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Слова на букву chem-culi (2629)

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chorioepithelioma
SYN: choriocarcinoma.
choriogonadotropin
SYN: chorionic gonadotropin.
chorioid-, chorioido-
For words beginning thus and not found here, see choroid-, choroido-.
choriomammotropin
SYN: human placental lactogen.
choriomeningitis
A cerebral meningitis in which there is a more or less marked cellular infiltration of the meninges, often with a lymphocytic infiltration of the choroid plexuses, particularly ...
Chorion
The outermost of the two fetal membranes—the amnion is the innermost —. which together surround the embryo. The chorion develops villi (vascular fingers) and gives rise ...
chorionic
Relating to the chorion.
Chorionic gonadotropin, human (hCG)
A human hormone made by chorionic cells in the fetal part of the placenta. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is directed at the gonads and stimulates them. Hence, the name ...
chorioretinal
Relating to the choroid coat of the eye and the retina. SYN: retinochoroid.
chorioretinitis
SYN: retinochoroiditis. - c. sclopetaria proliferation of fibrous tissue in the choroid and retina as the result of contusion of the sclera by a high velocity missile. [L. ...
chorioretinopathy
A primary abnormality of the choroid with extension to the retina. SEE ALSO: choroidopathy.
chorista
A focus of tissue that is histologically normal per se, but is not normally found in the organ or structure in which it is located; e.g., tissue displaced, during development, ...
choristoblastoma
An autonomous neoplasm composed of relatively undifferentiated cells of a choristoma. [ choristoma + blastoma]
choristoma
A mass formed by maldevelopment of tissue of a type not normally found at that site. [G. choristos, separated, + -oma]
choroid
The middle vascular tunic of the eye lying between the pigment epithelium and the sclera. SYN: choroidea [TA]. [G. choroeides, a false reading for chorioeides, like a membrane]
Choroid of the eye
The thin vascular middle layer of the eye that is situated between the sclera (the white of the eye) and the retina (the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye, senses light, ...
choroidal
Relating to the choroid (choroidea).
choroidea
SYN: choroid. [see choroid]
choroideremia
Progressive degeneration of the choroid in males, occasionally in females, beginning with peripheral pigmentary retinopathy, followed by atrophy of the retinal pigment ...
Choroiditis
An inflammation of the layer of the eye behind the retina, either in its entirely (multifocal choroiditis) or in patches (focal choroiditis). Usually the only symptom is blurred ...
choroido-
The choroid.
choroidocyclitis
Inflammation of the choroid coat and the ciliary body. [ choroido- + G. kyklos, circle]
choroidopathy
Noninflammatory degeneration of the choroid. - areolar c. a slowly progressive pigmentary degeneration in young persons; characterized by black foci closely set together and ...
choroidosis
Obsolete term for choroidopathy.
Chotzen
F., 20th century German physician. See C. syndrome.
Christensen
Erna, Danish neuropathologist, 1906–1967. See C.- Krabbe disease.
Christian
Henry A., U.S. internist, 1876–1951. See C. disease, C. syndrome, Hand-Schüller-C. disease, Weber-C. disease.
Christison
Sir Robert, Scottish physician, 1797–1882. See C. formula.
Christmas
Surname of a child (Stephen C.) with the disease subsequently called C. disease; first case studied in detail. See C. disease, C. factor. SEE ALSO: C. factor, hemophilia B.
chromaffin
Giving a brownish yellow reaction with chromic salts; denoting certain cells in the medulla of the adrenal glands and in paraganglia. SYN: chromaphil, chromatophil (3), ...
chromaffinoma
A neoplasm composed of chromaffin cells occurring in the medullae of adrenal glands, the organs of Zuckerkandl, or the paraganglia of the thoracolumbar sympathetic chain; may ...
