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cystathioninuria
A disorder characterized by inability to metabolize cystathionine, normally due to deficiency of cystathionase, with high concentration of the amino acid in blood, tissue, and ...
cysteamine
Sulfhydryl compound used experimentally to produce ulcers in rats and as a radioprotective agent; antidote to acetaminophen.
Cystectomy
Surgery to remove the bladder. Cystic fibrosis: A common genetic disease inherited as a recessive condition. Thick mucus can clog the lung passages and block the ducts of the ...
cysteic acid
An oxidation product of cysteine, and a precursor of taurine and isethionic acid. SYN: 3-sulfoalanine.
cysteine
Amino-3-mercaptopropionic acid; the l-isomer is found in most proteins; especially abundant in keratin. - c. desulfhydrase SYN: cystathionine γ-lyase. - c. synthase SYN: ...
cysteine sulfinic acid
A natural oxidation product of cysteine; an intermediate in the formation of taurine (via cysteic acid).
cysteinyl
Aminoacyl radical of cysteine.
cysti-
See cysto-.
cystic
1. Relating to the urinary bladder or gallbladder. 2. Relating to a cyst. 3. Containing cysts.
Cystic acne
This is a type of localized infection (abscess) formed when oil ducts become clogged and infected. Cystic acne is most common in the teenage years. Treatment includes avoiding ...
Cystic fibrosis
One of the most common grave genetic (inherited) diseases, CF affects the exocrine glands and is characterized by the production of abnormal secretions, leading to mucous ...
Cystic periventricular leukomalacia
Softening of the white matter near the ventricles of the brain resulting in abnormal cysts. Cystic periventricular leukomalacia is a major problem in very premature infants. ...
cysticercoid
A larval tapeworm resembling a cysticercus but having a smaller bladder, containing little or no fluid, in which scolex of the future adult tapeworm is found; the larval form ...
Cysticercosis
An infection caused by the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. Infection occurs when the tapeworm larvae enter the body and form cysticerci (SIS-tuh-sir-KEY) (cysts). When cysticerci ...
Cysticercus
Originally described as a genus of bladderworms, now known to be the encysted larvae of various taenioid tapeworms; the generic name is, however, retained as a convenience in ...
cysticercus
The larval form of certain Taenia species, typically found in muscles of mammalian intermediate hosts that serve as a prey of various predators; it consists of a fluid-filled ...
cystiform
SYN: cystoid (1).
Cystine
An amino acid, one of the 20 amino acids which serve as the building blocks of protein. Cystine is not an essential amino acid, that is, it is not essential to the diet since the ...
Cystine kidney stones
Cystine kidney stones are due to cystinuria, an inherited (genetic) disorder of the transport of an amino acid (a building block of protein) called cystine that results in an ...
Cystine transport disease
Commonly known as cystinuria, this is an inherited (genetic) disorder of the transport of an amino acid (a building block of protein) called cystine resulting in an excess of ...
cystinemia
The presence of cystine in the blood. [ cystine + G. haima, blood]
cystinosis
A lysosomal storage disorder with various forms, all with autosomal recessive inheritance. The nephropathic form of early childhood is characterized by widespread deposits of ...
Cystinuria
An inherited (genetic) disorder of the transport of an amino acid (a building block of protein) called cystine resulting in an excess of cystine in the urine (cystinuria) and ...
cystinyl
Aminoacyl radical of cystine.
cystis
See cyst, pouch, sac. [G. kystis] - c. fellea SYN: gallbladder. - c. urinaria SYN: urinary bladder.
cystistaxis
Obsolete term for oozing of blood from the epithelial lining of the bladder. [ cysti- + G. staxis, trickling]
Cystitis
Inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis can be due for example to infection from bacteria that ascend the urethra (the canal from the outside) to the bladder. Symptoms include a ...
