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Слова на букву extr-hemi (2629)

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extrude
To thrust, force, or press out.
extrusion
1. A thrusting or forcing out of a normal position. 2. The overeruption or migration of a tooth beyond its normal occlusal position. - e. of a tooth elongation of a tooth; ...
Extubate
To remove a tube from a hollow organ or passageway, often from the airway. The opposite of extubate is intubate. * * * To remove a tube.
Extubation
The process of removing a tube from a hollow organ or passageway, often from the airway. The opposite of extubation is intubation. * * * Removal of a tube from an organ, ...
exuberant
Denoting excessive proliferation or growth, as of a tissue or granulation. [L. exubero, to abound, be abundant]
Exudate
A fluid rich in protein and cellular elements that oozes out of blood vessels due to inflammation and is deposited in nearby tissues. The altered permeability of blood vessels ...
exudation
1. The act or process of exuding. 2. SYN: exudate.
exudative
Relating to the process of exudation or to an exudate.
Exudative angina
This has nothing whatsoever to do with the usual type of angina (angina pectoris) which is chest pain of cardiac origin. Angina trachealis is more commonly known as croup. This ...
exude
In general, to ooze or pass gradually out of a body structure or tissue; more specifically, restricted to a fluid or semisolid that so passes and may become encrusted or infected, ...
exulcerans
Ulcerating.
exumbilication
1. SYN: exomphalos (1). 2. SYN: umbilical hernia. 3. SYN: omphalocele. [L. ex, out, + umbilicus, navel]
Eye
The organ of sight. The word "eye" come from the Teutonic "auge." The eye has a number of components. These include the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, macula, optic nerve and ...
Eye bank
A place to store corneas (the clear "front window" of the eye) for use in future keratoplasty (surgery to replace the cornea). * * * A place where corneas of eyes removed after ...
Eye bleed
Medically called a subconjunctival hemorrhage. A very common cause of a painless bloody eye usually first noticed by somebody else or by the person with it when they look in the ...
Eye cataract
A clouding of the lens of the eye. The normally clear aspirin-sized lens of the eye starts to become cloudy. The result is much like smearing grease over the lens of a camera. It ...
Eye chart test
This test measures how well you see at various distances. The eye chart itself — the usual one is called Snellen's chart — is imprinted with block letters that line-by-line ...
Eye chart, Snellen's
The familiar eye chart used to measure how well you see at various distances. Snellen's chart is imprinted with block letters that line-by-line decrease in size, corresponding ...
Eye Institute, National (NEI)
1. One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., NEI’s mission is to “conduct and support research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs with ...
Eye pressure test
A standard eye test that determines the fluid pressure inside the eye. The test is called tonometry. Increased pressure within the eye is a possible sign of glaucoma, a common ...
Eye, absent
Also called anophthalmia, a congenital malformation (birth defect) of the globe. Anophthalmia refers, strictly speaking, to absence of the globe and ocular tissue from the ...
Eye, lazy
An eye that diverges in gaze. A lazy eye is more formally called strabismus. A lazy eye (strabismus) can be due to either esotropia (cross-eyed) or exotropia (wall-eyed). The ...
Eye, no
Also called anophthalmia, a congenital malformation (birth defect) of the globe. Anophthalmia refers, strictly speaking, to absence of the globe and ocular tissue from the ...
Eye, small
Also called microphthalmia, an abnormally small eye, a congenital malformation (birth defect) of the globe. The related term " anophthalmia" means no eye and refers to absence ...
eyeball
The eye proper without the appendages. SYN: bulbus oculi [TA], bulb of eye, globe of eye.
eyebrow
The crescentic line of hairs at the superior edge of the orbit. SYN: supercilium.
Eyedrop test
There are many types of eyedrops and many types of eyedrop tests. One of the most common eyedrop tests is pupil dilation. This examination enables your eye care professional to ...
eyeglasses
SYN: spectacles.
eyegrounds
The fundus of the eye as seen with the ophthalmoscope.
Eyelash
: One of the familiar stiff hairs that project from the margin of the eyelid. Eyelashes tend to be noticed mainly when something goes wrong with them. An eyelash gets in your eye ...
eyelid
One of the two movable folds covering the front of the eyeball when closed; formed of a fibrous core (tarsal plate) and the palpebral portions of the orbicularis oculi muscle ...
