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Слова на букву chem-culi (2629)

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Colitis, mucus
A common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions (motility) characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel ...
Colitis, pseudomembranous
Severe inflammation of the inner lining of the colon due usually to the clostridium difficile (C.difficile) bacterium, one of the most common causes of infection of the large ...
Colitis, spastic
A common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions (motility) characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel ...
Colitis, ulcerative
A relatively common disease that causes inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). The cause is unknown. Ulcerative colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease. It ...
Colitis, universal
Ulcerative colitis that involves the entire colon (the large intestine). Ulcerative colitis itself is a relatively common disease involving inflammation of the large ...
colitose
A polysaccharide somatic antigen of Salmonella species.
colla
Plural of collum.
collaboration
Cochrane c. a worldwide network of clinical epidemiologists who review and publish results of randomized controlled trials. The aim is to provide improved data for use in ...
collacin
Degenerated collagen. SYN: collastin.
Collagen
Collagen is the principal protein of the skin, tendons, cartilage, bone and connective tissue. * * * The major protein (comprising over half of that in mammals) of the white ...
Collagen disease
A disease (autoimmune or otherwise) that attacks the collagen or other components of connective tissue, such as lupus.
Collagen injection
The practice of injecting collagen into a part of the face or body to make it larger, most often performed on the lips. The effects are long lasting but not permanent. Collagen ...
collagenase
A proteolytic enzyme that acts on one or more of the collagens. - microbial c. SYN: Clostridium histolyticum c..
collagenase A, collagenase I
SYN: Clostridium histolyticum collagenase.
collagenation
SYN: collagenization.
collagenic
SYN: collagenous.
collagenization
1. Replacement of tissues or fibrin by collagen. 2. Synthesis of collagen by fibroblasts. SYN: collagenation.
collagenolytic
Causing the lysis of collagen, gelatin, and other proteins containing proline. [collagen + G. lysis, dissolving]
collagenosis
See collagen disease. - reactive perforating c. a rare skin disorder characterized by extrusion of collagen fibers through the epidermis; usually begins in infancy or childhood ...
collagenous
Producing or containing collagen. SYN: collagenic.
collapse
1. A condition of extreme prostration, similar or identical to hypovolemic shock and due to the same causes. 2. A state of profound physical depression. 3. A falling together of ...
Collapsed lung
Failure of full expansion of a once fully expanded lung. Medically called atelectasis. The word comes from the Greek “a-“ (without) + “telos” (complete) + “rectasis” ...
collar
A band, usually denoting one encircling the neck. - renal c. in the embryo, a ring of veins around the aorta below the origin of the superior mesenteric artery.
Collarbone
A horizontal bone above the first rib that makes up the front part of the shoulder. The collarbone, also called the " clavicle," links the sternum, or breastbone, with the ...
collarette
1. The sinuous, scalloped line in the iris that divides the central pupillary zone from the peripheral ciliary zone and marks the embryonic site of the atrophied minor vascular ...
collastin
SYN: collacin.
Collateral
In anatomy, a collateral is a subordinate or accessory part. A collateral is also a side branch, as of a blood vessel or nerve. After a coronary artery occlusion, collaterals ...
Collateral knee ligament, lateral
The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ...
Collateral knee ligament, medial
The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ...
collectins
A family of molecules that recognize and opsonize microbes during the preimmune response of a host and may activate the complement pathway.
Colles
Abraham, Irish surgeon, 1773–1843. See C. fascia, C. fracture, C. ligament, C. space.
Collet
Frédéric-Justin, French otolaryngologist, 1870–1965.
colliculectomy
Excision of the colliculus seminalis.
colliculus
A small elevation above the surrounding parts. [L. mound, dim. of collis, hill] - c. of arytenoid cartilage [TA] the elevation on the anterolateral surface of the arytenoid ...
Collier
James S., English physician, 1870–1935. See C. tract, C. sign.
colligation
1. A combination in which the components are distinguishable from one another. 2. The bringing of isolated events into a unified experience. 3. The formation of a covalent bond ...
colligative
1. Depending on numbers of particles. 2. Referring to properties of solutions that depend only on the concentration of dissolved substances and not on their nature ( e.g., ...
collimation
The method, in radiology, of restricting and confining the x-ray beam to a given area and, in nuclear medicine, of restricting the detection of emitted radiations from a given ...
collimator
A device of high absorption coefficient material used in collimation.
