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Слова на букву chem-culi (2629)

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Chemokine receptor
A molecule that receives a chemokine and a chemokine dock. A chemokine is a protein that acts as a lure. Chemokines are involved in inflammation, cancer, and infectious ...
chemokines
Several groups composed of usually 8–10 kD polypeptide cytokines that are chemokinetic and chemotactic stimulating leukocyte movement and attraction. SYN: intercrines. ...
Chemokinesis
The response of a cell to a chemical that causes the cell to make some kind of change in its movement by speeding it up, slowing it down or changing its direction. The molecules ...
chemokinetic
Referring to chemokinesis.
chemolithotroph
SYN: chemoautotroph.
chemolithotrophic
SYN: chemoautotrophic.
chemolithotrophy
The utilization of inorganic compounds or ions to obtain reducing equivalents and energy. [chemo- + G. lithos, stone, mineral, + trophe, nourishment]
chemoluminescence
SYN: chemiluminescence.
chemolysis
Chemical decomposition. [chemo- + G. lysis, dissolution]
chemonucleolysis
Injection of chymopapain into the nucleus pulposus of an intervertebral disk. A therapeutic option for the treatment of a herniated nucleus pulposis, e.g., “slipped disk.” ...
chemoorganotroph
An organism that depends on organic chemicals for its energy and carbon. SYN: chemoheterotroph. [chemo- + G. organon, organ, + trophe, nourishment]
chemoorganotrophic
Pertaining to a chemoorganotroph. SYN: chemoheterotrophic.
chemopallidectomy
Destruction of the globus pallidus by injection of a chemical agent. SYN: chemopallidotomy. [chemo- + globus pallidus + G. ektome, excision]
chemopallidothalamectomy
Destruction of portions of the globus pallidus and thalamus by injection of a chemical substance. [chemo- + globus pallidus + thalamus + G. ektome, excision]
chemopallidotomy
SYN: chemopallidectomy. [chemo- + globus pallidus + G. tome, incision]
Chemoprevention
: The use of natural or laboratory-made substances to prevent cancer. * * * The use of drugs or other agents to inhibit the development or progression of malignant changes in ...
chemoprophylaxis
Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs.
chemoreception
The ability to perceive chemicals in the environment that are odorants or tastants. SYN: chemosensation.
chemoreceptive
Relating to chemoreception.
chemoreceptor
Any cell that is activated by a change in its chemical milieu and results in a nerve impulse. Such cells can be either 1) “transducer” cells innervated by sensory nerve ...
chemoreflex
A reflex initiated by the stimulation of chemoreceptors, e.g., of a carotid body.
chemoresistance
The resistance of bacteria or malignant cells to the inhibiting action of certain chemical substances used in treatment.
chemoresponse
A reaction to chemical stimulation.
chemosensation
SYN: chemoreception.
chemosensitive
Capable of perceiving changes in the chemical composition of the environment, e.g., changes in the oxygen and carbon dioxide content of the blood.
chemoserotherapy
An obsolete treatment of disease with a combination of drugs and serum.
Chemosis
Swelling around the iris (the colored circle that surrounds the pupil) due to edema (swelling) of the bulbar conjunctiva (the clear membrane that coats the outer surface of the ...
chemosmosis
Chemical reaction between substances initially separated by a membrane. [ chem- + G. osmos, a thrusting, an impulsion]
chemostat
A fermenter for microbial growth in which the ratio of growth to synthesis of secondary products is controlled by the rate at which new medium is added to the culture.
chemosurgery
Excision of diseased tissue after it has been fixed in situ by chemical means. - Mohs c. a technique for removal of skin tumors with a minimum of normal tissue, by prior ...
chemosynthesis
1. Chemical synthesis. 2. Chemolithotrophy.
chemotactic
Relating to chemotaxis.
chemotaxis
1. Movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals, whereby the cells are attracted (positive c.) or repelled (negative c.) by substances exhibiting chemical properties. ...
