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A disorder characterized by inability to metabolize cystathionine, normally due to deficiency of cystathionase, with high concentration of the amino acid in blood, tissue, and ...
Sulfhydryl compound used experimentally to produce ulcers in rats and as a radioprotective agent; antidote to acetaminophen.
Surgery to remove the bladder. Cystic fibrosis: A common genetic disease inherited as a recessive condition. Thick mucus can clog the lung passages and block the ducts of the ...
cysteic acid
An oxidation product of cysteine, and a precursor of taurine and isethionic acid. SYN: 3-sulfoalanine.
Amino-3-mercaptopropionic acid; the l-isomer is found in most proteins; especially abundant in keratin. - c. desulfhydrase SYN: cystathionine γ-lyase. - c. synthase SYN: ...
cysteine sulfinic acid
A natural oxidation product of cysteine; an intermediate in the formation of taurine (via cysteic acid).
Aminoacyl radical of cysteine.
See cysto-.
1. Relating to the urinary bladder or gallbladder. 2. Relating to a cyst. 3. Containing cysts.
Cystic acne
This is a type of localized infection (abscess) formed when oil ducts become clogged and infected. Cystic acne is most common in the teenage years. Treatment includes avoiding ...
Cystic fibrosis
One of the most common grave genetic (inherited) diseases, CF affects the exocrine glands and is characterized by the production of abnormal secretions, leading to mucous ...
Cystic periventricular leukomalacia
Softening of the white matter near the ventricles of the brain resulting in abnormal cysts. Cystic periventricular leukomalacia is a major problem in very premature infants. ...
A larval tapeworm resembling a cysticercus but having a smaller bladder, containing little or no fluid, in which scolex of the future adult tapeworm is found; the larval form ...
An infection caused by the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. Infection occurs when the tapeworm larvae enter the body and form cysticerci (SIS-tuh-sir-KEY) (cysts). When cysticerci ...
Originally described as a genus of bladderworms, now known to be the encysted larvae of various taenioid tapeworms; the generic name is, however, retained as a convenience in ...
The larval form of certain Taenia species, typically found in muscles of mammalian intermediate hosts that serve as a prey of various predators; it consists of a fluid-filled ...
SYN: cystoid (1).
An amino acid, one of the 20 amino acids which serve as the building blocks of protein. Cystine is not an essential amino acid, that is, it is not essential to the diet since the ...
Cystine kidney stones
Cystine kidney stones are due to cystinuria, an inherited (genetic) disorder of the transport of an amino acid (a building block of protein) called cystine that results in an ...
Cystine transport disease
Commonly known as cystinuria, this is an inherited (genetic) disorder of the transport of an amino acid (a building block of protein) called cystine resulting in an excess of ...
The presence of cystine in the blood. [ cystine + G. haima, blood]
A lysosomal storage disorder with various forms, all with autosomal recessive inheritance. The nephropathic form of early childhood is characterized by widespread deposits of ...
An inherited (genetic) disorder of the transport of an amino acid (a building block of protein) called cystine resulting in an excess of cystine in the urine (cystinuria) and ...
Aminoacyl radical of cystine.
See cyst, pouch, sac. [G. kystis] - c. fellea SYN: gallbladder. - c. urinaria SYN: urinary bladder.
Obsolete term for oozing of blood from the epithelial lining of the bladder. [ cysti- + G. staxis, trickling]
Inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis can be due for example to infection from bacteria that ascend the urethra (the canal from the outside) to the bladder. Symptoms include a ...
Cystitis, interstitial (IC)
Disease that involves inflammation or irritation of the bladder wall. This inflammation can lead to scarring and stiffening of the bladder, and even ulcerations and bleeding. ...
cysto-, cysti-, cyst-
Combining forms relating to: 1. The bladder. 2. The cystic duct. 3. A cyst. Cf.:vesico-. [G. kystis, bladder, pouch]
SYN: cystadenoma.
A carcinoma in which cystic degeneration has occurred; sometimes used incorrectly as a term for cystadenocarcinoma.
