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Слова на букву du b-extr (2629)

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ergotoxine
A mixture of alkaloids obtained from ergot, consisting of 1:1:1 ergocristine, ergocornine and ergocryptine, more toxic than other natural and semisynthetic ergot alkaloids; ...
ergotropic
The term introduced by W.R. Hess to denote those mechanisms and the functional status of the nervous system that favor the organism's capacity to expend energy, as distinguished ...
eriodictyon
The dried leaves of E. californicum (family Hydrophyllaceae); the fluidextract and the syrup have been used as an expectorant and flavoring agent to mask the taste of bitter ...
erisophake
A surgical instrument designed to hold the lens by suction in cataract extraction; now seldom used. [G. erysis, a drawing, + phakos, lentil]
Erlenmeyer
Emil, German chemist, 1825–1909. See E. flask, E. flask deformity.
erode
1. To cause, or to be affected by, erosion. 2. To remove by ulceration. [L. erodo, to gnaw away]
erogenous
Capable of producing sexual excitement when stimulated. [G. eros, love, + genos, birth]
eros
In psychoanalysis, the life principle representing all instinctual tendencies toward procreation and life. instinct. Cf.:thanatos. [G. love]
erose
Denoting an edge or margin which is irregularly notched or indented, as if gnawed away; used especially in reference to bacterial colonies. [L. erodo, pp. erosus, to gnaw away]
Erosion
An erosion is an eating away of a surface. ("Erodere" in Latin means to eat out.) For example, a skin erosion is a loss of part or all of the epidermis (the outer layer) leaving ...
erosive
1. Having the property of eroding or wearing away. 2. An eroding agent.
erotic
Lustful; relating to sexual passion; able to produce sexual arousal. [G. erotikos, relating to love, fr. eros, love]
erotism, eroticism
A condition of sexual excitement. - anal e. pleasurable experience centered around defecation and related activities associated with the anal zone, especially during the anal ...
erotization
A process in which an object or action is rendered sexually exciting. SYN: libidinization.
erotogenesis
The origin or genesis of sexual impulses. [G. eros, love, + genesis, origin]
erotogenic
Capable of causing sexual excitement or arousal. [G. eros, love, + -gen, production]
Erotomania
The false but persistent belief that one is loved by a person (often a famous or prominent person), or the pathologically obsessive pursuit of a disinterested object of love. ...
erotopathic
Relating to erotopathy.
erotopathy
Any abnormality of the sexual impulse. [G. eros, love, + pathos, suffering]
erotophobia
Morbid aversion to the thought of sexual love and to its physical expression. [G. eros, love, + phobos, fear]
ERP
Abbreviation for early receptor potential.
ERPF
Abbreviation for effective renal plasma flow.
erratic
1. SYN: eccentric (1). 2. Denoting symptoms that vary in intensity, frequency, or location. [L. erro, pp. erratus, to wander]
error
1. A defect in structure or function. 2. In biostatistics : 1) a mistaken decision, as in hypothesis testing or classification by a discriminant function; 2) the difference ...
Error, alpha
The statistical error (said to be "of the first kind" or type I) made in testing an hypothesis when it is concluded that a treatment or intervention is effective when ...
Error, beta
The statistical error (said to be "of the second kind" or type II) made in testing an hypothesis when it is concluded that a treatment or intervention is not effective ...
Errors of metabolism, inborn
Heritable (genetic) disorders of biochemistry. Examples of inborn errors of metabolism include albinism, cystinuria (a cause of kidney stones), phenylketonuria (PKU), and ...
ertacalciol
See tachysterol.
erubescence
A reddening of the skin. [L. erubescere, to redden]
erucic acid
A 22-carbon unsaturated fatty acid present in the seeds of nasturtium (Indian cress) and of several Cruciferae species (rape, mustard, and wallflower); thought to be toxic to ...