Collins
See Lukes-C. classification, Treacher C. syndrome.
colliotomy
Obsolete term for adhesiotomy. [G. kolla, glue, + G. tome, incision]
Collip
James B., Canadian endocrinologist, 1892–1965. See Noble-C. procedure, Anderson-C. test.
colliquation
1. Excessive discharge of fluid. 2. Liquefaction in the process of necrosis. [L. col-, together, + liquo, pp. liquatus, to cause to melt]
colliquative
Denoting or characteristic of colliquation.
Collis
John Leighton, British thoracic surgeon, *1911. See C. gastroplasty, C.-Nissen fundoplication, C.-Belsey fundoplication, C.- Belsey procedure.
collodion
A liquid made by dissolving pyroxylin or gun cotton in ether and alcohol; on evaporation it leaves a glossy contractile film; used as a protective for cuts or as a vehicle ...
collodium
SYN: collodion. [G. kolla, glue, + eidos, appearance]
colloid
1. Aggregates of atoms or molecules in a finely divided state (submicroscopic), dispersed in a gaseous, liquid, or solid medium, and resisting sedimentation, diffusion, and ...
colloid milium
Yellow papules developing in sun-damaged skin of the head and backs of the hands, composed of colloid material in the dermis resembling amyloid but with a different ...
colloidal
Denoting or characteristic of a colloid.
colloidin
SYN: colloid (3).
colloidoclasia, colloidoclasis
Obsolete term for a rupture of the colloid equilibrium in the body. [ colloid + G. klasis, fracture]
colloidoclastic
Obsolete term denoting colloidoclasia.
colloidogen
A substance capable of giving rise to a colloidal solution or suspension.
colloxylin
SYN: pyroxylin. [G. kolla, glue, + xylinos, woody, fr. xylon, wood]
collum
neck. [L.] - c. anatomicum humeri [TA] SYN: anatomical neck of humerus. - c. chirurgicum humeri [TA] SYN: surgical neck of humerus. - c. costae [TA] SYN: neck of rib. - c. dentis ...
collutorium
SYN: mouthwash. [Mod. L. fr. col-luo, pp. -lutus, to wash thoroughly]
collutory
SYN: mouthwash. [L. colluere, to rinse]
collyrium
Originally, any preparation for the eye; now, an eyewash. [G. kollyrion, poultice, eye salve]
colo-
The colon. [G. kolon]
Coloboma
A congenital malformation (birth defect) in which part of the eye does not form due to failure of fusion of an embryonic feature called the intraocular fissure. The resultant ...
colocentesis
Puncture of the colon with a trochar or scalpel to relieve distention. SYN: colipuncture, colopuncture. [ colo- + G. kentesis, a puncture]
colocolic
From colon to colon; said of a spontaneous or induced anastomosis between two parts of the colon.
colocolostomy
Establishment of a communication between two noncontinuous segments of the colon. [ colo- + colo- + G. stoma, mouth]
colocynth
The peeled dried fruit of Citrullus colcynthis (family Cucurbitaceae), an herb of the sandy shores of the Mediterranean, resembling somewhat the watermelon plant; formerly widely ...
colocystoplasty
Enlargement of the urinary bladder by attaching a segment of colon to it.
coloenteritis
SYN: enterocolitis.
colohepatopexy
Attachment of the colon to the liver by adhesions. [ colo- + G. hepar (hepat-), liver, + pexis, fixation]
cololysis
Procedure of freeing the colon from adhesions. [ colo- + G. lysis, loosening]
colominic acid
Polymer of α(1,5)-N-acetylneuraminic acid; found in Escherichia coli.
Colon
The part of the large intestine that runs from the cecum to the rectum as a long hollow tube that serves to remove water from digested food and let the remaining material, solid ...
Colon cancer, family history of
Colorectal cancer can run in families. The colon cancer risk is higher if an immediate (first-degree) family member (parents, siblings or children) had colorectal cancer and even ...
