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Слова на букву culi-dttp (2629)

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detrusor
1. A muscle that has the action of expelling a substance. 2. See d. (muscle). [L. detrudo, to drive away]
detrusorrhaphy
A procedure in which bladder muscle ( detrusor) is reconstructed around the ureterovesical junction to form a competent one-way valve. SEE ALSO: ureteroneocystostomy. SYN: ...
detumescence
Subsidence of a swelling. [L. de, from, + tumesco, to swell up, fr. tumeo, to swell]
deturgescence
The mechanism by which the stroma of the cornea remains relatively dehydrated. [L. de, from, + turgesco, to begin to swell]
deut-
See deutero-.
deutencephalon
Rarely used term for diencephalon. [G. deuteros, second, + enkephalos, brain]
Deuteranomaly
Colorblindness of the red-green type, also known as deuteranopia or Daltonism. The term " Daltonism" is derived from the name of the chemist and physicist, John Dalton ...
deuteranope
A person affected with deuteranopia.
Deuteranopia
Colorblindness of the red-green type, also known as deuteranomaly or Daltonism. The term " Daltonism" is derived from the name of the chemist and physicist, John Dalton ...
deuterio-
Prefix indicating “containing deuterium.”
deuterium
SYN: hydrogen-2. [G. deuteros, second] - d. oxide SYN: heavy water.
deutero-, deut-, deuto-
Combining forms meaning two, or second (in a series); secondary. [G. deuteros, second]
deuteromycetes
Members of the class D. or the phylum Deuteromycota.
Deuteromycota
A phylum in which the sexual ( teleomorph or perfect) part of the life cycle has not been discovered; only the asexual ( anamorph or imperfect) part of the life cycle has been ...
deuteron
The nucleus of hydrogen-2, composed of one neutron and one proton; it thus has the one positive charge characteristic of a hydrogen nucleus. SYN: deuton, diplon.
deuteropathic
Relating to a deuteropathy.
deuteropathy
A secondary disease or symptom. [deutero- + G. pathos, suffering]
deuteroplasm
SYN: deutoplasm. [deutero- + G. plasma, thing formed]
deuteroporphyrin
A porphyrin derivative resembling the protoporphyrins except that the two vinyl side chains are replaced by hydrogen.
deuterosome
Dense spherical fibrous granules that occur in the centrosphere and act in the development of centrioles or basal bodies. SYN: procentriole organizer.
deuterotocia
A form of parthenogenesis in which the female has offspring of both sexes. SYN: deuterotoky. [deutero- + G. tokos, childbirth]
deuterotoky
SYN: deuterotocia.
deuto-
See deutero-.
deutogenic
Of secondary origin following an inductive influence. [ deuto- + G. -gen, production]
deutomerite
The posterior nucleated portion of an attached cephalont in a gregarine protozoan, separated by an ectoplasmic septum from the anterior portion, or protomerite. [ deuto- + L. ...
deuton
SYN: deuteron.
deutonymph
The third stage of a mite.
deutoplasm
The yolk of a meroblastic egg; the nonliving material in the cytoplasm, especially that stored in the ovum as food for the developing embryo, the commonest types being lipoid ...
deutoplasmic
Relating to the deutoplasm.
deutoplasmigenon
That which produces or gives rise to deutoplasm. [ deutoplasm + G. genos, birth]
deutoplasmolysis
The disintegration of deutoplasm. [ deutoplasm + G. lysis, dissolution]
Deutschländer
Carl E. W., German surgeon, 1872–1942. See D. disease.
DEV
Abbreviation for duck embryo origin vaccine.
devascularization
Occlusion of all or most of the blood vessel s to any part or organ. [L. de, away, + vasculum, small vessel, + G. izo, to cause]
develop
To process an exposed photographic or radiographic film in order to turn the latent image into a permanent one. [O.Fr. desveloper, to unwrap, fr. voloper, to wrap]
developer
1. An individual or procedure that develops. 2. SYN: eluent. 3. The chemicals used to develop film by reducing the light-activated silver halide molecules to atomic silver. ...
development
1. The act or process of natural progression in physical and psychological maturation from a previous, lower, or embryonic stage to a later, more complex, or adult stage. 2. The ...