chromaffinopathy
Obsolete term for any pathologic condition of chromaffin tissue, as in the medullae of adrenal glands or the organs of Zuckerkandl. [ chromaffin + G. pathos, suffering]
chroman, chromane
Fundamental unit of the tocopherols (vitamin E). SEE ALSO: chromanol, chromene, chromenol.
chromanol
6-Hydroxychroman (6-c.) is the fundamental unit of the tocopherols (vitamin E), tocols, and tocotrienols, as well as of ubi-, toco-, and phyllochromanol. SEE ALSO: chroman, ...
chromaphil
SYN: chromaffin.
chromat-
See chrom-.
chromate
A salt of chromic acid. - sodium c. Cr 51 anionic hexavalent radioactive chromium in the form of sodium c. (Na251CrO4) with a half-life of 27.8 days; used for the determination ...
chromatic
Of or pertaining to color or colors; produced by, or made in, a color or colors.
chromatid
Each of the two strands formed by longitudinal duplication of a chromosome that becomes visible during prophase of mitosis or meiosis; the two chromatids are joined by the ...
Chromatids
The daughter strands of a duplicated chromosome joined together by a centromere.
chromatin
The genetic material of the nucleus, consisting of deoxyribonucleoprotein, which occurs in two forms during the phase between mitotic divisions: 1) as heterochromatin, seen as ...
chromatinolysis
SYN: chromatolysis.
chromatinorrhexis
Fragmentation of the chromatin. [ chromatin + G. rhexis, rupture]
chromatism
1. Abnormal pigmentation. 2. SYN: chromatic aberration. [G. chroma, color]
chromato-
See chrom-.
chromatogenous
Producing color; causing pigmentation. [ chromato- + -gen, producing]
chromatogram
The graphic record produced by chromatography.
chromatograph
To perform chromatography.
chromatographic
Pertaining to chromatography.
chromatography
The separation of chemical substances and particles (originally plant pigments and other highly colored compounds) by differential movement through a two-phase system. The ...
Chromatography, gas (GC)
A type of automated chromatography (a technique used to separate mixtures of substances) in which the mixture to be analyzed is vaporized and carried by an inert gas through a ...
chromatoid
A refractile substance composed of chromatin, thought to be a nonglycogen food reserve contained within the cytoplasm of certain protozoa; seen in cysts of Entamoeba histolytica ...
chromatokinesis
Rearrangement of the chromatin into various forms. [ chromato- + G. kinesis, movement]
chromatolysis
The disintegration of the granules of chromophil substance ( Nissl bodies) in a nerve cell body that may occur after exhaustion of the cell or damage to its peripheral process; ...
chromatolytic
Relating to chromatolysis.
chromatometer
SYN: colorimeter. [ chromato- + G. metron, measure]
chromatopectic
Relating to or causing chromatopexis. SYN: chromopectic.
chromatopexis
The fixation of color or staining fluid, i.e., as the liver functions in forming bilirubin. SYN: chromopexis. [ chromato- + G. pexis, fixation]
chromatophil
1. SYN: chromophilic. 2. SYN: chromophil (2). 3. SYN: chromaffin.
chromatophilia
SYN: chromophilia.
Chromatophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of money. Sufferers experience undue anxiety even though they realize their fear is irrational. They worry that they might mismanage money or ...
chromatophore
1. A colored plastid, due to the presence of chlorophyll or other pigments, found in certain forms of protozoa. 2. Melanophage; a pigment-bearing phagocyte found chiefly in ...
chromatophorotropic
Denoting the attraction of chromatophores to the skin or other organs. [ chromatophore + G. tropos, a turning]
chromatoplasm
The part of the cytoplasm containing pigment.
chromatopsia
A condition in which objects appear to be abnormally colored or tinged with color; designated according to the color seen: xanthopsia, yellow vision; erythropsia, red vision; ...
chromatosome
A nucleosome with one bound histone-1 protein.
