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Слова на букву chem-culi (2629)

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cilio-, cili-
Cilia or meaning ciliary, in any sense; eyelashes. [L. cilium, eyelid (eyelash)]
ciliocytophthoria
Detached ciliary tufts (remnants of ciliated epithelium) that can be seen in a variety of body fluids, especially peritoneal, amnionic, and respiratory specimens; they are ...
ciliogenesis
The formation of cilia.
Ciliophora
A phylum of protozoa that includes the abundant free-living ciliates and the sessile suctorians; formerly classified as a subphylum of the phylum Protozoa. [cilio- + G. phoros, ...
cilioretinal
Pertaining to the ciliary body and the retina.
cilioscleral
Relating to the ciliary body and the sclera.
ciliospinal
Relating to the ciliary body and the spinal cord; denoting in particular the c. center.
ciliotoxicity
The characteristic of a drug or other substance that impairs ciliary activity (generally refers to respiratory mucous membrane cilia) ( e.g., tobacco smoke).
Cilium
A fine hairlike projection from a cell such as those in the respiratory tract. Cilia can help to sweep away fluids and particles. Some single-celled organisms use the rhythmical ...
Cillobacterium
An obsolete genus of motile, anaerobic bacteria containing Gram-positive, straight or curved rods.
cimetidine
A histamine analogue and antagonist used to treat peptic ulcer and hypersecretory conditions by blocking histamine H2 receptor sites, thus inhibiting gastric acid secretion.
Cimex
A genus of bedbugs of the family Cimicidae in the order Hemiptera, with flat, reddish-brown, wingless bodies, prominent lateral eyes, a three-jointed beak, and a characteristic ...
Cimino
James E., U.S. nephrologist, *1928. See Brescia-C. fistula.
cIMP
Abbreviation for cyclic inosine 3,5-monophosphate.
cin-
See cine-.
cinanesthesia
SYN: kinanesthesia.
cinanserin hydrochloride
A serotonin inhibitor.
cinchol
SYN: β-sitosterol.
cinchona
The dried bark of the root and stem of various species of C., a genus of evergreen trees (family Rubiaceae), native of South America but cultivated in various tropical regions. ...
cinchonic
Relating to cinchona.
cinchonine
A quinoline alkaloid prepared from the bark of several species of Cinchona; a tonic and antimalarial agent. Several c. salts are available.
cinchonism
Poisoning by cinchona, quinine, or quinidine; characterized by tinnitus, headache, deafness, and occasionally, anaphylactoid shock. SYN: quininism.
cinchophen
An analgesic, antipyretic, and uricosuric agent that may produce liver damage and gastric lesions; used in experimental animals to produce gastric ulcer.
cinclisis
Rapid repetition of a movement, e.g., rapidly repeated winking. [G. kingklizo, to wag the tail, change constantly]
cine-, cin-
Movement, usually relating to motion pictures. SEE ALSO: kin-. [G. kineo, to move]
cineangiocardiography
Motion pictures of the passage of a contrast medium through chambers of the heart and great vessels.
cinefluorography
SYN: cineradiography.
cinefluoroscopy
SYN: cineradiography.
cinegastroscopy
Motion pictures of gastroscopic observations.
cinematics
SYN: kinematics.
cineole, cineol
A stimulant expectorant obtained from the volatile oil of Eucalyptus globulus and other species of Eucalyptus. SYN: cajeputol, cajuputol, eucalyptol.
cinephotomicrography
The making of a motion picture of microscopic objects; time lapse photography is often used.
cineplastics
SYN: cineplastic amputation.
cineradiography
Radiography of an organ in motion, e.g., the heart, the gastrointestinal tract. SYN: cinefluorography, cinefluoroscopy, cineroentgenography.
cinerea
1. The gray matter of the brain and other parts of the nervous system. 2. Obsolete term for mantle layer. [L. fem. of cinereus, ashy, fr. cinis, ashes]
cinereal
Relating to the gray matter of the nervous system.
cineritious
Ashen; denoting the gray matter of the brain, spinal cord, and ganglia.
cineroentgenography
SYN: cineradiography.
cineseismography
A technique for measuring movements of the body by continuous photographic recording of shaking or vibration.