chemothalamectomy
Chemical destruction of a part of the thalamus, usually for relief of pain or dyskinesia. SYN: chemothalamotomy. [chemo- + thalamus, + G. ektome, excision]
chemothalamotomy
SYN: chemothalamectomy.
chemotherapeutic
Relating to chemotherapy.
chemotherapeutics
The branch of therapeutics concerned with chemotherapy.
chemotherapy
Treatment of disease by means of chemical substances or drugs; usually used in reference to neoplastic disease. SEE ALSO: pharmacotherapy. - adjuvant c. c. given in addition to ...
Chemotherapy, adjuvant
Chemotherapy (drug therapy) that is given after tumor surgery. The idea underpinning adjuvant chemotherapy is that the toxic drugs are more effective after the main tumor has ...
chemotic
Relating to chemosis.
chemotransmitter
A chemical substance produced to diffuse across the space between cells ( synapse) and cause responses of neurons or effector cells.
chemotroph
An organism that obtains its energy by the oxidation of inorganic or organic nutrients ( i.e., exogenous chemical sources).
chemotropism
SYN: chemotaxis. [chemo- + G. tropos, direction, turn]
Chenais
Louis J., French physician, 1872–1950. See Cestan-C. syndrome.
Cheney
William D., U.S. radiologist, *1918. See C. syndrome.
chenodeoxycholic acid
A major bile acid in many vertebrates, usually conjugated with glycine or taurine, which facilitates cholesterol excretion and fat absorption; administered to dissolve ...
chenodiol
SYN: chenodeoxycholic acid.
chenopodium
The dried ripe fruit of C. ambrosoides (family Chenopodiaceae), American wormwood, from which a volatile oil is distilled and used as an anthelmintic. SYN: Jesuit tea, Mexican ...
Cherenkov
See Cerenkov.
cherry juice
The juice expressed from the fresh ripe fruit of Prunus cerasus, containing not less than 1.0% of malic acid; used as a flavoring agent, and as a vehicle for cough syrups and ...
Cherubism
A genetic disorder of childhood that leads to prominence of the lower face and an appearance reminiscent of the cherubs portrayed in Renaissance art. Cherubism is due to a ...
chest
The anterior wall of the thorax. SEE ALSO: thorax. SYN: pectus. [A.S. cest, a box] - alar c. SYN: flat c.. - barrel c. a c. permanently resembling the shape of a barrel, i.e., ...
Chest film
Most common X-ray used to detect abnormalities in or within the thoracic cage, such as the lungs, heart, aorta, and the bones of the chest. Extra metallic objects, such as jewelry ...
Chest pain
There are many causes of chest pain. One is angina which results from inadequate oxygen supply to the heart muscle. Angina can be caused by coronary artery disease or spasm of ...
Chest X-ray
Commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs, but can also detect abnormalities in the heart, aorta, and the bones of the thoracic area. Metallic objects, such as jewelry ...
Chewing tobacco
: Tobacco that is chewed, not smoked. A form of smokeless tobacco. Chewing tobacco and snuff are the two main forms of smokeless tobacco in use in the United States. The ...
Cheyne
John, Scottish physician, 1777–1836. See C.- Stokes psychosis, C.- Stokes respiration.
chi
1. The 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet, χ. 2. In chemistry, denotes the 22nd in a series. 3. Symbol for the dihedral angle between the α-carbon and the side chains of amino ...
chi-square
A statistical technique whereby variables are categorized to determine whether a distribution of scores is due to chance or experimental factors.