chromatotropism
1. A change of color. 2. The phenomenon of orientation in response to color. [ chromato- + G. trope, turn]
chromaturia
Abnormal coloration of the urine. [ chromato- + G. ouron, urine]
chrome
Chromium, especially as a source of pigment. [G. chroma, color]
chrome red
Basic lead chromate.
chrome yellow
A fine yellow powder used in paints and dyes. SYN: lead chromate, Leipzig yellow, lemon yellow, Paris yellow.
chromene
2H-1-Benzopyran; fundamental unit of the tocopherolquinones. SEE ALSO: chroman, chromanol, chromenol.
chromenol
6-Hydroxychromene (6-c.) is the fundamental unit of the tocopherolquinones (oxidized tocopherol) and plastochromenol-8. SEE ALSO: chroman, chromanol, chromene. SYN: ...
chromesthesia
1. The color sense. 2. A condition in which nonvisual stimuli, such as taste or smell, cause the perception of color. [G. chroma, color, + aisthesis, sensation]
chromhidrosis
A rare condition characterized by the excretion of sweat containing pigment. SYN: chromidrosis. [chrom- + G. hidros, sweat] - apocrine c. excretion of colored sweat, usually ...
chromic acid
H2CrO4 or H2Cr2O7; a strong oxidizing agent formed by dissolving chromium trioxide (CrO3) in water. Has been used in solution as a topical antiseptic.
chromidia
Plural of chromidium.
chromidiation
SYN: chromidiosis.
chromidiosis
An outpouring of nuclear substance and chromatin into the cell protoplasm. SYN: chromidiation.
chromidium
A basophilic particle or structure in the cell cytoplasm, rich in RNA, often found in specialized cells. [G. chroma, color, + -idion, a diminutive termination]
chromidrosis
SYN: chromhidrosis.
chromium
A metallic element, atomic no. 24, atomic wt. 51.9961. A dietary essential bioelement. 51Cr (half-life of 27.70 days) is used as a diagnostic aid in many disorders ( e.g., ...
chromo-
See chrom-.
Chromobacterium
A genus of bacteria containing Gram-negative, motile rods. These microorganisms produce a violet pigment (violacein) and are occasionally pathogenic to humans and other animals. ...
chromoblast
An embryonic cell with the potentiality of developing into a pigment cell. [ chromo- + G. blastos, germ]
chromoblastomycosis
A localized chronic mycosis of the skin and subcutaneous tissues characterized by skin lesions so rough and irregular as to present a cauliflowerlike appearance; caused by ...
chromocenter
SYN: karyosome.
chromocyte
Any pigmented cell, such as a red blood corpuscle. [ chromo- + G. kytos, cell]
chromogen
1. A substance, itself without definite color, that may be transformed into a pigment; denoting especially benzene and its homologs toluene, xylene, quinone, naphthalene, ...
chromogenesis
Production of coloring matter or pigment, often via an enzyme-catalyzed reaction. [ chromo- + G. genesis, production]
chromogenic
1. Denoting a chromogen. 2. Relating to chromogenesis.
chromogranins
Soluble proteins of chromaffin granules; c. A, an acidic glycoprotein, accounts for approximately half of the total protein of the granule matrix.
chromoisomerism
Isomerism in which the isomers display different colors.
chromolipid
SYN: lipochrome (1).
chromolysis
SYN: chromatolysis.
chromomere
1. A condensed segment of a chromonema; densely staining bands visible in chromosomes under certain conditions. 2. SYN: granulomere. [ chromo- + G. meros, a part]
chromometer
SYN: colorimeter.
chromomycosis
SYN: chromoblastomycosis. [ chromo- + G. mykes, fungus, + -osis, condition]
chromone
4H-1-Benzopyran-4-one; fundamental unit of various plant pigments and other substances. SEE ALSO: flavone, chromene, chroman.
chromonema
The coiled filament in which the genes are located, which extends the entire length of a chromosome and exhibits an intensely positive Feulgen test for DNA. SYN: chromatic ...
