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Gerhardt
Carl A.C.J., German physician, 1833–1902. See G. reaction, G. test for acetoacetic acid, G.- Mitchell disease. Charles F., French chemist, 1816–1856. See G. test for ...
geriatric
Relating to old age or to geriatrics.
Geriatric medicine
The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease in older people and the problems specific to aging. Also called geriatrics. From the ...
Geriatrics
The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease in older people and the problems specific to aging. From the Greek "geron" meaning "old ...
Gerlach
Joseph, German anatomist, 1820–1896. See G. annular tendon, G. tonsil, valve of vermiform appendix, G. valvula.
Gerlier
Felix, Swiss physician, 1840–1914. See G. disease.
germ
1. A microbe; a microorganism. 2. A primordium; the earliest trace of a structure within an embryo. [L. germen, sprout, bud, g.] - dental g. SYN: tooth g.. - enamel g. the ...
Germ cell
The eggs and sperm are the germ cells: the reproductive cells. Each mature germ cell is haploid in that it has a single set of 23 chromosomes containing half the usual amount of ...
Germ line
1. The sequence of cells which develop into eggs and sperm. 2. Inherited material that comes from the eggs or sperm and is passed on to offspring.
German measles (historical note)
In 1941 N. M. Gregg, an Australian ophthalmologist, recognized that infection of the mother with German measles (rubella) during early pregnancy could malform an embryo and cause ...
German measles immunization
The standard MMR vaccine is given to prevent measles, mumps and rubella (German measles). The MMR vaccine is now given in two dosages. The first should be given at 12-15 ...
Germanium
A nonessential trace element that has caused nephrotoxicity (kidney injury) and death when used chronically by humans, even at recommended levels of use. The U.S. Food & Drug ...
germicidal
SYN: germicide (1).
germicide
1. Destructive to germs or microbes. SYN: germicidal. 2. An agent with this action. [germ + L. caedo, to kill]
germinal
Relating to a germ or, in botany, to germination.
germine
An alkaloid that occurs in Veratrum and Zygandenus species. The drug, like veratrine and veratridine, induces repetitive discharges in nerve cells, seemingly because of ...
germinoma
A neoplasm of the germinal tissue of gonads, mediastinum, or pineal region such as seminoma. [L. germen, bud, + -oma, tumor]
Germline mutation
A heritable change in the DNA that occurred in a germ cell (a cell destined to become an egg or in the sperm) or the zygote (the conceptus) at the single-cell stage. When ...
gero-, geront-, geronto-
Old age. SEE ALSO: presby-. [G. geron, old man]
geroderma
1. The atrophic skin of the aged. 2. Any condition in which the skin is thinned and wrinkled, resembling the integument of old age. [gero- + G. derma, skin]
gerodontics, gerodontology
SYN: dental geriatrics. [gero- + G. odous, tooth]
geromarasmus
SYN: senile atrophy. [gero- + G. marasmos, a wasting]
gerontal
Relating to old age.
gerontine
SYN: spermine.
geronto-
See gero-.
gerontologist
One who specializes in gerontology.
gerontology
The scientific study of the process and problems of aging. SYN: geratology. [ geronto- + G. logos, study]
gerontophilia
Morbid love for old persons. [ geronto- + G. philos, fond]
gerontophobia
Morbid fear of old persons. [ geronto- + G. phobos, fear]
gerontotherapeutics
The science concerned with treatment of the aged.
gerontotherapy
Treatment of disease in the aged. SYN: geriatric therapy.
gerontoxon
SYN: arcus senilis. [ geronto- + G. toxon, bow]
Gerota
Dimitru, Roumanian anatomist and surgeon, 1867–1939. See G. capsule, G. fascia, G. method.
Gersh
Isidore, U.S. histologist, *1907. See Altmann-G. method.
Gerstmann
Josef, Austrian neurologist, 1887–1969. See G. syndrome, G.-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome.
Gesell Developmental Schedules
A measure of child development devised by the American child psychologist and pediatrician Arnold Gesell (1880-1961) whyo founded the Clinic of Child Development at Yale in 1911 ...
gestagen
Inclusive term used to denote any one of several gestagenic substances, which are usually steroid hormones. SYN: gestin, progestin (3).
gestagenic
Inducing progestational effects in the uterus.
gestalt
A perceived entity so integrated as to constitute a functional unit with properties not derivable from its parts. See gestaltism. [Ger. shape]
Gestalt therapy
An older psychotherapeutic concept that stresses understanding mental processes as holistic entities (gestalts) rather than discrete steps. Gestalt therapy often uses group ...
gestaltism
The theory in psychology that the objects of mind come as complete forms or configurations which cannot be split into parts; e.g., a square is perceived as such rather than as ...
