Слова на букву chem-culi (2629) Medical dictionary
На главную О проекте Обратная связь Поддержать проектДобавить в избранное

  
EN-DE-FR →  Medical dictionary →  (2,4-ance anch-basi basi-chem chem-culi culi-dttp du b-extr extr-hemi hemi-inso insp-line line-metr metr-noe noem-pco pco -post post-retr retr-spas spas-tawa taxa-ulce ulce-℞


Слова на букву chem-culi (2629)

< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >>
Choanotaenia infundibulum
An important species of cosmopolitan tapeworm of fowls, occurring in the small intestine and transmitted by houseflies and stableflies; related to Dipylidium, the double-pored ...
Chodzko reflex
See under reflex.
choke
1. To prevent respiration by compression or obstruction of the larynx or trachea; common expression for laryngospasm. 2. Any obstruction of the esophagus in herbivorous animals ...
chokes
A manifestation of decompression sickness or altitude sickness characterized by dyspnea, coughing, and choking.
Choking (object in airway)
Partial or complete obstruction of the airway can be due to a foreign body (e.g., food, a bead, toy, etc.) The onset of respiratory distress may be sudden with cough. There is ...
chol-
See chole-.
cholagogic
SYN: cholagogue (2).
cholagogue
1. An agent that promotes the flow of bile into the intestine, especially as a result of contraction of the gallbladder. 2. Relating to such an agent or effect. SYN: cholagogic. ...
cholaic acid
SYN: taurocholic acid.
cholalic acid
SYN: cholic acid.
cholane, 5β-cholane
Parent hydrocarbon of the cholanic acid s ( cholic acids); androstane with a —CH(CH3)CH2CH2CH3 group in the 17 position. 5α-C. is sometimes called allocholane. For ...
cholaneresis
Increase in output of cholic acid or its conjugates. [cholane + G. hairesis, a taking]
cholangeitis
SYN: cholangitis.
cholangiectasis
Dilation of the bile ducts, usually as a sequel to obstruction or from a congenital lack of a portion of the ductal wall. [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + ektasis, a stretching]
cholangiocarcinoma
An adenocarcinoma, primarily in intrahepatic bile ducts, composed of ducts lined by cuboidal or columnar cells that do not contain bile, with abundant fibrous stroma; cirrhosis ...
cholangioenterostomy
Surgical anastomosis of bile duct to intestine.
cholangiofibrosis
Fibrosis of the bile ducts. [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + fibrosis]
cholangiogastrostomy
Formation of a communication between a bile duct and the stomach. [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + gaster, belly, + stoma, mouth]
cholangiogram
The radiographic record of the bile ducts obtained by cholangiography.
cholangiography
Radiographic examination of the bile ducts with contrast medium. [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + grapho, to write] - cystic duct c. radiography of the biliary system after ...
Cholangiography, percutaneous transhepatic (PTC)
A test of the bile duct system done by inserting a thin needle through the skin and into the liver (on the right side of the patient's abdomen). Dye is injected through the needle ...
cholangiole
A ductule occurring between a bile canaliculus and an interlobular bile duct. SYN: canal of Hering. [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + -ole, small]
cholangiolitis
Inflammation of the small bile radicles or cholangioles.
cholangioma
A neoplasm of bile duct origin, especially within the liver; may be either benign or malignant (cholangiocarcinoma). [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + -oma, tumor]
cholangiopancreatography
Contrast radiographic examination of the bile and pancreatic ducts after the injection of radiopaque dye. - endoscopic retrograde c. ( ERCP) a method of c. using an endoscope ...
cholangioscopy
Visual examination of bile ducts utilizing a fiberoptic endoscope. [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + skopeo, to examine]
cholangiostomy
Formation of a fistula into a bile duct. [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + stoma, mouth]
cholangiotomy
Incision into a bile duct. [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + tome, incision]
cholangitis
Inflammation of a bile duct or the entire biliary tree. SYN: angiocholitis, cholangeitis. [ chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + -itis, inflammation] - ascending c. SYN: c. lenta. - ...