chromonychia
Abnormality in the color of the nails. [ chromo- + G. onyx (onych-), nail]
chromopectic
SYN: chromatopectic.
chromopexis
SYN: chromatopexis.
chromophil, chromophile
1. SYN: chromophilic. 2. A cell or any histologic element that stains readily. SYN: chromatophil (2). 3. SYN: chromaffin. [ chromo- + G. phileo, to love]
chromophilia
The property possessed by most cells of staining readily with appropriate dyes. SYN: chromatophilia. [ chromo- + G. phileo, to love]
chromophilic, chromophilous
Staining readily; denoting certain cells and histologic structures. SYN: chromatophil (1), chromatophilic, chromatophilous, chromophil (1), chromophile.
chromophobe
Resistant to stains, staining with difficulty or not at all; denoting certain degranulated cells in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. SYN: chromophobic. [ chromo- + G. ...
chromophobia
1. Resistance to stains on the part of cells and tissues. 2. A morbid dislike of colors. SYN: chromatophobia. [ chromo- + G. phobos, fear]
chromophobic
SYN: chromophobe. [ chromo- + phobos, fear]
chromophore
The atomic grouping upon which the color of a substance depends. SYN: chromatophore (3), color radical. [ chromo- + G. phoros, bearing]
chromophoric, chromophorous
1. Relating to a chromophore. 2. Producing or carrying color; denoting certain microorganisms.
chromophototherapy
SYN: chromotherapy. [ chromo- + photo- + G. therapeia, medical treatment]
chromoplast
A plastid filled with carotenoid pigments.
chromoplastid
A pigmented plastid, containing chlorophyll, formed in certain protozoans. [ chromo- + G. plastos, formed, + -id (2)]
chromoprotein
One of a group of conjugated proteins, consisting of a combination of pigment ( i.e., a colored prosthetic group) with a protein; e.g., hemoglobin.
chromosomal
Pertaining to chromosomes.
Chromosome
A visible carrier of the genetic information. The 3 billion bp (base pairs) in the human genome are organized into 24 distinct, physically separate microscopic units called ...
Chromosome 11 translocation leukemia
A new type of childhood leukemia in which a piece of chromosome 11 has been translocated (broken off and attached itself to another chromosome). Children with this type of ...
Chromosome band
One of the transverse bands produced on chromosomes by differential staining techniques. Depending on the particular staining technique, the bands are alternating light and dark ...
Chromosome banding
The treatment of chromosomes to reveal characteristic patterns of horizontal bands like bar codes. The banding patterns lend each chromosome a distinctive appearance so the 22 ...
Chromosome complement
The whole set of chromosomes for the species. In humans, the chromosome complement (which is also called the karyotype) consists of 46 chromosomes.
Chromosome disorder
An abnormal condition due to an abnormality of the chromosomes. For example, Down syndrome (the genetic abnormality featuring three chromosome 21s, instead of two, also referred ...
Chromosome duplication
Part of a chromosome in duplicate. A particular kind of mutation involving the production of one or more copies of any piece of DNA, including sometimes a gene or even an entire ...
Chromosome inversion
A chromosome segment is clipped out, turned upside down and reinserted back into the chromosome. A chromosome inversion can be inherited and have come from one of the parents to ...
Chromosome inversion, paracentric
A basic type of chromosome rearrangement. A segment that does not include the centromere (and so is paracentric) has been snipped out of a chromosome, turned through 180 degrees ...
Chromosome inversion, pericentric
A basic type of chromosome rearrangement in which a segment that includes the centromere (and so is pericentric) has been snipped out of a chromosome, turned through 180 degrees ...
Chromosome map
The chart of the linear array of genes on a chromosome. A chromosome map can also refer to the visual appearance of a chromosome when stained and examined under a microscope. ...
chromosome pairing
The process in synapsis whereby homologous chromosomes align opposite each other before disjoining in the formation of the daughter cell; the apposition permits exchange of ...