Cystitis, interstitial (IC)
Disease that involves inflammation or irritation of the bladder wall. This inflammation can lead to scarring and stiffening of the bladder, and even ulcerations and bleeding. ...
cysto-, cysti-, cyst-
Combining forms relating to: 1. The bladder. 2. The cystic duct. 3. A cyst. Cf.:vesico-. [G. kystis, bladder, pouch]
cystoadenoma
SYN: cystadenoma.
cystocarcinoma
A carcinoma in which cystic degeneration has occurred; sometimes used incorrectly as a term for cystadenocarcinoma.
cystocele
Hernia of the bladder usually into the vagina and introitus. SYN: vesicocele. [cysto- + G. kele, hernia]
cystochromoscopy
Examination of the interior of the bladder after administration of a colored dye to aid in the identification or study of the function of the ureteral orifices. [cysto- + G. ...
cystoduodenostomy
Drainage of a cyst, usually pancreatic pseudocyst, into duodenum. SYN: duodenocystostomy (2). [cysto- + duodenum, + G. stoma, mouth] - pancreatic c. surgical or endoscopic ...
cystoenterocele
Hernial protrusion of portions of the bladder and of the intestine, usually into the vagina and introitus. [cysto- + G. enteron, intestine, + kele, hernia]
cystoenterostomy
Internal drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts into some portion of the intestinal tract preferably stomach, duodenum, or small intestine. [cysto- + G. enteron, intestine, + stoma, ...
cystoepiplocele
Hernial protrusion of portions of the bladder and of the omentum. [cysto- + G. epiploon, omentum, + kele, tumor]
cystofibroma
A fibroma in which cysts or cystlike foci have formed.
cystogastrostomy
Drainage of a pancreatic pseudocyst, into the stomach. [cysto- + G. gaster, stomach, + stoma, mouth]
cystogram
Radiographic demonstration of the bladder filled with contrast medium. - voiding c. SYN: voiding cystourethrogram.
cystography
Radiography of the bladder following injection of a radiopaque substance. [cysto- + G. grapho, to write] - antegrade c. c. in which the contrast medium enters the urinary ...
cystoid
1. Bladderlike, resembling a cyst. SYN: cystiform, cystomorphous. 2. A tumor resembling a cyst, with fluid, granular, or pulpy contents, but without a capsule. [cysto- + G. ...
cystojejunostomy
Drainage of a pancreatic pseudocyst, into the jejunum. [cysto- + jejunum, + G. stoma, mouth]
cystolith
SYN: vesical calculus. [cysto- + G. lithos, stone]
cystolithiasis
The presence of a vesical calculus. SYN: vesicolithiasis. [cysto- + G. lithos, stone, + -iasis, condition]
cystolithic
Relating to a vesical calculus.
cystolitholapaxy
Removal of bladder calculi by intravesical crushing and then irrigating to remove fragments. [cysto- + G. lithos, stone, + lapaxis, and emptying out]
cystolithotomy
Removal of a stone from the bladder through an incision in its wall. SYN: vesical lithotomy. [cysto- + G. lithos, stone, + tome, incision]
cystoma
A cystic tumor; a new growth containing cysts. [ cyst- + G. -oma, tumor]
cystometer
A device for studying bladder function by measuring capacity, sensation, intravesical pressure, and residual urine. [cysto- + G. metron, measure]
cystometrogram
A graphic recording of urinary bladder pressure at various volumes. [cysto- + G. metron, measure, + gramma, a writing]
cystometrography
SYN: cystometry.
cystometry
Measurement of the pressure/volume relationship of the bladder. SYN: cystometrography. [see cystometer]
cystomorphous
SYN: cystoid (1). [cysto- + G. morphe, form]
cystomyoma
A myoma in which cysts or cystlike foci have developed.
cystomyxoadenoma
An adenoma in which there are cysts or cystlike foci in association with myxomatous change in the stroma.
cystomyxoma
A myxoma in which cysts or cystlike foci have formed.
cystopanendoscopy
Inspection of the interior of the bladder and urethra by means of specially designed endoscopes introduced in retrograde fashion through the urethra and into the bladder. ...
cystoparalysis
SYN: cystoplegia.