Chiari
Johann B., German obstetrician, 1817–1854. See C.- Frommel syndrome. Hans, German pathologist, 1851–1916. See Arnold-C. deformity, Arnold-C. malformation, Arnold-C. syndrome, ...
chiasm
1. An intersection or crossing of two lines. 2. [TA] In anatomy, a decussation or crossing of two fibrous bundles, such as tendins, nerves, or tracts. 3. In cytogenetics, the ...
chiasma
SYN: chiasm. [G. c., two crossing lines, fr. the letter chi, 3] - c. opticum [TA] SYN: optic chiasm. - c. tendinum [TA] SYN: tendinous chiasm of the digital tendons.
chiasmapexy
Surgical fixation of the optic chiasma. [G. chiasma, decussation, + pexis, fixation]
chiasmatic
Relating to a chiasm.
Chick-Martin test
See under test.
chickenpox
SYN: varicella.
Chickenpox (varicella) immunization
This vaccine prevents the common disease known as chickenpox (varicella zoster). While chickenpox is often considered a trivial illness, it can cause significant lost time on ...
Chickenpox rash
Chickenpox is characterized by a rash, often the first sign of the disease. The rash of chickenpox develops in crops with raised red spots arriving first, progressing to blisters ...
chicle
1. The partially evaporated viscous, milky juice from Manilkara zapotilla (sapotaceae), which is native to the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America. 2. A mixture of gutta ...
Chievitz
Johan H., Danish anatomist, 1850–1901. See C. layer, C. organ.
chigger
The six-legged larva of Trombicula species and other members of the family Trombiculidae; a bloodsucking stage of mites that includes the vectors of scrub typhus.
chigoe
Common name for Tunga penetrans.
chil-
See chilo-.
Chilaiditi
Demetrius, Austrian radiologist, *1883. See C. syndrome.
Chilblain
A cold injury which, while painful, causes little or no permanent impairment. It appears as red, swollen skin which is tender, hot to the touch, and may itch. This can worsen to ...
CHILD
See C. syndrome.
Child abuse
Child abuse is a very complex and dangerous set of problems that include child neglect and the physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of children. Although most people think first ...
Child abuse, emotional
Emotional child abuse is the third most frequently reported form of child abuse (after child neglect and physical child abuse), accounting 17% of all cases of child abuse. ...
Child abuse, physical
Next to child neglect, physical abuse is the second most frequently reported form of child abuse, accounting for 25% of all cases of child abuse. Physical child abuse is ...
Child abuse, psychological
Also known as emotional child abuse, this is the third most frequently reported form of child abuse (after child neglect and physical child abuse), accounting 17% of all ...
Child abuse, sexual
Child abuse comprises four basic types of mistreatment: child neglect, physical abuse of a child, emotional abuse of a child, and sexual abuse of a child. Sexual abuse is the ...
Child abuse, verbal
Also known as emotional child abuse, this is the third most frequently reported form of child abuse (after child neglect and physical child abuse), accounting 17% of all ...
Child development test
A test of the status of a newborn, an infant or young child as regards their developmental progress. One of the first tests was devised by the pioneering pediatrician and child ...
Child health
Child health is the purview of pediatrics. " Pediatrics is concerned with the health of infants, children and adolescents, their growth and development, and their opportunity to ...
Child Health and Human Development, National Institute of (NICHD)
One of the US National Institutes of Health, NICHD is in a sense the NIH for kids in that it is concerned with child health. The mission of the NICHD is, in formal terms, to ...
Child injury, mental
Also known as emotional child abuse, this is the third most frequently reported form of child abuse (after child neglect and physical child abuse), accounting 17% of all ...
Child neglect
Child neglect is the most frequently reported form of child abuse (60% of all cases) and the most lethal. Child neglect is the failure to provide for the shelter, safety, ...
childbearing
Pregnancy and parturition.
Childbed fever
Fever due to an infection usually of the placental site within the uterus. The fever is also called childbirth fever or puerperal fever. If the infection involves the ...
childbirth
The process of labor and delivery in the birth of a child. SEE ALSO: birth, accouchement. SYN: parturition.
Childbirth fever
Fever due to an infection usually of the placental site within the uterus. The fever is also called childbed fever or puerperal fever. If the infection involves the bloodstream, ...