Cholangitis, sclerosing
A chronic disorder of the liver in which the ducts carrying bile from the liver to the intestine and, often, the ducts carrying bile within the liver, become inflamed, thickened ...
cholanic acid
SYN: cholic acid.
cholanopoiesis
Synthesis by the liver of cholic acid or its conjugates, or of natural bile salts. [ chol- + G. ano, upward, + poiesis, making]
cholanopoietic
Pertaining to or promoting cholanopoiesis.
cholanthrene
A polycyclic, somewhat carcinogenic hydrocarbon, structural parent of the highly carcinogenic 3 (or 20)-methylcholanthrene.
cholascos
Rarely used term for escape of bile into the free peritoneal cavity. [ chol- + G. askos, bag]
cholate
A salt or ester of a cholic acid. - c. ligase an enzyme that converts c., coenzyme A, and ATP, to choloyl-coenzyme A, AMP, and pyrophosphate. SYN: cholyl- coenzyme A ...
chole-, chol-, cholo-
Bile. Cf.:bili-. [G. chole]
cholecalciferol
(5Z,7E)-(3S)-9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-3-ol; formed by breakage of the 9,10 bond in 7-dehydrocholesterol by ultraviolet irradiation, yielding a double bond between C-10 ...
cholechromopoiesis
Synthesis of bile pigments by the liver. [chole- + G. chroma, color, + poiesis, making]
cholecyst
SYN: gallbladder.
cholecystagogic
Stimulating activity of the gallbladder.
cholecystagogue
A substance that stimulates activity of the gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + agogos, leader]
cholecystatony
Atonia, weakness, or failure of function of the gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + atonia, atony]
cholecystectasia
Rarely used term for dilation of the gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + ektasis, extension]
cholecystectomy
Surgical removal of the gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + ektome, excision]
cholecystenterostomy
Formation of a direct communication between the gallbladder and the intestine. SYN: enterocholecystostomy. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + enteron, intestine, + stoma, mouth]
cholecystenterotomy
Incision of both intestine and gallbladder. SYN: enterocholecystotomy. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + enteron, intestine, + tome, a cutting]
cholecystic
Relating to the cholecyst, or gallbladder.
cholecystis
SYN: gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder]
cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + -itis, inflammation] - acute c. inflammation and/or hemorrhagic necrosis, with variable infection, ulceration, and ...
cholecystoduodenostomy
Establishment of a direct communication between the gallbladder and the duodenum. SYN: duodenocholecystostomy, duodenocystostomy (1). [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + L. duodenum ...
cholecystogastrostomy
Establishment of a communication between the gallbladder and the stomach. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + gaster, stomach, + stoma, mouth]
cholecystogram
The radiographic record of gallbladder structure and function obtained by cholecystography.
cholecystography
Radiographic study of the gallbladder after oral administration of a cholecystopaque; or scintigraphic imaging of the gallbladder and central bile ducts after administration of ...
cholecystoileostomy
Establishment of a communication between the gallbladder and the ileum. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + ileum + G. stoma, mouth]
cholecystojejunostomy
Establishment of a communication between the gallbladder and the jejunum. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + jejunum, + G. stoma, mouth]
cholecystokinase
An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of cholecystokinin.
cholecystokinetic
Promoting emptying of the gallbladder.
cholecystokinin
A polypeptide hormone (the human peptide has 33 residues) liberated by the upper intestinal mucosa on contact with gastric contents; stimulates contraction of the gallbladder and ...
cholecystolithiasis
Presence of one or more gallstones in the gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + lithos, stone]
cholecystolithotripsy
Fragmentation of a gallstone most commonly by the application of transcutaneously applied sonic energy focused on the stone. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + lithos, stone, + ...
cholecystomy
SYN: cholecystotomy.
