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Слова на букву basi-chem (2629)

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Cbl
Abbreviation for cobalamin.
Cbz
Abbreviation for carbobenzoxy- (benzyloxycarbonyl).
cc, c.c.
Abbreviation for cubic centimeter.
CCA
Abbreviation for chimpanzee coryza agent.
CCC
Abbreviation for cathodal closure contraction.
CCD (Central core disease of muscle)
One of the conditions that produces ‘floppy baby’ syndrome. CCD causes hypotonia (floppiness) in the newborn baby, slowly progressive muscle weakness, and muscle cramps ...
CCD (cleidocranial dysostosis)
A genetic (inherited) disorder of bone development characterized by: {{}}Absent or incompletely formed collar bones (the “cleido-“ part refers to the clavicles, the collar ...
CCDM
Abbreviation for Control of Communicable Diseases Manual.
CCK
Abbreviation for cholecystokinin.
CCNU
SYN: lomustine.
CCU
Abbreviation for coronary care unit; critical care unit.
CD
Abbreviation for curative dose; circular dichroism; cluster of differentiation.
Cd
Symbol for cadmium.
cd
Symbol for candela.
CD 54
See intercellular adhesion molecule-1.
CD50
1. Abbreviation for curative dose. 2. In a study of a therapeutic agent, the dose that cures 50% of the test subjects.
CDC
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking and investigating public health trends. The stated mission of the CDC is "To promote ...
CDE blood group
See Rh blood group, Blood Groups appendix.
cDNA
Complementary DNA. cDNA is single-stranded DNA made in the laboratory from a messenger RNA template under the aegis of the enzyme reverse transcriptase. This form of DNA is ...
CDP
Abbreviation for cytidine 5′-diphosphate.
CDP-choline
Abbreviation for cytidine diphosphocholine.
CDP-glyceride
Abbreviation for cytidine diphosphoglyceride.
CDP-sugar
Abbreviation for cytidine diphosphosugar.
Ce
Symbol for cerium.
CEA
See carcinoembryonic antigen. * * * Abbreviation for carcinoembryonic antigen.
CEA assay
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a protein found in many types of cells but associated with tumors and the developing fetus. CEA is tested in blood. The normal range is Benign ...
cebocephaly
Malformation of the head in which the features are suggestive of a monkey, with defective or absent nose and closely set eyes; part of the holoprosencephaly spectrum. [G. kebos, ...
cec-
See ceco-.
ceca
Plural of cecum.
Cecal
Pertaining to the cecum (also spelled caecum), the first portion of the large bowel, situated in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen. The cecum receives fecal material ...
cecectomy
Excision of the cecum. SYN: typhlectomy. [ceco- + G. ektome, excision]
Cecil
Arthur Bond, U.S. urologist, 1885–1967. See C. urethroplasty.
cecitis
Inflammation of the cecum. SYN: typhlenteritis, typhlitis, typhloenteritis.
ceco-, cec-
The cecum. SEE ALSO: typhlo- (1). Cf.:typhlo-. [L. caecum, cecum, blind]
cecocolostomy
Formation of an anastomosis between cecum and colon.
cecofixation
SYN: cecopexy.
cecoileostomy
SYN: ileocecostomy.
cecopexy
Operative anchoring of a movable cecum. SYN: cecofixation, typhlopexy, typhlopexia. [ceco- + G. pexis, fixation]
cecoplication
Operative reduction in size of a dilated cecum by the formation of folds or tucks in its wall. [ceco- + L. plico, pp. -atus, to fold]
cecorrhaphy
Suture of the cecum. SYN: typhlorrhaphy. [ceco- + G. rhaphe, suture]
cecosigmoidostomy
Formation of a communication between the cecum and the sigmoid colon.
cecostomy
Operative formation of a cecal fistula. SYN: typhlostomy. [ceco- + G. stoma, mouth]
cecotomy
Incision into the cecum. SYN: typhlotomy. [ceco- + G. tome, incision]
cecoureterocele
A ureterocele that extends far along the urethra, sometimes even out the urethral meatus.
cecropins
Antibacterial peptides consisting of two amphipathic α-helix components.