Childhood
(1) The time for a boy or girl from birth until he or she is an adult. (2) The more circumscribed period of time from infancy to the onset of puberty. During childhood, the ...
Childhood ataxia with central nervous system hypomyelinization
An inherited brain disease that occurs mainly in children and follows a chronic progressive course with additional episodes of rapid deterioration following stress from febrile ...
Childhood translocation 11 leukemia
A new type of childhood leukemia in which a piece of chromosome 11 has been translocated (broken off and attached itself to another chromosome). Children with this type of ...
Children’s immunizations
In the United States, it is recommended that all children receive vaccination against: {{}}Hepatitis B Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB) ...
chill
1. A sensation of cold. 2. A feeling of cold with shivering or shaking and pallor, accompanied by an elevation of temperature in the interior of the body; usually a symptom of ...
chilo-, chil-
Lips. SEE ALSO: cheilo-. [G. cheilos, lip]
chilomastigiasis
Infection with protozoan flagellates of the genus Chilomastix, such as C. mesnili of the human cecum. SYN: chilomastosis.
Chilomastix
A genus of protozoan flagellates parasitic in the large intestine of humans and other primates, and in many other mammals, birds, amphibia, and reptiles; it is ordinarily ...
chilomastosis
SYN: chilomastigiasis.
Chilopoda
A class of centipedes (phylum Arthropoda). [chilo- + G. pous, foot]
chilopodiasis
Invasion of one of the cavities, especially the nasal cavity, by a species of Chilopoda.
Chimera
In medicine, a person composed of two genetically distinct types of cells. Human chimeras were first discovered with the advent of blood typing when it was found that some people ...
Chimeraplasty
A method of gene therapy based upon the use of a molecule called a chimeraplast, a synthetic blend of DNA and the related molecule RNA, to trick the patient's own cells to remedy ...
chimeric
1. Relating to a chimera. Cf.:mosaicism. 2. Composed of parts that are of different origin and are seemingly incompatible.
chimerism
The state of being a chimera.
chimpanzee
Generic name for the apes Pan panisus and P. troglodytes. [African dial.]
Chin
The frontal portion of the face at the mandible that contains the line of fusion of the two separate halves of the mandible (symphysis menti). This line of fusion encloses a ...
chiniofon
A mixture of 7-iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid and sodium bicarbonate, used in the treatment of amebic dysentery.
chinoleine
SYN: quinoline (1).
chip
A small fragment resulting from breakage, cutting, or avulsion. - bone chips small pieces of cancellous bone generally used to fill in bony defects and to promote reossification.
chip-blower
An instrument for blowing the debris out of, or drying, a tooth cavity that is being excavated for a filling; it consists of a rubber bulb with a metal nozzle.
chiral
Denoting an object, such as a molecule in a given configuration or conformation, that possesses chirality. A c. molecule has no plane, axis, or center of symmetry.
chirality
The property of nonidentity of an object with its mirror image; used in chemistry with respect to stereochemical isomers. [G. cheir, hand]
chirarthritis
SYN: cheirarthritis.
chiro-, chir-
The hand. SEE ALSO: cheiro-. [G. cheir, hand]
chirognostic
SYN: cheirognostic.
chirokinesthesia
SYN: cheirokinesthesia.
chiropodalgia
SYN: cheiropodalgia.
chiropodist
SYN: podiatrist. [chiro- + G. pous, foot]
chiropody
SYN: podiatry.
chiropompholyx
SYN: dyshidrosis.
Chiropractic
A system of diagnosis and treatment based on the concept that the nervous system coordinates all of the body’s functions, and that disease results from a lack of normal nerve ...
Chiropractor
Someone who practices chiropractic. Chiropractic defined as a system of diagnosis and treatment that is based upon the concept that the nervous system coordinates all of the ...
Chiropsalmus
A genus of the invertebrate phylum Cnidaria that includes the sea wasp. - C. quadrumanus the sea wasp, the most venomous jellyfish inhabiting the waters surrounding the ...