cholecystopaque
A radiographic contrast medium that opacifies the gallbladder following oral administration, by virtue of hepatic secretion and gallbladder concentration; used in ...
cholecystopathy
Disease of the gallbladder.
cholecystopexy
Suture of the gallbladder to the abdominal wall. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + pexis, fixation]
cholecystorrhaphy
Suture of an incised or ruptured gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + rhaphe, sewing]
cholecystosonography
Ultrasonic examination of the gallbladder. [cholecysto- + sonography]
cholecystostomy
Establishment of a fistula into the gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + stoma, mouth]
cholecystotomy
Incision into the gallbladder. SYN: cholecystomy. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + tome, incision] - laparoscopic c. minimally invasive surgical technique for removal of the ...
choledoch
SYN: bile duct (1). [G. choledochos, containing bile, fr. chole, bile, + dechomai, to receive]
choledoch-
See choledocho-.
choledochal
Relating to the common bile duct.
choledochectomy
Surgical removal of a portion of the common bile duct. [ choledoch- + G. ektome, excision]
choledochendysis
SYN: choledochotomy. [ choledoch- + G. endysis, an entering in]
choledochiarctia
Obsolete term for stenosis of the gall duct. [ choledoch- + L. artus (improperly arctus), narrow]
choledochitis
Inflammation of the common bile duct. [ choledoch- + G. -itis, inflammation]
choledocho-, choledoch-
The ductus choledochus (the common bile duct). [G. choledochos, containing bile, fr. chole, bile, + dechomai, to receive]
choledochocholedochostomy
Operative joining of divided portions of common bile duct. [choledocho- + choledocho- + G. stoma, mouth]
choledochoduodenostomy
Formation of a communication, other than the natural one, between the common bile duct and the duodenum. [choledocho- + duodenum + G. stoma, mouth]
choledochoenterostomy
Establishment of a communication, other than the natural one, between the common bile duct and any part of the intestine. [choledocho- + G. enteron, intestine, + stoma, mouth]
choledochojejunostomy
Anastomosis between the common bile duct and the jejunum. [choledocho- + jejuno- + G. stoma, mouth]
choledocholith
Stone in the common bile duct. [choledocho- + G. lithos, stone]
choledocholithiasis
Presence of a stone in the common bile duct.
choledocholithotomy
Incision of the common bile duct for the extraction of a stone. [choledocho- + G. lithos, stone, + tome, incision]
choledocholithotripsy
Fragmentation of a gallstone in the common bile duct either by transcutaneous sonic energy or endoscopically directed laser. SYN: choledocholithotrity. [choledocho- + G. ...
choledocholithotrity
SYN: choledocholithotripsy.
choledochoplasty
Rearrangement of tissues of the common bile duct. [choledocho- + G. plastos, formed]
choledochorrhaphy
Suturing together the divided ends of the common bile duct. [choledocho- + G. rhaphe, suture]
choledochostomy
Establishment of a fistula into the common bile duct. [choledocho- + G. stoma, mouth]
choledochotomy
Incision into the common bile duct. SYN: choledochendysis. [choledocho- + G. tome, incision]
choledochous
Containing or conveying bile.
choledochus
SYN: bile duct (1). [see choledoch]
choleglobin
A pigmented compound of globin and iron porphyrin (with an open ring due to cleavage of the α-methene bridge by α-methyl oxygenase); the first intermediate in the ...
cholehematin
A red pigment in the bile of herbivorous animals; derived from chlorophyll and a product of hematin oxidation.
cholehemia
SYN: cholemia. [chole- + G. haima, blood]
choleic
SYN: cholic.
choleic acids
Compounds of bile acids and sterols.
cholelith
SYN: gallstone. [chole- + G. lithos, stone]
cholelithiasis
Presence of concretions in the gallbladder or bile ducts. SYN: chololithiasis.