Chromosome, acentric
A fragment of a chromosome (one of the microscopically visible carriers of the genetic material DNA) that is lacking a centromere (the “waist” of the chromosome essential for ...
Chromosome, acrocentric
A chromosome (one of the microscopically visible carriers of the genetic material DNA) with its centromere (the “waist” of the chromosome) located quite near one end of the ...
Chromosome, dicentric
An abnormal chromosome (a microscopically visible carrier of the genetic material DNA) with two centromeres rather than the normal one. The centromere is essential for the ...
Chromosome, marker
An abnormal chromosome that is distinctive in appearance but not fully identified. A marker chromosome is not a " marker" of a specific disease. It is a marker chromosome merely ...
Chromosome, metaphase
A chromosome in the stage of the cell cycle (the sequence of events in the life of a cell) when a chromosome is most condensed and easiest to distinguish and so to study. ...
Chromosome, Y
The sex chromosome found together with an X chromosome in most normal males. Once thought to be a genetic wasteland, the Y now is known to contain at least 20 genes, some of them ...
Chromosomes
The microscopically visible carriers of the genetic material. They are composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and proteins and, under a microscope, look like little rods. Humans ...
Chromosomes in multiple miscarriages
Couples who have had more than one miscarriage (spontaneous abortion) have about a 5% chance that one member of the couple is carrying a chromosome translocation responsible ...
chromotherapy
Treatment of disease by colored light. SYN: chromophototherapy.
chromotoxic
Caused by a toxic action on the hemoglobin, as in c. hyperchromemia, or resulting from the destruction of hemoglobin.
chromotrichia
Colored or pigmented hair. [ chromo- + G. thrix (trich-), hair]
chromotrichial
Pertaining to the coloring of hair.
chromotrope
Any of several dyes containing chromotropic acid and which have the property of changing from red to blue on afterchroming.
chromotrope 2R
A red acid dye used as a counterstain and for staining red blood cells in sections.
chromotropic acid
Used as a reagent and in chromotropes.
chronaxia
SYN: chronaxie.
chronaxie
A measurement of excitability of nervous or muscular tissue; the shortest duration of an effective electrical stimulus having a strength equal to twice the minimum strength ...
chronaximeter
An instrument for measuring chronaxie.
chronaximetry
The measurement of chronaxie. [G. chronos, time, + axia, value, + metrein, to measure]
chronaxis
SYN: chronaxie.
chronaxy
SYN: chronaxie.
Chronic
This important term in medicine comes from the Greek chronos, time and means lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one lasting 3 months or more, by the definition of the ...
Chronic bacterial prostatitis
Longstanding bacterial infection of the prostate gland superimposed on a defect in the prostate. (The prostate is a small organ below the bladder which surrounds the urethra, the ...
Chronic bronchitis
Defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 months, two years in a row. In chronic bronchitis, there is inflammation and swelling of the lining of the ...
Chronic fatigue syndrome
A debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue of six months or longer duration that is not improved by bed rest and that may be worsened by physical or ...
Chronic illness
An illness that persists for a long period of time. The term "chronic" comes from the Greek chronos, time and means lasting a long time. A chronic illness is one lasting 3 months ...
Chronic insomnia
Insomnia that occurs most nights and lasts a month or more. The treatment of chronic insomnia consists of: {{}}First, diagnosing and treating underlying medical or psychological ...
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
The most common form of leukemia in adults, CLL is a malignant disease in which there are too many infection-fighting white blood cells called lymphocytes. In CLL, the developing ...
Chronic phase
: Refers to the early stages of chronic myelogenous leukemia. The number of immature, abnormal white blood cells in the bone marrow and blood is higher than normal, but lower ...
Chronic tamponade
A situation in which a chronic excess of fluid inside the pericardial sac and thickening of the pericardial sac progressively compress the heart and impair its performance. The ...