Development, Human, National Institute of Child Health and (NICHD)
One of the US National Institutes of Health, NICHD is in a sense the NIH for kids in that it is concerned with child health. The mission of the NICHD is, in formal terms, to ...
Developmental delay
Behind schedule in reaching milestones of early childhood development.
Developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH)
The abnormal formation of the hip joint in which the ball at the top of the thighbone (the femoral head) is not stable within the socket (the acetabulum). The ligaments of the ...
Developmental disorder
One of several disorders that interrupt normal development in childhood. They may affect a single area of development (specific developmental disorders) or several (pervasive ...
Developmental disorder, specific
A disorder that selectively affects one area of development, sparing essentially all other areas of development. For example, dysgraphia is one type of specific developmental ...
Developmental dyspraxia
A pattern of delayed, uneven, or aberrant development of physical abilities during childhood development. The physical abilities affected may be gross or fine motor skills. ...
Deventer
Hendrik van, Dutch obstetrician, 1651–1724. See D. pelvis.
deviance
SYN: deviation (3).
deviant
1. Denoting or indicative of deviation. 2. An individual exhibiting deviation, especially sexual.
deviation
1. A turning away or aside from the normal point or course. 2. An abnormality. 3. In psychiatry and the behavioral sciences, a departure from an accepted norm, role, or rule. ...
Deviation of the nasal septum
Failure of the nasal septum to be in the center where it is supposed to be. (The nasal septum is the wall inside the nose that runs down the middle dividing it into two sides.) ...
Devic
Eugène, French physician, 1869–1930. See D. disease.
device
An appliance, usually mechanical, designed to perform a specific function, such as prosthesis or orthesis. [M.E., fr. O.Fr. devis, fr. L. divisum, divided] - central-bearing d. ...
Device, assistive
Any device that is designed, made, and/or adapted to assist a person to perform a particular task. For examples, canes, crutches, walkers, wheel chairs, and shower chairs are all ...
Device, medical
Broadly defined, any physical item used in medical treatment, from a heart pacemaker to a wheelchair. In insurance parlance, “medical device” is usually synonymous with ...
deviometer
A form of strabismometer.
devitalization
1. Deprivation of vitality or of vital properties. 2. In dentistry, the process by which tooth pulp is destroyed; e.g., by chemical means, by infection, or by extirpation.
devitalize
To deprive of vitality or of vital properties.
devitalized
Devoid of life; dead.
devolution
A continuing process of degeneration or breaking down, in contrast to evolution. SEE ALSO: involution, catabolism. [L. de-volvo, pp. -volutus, to roll down]
Dewar
Sir James, English chemist, 1842–1923. See D. flask.
dexamethasone
A potent synthetic analogue of cortisol, with similar biological action; used as an anti-inflammatory agent and as a test material for adrenal cortical function.
dexamphetamine
SYN: dextroamphetamine sulfate. - d. sodium phosphate the water-soluble ester of d., with the same actions and uses.
dexbrompheniramine maleate
The dextrorotatory isomer of brompheniramine; an antihistamine.
dexchlorpheniramine maleate
The dextrorotatory isomer of chlorpheniramine; an antihistamine.
dexiocardia
SYN: dextrocardia.
dexpanthenol
Pantothenic acid with –CH2OH replacing the terminal –COOH; a cholinergic agent and a dietary source of pantothenic acid. SYN: panthenol, pantothenyl alcohol.
dexter
Located on or relating to the right side. [L. fr. dextra, neut. dextrum]
dextr-
See dextro-.
dextrad
Toward the right side. [L. dexter, right, + ad, to]
dextral
SYN: right-handed.
dextrality
Right-handedness; preference for the right hand in performing manual tasks.