Eyelids, congenital ptosis of the
Drooping of the upper eyelids at birth. The lids may droop only slightly or they may cover the pupils and restrict or even block vision. Moderate or severe pstrosis calls for ...
eyepiece
The compound lens at the end of the microscope tube nearest the eye; it magnifies the image made by the objective.
Eyes, flashing lights in the
There are a number of causes of spontaneous flashing light sensations in the eye. A sensation of flashing lights can be caused when the vitreous (the clear, jelly-like substance ...
Eyes, glaucoma
Disease (there is more than one type) characterized by increased pressure within the eye. Glaucoma can lead to blindness. Glaucoma is five times more likely to occur in Blacks ...
Eyes, spots in front of the
Also known as "floaters", blurry spots that drift in front of the eyes but do not block vision. The blur is the result of debris from the vitreous casting a shadow on the ...
eyespot
1. A colored spot or plastid ( chromatophore) in a unicellular organism. 2. SYN: ocellus (1).
eyestone
A small smooth shell or other object that is inserted beneath the eyelid for the purpose of removing a foreign body.
eyestrain
SYN: asthenopia.
Eyetooth
: An upper canine tooth (an upper tooth immediately lateral to the second incisor). The eyetooth is indisputably a tooth but it has nothing whatsoever to do with the eye. It was ...
eyewash
A soothing solution used for bathing the eye.
F
1. Symbol for fractional concentration, followed by subscripts indicating location and chemical species; Fahrenheit; farad; fertility; visual field; fluorine; folate; ...
f
Symbol for femto-; respiratory frequency; fugacity; formyl; fumarose form (usually following the symbol for the monosaccharide).
F (coefficient of inbreeding)
F is the symbol for the coefficient of inbreeding, a way of gauging how close two people are genetically to one another. The coefficient of inbreeding, F, is the probability ...
F (symbol)
A much used symbol, F stands for fractional concentration; free energy; Fahrenheit; visual field; fluorine; force; filial generation, followed by subscript numerals indicating ...
F-actin
See under actin.
F.A.A.N.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing.
F.A.C.C.P.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American College of Chest Physicians.
F.A.C.D.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American College of Dentists.
F.A.C.N.M.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American College of Nuclear Medicine.
F.A.C.N.P.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American College of Nuclear Physicians.
F.A.C.O.G.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
F.A.C.P.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American College of Physicians, or of Prosthodontists.
F.A.C.R.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American College of Radiology.
F.A.C.S.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American College of Surgeons.
F.A.C.S.M.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine.
F.C.A.P.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the College of American Pathologists.
F.C.C.P.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the College of Chest Physicians.
F.F.R.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the Faculty of Radiologists (United Kingdom).
F.R.A.C.P.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians.
F.R.C.P.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (of England). Abbreviation for Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (Canada). Abbreviation for Fellow of the Royal ...
F.R.C.S.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (of England). Abbreviation for Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Canada). Abbreviation for Fellow of the Royal ...
F.R.S.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the Royal Society.
F.R.S.C.
Abbreviation for Fellow of the Royal Society (Canada).
FAB
Abbreviation for French-American-British (classification of acute leukemias). See F. classification.
Fab
See F. fragment.
fabella
A sesamoid bone in the tendon of the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle. [Mod. L. dim. of faba, bean]
Faber
Knud H., Danish physician, 1862–1956. See F. anemia, F. syndrome.
fabism
SYN: favism. [L. faba, bean]
fabrication
Telling false tales as true; e.g., the malingering of symptoms or illness or feigning an incorrect response or calculation during a psychological or mental status examination.
Fabricius, Fabrizzi
Girolamo (Hieronymus ab Aquapendente), Italian anatomist and embryologist, 1537–1619. See bursa fabricii, F. ship.
Fabry
Johannes, German dermatologist, 1860–1930. See F. disease.