cholelithotomy
Operative removal of a gallstone. [chole- + G. lithos, stone, + tome, incision]
cholelithotripsy
Rarely used term for the crushing of a gallstone. [chole- + G. lithos, stone, + tripsis, a rubbing]
cholelithotrity
Rarely used term for the crushing of a gallstone. [chole- + G. lithos, stone, + L. tero, pp. tritus, to rub]
cholemesis
Vomiting of bile. [chole- + G. emesis, vomiting]
cholemia
The presence of bile salts in the circulating blood. SYN: cholehemia. [chole- + G. haima, blood]
cholemic
Relating to cholemia.
cholepathia
1. Disease of bile ducts. 2. Irregularity in contractions of the bile ducts. - c. spastica spastic contraction of the bile ducts.
choleperitonitis
SYN: bile peritonitis.
cholepoiesis
Formation of bile. SYN: cholopoiesis. [chole- + G. poiesis, making]
cholepoietic
Relating to the formation of bile.
Cholera
A devastating and sometimes lethal disease with intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea leading to dehydration which, unless immediately treated, may be fatal. Cholera was ...
Cholera genome
The genome of the bacterium called Vibrio cholerae that causes cholera. This genome contains over 4 million bases in its DNA including the sequences for nearly 4,000 genes. The ...
choleragen
A term suggested for a factor(s) produced during growth in vitro of the cholera vibrio and causes diarrhea. [ cholera + G. -gen, producing]
choleraic
Relating to cholera.
choleraphage
Bacteriophage of Vibrio cholerae. [ cholera + G. phago, to eat]
choleresis
The secretion of bile, as opposed to the expulsion of bile, by the gallbladder. [chole- + G. hairesis, a taking]
choleretic
1. Relating to choleresis. 2. An agent, usually a drug, that stimulates the liver to increase output of bile.
cholerheic
Denoting diarrhea produced secondary to unabsorbed bile salts. [chole- + G. hairesis, a taking]
choleric
SYN: bilious (3).
choleriform
Resembling cholera. SYN: choleroid.
cholerigenic, cholerigenous
Causing or engendering cholera.
cholerine
A mild form of diarrhea seen during epidemics of Asiatic cholera.
choleroid
SYN: choleriform.
cholerrhagia
Extensive flow of bile. [chole- + G. rhegnymi, to burst forth]
cholerrhagic
Referring to the flow of bile.
Cholescintigraphy
A diagnostic test in which a two-dimensional picture of a radiation source in the biliary system is obtained by the use of radioisotopes. Cholescintigraphy is done by nuclear ...
cholestane
The parent hydrocarbon of cholesterol. For structure, see steroids.
cholestanol
Differing from cholesterol in the absence of the double bond.
cholestanone
An oxidation product of cholestanol, differing from it in the presence of a ketone oxygen in place of the 3-hydroxyl group; an isomer of coprostanone.
cholestasia, cholestasis
An arrest in the flow of bile; c. due to obstruction of bile ducts is accompanied by formation of plugs of inspissated bile in the small ducts, canaliculi in the liver, and ...
cholestasis
See cholestasia. - intrahepatic c. of pregnancy intrahepatic c. with centrilobular bile staining without inflammatory cells or proliferation of mesenchymal cells; clinically ...
Cholestasis with peripheral pulmonary stenosis
Also known as arteriohepatic dysplasia or Alagille syndrome, this ia a genetic disorder characterized by yellowing of the skin (jaundice) in the newborn period, liver disease ...
cholestatic
Tending to diminish or stop the flow of bile.
cholesteatoma
1. A mass of keratinized squamous cell epithelium and cholesterol in the middle ear, usually resulting from chronic otitis media, with squamous metaplasia or extension of ...
cholesteatomatous
Of or pertaining to cholesteatoma.
cholestenone
A dehydrocholestanone, differing from cholestanone by the presence of a double bond between carbons 4 and 5.
cholesteremia
The presence of enhanced quantities of cholesterol in the blood. SYN: cholesterinemia, cholesterolemia. [cholesterol + G. haima, blood]
cholesterinemia
SYN: cholesteremia.
cholesterinosis
SYN: cholesterolosis.
cholesterinuria
SYN: cholesteroluria. [cholesterin + G. ouron, urine]
cholesterol
5-Cholesten-3β-ol ( cholestane with a 5,6 double bond and a 3β-hydroxyl group); the most abundant steroid in animal tissues, especially in bile and gallstones, and present in ...