Eructation
Better known as burping or belching. Casting up wind (expelling air) from the stomach through the mouth. * * * The voiding of gas or of a small quantity of acid fluid from the ...
eruption
1. A breaking out, especially the appearance of lesions on the skin. 2. A rapidly developing dermatosis of the skin or mucous membranes, especially when appearing as a local ...
eruptive
Characterized by eruption.
ERV
Abbreviation for expiratory reserve volume.
erysipelas
A specific, acute, superficial cutaneous cellulitis caused by β-hemolytic streptococci and characterized by hot, red, edematous, brawny, and sharply defined eruptions; ...
erysipeloid
A specific, usually self-limiting, cellulitis of the hand caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae; appears as a dusky erythema with diamondlike configuration of the skin at the ...
Erysipelothrix
A genus of bacteria (family Corynebacteriaceae) containing nonmotile, Gram-positive, rod-shaped organisms that have a tendency to form long filaments; older cells tend to become ...
erysipelotoxin
A toxin produced by types of Streptococcus pyogenes (group A hemolytic streptococci), the bacterial cause of erysipelas.
Erythema
: A redness of the skin resulting from inflammation, for example, as caused by sunburn. * * * Redness due to capillary dilation. [G. e., flush] - e. ab igne a reticulated, ...
Erythema chronicum migrans
The classic initial rash of Lyme disease. In the early phase of the illness, within hours to weeks of the tick bite, the local skin develops an expanding ring of unraised ...
Erythema dose
The amount of radiation which, applied to the skin, makes it turn temporarily red (erythematous).
Erythema infectiosum
A sometimes-used Latin name for fifth disease. See Fifth disease.
Erythema multiforme
This entry on erythema multiforme pertain specifically to the Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS). It is a systemic (bodywide) disease with a characteristic rash involving the skin and ...
erythematous
Relating to or marked by erythema.
erythermalgia
SYN: erythromelalgia.
erythr-
See erythro-.
erythralgia
Painful redness of the skin. SEE ALSO: erythromelalgia. [erythro- + G. algos, pain]
erythrasma
An eruption of well-circumscribed reddish brown patches, in the axillae and groins especially, due to the presence of Corynebacterium minutissimum in the stratum corneum. [G. ...
erythredema
SYN: acrodynia (2). [erythro- + G. oidema, swelling]
erythremia
SYN: polycythemia vera. [erythro- + G. haima, blood] - altitude e. SYN: chronic mountain sickness.
erythristic
SYN: rufous.
erythrite
SYN: erythritol.
erythritol
The 4-carbon sugar alcohol obtained by the reduction of erythrose, notable for its sweetness (twice that of sucrose); found in lichens, algae, and fungi. SYN: erythrite, ...
erythrityl tetranitrate
A vasodilator used in angina pectoris and hypertension. SYN: erythrol tetranitrate, tetranitrol.
erythro-, erythr-
1. Combining form denoting red or red blood cell; corresponds to L. rub-. 2. Indicates the structure of erythrose in a larger sugar; used as such, it is italicized ( e.g., ...
erythroblast
Originally, a term denoting all forms of human red blood cells containing a nucleus, both pathologic ( i.e., megaloblastic) and normal ( e.g., normoblastic). The pathologic or ...
erythroblastemia
The presence of nucleated red cells in the peripheral blood. [ erythroblast + G. haima, blood]
erythroblastopenia
A primary deficiency of erythroblasts in bone marrow, seen in aplastic anemia. [ erythroblast + G. penia, poverty] - transient e. of childhood a disorder of unknown cause with ...
erythroblastosis
The presence of erythroblasts in considerable number in the blood. [ erythroblast + -osis, condition] - fetal e. SYN: e. fetalis. - e. fetalis a grave hemolytic anemia that, in ...
erythroblastotic
Pertaining to erythroblastosis, especially erythroblastosis fetalis.
erythrocatalysis
Phagocytosis of the red blood cells. [erythro- + G. katalysis, dissolution]
erythrochromia
A red coloration or staining. [erythro- + G. chroma, color]
erythroclasis
Fragmentation of the red blood cells. [erythro- + G. klasis, a breaking]
erythroclastic
Pertaining to erythroclasis; destructive to red blood cells.
erythrocuprein
SYN: cytocuprein.
