable surgical suture material made from the collagenous fibers of the submucosa of certain animals (usally from sheep or cows); misnamed c.. [probably from kit, a small ...
Catha edulis
A plant of Ethiopia and Arabia (family Celastraceae), cultivated for use as a stimulant; khat (the fresh leaves and twigs) is chewed or used in the preparation of a beverage; the ...
Catharanthus alkaloids
SYN: Vinca alkaloids, under alkaloid.
catharsis
1. SYN: purgation. 2. The release or discharge of emotional tension or anxiety by psychoanalytically guided emotional reliving of past, especially repressed, events. SYN: ...
cathartic
1. Relating to catharsis. 2. An agent having purgative action.
cathectic
Pertaining to cathexis.
cathemoglobin
An artificial derivative of hemoglobin in which the globin is denatured and the iron oxidized.
cathepsin
One of a number of intracellular proteinases and peptidases (all endopeptidases) of animal tissues of varying specificities.
catheter
1. A tubular instrument to allow passage of fluid from or into a body cavity or blood vessel. SEE ALSO: line (4). 2. Especially a c. designed to be passed through the urethra ...
Catheter, central
A catheter (a tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium ...
Catheter, central venous
A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of ...
Catheter, Foley
A flexible plastic tube (a catheter) inserted into the bladder to provide continuous urinary drainage. The " Foley" has a balloon on the bladder end. After the catheter is ...
Catheter, indwelling bladder
A flexible plastic tube (a catheter) inserted into the bladder that remains ("dwells") there to provide continuous urinary drainage. The principal type of indwelling bladder ...
Catheter, Swan-Ganz
A thin, flexible tube that is inserted through one of the large veins (the inferior or superior vena cava) that return blood to the heart. The catheter is flow-directed. It uses ...
catheterization
Passage of a catheter. - clean intermittent bladder c. (CIC) a common way for patients with neurogenic bladders that do not empty normally to empty their bladders on a routine ...
Catheterization, venous
The insertion of a tiny tube (a catheter) into a peripheral or central vein to deliver fluids or medication. This is the most frequently used method for the administration of ...
catheterize
To pass a catheter.
catheterostat
A stand for holding catheters. [catheter + G. statos, standing]
cathexis
A conscious or unconscious attachment of psychic energy to an idea, object, or person. [G. kathexis, a holding in, retention]
cathodal
Of, pertaining to, or emanating from a cathode. SYN: cathodic.
cathode
The negative pole of a galvanic battery or the electrode connected with it; the electrode toward which positively charged ions (cations) migrate and are reduced, and into ...
cathodic
SYN: cathodal.
catholysis
Electrolysis with a cathode needle.
Cation
In chemistry, a positively charged ion. Pronounced cat-I-on. A cation is as opposed to an anion, which is a negatively charged ion. * * * An ion carrying a charge of positive ...
cation exchange
The process by which a cation in a liquid phase exchanges with another cation present as the counter ion of a negatively charged solid polymer (cation exchanger). A ...
cation exchanger
An insoluble solid (usually a polystyrene or a polysaccharide) that has negatively charged radicals attached to it ( e.g., –COO−, –SO3−), which can attract and hold ...
cationic
Referring to positively charged ions and their properties.
cationogen
A substance that gives rise to positively charged ions.
catlin, catling
A long, sharp-pointed, double-edged knife used in amputations.
catnep, catnip
SYN: cataria.
catochus
The trancelike phase of catalepsy in which the patient is conscious but cannot move or speak. [G. katoche, epilepsy (Galen), fr. katecho, to hold fast]
catoptric
Relating to reflected light. [G. katoptron, mirror]
cauda
SYN: tail (1). [L. a tail] - c. epididymidis [TA] SYN: tail of epididymis. - c. equina [TA] the bundle of spinal nerve roots arising from the lumbosacral enlargement and ...
Cauda equina
A bundle of spinal nerve roots, called the cauda equina because it resembles a horse's tail, that arise from the end of the spinal cord. The cauda equina comprises the roots of ...
Cauda equina syndrome
Impairment of the nerves in the cauda equina, a bundle of spinal nerve roots (called the cauda equina because it resembles a horse's tail) that arise from the end of the spinal ...
caudad
1. In a direction toward the tail. 2. Situated nearer the tail in relation to a specific reference point; opposite of craniad. SEE ALSO: inferior.
Caudad (anatomic orientation)
Toward the feet (or tail in embryology), as opposed to cranial. The spinal cord is caudad to the brain. For a more complete listing of terms used in medicine for spatial ...
caudal
Pertaining to the tail. SYN: caudalis [TA]. [Mod. L. caudalis]
caudalis
SYN: caudal.
caudate
1. Tailed; possessing a tail. 2. SYN: c. nucleus.
Caudate nuclei
Part of the brain, specifically a part of the striatum within the basal ganglia. The basal ganglia are located at the base of the brain and are composed of 4 clusters of ...
caudatolenticular
Relating to the caudate nucleus and lenticularis. SYN: caudolenticular.
caudatum
SYN: caudate nucleus.
caudocephalad
In a direction from the tail toward the head.
caudolenticular
SYN: caudatolenticular.
Caul
Or cowl, a membrane, in obstetrics and cooking. In obstetrics, the caul is the amnion, one of the two fetal membranes, the other being the chorion. To be born in a caul meant ...
caul, cowl
1. The amnion, either as a piece of membrane capping the baby's head at birth or the whole membrane when delivered unruptured with the baby. SYN: galea (4), veil (2), velum ...
Cauliflower ear
An acquired deformity of the external ear to which wrestlers and boxers are particularly vulnerable. The cause is damage due to trauma. When trauma causes a blood clot under the ...