Cholesterol lowering with fibrate
The fibrates are cholesterol-lowering drugs that are primarily effective in lowering triglycerides and, to a lesser extent, in increasing HDL-cholesterol levels. Gemfibrozil ...
Cholesterol, "bad"
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Cholesterol, "good"
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Cholesterol, LDL
Lipoproteins which are combinations of lipids (fats) and proteins are the form in which lipids are transported in the blood. The low-density lipoproteins transport cholesterol ...
cholesterolemia
SYN: cholesteremia. [cholesterol + G. haima, blood]
cholesterologenesis
The biosynthesis of cholesterol.
cholesterolosis
1. A condition resulting from a disturbance in metabolism of lipids, characterized by deposits of cholesterol in tissue, as in Tangier disease. 2. Cholesterol crystals in the ...
cholesteroluria
The excretion of cholesterol in the urine. SYN: cholesterinuria.
cholestyramine
An anion exchange resin used to bind dietary cholesterol and hence prevent its systemic absorption. Used to treat hypercholesteremia. Can bind many acidic drugs in the ...
choleuria
SYN: biliuria.
cholic
Relating to the bile. SYN: choleic.
cholic acid
A family of steroids comprising the bile acids (or salts), generally in conjugated form ( e.g., glycocholic and taurocholic acid s). Chemically, cholic acid s are cholan-24-oic ...
cholicele
Enlargement of the gallbladder due to retained fluids. [G. chole, bile, + kele, tumor]
choline
(2-Hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium ion; found in most animal tissues either free or in combination as lecithin (phosphatidylcholine), acetate (acetylcholine), or cytidine ...
cholinephosphotransferase
An enzyme catalyzing the reaction between CDP-choline and 1,2-diacylglycerol to form a phosphatidylcholine and CMP. The last step in lecithin biosynthesis.
cholinergic
Relating to nerve cells or fibers that employ acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter. Cf.:adrenergic. [choline + G. ergon, work]
cholinester
An ester of choline; e.g., acetylcholine.
cholinesterase
One of a family of enzymes capable of catalyzing the hydrolysis of acylcholines and a few other compounds. In mammals, found in white matter of brain, liver, heart, pancreas, and ...
cholinesterase reactivator
A drug that reacts directly with the alkylphosphorylated enzyme to free the active unit; the drugs used therapeutically to reactivate phosphorylated forms of ...
cholinoceptive
Referring to chemical sites in effector cells with which acetylcholine unites to exert its actions. Cf.:adrenoceptive. [ acetylcholine + L. capio, to take]
cholinolytic
Preventing the action of acetylcholine. [ acetylcholine + G. lysis, loosening]
cholinomimetic
Having an action similar to that of acetylcholine, the substance liberated by cholinergic nerves; term proposed to replace the less accurate term, parasympathomimetic. ...
cholinoreactive
Responding to acetylcholine and related compounds.
cholinoreceptors
See cholinergic receptors, under receptor.
cholistine sulphomethate sodium
SYN: colistimethate sodium.
cholo-
See chole-.
chololithiasis
SYN: cholelithiasis.
choloplania
The presence of bile salts in the blood or tissues. [ cholo- + G. plane, a wandering]
cholopoiesis
SYN: cholepoiesis.
cholorrhea
Obsolete term for an excessive secretion of bile. [ cholo- + G. rhoia, a flow]
choloscopy
Rarely used term for cholangioscopy. [ cholo- + G. skopeo, to view]
cholothorax
Bile in the pleural cavity.
choloyl
The radical of cholic acid or cholate.