Fabry disease
A genetic disease due to deficiency of an enzyme called alpha-galactosidase A. This enzyme is essential to the metabolism of molecules known as glycosphingolipids. Without the ...
face
1. The front portion of the head; the visage including eyes, nose, mouth, forehead, cheeks, and chin; excludes ears. SYN: facies (1) [TA]. 2. SYN: surface. - bird f. SYN: ...
Face, masklike
An expressionless face with little or no sense of animation, a face more like a mask than a normal face. A masklike face is seen in a number of disorders including Parkinson's ...
face-bow
A caliper-like device used to record the relationship of the jaws to the temporomandibular joints; the record may then be used to orient a cast or model of the maxilla to the ...
face-lift
SYN: rhytidectomy.
Facelift operation
A surgical procedure to make the face appear younger. Recovery time is usually one week. Results last approximately ten years. Additional procedures to supplement the ...
Facelift surgery risks
Although infrequent, the risks and complications of facelift surgery include: bleeding, hematoma, bruising; infection; neurological dysfunction (loss of muscle function or ...
facet, facette
1. A small smooth area on a bone or other firm structure. 2. A worn spot on a tooth, produced by chewing or grinding. [Fr. facette] - acromial f. of clavicle [TA] a small oval ...
facetectomy
Excision of a facet. [facet + G. ektome, excision]
facial
Relating to the face. SYN: facialis.
Facial canal introitus
In anatomy, an introitus is an entrance, one that goes into a canal or hollow organ. The introitus of the facial canal is the entrance to the facial canal, a passage in the ...
Facial nerve
The facial nerve is the seventh cranial nerve. It is a mixed nerve that has fibers both going out and coming in (both efferent and afferent fibers). It supplies the muscles of ...
Facial nerve paralysis
Loss of voluntary movement of the muscles on one side of the face due to abnormal function of the facial nerve (also known as the 7th cranial nerve) which supplies those muscles. ...
facialis
SYN: facial, facial. [L.]
Facies
A direct borrowing from the Latin, facies means face. * * * 1. [TA] SYN: face (1). 2. [NA] SYN: surface. 3. SYN: expression (2). [L.] - acromial articular f. of clavicle ...
facilitation
Enhancement or reinforcement of a reflex or other nervous activity by the arrival at the reflex center of other excitatory impulses. [L. facilitas, fr. facilis, easy] - ...
facing
A tooth-colored material (usually plastic or porcelain) used to hide the buccal or labial surface of a metal crown to give the outward appearance of a natural tooth.
facio-
The face. SEE ALSO: prosopo-. [L. facies]
Faciodigitogenital dysplasia
This disorder is characterized by multiple birth defects involving the face, fingers and genitalia. Features include wide spaced eyes (ocular hypertelorism), front-facing ...
faciolingual
Relating to the face and the tongue, often denoting a paralysis affecting these parts.
facioplasty
Plastic surgery involving the face. [ facio- + G. plastos, formed]
facioplegia
SYN: facial paralysis. [ facio- + G. plege, a stroke]
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
: A form of muscular dystrophy that typically begins before age 20 with slowly progressive weakness of the muscles of the face, shoulders, and feet. The severity of the disease is ...
FACS
Abbreviation for fluorescence-activated cell sorter.
factitious
Artificial; self-induced; not naturally occurring. [L. factitius, made by art, fr. facio, to make]
factor
1. One of the contributing causes in any action. 2. One of the components that by multiplication makes up a number or expression. 3. SYN: gene. 4. A vitamin or other essential ...
Factor VIII
Factor eight, a key factor in the process of blood coagulation (clotting). Lack of normal factor VIII causes hemophilia (hemophilia A). The gene for classic hemophilia was long ...
Factor X
A coagulation factor, a substance in blood essential to the normal clotting process. Production of factor X takes place in the liver and requires vitamin K. The gene for factor X ...
Factor, colony-stimulating
A laboratory-made agent similar to a normally existing substance in the body that stimulates the production of blood cells. The colony-stimulating factors (CSFs) include ...
Factor, rheumatoid
Rheumatoid factor is an antibody that is measurable in the blood. It is commonly used as a blood test for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid factor is present in ...
factorial
1. Pertaining to a statistical factor or factors. 2. Of an integer, that integer multiplied by each smaller integer in succession down to one; e.g., 5! equals 5 × 4 × 3 × 2 × ...
facultative
Able to live under more than one specific set of environmental conditions; possessing an alternative pathway.
faculty
A natural or specialized power of a living organism.
