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Слова на букву culi-dttp (2629)

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dill oil
A volatile oil distilled from the fruit of Anethum graveolens (family Umbelliferae); a carminative.
diloxanide furoate
An amebicide used in the treatment of dysentery.
diltiazem hydrochloride
A calcium channel blocking agent used as a coronary vasodilator, an antiarrhythmic, and antihypertensive.
1. Ingredient in a medicinal preparation that lacks pharmacologic activity but is pharmaceutically necessary or desirable. In tablet or capsule dosage forms, this may be ...
1. To reduce a solution or mixture in concentration, strength, quality, or purity. 2. Diluted; denoting a solution or mixture so effected. [L. di-luo, to wash away, d.]
1. The act of being diluted. 2. A diluted solution or mixture. 3. In microbiologic techniques, a method for counting the number of viable cells in a suspension; a sample is ...
Abbreviation for L. dimidius, one-half.
dimazole dihydrochloride
SYN: diamthazole dihydrochloride.
An azo compound occurring in red crystals; used with petrolatum as an ointment to stimulate epithelial cell proliferation and thus promote the healing of superficial wounds.
Congenital duplication of the whole or a part of a limb. [G. di-, two, + melos, limb]
The 8-chlorotheophylline salt of the antihistamine, diphenhydramine; used for the prevention of motion sickness, as an antihistamine and mild sedative. Also used in the ...
Scope, size, magnitude; denoting, in the plural, linear measurements of length, width, and height. - buccolingual d. the diameter or d. of a premolar or molar tooth from buccal ...
A compound or unit produced by the combination of two like molecules; in the strictest sense, without loss of atoms (thus nitrogen tetroxide, N2O4, is the d. of nitrogen dioxide, ...
A chelating agent, developed as an antidote for lewisite and other arsenical poisons. It acts by competing for the metal with the essential —SH groups in the pyruvate ...
The mercuric ion, Hg2+.
Having the characteristics of a dimer.
Consisting of two parts. [G. di-, two, + meros, part]
dimetacrine tartrate
An antidepressant.
The active metabolite formed by the N-demethylation of trimethadione, an oxazolidinedione type antiepileptic agent. Can be used for in vivo measurement of intracellular pH.
A silicone oil consisting of dimethylsiloxane polymers, usually incorporated into a petrolatum base or a nongreasy preparation and used for the protection of normal skin against ...
dimethindene maleate
An antihistamine also used as an antipruritic.
A modified testosterone or ethisterone; an orally effective synthetic progestin used alone or in combination with ethynyl estradiol as a contraceptive agent.
dimethothiazine mesylate
SYN: fonazine mesylate.
dimethoxanate hydrochloride
A non-narcotic antitussive agent, less effective than codeine.
A hallucinogen with properties resembling lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).
dimethyl d-tubocurarine
SYN: metocurine iodide.
dimethyl iminodiacetic acid
A radiopharmaceutical labeled with 99mTc, an early agent used for cholescintigraphy.
dimethyl ketone
SYN: acetone.
dimethyl phthalate
An insect repellent.
dimethyl sulfate
An industrial chemical ( sulfuric acid dimethyl ester (CH3)2SO4), used in synthesis as an alkylating agent; it causes nystagmus, convulsions, and death from pulmonary ...
dimethyl sulfoxide
Me2SO; a penetrating solvent, enhancing absorption of therapeutic agents from the skin; an industrial solvent that has been proposed as an effective analgesic and ...
dimethyl tubocurarine chloride
Dimethyl ether of d-tubocurarine chloride; a skeletal muscle relaxant. See tubocurarine chloride.
dimethyl tubocurarine iodide
SYN: metocurine iodide.
dimethyl-1-carbomethoxy-1-propen-2-yl phosphate
An organic phosphorus compound used as a systemic poison for the extermination of such pests as mites, aphids, and houseflies.
An intermediate in steroid and terpene biosynthesis.