Chiroptera
The bats, an order of placental mammals of worldwide distribution, characterized by a modification of the forelimbs that enables them to fly. They are capable of emitting ...
chiroscope
A haploscopic instrument used for coordinating hand and eye as the patient draws while looking through it. [chiro- + G. skopeo, to view]
chirospasm
SYN: cheirospasm.
chirurg.
Abbreviation for L. chirurgicalis, surgical.
chirurgeon
Obsolete term for surgeon. [G. cheirourgos, fr. cheir, hand, + ergon, work]
chirurgery
Obsolete term for surgery. [G. cheirourgia]
chirurgical
Obsolete term for surgical. [L. surgical, fr. chirurgia, surgery, fr. G. cheirourgia, handicraft, fr. cheir, hand + ergon, work]
chisel
A single beveled end-cutting blade with a straight or angled shank used with a thrust along the axis of the handle for cutting or splitting dentin and enamel. - binangle c. a ...
chitin
A linear polymer of N-acetyl-d-glucosamine, linked β(1→4), similar in structure to cellulose and the second most abundant polysaccharide in nature, comprising the horny ...
chitinase
An enzyme catalyzing the random hydrolysis of β(1→4) linkages in chitin (ultimately releasing N-acetyl-d-glucosamine); some enzymes of this type display lysozyme activity. ...
chitinous
Of or relating to chitin.
chitobiose
The disaccharide repeating unit in chitin; differs from cellobiose only in the presence of an N-acetylamino group on carbon-2 in place of the hydroxyl group. However, the ...
chitosamine
d-Glucosamine. See glucosamine.
chiufa
An acute gangrenous proctitis and colitis with high fever, seen in southern Africa and South America at high altitudes; in women, the vulva and vagina may be affected. SYN: ...
CHL
Abbreviation for crown-heel length.
Chlamydia
A type of bacteria that causes an infection very similar to gonorrhea in the way that it is spread, the symptoms it produces, and the long-term consequences. Like gonorrhea, ...
Chlamydia trachomatis
A bacterium that causes a disease called trachoma that results in blindness so frequently that it places a huge burden a year on world health funding ($25 billion in the year ...
Chlamydiaceae
A family of the order Chlamydiales (formerly included in the order Rickettsiales) that includes the agents of the psittacosis-lymphogranuloma-trachoma group. The family contains ...
chlamydial
Relating to or caused by any bacterium of the genus Chlamydia.
chlamydiosis
General term for diseases caused by Chlamydia species. SEE ALSO: ornithosis, psittacosis.
chlamydoconidium
A thallic conidium that is thick-walled and may be terminal or intercalary. Seen in a form of asexual reproduction. [G. chlamys, cloak, + conidium]
Chlamydophrys
A genus of shelled amebas, commonly found as fecal protozoans. [G. chlamys, cloak, + ophrys, brow]
Chlamydozoon
SYN: Chlamydia.
chloasma
Melanoderma or melasma characterized by the occurrence of extensive brown patches of irregular shape and size on the skin of the face and elsewhere; the pigmented facial patches ...
chlophedianol hydrochloride
An antitussive agent related chemically to the antihistamines.
chlor-, chloro-
1. Combining form denoting green. 2. Combining form denoting association with chlorine. [G. chloros, green]
chloracetic acid
SYN: chloroacetic acid.
chloracne
An acnelike eruption due to occupational contact, by inhalation or ingestion or through the skin, with certain chlorinated compounds (naphthalenes and diphenyls) used as ...
chloral
A thin oily liquid with a pungent odor, formed by the action of chlorine gas on alcohol. SYN: anhydrous c.. - anhydrous c. SYN: c.. - c. betaine the adduct formed by c. ...
chloral alcoholate
A complex of chloral and ethanol. Prepared by refluxing trichloroacetaldehyde ( chloral) or chloral hydrate with alcohol. Alleged to be an active constituent of a "Mickey ...