Erythrocyanosis
A condition characterized by reddish discoloration and swelling of the limbs in response to cold exposure. Erythrocyanosis is particularly common in children and females. * * * A ...
erythrocyte
A mature red blood cell. SYN: red blood cell, red corpuscle. [erythro- + G. kytos, cell]
erythrocythemia
SYN: polycythemia. [erythro- + G. kytos, cell, + haima, blood]
erythrocytic
Pertaining to an erythrocyte.
erythrocytoblast
SYN: erythroblast. [erythro- + G. kytos, cell, + blastos, germ]
erythrocytolysin
SYN: hemolysin (1).
erythrocytolysis
SYN: hemolysis. [erythrocyte + G. lysis, loosening]
erythrocytometer
An instrument for counting the red blood cells; Hayden used this term to denote an instrument to measure the diameter of red blood cells. [erythrocyte + G. metron, measure]
erythrocytopenia
SYN: erythropenia.
erythrocytopoiesis
SYN: erythropoiesis.
erythrocytorrhexis
A partial erythrocytolysis in which particles of protoplasm escape from the red blood cells, which then become crenated and deformed. SYN: erythrorrhexis. [erythrocyte + G. ...
erythrocytoschisis
A breaking up of the red blood cells into small particles that morphologically resemble platelets. [erythrocyte + G. schisis, a splitting]
erythrocytosis
Polycythemia, especially that which occurs in response to some known stimulus.
erythrocyturia
Red blood cells in urine.
erythrodegenerative
Pertaining to or characterized by degeneration of the red blood cells.
erythroderma
A nonspecific designation for intense and usually widespread reddening of the skin from dilation of blood vessel s, often preceding, or associated with exfoliation. SYN: ...
erythrodermatitis
SYN: erythroderma.
Erythrodermic psoriasis
A particularly inflammatory form of psoriasis that often affects most of the body surface. It is the least common form of psoriasis and most commonly appears on people who have ...
erythrodextrin
A partially digested form of dextrin identified by its color reaction with iodine ( I.E., turning red).
erythrodontia
Reddish discoloration of the teeth, as may occur in porphyria. [erythro- + G. odous, tooth]
erythrogenesis imperfecta
SYN: congenital hypoplastic anemia.
erythrogenic
1. Producing red, as causing an eruption or a red color sensation. 2. Pertaining to the formation of red blood cells. [erythro- + -gen, producing]
erythrogonium
The precursor of an erythrocyte; occasionally refers to the erythropoietic tissue as a whole. [erythro- + G. gone, generation]
erythroid
Reddish in color.
erythroidin
A nicotinic cholinergic antagonist which unlike most members of this group of agents, is a tertiary amine and hence enters the central nervous system.
erythrokeratodermia
A neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by papulosquamous erythematous plaques with onset shortly after birth; ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, and decreased tendon reflexes ...
erythrokinetics
A consideration of the kinetics of erythrocytes from their generation to destruction; erythrokinetic studies are sometimes made in cases of anemia to evaluate the balance between ...
erythrol
SYN: erythritol. - e. tetranitrate SYN: erythrityl tetranitrate.
Erythroleukemia
: A form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) involving the cells that give rise to the erythrocytes (the red blood cells). In this type of leukemia, the body produces large numbers ...
erythroleukosis
A condition resembling leukemia in which the erythropoietic tissue is affected in addition to the leukopoietic tissue.
erythrolysin
SYN: hemolysin (1).
erythrolysis
SYN: hemolysis.
erythromelalgia
1. A rare disorder most common in middle age, characterized by paroxysmal attacks of severe burning pain, reddening, hyperalgesia, and sweating, involving one or more ...
erythromelia
Diffuse idiopathic erythema and atrophy of the skin of the lower limbs. [erythro- + G. melos, limb]
Erythromycin
A common antibiotic for treating bacterial infection. Sold under many brand names, including * * * A macrolide antibiotic agent obtained from cultures of a strain of ...