Chronicity
Characterized by long duration. The state of being chronic. * * * The state of being chronic.
chrono-
Time. [G. chronos]
chrono-oncology
The study of the influence of biological rhythms on neoplastic growth; also used to describe anti-cancer treatment based on the timing of drug administration. [G. chronos, time, + ...
chronobiology
That aspect of biology concerned with the timing of biological events, especially repetitive or cyclic phenomena in individual organisms. [ chrono- + G. bios, life, + logos, ...
chronognosis
Perception of the passage of time. [ chrono- + G. gnosis, knowledge]
chronograph
An instrument for graphic measurement and recording brief periods of time. [ chrono- + G. grapho, to record]
chronometry
Measurement of intervals of time. [ chrono- + G. metron, measure] - mental c. study of the duration of mental and behavorial processes.
chronopharmacology
A branch of chronobiology concerned with the effects of drugs upon the timing of biological events and rhythms, and the relation of biological timing to the effects of drugs.
chronophobia
Morbid fear of the duration or immensity of time.
chronophotograph
A photograph taken as one of a series for the purpose of showing successive phases of a motion.
chronotaraxis
Distortion or confusion of the sense of time. [ chrono- + G. taraxis, confusion]
chronotherapy
The practice of administering chemotherapy at certain times of the day that are thought to be optimal for enhanced activity or lessened toxicity. SEE ALSO: chrono- oncology. [ ...
chronotropic
Affecting the rate of rhythmic movements such as the heartbeat.
chronotropism
Modification of the rate of a periodic movement, e.g., the heartbeat, through some external influence. [ chrono- + G. trope, turn, change] - negative c. retardation of movement, ...
chroococcals
A class of cyanobacteria in which the cells are solitary or colonial. [Chroococcus fr. G. chros, chroos, color, + coccus]
chrys-, chryso-
Gold; corresponds to L. auro-. [G. chrysos]
chrysanthemum-carboxylic acids
Cyclopropane carboxylic acid s substituted in one position by two methyl groups, the other by 2-methyl-1-propenyl (chrysanthemum monocarboxylic acid) or by ...
Chrysaora
A genus of the invertebrate phylum Cnidaria that includes the sea nettle. - C. quinquecirrha the sea nettle, a jellyfish that can inflict moderate to severe stings. SEE ALSO: ...
chrysarobin
An extract of Goa powder; a complex mixure of reduction products of chrysophanic acid, emodin, and emodin monomethyl ether; used locally in ringworm, psoriasis, and eczema. ...
chrysazine
SYN: danthron.
chrysiasis
A permanent slate-gray discoloration of the skin and sclera resulting from deposition of gold in macrophages. SYN: auriasis, aurochromoderma. [G. chrysos, gold]
chrysocyanosis
Pigmentation of skin due to reaction to therapeutic use of gold salts.
chrysoidin
A dye (MW 249) made from aniline, used in histology and as an indicator (changing from orange to yellow at pH 4.0 to 7.0); also employed as a substitute for Bismarck brown. C. ...
Chrysomyia
A genus of myiasis-producing fleshflies (family Calliphoridae) with medium-sized metallic-colored adults; includes the Old World screw worm, C. bezziana (sometimes called ...
Chrysops
The deerfly, a genus of biting flies with about 80 North American species, characterized by a splotched wing pattern; C. discalis is a vector of Francisella tularensis in the ...
Chrysosporium parvum
Former name for Emmonsia parva.
chrysotherapy
Treatment of disease by the administration of gold salts. SYN: aurotherapy. [G. chrysos, gold]
chunking
The process within short-term memory of combining disparate items of information so that they take up as little as possible of the limited space in short-term memory; e.g., ...
Churg
Jacob, U.S. pathologist, *1910. See C.- Strauss syndrome.
chutta
Cancer of the roof of the mouth developing in Asians who smoke cigars with the lighted end inside the mouth. A similar association has been reported from South America and ...