choluria
SYN: biliuria. [G. chole, bile, + ouron, urine]
cholyl-coenzyme A
A condensation product of cholic acid and coenzyme A; an intermediate in the formation of bile salts from bile acids, such as taurocholic acid from cholic acid. - cholyl- ...
chondral
SYN: cartilaginous. [G. chondros, cartilage]
chondralloplasia
Occurrence of cartilage in abnormal situations in the bony skeleton. [G. chondros, cartilage, + allos, other, + plasia, formed]
chondrectomy
Excision of cartilage. [G. chondros, cartilage, + ektome, excision]
chondrification
Conversion into cartilage. [G. chondros, cartilage, + L. facio, to make]
chondrify
To become cartilaginous.
chondrio-
See chondro-.
chondritis
Inflammation of cartilage. [G. chondros, cartilage, + -itis, inflammation] - costal c. SYN: costochondritis.
chondro-, chondrio-
1. Cartilage or cartilaginous. 2. Granular or gritty substance. [G. chondrion, dim. of chondros, groats (coarsely ground grain), grit, gristle, cartilage]
chondro-osseous
Relating to cartilage and bone, either as a mixture of the two tissues or as a junction between the two, such as the union of a rib and its costal cartilage.
chondro-osteodystrophy
Term used for a group of disorders of bone and cartilage which includes Morquio syndrome and similar conditions. SYN: osteochondrodystrophia deformans, osteochondrodystrophy.
chondroblast
A dividing cell of growing cartilage tissue. SYN: chondroplast. [chondro- + G. blastos, germ]
chondroblastoma
A benign tumor arising in the epiphyses of long bones, consisting of highly cellular tissue resembling fetal cartilage.
chondrocalcin
A 69,000 molecular weight protein believed to play a role in mineralization in hard tissue.
chondrocalcinosis
Calcification of cartilage. [chondro- + calcium + G. -osis, condition] - articular c. [MIM*118600] a disease characterized by deposits of calcium pyrophosphate crystals free of ...
chondroclast
A multinucleated cell (giant cell) involved in the resorption of calcified cartilage; morphologically identical to osteoblasts. [chondro- + G. klastos, broken in pieces]
chondrocostal
SYN: costochondral. [chondro- + L. costa, rib]
chondrocranium
A cartilaginous skull; the cartilaginous parts of the developing skull. [chondro- + G. kranion, skull]
chondrocyte
A nondividing cartilage cell; occupies a lacuna within the cartilage matrix. SYN: cartilage cell. [chondro- + G. kytos, a hollow (cell)] - isogenous chondrocytes a clone of ...
chondrodermatitis nodularis chronica helicis
A benign, chronic, small, painful nodule (or nodules) on the helix of the ear in the elderly, which may occasionally become ulcerated and results from habitually sleeping on the ...
chondrodysplasia
SYN: chondrodystrophy. [chondro- + G. dys, bad, + plasis, a molding] - c. calcificans congenita [MIM*118650] autosomal dominant inheritance characterized by asymmetric ...
Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type)
Also known as cartilage hair hypoplasia syndrome, this is a specific genetic form of short-limbed dwarfism with skeletal features that also include normal head, inability to ...
chondrodystrophy
A disturbance in the development of the cartilage primordia of the long bones, especially the region of the epiphysial plates, resulting in arrested growth of the long bones and ...
chondroectodermal
Relating to ectodermally derived cartilage; e.g., branchial cartilages that have developed from the neural crest.
chondrofibroma
SYN: chondromyxoid fibroma.
chondrogenesis
Formation of cartilage. [chondro- + G. genesis, origin]
chondroglossus
See c. muscle. [chondro- + G. glossa, tongue]
chondroid
1. Resembling cartilage. SYN: cartilaginoid. 2. Uncharacteristically developed cartilage, primarily cellular with a basophilic matrix and thin or nonexistent capsules. ...
chondroitin
A (muco)polysaccharide (proteoglycan) composed of alternating residues of β-d-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-d-galactosamine sulfate in alternating β(1-3) and β(1-4) linkages; ...