FAD
Abbreviation for flavin adenine dinucleotide.
FAE (fetal alcohol effects)
A softer diagnosis than fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). The diagnosis of possible FAE is considered when: 1. The person has some signs of FAS; 2. The person does not meet all of ...
Faget
Jean C., French physician, 1818–1884. See F. sign.
Fahr
Theodore, German physician, 1877–1945. See F. disease.
Fahr syndrome
This syndrome described in 1930 by T. Fahr is a genetic (inherited) neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in certain of areas of the brain ...
Fahraeus
Robert ( Robin) Sanno, Swedish pathologist, 1888–1968. See F.- Lindqvist effect.
Fahrenheit
Thermometer scale in which the freezing point of water is 32°F and the boiling point of water 212°F. The Fahrenheit scale is still obstinately in use in the US. This ...
failure
The state of insufficiency or nonperformance. - backward heart f. a concept (formerly considered mutually exclusive with forward heart f.) that maintains that the phenomena of ...
Failure to thrive (FTT)
Refers to a child whose physical growth is significantly less than that of peers. There is no official consensus on what constitutes failure to thrive (FTT). It usually refers to ...
Failure, adrenal
A condition in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the adrenal hormones that control important functions such as blood pressure. The adrenal glands sit on top of the ...
Failure, heart
Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically, failure of the heart to pump blood with normal efficiency. When this occurs, the heart is unable to ...
faint
1. Extremely weak; threatened with syncope. 2. An episode of syncope. SEE ALSO: syncope. [M.E., fr. O. Fr. feindre, to feign]
falcate
SYN: falciform.
falces
Plural of falx.
falcial
Relating to the falx cerebelli or falx cerebri. SYN: falcine.
falciform
Having a crescentic or sickle shape. SYN: falcate. [L. falx, sickle, + forma, form]
falcine
SYN: falcial.
Falciparum malaria
The most dangerous type of malaria. Persons carrying the sickle cell gene have some protection against malaria. Persons with a gene for hemoglobin C (another abnormal hemoglobin ...
falcula
SYN: falx cerebelli. [L. dim. of falx]
falcular
1. Resembling a sickle or falx. 2. Relating to the falx cerebelli or cerebri.
FALDH deficiency
Also known as the Sjogren-Larsson syndrome, this is a genetic (inherited) disease usually characterized by a triad of clinical findings consisting of ichthyosis (thickened ...
fallopian
Described by or attributed to Fallopius.
Fallopian tube
One of the two Fallopian tubes that transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus (the womb). In the diagram, the Fallopian tubes are not labeled but are well shown running ...
Fallopio
See Fallopius.
Fallopius, Fallopio
Gabriele, Italian anatomist, 1523–1562. See fallopian aqueduct, fallopian arch, fallopian canal, fallopian hiatus, fallopian ligament, fallopian neuritis, fallopian ...
Fallot
Étienne-Louis A., French physician, 1850–1911. See pentalogy of F., F. tetrad, F. triad, trilogy of F..
False labor
Intermittent non-productive muscular contractions of the womb (uterus) during pregnancy, most commonly in the last two months before full term. These contractions are ...
False negative
A result that appears negative but fails to reveal a situation. An example of a false negative: a particular test designed to detect cancer of the toenail is negative but the ...
False positive
A result that is erroneously positive when a situation is normal. An example of a false positive: a particular test designed to detect cancer of the toenail is positive but the ...
False rib
One of the last 5 pairs of ribs. A rib is said to be "false" if it does not attach to the sternum (the breast bone). All 12 pairs of ribs attach to the building blocks of the ...
falsetto
Descriptive of phonation at an unnaturally high frequency. [It., fr. falso, false, + -etto, dim. suffix]
falsification
The deliberate act of misrepresentation so as to deceive. See Munchausen syndrome. [L. falsus, false, + facio, to make] - retrospective f. unconscious distortion of past ...
falx
A sickle-shaped structure. [L. sickle] - f. aponeurotica SYN: inguinal f.. - cerebellar f. f. cerebelli. - f. cerebelli [TA] a short process of dura mater projecting forward from ...
familial
Affecting more members of the same family than can be accounted for by chance, usually within a single sibship; commonly but incorrectly used to mean genetic. [L. familia, ...