Cecum
The cecum (also spelled caecum), the first portion of the large bowel, situated in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen. The cecum receives fecal material from the small ...
cedar leaf oil
Oil obtained by steam distillation from the fresh leaves of Thuja occidentalis; used as an insect repellent and counterirritant, and in perfumery. SYN: thuja oil.
cedar wood oil
Volatile oil obtained from the wood of Juniperus virginiana (family Pinaceae); used as an insect repellent, in perfumery, and as a clearing agent in microscopy.
Cedecea
A genus in the Enterobacteriaceae group that includes the species C. davisae, (the type strain), c. lapagei, and C. neteri; they have been recovered from the human respiratory ...
Ceelen
Wilhelm, 1884–1964. See C.- Gellerstedt syndrome.
cefaclor
A semisynthetic broad spectrum antibiotic derived from cephalosporin C; used orally.
cefadroxil
A semisynthetic broad spectrum antibiotic derived from cephalosporin C; used orally.
cefamandole nafate
A semisynthetic broad spectrum antibiotic derived from cephalosporin C; used by injection.
cefazolin
A broad spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of serious infections; available as the sodium salt for intramuscular or intravenous administration.
cefonicid disodium
A broad-spectrum long acting cephalosporin antibiotic structurally related to cefamandole.
cefoperazone sodium
A semisynthetic piperazine-cephalosporin antibiotic.
ceforanide
A broad-spectrum long-acting cephalosporin antibiotic.
cefotaxime sodium
A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic.
cefotetan disodium
A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic.
cefoxitin sodium
A semisynthetic antibiotic derived from cephamycin C, but structurally and pharmacologically similar to the cephalosporins; used by injection.
ceftazidime sodium
A cephalosporin antibiotic especially effective against enterobacteria and species of Pseudomonas.
ceftizoxime sodium
A broad spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic similar to cefotaxime sodium.
ceftriaxone disodium
A semisynthetic parenteral cephalosporin antibiotic.
cel
A unit of velocity; 1 cm per second. [L. celer, swift]
celenteron
SYN: primitive gut. [G. koilos, hollow, + enteron, intestine]
celery seed
The dried ripe fruit of Apium graveolens (family Umbelliferae); has been used in dysmenorrhea and as a sedative.
Celestin
Felix, French physician, *1900. See C. tube.
celestine blue B
A dye recommended as a substitute for hematoxylin when it is unavailable.
celiac
Relating to the abdominal cavity. [G. koilia, belly]
Celiac sprue
A result of an immune reaction to gluten, a protein found in wheat or related grains and present in many foods that we eat. Celiac sprue causes impaired absorption and digestion ...
celiagra
Rarely used term for sudden painful affection of the stomach or other abdominal organs. [G. koilia, belly, + agra, seizure]
celio-
The abdomen. SEE ALSO: celo- (3). [G. koilia, belly]
celiocentesis
Rarely used term for paracentesis of the abdomen. [ celio- + G. kentesis, puncture]
celiomyalgia
Rarely used term for pain in the abdominal muscles. [ celio- + G. mys, muscle, + algos, pain]
celiomyositis
Inflammation of the abdominal muscles. [ celio- + G. mys, muscle, + -itis, inflammation]
celioparacentesis
Rarely used term for paracentesis of the abdomen. [ celio- + G. parakentesis, a puncture for dropsy]
celiopathy
Rarely used term for any abdominal disease. [ celio- + G. pathos, disease]
celiorrhaphy
Suture of a wound in the abdominal wall. SYN: laparorrhaphy. [ celio- + G. rhaphe, seam]
celioscopy
SYN: peritoneoscopy. [ celio- + G. skopeo, to view]
celiotomy
Transabdominal incision into the peritoneal cavity. SYN: abdominal section, laparotomy (2), ventrotomy. [ celio- + G. tome, incision] - vaginal c. opening the peritoneal cavity ...
celitis
Any inflammation of the abdomen. [G. koilia, belly, + -itis, inflammation]
Cell
The basic structural and functional unit in people and all living things. Each cell is a small container of chemicals and water wrapped in a membrane. Each cell in the human body ...
Cell cloning
The process of producing a group of cells (clones), all genetically identical, from a single ancestral cell.
Cell cycle
The sequence of events within the cell between cell divisions. The cell cycle is conventionally divided into the following phases: {{}}G0 (G zero, the G standing for gap) G1, (G ...
Cell sorter, fluorescence-activated
A flow cytometer (a scientific instrument used to measure the characteristics of individual cells) that is modified for the purpose of separating (sorting) cells based on the ...