Colon syndrome, nervous
A common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions (motility) characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel ...
colonalgia
Rarely used term for pain in the colon. [colon + G. algos, pain]
colonic
Relating to the colon.
Colonic (adjective)
Relating to the colon, that part of the large intestine that runs from the cecum to the rectum. For a personal example, I had 17 colonic polyps removed by colonoscopy.
Colonic (noun)
Colonic irrigation, the infusion of liquid into the colon through a tube in the rectum. It is claimed that colonics " detoxify" and "cleanse" the body and have other health ...
colonization
1. SYN: innidiation. 2. The formation of compact population groups of the same type of microorganism, as the colonies that develop when a bacterial cell begins reproducing. 3. ...
colonogram
Graphic recording of movements of the colon.
colonometer
A device for counting bacterial colonies.
colonopathy
Rarely used term for any disordered condition of the colon. SYN: colopathy. - fibrosing c. colonic fibrosis seen in cystic fibrosis patients, thought to be due to pancreatins.
colonorrhagia
Rarely used term for colorrhagia.
colonorrhea
SYN: colorrhea.
Colonoscope
: A flexible, lighted instrument used to view the inside of the colon. * * * A long, flexible fiberoptic endoscope.
colonoscopy
Visual examination of the inner surface of the colon by means of a colonoscope. SYN: coloscopy. [colon + G. skopeo, to view]
colony
1. A group of cells growing on a solid nutrient surface, each arising from the multiplication of an individual cell; a clone. 2. A group of people with similar interests, living ...
Colony-stimulating factor
A laboratory-made agent similar to a substance in the body that stimulates the production of blood cells. Treatment with colony-stimulating factors (CSFs) can help the blood- ...
colopathy
SYN: colonopathy.
colopexostomy
Rarely used term for establishment of connection between the lumen of the colon and the skin after the colon's fixation to the abdominal wall. [ colo- + G. pexis, fixation, + ...
colopexotomy
Rarely used term for incision into the colon after its fixation to the abdominal wall. [ colo- + G. pexis, fixation, + tome, incision]
colopexy
Attachment of a portion of the colon to the abdominal wall. [ colo- + G. pexis, fixation]
colophony
SYN: rosin. [Colophon, Summit, a town in Ionia]
coloplication
Reduction of the lumen of a dilated colon by making folds or tucks in its walls. SYN: coliplication. [ colo- + Mod. L. plica, fold]
coloproctitis
Inflammation of both colon and rectum. SYN: colorectitis, proctocolitis, rectocolitis. [ colo- + G. proktos, anus (rectum), + -itis, inflammation]
coloproctostomy
Establishment of a communication between the rectum and a discontinuous segment of the colon. SYN: colorectostomy. [ colo- + G. proktos, anus (rectum), + stoma, mouth]
coloptosis, coloptosia
Downward displacement, or prolapse, of the colon, especially of the transverse portion. SYN: coleoptosis. [ colo- + G. ptosis, a falling]
colopuncture
SYN: colocentesis.
color
1. That aspect of the appearance of objects and light sources that may be specified as to hue, lightness (brightness), and saturation. 2. That portion of the visible (370–760 ...
color match
The result of adjusting color mixtures until all visually apparent differences are minimal.
color solid
A schematic arrangement of color in space, the attributes of hue, saturation, and brightness being represented by cylindrical coordinates.
color triangle
A graph on which chromaticity coordinates are plotted.
Colorblindness
The inability to perceive colors in a normal fashion. The most common forms of colorblindness are inherited as sex-linked (X-linked) recessive traits. Females are carriers and ...