cystopexy
Surgical attachment of the gallbladder or of the urinary bladder to the abdominal wall or to other supporting structures. SYN: ventrocystorrhaphy. [cysto- + G. pexis, fixation]
cystophotography
Photographing the interior of the bladder.
cystoplasty
Any reconstructive operation on the urinary bladder. Cf.:ileocystoplasty, colocystoplasty. [cysto- + G. plastos, formed]
cystoplegia
Paralysis of the bladder. SYN: cystoparalysis. [cysto- + G. plege, a stroke]
cystoprostatectomy
Surgical removal of bladder, prostate, and seminal vesicles simultaneously.
cystopyelitis
Inflammation of both the bladder and the pelvis of the kidney. [cysto- + G. pyelos, trough (pelvis), + -itis, inflammation]
cystopyelonephritis
Inflammation of the bladder, the pelvis of the kidney, and the kidney parenchyma. [cysto- + G. pyelos, trough (pelvis), + nephros, kidney, + -itis, inflammation]
cystorrhaphy
Suture of a wound or defect in the urinary bladder. [cysto- + G. rhaphe, a sewing]
cystorrhea
A mucous discharge from the bladder. [cysto- + G. rhoia, a flow]
cystosarcoma
A sarcoma in which the formation of cysts or cystlike foci has occurred. - c. phyllodes a circumscribed or infiltrating fibroadenomatous tumor that may be partly cystic, of the ...
Cystoscope
An optical instrument (a scope) that is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. A cystoscope has two ports. Aside from the optical port that permits one to see inside the ...
Cystoscopy
: A procedure in which the doctor inserts a lighted instrument into the urethra (the tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body) to look at the bladder. * * * The ...
cystospasm
Bladder spasm; unintentional, painful contraction of the bladder, often without micturition.
cystostomy
Creation of an opening into the urinary bladder. SYN: vesicostomy. [cysto- + G. stoma, mouth]
cystotome
1. An instrument for incising the urinary bladder or gallbladder. 2. A surgical instrument used for incising the capsule of a lens. SYN: capsulotome.
cystotomy
Incision or puncture into urinary bladder or gallbladder. SYN: vesicotomy. [cysto- + G. tome, incision] - suprapubic c. opening into the bladder through an incision or puncture ...
cystoureteritis
Inflammation of the bladder and of one or both ureters.
cystoureterogram
Radiographic demonstration of the bladder and ureters.
cystoureterography
Radiography of the bladder and ureters.
cystourethritis
Inflammation of the bladder and of the urethra.
cystourethrocele
Hernia of the urinary bladder and urethra. [cysto- + urethra + G. kele, hernia]
cystourethrogram
SYN: voiding c.. - micturating c. SYN: voiding c.. - retrograde c. a c. performed by injection of contrast via urethral meatus or distal urethra. - voiding c. ( VCUG) an x-ray ...
cystourethrography
Radiography of the bladder and urethra during voiding, following filling of the bladder with a radiopaque contrast medium either by intravenous injection or retrograde ...
cystourethroscope
An instrument combining the uses of a cystoscope and a urethroscope, whereby both the bladder and urethra can be visually inspected.
Cystoviridae
Provisional name for a family of monotypic bacterial viruses, the type species of which is phage Φ6. Virions are 86 nm in diameter, isometric, have lipid envelopes, and adsorb ...
cystyl-aminopeptidase
Oxytocinase; an enzyme that degrades cystine-containing peptides, such as oxytocin.
Cyt
Symbol for cytosine.
cyt-
See cyto-.
cytapheresis
A procedure in which various cells can be separated from the withdrawn blood and retained, with the plasma and other formed elements retransfused into the donor. [ cyt- + G. ...
cytarabine
SYN: arabinosylcytosine.
cytase
An obsolete term, coined by Metchnikoff, for alexin or complement, which he held to be a digestive secretion of the leukocyte.
cytidine
A major component of ribonucleic acid s. SYN: 1-β-d-ribofuranosylcytosine, cytosine ribonucleoside. - c. diphosphate choline SYN: c. diphosphocholine. - c. phosphate ...