Cell, cone
A type of specialized light-sensitive cell (photoreceptor) in the retina of the eye that provide sharp central vision and color vision. By contrast, the rods are retinal ...
Cell, fat
A cell containing fat. Also called an adipocyte. A fat cell, or adipocyte, is a connective tissue cell that has differentiated and become specialized in the synthesis ...
Cell, helper
A type of T cell that participates in the immune response by recognizing foreign antigens and secreting substances called cytokines that activate T and B cells. Helper cells fall ...
Cell, plasma
A type of white blood cell that produces and secretes antibodies. A plasma cell is a fully differentiated lymphocyte in the B-cell (not the T-cell) lineage. As with most cell ...
Cell, rod
A type of specialized light-sensitive cell (photoreceptor) in the retina of the eye that provides side vision and the ability to see objects in dim light (night vision). By ...
Cell, stem
An ancestral cell, the most primitive type of cell. Stem cells are relatively unspecialized (undifferentiated) cells that are characteristically of the same family type ...
Cell, totipotent
A cell with the capacity to form an entire organism. Human development begins when a sperm fertilizes an egg and creates a single totipotent cell. In the first hours after ...
cella
A room or cell. [L. storeroom, or compartment] - c. media SYN: pars centralis ventriculi lateralis.
cellicolous
Living within cells. [L. cella, cells, + colo, to abide in]
cellobiase
SYN: β-d-glucosidase.
cellobiose
A disaccharide obtained from cellulose and lichenin; a glucose-β(1→4)-glucoside, differing only from maltose in the nature of the glycosidic bond.
cellohexose
SYN: d-glucose.
celloidin
A solution of pyroxylin in ether and alcohol, used for embedding histologic specimens.
cellon
SYN: tetrachloroethane.
cellona
A cellulose bandage impregnated with plaster of Paris.
Cells, germ
The eggs and sperm are the germ cells: the reproductive cells. Each mature germ cell is haploid in that it has a single set of 23 chromosomes containing half the usual amount of ...
Cells, reproductive
The eggs and sperm are the reproductive cells. Each mature reproductive cell is haploid in that it has a single set of 23 chromosomes containing half the usual amount of DNA. ...
cellula
1. [NA] In gross anatomy, a small but macroscopic compartment. SYN: cellule. 2. In histology, a cell. [L. a small chamber, dim. of cella] - cellulae coli SYN: haustra of ...
cellular
1. Relating to, derived from, or composed of cells. 2. Having numerous compartments or interstices. [L. cellula, dim. of cella, storeroom]
cellularity
The degree, quality, or condition of cells that are present.
cellulase
Endo-1,4-β-glucase; an enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of 1,4-β-glucoside links in cellulose, lichenin, and other β-d-glucans; found in a variety of microorganisms in soil ...
cellule
SYN: cellula (1).
cellulicidal
Destructive to cells. [cellula + L. caedo, to kill]
cellulifugal
Moving from, or extending in a direction away from, a cell or cell body; denoting certain cells repelled by other cells, or processes extending from the body of a cell. [cellula + ...
cellulin
SYN: cellulose.
cellulipetal
Moving toward, or extending in a direction toward, a cell or cell body. [cellula + L. peto, to seek]
Cellulite
Popular term for deposits of fat that have a cottage cheese-like or puckered texture. Medically, cellulite is not * * * 1. Colloquial term for deposits of fat and fibrous tissue ...
cellulitis
Inflammation of subcutaneous, loose connective tissue (formerly called cellular tissue). - acute scalp c. deep inflammation of the scalp without suppuration. - anaerobic c. ...
cellulosan
SYN: hemicellulose.
cellulose
A linear B1→4 glucan, composed of cellobiose residues, differing in this respect from starch, which is comprised of maltose residues; it forms the basis of vegetable and wood ...
cellulosic acid
See oxidized cellulose.
celo-
1. The celom. [G. koiloma, hollow (celom)] 2. Hernia. [G. kele, hernia] 3. The abdomen. SEE ALSO: celio-. [G. koilia, belly]
celom, celoma
1. The cavity between the splanchnic and somatic mesoderm in the embryo. 2. SYN: body cavity. [G. koiloma, a hollow] - extraembryonic c. that portion of the c. that extends ...
celomic
Relating to the body cavity.
celophlebitis
Inflammation of a vena cava. SYN: cavitis. [G. koilos, hollow, + phlebitis]
celoscope
Rarely used term for an optic device for examining the interior of a body cavity. [G. koilos, hollow, + skopeo, to view]
celoscopy
Rarely used term for examination of any body cavity with an optical instrument.
celosomia
Congenital protrusion of the abdominal or thoracic viscera, usually with a defect of the sternum and ribs as well as of the abdominal walls. SYN: kelosomia. [G. kele, hernia, + ...
