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Evolutionarily conserved sequence
A base sequence in a DNA molecule (or an amino acid sequence in a protein) that has remained largely unchanged throughout evolution.
A forcible pulling out or extraction. Cf.:avulsion. [L. evulsio, fr. e-vello, pp. -vulsus, to pluck out]
William, English physician, 1848–1929. See E. procedure, E. sign.
James, U.S. pathologist, 1866–1943. See E. sarcoma, E. tumor. James H., pathologist, 1798–1827. See E. sign.
Ewing's sarcoma
A type of bone tumor that occurs in children and adolescents, most often in the large bones of the arms and legs and the flat bones of the pelvis, spine and ribs. The tumor is ...
Newly named genus of bacteria (family Enterobacteriaciae) that are usually motile, produce acid but not gas from glucose, use citrate as a carbon source, and do not produce ...
ex vivo
Referring to the use or positioning of a tissue or cell after removal from an organism while the tissue or cells remain viable. [L. from the living]
Out of, from, away from. [L. and G. out of]
Prefix used in the SI and metric system to signify a multiple of one quintillion (1018).
An increase in the severity of a disease or any of its signs or symptoms. [L. ex- acerbo, pp. -atus, to exasperate, increase, fr. acerbus, sour]
Exaggerated startle disease
A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction). This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described ...
An utterance, discourse, or address conveying a marked level of joy, glee, and happiness.
Any investigation or inspection made for the purpose of diagnosis; usually qualified by the method used. - cytologic e. microscopic e. of cells, especially for diagnosis of ...
Examination, digital rectal (DRE)
An exam done to detect abnormalities that can be felt (palpated) from within the rectum. The doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels for anything that ...
Examination, postmortem
An autopsy. Also called a necropsy. Postmortem examinations have been done for more than 2,000 years but during most of this time they were rarely done, and then only for legal ...
One who performs an examination. [L. examino, to weigh, examine] - medical e. 1. a physician who examines a person and reports upon that person's physical condition to the ...
A rash. The word “exanthem” comes from the Greek “exanthema” which means “a breaking out.” “Anthos” in Greek is “a flower,” particularly a flower blossom, so ...
Exanthem subitum
Means a sudden rash. A viral disease of infants and young children with sudden onset of high fever which lasts several days and then suddenly subsides leaving in its wake a fine ...
A skin eruption occurring as a symptom of an acute viral or coccal disease, as in scarlet fever or measles. SYN: exanthem. [G. efflorescence, an eruption, fr. anthos, flower] - ...
Relating to an exanthema.
1. A rash or exanthem. 2. The coming out of a rash or eruption. [G.] - e. arthrosia SYN: dengue.
An external cause of disease, one not originating in the body. [G. ex, out of, + anthropos, man]
Originating outside of the human body.
SYN: periarteritis.
Absence, suppression, or failure of development of one of a series of structures, as of a digit or vertebra. [G. ex, from, + chalao, to abate, release]
SYN: excavation (1). [L. fr. ex-cavo, pp. -cavatus, to hollow out, fr. ex, out, + cavus, hollow] - e. disci [TA] SYN: depression of optic disk. - e. papillae SYN: depression of ...
1. A natural cavity, pouch, or recess; a sunken or depressed area. SYN: depression (2) [TA], excavatio. 2. A cavity formed artificially or as the result of a pathologic ...
1. An instrument like a large sharp spoon or scoop, used in scraping out pathologic tissue. 2. In dentistry, an instrument, generally a small spoon or curette, for cleaning ...
A nodular outgrowth of cementum on the root surface of a tooth.
Alternative spelling for eccentric (2, 3).
That which is more than the usual or specified amount. - antibody e. in a precipitation test, the presence of antibody in an amount greater than that required to combine with all ...
Excess iron
Iron overload can damage the heart, liver, gonads and other organs. Iron overload is a particular risk for: {{}}People with certain genetic conditions such as hemochromatosis; ...
Excess, calcium
An abnormally high level of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia). Overly high intake of calcium can result in levels of calcium that are too high in the blood. This may cause ...
Excessive daytime sleepiness
A neurological disorder in which there is a sudden recurrent uncontrollable compulsion to sleep. Excessive daytime sleepiness is also known as narcolepsy. The condition is ...