dextran
1. Any of several water-soluble high molecular weight glucose polymers (average MW 75,000; ranging between 1,000 and 40,000,000) produced by the action of members of the family ...
dextranase
An enzyme hydrolyzing α-1,6-d-glucosidic linkages in dextran; used in the prevention of caries.
dextransucrase
A glucosyltransferase that builds poly(α-1,6-d-glucosyl), i.e., polyglucoses, dextrans, or α-glucans, from sucrose, releasing d-fructose residues.
dextrase
Nonspecific term for the complex of enzymes that converts dextrose ( d-glucose) into lactic acid.
dextriferron
A colloidal solution of ferric hydroxide in complex with partially hydrolyzed dextrin, used in the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia; it is suitable for intravenous ...
dextrin
A mixture of oligo(α-1,4-d-glucose) molecules formed during the enzymic or acid hydrolysis of starch, amylopectin, or glycogen; on further hydrolysis they are converted into ...
dextrin 6-glucosyltransferase
SYN: dextrin dextranase.
dextrin 6-α-d-glucosidase
SYN: amylo- 1,6-glucosidase.
dextrin dextranase
A glucosyltransferase transferring 1,4-α-d-glucosyl residues, thus catalyzing the synthesis of dextrans (with 1,6 links between monosaccharide units) from dextrins (with 1,4 ...
dextrin glycosyltransferase
SYN: 4-α-d-glucanotransferase.
dextrin limit
SYN: limit dextrin.
dextrin transglycosylase
SYN: 4-α-d-glucanotransferase.
dextrin → dextran transglucosidase
SYN: dextrin dextranase.
dextrinase
Any of the enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of dextrins; e.g., amylo-1,6-glucosidase, dextrin dextranase. - limit d. 1. SYN: α-dextrin endo-1,6-α-glucosidase. 2. SYN: ...
dextrinogenic
Capable of producing dextrin.
dextrinosis
SYN: glycogenosis. - debranching deficiency limit d., limit d. SYN: type 3 glycogenosis.
dextrinuria
The passage of dextrin in the urine.
Dextro- (prefix)
From the Latin dexter meaning on the right side. For example, a molecule that shows dextrorotation is turning or twisting to the right. The opposition of dextro- is levo- (from ...
dextro-, dextr-
1. Prefixes meaning right, toward, or on the right side. 2. Chemical prefixes meaning dextrorotatory. [L. dexter, on the right-hand side]
dextroamphetamine phosphate
Same actions and uses as dextroamphetamine sulfate. SYN: d-amphetamine phosphate.
dextroamphetamine sulfate
Similar in action to racemic amphetamine sulfate, but is more stimulating to the central nervous system; sympathomimetic and appetite depressant. SYN: d-amphetamine sulfate, ...
Dextrocardia
The heart is reversed and is in the right side of the chest rather than in its normal location on the left. This is a true anatomic reversal. With dextrocardia, for example, the ...
dextrocardiogram
That part of the electrocardiogram that is derived from the right ventricle.
dextrocerebral
Having a dominant right cerebral hemisphere.
dextrocular
Rarely used term for indicating right ocular dominance; denoting one who prefers the right eye in monocular work, such as microscopy. SYN: right-eyed. [dextro- + L. oculus, ...
dextrocycloduction
Rotation of the upper pole of the cornea to the right. See excycloduction. [dextro- + cyclo- + L. duco, pp. ductus, to lead]
dextroduction
Rarely used term for rotation of one eye to the right. [dextro- + L. duco, pp. ductus, to lead]
dextrogastria
Condition in which the stomach is displaced to the right; may represent either simple displacement or situs inversus. Usually associated with dextrocardia. [dextro- + G. ...
dextroglucose
See d-glucose.
dextrogram
Electrocardiographic record in an experimental animal representing spread of impulse through the right ventricle alone.