Celovirus
An adenovirus found in chickens.
celozoic
Inhabiting any of the cavities of the body; applied to certain parasitic protozoa, chiefly gregarines. [G. koilos, hollow, + zoikos, pertaining to animals]
Celsius
Anders, Swedish astronomer, 1701–1744. See C. scale. See C. scale.
cement
1. A layer of bonelike mineralized tissue covering the dentin of the root and neck of a tooth that serves to anchor the fibers of the periodontal ligament. SYN: cementum [TA], ...
cementation
1. The process of attaching parts by means of a cement. 2. In dentistry, attaching a restoration to natural teeth by means of a cement.
cementicle
A calcified spherical body, composed of cementum lying free within the periodontal membrane, attached to the cementum or imbedded within it.
cementification
Metaplastic production of cementum or cementoid within a less differentiated connective tissue, e.g., c. of a fibroma.
Cemento-ossifying fibroma
A hard fibrous growth that continues to enlarge, sometimes to very significant size, unless treated, most frequently seen in the jaw or mouth, sometimes in connection with a ...
cementoblast
A cell of mesenchymal origin concerned with the formation of the layer of cementum on the roots of teeth. [L. cementum, cement, + G. blastos, germ]
cementoblastoma
A benign odontogenic tumor of functional cementoblasts; it appears as a mixed radiolucent-radiopaque lesion attached to a tooth root and may cause expansion of the bone cortex or ...
cementoclasia
Destruction of cementum by cementoclasts. [L. cementum, cement, + G. klasis, fracture]
cementoclast
One of the multinucleated giant cells, identical with osteoclasts, that are associated with the resorption of cementum. [L. cementum, cement, + G. klastos, broken]
cementocyte
An osteocyte-like cell with numerous processes, trapped in a lacuna in the cementum of the tooth. [L. cementum, cement, + G. kytos, cell]
cementodentinal
SYN: dentinocemental.
cementogenesis
The development of the cementum over the root dentin of a tooth. [ cementum + G. genesis, production]
cementoma
Nonspecific term referring to any benign cementum-producing tumor; four types are recognized: 1) periapical cemental dysplasia, 2) central ossifying fibroma, 3) ...
cementum
SYN: cement (1). [L. caementum, rough quarry stone, fr. caedo, to cut] - afibrillar c. c. which, with the electron microscope, appears as laminated, electron-dense reticular ...
cenesthesia
The general sense of bodily existence; the sensation caused by the functioning of the internal organs. SYN: coenesthesia. [G. koinos, common, + aisthesis, sensation]
cenesthesic, cenesthetic
Relating to cenesthesia.
ceno-
1. Shared in common. [G. koinos, common] 2. New, fresh. [G. kainos, new] 3. Emptiness (rare). SEE ALSO: coeno-. [G. kenos, empty]
cenocyte
A multinucleate cell or hypha without cross walls, characteristic of the hyphae of zygomycetes. SEE ALSO: nonseptate mycelium. SYN: coenocyte. [G. koinos, common, + kytos, ...
cenocytic
Pertaining to or having characteristics of a cenocyte. SYN: coenocytic.
cenosite
A facultative commensal organism; one that can sustain itself apart from its usual host. [G. koinos, common, + sitos, food]
cenotrope
A scientifically more accurate term than the earlier “instinct”, denoting the behavior pattern shown by all members of a large group having the same biologic equipment and ...
censor
In psychoanalytic theory, the psychic barrier that prevents certain unconscious thoughts and wishes from coming to consciousness unless they are so cloaked or disguised as to ...
censoring
In epidemiology, (1) Loss of subjects from a follow-up study for unknown reasons. (2) Observations with unknown values from one end of a frequency distribution, beyond a ...
census
An enumeration of a population, originally for taxation and military purposes, now with many other purposes; basic facts about all persons—age, sex, occupation, nature of ...
center
1. The middle point of a body; loosely, the interior of a body. A c. of any kind, especially an anatomical c.. 2. A group of nerve cells governing a specific function. SYN: ...