cinetoplasm, cinetoplasma
SYN: kinetoplasm.
cingulate
Relating to a cingulum.
cingulectomy
SYN: cingulotomy. [ cingulum + G. ektome, excision]
cingulotomy
Formerly, a unilateral or bilateral surgical excision of the anterior half of the cingulate gyrus, but now accomplished by electrolytic destruction of the anterior cingulate ...
cingulum
1. SYN: girdle. 2. A well-marked fiber bundle passing longitudinally in the white matter of the cingulate gyrus; the bundle extends from the region of the anterior perforated ...
cinnamaldehyde
Chief constituent of cinnamon oil. SYN: cinnamic aldehyde.
cinnamate
A salt or ester of cinnamic acid.
cinnamein
SYN: benzyl cinnamate.
cinnamene
SYN: styrene.
cinnamic
Relating to cinnamon.
cinnamic acid
Obtained from cinnamon oil, Peruvian and tolu balsams, or storax. It has been used in lupus as paint and in infectious diseases to promote leukocytosis. SYN: cinnamylic acid, ...
cinnamic alcohol
SYN: styrone.
cinnamic aldehyde
SYN: cinnamaldehyde.
cinnamon
1. The dried bark of Cinnamomum loureirii Nees (family Lauraceae), an aromatic bark used as a spice and, in medicine, as an adjuvant, carminative, and aromatic stomachic. ...
cinnamon oil
The volatile oil distilled with steam from the leaves and twigs of Cinnamomum cassia; it contains not less than 80% by volume of the total aldehydes of c.. SYN: cassia oil.
cinnamylic acid
SYN: cinnamic acid.
cinnarizine
An H1 antihistaminic. SYN: cinnipirine.
cinnipirine
SYN: cinnarizine.
cinocentrum
SYN: cytocentrum.
cinoxacin
A synthetic organic acid, chemically related to nalidixic acid, used as an antibacterial to treat urinary tract infections.
cinoxate
An ultraviolet screen for topical application on the skin.
cion
Archaic term for uvula. [G. kion, pillar, the uvula]
ciprofloxacin hydrochloride
A synthetic fluoroquinolone broad-spectrum antibacterial with activity against a wide range of Gram-negative and Gram-positive organisms.
cirantin
SYN: hesperidin.
Circadian
Refers to events occurring within a 24-hour period, in the span of a full (24-hour) day, as in a circadian rhythm. The word “circadian” is a 20th-century invention. It was ...
circellus
A small circle. [L.] - c. venosus hypoglossi SYN: venous plexus of canal of hypoglossal nerve.
circhoral
Occurring cyclically about once an hour.
circinate
Circular; ring-shaped. [L. circinatus, made round, pp. of circino, to make round, fr. circinus, a pair of compasses]
Circinate balanitis
A form of skin inflammation around the penis in males with Reiter's syndrome. The skin around the shaft and tip (glans) penis can become inflamed and scale. This inflammation ...
circle
1. [TA] In anatomy, a ring-shaped structure or group of structures, as formed by anastomosing arteries or veins, or by connected (communicating) nerves, 2. A line or process ...
Circle of Willis
The circle of Willis is an arterial circle of critical importance at the base of the brain. It is called an arterial anastomosis, a joining of arteries. The circle of Willis ...
circuit
The path or course of flow of cases or electric or other currents. [L. circuitus, a going round, fr. circum, around, + eo, pp. itus, to go] - anesthetic c. equipment used during ...
Circular breathing
Inhaling through the nose and inflating the cheeks and neck with air at the same time. Some saxophone players do circular breathing; this may not be a safe practice since it may ...
Circulation
The movement of fluid in a regular or circuitous course. Although the noun "circulation" does not necessarily refer to the circulation of the blood, for all practical ...
Circulation, fetal
The blood circulation in the fetus (the unborn baby). Before birth, the blood from the heart that is destined (in the pulmonary artery) for the lungs is shunted away from the ...