To substitute one thing for another, or the act of such substitution. - sister chromatid e. the e. during mitosis of homologous genetic material between sister chromatids; ...
Exchange, gas
The primary function of the lungs involving the transfer of oxygen from inhaled air into the blood and the transfer of carbon dioxide from the blood into the exhaled air.
Excimer laser
A laser that emits very concentrated light in the ultraviolet (UV) region of the spectrum. Excimer lasers are used in medicine. For examples, In ophthalmology — to vaporize ...
A more or less inert substance added in a prescription as a diluent or vehicle or to give form or consistency when the remedy is given in pill form; e.g., simple syrup, ...
To cut out. SEE ALSO: resect.
1. The act of cutting out; the surgical removal of part or all of a structure or organ. SYN: resection (3). 2. In molecular biology, a recombination event in which a genetic ...
Having the capability of being excitable. - supranormal e. at the end of phase three of the cardiac action potential, the successful stimulation threshold falls below ( i.e., ...
1. Capable of quick response to a stimulus; having potentiality for emotional arousal. Cf.:irritable. 2. In neurophysiology, referring to a tissue, cell, or membrane capable of ...
SYN: stimulant. [L. excito, pp. -atus, pres. p. -ans, to arouse]
1. The act of increasing the rapidity or intensity of the physical or mental processes. 2. In neurophysiology, the complete all-or-none response of a nerve or muscle to an ...
Tending to produce excitation.
An emotional state sometimes characterized by its potential for impulsive or poorly controlled activity. - catatonic e. an excited catatonic state seen in one of the ...
Increasing the secretory activity of a gland.
Increasing the activity of the metabolic processes.
Causing or increasing the rapidity of motion. SYN: centrokinetic (2).
Causing muscular activity.
SYN: stimulant (2).
Stimulating to secretion.
Possessing the property of exciting and then poisoning cells or tissues; examples include nerve injury and death produced by glutamate. [excite + G. toxikon, poison]
Toxins that bind to certain receptors ( e.g., certain glutamate receptors) and may cause neuronal cell death; e. may be involved in brain damage associated with strokes.
Exclamation point hair
Exclamation point hair is a key diagnostic finding in a disorder called alopecia areata. Alopecia areata is patchy baldness (alopecia means baldness and areata means occurring ...
An outlying, detached portion of a gland or other part, such as the thyroid or pancreas; an accessory gland. [L. ex, out, + -clave (in enclave)]
A shutting out; disconnection from the main portion. [L. ex- cludo, pp. -clusus, to shut out] - allelic e. in each cell of an individual heterozygous at an autosomal locus, the ...
exclusive provider organization
A managed care plan in which enrollees must receive their care from affiliated providers; treatment provided outside the approved network must be paid for by the patients. SEE ...
A member of a conjugating pair of protozoan ciliates after separation and prior to the subsequent mitotic division of each of the exconjugants. SEE ALSO: conjugant, ...
To scratch or otherwise strip off the skin by physical means.
A scratch mark; a linear break in the skin surface, usually covered with blood or serous crusts. [L. excorio, to skin, strip, fr. corium, skin, hide] - neurotic e. repeated ...
Waste matter or any excretion cast out of the body; e.g., feces. [L. ex- cerno, pp. -cretus, to separate]
Relating to any excrement.
Any outgrowth from a surface. [L. ex- cresco, pp. -cretus, to grow forth] - Lambl excrescences small pointed projections from the edges of the aortic cusps of unknown ...
SYN: excretion (2). [L. neut. pl. of excretus, pp. of ex-cerno, to separate]
To separate from the blood and cast out; to perform excretion.
1. The process whereby the undigested residue of food and the waste products of metabolism are eliminated, material is removed to regulate the composition of body fluids and ...
Relating to excretion.
Any movement from one point to another, usually with the implied idea of returning again to the original position. - lateral e. movement of the mandible to the right or left ...
A cycloduction in which the upper pole of the cornea is rotated outward (laterally). [ex- + cyclo- + L. duco, pp. ductus, to lead]
A cyclophoria in which the upper poles of each cornea tend to rotate laterally. [ex- + cyclo- + G. phora, a carrying]
SYN: extorsion (1). [ex- + cyclo- + L. torqueo, pp. torsus, to twist]
A cyclotropia in which the upper poles of the corneas are rotated outward (laterally) relative to each other. [ex- + cyclo- + G. trope, a turning]
Rotation of the upper pole of each cornea outwards. [ex- + cyclo- + L. vergo, to bend, incline]
Removal from a cyst; denoting the action of certain encysted organisms in escaping from their envelope.