erythron
The total mass of circulating red blood cells, and that part of the hematopoietic tissue from which they are derived.
erythroneocytosis
The presence in the peripheral circulation of regenerative forms of red blood cells. [erythrocyte + G. neos, new, + kytos, cell, + -osis, condition]
erythropenia
Deficiency in the number of red blood cells. SYN: erythrocytopenia. [erythrocyte + G. penia, poverty]
erythrophagia
Phagocytic destruction of red blood cells. [erythrocyte + G. phago, to eat, + -ia]
erythrophagocytosis
Phagocytosis of erythrocytes.
erythrophil
1. Staining readily with red dyes. SYN: erythrophilic. 2. A cell or tissue element that stains red. [erythro- + G. philos, fond]
erythrophilic
SYN: erythrophil (1).
Erythrophobia
: An abnormal and persistent fear of blushing. Sufferers of erythrophobia experience undue anxiety even though they realize their fear is irrational. Their anxiety results from ...
erythrophore
A chromatophore containing granules of a red or brown pigment. SYN: allophore. [erythro- + G. phoros, bearing]
erythroplakia
A red, velvety, plaquelike lesion of mucous membrane that often represents malignant change. [erythro- + G. plax, plate]
erythroplasia
Erythema and dysplasia of the epithelium. [erythro- + G. plasso, to form] - e. of Queyrat obsolete term for carcinoma in situ of the glans penis.
erythropoiesis
The formation of red blood cells. SYN: erythrocytopoiesis. [erythrocyte + G. poiesis, a making]
erythropoietic
Pertaining to or characterized by erythropoiesis.
erythropoietin
A sialic acid-containing protein that enhances erythropoiesis by stimulating formation of proerythroblasts and release of reticulocytes from bone marrow; it is formed by the ...
Erythropoietin (EPO)
A hormone produced by the kidney that promotes the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow. EPO is a glycoprotein (a protein with a sugar attached to it). Human EPO has a ...
Erythropoietin test
A test of the hormone erythropoietin (EPO) in blood. An abnormal level of EPO may mean bone marrow or kidney disease or EPO abuse. Testing EPO blood levels is thus of value if: ...
Erythroprosopalgia
A distinctive syndrome of headaches, also known as cluster headache or migrainous neuralgia. The common pattern of cluster headache is termed “episodic” and is ...
erythropsia
An abnormality of vision in which all objects appear to be tinged with red. SYN: red vision. [erythro- + G. ops, eye]
erythropyknosis
Alteration of red blood cells to develop the so-called “brassy bodies,” under the influence of the malarial parasite. [erythro- + G. pyknos, dense]
erythrorrhexis
SYN: erythrocytorrhexis. [erythrocyte + G. rhexis, rupture]
erythrose
An aldotetrose epimeric with threose. The d-isomer plays a role in intermediary metabolism. - e. 4-phosphate a phosphorylated derivative of e. that serves as an important ...
erythrosin B
Tetraiodofluorescein, a fluorescent red acid dye, used as a counterstain in histology and as a fluorescent indicator.
erythroxyline
Name given to cocaine by its discoverer, Gaedeke, in 1855.
erythrulose
The 2-keto analog of erythrose; the only ketotetrose.
erythruria
The passage of red urine. [erythro- + G. ouron, urine]
Es
Symbol for einsteinium.
Esbach
Georges H., French physician, 1843–1890. See E. reagent.
escape
Term used to describe the situation when a pacemaker defaults or AV conduction fails and another, usually lower pacemaker, assumes the function of pacemaking for one or more ...
Eschar
The scab formed when a wound or skin is sealed by the heat of cautery or burning. Also the dark crusted ulcer (tache noire) at the site of the chigger (mite larva) bite in ...
escharectomy
Excision of all or part of an eschar, usually following a burn.
escharotic
Caustic or corrosive. [G. escharotikos]
escharotomy
Surgical incision in an eschar ( necrotic dermis) to lessen constriction, especially after a circumferential third degree burn of an extremity or the thorax. [ eschar + G. tome, ...