cytidine 5′-diphosphate
An ester, at the 5′ position, between cytidine and diphosphoric acid.
cytidine 5′-triphosphate
An ester, at the 5′ position, between cytidine and triphosphoric acid.
cytidine diphosphocholine
An intermediate in the formation of phosphatidylcholine ( lecithin) and sphingomyelins; formed by the action of cytidine 5′-triphosphate on phosphocholine, linking the ...
cytidine diphosphoglyceride
An intermediate in the formation of phospholipids ( e.g., cardiolipin) formed by the action on CTP and 1,2-diacylglycerols by a cytidyl transferase, releasing CDP-glyceride and ...
cytidine diphosphosugar
An activated form of a sugar.
cytidylic acid
Cytidine monophosphate (five are possible, depending on the site of attachment of the phosphate to the ribosyl OH's); a constituent of ribonucleic acid s.
cytisine
A toxic selective nicotinic cholinergic agonist; an alkaloid from the seed of Laburnum anagyroides and other Leguminosae. Used in pharmacological studies of nicotinic ...
Cyto- (prefix)
A prefix denoting a cell. "Cyto-" is derived from the Greek "kytos" meaning "hollow, as a cell or container." From the same root come the combining form "-cyto-" and the suffix " ...
cyto-, cyt-
A cell. [G. kytos, a hollow (cell)]
cytoanalyzer
An electronic optical machine that screens smears containing cells suspected of malignancy. [cyto- + analyzer]
cytoarchitectonics
SYN: cytoarchitecture. [cyto- + G. architektonike, architectural]
cytoarchitectural
Pertaining to cytoarchitecture.
cytoarchitecture
The arrangement of cells in a tissue; e.g., the arrangement of nerve-cell bodies in the brain, especially the cerebral cortex. SYN: architectonics, cytoarchitectonics.
cytobiology
SYN: cytology.
cytobiotaxis
SYN: cytoclesis. [cyto- + G. bios, life, + taxis, arrangement]
cytocentrum
A zone of cytoplasm containing one or two centrioles but devoid of other organelles; usually located near the nucleus of a cell. SYN: cell center, central body, centrosome, ...
cytochalasins
A group of substances derived from molds that disaggregate the microfilaments of the cell and interfere with the division of cytoplasm, inhibit cell movement, and cause extrusion ...
cytochemistry
The study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., often by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal ...
cytochrome
A class of hemoprotein whose principal biologic function is electron and/or hydrogen transport by virtue of a reversible valency change of the heme iron. Cytochromes are ...
cytochrome aa3
SYN: cytochrome c oxidase.
cytochrome b
A cytochrome of the respiratory chain. A deficiency of this cytochrome leads to chronic granulomatous disease.
cytochrome b5
A cytochrome in the endoplasmic reticulum that acts with a number of oxygenases; a deficiency of this cytochrome results in a form of hereditary methemoglobinemia.
cytochrome b5 reductase
A flavoenzyme catalyzing the reduction of 2ferricytochrome b5 to 2ferrocytochrome b5 at the expense of NADH; has a role in fatty acid desaturation; a deficiency can lead to ...
cytochrome c
The mobile cytochrome that transports electrons from Complex III to Complex IV of the respiratory chain.
cytochrome c oxidase
A cytochrome of the a type, containing copper, that catalyzes the oxidation of 4ferrocytochrome c by molecular oxygen to 4ferricytochrome c and 2H2O. A part of Complex IV of the ...
cytochrome c reductase
SYN: NADH dehydrogenase.
cytochrome c2 reductase
SYN: NADPH- cytochrome c2 reductase.
cytochrome c3 hydrogenase
A hydrogenase enzyme catalyzing reduction of 2ferricytochrome c3 by H2 to 2ferrocytochrome c3 and 2H+.
cytochrome cd
SYN: cytochrome oxidase (Pseudomonas).
cytochrome oxidase
An enzyme with action identical to that of cytochrome c oxidase, but acting on ferrocytochrome c2. SYN: cytochrome cd.