Colorblindness, red-green
A form of colorblindness in which red and green are perceived as identical. This is the most common type of colorblindness. It is also known as deuteranomaly, deuteranopia, ...
colorectal
Relating to the colon and rectum, or to the entire large bowel.
colorectitis
SYN: coloproctitis.
colorectostomy
SYN: coloproctostomy.
colorimeter
An optic device for determining the color and/or intensity of the color of a liquid. SYN: chromatometer, chromometer. - Duboscq c. an early apparatus for measuring the depth ...
colorimetric
Relating to colorimetry.
colorimetry
A procedure for quantitative chemical analysis, based on comparison of the color developed in a solution of the test material with that in a standard solution; the two solutions ...
colorrhagia
An abnormal discharge from the colon. [ colo- + G. rhegnymi, to burst forth]
colorrhaphy
Suture of the colon. [ colo- + G. rhaphe, suture]
colorrhea
Rarely used term for diarrhea thought to originate from a condition confined to or affecting chiefly the colon. SYN: colonorrhea. [ colo- + G. rhoia, a flow]
coloscopy
SYN: colonoscopy. [ colo- + G. skopeo, to view]
colosigmoidostomy
Establishment of an anastomosis between any other part of the colon and the sigmoid colon.
Colostomy
An alternative exit from the colon created to divert waste through a hole in the colon and through the wall of the abdomen. A colostomy is commonly performed by severing the colon ...
Colostomy bag
A removable, disposable bag that attaches to the exterior opening of a colostomy (stoma) to permit sanitary collection and disposal of bodily wastes.
Colostomy, a patient's perspective
For an excellent article about colostomy from a patient's viewpoint, please see Colostomy - A Patient's Perspective by Craig J. McCracken.
Colostomy, iliac
A colostomy in which the exterior opening (stoma) is located on the lower left side of the abdomen.
Colostomy, transverse
A colostomy in which the exterior opening (stoma) is located on the upper abdomen.
colostrorrhea
Abnormally profuse secretion of colostrum. [ colostrum, + G. rhoia, flow]
colostrous
Containing colostrum.
Colostrum
A sticky white or yellow fluid secreted by the breasts during the second half of pregnancy and for a few days after birth before the breast milk comes in. * * * A thin white ...
colotomy
Incision into the colon. [ colo- + G. tome, incision]
Colour Index
A publication concerned with the chemistry of dyes, with each listed dye identified by a five-digit C. number, e.g., methylene blue is C. 52015.
colp-
See colpo-.
colpatresia
SYN: vaginal atresia. [ colp- + G. atretos, imperforate]
colpectasis, colpectasia
Distention of the vagina. [ colp- + G. aktasis, stretching]
colpectomy
SYN: vaginectomy. [ colp- + G. ektome, excision]
Colpo- (prefix)
Combining form from the Greek kolpos meaning a fold, cleft, or hollow and usually referring to the vagina. Words incorporating colpo- as the start of the word include ...
colpo-, colp-
The vagina. SEE ALSO: vagino-. [G. kolpos, fold or hollow]
colpocele
1. A hernia projecting into the vagina. SYN: vaginocele. 2. SYN: colpoptosis. [colpo- + G. kele, hernia]
Colpocephaly
A brain disorder in which there is an abnormal enlargement of the occipital horns of the brain —the posterior or rear portion of the lateral ventricles (cavities or chambers) of ...
colpocleisis
Operation for obliterating the lumen of the vagina. [colpo- + G. kleisis, closure]
colpocystoplasty
Plastic surgery to repair the vesicovaginal wall. [colpo- + G. kystis, bladder, + plastos, formed]
colpocystotomy
Incision into the bladder through the vagina. [colpo- + G. kystis, bladder, + tome, incision]
colpocystoureterotomy
Incision into the ureter by way of the vagina and the bladder. [colpo- + G. kystis, bladder, + oureter, ureter, + tome, incision]
colpodynia
SYN: vaginodynia. [colpo- + G. odyne, pain]
colpohysterectomy
SYN: vaginal hysterectomy. [colpo- + G. hystera, uterus, + ektome, excision]
colpohysteropexy
Operation for fixation of the uterus performed through the vagina. [colpo- + G. hystera, uterus, + pexis, fixation]
colpohysterotomy
SYN: vaginal hysterotomy. [colpo- + G. hystera, uterus, + tome, incision]
colpomicroscope
Special microscope for direct visual examination of the cervical tissue.
colpomicroscopy
Direct observation and study of cells in the vagina and cervix magnified in vivo, in the undisturbed tissue, by means of a colpomicroscope.