chondrology
The study of cartilage. [chondro- + G. logos, treatise]
chondrolysis
Disappearance of articular cartilage as the result of disintegration or dissolution of the cartilage matrix and cells.
chondroma
A benign neoplasm derived from mesodermal cells that form cartilage. [chondro- + G. -oma, tumor] - extraskeletal c. a c. located in soft tissues, usually of the fingers, hands, ...
chondromalacia
Softening of any cartilage. [chondro- + G. malakia, softness] - c. fetalis an intrauterine form of c. in which the fetus is born dead with soft pliable limbs. - generalized c. ...
Chondromalacia patellae
The patellofemoral syndrome (PFS), the most common cause of chronic knee pain. PFS characteristically causes vague discomfort of the inner knee area, aggravated by activity ...
chondromatosis
Presence of multiple tumor-like foci of cartilage. - synovial c. c. or osteocartilaginous nodules occurring in the synovial membrane of a joint. SYN: synovial ...
chondromatous
Pertaining to or manifesting the features of a chondroma.
chondrome
The genetic information contained in all of the mitochondria of a cell. [mitochondria + -ome]
chondromere
A cartilage unit of the fetal axial skeleton developing within a single metamere of the body; a primordial cartilaginous vertebra together with its costal component. [chondro- ...
chondromyxoma
SYN: chondromyxoid fibroma.
chondronectin
A glycoprotein of cartilage matrix that mediates the adhesion of chondrocytes to type II collagen. [chondro- + L. necto, to bind, + -in]
chondropathy
Any disease of cartilage. [chondro- + G. pathos, suffering]
chondropharyngeus
See middle constrictor (muscle) of pharynx.
chondrophyte
An abnormal cartilaginous mass that develops at the articular surface of a bone. [chondro- + G. phytos, a growth]
Chondroplasia
The formation of cartilage by specialized cells called chondrocytes.
chondroplast
SYN: chondroblast. [chondro- + G. plastos, formed]
chondroplasty
Reparative or plastic surgery of cartilage. [chondro- + G. plastos, formed]
chondroporosis
Condition of cartilage in which spaces appear, either normal (in the process of ossification) or pathologic. [chondro- + L. porosus, porous]
chondrosarcoma
A malignant neoplasm derived from cartilage cells, occurring most frequently in pelvic bones or near the ends of long bones, in middle-aged and older people; most chondrosarcomas ...
chondrosin, chondrosine
A disaccharide composed of one molecule of d-glucuronic acid and one of d-galactosamine (chondrosamine); a component of the chondroitins.
chondroskeleton
A skeleton formed of hyaline cartilage; e.g., that of the human embryo or of certain adult fishes such as the shark or ray.
chondrosternal
1. Relating to a sternal cartilage. 2. Relating to the costal cartilages and the sternum.
chondrosternoplasty
Surgical correction of malformations of the sternum.
chondrotome
A very stiff scalpel-shaped knife used in cutting cartilage. SYN: cartilage knife. [chondro- + G. tome, cutting]
chondrotomy
Division of cartilage. [chondro- + G. tome, a cutting]
chondrotrophic
Influencing the nutrition and thereby the development and growth of cartilage. [chondro- + G. trophe, nourishment]
chondroxiphoid
Relating to the xiphoid or ensiform cartilage. [chondro- + G. xiphos, sword, + eidos, appearance]
chondrus
1. SYN: cartilage. 2. The plant C. crispus, Fucus crispus, or Gigartina mamillosa (family Gigartinaceae); a demulcent in chronic and intestinal disorders. SYN: carrageen (1), ...
CHOP
Acronym for cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone, a chemotherapy regimen for treatment of lymphomas.
Chopart
François, French surgeon, 1743–1795. See C. amputation, C. joint.
chord-
Cord. SEE ALSO: cord-. [G. chorde]
chorda
A tendinous or a cord-like structure. SEE ALSO: cord. [L., cord] - c. arteriae umbilicalis [TA] SYN: cord of umbilical artery. - c. chirurgicalis surgical catgut. [L.] - c. ...