SYN: lateroduction. [ex- + L. duco, pp. ductus, to lead]
A condition, as in shock, in which a considerable portion of the blood is removed from the main circulation but remains within blood vessel s in certain areas where it is ...
SYN: exencephaly.
Relating to exencephaly. SYN: exencephalous.
Herniation of the brain. [ex, out, + G. enkephalos, brain, + kele, tumor]
SYN: exencephalic.
Condition in which the skull is defective with the brain exposed or extruding. SYN: exencephalia. [G. ex, out, + enkephalos, brain]
Removal of internal organs and tissues, usually radical removal of the contents of a body cavity. SYN: evisceration (1). [G. ex, out, + enteron, bowel] - anterior pelvic e. ...
Inflammation of the peritoneal covering of the intestine. [G. exo, on the outside, + enteritis]
1. Active: bodily exertion for the sake of restoring the organs and functions to a healthy state or keeping them healthy. 2. Passive: motion of limbs without effort by the ...
Exercise cardiac stress testing
The most widely used cardiac (heart) screening test. The patient exercises on a treadmill according to a standardized protocol, with progressive increases in the speed and ...
Exercise test
A test (sometimes called the treadmill test or exercise treadmill test) in which a continuous electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) recording of the heart is made as the patient ...
Exercise treadmill
Exercise on a treadmill, a machine with a moving strip on which one walks without moving forward. A treadmill was originally a wide wheel turned by the weight of people ...
Exercise treadmill test
A test (sometimes simply called a treadmill test or exercise test) in which a continuous electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) recording of the heart is made as the patient performs ...
Exercise, aerobic
Brisk physical activity requiring the heart and lungs to work harder to meet the body's increased oxygen demand. Aerobic exercise promotes the circulation of oxygen through the ...
Exercise, isometric
Exercise involving muscular contractions without movement of the involved parts of the body. Isometric exercise is one method of muscular exercise. In contrast, isotonic ...
Exercise, isotonic
Exercise when a contracting muscle shortens against a constant load, as when lifting a weight. Isometric exercise is one method of muscular exercise. In contrast, isotonic ...
Exercise, passive
Movement of the body, usually of the limbs, without effort by the patient. The patient is passive.
SYN: excision. [G. exairesis, a taking out, fr. haireo, to take, grasp]
1. Referring to a chemical reaction that takes place with a negative charge in Gibbs free energy. Cf.:endergonic. 2. Any process that can produce work. [ exo- + G. ergon, work]
The extrusion of rapidly waving flagellum-like microgametes from microgametocytes; in the case of human malaria parasites, this occurs in the blood meal taken by the proper ...
1) To peal off scaly skin spontaneously. The skin exfoliates from the palms and soles in Kawasaki's disease and Reiter's syndrome. 2) To deliberately wear away the top layer of ...
1. Detachment and shedding of superficial cells of an epithelium or from any tissue surface. 2. Scaling or desquamation of the horny layer of epidermis, which varies in ...
Marked by exfoliation, desquamation, or profuse scaling. [Mod. L. exfoliativus]
1. Breathing out. SYN: expiration (1). 2. The giving forth of gas or vapor. 3. Any exhaled or emitted gas or vapor. [L. ex-halo, pp. -halatus, to breathe out]
1. To breathe out. SYN: expire (1). 2. To emit a gas or vapor or odor.
1. Extreme fatigue; inability to respond to stimuli. 2. Removal of contents; using up of a supply of anything. 3. Extraction of the active constituents of a drug by treating ...
Exhaustion, heat
A warning that the body is getting too hot. The person may be thirsty, giddy, weak, uncoordinated, nauseous, and sweating profusely. The body temperature is usually normal and ...
A morbid compulsion to expose a part of the body, especially the genitals, with the intent of provoking sexual interest in the viewer.
One who engages in exhibitionism.
Mentally stimulating. [L. ex-hilaro, pp. -atus, pres. p. -ans, to gladden]
Pertaining to a branch of philosophy, existentialism, concerned with the search for the meaning of one's own existence, that has been extended into e. psychotherapy. [L. ...