dextrogyration
A twisting to the right. [dextro- + L. gyro, pp. -atus, to turn in a circle, fr. gyrus, circle]
dextromanual
SYN: right-handed. [dextro- + L. manus, hand]
dextromethorphan hydrobromide
A synthetic morphine derivative used as an antitussive agent. Inferior to codeine but seemingly lacking in dependence production. It has weak central depressant action.
dextromoramide tartrate
A narcotic analgesic related chemically and pharmacologically to methadone.
dextropedal
Denoting one who uses the right leg in preference to the left. SYN: right-footed. [dextro- + L. pes (ped-), foot]
dextroposition
Abnormal right-sided location or origin of a normally left-sided structure, e.g., origin of the aorta from the right ventricle. - d. of the heart dextrocardia.
Dextroposition of the heart
The heart is displaced to the right (from its usual location in the left chest). There is no anatomic alteration in the heart itself, just in its location. Dextroposition occurs ...
dextropropoxyphene hydrochloride
SYN: propoxyphene hydrochloride.
dextropropoxyphene napsylate
SYN: propoxyphene napsylate.
dextrorotation
A turning or twisting to the right; especially, the clockwise twist given the plane of plane-polarized light by solutions of certain optically active substances. Cf.:levorotation.
dextrorotatory
Denoting dextrorotation, or certain crystals or solutions capable of such action; as a chemical prefix, usually abbreviated d-. Cf.:levorotatory.
Dextrose
Better known today as glucose, this sugar is the chief source of energy in the body. Glucose is chemically considered a simple sugar. It is the main sugar that the body ...
dextrosinistral
In a direction from right to left. [dextro- + L. sinister, left]
dextrothyroxine sodium
An antihypercholesterolemic agent.
dextrotorsion
1. A twisting to the right. 2. In ophthalmology, a seldom-used term for a conjugate rotation of the upper pole of both corneas to the right. [dextro- + L. torsio, a twisting]
dextrotropic
Turning to the right. [dextro- + G. tropos, a turn]
dextroversion
1. Version toward the right. 2. In ophthalmology, a conjugate rotation of both eyes to the right. [dextro- + L. verto, pp. versus, to turn] - d. of the heart SYN: corrected ...
df, DF
Abbreviation for decayed and filled teeth. SYN: d. caries index.
DFP
Abbreviation for diisopropyl fluorophosphate.
dGlc
Abbreviation for 2-deoxyglucose.
dGMP
Abbreviation for deoxyguanylic acid.
DGS (DiGeorge syndrome)
This congenital disorder is characterized by the convergence of the following three features: {{}}Low blood calcium levels: The low levels of calcium, also known as ...
DHAP
Abbreviation for dihydroxyacetone phosphate.
Dharmendra antigen
See under antigen.
DHEA
Abbreviation for dehydro- 3- epiandrosterone. Abbreviation for dehydroepiandrosterone.
DHEAS
Abbreviation for the sulfate salt of dehydroepiandrosterone.
DHF
Abbreviation for dihydrofolic acid.
DHF (dengue hemorrhagic fever)
A syndrome due to the dengue virus that tends to affect children under 10, causing abdominal pain, hemorrhage (bleeding) and circulatory collapse (shock). DHF starts abruptly ...
DHFR
Abbreviation for dihydrofolate reductase.
DHHS
Acronym for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Also known as HHS. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has two types of operating divisions: the ...
DI
Abbreviation for dental index.
Di Bella cancer therapy
An alternative medicine cancer treatment program developed by Dr. Luigi Di Bella based on a drug cocktail containing a low dose of cyclophosphamide — a chemotherapy drug — ...