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
A syndrome characterized by the formation of thousands of polyps in the colon and rectum with colorectal cancer the inevitable consequence. Polyps can also occur in the stomach, ...
Familial advanced sleep-phase syndrome (FASPS)
An inherited abnormal sleep pattern in which the individual is a "morning lark" and consistently goes to sleep very early and is very early to rise. The individual's blood ...
Familial breast cancer
A number of factors have been identified that increase the risk of breast cancer. One of the strongest of these risk factors is the history of breast cancer in a relative. ...
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
A genetic disorder of the heart characterized by increased growth (hypertrophy) in thickness of the wall of the left ventricle, the largest of the four chambers of the heart. ...
Familial juvenile nephronophthisis (FJN)
A childhood genetic kidney disease in which there is progressive symmetrical destruction of the kidneys involving both the tubules and glomeruli, characteristically resulting in ...
familial neuroviscerolipidosis
SYN: infantile, generalized GM1 gangliosidosis.
Familial polyposis
: An inherited condition in which several hundred polyps develop in the colon and rectum.
Family
(1) A group of individuals related by blood or marriage or by a feeling of closeness. (2) A biological classification of related plants or animals that is a division below the ...
Family history
The family structure and relationships within the family, including information about diseases in family members. The family history is often recorded in a family pedigree ...
Family physician
A physician who is educated and trained in family practice. "Family physicians possess unique attitudes, skills, and knowledge which qualify them to provide continuing and ...
Family planning, natural
Also known as fertility awareness, periodic abstinence and the rhythm method, this approach entails not having sexual intercourse on the days of a woman's menstrual cycle ...
Family, gene
A group of genes related in structure and often in function. The genes belonging to a gene family are descended from an ancestral gene. For example, the hemoglobin genes of ...
famotidine
A histamine H2 antagonist used in the treatment of duodenal ulcers to reduce hydrochloric acid secretion.
famotine hydrochloride
An antiviral agent.
Fañanás
J., Spanish physician. See F. cell.
Fanconi
Guido, Swiss pediatrician, 1892–1979. See F. anemia, F. pancytopenia, F. syndrome.
Fanconi anemia
A genetic (inherited) disease that adversely affects all of the bone marrow elements and is closely associated with malformations of the heart, kidney and limbs (arms and legs) as ...
Fanconi pancytopenia
A genetic (inherited) disease that adversely affects all of the bone marrow elements and is closely associated with malformations of the heart, kidney and limbs (arms and legs) as ...
fang
1. A long tooth or tusk, usually a canine. 2. The hollow tooth of a snake through which the venom is ejected. [A.S. fohan, to seize]
fango
Mud from the Battaglio thermal springs in Italy, applied externally in the treatment of rheumatism and other diseases of the joints and muscles. [It. mud]
Fannia
A genus of flies of the family Muscidae. Species include F. canicularis (the lesser housefly), commonly observed in kitchens or near food, which resembles Musca domestica (the ...
fantasy
Imagery that is more or less coherent, as in dreams and daydreams, yet unrestricted by reality. SYN: phantasia. [G. phantasia, idea, image]
FAO deficiency
Also known as the Sjogren-Larsson syndrome, this is a genetic (inherited) disease usually characterized by a triad of clinical findings consisting of ichthyosis (thickened ...
FAP
Abbreviation for familial adenomatous polyposis.