An exit or outlet; death. [L. fr. ex-eo, pp. -itus, to go out]
Siegmund, Austrian physiologist, 1846–1926. See Call-E. bodies, under body, E. plexus.
Exterior, external, or outward. SEE ALSO: ecto-. [G. exo, outside]
A hydrolase removing terminal α-1,4-linked d-glucose residues from nonreducing ends of chains, with release of β-d-glucose. SYN: acid maltase, amyloglucosidase, γ-amylase, ...
A glucanohydrolase acting on a glycosidic bond near an end of the polysaccharide; E.G., β-amylase.
SYN: ectoantigen.
SYN: ectocardia.
1. Denoting glandular secretion delivered to an apical or luminal surface. SYN: eccrine (1). 2. Denoting a gland that secretes outwardly through excretory ducts. [ exo- + G. ...
Relating to atoms or groups attached to a cyclic structure but not themselves cyclic; e.g., the methyl group of toluene. Cf.:endocyclic.
1. The appearance of migrating inflammatory cells in the epidermis. 2. The process whereby secretory granules or droplets are released from a cell; the membrane around the ...
1. SYN: exophoria. 2. SYN: exotropia.
The branch of dental practice concerned with the extraction of teeth. [ exo- + G. odous, tooth]
One who specializes in the extraction of teeth.
SYN: extracellular enzyme.
Sexual reproduction by means of conjugation of two gametes of different ancestry, as in certain protozoan species. [ exo- + G. gamos, marriage]
An abnormal embryo in which the primitive gut has been everted.
SYN: exogenous.
In microbial genetics, the fragment of genetic material that has been transferred from a donor to the recipient and, being homologous for a region of the recipient's original ...
Originating or produced outside of the organism. SYN: ectogenous, exogenetic. [ exo- + G. -gen, production]
A modified elevator for the extraction of tooth roots. [ exo- + L. levare, to raise]
1. Protrusion of the umbilicus. SYN: exumbilication (1). 2. SYN: umbilical hernia. 3. SYN: omphalocele. [G. ex, out, + omphalos, umbilicus]
The region of a gene that contains the code for producing protein. Each exon codes for a specific portion of the complete protein. Exons are separated by introns, long regions of ...
exon shuffle
The variation in the patterns by which RNA may produce diverse sets of exons from a single gene.
An enzyme that cleaves nucleotide bases sequentially from the free ends of a nucleic acid (DNA or RNA). * * * A nuclease that releases one nucleotide at a time, serially, ...
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the terminal amino acid of a peptide chain; e.g., carboxypeptidase. Cf.:endopeptidase.
A genus of pathogenic fungi having dematiaceous conidiophores with one- or two-celled annelloconidia. They cause mycetoma or phaeohyphomycosis; in cases of mycetoma, black ...
Tendency of the eyes to deviate outward when fusion is suspended. SYN: exodeviation (1). [ exo- + G. phora, a carrying]
Relating to exophoria.
Relating to exophthalmos; marked by prominence of the eyeball.
An instrument to measure the distance between the anterior pole of the eye and a fixed reference point, often the zygomatic bone. SYN: orthometer, proptometer, statometer. [ ...
Protruding eyeball. A common finding in hyperthyroidism (too much thyroid hormone) of Graves disease.
exophthalmos, exophthalmus
Protrusion of one or both eyeballs; can be congenital and familial, or due to pathology, such as a retroorbital tumor (usually unilateral) or thyroid disease (usually ...
An exterior or external plant parasite. [ exo- + G. phyton, plant]
1. Pertaining to an exophyte. 2. Denoting a neoplasm or lesion that grows outward from an epithelial surface.
SYN: ectoplasm.
Serous exudation from the skin surface, as in eczema or abrasions.
1. Hard parts, such as hair, teeth, nails, feathers, hooves, scales, etc., developed from the epidermis in vertebrates. SYN: dermoskeleton. 2. Outer chitinous envelope of an ...
An exogenous spore, not encased in a sporangium. [ exo- + G. sporos, seed]
The outer envelope of a spore.
Removal of an exostosis. SYN: exostosectomy. [exostosis + G. ektome, excision]
SYN: exostectomy.