Circulatory
Having to do with the circulation, the movement of fluid in a regular or circuitous course. Although the adjective "circulatory" need not necessarily refer to the ...
circulus
SYN: circle. 2. A circle formed by connecting arteries, veins, or nerves. [L. dim. of circus, circle] - c. arteriosus cerebri [TA] SYN: cerebral arterial circle. - c. arteriosus ...
circum-
A circular movement, or a position surrounding the part indicated by the word to which it is joined. SEE ALSO: peri-. [L. around]
circumanal
Surrounding the anus. SYN: perianal, periproctic.
circumarticular
Surrounding a joint. SYN: periarthric, periarticular. [ circum- + L. articulus, joint]
circumaxillary
Around the axilla. SYN: periaxillary.
circumbulbar
SYN: peribulbar.
circumcise
To remove the prepuce or other tissue by circumferential incision (circumcision).
Circumcision
Surgery that removes the foreskin (the loose tissue) covering the glans of the penis. Circumcision may be performed for religious or cultural reasons, or health reasons. Newborn ...
circumcorneal
SYN: pericorneal.
circumductio
SYN: circumduction.
circumduction
1. Movement of a part, e.g., an extremity, in a circular direction. 2. SYN: cycloduction. SYN: circumductio [TA]. [ circum- + L. duco, pp. ductus, to draw]
circumference
The outer boundary, especially of a circular area. SYN: circumferentia [TA]. [L. circumferentia, a bearing around] - articular c. of head of radius [TA] the portion of the head ...
circumferentia
SYN: circumference. [L. a bearing around] - c. articularis capitis radii [TA] SYN: articular circumference of head of radius. - c. articularis capitis ulnae [TA] SYN: ...
circumflex
Describing an arc of a circle or that which winds around something; denotes several anatomic structures: arteries, veins, nerves, and muscles. [ circum- + L. flexus, to bend]
circumgemmal
Surrounding a budlike or bulblike body; denoting a mode of nerve termination by fibrils surrounding an end bulb. SYN: perigemmal. [ circum- + L. gemma, a bud]
circumintestinal
SYN: perienteric.
circumlental
SYN: perilenticular.
circummandibular
Around or about the mandible.
circumnuclear
SYN: perinuclear.
circumocular
Around the eye. SYN: periocular, periophthalmic. [ circum- + L. oculus, eye]
circumoral
SYN: perioral. [ circum- + L. os (oris), mouth]
circumorbital
Around the orbit. SYN: periorbital (2).
circumrenal
SYN: perinephric. [ circum- + L. ren, kidney]
circumscribed
Bounded by a line; limited or confined. SYN: circumscriptus. [ circum- + L. scribo, to write]
circumscriptus
SYN: circumscribed. [L.]
circumstantiality
A disturbance in the thought process, either voluntary or involuntary, in which one gives an excessive amount of detail (circumstances) that is often tangential, elaborate, and ...
circumvallate
Denoting a structure surrounded by a wall, as the c. ( vallate) papillae of the tongue. [ circum- + L. vallum, wall]
circumvascular
SYN: perivascular. [ circum- + L. vasculum, vessel]
circumventricular
Around or in the area of a ventricle, as are the c. organs.
circumvolute
Twisted around; rolled about. [L. circum-volvo, pp. -volutus, to roll around]
cirrhogenous, cirrhogenic
Rarely used term for tending to the development of cirrhosis. [G. kirrhos, yellow (liver), + -gen, producing]
cirrhonosus
A disease of the fetus marked anatomically by a yellow staining of the peritoneum and pleura. [G. kirrhos, yellow (liver), + nosos, disease]
cirrhosis
Endstage liver disease characterized by diffuse damage to hepatic parenchymal cells, with nodular regeneration, fibrosis, and disturbance of normal architecture; associated with ...
Cirrhosis with diffuse degeneration of cerebral gray matter, Alpers
A progressive disease of the nervous system characterized by spasticity (tightness), myoclonus and dementia and by liver problems with jaundice and cirrhosis. This disorder, ...
cirrhotic
Relating to or affected with cirrhosis or advanced fibrosis.
cirri
Plural of cirrus.
cirrose, cirrous
Relating to or having cirri.
cirsoid
SYN: variciform. [G. kirsos, varix, + eidos, appearance]
cirsomphalos
Rarely used term for caput medusae [G. kirsos, varix, + omphalos, umbilicus]
Clauberg
Karl W., German bacteriologist, *1893. See C. test, C. unit.