Hernia of the bladder usually into the vagina and introitus. SYN: vesicocele. [cysto- + G. kele, hernia]
Examination of the interior of the bladder after administration of a colored dye to aid in the identification or study of the function of the ureteral orifices. [cysto- + G. ...
Drainage of a cyst, usually pancreatic pseudocyst, into duodenum. SYN: duodenocystostomy (2). [cysto- + duodenum, + G. stoma, mouth] - pancreatic c. surgical or endoscopic ...
Hernial protrusion of portions of the bladder and of the intestine, usually into the vagina and introitus. [cysto- + G. enteron, intestine, + kele, hernia]
Internal drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts into some portion of the intestinal tract preferably stomach, duodenum, or small intestine. [cysto- + G. enteron, intestine, + stoma, ...
Hernial protrusion of portions of the bladder and of the omentum. [cysto- + G. epiploon, omentum, + kele, tumor]
A fibroma in which cysts or cystlike foci have formed.
Drainage of a pancreatic pseudocyst, into the stomach. [cysto- + G. gaster, stomach, + stoma, mouth]
Radiographic demonstration of the bladder filled with contrast medium. - voiding c. SYN: voiding cystourethrogram.
Radiography of the bladder following injection of a radiopaque substance. [cysto- + G. grapho, to write] - antegrade c. c. in which the contrast medium enters the urinary ...
1. Bladderlike, resembling a cyst. SYN: cystiform, cystomorphous. 2. A tumor resembling a cyst, with fluid, granular, or pulpy contents, but without a capsule. [cysto- + G. ...
Drainage of a pancreatic pseudocyst, into the jejunum. [cysto- + jejunum, + G. stoma, mouth]
SYN: vesical calculus. [cysto- + G. lithos, stone]
The presence of a vesical calculus. SYN: vesicolithiasis. [cysto- + G. lithos, stone, + -iasis, condition]
Relating to a vesical calculus.
Removal of bladder calculi by intravesical crushing and then irrigating to remove fragments. [cysto- + G. lithos, stone, + lapaxis, and emptying out]
Removal of a stone from the bladder through an incision in its wall. SYN: vesical lithotomy. [cysto- + G. lithos, stone, + tome, incision]
A cystic tumor; a new growth containing cysts. [ cyst- + G. -oma, tumor]
A device for studying bladder function by measuring capacity, sensation, intravesical pressure, and residual urine. [cysto- + G. metron, measure]
A graphic recording of urinary bladder pressure at various volumes. [cysto- + G. metron, measure, + gramma, a writing]
SYN: cystometry.
Measurement of the pressure/volume relationship of the bladder. SYN: cystometrography. [see cystometer]
SYN: cystoid (1). [cysto- + G. morphe, form]
A myoma in which cysts or cystlike foci have developed.
An adenoma in which there are cysts or cystlike foci in association with myxomatous change in the stroma.
A myxoma in which cysts or cystlike foci have formed.
Inspection of the interior of the bladder and urethra by means of specially designed endoscopes introduced in retrograde fashion through the urethra and into the bladder. ...
SYN: cystoplegia.
Surgical attachment of the gallbladder or of the urinary bladder to the abdominal wall or to other supporting structures. SYN: ventrocystorrhaphy. [cysto- + G. pexis, fixation]
Photographing the interior of the bladder.
Any reconstructive operation on the urinary bladder. Cf.:ileocystoplasty, colocystoplasty. [cysto- + G. plastos, formed]
Paralysis of the bladder. SYN: cystoparalysis. [cysto- + G. plege, a stroke]
Surgical removal of bladder, prostate, and seminal vesicles simultaneously.
Inflammation of both the bladder and the pelvis of the kidney. [cysto- + G. pyelos, trough (pelvis), + -itis, inflammation]
Inflammation of the bladder, the pelvis of the kidney, and the kidney parenchyma. [cysto- + G. pyelos, trough (pelvis), + nephros, kidney, + -itis, inflammation]
Suture of a wound or defect in the urinary bladder. [cysto- + G. rhaphe, a sewing]
A mucous discharge from the bladder. [cysto- + G. rhoia, a flow]
A sarcoma in which the formation of cysts or cystlike foci has occurred. - c. phyllodes a circumscribed or infiltrating fibroadenomatous tumor that may be partly cystic, of the ...