SYN: butter yellow.
dimethylarsinic acid
SYN: cacodylic acid.
SYN: xylol.
SYN: isopropyl alcohol.
A contaminant of seafood products synthesized in sediments from mercury and mercury-containing chemicals dumped in waters supporting marine life. The methylmercury is ...
SYN: xylenol.
A highly selective stimulant of autonomic ganglionic cells; used experimentally.
dimethylpiperazine tartrate
A diuretic, also used as a uric acid solvent.
Obsolete term for uterus didelphys. [G. di-, two, + metra, womb]
Friedrich, Austrian ophthalmologist, 1855–1926. See D. keratitis.
1. In fungi, a term referring to growth and reproduction in two forms: mold and yeast. SYN: dimorphous (2). 2. SYN: dimorphous (1).
1. Existence in two shapes or forms; denoting a difference of crystalline form exhibited by the same substance, or a difference in form or outward appearance between individuals ...
1. Having the property of dimorphism. SYN: dimorphic (2). 2. SYN: dimorphic (1).
1. A natural indentation, usually circular and of small area, in the chin, cheek, or sacral region. 2. A depression of similar appearance to a d., resulting from trauma or the ...
1. Causing dimples. 2. A condition marked by the formation of dimples, natural or artificial.
Denoting the interface between two mutually immiscible liquids ( e.g., oil and water) in the same container. [di- + G. neron, water]
SYN: pyroxylin.
dinitrogen monoxide
SYN: nitrous oxide.
A plantlike flagellate of the subclass Phytomastigophorea, some species of which ( e.g., Gonyaulax cantanella) produce a potent neurotoxin that may cause severe food ...
An order in the phylum Sareomastigophorea characterized by the presence of two flagella so placed as to cause the organism to have a whirling motility. Its outer surface is ...
An oxytocic agent. SYN: prostaglandin F2α. - d. tromethamine an oxytocic agent. SYN: prostaglandin F2α tromethamine.
An oxytocic agent used as an abortifacient. SYN: prostaglandin E2.
A compound containing two nucleotides; E.G., NAD+, ApGp.
A genus of very large nematode worms infecting the kidney. [L. fr. G. dionkoo, to distend, + phyma, growth] - D. renale a large blood-red nematode found in the pelvis of the ...
Infection of animals and rarely humans with the giant kidney worm, Dioctophyma renale.
dioctyl calcium sulfosuccinate
SYN: docusate calcium.
dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate
SYN: docusate sodium.
A genus of porcupine fishes related to balloon fish, globefish, and puffers. Although the common puffer is widely eaten as “sea squab” in the United States, many puffers, ...
SYN: iodopyracet.
SYN: diiodohydroxyquin.
Of Sinope, Greek philosopher, 412–323 B.C. See D. cup, poculum diogenis.
USAN-approved contraction for diethanolamine.
The unit of refracting power of lenses, denoting the reciprocal of the focal length expressed in meters. [G. dioptra, a leveling instrument] - prism d. ( p.d.) the unit of ...
The branch of optics concerned with the refraction of light.
A steroid saponin found in yams (Dioscorea) and trilliums.
SYN: glycolaldehyde.
The aglycon of dioscing a sapogenin derived from the saponins dioscin and trillin found in the roots of plants such as the yam; its steroid portion serves as a source from ...
Simultaneous presentation of the same sound to each ear. [di- + otic]
Relating to two ova. SYN: biovular. [di- + Mod. L. ovulum, dim. of L. ovum, egg]
Releasing two ova in one ovarian cycle.
1,4-D.; a colorless liquid used as a solvent for cellulose esters and in histology as a drying agent. SYN: 1,4-diethylene dioxide.
A molecule containing two atoms of oxygen; e.g., carbon d., CO2.
One of a number of poisonous petroleum-derived chemicals which are produced when herbicides (substances used for killing plants) are made or when plastics are burned. Dioxins are ...
An ultraviolet screen for topical application to the skin.