To remove from the body. [G. ex, out of, + soma, body]
Movement of substances from the blood into the lumen of the gut. [L. ex, out, + sorbeo, to suck]
: Eversion of a hollow organ at birth. An exstrophic bladder is one that is turned inside out like a rubber glove. In exstrophy of the cloaca (a primitive embryonic structure) ...
To straighten a limb, to diminish or extinguish the angle formed by flexion; to place the distal segment of a limb in such a position that its axis is continuous with that of ...
The process of straitening or the state of being strait. Extension of the hip and knee joints is necessary to stand up from the sitting position. * * * 1. The act of bringing ...
A muscle the contraction of which causes movement at a joint with the consequence that the limb or body assumes a more straight line, or so that the distance between the parts ...
Outside; external. [L.]
1. To direct a patient's interests, thoughts, or feelings into a channel leading outside the self, to some definite aim or object. 2. To expose an organ temporarily for ...
An advanced student or recent graduate who assists in the medical or surgical care of hospital patients; formerly, one who lived outside of the institution. [F. externe, outside, ...
On the outside or farther from the center; often incorrectly used to mean lateral. SYN: externus [TA]. [L. externus]
External ear
There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The external ear looks complicated but it is functionally the simplest part ...
External fixation
A procedure that stabilizes and joins the ends of fractured (broken) bones by a splint or cast. External fixation is as opposed to internal fixation in which the ends of the ...
External jugular vein
The more superficial of the two jugular veins situated on each side of the neck. The other is the internal jugular vein. They drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and ...
SYN: external.
Relating to the exteroceptors; denoting the surface of the body containing the end organs adapted to receive impressions or stimuli from without. [L. exterus, outside, + capio, to ...
One of the peripheral end organs of the afferent nerves in the skin or mucous membrane, which respond to stimulation by external agents. [L. exterus, external, + receptor, ...
1. In behavior modification or classical or operant conditioning, a progressive decrease in the frequency of a response that is not positively reinforced; the withdrawal of ...
1. To abolish; to quench, as a flame; to cause loss of identity; to destroy. 2. In psychology, to progressively abolish a previously conditioned response. See conditioning. [L. ...
Partial or complete removal of an organ or diseased tissue. [L. extirpo, to root out, fr. stirps, a stalk, root]
William G., U.S. physician, 1876–1943. See E. reagent.
1. Conjugate rotation of the upper poles of each cornea outward. SYN: excyclotorsion. 2. Outward rotation of a limb or of an organ. [L. extorsio, fr. ex- torqueo, to twist out] ...
An outward rotator.
Without, outside of. [L.]
Outside of a joint.
Off the axis; applied to intracranial lesions that do not arise from the brain itself.
Outside or not part of the cheek.
Outside of or unrelated to any bulb, such as the bulb of the urethra, or the medulla oblongata.
Outside of a calix.
Outside of the capsule of a joint.
1. Outside of, having no relation to, the carpus. 2. On the outer side of the carpus.
Outside the cells.
Outside or separated from, a chromosome.
Outside of, or unrelated to, the body or any anatomic “corpus.”
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
A technique for shattering a kidney stone or gallstone with a shock wave produced outside the body. To focus on kidney stones here, there are several methods available for ...
Outside the corpuscles, especially the blood corpuscles.
Outside of the cranial cavity.
1. (ek′strakt)A concentrated preparation of a drug obtained by removing the active constituents of the drug with suitable solvents, evaporating all or nearly all of the ...
An agent used to isolate or extract a substance from a mixture or combination of substances, from the tissues, or from a crude drug.
1. Luxation and removal of a tooth from its alveolus. 2. Partitioning of material (solute) into a solvent. 3. The active portion of a drug; the making of an extract. 4. ...
Substances present in vegetable or animal tissue that can be separated by successive treatment with solvents and recovered by evaporation of the solution.
Instrument for use in drawing or pulling out any natural part, as a tooth, or a foreign body. - vacuum e. device for producing traction upon the head of a fetus by means of a ...
Outside of, or unrelated to, the gallbladder or urinary bladder or any cystic tumor.
1. On the outer side of the dura mater. 2. Unconnected with the dura mater.
Outside the embryonic body; e.g., those membranes involved with the embryo's protection and nutrition which are discarded at birth without being incorporated in its body.