Di Guglielmo
Giovanni, Italian physician, 1886–1961. See D. disease, D. syndrome.
di(2-chloroethyl)sulfide
SYN: mustard gas.
di-
1. Two, twice. 2. In chemistry, often used in place of bis- when not likely to be confusing; e.g., dichloro- compounds. Cf.:bi-, bis-. [G. dis, two]
Di- (prefix)
Di- comes straight from the Greek and means twice or double or twofold, as in diacid, diamelia (absence of two limbs), diandry (double male genetic contribution) and digyny ...
di-amelia
Absence of two limbs.
dia-
Through, throughout, completely. [G. dia, through]
Dia- (prefix)
Prefix taken straight from the Greek meaning through, throughout, completely as in diachronic, diagnosis, dialysis, etc.
diabetes
Either d. insipidus or d. mellitus, diseases having in common the symptom polyuria; when used without qualification, refers to d. mellitus. [G. d., a compass, a siphon, d.] - ...
diabetic
1. Relating to or suffering from diabetes. 2. One who suffers from diabetes.
Diabetic air travel
A concern for patients with diabetes is flying with medications and supplies. Letters from doctors are not recommended since security has concerns that these may be easily forged. ...
Diabetic musculoskeletal disorder
A musculoskeletal problem associated with diabetes mellitus. These include: {{}}Diabetic syndrome of limited joint mobility (cheiroarthropathy) — a syndrome characterized by ...
diabetogenic
Causing diabetes.
diabetogenous
Caused by diabetes.
diabetology
The field of medicine concerned with diabetes.
diacele
Rarely used term for third ventricle. [G. dia-, through, + koilia, a hollow]
diacetal
See diacetyl.
diacetate
1. SYN: acetoacetate. 2. A compound containing two acetate residues.
diacetemia
A form of acidosis resulting from the presence of acetoacetic (diacetic) acid in the blood.
diacetonuria
SYN: diaceturia.
diaceturia
The urinary excretion of acetoacetic (diacetic) acid. SYN: diacetonuria.
diacetyl, diacetal
A yellow liquid, (CH3CO)2, having the pungent odor of quinone and carrying the aromas of coffee, vinegar, butter, and other foods; a byproduct of carbohydrate degradation.
diacetylcholine
SYN: succinylcholine.
diacetylmonoxime
A 2-oxo-oxime that can reactivate phosphorylated acetylcholinesterase in vitro and in vivo; it penetrates the blood-brain barrier. SImilar to 2-PAM.
diacetylmorphine
SYN: heroin.
diacetyltannic acid
SYN: acetyltannic acid.
Diachronic
The word "diachronic" is from the Greek dia-, through + chronos, time = through time. As opposed to synchronic, at one point in time. * * * Systematically observed ...
Diachronic study
A study done over the course of time. For example, a longitudinal study of children with Down syndrome (trisomy 21) might involve the study of 100 children with this condition ...
diacid
Denoting a substance containing two ionizable hydrogen atoms per molecule; more generally, a base capable of combining with two hydrogen ions per molecule.
diaclasis, diaclasia
SYN: osteoclasis. [G. diaklasis, a breaking up, fr. dia, through, + klasis, a breaking]
diacrinous
Excreting by simple passage through a gland cell. [G. diakrino, to separate one from another]
diacrisis
SYN: diagnosis. [G. dia-, through, + krisis, a judgment]
diacritic, diacritical
Distinguishing; diagnostic; allowing of distinction. [G. diakritikos, able to distinguish]
diactinic
Having the property of transmitting light capable of bringing about chemical reactions. [G. dia, through, + aktis, ray]
diacylglycerol
Diglyceride; glycerol with two esterified acyl moieties, either 1,3-d. or 1,2-d.; if the two acyl groups are nonidentical, there are four possible stereoisomers; 1,2-d. is an ...
diad
1. The transverse tubule and a cisterna in cardiac muscle fibers. 2. SYN: dyad (1).
diadochocinesia
SYN: diadochokinesia.
diadochokinesia, diadochokinesis
The normal power of alternately bringing a limb into opposite positions, as of flexion and extention or of pronation and supination. SYN: diadochocinesia. [G. diadochos, ...
diadochokinetic
Relating to diadochokinesia.
diagnose
To make a diagnosis.
diagnosis
The determination of the nature of a disease, injury, or congenital defect. SYN: diacrisis. [G. d., a deciding] - antenatal d. SYN: prenatal d.. - clinical d. a d. made from a ...
diagnostic
1. Relating to or aiding in diagnosis. 2. Establishing or confirming a diagnosis.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
A system of classification, published by the American Psychiatric Association, that divides recognized mental disorders into clearly defined categories based on sets of ...