An oxidoreductase that incorporates two atoms of oxygen (from one molecule of O2) into the (reduced) substrate.
1. A downward inclination or slope. 2. A preparation for coating a surface by submersion, as for the destruction of skin parasites. [M.E. dippen] - Cournand d. in constrictive ...
Dip, paraffin
A treatment for the symptoms of joint and muscle conditions, such as arthritis, that consists of melted mineral wax derived from petroleum applied to a body area. Paraffin dips ...
Dip, wax
A treatment for the symptoms of joint and muscle conditions, such as arthritis, that consists of melted mineral wax derived from petroleum applied to a body area. Wax dips can be ...
A hydrolase catalyzing the hydrolysis of a dipeptide to its constituent amino acid s. - methionyl d. a hydrolase catalyzing the hydrolysis of an l-methionyl-amino acid to ...
A combination of two amino acid s by means of a peptide (–CO–NH–) link.
dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase
SYN: peptidyl dipeptidase A.
dipeptidyl peptidase
A hydrolase occurring in a number of forms: d. I, dipeptidyl transferase, cleaving dipeptides from the amino end of polypeptides; d. II, with properties similar to those of I, ...
dipeptidyl transferase
Cleaving dipeptides from the amino end of polypeptides. See dipeptidyl peptidase.
A genus of nematode filariae with species in humans and many other mammals; as with other filarial worms, it produces microfilariae in blood or tissue fluids, with adults found ...
A rare congenital anomaly in which the penis is partly or completely duplicated; may be symmetrical, or placed one above the other; often there are associated urogenital or other ...
Occurring in or characterized by two phases or stages.
diphemanil methylsulfate
An anticholinergic agent.
An anorexigenic drug.
An orally effective anticoagulant with actions and uses similar to those of bishydroxycoumarin.
Used as a vermicide in oxyuriasis.
diphenhydramine hydrochloride
An H2 antihistaminic with anticholinergic and sedative properties.
An antiemetic.
diphenol oxidase
SYN: catechol oxidase.
diphenoxylate hydrochloride
An antidiarrheal agent, chemically related to meperidine, that inhibits rhythmic contraction of smooth muscle; it has modest addiction liability. Similar to loperamide.
Colorless liquid; used as heat transfer agent, frequently as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); as fungistat for oranges (applied to inside of shipping container or wrappers); ...
Prefix denoting two independent phenyl groups attached to a third atom or radical, as in diphenylamine.
A sternutator, inhalation of which causes violent sneezing, cough, salivation, headache, and retrosternal pain; a common vomiting agent used in mob and riot control.
A common vomiting agent used for mob and riot control.
SYN: carbazole.
See phenytoin.
diphenylpyraline hydrochloride
An H1 antihistaminic similar in action and use to diphenhydramine.
A poison gas used in World War I; it is also slightly lacrimatoric.
SYN: pyrophosphatase. - inorganic d. SYN: inorganic pyrophosphatase.
SYN: pyrophosphate.
SYN: thiamin pyrophosphate.
An acute infectious disease that typically strikes the upper respiratory tract including the throat. It is caused by infection with the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae. ...
diphtherial, diphtheritic
Relating to diphtheria, or the membranous exudate characteristic of this disease. SYN: diphtheric.
SYN: diphtherial.
1. One of a group of local infections suggesting diphtheria, but caused by microorganisms other than Corynebacterium diphtheriae. SYN: Epstein disease, false diphtheria, ...
The toxin of diphtheria.
Infection with the cestode Diphyllobothrium latum; human infection is caused by ingestion of raw or inadequately cooked fish infected with the plerocercoid larva. Leukocytosis ...
A large genus of tapeworms (order Pseudophyllidea) characterized by a spatulate scolex with dorsal and ventral sucking grooves or bothria. Several species are found in humans, ...