colpomycosis
SYN: vaginomycosis.
colpomyomectomy
SYN: vaginal myomectomy. [colpo- + myoma + G. ektome, excision]
colpoperineoplasty
SYN: vaginoperineoplasty. [colpo- + perineum, + G. plastos, formed]
colpoperineorrhaphy
SYN: vaginoperineorrhaphy. [colpo- + perineum, + G. rhaphe, sewing]
Colpopexy
The use of surgical-quality stitches to bring a displaced vagina back into position against the abdominal wall. * * * SYN: vaginofixation. [colpo- + G. pexis, fixation]
colpoplasty
SYN: vaginoplasty. [colpo- + G. plastos, formed]
colpopoiesis
Surgical construction of a vagina. [colpo- + G. poiesis, a making]
Colpoptosis
A condition in which the vagina has dropped from its normal position against the abdominal wall.
colpoptosis, colpoptosia
Prolapse of the vaginal walls. SYN: colpocele (2). [colpo- + G. ptosis, a falling]
colporectopexy
Repair of a prolapsed rectum by suturing it to the wall of the vagina. [colpo- + rectum + G. pexis, fixation]
Colporrhaphy
Surgical repair of the vagina. The -rrhaphy part of the word comes from the Greek raphe meaning suture. * * * Repair of a rupture of the vagina by excision and suturing of the ...
colporrhexis
SYN: vaginal laceration. [colpo- + G. rhexis, rupture]
Colposcope
A lighted magnifying instrument used by a gynecologist to examine the tissues of the vagina and the cervix. The procedure is called colposcopy. * * * Endoscopic instrument that ...
Colposcopy
A procedure in which a gynecologist uses a lighted magnifying instrument which is called a colposcope to * * * Examination of vagina and cervix by means of an endoscope. [colpo- ...
colpospasm
Spasmodic contraction of the vagina.
colpostat
Appliance for use in the vagina, such as a radium applicator, for treatment of cancer of the cervix. [colpo- + G. statos, standing]
colpostenosis
Narrowing of the lumen of the vagina. [colpo- + G. stenosis, narrowing]
colpostenotomy
Surgical correction of a colpostenosis. [colpo- + G. stenosis, narrowing, + tome, incision]
colposuspension
Suture fixation of the lateral vaginal fornix to Cooper ligament on each side, as a modification and enhancement of the standard Marshall-Marchetti-Kranz urethrovesical ...
Colpotomy
A surgical incision in the vagina. The -tomy part of the word comes from the Greek tome meaning cutting. * * * A cutting operation in the vagina. SYN: coleotomy, vaginotomy. ...
colpoureterotomy
Incision into a ureter through the vagina. [colpo- + G. tome, incision]
colpoxerosis
Abnormal dryness of the vaginal mucous membrane. [colpo- + G. xerosis, dryness]
Coltivirus
A genus in the family Reoviridae that causes Colorado tick fever. [Colorado tick fever + virus]
Colubridae
A family of largely nonpoisonous or mildly poisonous snakes comprising over 1000 species, found in North and South America, Asia, and Africa. [L. coluber, serpent]
columbium
Former name for niobium. [Columbia, name for America]
columella
1. A column, or a small column. SYN: columnella. 2. In fungi, a sterile invagination of a sporangium, as in Zygomycetes. [L. dim. of columna, column] - c. cochleae SYN: ...
column
1. An anatomic part or structure in the form of a pillar or cylindric funiculus. SEE ALSO: fascicle. 2. A vertical object (usually cylindrical), mass, or formation. SYN: ...
columna
SYN: column. [L.] - columnae anales [TA] SYN: anal columns, under column. - c. anterior [TA] SYN: anterior column. - columnae carneae SYN: trabeculae carneae (of right and left ...
columnella
SYN: columella (1). [L. dim. of columna, a column; another form of columella]
colypeptic
Rarely used term for retarding digestion. [G. kolyo, to hinder, + pepsis, digestion]
com-
See con-.
Coma
: A state of deep unarousable unconsciousness. Coma may occur as the result of numerous causes including head trauma, diseases such as diabetes, poisoning, etc. * * * 1. A state ...