Center, trauma
A specialized facility in a hospital that is designed to provide diagnostic and treatment services for trauma patients with physical injuries. Traumatology is the branch of ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The US agency charged with tracking and investigating public health trends. The stated mission of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, commonly called the CDC, is ...
centesis
Puncture, especially when used as a suffix, as in paracentesis. [G. kentesis, puncture, fr. kenteo, to prick, pierce]
centi-
Prefix used in the SI and metric systems to signify one hundredth (10−2). [L. centum, one hundred]
centibar
One hundredth of a bar.
Centigrade
Thermometer scale in which the freezing point of water is 0°C and the boiling point of water at sea level is 100°C. The Centigrade scale is used around most of the world to ...
centigram
One hundredth of a gram; 0.15432358 grain.
centile
One-hundredth. See quantile. [L. centum, one hundred, + -ilis, adj. suffix]
centiliter
10 mL; one hundredth of a liter; 162.3073 minims (U.S.).
centimeter
One hundredth of a meter; 0.3937008 inch. - cubic c. (cc, c.c.) one thousandth of a liter; 1 mL.
Centimeter (cm)
A unit of measure in the metric system which is 1/100'th of a meter. There are 2.54 centimeters (cms) in one inch. The centimeter is commonly used in medicine to state the size ...
centimorgan
See morgan.
Centimorgan (cM)
A unit of measure of genetic recombination frequency. One cM is equal to a 1% chance that a marker at one genetic locus will be separated from a marker at another locus due to ...
centinormal
One-hundredth normal; denoting the concentration of a solution.
centipede
A venomous predatory arthropod of the order Chilopoda, characterized by one pair of legs per leg-bearing segment. The venom is injected through the first pair of leglike ...
centipoise
One hundredth of a poise.
centra
Plural of centrum.
centrad
1. Toward the center. 2. A unit of measurement of the refracting strength of a prism; it corresponds to the deviation of a ray of light, the arc of which is 1/100 of the radius ...
centrage
The condition in which the optical centers of all the reflecting and refracting surfaces of an optical system are on the same axis.
Central
At or near the center. In anatomy and medicine (as elsewhere), central is the opposite of "peripheral" which means away from the center. The word "peripheral" comes from the Greek ...
Central auditory processing disorder
A condition in which there is an inability to differentiate, recognize or understand sounds while both the hearing and intelligence are normal. (In technical terms, a central ...
Central catheter
A catheter (a tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium ...
Central core disease of muscle (CCD)
One of the conditions that produces ‘floppy baby’ syndrome. CCD causes hypotonia (floppiness) in the newborn baby, slowly progressive muscle weakness, and muscle cramps ...
Central fovea
A tiny pit located in the macula (an area in the retina where vision is keen) that provides the clearest vision of all. Why? Because here and only here are the layers of the ...
Central line
A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of ...
Central nervous system (CNS)
The central nervous system is that part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord. The central nervous system (CNS) is one of the two major divisions of the ...
Central retinal artery
The blood vessel that carries blood into the eye and supplies nutrition to the retina. The counterpart to the central retinal artery is the central retinal vein, the vessel that ...
Central retinal vein
The blood vessel that carries blood away from the retina of the eye. The counterpart to the central retinal vein is the central retinal artery, the blood vessel that carries ...
Central venous catheter
A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of ...
Central venous line
A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of ...
Central vision
: Central vision involves the macula in the center of the retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye. As we read, light is focused onto our macula. There, ...
centralis
Central; in the center. [L.]
centre médian de Luys
SYN: centromedian nucleus. [Fr.]
centrencephalic
Relating to the center of the encephalon.
centri-
Combining form denoting center.
centric
Having a center (of a specific kind or number) or having a specific thing as its center (of interest, focus, etc.). [G. kentron, center]
Centric-fusion translocation
A type of chromosome rearrangement, also called a Robertsonian translocation, in which there is fusion of an entire long arm of one acrocentric chromosome with a similarly ...
centriciput
The central portion of the upper surface of the skull, between the occiput and the sinciput. [L. centrum, center, + caput, head]
centrifugal
1. Denoting the direction of the force pulling an object outward (away) from an axis of rotation. 2. Sometimes, by analogy, extended to describe any movement away from a center. ...