Chvostek
Franz, Austrian surgeon, 1834–1884. See C. sign.
chyl-
See chylo-.
chylangioma
A mass of prominent, dilated lacteals and larger intestinal lymphatic vessels. [ chyl- + G. angeion, vessel, + -oma, tumor]
chylaqueous
Referring to watery chyle. [ chyl- + L. aqua, water]
Chyle
A fluid consisting of a mixture of lymphatic fluid (lymph) and chylomicrons that has a milky appearance. Chylomicrons are small fat globules composed of protein and lipid (fat) ...
chylemia
The presence of chyle in the circulating blood. [ chyl- + G. haima, blood]
chylidrosis
Sweating of a milky fluid resembling chyle. [ chyl- + G. hidros, sweat]
chylifaction
SYN: chylopoiesis. [ chyl- + L. facio, to make]
chylifactive
SYN: chylopoietic.
chyliferous
Conveying chyle. SYN: chylophoric. [ chyl- + L. fero, to carry]
chylification
SYN: chylopoiesis.
chyliform
Resembling chyle.
chylo-, chyl-
Chyle. [G. chylos, juice.]
chylocele
An effusion of chyle into the tunica vaginalis propria and space of the tunica vaginalis testis. [chylo- + G. kele, tumor] - parasitic c. SYN: elephantiasis scroti.
chylocyst
SYN: cisterna chyli. [chylo- + G. kystis, bladder]
chylomediastinum
Abnormal presence of chyle in the mediastinum.
Chylomicron
A small fat globule composed of protein and lipid (fat). Chylomicrons are found in the blood and lymphatic fluid where they serve to transport fat from its port of entry in the ...
chylomicronemia
The presence of chylomicrons, especially an increased number, in the circulating blood, as in type I familial hyperlipoproteinemia. SEE ALSO: familial c. syndrome.
chylopericardium
A milky pericardial effusion resulting from obstruction of the thoracic duct, from trauma, or of idiopathic origin.
chyloperitoneum
SYN: chylous ascites.
chylophoric
SYN: chyliferous. [chylo- + G. phoros, bearing]
chylopleura
SYN: chylothorax.
chylopneumothorax
Free chyle and air in the pleural space.
chylopoiesis
Formation of chyle in the intestine. SYN: chylifaction, chylification. [chylo- + G. poiesis, a making]
chylopoietic
Relating to chylopoiesis. SYN: chylifactive.
chylorrhea
The flow or discharge of chyle. [chylo- + G. rhoia, flow]
chylosis
The formation of chyle from the food in the intestine, its digestion and absorption by the intestinal mucosa, and its mixture with the blood and conveyance to the tissues.
chylothorax
An accumulation of chylous fluid in the pleural space. SYN: chylopleura, chylous hydrothorax.
chylous
Relating to chyle.
chyluria
The passage of chyle in the urine; a form of albiduria. [ chyl- + G. ouron, urine]
chymase
SYN: chymosin.
Chyme
A pre-digested, acidified mass of food that passes from the stomach into the small intestine. * * * The semifluid mass of partly digested food passed from the stomach into the ...
chymification
SYN: chymopoiesis. [G. chymos, juice, + L. facio, to make]
chymopapain
A cysteine proteinase similar to papain in specificity; on rare occasions, it is used to shrink slipped disks as an alternative to surgery; used as a meat tenderizer. It is the ...
chymopoiesis
The production of chyme; the physical state of food (semifluid) brought about by digestion in the stomach. SYN: chymification. [G. chymos, juice, chyme, + poiesis, a making]
chymorrhea
The flow of chyme. [G. chymos, juice, + rhoia, flow]
chymosin
An aspartic proteinase structurally homologous with pepsin, formed from prochymosin; the milk-curdling enzyme obtained from the glandular layer of the stomach of the calf. ...
chymosinogen
SYN: prochymosin.
chymostatin
An oligopeptide that is known to inhibit chymotrypsin-like proteases ( e.g., cathepsin A, B, and D, and papain).
chymotrypsin
C. A or B; a serine proteinase of the gastrointestinal tract that preferentially cleaves carboxyl links of hydrophobic amino acid s, particularly at tyrosyl, tryptophanyl, ...
chymotrypsinogen
The precursor of chymotrypsin. Converted to π-chymotrypsin by the action of trypsin.
chymous
Relating to chyme.
chymus
SYN: chyme.
chytide
A skin wrinkle.