Coma, diabetic
Coma in a diabetic due to the buildup of ketones in the bloodstream. Ketones are a product of metabolizing (using) fats rather than the sugar glucose for energy. The best ...
comatose
In a state of coma.
combination
1. The act of combining ( i.e., by joining, uniting, or otherwise bringing into close association) separate entities. 2. The state of being so combined. - binary c. the name of ...
combinatorial
Any system using a random assortment of components at any positions in the linear arrangement of atoms, i.e., a c. library of mutations could contain positions where all four ...
Combined oral contraceptive
Commonly called "the pill," combined oral contraceptives are the most commonly used form of reversible birth control in the United States. This form of birth control suppresses ...
combustible
Capable of combustion.
combustion
Burning, the rapid oxidation of any substance accompanied by the production of heat and light. [L. comburo, pp. -bustus, to burn up] - slow c. decay. - spontaneous c. the ...
Comby
Jules, French pediatrician, 1853–1947. See C. sign.
Comedo
The primary sign of acne consisting of a dilated (widened) hair follicle filled with keratin squamae (skin debris), bacteria, and sebum (oil). A comedo may be closed or open. A ...
comedocarcinoma
Form of carcinoma of the breast or other organ in which plugs of necrotic malignant cells may be expressed from the ducts.
comedogenic
Tending to promote the formation of comedones. [ comedo + G. genesis, production]
comedonecrosis
A type of necrosis occurring with glands in which there is central luminal inflam- mation with devitalized cells, usually occurring in the breast in intraductal carcinoma. [ ...
Comedones
The plural of comedo, the primary sign of acne, consisting of a dilated (widened) hair follicle filled with keratin squamae (skin debris), bacteria, and sebum (oil). Comedones ...
comes
A blood vessel accompanying another vessel or a nerve; the veins accompanying an artery, often two in number, are called venae comitantes or venae comites. [L. a companion, fr. ...
comitance
A characteristic of strabismus in which the misalignment of the eyes is maintained in all directions of gaze.
comitant
Having comitance; in a c. strabismus the same angle of misalignment of the eyes is maintained in all directions of gaze. SYN: concomitant.
commensal
1. Pertaining to or characterized by commensalism. 2. An organism participating in commensalism.
commensalism
A symbiotic relationship in which one species derives benefit and the other is unharmed; e.g., Entamoeba coli in the human large intestine. Cf.:metabiosis, mutualism, ...
comminuted
Broken into several pieces; denoting especially a fractured bone. [L. com-minuo, pp. -minutus, to make smaller, break into pieces, fr. minor, less]
Comminuted fracture
A fracture in which bone is broken, splintered or crushed into a number of pieces. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be ...
comminution
A breaking into several pieces.
commissura
SYN: commissure. [L. a joining together, seam, fr. com- mitto, to send together, combine] - c. alba anterior [TA] SYN: white commissure. - c. alba posterior [TA] SYN: white ...
commissural
Relating to a commissure.
commissure
1. Angle or corner of the eye, lips, or labia. 2. A bundle of nerve fibers passing from one side to the other in the brain or spinal cord. SYN: commissura [TA]. - anterior c. ...
commissurotomy
1. Surgical division of any commissure, fibrous band, or ring via an incision or disruption e.g., balloon inflation. 2. SYN: midline myelotomy. - mitral c. opening the ...
commitment
Legal consignment, by certification, or voluntarily, of an individual to a mental hospital or institution. [L. com-mitto, to deliver, consign]
Common cold
A viral upper respiratory tract infection. This contagious illness can be caused by many different types of viruses, and the body can never build up resistance to all of them. ...
common vehicle spread
Spread of disease agent from a source that is common to those who acquire the disease, e.g., water, milk, air, syringe contaminated by infectious or noxious agents.
commotio
SYN: concussion (2). [L. a moving, commotion, fr. commoveo, pp. -motus, to set in motion, agitate] - c. cerebri SYN: brain concussion. - c. retinae concussion of the retina ...