centrifugalization
SYN: centrifugation.
centrifugalize
SYN: centrifuge (2).
centrifugation
Subjection to sedimentation, by means of a centrifuge, of solids suspended in a fluid. SYN: centrifugalization. - band c. SYN: density gradient c.. - density gradient c. ...
centrifuge
1. An apparatus by means of which particles in suspension in a fluid are separated by spinning the fluid, the centrifugal force throwing the particles to the periphery of the ...
centrilobular
At or near the center of a lobule, e.g., of the liver.
centriole
Tubular structures, 150 nm by 300 to 500 nm, with a wall having 9 triple microtubules, usually seen as paired organelles lying in the cytocentrum; centrioles may be multiple and ...
centripetal
1. SYN: afferent. 2. Denoting the direction of the force pulling an object toward an axis of rotation. SYN: axipetal. [L. centrum, center, + peto, to seek]
centro-
Combining form denoting center. [G. kentron]
centroblast
A lymphocyte with a large non-cleaved nucleus. [ centro- + G. blastos, germ]
Centrocestus
A genus of extremely small fish-borne flukes (family Heterophyidae) that may produce intestinal lesions similar to those caused by Heterophyes heterophyes. C. formosana has been ...
centrocyte
1. A cell whose protoplasm contains single and double granules of varying size stainable with hematoxylin; seen in lesions of lichen planus. SYN: Lipschütz cell. 2. A ...
centrokinesia
Movement excited by a stimulus of central origin. [ centro- + G. kinesis, movement]
centrokinetic
1. Relating to centrokinesia. 2. SYN: excitomotor.
centrolecithal
Denoting an ovum in which the deutoplasm accumulates centrally. [ centro- + G. lekithos, yolk]
Centromere
The cinched " waist" of the chromosome essential for the division and the retention of the chromosome in the cell. The centromere is a uniquely specialized region of the ...
centroplasm
The substance of the cytocentrum. [ centro- + G. plasma, thing formed]
centrosome
SYN: cytocentrum. [ centro- + G. soma, body]
centrosphere
The specialized, often gelated cytoplasm of the cytocentrum. Contains the centrioles from which the astral fibers (microtubules) extend during mitosis. SYN: astrocele, ...
centrostaltic
Relating to the center of motion. [ centro- + G. stallein, set forth, fetch]
centrum
SYN: center. [L. fr. G. kentron] - c. medianum SYN: centromedian nucleus. - c. medullare SYN: c. semiovale. - c. ossificationis [TA] SYN: center of ossification. - c. ...
Centruroides
A genus of North American scorpions, the commonest species of which are C. gracilis, the margarite scorpion; C. vittatus, the stripe-back scorpion; and C. sculpturatus, the ...
centum
One hundred. [L. one hundred]
cenuris, coenuris
A tapeworm bladderworm with multiple inverted scoleces attached to the inner germinative layer; produced by taeniid cestodes of the genus Multiceps, typically found in the ...
cenurosis, cenuriasis
Disease produced by the presence of a cenuris cyst that, in sheep, causes a brain infection known as “gid” for the giddy gait induced in the infected animal; human c. has ...
CEPH
The Centre d’Etudes du Polymorphisme Humain (CEPH), an internationally renowned research laboratory created in Paris in 1984 by Professor Jean Dausset (Nobel Prize, Medicine ...
cephaeline
An alkaloid of ipecac; an emetic and amebicide.
cerea flexibilitas
“Waxy flexibility,” in which the limb remains where placed; often seen in catatonia. [L.]
cerebellar
Relating to the cerebellum.
cerebellin
A cerebellum-specific hexadecapeptide localized in the perikarya and dendrites of cerebellar Purkinje cells; used as a marker for Purkinje cell maturation studies of neural ...
cerebellitis
Obsolete term for inflammation of the cerebellum.
cerebello-
The cerebellum. [L. cerebrum, brain, + -ellum, dim. suff.]
cerebello-olivary
Relating to the connections of the cerebellum with the inferior olive.
cerebellolental
Relating to the cerebellum and the lens of the eye.
cerebellomedullary
Relating to the cerebellum and the medulla oblongata.
cerebellopontine
Relating to the cerebellum and the pons; denoting especially the c. recess or angle between these two structures.
cerebellorubral
Relating to the connections of the cerebellum with the red nucleus. [ cerebello- + L. ruber, red]
Cerebellum
: The portion of the brain in the back of the head between the cerebrum and the brain stem. * * * The large posterior brain mass lying dorsal to the pons and medulla and ventral ...
cerebr-
See cerebro-.