Chorda tympani
A branch of the facial nerve (the seventh cranial nerve) that serves the taste buds in the front of the tongue, runs through the middle ear, and carries taste messages to the ...
chorda-mesoderm
That part of the epiblast of a young embryo that has the potentiality of forming notochord and mesoderm.
Chordae tendineae
Thread-like bands of fibrous tissue which attach on one end to the edges of the tricuspid and mitral valves of the heart and on the other end to the papillary muscles, small ...
chordal
Relating to any chorda or cord, especially to the notochord.
Chordata
The phylum that includes the vertebrates, defined by possession of: 1) a single dorsal nerve cord (the brain and spinal cord of mammals); 2) a cartilaginous rod, the notochord, ...
chordate
An animal of the phylum Chordata.
chordee
1. Painful erection of the penis in gonorrhea or Peyronie disease, with curvature resulting from lack of distensibility of the corpus cavernosum urethrae. SYN: gryposis penis. ...
chorditis
Inflammation of a cord; usually a vocal cord. [G. chorde, cord, + -itis, inflammation] - c. vocalis inferior an inflammation limited mainly to the undersurface of the vocal cords ...
Chordoma
: A form of bone cancer that usually starts in the lower spinal column. * * * A rare neoplasm of skeletal tissue in adults, derived from persistent portions of the notochord; ...
chordoskeleton
The part of the embryonic skeleton that develops in conjunction with the notochord.
Chorea
Ceaseless rapid complex body movements that look well coordinated and purposeful but are, in fact, involuntary. Chorea was thought suggestive of a grotesque dance. The term ...
choreal
Relating to chorea.
choreic
Relating to or of the nature of chorea.
choreiform
SYN: choreoid.
choreo-
Chorea.
choreoathetoid
Pertaining to or characterized by choreoathetosis.
choreoathetosis
Abnormal movements of body of combined choreic and athetoid pattern. [ choreo- + G. athetos, unfixed, + -osis, condition] - congenital c. SYN: double athetosis.
choreoid
Resembling chorea. SYN: choreiform.
chorio-
Any membrane, especially that which encloses the fetus. [G. chorion, membrane]
chorioadenoma
A benign neoplasm of chorion, especially with hydatidiform mole formation. - c. destruens hydatidiform mole in which there is an unusual degree of invasion of the myometrium ...
chorioallantoic
Pertaining to the chorioallantois.
chorioallantois
Extraembryonic membrane formed by the fusion of the allantois with the serosa or false chorion. In mammals it forms the fetal portion of the placenta; in avian embryos it is ...
chorioamnionitis
Infection involving the chorion, amnion, and amniotic fluid; usually the placental villi and decidua are also involved.
chorioangioma
Benign tumor of placental blood vessel s (hemangioma), usually of no clinical significance; large tumors may be associated with placental insufficiency and fetal hydrops; in some ...
Chorioangioma, placental
A benign vascular (blood vessel) tumor of the placenta (afterbirth). Large chorioangiomas cause complications including polyhydramnios (excess amniotic fluid), maternal and ...
chorioangiomatosis
SYN: chorioangiosis.
chorioangiosis
An abnormal increase in the number of vascular channels in placental villi; severe c. is associated with a high incidence of neonatal death and major congenital malformations. ...
choriocapillaris
SYN: capillary lamina of choroid.
Choriocarcinoma
A highly malignant tumor that arises from trophoblastic cells within the uterus. Choriocarcinoma tends to be invasive and to metastasize early and widely through both the venous ...
choriocele
A hernia of the choroid coat of the eye through a defect in the sclera. [ chorio- + G. kele, hernia]

< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >>

© en-de-fr.com.ua - EN-DE-FR 2009-2017 Информация публикуется на сайте для ознакомительного процесса.
 
Выполнено за: 0.030 c;