Commotio cordis
Sudden cardiac arrest from a blunt, nonpenetrating blow to the chest. The basis of the cardiac arrest is ventricular fibrillation (a chaotically abnormal heart rhythm) ...
communicable
Capable of being communicated or transmitted; said especially of disease.
communicans
Communicating; connecting or joining. [L. pres. p. of communico, pp. -atus, to share with someone, make common]
communication
1. An opening or connecting passage between two structures. 2. In anatomy, a joining or connecting, said of fibrous, solid structures, e.g., tendons and nerves. Anastomosis is ...
community
A given segment of a society or a population. - biotic c. SYN: biocenosis. - therapeutic c. a specially structured mental hospital or c. health center milieu that provides an ...
community mental health center
A mental health treatment center located in a neighborhood catchment area close to the homes of patients, introduced in the 1960s via new federal legislation designed to replace ...
Comorbidity
The coexistence of two or more disease processes. * * * A concomitant but unrelated pathologic or disease process; usually used in epidemiology to indicate the coexistence of ...
compacta
SYN: stratum compactum.
compages thoracis
SYN: thoracic cage.
comparascope
A microscope accessory by means of which an observer may directly compare simultaneously the findings in two microscopic preparations. [L. comparo, to compare, + G. skopeo, to ...
compartimentum
SYN: compartment. - c. antebrachii anterius [TA] SYN: anterior compartment of forearm. - c. antebrachii extensorum posterior compartment of forearm. - c. antebrachii flexorum ...
compartment
1. Partitioned off portion of a larger bound space; a separate section or chamber; the compartments of the limbs are bound deeply by bones and intermuscular septa and ...
Compartment syndrome
A condition in which there is swelling and an increase in pressure within a limited space (a compartment) that presses on and compromises blood vessels, nerves, and/or tendons ...
compartmentation
The division of a cell into different regions, either structurally or biochemically.
compatibility
The condition of being compatible.
compatible
1. Capable of being mixed without undergoing destructive chemical change or exhibiting mutual antagonism; said of the elements in a properly constructed pharmaceutical mixture. ...
compensation
1. A process in which a tendency for a change in a given direction is counteracted by another change so that the original change is not evident. 2. An unconscious mechanism by ...
compensatory
Providing compensation; making up for a deficiency or loss.
competence
1. The quality of being competent or capable of performing an allotted function. 2. The normal tight closure of a cardiac valve. 3. The ability of a group of embryonic cells to ...
competition
The process by which the activity or presence of one substance interferes with, or suppresses, the activity of another substance with similar affinities. - antigenic c. c. that ...
complaint
A disorder, disease, or symptom, or the description of it. [O.Fr. complainte, fr. L. complango, to lament] - chief c. the primary symptom that a patient states as the reason for ...
complement
Ehrlich term for the thermolabile substance, normally present in serum, that is destructive to certain bacteria and other cells sensitized by a specific c.-fixing antibody. C. ...
complementarity
1. The degree of base-pairing (A opposite U or T, G opposite C) between two sequences of DNA and/or RNA molecules. 2. The degree of affinity, or fit, of antigen- and ...
Complementary sequence
Nucleic acid sequence of bases that can form a double- stranded structure by matching base pairs. For example, the complementary sequence to C-A-T-G (where each letter stands for ...
complementation
1. Functional interaction between two defective viruses permitting replication under conditions inhibitory to the single virus. 2. Interaction between two genetic units, one or ...
Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome
A genetic disorder that makes XY fetuses insensitive (unresponsive) to androgens (male hormones). Instead, they are born looking externally like normal girls. Internally, there is ...
Complete blood count
A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These measurements are generally determined by specially designed machines that analyze the different components of blood ...
Complete hysterectomy
Complete surgical removal of the uterus and cervix.