Escherichia
A genus of aerobic, facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing short, motile or nonmotile, Gram-negative rods. Motile cells are peritrichous. Glucose and lactose are fermented ...
escorcin, escorcinol
A brown powder derived from esculetin, a substance derived from esculin; used for the detection of defects in the cornea and conjunctiva, which it marks by a red coloration.
esculapian
SYN: aesculapian.
esculent
Edible; fit for eating. [L. esculentus, edible]
esculin
A glucoside from horse-chestnut bark; used as a sunburn protective. SYN: aesculin. [L. aesculus, the Italian oak]
eseridine
An alkaloid from the seed of Physostigma; a parasympathomimetic agent. SYN: eserine aminoxide, eserine oxide.
eserine
SYN: physostigmine. - e. aminoxide SYN: eseridine. - e. oxide SYN: eseridine. - e. salicylate SYN: physostigmine salicylate.
Esmarch
Johann F.A. von, German surgeon, 1823–1908. See E. tourniquet.
esmolol hydrochloride
A β-adrenergic blocking agent with brief duration of action.
esodeviation
1. SYN: esophoria. 2. SYN: esotropia.
esodic
SYN: afferent. [G. eso, inward, + hodos, way]
esophagalgia
Rarely used term for pain in the esophagus. SYN: esophagodynia. [esophagus + G. algos, pain]
esophageal
Relating to the esophagus.
Esophageal speech
: Speech produced with air trapped in the esophagus and forced out again.
Esophageal stricture, acute
A narrowing or closure of the normal opening of the swallowing tube leading to the stomach, usually caused by scarring from acid irritation. Acute, complete obstruction of the ...
Esophageal ulcer
A hole in the lining of the esophagus corroded by the acidic digestive juices secreted by the stomach cells. Ulcer formation is related to H. pyloridus bacteria in the stomach, ...
Esophagectomy
: An operation to remove a portion of the esophagus. * * * Excision of all or any part of the esophagus. [esophagus + G. ektome, excision] - Ivor Lewis e. commonly used approach ...
esophagi
Plural of esophagus.
esophagism
Esophageal spasm causing dysphagia. SYN: dysphagia nervosa, nervous dysphagia.
Esophagitis
Inflammation of the esophagus. The esophagus is that soft tube-like portion of the digestive tract connecting the pharynx with the stomach. * * * Inflammation of the esophagus. - ...
esophagocardioplasty
A revisional procedure of the esophagus and cardiac end of the stomach.
esophagocele
Protrusion of the mucous membrane of the esophagus through a tear in the muscular coat. [esophagus + G. kele, hernia]
esophagodynia
SYN: esophagalgia. [esophagus + G. odyne, pain]
esophagoenterostomy
Surgical formation of a direct communication between the esophagus and intestine. [esophagus + G. enteron, intestine, + stoma, mouth]
esophagogastrectomy
Removal of a portion of the lower esophagus and proximal stomach.
Esophagogastric tamponade
A procedure in which a balloon is inflated within the esophagus and stomach to apply pressure on bleeding blood vessels, compress the vessels, and stop the bleeding. Used in the ...
esophagogastroanastomosis
SYN: esophagogastrostomy.
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Also known as EGD (for EsophagoGastroDuodenoscopy) or as upper endoscopy. A procedure that enables the examiner ({{}}usually a gastroenterologist) to examine the esophagus ...
esophagogastromyotomy
SYN: esophagomyotomy.
esophagogastroplasty
SYN: cardioplasty.
esophagogastrostomy
Anastomosis of esophagus to stomach, usually following esophagogastrectomy. SYN: esophagogastroanastomosis, gastroesophagostomy. [esophagus + G. gaster, stomach, + stoma, ...
esophagogram
SYN: esophagram.