An optical instrument (a scope) that is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. A cystoscope has two ports. Aside from the optical port that permits one to see inside the ...
: A procedure in which the doctor inserts a lighted instrument into the urethra (the tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body) to look at the bladder. * * * The ...
Bladder spasm; unintentional, painful contraction of the bladder, often without micturition.
Creation of an opening into the urinary bladder. SYN: vesicostomy. [cysto- + G. stoma, mouth]
1. An instrument for incising the urinary bladder or gallbladder. 2. A surgical instrument used for incising the capsule of a lens. SYN: capsulotome.
Incision or puncture into urinary bladder or gallbladder. SYN: vesicotomy. [cysto- + G. tome, incision] - suprapubic c. opening into the bladder through an incision or puncture ...
Inflammation of the bladder and of one or both ureters.
Radiographic demonstration of the bladder and ureters.
Radiography of the bladder and ureters.
Inflammation of the bladder and of the urethra.
Hernia of the urinary bladder and urethra. [cysto- + urethra + G. kele, hernia]
SYN: voiding c.. - micturating c. SYN: voiding c.. - retrograde c. a c. performed by injection of contrast via urethral meatus or distal urethra. - voiding c. ( VCUG) an x-ray ...
Radiography of the bladder and urethra during voiding, following filling of the bladder with a radiopaque contrast medium either by intravenous injection or retrograde ...
An instrument combining the uses of a cystoscope and a urethroscope, whereby both the bladder and urethra can be visually inspected.
Provisional name for a family of monotypic bacterial viruses, the type species of which is phage Φ6. Virions are 86 nm in diameter, isometric, have lipid envelopes, and adsorb ...
Oxytocinase; an enzyme that degrades cystine-containing peptides, such as oxytocin.
Symbol for cytosine.
See cyto-.
A procedure in which various cells can be separated from the withdrawn blood and retained, with the plasma and other formed elements retransfused into the donor. [ cyt- + G. ...
SYN: arabinosylcytosine.
An obsolete term, coined by Metchnikoff, for alexin or complement, which he held to be a digestive secretion of the leukocyte.
A major component of ribonucleic acid s. SYN: 1-β-d-ribofuranosylcytosine, cytosine ribonucleoside. - c. diphosphate choline SYN: c. diphosphocholine. - c. phosphate ...
cytidine 5′-diphosphate
An ester, at the 5′ position, between cytidine and diphosphoric acid.
cytidine 5′-triphosphate
An ester, at the 5′ position, between cytidine and triphosphoric acid.
cytidine diphosphocholine
An intermediate in the formation of phosphatidylcholine ( lecithin) and sphingomyelins; formed by the action of cytidine 5′-triphosphate on phosphocholine, linking the ...
cytidine diphosphoglyceride
An intermediate in the formation of phospholipids ( e.g., cardiolipin) formed by the action on CTP and 1,2-diacylglycerols by a cytidyl transferase, releasing CDP-glyceride and ...
cytidine diphosphosugar
An activated form of a sugar.
cytidylic acid
Cytidine monophosphate (five are possible, depending on the site of attachment of the phosphate to the ribosyl OH's); a constituent of ribonucleic acid s.
A toxic selective nicotinic cholinergic agonist; an alkaloid from the seed of Laburnum anagyroides and other Leguminosae. Used in pharmacological studies of nicotinic ...
Cyto- (prefix)
A prefix denoting a cell. "Cyto-" is derived from the Greek "kytos" meaning "hollow, as a cell or container." From the same root come the combining form "-cyto-" and the suffix " ...
cyto-, cyt-
A cell. [G. kytos, a hollow (cell)]
An electronic optical machine that screens smears containing cells suspected of malignancy. [cyto- + analyzer]
SYN: cytoarchitecture. [cyto- + G. architektonike, architectural]
Pertaining to cytoarchitecture.
The arrangement of cells in a tissue; e.g., the arrangement of nerve-cell bodies in the brain, especially the cerebral cortex. SYN: architectonics, cytoarchitectonics.