cytochrome P-450SCC
Cholesterol monooxygenase (side chain cleaving). [450 nm, the absorption maximum that the reduced cytochrome complexed with carbon monoxide exhibits]
cytochrome peroxidase
A hemoprotein enzyme catalyzing the reaction between H2O2 and 2ferrocytochrome c to yield 2ferricytochrome c and 2H2O.
cytochrome reductase
SYN: NADPH-ferrihemoprotein reductase.
cytochylema
The more fluid portion of the cytoplasm. [cyto- + G. chylos, juice]
cytocidal
Causing the death of cells. [cyto- + L. caedo, to kill]
cytocide
An agent that is destructive to cells. [cyto- + L. caedo, to kill]
cytoclasis
Fragmentation of cells. [cyto- + G. klasis, a breaking]
cytoclastic
Relating to cytoclasis.
cytoclesis
The influence of one cell on another. SYN: biotaxis (2), cytobiotaxis. [cyto- + G. klesis, a call]
cytocuprein
Former terms for copper-containing proteins found in human erythrocytes and other tissues. See superoxide dismutase, ceruloplasmin. SYN: cerebrocuprein, erythrocuprein, ...
cytocyst
Rarely used term for the bladderlike remains of the red blood cell or tissue cell that encloses a mature schizont. [cyto- + G. kystis, bladder]
cytodiagnosis
Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid.
cytodieresis
SYN: cytokinesis. [cyto- + G. diairesis, division]
cytogene
SYN: plasmagene.
cytogenesis
The origin and development of cells. [cyto- + G. genesis, origin]
Cytogenetic map
A genetic term referring to the visual appearance of a chromosome when stained and examined under a microscope. Particularly important are visually distinct regions, called light ...
cytogeneticist
A specialist in cytogenetics.
Cytogenetics
The study of chromosomes, the visible carriers of DNA, the hereditary material. Cytogenetics is a fusion science due to joining of cytology (the study of cells) with genetics ...
Cytogenetics, clinical
The application of cytogenetics to clinical medicine. For example, clinical cytogenetic studies might be done to determine whether a child with possible Down syndrome has an ...
cytogenic
Relating to cytogenesis.
cytogenous
Cell-forming.
cytoglucopenia
An intracellular deficiency of glucose. [cyto- + glucose + G. penia, poverty]
cytoid
Resembling a cell. [cyto- + G. eidos, resemblance]
cytokeratin
SYN: keratin.
Cytokine
A small protein released by cells that has a specific effect on the interactions between cells, on communications between cells or on the behavior of cells. The cytokines includes ...
cytokinesis
Changes occurring in the cytoplasm of the cell outside the nucleus during cell division. SYN: cytodieresis. [cyto- + G. kinesis, movement]
cytolemma
SYN: cell membrane. [cyto- + G. lemma, husk]
cytolipin
A glycosphingolipid, specifically a ceramide oligosaccharide; c. H, a lactosylceramide, may display immunological properties under certain conditions; c. K is probably identical ...
cytologic
Relating to cytology.
cytologist
One who specializes in cytology.
cytology
The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell. SYN: cellular biology, cytobiology. [cyto- + G. logos, study] - exfoliative c. the examination, for ...
cytolysin
A substance i.e., an antibody that effects partial or complete destruction of an animal cell; may require complement. SEE ALSO: perforin.
cytolysis
The dissolution of a cell. [cyto- + G. lysis, loosening]
cytolysosome
A variety of secondary lysosome that contains the remnants of mitochondria, ribosomes, or other organelles. SYN: autophagic vacuole.
cytolytic
Pertaining to cytolysis; possessing a solvent or destructive action on cells.
cytomatrix
SYN: cytoplasmic matrix.
cytomegalic
Denoting or characterized by markedly enlarged cells. [cyto- + G. megas, big]
Cytomegalovirus
A group of viruses in the family Herpesviridae infecting humans and other animals, many of the viruses having special affinity for salivary glands, and causing enlargement of ...