Possessing two sets of teeth, as occurs in humans and most other mammals. [G. di-, two, + phyo, to produce, + odous (odont-), tooth]
An intestinal antispasmodic.
dipivefrin hydrochloride
An adrenergic epinephrine prodrug used in drop form in initial therapy for control of intraocular pressure in chronic open-angle glaucoma.
Abnormal perception of sound, either in time or in pitch, so that one sound is heard as two. [G. diplous, double, + akousis, a hearing] - d. binauralis a condition in which the ...
Paralysis of corresponding parts on both sides of the body. SYN: double hemiplegia. [G. di-, two, + plege, a stroke] - congenital facial d. SYN: Möbius syndrome. - facial d. ...
Double, twofold. See haplo-. [G. diploos, double]
The coexistence of nephritic, or pathologic, and nonnephritic, or physiologic, albuminuria.
Two rod-shaped bacterial cells linked end to end. [ diplo- + bacillus]
Formed of two germ layers. [ diplo- + G. blastos, germ]
An anomaly in which the left and right halves of the heart are separated to varying degrees by a central fissure. [ diplo- + G. kardia, heart]
SYN: dicephalus.
diplocheiria, diplochiria
SYN: dicheiria. [ diplo- + G. cheir, hand]
The presence of diplococci in the blood; used especially in referring to Neisseria meningitidis (meningococci) in circulating blood.
Plural of diplococcus.
An antibiotic crystalline substance isolated from cultures of lactic acid -producing cocci present in milk active against lactobacilli and certain Gram-positive cocci, but ...
Species of this former genus of bacteria are now assigned to other genera. D. pneumoniae, the type species of D., is a member of the genus Streptococcus. See Neisseria, ...
1. Spherical or ovoid bacterial cells joined together in pairs. 2. Common name of any organism belonging to the former bacterial genus D.. [ diplo- + G. kokkos, berry]
The occurrence of two pupils in the eye. SYN: dicoria. [ diplo- + G. kore, pupil]
The central layer of spongy bone between the two layers of compact bone, outer and inner plates, or tables, of the flat cranial bones. [G. diploe, fem. of diplous, double]
Production of a double fetus or of one with some parts doubled. [ diplo- + G. genesis, production]
A genus of tapeworms found in Japan (D. grandis) and probably also in Rumania (D. brauni) [ diplo- + G. gonos, seed, + poros, pore]
Relating to the diploë.
The number of chromosomes in most cells of the body. This number is 46 in humans. It is naturally twice the haploid number of 23 chromosomes contained in human eggs (ova) and ...
A cell nucleus containing four haploid sets; i.e., a tetraploid nucleus. SEE ALSO: polyploidy. [ diplo- + G. karyon, nut (nucleus)]
The occurrence of diabetic and nondiabetic glycosuria in the same individual. [ diplo- + G. meli, honey, + ouron, urine]
Complete or incomplete doubling of the spinal cord; may be accompanied by a bony septum of the vertebral canal. [ diplo- + G. myelon, marrow]
SYN: deuteron.
The doubled form of the chromosome strand visible at the diplotene stage of meiosis. [ diplo- + G. nema, thread]
Supplied by two nerves from different sources, said of certain muscles. [ diplo- + G. neuron, nerve]
General term for conjoined twins, each with fairly complete bodies, although one or more internal organs may be in common. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ diplo- + G. pagos, ...
: The condition whereby a single object appears as two objects. Also called "double vision." * * * The condition in which a single object is perceived as two objects. ...
Duplication of digits of the foot. [ diplo- + G. pous, foot]
Paired allosomes; the pair of centrioles of mammalian cells. SYN: paired allosome. [ diplo- + G. soma, body]
Condition in which twins who seem functionally independent are joined at one or more points. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ diplo- + G. soma, body]
The late stage of prophase in meiosis in which the paired homologous chromosomes begin to repel each other and move apart, but are usually held together by chiasmata. The ...
1. A developmental anomaly involving complete or incomplete duplication of a foot. 2. In conjoined twins and sirenomelia, a degree of union leaving two feet evident. [G. di-, ...