Farabeuf
Louis H., French surgeon, 1841–1910. See F. amputation, F. triangle.
farad
A practical unit of electrical capacity; the capacity of a condenser having a charge of 1 coulomb under an electromotive force of 1 V. [M. Faraday]
Faraday
Michael, English physicist and chemist, 1791–1867. See farad, f., F. constant, F. laws, under law.
faraday
96,485.309 coulombs per mole, the amount of electricity required to reduce one equivalent of a monovalent ion. [M. F.]
faradism
Faradic ( induction) electricity. - surging f. a current of gradually increasing and decreasing amplitude obtained by interposing a rhythmic resistance to the alternating current ...
faradization
Therapeutic application of the faradic (induced) electrical current.
faradocontractility
Contractility of muscles under the stimulus of a faradic (induced) electric current.
faradomuscular
Denoting the effect of applying a faradic (induced) electric current directly to a muscle.
faradopalpation
Esthesiometry by means of a sharp-pointed electrode through which a feeble alternating current passes to an indifferent electrode.
faradotherapy
Treatment of disease or paralysis by means of faradic (induced) electric current.
Farber
Sidney, U.S. pediatric pathologist, 1903–1973. See F. disease, F. syndrome.
farcy
1. A lymphatic disease of cattle caused by Nocardia farcinica. 2. The skin form of glanders. [L. farcio, to stuff]
fardel
The total measurable penalty that is incurred as a result of the occurrence of a genetic disease in one individual; one of two major quantitative considerations in the ...
farfara
The dried leaves of Tussilago f. (family Compositae); a demulcent. [L. farfarus, coltsfoot]
farina
Flour or meal, as prepared from cereal grains such as Avena sativa (oats) or Triticum sativum (wheat); used as a starchy food. [L.] - f. avenae (fa-re′na a-ve-na) oatmeal ...
farinaceous
1. Relating to farina or flour. 2. Starchy.
farnesene alcohol
SYN: farnesol.
farnesol
A difarnesyl group that occurs in the side chain of vitamin K2 and constitutes squalene; found in oil of citronella; a sesquiterpene alcohol. SYN: farnesene alcohol.
farnesyl pyrophosphate
The pyrophosphoryl derivative of farnesol; a key intermediate in the synthesis of steroids, dolichol, ubiquinone, prenylated proteins, and heme a.
farnoquinone
SYN: menaquinone-6.
Farnsworth
Dean, U.S. naval officer, 1902–1959. See F.- Munsell color test.
Farr
William, English medical statistician, 1807–1883. See F. laws, under law.
Farrant mounting fluid
See under fluid.
Farre
Arthur, English obstetrician and gynecologist, 1811–1887. See F. line.
Farsightedness
Medically termed hyperopia; the ability to see distant objects more clearly than close objects. Farsightedness (hyperopia) may be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. * * ...
Fart
This is not an accepted medical word for passing gas. Excess gas in the intestinal is medically termed " flatulence." (But what is excess gas is difficult to define since ...
Fas
A receptor present in cells that binds with F. ligand to induce apoptosis. SEE ALSO: F. ligand.
FAS (fetal alcohol syndrome)
The sum total of the damage done to the child before birth as a result of the mother drinking alcohol during pregnancy. FAS always involves brain damage, impaired growth, and head ...
FAS (fetal alcohol syndrome) diagnosis
To establish the diagnosis of FAS, the following signs must be present: 1. Small size and weight before and after birth (pre- and postnatal growth retardation); 2. Brain ...
Fascia
A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates different layers of tissue. Fascia encloses muscles. Inflammation of the fascia is referred to as ...
fascial
Relating to any fascia.
fascicle
A band or bundle of fibers, usually of muscle or nerve fibers; a nerve fiber tract. SYN: fasciculus (1) [TA]. - anterior f. of palatopharyngeus (muscle) [TA] thicker portion of ...
fascicular
Relating to a fasciculus; arranged in the form of a bundle or collection of rods. SYN: fasciculate, fasciculated.
fasciculation
1. An arrangement in the form of fasciculi. 2. Involuntary contractions, or twitchings, of groups ( fasciculi) of muscle fibers, a coarser form of muscular contraction than ...
fasciculi
Plural of fasciculus.
fasciculus
1. SYN: fascicle. 2. SYN: cord. 3. SYN: bundle. [L. dim. of fascis, bundle] - f. anterior musculi palatopharyngei [TA] SYN: anterior fascicle of palatopharyngeus ...
fasciectomy
Excision of strips of fascia. [fascia + G. ektome, excision]
Fasciitis
Inflammation of the fascia (a lining tissue under the skin that covers a surface of underlying tissues). * * * 1. Inflammation in fascia. 2. Reactive proliferation of fibroblasts ...