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
A virus that infects 50-85% of adults in the US by age 40 and is also the virus most frequently transmitted to a child before birth. Persons with symptoms have a ...
cytomembrane
SYN: cell membrane.
cytomere
The structure separating the portions of the contents of a large schizont in the course of schizogony, as in some of the sporozoans undergoing exoerythrocytic asexual division. ...
cytometer
A standardized, usually ruled glass slide or small glass chamber of known volume, used in counting and measuring cells, especially blood cells. [cyto- + G. metron, measure] - ...
cytometry
The counting of cells, especially blood cells, using a cytometer or hemocytometer. - Feulgen c. a form of c. using Feulgen-stained nuclei to characterize the chromatin pattern ...
Cytometry, flow
Analysis of biological material by detection of the light-absorbing or fluorescing properties of cells or subcellular fractions such as chromosomes passing in a narrow stream ...
cytomicrosome
See microsome. [cyto- + G. mikros, small, + soma, body]
cytomorphology
The study of the structure of cells.
cytomorphosis
Changes that the cell undergoes during the various stages of its existence. SEE ALSO: prosoplasia. [cyto- + G. morphosis, a shaping]
cytopathic
Pertaining to or exhibiting cytopathy.
cytopathogenic
Pertaining to an agent or substance that causes a diseased condition in cells, in contrast to histologic changes; used especially with reference to effects observed in cells in ...
cytopathologic, cytopathological
1. Denoting cellular changes in disease. 2. Relating to cytopathology.
cytopathologist
A physician, usually skilled in anatomical pathology, who is specially trained and experienced in cytopathology.
cytopathology
1. The study of disease changes within individual cells or cell types. 2. SYN: exfoliative cytology.
cytopathy
Any disorder of a cell or anomaly of any of its constituents. [cyto- + G. pathos, disease]
cytopempsis
SYN: transcytosis. [cyto- + G. pempis, sending through]
cytopenia
A reduction, i.e., hypocytosis, or a lack of cellular elements in the circulating blood. [cyto- + G. penia, poverty]
cytophagy
Devouring of other cells by phagocytes. [cyto- + G. phago, to devour]
cytophanere
A radial spine seen in certain cysts of Sarcocystis, as in rabbit and sheep tissue cysts. [cyto- + G. phaneros, visible, evident, open]
cytopharynx
An organelle in certain flagellates and ciliates that serves as a gullet through which food material passes from the cytostome to the cell interior; food passed is collected in ...
cytophilic
SYN: cytotropic. [cyto- + G. philos, fond]
cytophotometry
A method of measuring the absorption of monochromatic light by stained microscopic structures ( e.g., chromosomes, nuclei, whole cells) with the aid of a photoelectric cell; ...
cytophylactic
Relating to cytophylaxis.
cytophylaxis
Protection of cells against lytic agents. [cyto- + G. phylaxis, a guarding]
cytophyletic
Relating to the genealogy of a cell. [cyto- + G. phyle, a tribe]
cytopipette
A slightly curved, blunt end pipette usually made of glass and fitted with a rubber bulb to provide gentle negative pressure for the collection of vaginal secretions for ...
Cytoplasm
All of the substance of a cell outside of the nucleus. The cytoplasm contains a number of different types organelles such as the mitochondria. Most, but not all, cells have ...
cytoplasmic
Relating to the cytoplasm.
cytoplasmon
The total extranuclear genetic information of a eukaryotic cell excluding that of mitochondria and plastids.
cytoplast
The living intact cytoplasm that remains following cell enucleation. [cyto- + G. plastos, formed]
cytopoiesis
Formation of cells. [cyto- + G. poiesis, a making]
cytopreparation
Laboratory preparation of a cellular specimen for cytologic examination.
cytopyge
The anal orifice (cell “anus”) found in certain structurally complex protozoa, such as the rumen-dwelling ciliates of herbivores, through which waste matter is ejected. ...
cytoryctes, cytorrhyctes
Obsolete term for inclusion bodies, under body. [cyto- + G. oryktes, a digger]
cytoscreener
SYN: cytotechnologist.
cytosides
Ceramide disaccharides. See glycosphingolipid.