esophagography
Radiography of the esophagus using swallowed or injected radiopaque contrast media; the technique of obtaining an esophagram. [esophagus + G. grapho, to write]
esophagology
Study of the structure, physiology, and diseases of the esophagus. [esophagus + G. logos, study]
esophagomalacia
Softening of the walls of the esophagus. [esophagus + G. malakia, softness]
esophagomyotomy
Longitudinal division of the muscular layer down to the submucosa of the lowest part of the esophageal wall; some muscle fibers of the cardia may also be divided. SYN: ...
esophagoplasty
A revisional surgical procedure of the wall of the esophagus. [esophagus + G. plastos, formed]
esophagoplication
Reduction in size of a dilated esophagus or of a pouch in it by making longitudinal folds or tucks in its wall. [esophagus + L. plico, to fold]
esophagoptosis, esophagoptosia
Relaxation and downward displacement of the walls of the esophagus. [esophagus + G. ptosis, a falling]
esophagoscope
An endoscope for inspecting the interior of the esophagus. [esophagus + G. skopeo, to examine]
Esophagoscopy
: Examination of the esophagus using a thin, lighted instrument. * * * Inspection of the interior of the esophagus by means of an endoscope. [esophagus + G. skopeo, to examine]
esophagospasm
Spasm of the walls of the esophagus.
esophagostenosis
Stricture or a general narrowing of the esophagus. [esophagus + G. stenosis, a narrowing]
esophagostomiasis
SYN: oesophagostomiasis. [esophagus + G. stoma, mouth, + -iasis, condition]
esophagostomy
Surgical formation of an opening directly into the esophagus from without. [esophagus + G. stoma, mouth]
esophagotomy
An incision through the wall of the esophagus. [esophagus + G. tome, an incision]
Esophagram
: A series of x-rays of the esophagus. The x-ray pictures are taken after the patient drinks a solution that coats and outlines the walls of the esophagus. Also called a barium ...
Esophagus
The esophagus, part of the digestive tract, is a tube that connects the throat with the stomach. It lies between the trachea (windpipe) and the spine. In an adult, the esophagus ...
esophoria
A tendency for the eyes to turn inward, prevented by binocular vision. SYN: esodeviation (1). [G. eso, inward, + phora, a carrying]
esophoric
Relating to or marked by esophoria.
Esotropia
Cross-eyed or, in medical terms, convergent or internal strabismus. * * * The form of strabismus in which the visual axes converge; may be paralytic or concomitant, ...
esotropic
Relating to or marked by esotropia.
ESP
Abbreviation for extrasensory perception.
espundia
A type of American leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis that affects the mucous membranes, particularly in the nasal and oral region, resulting in grossly destructive ...
esquinancea
Sense of suffocation caused by an inflammatory swelling in the throat, as in suppurative tonsillitis or pharyngitis. [Fr. esquinancie, quinsy]
ESR
Abbreviation for erythrocyte sedimentation rate, a blood test that detects and monitors inflammation in the body. It measures the rate at which red blood cells (RBCs) in a test ...
essence
1. The true characteristic or substance of a body. 2. An element. 3. A fluidextract. 4. An alcoholic solution, or spirit, of the volatile oil of a plant. 5. Any volatile ...
Essential
As in essential hypertension. A hallowed term meaning "We don't know the cause." Synonymous with idiopathic. * * * 1. Necessary, indispensable, ( e.g., e. amino acid s, ...
Essential fatty acid
An unsaturated fatty acid that is essential to human health, but cannot be manufactured in the body. There are three types of essential fatty acids (EFAs): arachnoidic acid, ...
Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia
A condition in which cryoglobulin proteins which are a mixture of various antibody types form for unknown (essential) reasons. Cryoglobulins are abnormal blood proteins that, ...
Essential oil
An oil derived from a natural substance, usually either for its healing properties or as a perfume. Some pharmaceuticals, and many over-the-counter or “holistic” remedies, are ...
Essential vulvodynia
A chronic, diffuse, unremitting sensation of burning of the vulva — (the female external genital organs including the labia, clitoris, and entrance to the vagina)— a painful ...