Diagnostic mammogram
An X-ray of the breast done to evaluate: {{}}Abnormalities seen or suspected on a prior screening mammogram; Subjective or objectives abnormalities in the breast such as a ...
diagnostician
One who is skilled in making diagnoses; formerly, a name for specialists in internal medicine.
diagram
A simple, graphic depiction of an idea or object. - Dieuaide d. SYN: triaxial reference system. - flow d. a d. composed of blocks connected by arrows representing steps in a ...
diakinesis
Final stage of prophase in meiosis I, in which the chiasmata present during the diplotene stage disappear, the chromosomes continue to shorten, and the nucleolus and nuclear ...
dial
A clock face or instrument resembling a clock face. [L. dies, day] - astigmatic d. a diagram of radiating lines, used to test for astigmatism.
Dialister
An obsolete name for a genus of bacteria, the type species of which, D. pneumosintes, is now placed in the genus Bacteroides.
diallyl
A compound containing two allyl groups.
dialysance
The number of milliliters of blood completely cleared of any substance by an artificial kidney or by peritoneal dialysis in a unit of time; conventional clearance formulas are ...
dialysate
That part of a mixture that passes through a dialyzing membrane; the material that does not pass through is referred to as the retentate. SYN: diffusate.
Dialysis
: The process of cleansing the blood by passing it through a special machine. Dialysis is necessary when the kidneys are not able to filter the blood. Dialysis allows patients ...
Dialysis machine
A machine that filters a patient’s blood to remove excess water and waste products when the kidneys are damaged, dysfunctional, or missing. Blood is drawn through a specially ...
Dialysis, peritoneal
Technique that uses the patient’s own body tissues inside of the belly (abdominal cavity) to act as a filter. The intestines lie in the abdominal cavity, the space between ...
dialyze
To perform dialysis; to separate a substance from a solution by means of dialysis.
dialyzer
The apparatus for performing dialysis; a membrane used in dialysis.
diamagnetic
Having the property of diamagnetism.
diamagnetism
The property displayed by substances that have a very small negative magnetic susceptibility, given by molecules in which all electrons are paired; an unpaired electron yields a ...
diameter
1. A straight line connecting two opposite points on the surface of a more or less spherical or cylindrical body, or at the boundary of an opening or foramen, passing through ...
diamide
A compound containing two amide groups.
diamidines
A group of compounds containing two amidine groups; e.g., stilbamidine, propamidine.
diamine
An organic compound containing two amine groups per molecule; e.g., ethylenediamine, NH2CH2CH2NH2. - d. oxidase SYN: amine oxidase (copper-containing), amine oxidase ...
diamniotic
Exhibiting two amniotic sacs.
Diamond
Louis K., U.S. physician, 1902–1995. See D.- Blackfan anemia, D.- Blackfan syndrome, Gardner-D. syndrome, Shwachman-D. syndrome.
diamthazole dihydrochloride
An antifungal agent for topical use. SYN: dimazole dihydrochloride.
diandry, diandria
The phenomenon in which a single ovum is fertilized by a diploid sperm and hence produces a triploid fetus. Cf.:digyny. [di- + G. andros, male]
dianoetic
Of or pertaining to reason or other intellectual functions. [G. dia, through, + noeo, to think]
diapause
A period of biological quiescence or dormancy with decreased metabolism; an interval in which development is arrested or greatly slowed. [ dia- + G. pausis, pause] - embryonic ...
diapedesis
The passage of blood, or any of its formed elements, through the intact walls of blood vessel s. SYN: migration (2). [G. dia, through, + pedesis, a leaping]
Diaper rash
: Also called "diaper dermatitis," a diaper rash is a skin inflammatory reaction localized to the area usually covered by the diaper. It can have many causes including ...