Ci
Abbreviation for curie.
Ci (Curie)
Ci is the abbreviation for a Curie, a unit of radioactivity. (Specifically, the quantity of any radioactive nuclide in which the number of disintegrations per second is 3.7 X 10 ...
Ciaccio
Carmelo, Italian pathologist, 1877–1956. See C. stain. Giuseppe V., Italian anatomist, 1824–1901. See C. glands, under gland.
cib.
Abbreviation for L. cibus, food.
cibophobia
Fear of eating, or loathing for, food. [L. cibus, food, + G. phobos, fear]
CIC
Abbreviation for completely in the canal hearing aid. Abbreviation for clean intermittent bladder catheterization.
cicatrectomy
Excision of a scar. [L. cicatrix, scar, + G. ektome, excision]
cicatrices
Plural of cicatrix.
cicatricial
Relating to a scar.
cicatricotomy, cicatrisotomy
Cutting a scar. [L. cicatrix, scar, + G. tome, cutting]
cicatrix
A scar. [L.] - brain c. a scarring of the brain resulting from injury (reactive gliosis), characterized by proliferation of mesodermal (vascular) and ectodermal ( glial) ...
cicatrizant
1. Causing or favoring cicatrization. 2. An agent with such action.
cicatrization
1. The process of scar formation. 2. The healing of a wound otherwise than by first intention.
ciclopiroxolamine
A broad-spectrum antifungal agent used to treat a variety of fungus and yeast skin infections.
cicutoxin
A toxic principle present in water hemlock, Cicuta virosa (family Umbelliferae); pharmacologic action is similar to that of picrotoxin.
CIDP
Abbreviation for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.
Cigar
A small roll of tobacco leaf for smoking. The word "cigar," from the Spanish "cigarro," first appeared in English in 1730. In 1998, a National Cancer Institute report outlined ...
ciguatera
An acute toxic syndrome with predominantly gastrointestinal and neuromuscular features induced by ingestion of the flesh or viscera of various marine fish of the Caribbean and ...
ciguatoxin
A marine saponin of unknown structure but with the empirical formula C35H65NO8; the toxic substance causing ciguatera.
cilastatin sodium
An inhibitor of the renal dipeptidase, dehydropeptidase 1, used, in conjunction with antibiotics subject to metabolism in the kidneys, to increase therapeutic response to the ...
cili-
See cilio-.
cilia
Plural of cilium.
ciliary
1. Relating to any cilia or hairlike processes, specifically, the eyelashes. 2. Relating to certain of the structures of the eyeball. [Mod. L. ciliaris, relating to or resembling ...
Ciliary body
Part of the eye, the ciliary body is a thin vascular (blood vessel-filled) middle layer of the eye that is situated between the sclera (the white of the eye) and the retina (the ...
Ciliary muscle
One of the muscles that relax the zonules to enable the lens to change shape for focusing. The zonules are fibers that hold the lens suspended in position and enable it to change ...
Ciliary neuralgia
A distinctive syndrome of headaches, better known today as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache — the episodic and the chronic: ...
ciliastatic
Denoting a drug or condition that slows or stops the beating of cilia (generally used with reference to respiratory mucous membrane cilia).
Ciliata
Formerly considered a class of Protozoa whose members bear cilia or structures derived from them, such as cirri or membranelles, but now placed within the phylum Ciliophora. ...
ciliated
Having cilia.
ciliates
Common name for members of the Ciliata.
ciliectomy
SYN: cyclectomy.

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