A pair of separated electrical charges, one or more positive and one or more negative; or a pair of separated partial charges. SYN: doublet (2).
dipotassium phosphate
SYN: potassium phosphate.
A narcotic antagonist resembling naloxone but more potent.
A hallucinogenic agent similar to dimethyltryptamine.
Two-faced conjoined twins (incompletely separated identical twins). The twins have almost complete fusion of their bodies with one set of limbs. Part or all of the face is ...
An abnormal or excessive thirst, or a craving for unusual forms of drink. SYN: dipsosis, morbid thirst. [G. dipseo, to thirst]
A thirst-provoking agent. [G. dipsa, thirst, + -gen, producing]
A recurring compulsion to drink alcoholic beverages to excess. See alcoholism. [G. dipsa, thirst, + mania, madness]
An abnormal and persistent fear of drinking alcohol. Sufferers of dipsophobia experience undue anxiety about addiction to alcohol and the effect this addiction can have on ...
Excessive thirst; overwhelming desire for water or another liquid. Dipsosis may occur when the amount of water in the body falls below normal. Any activity that causes ...
Treatment of certain diseases by abstention, as far as possible, from liquids.
An important order of insects (the two-wing flies and gnats), including many significant disease vectors such as the mosquito, tsetse fly, sandfly, and biting midge. [G. di-, ...
Denoting insects of the order Diptera.
Relating to or characteristic of the order Diptera.
Dipus sagitta
A small rodent of southern Russia that serves as a vector, through fleas, of Yersinia pestis (plague bacillus). [G. dipous, jerboa, two-footed; L. sagitta, arrow]
Conjoined twins with a single head and thorax and the pelvis and lower extremities duplicated; when the duplications of the lower parts are symmetric, usually called duplicitas ...
Infection of carnivores and humans with the cestode Dipylidium caninum.
Dipylidium caninum
The commonest species of dog tapeworm, the double-pored tapeworm, the larvae of which are harbored by dog fleas or lice; the worm occasionally infects humans, especially children ...
A coronary vasodilator that also has a weak action to reduce platelet aggregation; commonly used in place of exercise for studies of myocardial contractility.
dipyrimidine photolyase
SYN: deoxyribodipyrimidine photolyase.
SYN: aminopyrine.
Shortened terminology for an intervertebral disc, a disk-shaped piece of specialized tissue that separates the bones of the spinal column. The center of a disc, called the ...
Disc, cervical
A disk shaped piece of specialized tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal column in the neck. The center of the disc, which is called the nucleus, is soft, ...
Disc, optic
The circular area in the back of the inside of the eye where the optic nerve connects to the retina. Also called the optic nerve head.
Disc, slipped
Rupturing of the tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal column. The center of the disc, which is called the nucleus, is soft, springy and receives the shock of ...
See disco-.
Excision, in part or whole, of an intervertebral disk. SYN: discotomy. [disco- + G. ektome, excision]
The flow of fluid from part of the body such as the nose or vagina. * * * 1. That which is emitted or evacuated, as an excretion or a secretion. 2. The activation or firing of a ...
Zacharias, 20th century Austrian-U.S. biochemist, 1895–1988. See D. reaction, D. reagent, D.-Schwarz reagent.
A disturbance in the consciousness of time. [L. dis-, apart, + G. chronos, time]
Plural of discus.
1. Incision or cutting through a part. 2. In ophthalmology, opening of the capsule and breaking up of the cortex of the lens with a needle knife or laser. [L. di- scindo, pp. ...
Inflammation of an intervertebral disk or disk space often related to infections. SYN: diskitis.
disco-, disc-
A disk; disk-shaped. [G. diskos]
Denoting a discoblastula.
A blastula of the type produced by the meroblastic discoidal cleavage of a large-yolked ovum.
A gastrula of the type formed after the discoidal cleavage of a large-yolked ovum.