Claude
Henri, French psychiatrist, 1869–1945. See C. syndrome.
claudication
Limping, usually referring to intermittent c.. [L. claudicatio, fr. claudico, to limp] - intermittent c. a condition caused by ischemia of the muscles; characterized by attacks ...
claudicatory
Relating to claudication, especially intermittent claudication.
Claudius
Friedrich M., German anatomist, 1822–1869. See C. cells, under cell, C. fossa.
Clausen
J., Danish physician. See Dyggve-Melchior-C. syndrome.
claustra
Plural of claustrum.
claustral
Relating to the claustrum.
Claustrophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of closed spaces, of being closed in or being shut in, as in elevators, tunnels, or any other confined space. The fear is excessive (and quite ...
claustrophobic
Relating to or suffering from claustrophobia.
claustrum
1. One of several anatomic structures bearing a resemblance to a barrier. 2. [TA] A thin, vertically placed lamina of gray matter lying close to the putamen, from which it is ...
clausura
SYN: atresia. [L. a lock, bolt, fr. claudo, to close]
clava
SYN: gracile tubercle. [L. a club]
claval
Relating to the clava.
clavate
Club-shaped. [L. clava, a club]
Claviceps purpurea
See ergot. [L. clava, club, + caput, head]
Clavicle
The bone extending from the breastbone (sternum) at the base of the front of the neck to the shoulder. * * * A doubly curved long bone that forms part of the shoulder girdle. Its ...
clavicula
SYN: clavicle. [L. c., a small key, fr. clavis, key]
clavicular
Relating to the clavicle.
claviculus
One of the perforating collagen fibers of bone. [Mod. L. dim. of L. clavus, a nail]
clavulanic acid
A beta-lactam structurally related to the penicillins that inactivate β-lactamase enzymes in penicillin-resistant organisms; usually used in combination with penicillins to ...
Clavus
A small calloused area of skin caused by local pressure irritating tissue over a bony prominence. Also called a corn. A clavus most commonly occurs over a toe where it forms what ...
claw
A sharp, slender, usually curved nail on the paw of an animal. [L. clavus, a nail]
clawfoot
A condition of the foot characterized by hyperextension at the metatarsophalangeal joint and flexion at the interphalangeal joints, as a fixed contracture.
clawhand
Atrophy of the interosseous muscles of the hand with hyperextension of the metacarpophalangeal joints and flexion of the interphalangeal joints; develops as a result of nerve ...
Clay-shoveler’s fracture
An uncommon breakage of the spine of the vertebrae from the lower neck or upper back as a result of stress. Clay-shoveler’s fracture usually occurs in laborers who perform ...
Claybrook
Edwin B., U.S. surgeon, 1871–1931. See C. sign.
CLB
Abbreviation for cyanobacterialike, coccidialike or Cryptosporidium-like organisms that have now been identified as coccidia in the genus Cyclospora (C. cayetanensis).
cleaning
In dentistry, a procedure whereby accretions are removed from the teeth or from a dental prosthesis. SEE ALSO: dental prophylaxis. - ultrasonic c. in dentistry, the use of a ...
clearance
1. (C with a subscript indicating the substance removed)Removal of a substance from the blood, e.g., by renal excretion, expressed in terms of the volume flow of arterial blood ...
clearer
An agent, used in histological preparations, which is miscible in both the dehydrating or fixing fluid and the embedding substance.
cleavage
1. Series of mitotic cell divisions occurring in the ovum immediately following its fertilization. SYN: segmentation (2). SEE ALSO: c. division. 2. Splitting of a complex ...
cleaver
A heavy knife for cutting or chopping. - enamel c. an instrument with a heavy shank and a very short blade at about 90° to the axis of the handle; used with a hoeing motion to ...
cleft
A fissure. - anal c. SYN: intergluteal c.. - branchial clefts a bilateral series of slitlike openings into the pharynx through which water is drawn by aquatic animals; in the ...