SYN: cytology.
SYN: cytoclesis. [cyto- + G. bios, life, + taxis, arrangement]
A zone of cytoplasm containing one or two centrioles but devoid of other organelles; usually located near the nucleus of a cell. SYN: cell center, central body, centrosome, ...
A group of substances derived from molds that disaggregate the microfilaments of the cell and interfere with the division of cytoplasm, inhibit cell movement, and cause extrusion ...
The study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., often by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal ...
A class of hemoprotein whose principal biologic function is electron and/or hydrogen transport by virtue of a reversible valency change of the heme iron. Cytochromes are ...
cytochrome aa3
SYN: cytochrome c oxidase.
cytochrome b
A cytochrome of the respiratory chain. A deficiency of this cytochrome leads to chronic granulomatous disease.
cytochrome b5
A cytochrome in the endoplasmic reticulum that acts with a number of oxygenases; a deficiency of this cytochrome results in a form of hereditary methemoglobinemia.
cytochrome b5 reductase
A flavoenzyme catalyzing the reduction of 2ferricytochrome b5 to 2ferrocytochrome b5 at the expense of NADH; has a role in fatty acid desaturation; a deficiency can lead to ...
cytochrome c
The mobile cytochrome that transports electrons from Complex III to Complex IV of the respiratory chain.
cytochrome c oxidase
A cytochrome of the a type, containing copper, that catalyzes the oxidation of 4ferrocytochrome c by molecular oxygen to 4ferricytochrome c and 2H2O. A part of Complex IV of the ...
cytochrome c reductase
SYN: NADH dehydrogenase.
cytochrome c2 reductase
SYN: NADPH- cytochrome c2 reductase.
cytochrome c3 hydrogenase
A hydrogenase enzyme catalyzing reduction of 2ferricytochrome c3 by H2 to 2ferrocytochrome c3 and 2H+.
cytochrome cd
SYN: cytochrome oxidase (Pseudomonas).
cytochrome oxidase
An enzyme with action identical to that of cytochrome c oxidase, but acting on ferrocytochrome c2. SYN: cytochrome cd.
cytochrome P-450SCC
Cholesterol monooxygenase (side chain cleaving). [450 nm, the absorption maximum that the reduced cytochrome complexed with carbon monoxide exhibits]
cytochrome peroxidase
A hemoprotein enzyme catalyzing the reaction between H2O2 and 2ferrocytochrome c to yield 2ferricytochrome c and 2H2O.
cytochrome reductase
SYN: NADPH-ferrihemoprotein reductase.
The more fluid portion of the cytoplasm. [cyto- + G. chylos, juice]
Causing the death of cells. [cyto- + L. caedo, to kill]
An agent that is destructive to cells. [cyto- + L. caedo, to kill]
Fragmentation of cells. [cyto- + G. klasis, a breaking]
Relating to cytoclasis.
The influence of one cell on another. SYN: biotaxis (2), cytobiotaxis. [cyto- + G. klesis, a call]
Former terms for copper-containing proteins found in human erythrocytes and other tissues. See superoxide dismutase, ceruloplasmin. SYN: cerebrocuprein, erythrocuprein, ...
Rarely used term for the bladderlike remains of the red blood cell or tissue cell that encloses a mature schizont. [cyto- + G. kystis, bladder]
Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid.
SYN: cytokinesis. [cyto- + G. diairesis, division]
SYN: plasmagene.
The origin and development of cells. [cyto- + G. genesis, origin]
Cytogenetic map
A genetic term referring to the visual appearance of a chromosome when stained and examined under a microscope. Particularly important are visually distinct regions, called light ...
A specialist in cytogenetics.
The study of chromosomes, the visible carriers of DNA, the hereditary material. Cytogenetics is a fusion science due to joining of cytology (the study of cells) with genetics ...
Cytogenetics, clinical
The application of cytogenetics to clinical medicine. For example, clinical cytogenetic studies might be done to determine whether a child with possible Down syndrome has an ...
Relating to cytogenesis.
An intracellular deficiency of glucose. [cyto- + glucose + G. penia, poverty]
Resembling a cell. [cyto- + G. eidos, resemblance]
SYN: keratin.