Denoting a disorder originating in or from an intervertebral disk. [disco- + G. genesis, origin]
1. Resembling a disk. 2. In dentistry, an excavating or carving instrument having a circular blade with a cutting edge around the periphery. [disco- + G. eidos, appearance]
Not paired in action or joined together; the opposite of conjugate. See d. movement of eyes. [L. dis-, apart, + jugatus, yoked]
Disease of a disk, particularly of an invertebral disk. [disco- + G. pathos, disease] - traumatic cervical d. an injury characterized by fissuration, laceration and/or ...
A placenta of discoid shape.
1. Dissociation of two characteristics in the members of a sample from a population; used as a measure of dependence. 2. In genetics, the presence of a given trait in only one ...
SYN: discectomy. [disco- + G. tome, incision]
Separate; distinct; not joined to or incorporated with another; denoting especially certain lesions of the skin. [L. dis- cerno, pp. -cretus, to separate]
In conditioning, responding differentially, as when an organism makes one response to a reinforced stimulus and a different response to an unreinforced stimulus. [L. discrimino, ...
SYN: lamella (2). [L. fr. G. diskos, a quoit, disk] - d. articularis [TA] SYN: articular disk. - d. articularis acromioclavicularis [TA] SYN: articular disk of acromioclavicular ...
A doubly refractive element in striated muscular tissue. [G. dis, twice, + dia, through, + klastos, broken]
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is ...
Disease, acute respiratory
A sudden condition in which breathing is difficult and the oxygen levels in the blood abruptly drop lower than normal.
Disease, Addison
Long-term underfunction of the outer portion of the adrenal gland. In medical terms, chronic insufficiency of the adrenal cortex. This may be due to a number of different ...
Disease, adult celiac
This condition results from an immune (allergic) reaction to gluten, a protein found in wheat and related grains and present in many foods that we eat. Sprue causes impaired ...
Disease, Alexander
A slowly progressive and ultimately fatal brain disorder that most commonly occurs in children. The infantile form of the disease is characterized by megalencephaly (an ...
Disease, Alpers
A progressive disease of the nervous system characterized by spasticity (tightness), myoclonus and dementia and by liver problems with jaundice and cirrhosis. This disorder, ...
Disease, alveolar hydatid (AHD)
A parasitic disease caused by the larval stage of a microscopic tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. AHD is found worldwide, mostly in northern latitudes. in central Europe, ...
Disease, Alzheimer
A progressive degenerative disease of the brain that leads to dementia. On a cellular level, Alzheimer disease is characterized by unusual helical protein filaments in nerve ...
Disease, Anderson-Fabry
A genetic disease, also known as Fabry disease, due to deficiency of an enzyme called alpha-galactosidase A. This enzyme is essential to the metabolism of molecules known as ...
Disease, Behcet's
Behcet's disease is a syndrome characterized by a triad of features, namely, ulcers in the mouth, ulcers of the genitalia and uveitis. The ulcers of the mouth and genitalia ...
Disease, Bernard-Soulier (giant platelet syndrome)
This disease is a primary problem of platelets in which the platelets lack the ability to stick adequately to injured blood vessel walls. This is a crucial aspect of the process ...
Disease, Binswanger
A form of dementia with blood vessel abnormalities in the deep white-matter of the brain causing loss of memory, decreasing cognition, and mood changes. Patients usually show ...
Disease, bipolar
A type of depressive disease, formerly called manic-depressive illness. Not nearly as prevalent as other forms of depressive disorders. Bipolar disorder involves alternating ...
Disease, black lung
Lung disease that is the direct result of coal mining. The silica mineral and carbon in the dust raised by coal mining can cause this serious chronic lung disease. Emphysema ...
Disease, Bornholm
Bornholm disease is a temporary illness that is a result of virus infection. The disease features fever and intense abdominal and chest pains with headache. The chest pain is ...