Esser
Johannes F.S., Dutch surgeon, 1877–1946.
Essick
C., 20th century U.S. anatomist. See E. cell bands, under band.
Essig splint
See under splint.
EST (expressed sequence tag)
A unique stretch of DNA within a coding region of a gene that is useful for identifying full-length genes and serves as a landmark for mapping. An EST is a sequence tagged site ...
estazolam
A benzodiazepine compound with sedative/hypnotic properties.
ester
An organic compound containing the grouping, –X(O)–O–R (X = carbon, sulfur, phosphorus, etc.; R = radical of an alcohol), formed by the elimination of H2O between the ...
esterase
A generic term for enzymes (EC class 3.1, hydrolases) that catalyze the hydrolysis of esters. - C1 e. subunit of the first component of complement (C1) involved in the ...
esterification
The process of forming an ester, as in the reaction of ethanol and acetic acid to form ethyl acetate.
Estes
William L., Jr., U.S. surgeon, 1885–1940. See E. operation.
esthematology
The science concerned with the senses and sense organs. [G. aisthema, perception, + logos, study]
esthesia
1. SYN: perception. 2. SYN: sensitivity (2). [G. aisthesis, sensation]
esthesic
Relating to the mental perception of the existence of any part of the body. [G. aisthesis, sensation]
esthesio-
1. Sensation, perception. [G. aesthesis, sense perception]
esthesiodic
Conveying sensory impressions. SYN: esthesodic. [ esthesio- + G. hodos, way]
esthesiogenesis
The production of sensation, especially of nervous erethism. [ esthesio- + G. genesis, origin]
esthesiogenic
Producing a sensation.
esthesiography
1. A description of the organs of sense and of the mechanism of sensation. 2. Mapping out on the skin the areas of tactile and other forms of sensibility. [ esthesio- + G. ...
esthesiology
The science concerned with sensory phenomena. [ esthesio- + G. logos, study]
esthesiometer
An instrument for determining the state of tactile and other forms of sensibility. SYN: tactometer. [ esthesio- + G. metron, measure]
esthesiometry
Measurement of the degree of tactile or other sensibility.
esthesioneuroblastoma
A neoplasm of immature, poorly differentiated neuronal cells believed to arise from neuroepithelial precursors. [ esthesio- + neuroblastoma] - olfactory e. SYN: olfactory ...
esthesioneurocytoma
A neoplasm composed of nearly mature neuronlike cells believed to arise from a spinal or cranial ganglia. [ esthesio- + neurocytoma]
esthesiophysiology
The physiology of sensation and the sense organs.
esthesioscopy
Examination into the degree and extent of tactile and other forms of sensibility. [ esthesio- + G. skopeo, to view]
esthesodic
SYN: esthesiodic.
esthetic
1. Pertaining to the sensations. 2. Pertaining to esthetics ( i.e., beauty). [G. aisthesis, sensation]
esthetics
The branch of philosophy concerned with art and beauty, especially with the components thereof. - denture e. 1. the cosmetic effect produced by a dental prosthesis; 2. the ...
estimate
1. A measurement or a statement about the value of some quantity that is known, believed, or suspected to incorporate some degree of error. 2. The result of applying any ...
Estimated date of confinement (EDC)
The due date or estimated calendar date when a baby will be born.
estimation
Any nontrivial statistical procedure that assigns to an unknown quantity ( parameter) a plausible value on the basis of appropriate and pertinent data collected in a proper random ...
estimator
A prescription for obtaining an estimate from a random sample of data. An e. is a procedure, not a result, and therefore is a random variable and has a variance. For instance an ...
estival
Relating to or occurring in the summer. SYN: aestival. [L. aestivus, summer (adj.)]
estivation
Living through the summer in a quiescent, torpid state. Cf.:hibernation.
estivoautumnal
Relating to or occurring in summer and autumn. [L. aestivus, summer (adj.), + autumnalis, autumnal]
Estlander
Jakob A., Finnish surgeon, 1831–1881. See E. flap.