Diaper rash, yeast
Infection in the diaper area caused by a yeast formerly called Monilia and now called Candida. These organisms are part of the germs normally found in various parts of the body ...
diaphanography
Examination of a body part by transillumination, especially for the detection of breast cancer. [G. diaphanes, transparent, + grapho, to write]
diaphanoscope
An instrument for illuminating the interior of a cavity to determine the translucency of its walls. SYN: polyscope. [G. diaphanes, transparent, + skopeo, to examine]
diaphanoscopy
Examination of a cavity with a diaphanoscope.
diaphemetric
Relating to the determination of the degree of tactile sensibility. [G. dia, through, + haphe, touch, + metron, measure]
diaphen hydrochloride
An antihistaminic agent with anticholinergic properties.
diaphorase
Originally, a series of flavoproteins with reductase activity in mitochondria; now dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase.
diaphoresis
SYN: perspiration (1). [G. d., fr. dia, through, + phoreo, to carry]
diaphoretic
1. Relating to, or causing, perspiration. 2. An agent that increases perspiration.
diaphragm
1. The musculomembranous partition between the abdominal and thoracic cavities. SYN: diaphragma (2) [TA], interseptum, midriff, phren (1). 2. A thin disk pierced with an ...
Diaphragm (contraceptive)
A barrier method of contraception that is available by prescription only and must be sized by a health professional to achieve a proper fit. The diaphragm has a dual mechanism ...
Diaphragm (muscle)
: The diaphragm is the muscle that separates the chest (thoracic) cavity from the abdomen. Contraction of the diaphragm muscle helps to expand the lungs during inspiration when ...
diaphragma
1. A thin partition separating adjacent regions. 2. SYN: diaphragm (1). [G. d., a partition wall, midriff] - d. oris SYN: mylohyoid (muscle). - d. pelvis SYN: pelvic ...
diaphragmalgia
Rarely used term for a pain in the diaphragm. SYN: diaphragmodynia. [diaphragm + G. algos, pain]
diaphragmatic
Relating to a diaphragm. SYN: phrenic (1).
Diaphragmatic hernia
Passage of a loop of bowel through the diaphragm muscle. This type of hernia occurs as the bowel from the abdomen "herniates" upward through the diaphragm into the chest ...
diaphragmatocele
Rarely used term for diaphragmatic hernia. [diaphragm + G. kele, hernia]
diaphragmodynia
SYN: diaphragmalgia. [diaphragm + G. odyne, pain]
diaphyseal
SYN: diaphysial.
diaphysectomy
Partial or complete removal of the shaft of a long bone. [ diaphysis + G. ektome, excision]
diaphysial
Relating to a diaphysis. SYN: diaphyseal.
diaphysis
An elongated rodlike structure, as the part of a long bone between the epiphysial extremities. The shaft of a long bone, as distinguished from the epiphyses, or extremities, and ...
diaphysitis
Inflammation of the shaft of a long bone.
diapiresis
Passage of colloidal or other small particles of suspended matter through the unruptured walls of the blood vessel s. SEE ALSO: diapedesis. [G. diapeiro, to drive through, fr. ...
diaplacental
Passing through or “across” the placenta.
diaplexus
Rarely used term for choroid plexus of third ventricle. [G. dia, through, + L. plexus, a plaiting]
diapnoic, diapnotic
1. Relating to, or causing perspiration, especially insensible perspiration. 2. A mild sudorific.
diapophysis
SYN: superior articular process.
Diaptomus
A genus of copepod crustacea, the principal intermediate host for Diphyllobothrium latum in North America.
Diarrhea
A familiar phenomenon with unusually frequent or unusually liquid bowel movements, excessive watery evacuations of fecal material. The opposite of constipation. The word ...
Diarrhea and dermatitis, zinc deficiency
Among the consequences of zinc deficiency, dermatitis (skin inflammation) and diarrhea are particularly prominent features. A genetic disease called acrodermatitis enteropathica ...