Disease, Bowen
An early stage of skin cancer. Bowen disease is medically the same as " squamous cell carcinoma in situ." Squamous cell carcinoma is a tumor that develops from the squamous ...
Disease, Brill-Zinsser
Recrudescence of epidemic typhus years after the initial attack. The agent that causes epidemic typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii) remains viable for many years and then when host ...
Disease, cardiovascular
Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular diseases include arteriosclerosis, coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, arrhythmia, heart failure, ...
Disease, Castleman
A disorder of lymphoid tissue (lymphadenopathy) with massive overgrowth (hyperplasia) of lymph nodes ("swollen glands"), most commonly affecting the nodes between the lungs (in ...
Disease, cat scratch
A bacterial infection due to a cat scratch seen most often today in people with HIV. The disease characteristically presents with swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenitis), sore throat, ...
Disease, central core, of muscle (CCD)
One of the conditions that produces ‘floppy baby’ syndrome. CCD causes hypotonia (floppiness) in the newborn baby, slowly progressive muscle weakness, and muscle cramps ...
Disease, Charcot-Marie-Tooth
A neuromuscular disease that is the most common inherited disorder of peripheral nerves, characterized by progressively debilitating weakness. The disease is also called ...
Disease, congenital heart
A malformation of the heart or the large blood vessels near the heart. The term “congenital” speaks only to time, not to causation; it means “born with” or “present at ...
Disease, Conor and Bruch
: African tick typhus, one of the tick-borne rickettsial diseases of the eastern hemisphere similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever but less severe. Characteristic features ...
Disease, coronary artery
A major cause of illness and death, coronary artery disease (CAD) begins when hard cholesterol substances (plaques) are deposited within a coronary artery. (The coronary arteries ...
Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob (CJD)
A dementing disease of the brain. It is believed due to an unconventional (not a bacteria or virus), transmissible agent called a prion. Symptoms of CJD include forgetfulness, ...
Disease, Crohn
A chronic inflammatory disease primarily involving the small and large intestine but which can affect other parts of the digestive system. It is named for Burrill Crohn, the ...
Disease, Cushing
The constellation of symptoms and signs caused by an excess of cortisol hormone. Cushing disease (or syndrome) is an extremely complex hormonal condition that involves many ...
Disease, cystine transport
Commonly known as cystinuria, this is an inherited (genetic) disorder of the transport of an amino acid (a building block of protein) called cystine resulting in an excess of ...
Disease, degenerative joint
Also known as osteoarthritis, this type of arthritis is caused by inflammation, breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of the joints. Among the over 100 different types of ...
Disease, delta-storage pool
A genetic (inherited) disorder, also known as the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS), characterized by albinism (with lack of skin and eye pigment), bruising and prolonged bleeding ...
Disease, exaggerated startle
A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction). This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described ...
Disease, Fabry
A genetic disease due to deficiency of an enzyme called alpha-galactosidase A. This enzyme is essential to the metabolism of molecules known as glycosphingolipids. Without the ...
Disease, Fahr
This syndrome described in 1930 by T. Fahr is a genetic (inherited) neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in certain of areas of the brain ...
Disease, foot-and-mouth
A highly infectious virus that can infect people but affects them most by infecting livestock — cattle, pigs, sheep and goats. The virus is in the same family of viruses as ...
Disease, Forestier
A form of degenerative arthritis characteristically associated with flowing calcification along the sides of the vertebrae of the spine and commonly with inflammation (tendinitis) ...
Disease, guinea worm
A parasitic disease caused by infection with the guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis), the largest parasite known to plague people. Guinea worm disease is also called ...
Disease, gum
Inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surrounds the teeth and holds them in place. Gum disease is caused by toxins secreted by bacteria in ...
Disease, hand-foot-and-mouth
A viral syndrome with a rash on the hands and feet and in the mouth. The internal rash (the enanthem) consists of blisters and little ulcers that may involve not only the lining ...