Not relating to, or connected with, an epiphysis.
A term meaning "outside the fallopian tube." There are two fallopian tubes in female mammals, including human females. These tubes are also called oviducts. They serve as ...
Outside of, away from, or unrelated to, the genital organs.
Outside of, or unrelated to, the liver.
Outside of, or unconnected with, a ligament.
SYN: lateral malleolus.
Outside of, or unrelated to, any medulla, especially the medulla oblongata.
Outside of the mitochondria.
Outside, not in the substance of, the wall of a part. [ extra- + L. murus, wall]
Outside of the organism and not belonging to it. [L. extraneus]
Located outside, or not involving, a cell nucleus.
Adjacent to but outside the eyeball.
Outside of the oral cavity; external to the oral cavity. In its usual use it also includes anything external to the lips and cheeks.
Outside the egg; existence after hatching from the egg, as in reptiles and birds.
Unconnected with any papillary structure.
Unrelated to the parenchyma of an organ.
Not connected with the perineum.
Not connected with, or unrelated to, the periosteum.
Outside of the peritoneal cavity.
Outside of the domain of physiology; more than physiologic, therefore pathologic.
Unrelated to the placenta.
Outside of, or independent of, the prostate.
Denoting the psychological dynamics that occur in the mind in association with the individual's exchanges with other persons or events. Cf.:intrapsychic.
Outside of, or having no relation to, the lungs.
Other than the pyramidal tract. See e. motor system.
Extrapyramidal side effects
Physical symptoms, including tremor, slurred speech, akathesia, dystonia, anxiety, distress, paranoia, and bradyphrenia, that are primarily associated with improper dosing of ...
Extrapyramidal system
That part of the nervous system that regulates muscle reflexes.
Outside or beyond the ordinary senses; not limited to the senses, as in e. perception.
Outside a serous cavity.
Outside of, or unrelated to, the body.
A nonspecific word for an ectopic beat from any source in the heart. SYN: premature beat, premature systole. - atrial e. premature complex of the heart arising from an ectopic ...
1. Outside, having no relation to, the tarsus. 2. On the outer side of the tarsus.
Outside of the trachea.
Outside of any tube; specifically, not in the auditory ( eustachian) or uterine (fallopian) tubes.
Outside the uterus (the womb). As opposed to intrauterine: inside the uterus. For example, normal pregnancies are intrauterine; extrauterine pregnancies can occur in the ...
Extrauterine pregnancy
A pregnancy that is not in the usual place and is located outside the inner lining of the uterus. A fertilized egg settles and grows in any location other than the inner lining of ...
Outside of the vagina.
To exude from or pass through the walls of a vessel into the surrounding tissues. Blood, lymph, or urine can extravasate. From the Latin "extra" (out of) + "vas" (vessel) = out ...
1. The act of extravasating. 2. SYN: extravasate (2). [ extra- + L. vas, vessel]
Outside of the blood vessel s or lymphatics or of any special blood vessel.
Outside of any ventricle, especially of one of the ventricles of the heart.
SYN: extroversion.
SYN: extrovert.
Outside the field of vision, or beyond the visible spectrum.
Extremely low birth weight baby
A baby born very prematurely weighing between 401 and 1000 grams (about 14 to 35 ounces) at birth. Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) babies are at the lower limits of viability. ...
Relating to an extremity. SEE ALSO: distal.
SYN: extremity. See limb. [L. fr. extremus, last, outermost] - e. acromialis claviculae [TA] SYN: acromial end of clavicle. - e. anterior splenica [TA] SYN: anterior extremity ...
The extremities in medical language are not freezing cold or scorching heat but rather the uttermost parts of the body. The extremities are simply the hands and feet. The use of ...
Originating outside of the part where found or upon which it acts; denoting especially a muscle, such as e. muscles of hand. [L. extrinsecus, from without]
Evagination of the primitive gut material during gastrulation instead of the normal invagination, as the result of some natural or experimental manipulation of the developing ...
1. A turning outward. 2. A trait involving social intercourse, as practiced by an extrovert. Cf.:introversion. SYN: extraversion. [incorrectly formed fr. L. extra, outside, + ...
A gregarious person whose chief interests lie outside the self, and who is socially self-confident and involved in the affairs of others. Cf.:introvert. SYN: extravert.

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