Cauliflower-ear deformity
Destruction of the underlying cartilage framework of the outer ear (pinnae), usually caused by either infection or trauma, resulting in a thickening of the ear. Classically, ...
causalgia
Persistent severe burning pain, usually following injury of a peripheral nerve (especially median and tibial) or the brachial plexus, accompanied by trophic changes. [G. kausis, ...
causality
The relating of causes to the effects they produce; the pathogenesis of disease, and epidemiology, are largely concerned with c..
cause
That which produces an effect or condition; that by which a morbid change or disease is brought about. [L. causa] - constitutional c. a c. acting from within or through some ...
Causes of cancer
Cancer is a group of more than 100 different diseases. Benign tumors are not cancer; malignant tumors are cancer. Most cancers are named for the type of cell or the organ in which ...
caustic
1. Chemically exerting an effect resembling a burn. 2. An agent producing this effect. 3. Denoting a solution of a strong alkali; e.g., c. soda, NaOH. SYN: pyrotic (2). [G. ...
cauterant
1. Cauterizing. 2. A cauterizing agent.
Cauterization
: The use of heat to destroy abnormal cells. Also called diathermy or electrodiathermy. * * * The act of cauterizing. SEE ALSO: cautery.
cauterize
To apply a cautery; to burn with a cautery.
cautery
1. An agent or device used for scarring, burning, or cutting the skin or other tissues by means of heat, cold, electric current, ultrasound, or caustic chemicals. 2. Use of a ...
Caution codes, drug
Abbreviations on medications that indicate caution. While not a part of the historical heritage of ancient prescription abbreviations, drug caution codes provide very valuable ...
cava
See inferior vena c., superior vena c..
cavagram
SYN: cavogram.
caval
Relating to a vena cava.
cave
A hollow or enclosed space or cavity. See cavity, cavitas, cavernous space. SYN: cavea. - trigeminal c. [TA] the cleft in the meningeal layer of dura of the middle cranial ...
cavea
SYN: cave. - c. thoracis [TA] SYN: thoracic cage.
Caveola
An tiny pit, grotto, depression, incupping in the surface of a cell. The name "caveola" means little cave. The plural is caveolae. Caveolae normally function to facilitate the ...
cavern
SYN: cavernous space. - caverns of corpora cavernosa SYN: cavernous spaces of corpora cavernosa, under space. - caverns of corpus spongiosum SYN: cavernous spaces of corporus ...
caverna
SYN: cavernous space. [L. a grotto, fr. cavus, hollow] - cavernae corporis spongiosi [TA] SYN: cavernous spaces of corporus spongiosum, under space. - cavernae corporum ...
caverniloquy
Low-pitched resonant pectoriloquy heard over a lung cavity. [L. caverna, cavern, + loquor, to talk]
cavernitis
Inflammation of the corpus cavernosum penis. SYN: cavernositis. - fibrous c. c. occasionally associated with Peyronie disease.
cavernositis
SYN: cavernitis.
cavernous
Relating to a cavern or a cavity; containing many cavities.
Cavernous hemangioma
A type of hemangioma composed of blood-filled “lakes” and channels. It is typically raised and red or purplish. A cavernous hemangioma may diminish in size ...
Cavernous sinus
A large channel of venous blood creating a "sinus" cavity bordered by the sphenoid bone and the temporal bone of the skull. The cavernous sinus is an important structure because ...
Cavernous sinus syndrome
A cavernous sinus thrombosis is a blood clot within the cavernous sinus, a large channel of venous blood in a cavity bordered by the sphenoid bone and the temporal bone of the ...
Cavernous sinus thrombosis
A cavernous sinus thrombosis is a blood clot within the cavernous sinus, a large channel of venous blood in a cavity bordered by the sphenoid bone and the temporal bone of the ...
Cavia
A genus of the family Caviidae that includes the guinea pig s. [Mod. L., fr. native Indian] - C. porcellus a rodent with a very short tail that is not visible externally; native ...
cavitary
1. Relating to a cavity or having a cavity or cavities. 2. Denoting any animal parasite that has an enteric canal or body cavity and that lives within the host's body.
cavitas
SYN: cavity. [Mod. L.] - c. abdominalis [TA] SYN: abdominal cavity. - c. abdominis et pelvis [TA] SYN: abdominopelvic cavity. - c. articularis [TA] SYN: articular cavity. - c. ...
cavitation
1. Formation of a cavity, as in the lung in tuberculosis or with development of a bacterial lung abscess. 2. The production of small vapor-containing bubbles or cavities in a ...
Cavities
Holes in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel and the dentin. The enamel is the outermost white hard surface and the dentin is the yellow layer just beneath enamel. ...
cavitis
SYN: celophlebitis.
cavity
1. A hollow space; hole. See cave, c., cavitas, cavernous space. 2. Lay term for the loss of tooth structure due to dental caries. SYN: cavum [TA], cavitas. [L. cavus, ...
Cavity, abdominal
The cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and the spine. The abdominal cavity is hardly an empty space. It contains a number of crucial organs including ...
cavogram
An angiogram of a vena cava. SYN: cavagram. [(vena) cava + G. gramma, a writing]
cavography
SYN: venacavography.
cavosurface
Relating to a cavity and the surface of a tooth.
cavum
SYN: cavity. [L. ntr. of adj. cavus, hollow] - c. abdominis SYN: abdominal cavity. - c. articulare SYN: articular cavity. - c. conchae cavity of concha. - c. coronale SYN: ...
Cb
Symbol for columbium.
CBC
A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These measurements are generally ...
CBF
Abbreviation for cerebral or coronary blood flow.
CBG
Abbreviation for corticosteroid-binding globulin.

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