Cleft lip
The presence of one or two vertical fissures (clefts) in the upper lip — cleft lip can be on one side only (unilateral) or on both sides (bilateral) — resulting from failure ...
Cleft palate
An opening in the roof of the mouth (the palate) due to a failure of the palatal shelves to come fully together from either side of the mouth and fuse, as they normally should, ...
Cleft uvula
The uvula, the little V-shaped fleshy mass hanging from the back of the soft palate, is cleft. . Cleft uvula is a common minor anomaly occurring in about 1% of whites and 10% ...
cleid-
See cleido-.
cleidagra, clidagra
Rarely used term for a sudden severe pain in the clavicle, resembling gout. [ cleid- + G. agra, seizure]
cleidal
Relating to the clavicle. SYN: clidal.
cleido-, cleid-
The clavicle; also spelled clido-, clid-. [G. kleis, bar, bolt]
cleidocostal
Relating to the clavicle and a rib. SYN: clidocostal. [cleido- + L. costa, rib]
cleidocranial
Relating to the clavicle and the cranium. SYN: clidocranial. [G. kleis, clavicle, + kranion, cranium]
Cleidocranial dysostosis
A genetic (inherited) disorder of bone development characterized by: {{}}Absent or incompletely formed collar bones (the “cleido-“ part refers to the clavicles, the collar ...
Cleidocranial dysplasia
A genetic (inherited) disorder of bone development characterized by: {{}}Absent or incompletely formed collar bones (the “cleido-“ part refers to the clavicles, the collar ...
cleidotomy
Cutting the clavicle of a dead fetus to effect a vaginal delivery. [cleido- + -tomy]
cleistothecium
In fungi, an ascocarp that is closed, with randomly dispersed asci. [G. kleistos, enclosed, + theke, box]
Cleland
W. Wallace, U.S. biochemist, *1930. See C. reagent.
clemastine
An H1 antihistaminic. SYN: meclastine.
cleoid
A dental instrument with a pointed elliptical cutting end, used in excavating cavities or carving fillings and waxes. [A. S. cle, claw + G. eidos, resemblance]
cleptoparasite
A parasite that develops on the prey of the parasite's host. [G. klepto, to steal, + parasite]
Cléret
M. Francois, French physician, 1876–1968. See Launois-C. syndrome.
Clevenger
Shobal V., U.S. neurologist, 1843–1920. See C. fissure.
CLIA
Abbreviation for Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments.
click
A slight, sharp sound. - ejection c. a clicking ejection sound. See sound. - mitral c. the opening snap of the mitral valve. - systolic c. a sharp, clicking sound heard ...
Click-murmur syndrome
Mitral valve prolapse (also known as "Barlow’s syndrome"), the most common heart valve abnormality, affecting 5-10% of the world population. Most patients have no ...
clicking
A snapping, crepitant noise noted on excursions of the temporomandibular articulation, due to an asynchronous movement of the disk and condyle.
clid-
See clido-.
clidal
SYN: cleidal.
clidinium bromide
An anticholinergic.
clido-, clid-
The clavicle. SEE ALSO: cleido-. [G. kleis, bar, bolt]
clidocostal
SYN: cleidocostal.
clidocranial
SYN: cleidocranial.
climacophobia
Morbid fear of stairs or of climbing. [G. klimax, ladder, + phobos, fear]
climacteric
1. The period of endocrinal, somatic, and transitory psychologic changes occurring in the transition to menopause. 2. A critical period of life. SYN: climacterium. [G. ...
climacterium
SYN: climacteric.
climatology
The study of climate and its relation to disease.
climatotherapy
Treatment of disease by removal of the patient to a region having a climate more favorable for recovery.
climax
1. The height or acme of a disease; its stage of greatest severity. 2. SYN: orgasm. [G. klimax, staircase]
climograph
A diagram showing the effect of climate on health. [G. klima, climate, + grapho, to record]
clindamycin
An antibacterial and antibiotic.
cline
A systematic relation between location and the frequencies of alleles; lines connecting points of equal frequency are termed isoclines, and the direction of the c. at any point ...
clinic
1. An institution, building, or part of a building where ambulatory patients are cared for. 2. An institution, building, or part of a building in which medical instruction is ...
clinical
1. Relating to the bedside of a patient or to the course of the disease. 2. Denoting the symptoms and course of a disease, as distinguished from the laboratory findings of ...