Diarrhea, antibiotic-induced
A bacterium called Clostridium difficile (C.difficile), one of the most common causes of infection of the large bowel (colon). Patients taking antibiotics are at particular risk ...
Diarrhea, Brainerd
A syndrome characterized by the acute onset of watery nonbloody diarrhea (3 or more loose stools per day), lasting 4 weeks or more, and resolving spontaneously. The disease is of ...
Diarrhea, E. coli hemorrhagic
Bloody colitis (inflammation of the bowel) caused by E. coli, usually by the strain E. coli 0157:H7. The diarrhea is severe with painful abdominal cramps, gross blood in the ...
Diarrhea, rotavirus
A leading cause of severe winter diarrhea in infants and young children. Each year, rotavirus (RV) causes an estimated 500,000 doctor visits and 50,000 hospital admissions in the ...
Diarrhea, travelers'
Diarrhea illness associated with travel to a foreign country. Among the causes of travelers' diarrhea are viruses and enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC). E.coli is a particular type ...
diarrheal, diarrheic
Relating to diarrhea. SYN: diarrhetic.
diarrhetic
SYN: diarrheal.
diarthric
Relating to two joints. SYN: biarticular, diarticular. [G. di-, two, + arthron, joint]
diarthrosis
synovial joint. [G. articulation]
diarticular
SYN: diarthric.
diaschisis
A sudden inhibition of function produced by an acute focal disturbance in a portion of the brain at a distance from the original site of injury, but anatomically connected with ...
diascope
A flat glass plate through which one can examine superficial skin lesions by means of pressure. [G. dia, through, + skopeo, to view]
diascopy
Examination of superficial skin lesions with a diascope. [G. dia, through, + skopeo, to see]
diastalsis
The type of peristalsis in which a region of inhibition precedes the wave of contraction, as seen in the intestinal tract. [G. an arrangement]
diastaltic
Pertaining to diastalsis.
diastase
A mixture, obtained from malt and containing amylolytic enzymes (principally α- and β-amylases), that converts starch into dextrin and maltose; used to make soluble ...
diastasis
1. Any simple separation of normally joined parts. SYN: divarication. 2. The mid-portion of diastole when the blood enters the ventricle slowly or ceases to enter prior to ...
diastasuria
SYN: amylasuria.
diastatic
Relating to a diastasis.
diastema
1. Fissure or abnormal opening in any part, especially if congenital. 2. [NA] Space between two adjacent teeth in the same dental arch. 3. Cleft or space between the maxillary ...
diastematocrania
Congenital sagittal fissure of the skull. [G. diastema, an interval, + kranion, skull]
diastematomyelia
Complete or incomplete sagittal division of the spinal cord by an osseous or fibrocartilaginous septum. [G. diastema, interval, + myelon, marrow]
diaster
SYN: amphiaster. [G. di-, two, + aster, star]
diastereoisomers
Optically active isomers that are not enantiomorphs ( mirror images); e.g., d-glucose and d-galactose.
Diastole
The time period when the heart is in a state of relaxation and dilatation (expansion). The final letter in "diastole" is pronounced as a long "e" as in "lee." The adjective for ...
Diastolic
Referring to the time when the heart is in a period of relaxation and dilatation (expansion). The noun for diastolic is diastole. (The final letter in " diastole" is pronounced ...
diastology
The study or science of cardiac diastole and its components.
Diastrophic dysplasia
An inherited skeletal disorder involving significantly short stature (dwarfism). Characteristic features at birth include short birth length with short limbs (short-limbed ...
diastrophism
Distortion that occurs in objects as a result of bending. [G. diastrophe, fr. diastrephein, distortion]
diataxia
Ataxia affecting both sides of the body. - cerebral d. the ataxic type of cerebral birth palsy.
diatela
Rarely used term for tela choroidea of third ventricle. [G. dia, through, between, + L. tela, web]
diathermal
SYN: diathermic. [G. dia, through, + therme, heat]
diathermancy
The condition of being diathermic.

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