Fasciitis, eosinophilic (Shulman syndrome)
A disease which leads to inflammation and thickening of the skin and fascia. (The fascia is a lining tissue under the skin that covers a surface of underlying tissues. When the ...
Fasciitis, plantar
Inflammation of the plantar fascia (fasciitis), the "bowstring-like" tissue stretching from the heel underneath the sole. Plantar fasciitis is often due to a bony spur ...
fascio-
A fascia. [L. fascia, a band or fillet]
fasciodesis
Surgical attachment of a fascia to another fascia or a tendon. [ fascio- + G. desis, a binding together]
Fasciola
A genus of large, leaf-shaped, digenetic liver flukes (family Fasciolidae, class Trematoda) of mammals. [L. dim. of fascia, a band] - F. gigantica a species, resembling F. ...
fasciola
A small band or group of fibers. [L. dim. of fascia, band, fillet] - f. cinerea SYN: fasciolar gyrus.
fasciolar
Relating to the gyrus fasciolaris.
fascioliasis
Infection with a species of Fasciola.
fasciolid
A member of the family Fasciolidae.
fasciolopsiasis
Parasitization by any of the flukes of the genus Fasciolopsis.
Fasciolopsis
A genus of very large intestinal fasciolid flukes. [Fasciola + G. opsis, form, appearance] - F. buski the large intestinal fluke, a species found in the intestine of humans in ...
fasciorrhaphy
Suture of a fascia or aponeurosis. SYN: aponeurorrhaphy. [ fascio- + G. rhaphe, suture]
fasciotomy
Incision through a fascia; used in the treatment of certain disorders and injuries when marked swelling is present or anticipated which could compromise blood flow; f. may be ...
fascitis
SYN: fasciitis.
fast
1. Durable; resistant to change; applied to stained microorganisms which cannot be decolorized. SEE ALSO: acid-f.. 2. Not eating. [A.S. foest, firm, fixed]
fast green FCF
An acid arylmethane dye widely used in histology and cytology and less subject to fading than light green FCF which it has replaced in many procedures; used as a quantitative ...
fastidious
In bacteriology, having complex nutritional requirements.
fastigatum
SYN: fastigial nucleus. [L. fastigatus, pointed]
fastigium
1. [TA] Apex of the roof of the fourth ventricle of the brain, an angle formed by the anterior and posterior medullary vela extending into the substance of the vermis. 2. The ...
fastness
The state of tolerance exhibited by bacteria to a drug or other agent. See fast.
Fat
The word "fat" has more meanings that it has letters. It is among other things: {{}}A nutrient: With proteins and carbohydrates, fat, also known as lipid, is one of the three ...
Fat cell
A cell containing fat. Also called an adipocyte. A fat cell, or adipocyte, is a connective tissue cell that has differentiated and become specialized in the synthesis ...
Fat requirements, infant
Fat in human milk provides 30%-35% of the total daily caloric needs for a growing infant. Manufacturers of infant formulas utilize many different vegetable oils for fat including ...
Fat, trans
An unhealthy substance, also known as trans fatty acid, made through the chemical process of hydrogenation of oils. Hydrogenation solidifies liquid oils and increases the ...
fat-pad
An accumulation of somewhat encapsulated adipose tissue. SYN: corpus adiposum [TA], fat body. - Bichat fat-pad SYN: buccal fat-pad. - buccal fat-pad an encapsuled mass of fat ...
fatal
Pertaining to or causing death; denoting especially inevitability or inescapability of death. [L. fatalis, of or belonging to fate]
fatality
1. A condition, disease, or disaster ending in death. 2. An individual instance of death.
fate
The ultimate outcome. - prospective f. the normal development by any part of the egg or embryo without interference.
Father
(1) The male parent. (2) One who originates. For example, "Wilhelm Roentgen is considered the father of radiology." (3) To produce offspring as a male. (4) To provide paternal ...
fatigability
A condition in which fatigue is easily induced.
fatigable
Tiring on very slight exertion. [L. fatigabilis, easily tired, fr. fatigo, to tire]
Fatigue
A state characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment, usually accompanied by a feeling of weariness and tiredness. "Fatigue" is a ...