Clinical cytogenetics
The application of chromosome studies to clinical medicine. For example, clinical cytogenetic testing is done to see if a child with possible Down syndrome has an extra ...
Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments
Federal legislation, and the personnel and procedures established by it under the aegis of the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), for the surveillance and regulation ...
Clinical psychology
A professional specialty concerned with diagnosing and treating diseases of the brain, emotional disturbance, and behavior problems. Psychologists can only use talk therapy as ...
Clinical research trials
Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical devices by monitoring their effects on large groups of people. Clinical research trials may be conducted ...
Clinical social worker, licensed
A licensed clinical social worker (L.C.S.W.) is trained in psychotherapy and helps individuals deal effectively with a variety of mental health and daily living problems to ...
Clinical trials
Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical devices by monitoring their effects on large groups of people. Clinical research trials may be ...
clinician
A health professional engaged in the care of patients, as distinguished from one working in other areas.
clinicopathologic
Pertaining to the signs and symptoms manifested by a patient, and also the results of laboratory studies, as they relate to the findings in the gross and histologic examination of ...
clino-
A slope ( inclination or declination) or bend. [G. klino, to slope, incline, or bend]
clinocephalic, clinocephalous
Relating to clinocephaly.
clinocephaly
Craniosynostosis in which the upper surface of the skull is concave, presenting a saddle-shaped appearance in profile. SYN: saddle head. [ clino- + G. kephale, head]
Clinodactyly
: Curving of the fifth finger (the little finger) toward the fourth finger (the ring finger). Sometimes called "fifth finger clinodactyly" to distinguish it from similar curving ...
clinography
Graphic representation of the signs and symptoms exhibited by a patient. [G. kline, bed, + grapho, to write]
clinoid
1. Resembling a four-poster bed. 2. SYN: c. process. [G. kline, bed, + eidos, resemblance]
Clinophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of going to bed. Sufferers from clinophobia experience anxiety even though they realize that going to bed normally should not threaten their ...
clioquinol
SYN: iodochlorhydroxyquin.
clioxanide
An anthelmintic.
clip
1. A fastener used to hold a part or thing together with another. 2. A fastener used to close off a small vessel. - wound c. a metal clasp or device for surgical approximation ...
clithrophobia
Morbid fear of being locked in. [G. kleithron, a bolt, + phobos, fear]
clition
A craniometric point in the middle of the highest part of the clivus on the sphenoid bone. [G. klitos, a declivity]
clitoridean
Relating to the clitoris.
clitoridectomy
Removal of the clitoris. [ clitoris + G. ektome, excision]
clitoriditis
Inflammation of the clitoris. SYN: clitoritis. [ clitoris + G. -itis, inflammation]
Clitoris
A small mass of erectile tissue situated at the anterior apex of the vestibule. * * * A cylindric, erectile body, rarely exceeding 2 cm in length, situated at the most anterior ...
clitorism
Prolonged and usually painful erection of the clitoris; the analogue of priapism.
clitoritis
SYN: clitoriditis.
clitoromegaly
An enlarged clitoris. [ clitoris + G. megas, great]
clitoroplasty
Any plastic surgery procedure on the clitoris. [ clitoris + G. plastos, formed]
clival
Pertaining to the clivus.
clivus
1. A downward sloping surface. 2. [TA] The sloping surface from the dorsum sellae to the foramen magnum composed of part of the body of the sphenoid and part of the basal part ...
Cloaca
: A common passageway for feces, urine and reproduction. At one point in the development of the human embryo, there is a cloaca. It is the far end of a structure called the ...
cloacal
Pertaining to the cloaca.