estradiol
β-E.; 17β-e.; the most potent naturally occurring estrogen in mammals, formed by the ovary, placenta, testis, and possibly the adrenal cortex; therapeutic indications for e. are ...
estragon oil
SYN: tarragon oil.
estramustine phosphate sodium
An antineoplastic agent that combines the actions of estrogen and nitrogen mustard in the treatment of carcinoma of the prostate.
estrane
Hypothetical parent hydrocarbon of the (steroid) estrogenic compounds whose names begin with “estr-” ( estradiol, estrone, estriol); conceived to establish a systematic ...
estratriene
The hypothetical triply unsaturated estrane that is the nucleus of most naturally occurring estrogenic steroids in animals.
estrin
SYN: estrogen.
estriol
An estrogenic metabolite of estradiol, usually the predominant estrogenic metabolite found in urine (especially during pregnancy); epimers at C-16, C-17, or both, are known as ...
estrodienol
SYN: dienestrol.
Estrogen
Estrogen is a female hormone produced by the ovaries. Estrogen deficiency can lead to osteoporosis. Estrogen therapy preparations include: esterified estrogens esterified ...
Estrogen, designer
An engineered drug that possesses some, but not all, of the actions of estrogen. Designer estrogens are selective estrogen-receptor modulators (SERMs). For example, raloxifene ...
Estrogen-associated blood clots
Blood clots are occasional but serious side effects of estrogen therapy. They are dose-related, that is, they occur more frequently with higher doses of estrogen. Estrogen ...
Estrogen-associated hypercoagulability
Hypercoagulability (a supranormal tendency for blood to clot) occurs as an occasional but serious side effect of estrogen therapy. The blood clots in this situation are ...
estrogenic
1. Causing estrus in animals. 2. Having an action similar to that of an estrogen.
Estrogens
Female hormones produced by the ovaries. Estrogen deficiency can lead to osteoporosis. Estrogen therapy preparations include: esterified estrogens esterified estrogens and ...
estrone
A metabolite of 17β-estradiol, commonly found in urine, ovaries, and placenta; has considerably less biologic activity than the parent hormone. SYN: follicular hormone, ...
estrous
Pertaining to estrus. SYN: estrual.
estrual
SYN: estrous.
estrus
That portion or phase of the sexual cycle of female animals characterized by willingness to permit coitus; readily detectable behavioral and other signs are exhibited by animals ...
esu
Abbreviation for electrostatic unit.
ESWL
Abbreviation for electrohydraulic shock wave lithotripsy; extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
ESWL (extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy)
A technique for shattering a kidney stone or gallstone with a shock wave produced outside the body. There are several methods available for producing an acoustical or ...
esylate
USAN-approved contraction for ethanesulfonate, CH3CH2SO3-.
Et
Abbreviation for ethyl.
eta
The seventh letter of the Greek alphabet. 1. In chemistry, denotes the position seven atoms from the carboxyl group or other primary functional group. 2. Symbol for viscosity.
etafedrine hydrochloride
A sympathomimetic drug.
etafenone
A coronary vasodilator.
etamsylate
SYN: ethamsylate.
état
A condition or state. [Fr. state] - état criblé (a-tah′kri-bla) in neuropathology, a term describing perivascular atrophy of cerebral tissue, producing lacunae. [Fr. ...
ETEC
Abbreviation for enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.
ethacridine lactate
An antiseptic for treatment of wounds. SYN: acrinol.
ethacrynate sodium
Sodium salt of ethacrynic acid for parenteral use.
ethacrynic acid
An unsaturated ketone derivative of aryloxyacetic acid; a potent loop diuretic and a weak antihypertensive;
ethadione
An anticonvulsant.
ethambutol hydrochloride
A tuberculostatic, effective against organisms resistant to other tuberculostatic drugs; a serious reaction is visual impairment which, however, appears to be reversible. Used ...
ethamivan
A central nervous system stimulant and analeptic, once used as an adjunctive agent in the treatment of severe respiratory depression due to barbiturates and carbon dioxide ...

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