A small protein released by cells that has a specific effect on the interactions between cells, on communications between cells or on the behavior of cells. The cytokines includes ...
Changes occurring in the cytoplasm of the cell outside the nucleus during cell division. SYN: cytodieresis. [cyto- + G. kinesis, movement]
SYN: cell membrane. [cyto- + G. lemma, husk]
A glycosphingolipid, specifically a ceramide oligosaccharide; c. H, a lactosylceramide, may display immunological properties under certain conditions; c. K is probably identical ...
Relating to cytology.
One who specializes in cytology.
The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell. SYN: cellular biology, cytobiology. [cyto- + G. logos, study] - exfoliative c. the examination, for ...
A substance i.e., an antibody that effects partial or complete destruction of an animal cell; may require complement. SEE ALSO: perforin.
The dissolution of a cell. [cyto- + G. lysis, loosening]
A variety of secondary lysosome that contains the remnants of mitochondria, ribosomes, or other organelles. SYN: autophagic vacuole.
Pertaining to cytolysis; possessing a solvent or destructive action on cells.
SYN: cytoplasmic matrix.
Denoting or characterized by markedly enlarged cells. [cyto- + G. megas, big]
A group of viruses in the family Herpesviridae infecting humans and other animals, many of the viruses having special affinity for salivary glands, and causing enlargement of ...
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
A virus that infects 50-85% of adults in the US by age 40 and is also the virus most frequently transmitted to a child before birth. Persons with symptoms have a ...
SYN: cell membrane.
The structure separating the portions of the contents of a large schizont in the course of schizogony, as in some of the sporozoans undergoing exoerythrocytic asexual division. ...
A standardized, usually ruled glass slide or small glass chamber of known volume, used in counting and measuring cells, especially blood cells. [cyto- + G. metron, measure] - ...
The counting of cells, especially blood cells, using a cytometer or hemocytometer. - Feulgen c. a form of c. using Feulgen-stained nuclei to characterize the chromatin pattern ...
Cytometry, flow
Analysis of biological material by detection of the light-absorbing or fluorescing properties of cells or subcellular fractions such as chromosomes passing in a narrow stream ...
See microsome. [cyto- + G. mikros, small, + soma, body]
The study of the structure of cells.
Changes that the cell undergoes during the various stages of its existence. SEE ALSO: prosoplasia. [cyto- + G. morphosis, a shaping]
Pertaining to or exhibiting cytopathy.
Pertaining to an agent or substance that causes a diseased condition in cells, in contrast to histologic changes; used especially with reference to effects observed in cells in ...
cytopathologic, cytopathological
1. Denoting cellular changes in disease. 2. Relating to cytopathology.
A physician, usually skilled in anatomical pathology, who is specially trained and experienced in cytopathology.
1. The study of disease changes within individual cells or cell types. 2. SYN: exfoliative cytology.
Any disorder of a cell or anomaly of any of its constituents. [cyto- + G. pathos, disease]
SYN: transcytosis. [cyto- + G. pempis, sending through]
A reduction, i.e., hypocytosis, or a lack of cellular elements in the circulating blood. [cyto- + G. penia, poverty]
Devouring of other cells by phagocytes. [cyto- + G. phago, to devour]
A radial spine seen in certain cysts of Sarcocystis, as in rabbit and sheep tissue cysts. [cyto- + G. phaneros, visible, evident, open]
An organelle in certain flagellates and ciliates that serves as a gullet through which food material passes from the cytostome to the cell interior; food passed is collected in ...
SYN: cytotropic. [cyto- + G. philos, fond]
A method of measuring the absorption of monochromatic light by stained microscopic structures ( e.g., chromosomes, nuclei, whole cells) with the aid of a photoelectric cell; ...
Relating to cytophylaxis.
Protection of cells against lytic agents. [cyto- + G. phylaxis, a guarding]
Relating to the genealogy of a cell. [cyto- + G. phyle, a tribe]
A slightly curved, blunt end pipette usually made of glass and fitted with a rubber bulb to provide gentle negative pressure for the collection of vaginal secretions for ...