Cloacal exstrophy
A birth defect involving the pelvic area that is termed a malformation sequence and involves the cloaca. A cloaca is a common passageway for feces, urine and reproduction. ...
clobazam
A novel benzodiazepine psychotherapeutic agent in which the nitrogens in the heterocyclic ring are in the 1,5- rather than in the more usual 1,4- positions; an anxiolytic.
clobetasol propionate
An anti-inflammatory corticosteroid usually used in topical preparations.
clocortolone
An anti-inflammatory corticosteroid usually used in topical preparations; available as the acetate and the pivalate.
clofazimine
A tuberculostatic and leprostatic agent.
clofenamide
A diuretic. SYN: monochlorphenamide.
clofibrate
An antilipemic agent that reduces plasma levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and uric acid; used in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis.
clogestone acetate
A progestational agent.
clomacran phosphate
A tranquilizer.
clomegestone acetate
A progestational drug.
clomiphene citrate
An analog of the nonsteroid estrogen, chlorotrianisene; a pituitary gonadotropin stimulant used therapeutically to induce ovulation; it competes with estrogen at the ...
clomipramine hydrochloride
An antidepressant.
clonal
Pertaining to a clone.
clonazepam
An anticonvulsant drug in the benzodiazepine class.
Clone
Literally a fragment, the word in modern medical science has come to mean a replica, for example, of a group of bacteria or a macromolecule such as DNA. Clone also refers to an ...
Clones, recombinant
Clones containing recombinant DNA molecules.
clonic
Relating to or characterized by clonus.
clonicity
The state of being clonic.
clonicotonic
Both clonic and tonic; said of certain forms of muscular spasm.
clonidine hydrochloride
An antihypertensive agent with central and peripheral actions; it stimulates adrenergic receptors in the brain leading to reduced sympathetic nervous system output; used as an ...
Cloning
The process of making a clone, a genetically identical copy. Cloning can refer to the technique of producing a genetically identical copy of an organism by replacing the nucleus ...
Cloning vector
A DNA molecule originating from a virus, a plasmid (see below) or the cell of a higher organism into which another DNA fragment can be integrated without loss of the vector's ...
Cloning, cell
The process of producing a group of cells (clones), all genetically identical, from a single ancestor.
Cloning, DNA
The use of DNA manipulation procedures to produce multiple copies of a single gene or segment of DNA.
Cloning, therapeutic
A procedure in which cells, typically skin cells, are taken from a patient and inserted into a fertilized egg whose nucleus has been removed. The cell that is so created is ...
clonism
A long continued state of clonic spasms.
clonogenic
Arising from or consisting of a clone.
clonograph
An instrument for registering the movements in clonic spasm. [G. klonos, tumult, + grapho, to write]
clonorchiasis
A disease caused by the fluke Clonorchis sinensis, affecting the distal bile ducts of humans and other fish-eating animals after ingestion of raw, smoked, or undercooked fish or ...
clonorchiosis
SYN: clonorchiasis.
Clonorchis sinensis
The Asiatic liver fluke, a species of trematodes (family Opisthorchiidae) that in the Far East infects the bile passages of humans and other fish-eating animals; cyprinoid fish ...
clonus
A form of movement marked by contractions and relaxations of a muscle, occurring in rapid succession seen with, among other conditions, spasticity and some seizure disorders. SEE ...
clopamide
A diuretic and antihypertensive agent.
Cloquet
Hippolyte, French anatomist, 1787–1840. See C. space. Jules G., French anatomist, 1790–1883. See C. canal, C. hernia, C. septum, proximal deep inguinal lymph node.
clorazepate
The mono- or dipotassium salt is used as an anti-anxiety agent; a benzodiazepine prodrug for nordiazepam.
clorprenaline hydrochloride
A bronchodilator. SYN: isoprophenamine hydrochloride.
clostridia
Plural of clostridium.
clostridial
Relating to any bacterium of the genus Clostridium.
clostridiopeptidase A
SYN: Clostridium histolyticum collagenase.
clostridiopeptidase B
SYN: clostripain.
Clostridium
A group of anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that thrive in the absence of oxygen). There are 100+ species of Clostridium. They include, for examples, Clostridium difficile, ...
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)
A bacterium, one of the most common causes of infection of the large bowel (colon) in the U.S. affecting millions of people yearly. Patients taking antibiotics are at risk of ...
Clostridium histolyticum collagenase
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of collagen, preferentially at peptide bonds on the amino side of a glycylprolyl sequence. SYN: clostridiopeptidase A, collagenase A, ...

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