cytosine
a pyrimidine found in nucleic acid s. - c. arabinoside (CA, AraC) 1. a synthetic nucleoside used as an antimetabolite in the treatment of neoplasms; 2. incorrect term for ...
cytosis
1. A condition in which there is more than the usual number of cells, as in the c. of spinal fluid in acute leptomeningitis. 2. Frequently used with a prefixed combining form as ...
cytoskeleton
The tonofilaments, keratin, desmin, neurofilaments, or other intermediate filaments serving to act as supportive cytoplasmic elements to stiffen cells or to organize ...
cytosmear
SYN: cytologic smear.
cytosol
Cytoplasm exclusive of the mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and other membranous components. [cyto- + “sol,” abbrev. of soluble]
cytosolic
Relating to or contained in the cytosol.
cytosome
1. The cell body exclusive of the nucleus. 2. Distinctive granule found in great alveolar (type II) cells of the lung that releases pulmonary surfactant on the alveolar ...
cytostasis
The slowing of movement and accumulation of blood cells, especially polymorphonuclear leukocytes, in the capillaries, as in a region of inflammation; obstruction of a capillary ...
cytostatic
Characterized by cytostasis.
cytostome
The cell “mouth” of certain complex protozoa, usually with a short gullet or cytopharynx leading food into the organism, where it is collected into food vacuoles, then ...
cytotactic
Relating to cytotaxis.
cytotaxis, cytotaxia
The attraction (positive c.) or repulsion (negative c.) of cells for one another. [cyto- + G. taxis, arrangement]
cytotechnologist
A person with special training in cytopathology who is responsible for screening Pap smears and determining which are negative and which require further review by a pathologist. ...
cytothesis
The repair of injury in a cell; the restoration of cells. [cyto- + G. thesis, a placing]
Cytotoxic
Toxic to cells, cell-toxic, cell-killing. Any agent or process that kills cells. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are forms of cytotoxic therapy. They kill cells. The prefix cyto- ...
cytotoxicity
The quality or state of being cytotoxic. - antibody-dependent cell-mediated c. ( ADCC) a form of cell-mediated c. that functions by binding of the FC region of IgG antibodies to ...
cytotoxin
A specific substance, which may or may not be antibody, that inhibits or prevents the functions of cells, causes destruction of cells, or both. SEE ALSO: perforin. [cyto- + G. ...
cytotrophoblast
The inner layer of the trophoblast. SYN: Langhans layer.
cytotropic
Having an affinity for cells. SYN: cytophilic.
cytotropism
1. Affinity for cells. 2. Affinity for specific cells, especially the ability of viruses to localize in and damage specific cells. [cyto- + G. tropos, a turning]
cytozoic
Living in a cell; denoting certain parasitic protozoa.
cytozoon
A protozoan cell or organism. [cyto- + G. zoon, animal]
cyturia
The passage of cells in unusual numbers in the urine. [G. kytos, cell, + ouron, urine]
Czapek
Friedrich J.F., Czechoslovakian botanist, 1868–1921. See C. solution agar, C.-Dox medium.
CZE
Abbreviation for capillary zone electrophoresis.
Czerny
Vincenz, German surgeon, 1842–1916. See C. suture, C.- Lembert suture.
d
SYN: ampicillin. Symbol for deci-; abbreviation for dexter [L], right; diameter; day.
D
1. Symbol for the vitamin D potency of cod liver oil, multiples of which (5D, 100D, etc.) are used to designate the vitamin D potency of irradiated ergosterol ( viosterol) or ...
D & C
Abbreviation for dilation and curettage.
D & E
Abbreviation for dilation and evacuation. 2. Abbreviation for dilation and extraction
D & C
Dilatation and curettage, a minor operation in which the cervix is expanded enough (dilatation) to permit the cervical canal and uterine lining to be scraped with a spoon-shaped ...
D (drug caution code)
Abbreviation on a medication that indicates caution because the medication may cause drowsiness. While not a part of the historical heritage of ancient prescription ...