All of the substance of a cell outside of the nucleus. The cytoplasm contains a number of different types organelles such as the mitochondria. Most, but not all, cells have ...
Relating to the cytoplasm.
The total extranuclear genetic information of a eukaryotic cell excluding that of mitochondria and plastids.
The living intact cytoplasm that remains following cell enucleation. [cyto- + G. plastos, formed]
Formation of cells. [cyto- + G. poiesis, a making]
Laboratory preparation of a cellular specimen for cytologic examination.
The anal orifice (cell “anus”) found in certain structurally complex protozoa, such as the rumen-dwelling ciliates of herbivores, through which waste matter is ejected. ...
cytoryctes, cytorrhyctes
Obsolete term for inclusion bodies, under body. [cyto- + G. oryktes, a digger]
SYN: cytotechnologist.
Ceramide disaccharides. See glycosphingolipid.
a pyrimidine found in nucleic acid s. - c. arabinoside (CA, AraC) 1. a synthetic nucleoside used as an antimetabolite in the treatment of neoplasms; 2. incorrect term for ...
1. A condition in which there is more than the usual number of cells, as in the c. of spinal fluid in acute leptomeningitis. 2. Frequently used with a prefixed combining form as ...
The tonofilaments, keratin, desmin, neurofilaments, or other intermediate filaments serving to act as supportive cytoplasmic elements to stiffen cells or to organize ...
SYN: cytologic smear.
Cytoplasm exclusive of the mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and other membranous components. [cyto- + “sol,” abbrev. of soluble]
Relating to or contained in the cytosol.
1. The cell body exclusive of the nucleus. 2. Distinctive granule found in great alveolar (type II) cells of the lung that releases pulmonary surfactant on the alveolar ...
The slowing of movement and accumulation of blood cells, especially polymorphonuclear leukocytes, in the capillaries, as in a region of inflammation; obstruction of a capillary ...
Characterized by cytostasis.
The cell “mouth” of certain complex protozoa, usually with a short gullet or cytopharynx leading food into the organism, where it is collected into food vacuoles, then ...
Relating to cytotaxis.
cytotaxis, cytotaxia
The attraction (positive c.) or repulsion (negative c.) of cells for one another. [cyto- + G. taxis, arrangement]
A person with special training in cytopathology who is responsible for screening Pap smears and determining which are negative and which require further review by a pathologist. ...
The repair of injury in a cell; the restoration of cells. [cyto- + G. thesis, a placing]
Toxic to cells, cell-toxic, cell-killing. Any agent or process that kills cells. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are forms of cytotoxic therapy. They kill cells. The prefix cyto- ...
The quality or state of being cytotoxic. - antibody-dependent cell-mediated c. ( ADCC) a form of cell-mediated c. that functions by binding of the FC region of IgG antibodies to ...
A specific substance, which may or may not be antibody, that inhibits or prevents the functions of cells, causes destruction of cells, or both. SEE ALSO: perforin. [cyto- + G. ...
The inner layer of the trophoblast. SYN: Langhans layer.
Having an affinity for cells. SYN: cytophilic.
1. Affinity for cells. 2. Affinity for specific cells, especially the ability of viruses to localize in and damage specific cells. [cyto- + G. tropos, a turning]
Living in a cell; denoting certain parasitic protozoa.
A protozoan cell or organism. [cyto- + G. zoon, animal]
The passage of cells in unusual numbers in the urine. [G. kytos, cell, + ouron, urine]
Friedrich J.F., Czechoslovakian botanist, 1868–1921. See C. solution agar, C.-Dox medium.
Abbreviation for capillary zone electrophoresis.
Vincenz, German surgeon, 1842–1916. See C. suture, C.- Lembert suture.
SYN: ampicillin. Symbol for deci-; abbreviation for dexter [L], right; diameter; day.
1. Symbol for the vitamin D potency of cod liver oil, multiples of which (5D, 100D, etc.) are used to designate the vitamin D potency of irradiated ergosterol ( viosterol) or ...
D & C
Abbreviation for dilation and curettage.