chloralism
Habitual use of chloral compounds as an intoxicant, or the symptoms caused thereby.
chlorambucil
A nitrogen mustard derivative that depresses lymphocytic proliferation and maturation. SYN: chloraminophene, chloroambucil.
chloramine B
A nontoxic antiseptic substance used in wound irrigation as a substitute for chloramine T.
chloramine T
A nontoxic but strong antiseptic used in the irrigation of wounds and infected cavities. SYN: chlorazene.
chloraminophene
SYN: chlorambucil.
chloramiphene
SYN: clomiphene citrate.
chloramphenicol
An antibiotic originally obtained from Streptomyces venezuelae. It is effective against a number of pathogenic microorganisms including Staphylococcus aureus, Brucella abortus, ...
chlorate
A salt of chloric acid.
chlorazanil
A diuretic.
chlorazene
SYN: chloramine T.
chlorazol black E
An acid dye, used as a fat and general tissue stain, and to stain protozoa in fecal smears or in tissues.
chlorbenzoxamine
An anticholinergic agent. SYN: chlorbenzoxyethamine.
chlorbenzoxyethamine
SYN: chlorbenzoxamine.
chlorbetamide
An amebicide.
chlorbutol
SYN: chlorobutanol.
chlorcyclizine hydrochloride
An H1 antihistaminic agent.
chlordane
A chlorinated hydrocarbon used as an insecticide; it may be absorbed through the skin with resultant severe toxic effects: hyperexcitability of central nervous system, tremors, ...
chlordantoin
A topical antifungal agent.
chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride
The hydrochloride of 7-chloro-2-methylamino-5-phenyl-3H-1,4-benzodiazepine-4-oxide; an antianxiety agent. An early benzodiazepine.
chloremia
1. SYN: chlorosis. 2. SYN: hyperchloremia.
chlorethene homopolymer
SYN: polyvinyl chloride.
chlorguanide hydrochloride
SYN: chloroguanide hydrochloride.
chlorhexidine hydrochloride
A topical antiseptic.
chlorhydria
SYN: hyperchlorhydria.
chloric acid
An acid of pentavalent chlorine, HClO3, existing only in solution and as chlorates.
Chloride
The major anion found in the fluid outside of cells and in blood. An anion is the negatively charged part of certain substances such as table salt (sodium chloride or NaCl) when ...
chloridimetry
The process of determining the amount of chlorides in the blood or urine, or in other fluids.
chloridometer
An apparatus for determining the amount of chlorides in blood or urine, or other fluids.
chloriduria
SYN: chloruresis.
chlorin
2,3-Dihydroporphin(e); 2,3-dihydroporphyrin; one of the root structures of the chlorophylls (for structure, see porphyrin). Addition of the two-carbon bridge (see structure of ...
chlorinated
Having been treated with chlorine.
chlorindanol
A spermicide.
chlorine
1. A greenish, toxic, gaseous element; atomic no. 17, atomic wt. 35.4527; a halogen used as a disinfectant and bleaching agent in the form of hypochlorite or of c. water, ...
chlorine group
The halogens.
chloriodized
Containing both chlorine and iodine.
chloriodized oil
Chlorinated and iodized peanut oil formed by the chemical addition of iodine monochloride; formerly used for radiography of sinuses and bronchi. SYN: iodochlorol.
chloriodoquin
SYN: iodochlorhydroxyquin.
chlorisondamine chloride
A quaternary ammonium compound with ganglionic blocking action similar to, but more potent than, hexamethonium and pentolinium; was used in the management of severe ...
chlorite
A salt of chlorous acid; the radical ClO2−.
chlormadinone acetate
A progesterone derivative used in conjunction with estrogen as an oral contraceptive.
chlormerodrin
A mercurial diuretic chemically related to meralluride.