D and C
Stands for dilatation and curettage. This is a very common gynecologic procedure in which the cervix of the uterus is expanded (dilated) so the cervical canal and endometrium ...
d'Arcet
Jean, French chemist, 1725–1801. See d'Arcet metal.
d'Arsonval
Jacques Arsène, French biophysicist, 1851–1940. See d'Arsonval current, d'Arsonval galvanometer.
D'Éspine
Jean H.A., French physician, 1846–1930. See D. sign.
d'Herelle
Felix H., Canadian physician and bacteriologist, 1873–1949. See d'Herelle phenomenon, Twort-d'Herelle phenomenon.
d'Ocagne
Philbert M., French mathematician, 1862–1938. See d'Ocagne nomogram.
d-
Prefix indicating a chemical compound to be dextrorotatory; should be avoided when (+) or (−) could be used. Cf.:l-. Prefix indicating that a chemical compound is sterically ...
d-altro-2-heptulose
SYN: sedoheptulose.
d-amphetamine phosphate
SYN: dextroamphetamine phosphate.
d-amphetamine sulfate
SYN: dextroamphetamine sulfate.
d-digitoxose
The carbohydrate moiety found in digitalis glycosides; 2,6-dideoxy-d-ribo-hexose.
d-dimer
A covalently cross-linked degradation product released from the cross-linked fibrin polymer during plasmin-mediated fibrinolysis; laboratory measurements of this product made ...
d-epirhamnose
6-Deoxy-d-glucose; occurs in plants and bacteria in combination with diacylglycerol and is often sulfated (at C-6) in glycolipids. SYN: quinovose.
d-galacturonic acid
The d-isomer is an oxidation product of d-galactose, in which the 6-CH2OH group has become a –COOH group; occurs in many natural products ( e.g., pectins) and cell walls. SYN: ...
d-glucose
Dextrose; a dextrorotatory monosaccharide ( hexose) found in the free state in fruits and other parts of plants, and combined in glucosides, disaccharides (often with fructose ...
d-glucose 1,6-bisphosphate
A bisphosphorylated derivative of d-glucose that is a required intermediate in the interconversion of d-glucose 1-phosphate and d-glucose 6-phosphate.
d-glucose 1-phosphate
An important intermediate in glycogenesis and glycogenolysis. SYN: Cori ester.
d-glucose 6-phosphate
A key intermediate in glycolysis, glycogenolysis, pentose phosphate shunt, etc.; elevated levels inhibit brain hexokinase and glycolysis. SYN: Robison ester, Robison- Embden ...
d-glucuronolactone
Used as a means of orally administering glucuronic acid in the management of collagen and joint diseases. SYN: glucurone.
d-glyceric aciduria
1. Elevated levels of d-glyceric acid in the urine. 2. An inborn error in metabolism resulting in d-glyceric aciduria (1).
d-glycogenous
SYN: glycogenetic.
D-homosteroid
A steroid in which the D ring is made up of six carbon atoms instead of the usual five.
d-manno-heptulose
A ketoheptose of the mannose configuration, occurring in the urine of individuals who have eaten a large quantity of avocados.
d-sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the interconversion of d-sorbitol 6-phosphate and NAD+ to d-fructose 6-phosphate and NADH. A key step in fructose metabolism in the lens. SYN: ...
D. Hy.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Hygiene.
D.C.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Chiropractic.
D.D.S.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Dental Surgery.
d.f.
Abbreviation for degrees of freedom, under degree.
D.I.P.
Abbreviation for desquamative interstitial pneumonia.
D.M.D.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Dental Medicine.
D.O.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Osteopathy, an osteopathic physician. Osteopathy is a system of therapy founded in the 19th century based on the concept that the body can formulate ...
D.P.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Podiatry.
D.P.H.
Abbreviation for Department of Public Health; Doctor of Public Health; Diploma of Public Health.
D.P.M.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Podiatric Medicine.
DA
Abbreviation for developmental age (2).
Da
Symbol for dalton.
da
Symbol for deca-.
Da Fano
Corrado D., Italian-American anatomist, 1879–1927. See D. stain.

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