Cerebral
Pertaining to the brain, the cerebrum or the intellect. The word "cerebral" was borrowed directly from the French "cérébral" which was derived from " cerebrum" (Latin for the ...
Cerebral aneurysm
A localized widening of a vessel within the brain. See: Berry aneurysm. .
Cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE)
Gas bubbles traveling and lodging (embolizing) in the arteries that supply the brain with blood (and oxygen). Gas emboli in the brain can lead to a stroke-like condition with ...
Cerebral calcification, nonarteriosclerotic
This syndrome described in 1930 by T. Fahr is a genetic (inherited) neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in certain of areas of the brain ...
Cerebral cortex
The outer portion of the cerebrum, a key part of the brain, consisting of layers of nerve cells and the nerve pathways that connect them. The cerebral cortex is responsible for ...
Cerebral fornix
An arching fibrous band in the brain connecting the two lobes of the cerebrum. (The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain and consists of two hemispheres separated by a deep ...
Cerebral hemispheres
: The two halves of the cerebrum, the largest part of the brain.
Cerebral ventricle
One of a system of four communicating cavities within the brain that are continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord. The four ventricles consist of the two lateral ...
cerebration
Activity of the mental processes; thinking. SEE ALSO: mentation, cognition.
cerebri-
See cerebro-.
cerebriform
Resembling the external fissures and convolutions of the brain. [ cerebri- + L. forma, shape, appearance, nature]
cerebritis
Focal inflammatory infiltrates in the brain parenchyma. - suppurative c. inflammation (phlegmon) of the brain with suppuration.
cerebro-, cerebr-, cerebri-
The cerebrum. SEE ALSO: encephalo-. [L. cerebrum, brain]
cerebrocuprein
SYN: cytocuprein.
Cerebrohepatorenal syndrome
A genetic disorder, which is also called the Zellweger syndrome, characterized by the reduction or absence of peroxisomes (cell structures that rid the body of toxic substances) ...
cerebroma
SYN: encephaloma.
cerebromalacia
SYN: encephalomalacia.
cerebromeningitis
SYN: meningoencephalitis.
cerebron
SYN: phrenosin.
cerebronic acid
A constituent of brain cerebrosides and other glycolipids. SYN: phrenosinic acid.
cerebropathia
SYN: encephalopathy.
cerebropathy
SYN: encephalopathy.
cerebrophysiology
The physiology of the cerebrum.
cerebrosclerosis
Encephalosclerosis, hardening of the cerebral hemispheres. [cerebro- + G. sklerosis, hardening]
cerebroside
A class of glycosphingolipid; specifically, a monoglycosylceramide (ceramide monosaccharide), the sugar being attached to the —CHOH— moiety of the sphingoid. Cerebrosides ...
cerebrosidosis
A lipidosis as in Gaucher disease.
cerebrospinal
Relating to the brain and the spinal cord. SYN: encephalorrhachidian, encephalospinal.
Cerebrospinal fluid
: The watery fluid that fills the spaces in and around the brain and spinal cord. Also called CSF.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
A watery fluid, continuously produced and absorbed, which flows in the ventricles (cavities) within the brain and around the surface of the brain and spinal cord. The CSF is ...
cerebrosterol
A hydroxylated cholesterol found in the brain and spinal cord.
cerebrotomy
Incision of the brain. [cerebro- + G. tome, incision]
cerebrovascular
Relating to the blood supply to the brain, particularly with reference to pathologic changes.
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A CVA is also referred ...
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) prevention
In many cases, a person may have a transient ischemic attack (TIA), a neurological event with the symptoms of a stroke, but the symptoms go away within a short period of time. ...
Cerebrovascular ferrocalcinosis
A condition, first described in 1930 by T. Fahr and therefore called Fahr syndrome, that is a genetic (inherited) neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of ...
Cerebrum
The largest part of the brain. It is divided into two hemispheres, or halves. The word "cerebrum" is the Latin word for "brain." The Romans used the same word to refer to the ...
cerecloth
Gauze or cheese cloth impregnated with wax containing an antiseptic; used in surgical dressings. [L. cera, wax]

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