D & E
Abbreviation for dilation and evacuation. 2. Abbreviation for dilation and extraction
D & C
Dilatation and curettage, a minor operation in which the cervix is expanded enough (dilatation) to permit the cervical canal and uterine lining to be scraped with a spoon-shaped ...
D (drug caution code)
Abbreviation on a medication that indicates caution because the medication may cause drowsiness. While not a part of the historical heritage of ancient prescription ...
D and C
Stands for dilatation and curettage. This is a very common gynecologic procedure in which the cervix of the uterus is expanded (dilated) so the cervical canal and endometrium ...
Jean, French chemist, 1725–1801. See d'Arcet metal.
Jacques Arsène, French biophysicist, 1851–1940. See d'Arsonval current, d'Arsonval galvanometer.
Jean H.A., French physician, 1846–1930. See D. sign.
Felix H., Canadian physician and bacteriologist, 1873–1949. See d'Herelle phenomenon, Twort-d'Herelle phenomenon.
Philbert M., French mathematician, 1862–1938. See d'Ocagne nomogram.
Prefix indicating a chemical compound to be dextrorotatory; should be avoided when (+) or (−) could be used. Cf.:l-. Prefix indicating that a chemical compound is sterically ...
SYN: sedoheptulose.
d-amphetamine phosphate
SYN: dextroamphetamine phosphate.
d-amphetamine sulfate
SYN: dextroamphetamine sulfate.
The carbohydrate moiety found in digitalis glycosides; 2,6-dideoxy-d-ribo-hexose.
A covalently cross-linked degradation product released from the cross-linked fibrin polymer during plasmin-mediated fibrinolysis; laboratory measurements of this product made ...
6-Deoxy-d-glucose; occurs in plants and bacteria in combination with diacylglycerol and is often sulfated (at C-6) in glycolipids. SYN: quinovose.
d-galacturonic acid
The d-isomer is an oxidation product of d-galactose, in which the 6-CH2OH group has become a –COOH group; occurs in many natural products ( e.g., pectins) and cell walls. SYN: ...
Dextrose; a dextrorotatory monosaccharide ( hexose) found in the free state in fruits and other parts of plants, and combined in glucosides, disaccharides (often with fructose ...
d-glucose 1,6-bisphosphate
A bisphosphorylated derivative of d-glucose that is a required intermediate in the interconversion of d-glucose 1-phosphate and d-glucose 6-phosphate.
d-glucose 1-phosphate
An important intermediate in glycogenesis and glycogenolysis. SYN: Cori ester.
d-glucose 6-phosphate
A key intermediate in glycolysis, glycogenolysis, pentose phosphate shunt, etc.; elevated levels inhibit brain hexokinase and glycolysis. SYN: Robison ester, Robison- Embden ...
Used as a means of orally administering glucuronic acid in the management of collagen and joint diseases. SYN: glucurone.
d-glyceric aciduria
1. Elevated levels of d-glyceric acid in the urine. 2. An inborn error in metabolism resulting in d-glyceric aciduria (1).
SYN: glycogenetic.
A steroid in which the D ring is made up of six carbon atoms instead of the usual five.
A ketoheptose of the mannose configuration, occurring in the urine of individuals who have eaten a large quantity of avocados.
d-sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the interconversion of d-sorbitol 6-phosphate and NAD+ to d-fructose 6-phosphate and NADH. A key step in fructose metabolism in the lens. SYN: ...
D. Hy.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Hygiene.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Chiropractic.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Dental Surgery.
Abbreviation for degrees of freedom, under degree.
Abbreviation for desquamative interstitial pneumonia.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Dental Medicine.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Osteopathy, an osteopathic physician. Osteopathy is a system of therapy founded in the 19th century based on the concept that the body can formulate ...
Abbreviation for Doctor of Podiatry.
Abbreviation for Department of Public Health; Doctor of Public Health; Diploma of Public Health.
Abbreviation for Doctor of Podiatric Medicine.
Abbreviation for developmental age (2).
Symbol for dalton.
Symbol for deca-.
Da Fano
Corrado D., Italian-American anatomist, 1879–1927. See D. stain.

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