chlormezanone
A muscle relaxant and tranquilizing agent with pharmacologic actions and uses similar to those of meprobamate.
chloro-
See chlor-.
chloroacetic acid
An acetic acid in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms are replaced by chlorine. According to the number of atoms so displaced the acid is called monochloroacetic ...
chloroacetophenone
A lacrimatory gas; used in training and in riot control.
chloroambucil
SYN: chlorambucil.
chloroanemia
SYN: chlorosis.
chloroazodin
A bactericidal agent used as a surgical antiseptic.
chlorobutanol
A hypnotic sedative and local anesthetic; used chiefly in dermatologic preparations and as a preservative in multiple-dose vials for parenteral use. SYN: acetone chloroform, ...
chlorocresol
Used as an antiseptic and disinfectant; it is more active in acid than in alkaline solutions.
chlorocruorin
A greenish hemoglobin-like pigment found in certain worms; contains a porphyrin differing from protoporphyrin by a formyl group in place of the 2-vinyl group.
chloroethane
SYN: ethyl chloride.
chloroethylene
SYN: vinyl chloride.
Chloroform
A clear volatile liquid with a strong smell like ether, chloroform was once administered by inhalation to produce anesthesia and given as an analgesic (to relieve pain) and a ...
chloroformism
Habitual chloroform inhalation, or the symptoms caused thereby.
chloroguanide hydrochloride
An antimalarial drug. SYN: chlorguanide hydrochloride, proguanil hydrochloride.
chlorohemin
SYN: hemin.
chloroma
A condition characterized by the development of multiple localized green masses of abnormal cells (in most instances, myeloblasts), especially in relation to the periosteum of ...
chloromethane
A refrigerant with anesthetic properties when inhaled; it hydrolyzes to methanol. SYN: methyl chloride.
chlorometry
The measurement of chlorine content, or the use of analytical techniques involving the release or titration of chlorine.
chloropenia
A deficiency in chloride. [ chloro- + G. penia, poverty]
chloropercha
A solution of gutta-percha in chloroform, used in dentistry as an agent to lute gutta-percha filling material to the wall of a prepared root canal.
chlorophenol
One of several substitution products obtained by the action of chlorine on phenol; used as antiseptics.
chlorophenothane
SYN: dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane.
chlorophyll
The magnesium complex of the phorbin derivative found in photosynthetic organisms; light-absorbing green plant pigments that, in living plants, convert light energy into ...
chlorophyllase
A reversible hydrolyzing enzyme catalyzing the removal of the phytyl group from a chlorophyll, leaving a chlorophyllide. SYN: chlorophyll esterase.
chlorophyllide, chlorophyllid
That which remains of a chlorophyll molecule when the phytyl group is removed.
chloropicrin
A toxic lung irritant and lacrimatory gas; it also causes vomiting, colic, and diarrhea, and therefore is called vomiting gas. SYN: nitrochloroform.
chloroplast
A plant cell inclusion body containing chlorophyll; occurs in cells of leaves and young stems. Site of photosynthesis in higher plants. [ chloro- + G. plastos, formed]
chloroprednisone
A topical anti-inflammatory agent.
Chloroprene
A possible carcinogen (cancer-causing agent) primarily used in the production of the elastomer polychloroprene (neoprene). The US government in 2000 classified chloroprene as ...
chloroprocaine hydrochloride
A local anesthetic similar in action and use to procaine hydrochloride.
chloropsia
A condition in which objects appear to be colored green, as may occur in digitalis intoxication. SYN: green vision. [ chloro- + G. opsis, eyesight]
chloropyramine
An H1 antihistaminic agent.
chloroquine
An antimalarial agent used for the treatment and suppression of Plasmodium vivax, P. malariae, and P. falciparum; available as the phosphate and sulfate. It does not produce a ...
chlorosis
Rarely used term for a form of chronic hypochromic microcytic (iron deficiency) anemia, characterized by a great reduction in hemoglobin out of proportion to the decreased number ...