Complete syndactyly
A condition in which singers or toes are completely joined together, with the connection extending from the base to the tip of the involved digits. Complete syndactyly is the ...
complex
1. An organized constellation of feelings, thoughts, perceptions, and memories that may be in part unconscious and may strongly influence associations and attitudes. 2. In ...
complexion
The color, texture, and general appearance of the skin of the face. [L. complexio, a combination, (later) physical condition]
complexity
The state of consisting of many interrelated parts. - chemical c. the number of different sequences in DNA as defined by hybridization kinetics.
complexus
Obsolete term for semispinalis capitis (muscle). [L. an embracing, encircling] - c. olivaris inferior [TA] SYN: inferior olivary complex. - c. stimulans cordis [TA] SYN: ...
compliance
1. A measure of the distensibility of a chamber expressed as a change in volume per unit change in pressure. 2. The consistency and accuracy with which a patient follows the ...
complicated
Made complex; denoting a disease upon which a morbid process or event has been superimposed, altering symptoms and modifying its course for the worse. [L. com-plico, pp. -atus, to ...
complication
A morbid process or event occurring during a disease that is not an essential part of the disease, although it may result from it or from independent causes.
Complications, postoperative
Postoperative problems affecting patients after surgery. Postoperative complications may (or may not) be directly related to the disease for which the surgery was done or to the ...
component
An element forming a part of the whole. [L. com-pono, pp. -positus, to place together] - anterior c. of force a force operating to move teeth anteriorly. - c. of complement (C) ...
compos mentis
Of sound mind; usually used in its opposite form, non c.. [L. possessed of one's mind; compos, having control, + mens (ment-), mind]
composite
A colloquial term for resin materials used in restorative dentistry. [L. compositus, put together, fr. compono, to put together]
composition
In chemistry, the kinds and numbers of atoms constituting a molecule. [L. compono, to arrange] - base c. the proportions of the four bases ( adenine, cytosine, guanine, and ...
compound
1. In chemistry, a substance formed by the covalent or electrostatic union of two or more elements, generally differing entirely in physical characteristics from any of its ...
Compound fracture
A fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called an open fracture. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but ...
Compound microscope
A microscope (an optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects) which consists of two microscopes in series, the first serving as the ocular lens ...
comprehension
Knowledge or understanding of an object, situation, event, or verbal statement.
Compress
Cloth (or another material) applied under pressure to an area of the skin and held in place for a period of time. A compress can be any temperature (cold, luke arm, or hot) and it ...
compression
A squeezing together; the exertion of pressure on a body in such a way as to tend to increase its density; the decrease in a dimension of a body under the action of two external ...
Compression fracture
A fracture caused by compression, the act of pressing together. Compression fractures of the vertebrae are especially common in the elderly. A fracture is a break in the bone or ...
compressor
1. A muscle, contraction of which causes compression of any structure. 2. An instrument for making pressure on a part, especially on an artery to prevent loss of blood. SYN: ...
compressorium
SYN: compressor (2).
Compton
Arthur H., U.S. physicist and Nobel laureate, 1892–1962. See C. effect, C. scattering.
Compton scattering
SYN: Compton effect.
compulsion
Uncontrollable thoughts or impulses to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires which, by themselves, arouse ...
compulsive
Influenced by compulsion; of a compelling and irresistible nature.
Computed tomography
: An x-ray procedure that uses a computer to produce a detailed picture of a cross section of the body; also called CAT or CT scan.
Computed tomography colography
Also called virtual colonoscopy. A method for examining the colon by taking a series of x-rays (a CT scan) and then using a computer to reconstruct 2-D and 3-D pictures of the ...
computer
A programmable electronic device that can be used to store and manipulate data in order to carry out designated functions; the two fundamental components are hardware, i.e., the ...
Computer addiction
A disorder in which the individual turns to the Internet or plays computer games in an attempt to change moods, overcome anxiety, deal with depression, reduce isolation or ...
Computerized axial tomography (CAT)
Cat scanning adds X-ray images with the aid of a computer to generate cross-sectional views anatomy. It can identify normal and abnormal structures and be used to guide ...
Computerized axial tomography scan
Pictures of structures within the body created by a computer that takes the data from multiple X-ray images and turns them in pictures. The CAT (computerized axial tomography) ...
Computerized tomography
Pictures of structures within the body created by a computer that takes the data from multiple X-ray images and turns them in pictures. The computerized tomography (CT) scan can ...
con-
With, together, in association; appears as com- before p, b, or m, as col- before l, and as co- before a vowel; corresponds to G. syn-. [L. cum, with, together]

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