Fats
Plural of the word "fat" which has more meanings that it has letters. It is among other things: {{}}A nutrient: With proteins and carbohydrates, fat, also known as lipid, is one ...
fatty
Oily or greasy; relating in any sense to fat.
Fatty acid
One of many molecules that are long chains of lipid-carboxylic acid found in fats and oils and in cell membranes as a component of phospholipids and glycolipids. (Carboxylic acid ...
Fatty acid, trans
: An unhealthy substance, also known as trans fat, made through the chemical process of hydrogenation of oils. Hydrogenation solidifies liquid oils and increases the shelf ...
Fatty acids
Molecules that are long chains of lipid-carboxylic acid found in fats and oils and in cell membranes as a component of phospholipids and glycolipids. (Carboxylic acid is an ...
Fatty acids,omega-3
A class of fatty acids found in fish oils, especially from salmon and other cold-water fish, that acts to lower the levels of cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoproteins) in ...
Fatty alcohol: NAD+ oxidoreductase deficiency
Clinically known as the Sjogren-Larsson syndrome, this is a genetic (inherited) disease usually characterized by a triad of findings consisting of ichthyosis (thickened ...
Fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase deficiency
Also known as the Sjogren-Larsson syndrome, this is a genetic (inherited) disease usually characterized by a triad of clinical findings consisting of ichthyosis (thickened ...
Fatty liver of pregnancy, acute
Liver failure in late pregnancy, usually from unknown cause. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) typically occurs in first-time pregnancies in the last trimester. AFLP causes ...
Fauces
The throat. The word fauces is the plural of the Latin faux meaning a small passage. * * * The space between the cavity of the mouth and the pharynx, bounded by the soft palate ...
faucial
Relating to the fauces.
fauna
The animal forms of a continent, district, locality, or habitat. [Mod. L. application of F., sister of Faunus, a rural deity]
Fava bean
The broad bean to which many people react adversely with an acute hemolytic anemia with sudden breakup of red blood cells (see Favism). Fava beans look like large tan lima ...
faveolate
Pitted.
faveolus
A small pit or depression. [Mod. L. dim. of favus, honeycomb]
favic chandeliers
Specialized fungal hyphae that are curved, branched, and antlerlike in appearance, formed by the pathogens Trichophyton schoenleinii and T. concentricum.
favid
An allergic reaction in the skin observed in patients who have favus.
Favism
A condition characterized by hemolytic anemia (breakup of red blood cells) after eating fava beans (Vicia fava) or being exposed to the pollen of the fava plant. This dangerous ...
Favre
Maurice J., French physician, 1876–1954. See Gamna-F. bodies, under body, Nicolas-F. disease. Maurice Jules, French physician, 1876–1954. See Goldmann-F. syndrome. SEE ALSO: ...
Favre dystrophy
See under dystrophy.
favus
A severe, unremitting type of chronic ringworm of the scalp and nails, with scarring and formation of crusts called scutula, caused by three dissimilar dermatophytes, ...
Fc
See F. fragment.
Fd
Abbreviation for ferredoxin.
FDA
The FDA is the Food and Drug Administration, an agency within the U.S. Public Health Service, which is a part of the Department of Health and Human Services. Background: The ...
FDA recalls
The recall of a defective or possibly harmful product by the US Food & Drug Administration (the FDA). These recalls are often highly publicized in newspapers and on radio and TV ...
FDNB
Abbreviation for fluoro- 2,4-dinitrobenzene.
FDP
Abbreviation for fibrin/fibrinogen degradation products, under product.
Fe
Symbol for iron. [L. ferrum, iron]
fear
Apprehension; dread; alarm; by having an identifiable stimulus, f. is differentiated from anxiety which has no easily identifiable stimulus. [A.S. faer]
Fear of age
An abnormal and persistent fear of growing old is termed gerascophobia. Sufferers of gerascophobia feel undue anxiety about aging even though they may be in good health — ...
Fear of animals
An abnormal and persistent fear of animals termed " zoophobia. A phobia is an unreasonable fear that can cause avoidance and panic. Phobias are a relatively common type of anxiety ...

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