Disease, Hansen
Leprosy, a chronic granulomatous infection caused by a bacillus which affects various parts of the body, including particularly the skin and nerves. Granulomas are inflammatory ...
Disease, Heberden
There are two different Heberden diseases: Angina pectoris, chest pain that is often severe and crushing, due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. ...
Disease, hemolytic, of the newborn
Abnormal breakup of red blood cells in the fetus or newborn.
Disease, Hirschsprung
A congenital abnormality (birth defect) of the bowel in which there is absence of the ganglia (nerves) in the wall of the bowel. Nerves are missing starting at the anus and ...
Disease, His
Named for the Swiss physician Wilhelm His, Jr. (who also described the bundle of His in the heart), this is a louse-borne disease first recognized in the trenches of World War I ...
Disease, His-Werner
Named for the Swiss physician Wilhelm His, Jr. (who also described the bundle of His in the heart) and the German physician Heinrich Werner (who was not the Werner who described ...
Disease, Hodgkin (Hodgkin lymphoma)
A disease of the lymph nodes named after the English physician Thomas Hodgkin (1798-1866) who discovered it. ("Perfecting the World" is an excellent biography of Dr. ...
Disease, Huntington
An hereditary disorder with mental and physical deterioration leading to death. Although characterized as an "adult-onset" disease (as is usually the case), we have ...
Disease, hydroxyapatite crystal
The inflammation caused by hydroxyapatite crystals has been referred to as hydroxyapatite crystal disease. Hydroxyapatite is a major component and an essential ingredient of ...
Disease, inflammatory bowel
A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by inflammation of the bowel — the large or small intestine. The most common types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are ...
Disease, Jakob’s
Better known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), a dementing disease of the brain. It is believed due to an unconventional, transmissible agent (a prion). Symptoms of CJD ...
Disease, Jakob-Creutzfeldt
A transmissible degenerative brain disorder technically termed spongiform encephalopathy. Eating "mad cow" meat or squirrel brain can lead to Jakob-Creutzfeldt-like ...
Disease, Kawasaki
A syndrome of unknown origin, mainly affecting young children, causing fever, reddening of the eyes (conjunctivitis), lips and mucous membranes of the mouth, ulcerative gum ...
Disease, Keshan
Condition caused by deficiency of the essential mineral selenium. Keshan disease is a potentially fatal form of cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle). It was first ...
Disease, Kikuchi
A disorder that typically causes "swollen glands" in the neck (cervical lymphadeniopathy) together with fever or flu-like symptoms. Laboratory test abnormalities include elevated ...
Disease, Kimmelstiel-Wilson
Diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease). Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease is a kidney condition associated with long-standing diabetes. It affects the network of tiny blood vessels (the ...
Disease, kissing
Infectious mononucleosis ("mono"), a very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). By the time most people reach adulthood, an antibody against EBV can ...
Disease, Kok
A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction). This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described ...
Disease, Kostmann
A condition with a lack of neutrophils (a type of white blood cell that is important in fighting infection). Children with this disease suffer frequent infections from bacteria ...
Disease, Legionnaire
A disease due to the bacteria Legionella pneumophila found in plumbing, shower heads and water-storage tanks. Outbreaks of Legionella pneumonia have been attributed to ...
Disease, lipid storage
A series of disorders due to inborn errors in lipid metabolism resulting in the abnormal accumulation of lipids in the wrong places (Examples include Gaucher, Fabry and ...
Disease, Lobstein’s
Osteogenesis imperfecta type I. An inherited, generalized connective tissue disorder featuring bone fragility and blue sclerae (blue whites of the eyes). The classic mild form ...
Disease, Lou Gehrig
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a classic motor neuron disease. Motor neuron diseases are progressive chronic diseases of the nerves that come from the spinal cord ...
Disease, Marburg
A severe form of hemorrhagic fever which affects both humans and non-human primates. Caused by a genetically unique zoonotic (that is, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus ...

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