chlorothen citrate
An antihistaminic agent.
chlorothiazide
An orally effective diuretic inhibiting renal tubular reabsorption of sodium; used in the treatment of edema due to congestive heart failure, liver disease, pregnancy, ...
chlorothymol
An antibacterial for topical use. SYN: chlorthymol.
chlorotic
Pertaining to or having the characteristic features of chlorosis.
chlorotrianisene
A synthetic estrogen derived from stilbene, active by mouth.
chlorous
1. Relating to chlorine. 2. Denoting compounds of chlorine in which its valence is +3; e.g., c. acid.
chlorous acid
HClO2; an acid forming chlorites with bases.
chlorozotocin
A nitrogen mustard compound that is a chloroethylnitrosourea compound used in cancer chemotherapy; an antineoplastic.
chlorphenesin
A topical antifungal agent. - c. carbamate a skeletal muscle relaxant in which actions are exerted in the central nervous system.
chlorphenindione
An anticoagulant related chemically to phenindione.
chlorpheniramine maleate
An H1 antihistamine.
chlorphenol red
An acid-base indicator (MW 423, pK 6.0): yellow at pH values below 5.1, red above 6.7.
chlorphenoxamine
Used in the management of idiopathic, arteriosclerotic, and postencephalitic parkinsonism, usually with concomitant administration of other anti-parkinsonian agents.
chlorphentermine hydrochloride
A sympathomimetic amine used as an anorexiant; resembles amphetamine.
chlorproguanil hydrochloride
The 3,4-dichloro homologue of chloroguanide; used for causal prophylaxis and suppression of falciparum malaria.
chlorpromazine
A phenothiazine antipsychotic agent with antiemetic, antiadrenergic, and anticholinergic actions. - c. hydrochloride c. suitable for oral, intramuscular, and intravenous ...
chlorpropamide
An orally effective hypoglycemic agent related chemically and pharmacologically to tolbutamide; used in controlling hyperglycemia in selected patients with adult onset (type ...
chlorprothixene
An antipsychotic of the thioxanthene group; it also possesses antiemetic, adrenolytic, spasmolytic, and antihistaminic actions.
Chlorpyrifos
An insecticide that has adverse neurological effects. Also known as Dursban. Chlorpyrifos causes weakness, vomiting, diarrhea and other ill effects in children. It can also ...
chlorquinaldol
A keratoplastic, antibacterial, and antifungal agent used in the treatment of cutaneous bacterial and mycotic infections.
chlortetracycline
Active against a wide range of pathogenic microorganisms including hemolytic streptococci, staphylococci, typhoid bacilli, and brucellae, as well as against certain viruses. ...
chlorthalidone
An orally effective diuretic and antihypertensive agent, used in the treatment of edema associated with congestive heart failure, renal disease, hepatic cirrhosis, pregnancy, ...
chlorthenoxazin
An antipyretic and analgesic.
chlorthymol
SYN: chlorothymol.
chloruresis
The excretion of chloride in the urine. SYN: chloriduria, chloruria.
chloruretic
Relating to an agent that increases the excretion of chloride in the urine, or to such an effect.
chloruria
SYN: chloruresis.
chlorzoxazone
A centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant used in the treatment of painful muscle spasm due to musculoskeletal disorder.
choanae
The opening into the nasopharynx of the nasal cavity on either side. SYN: posterior nasal apertures, isthmus pharyngonasalis, posterior nares, postnaris. [Mod. L. fr. G. ...
choanal
Pertaining to a choana.
choanate
Having a funnel, i.e., with a ring or collar.
choanoflagellate
SYN: choanomastigote.
choanoid
Funnel-shaped. SYN: infundibuliform. [G. choane, funnel, + eidos, resemblance]
choanomastigote
A term, in the series used to describe developmental stages of the parasitic flagellates, denoting the “barleycorn” form of the flagellate in the genus Crithidia ...

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