Gestation
Period of time from conception to birth. * * * SYN: pregnancy. [L. gestatio, from gesto, pp. gestatus, to bear]
Gestation period
The period of development of the young from the time of conception until birth. For humans the full gestation period is normally 9 months. The word "gestation" comes from the ...
gestin
SYN: gestagen.
gestosis
Any disorder of pregnancy. [L. gesto, to carry, to bear, + G. -osis, condition]
gesture
1. Any movement expressive of an idea, opinion, or emotion. 2. An act. [L. gestus, movement, g.] - suicide g. an apparent attempt at suicide by someone wishing to attract ...
Gesundheit
Interjection used to wish "good health," especially to someone who has sneezed. In this situation, Gesundheit is roughly equivalent to "God bless you." In German "Gesundheit" ...
Gey
George O., U.S. physician and researcher, 1899–1970. See G. solution.
GFR
Abbreviation for glomerular filtration rate.
GH
Abbreviation for growth hormone.
GHB
Abbreviation for γ-hydroxybutyrate.
ghee
A clarified butter in India made from cow or buffalo milk that has been coagulated before churning; used as an emollient, a dressing for wounds, and a food. [Eng. spelling of ...
Ghon
Anton, Czechoslovakian pathologist, 1866–1936. See G. complex, G. focus, G. primary lesion, G. tubercle.
ghost
A hemoglobin-depleted erythrocyte that has also lost most, if not all, of its internal proteins.
GHRF, GH-RF
Abbreviation for growth hormone-releasing factor.
GHRH, GH-RH
Abbreviation for growth hormone-releasing hormone.
GHz
Abbreviation for gigahertz, equal to one billion (109) hertz; used in ultrasound.
GI
Gastrointestinal, referring collectively to the stomach and small and large intestines. Outside of medicine, GI can also stand for galvanized iron, general issue or government ...
Giacomini
Carlo, Italian anatomist, 1841–1898. See band of G., frenulum of G., uncus band of G..
Giannuzzi
Italian anatomist, 1839–1876. See G. crescents, under crescent, G. demilunes, under demilune.
Gianotti
F., 20th century Italian dermatologist. See G.- Crosti syndrome.
Giant cell arteritis
A serious disease characterized by inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels (vasculitis). The vessels affected by the inflammation are the arteries (hence the name ...
Giant cell tumor of bone
A tumor of bone characterized by massive destruction of the end (epiphysis) of a long bone. The site most commonly struck by this tumor is the knee — the far end of the femur ...
Giant platelet syndrome (Bernard-Soulier syndrome)
This condition is a primary problem of platelets in which the platelets lack the ability to stick adequately to injured blood vessel walls and as a result of this problem there is ...
giantism
SYN: gigantism.
Giardia
A genus of parasitic flagellates that parasitize the small intestine of many mammals, including most domestic animals and humans; e.g., G. bovis in cattle, G. canis in dogs, and ...
giardiasis
Infection with the protozoan parasite Giardia; Giardia lamblia may cause diarrhea, dyspepsia, and occasionally malabsorption in humans. SYN: lambliasis.
gibberellic acid
An auxin, i.e., a plant hormone which stimulates growth; most prominent of the plant-growth-promoting metabolites of Gibberella fujikuroi. Used as a plant growth regulator and ...
gibberellins
A class of plant growth hormones (auxins) of which over 60 are known; these were first isolated in 1938 from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, the fungus causing Bakanese disease ...
gibbon
A genus of anthropoid apes, Hylobates, of the superfamily Hominoidea. [Fr.]
gibbous
Humped; humpbacked; denoting a sharp angle in the flexion of the spine. [L. gibbosus]
Gibbs
Josiah W., U.S. mathematician and physicist, 1839–1903. See G.- Donnan equilibrium, G.-Helmholtz equation, Helmholtz-G. theory, G. theorem, G. free energy, G. energy of ...
gibbus
Extreme kyphosis, hump, or hunch; a deformity of spine in which there is a sharply angulated segment, the apex of the angle being posterior. [L. a hump]
Gibney
Virgil P., U.S. orthopedist, 1847–1927. See G. fixation bandage, G. boot.
Gibson
George A., Scottish physician, 1854–1913. See G. murmur. Kasson C., U.S. dentist, 1849–1925. See G. bandage.
Giemsa
Gustav, German bacteriologist, 1867–1948. See G. stain, G. chromosome banding stain.
Gierke
Edgar von, German pathologist, 1877–1945. See G. disease, von G. disease. Hans P.B., German anatomist, 1847–1886. See G. respiratory bundle.
Gifford
Harold, U.S. ophthalmologist, 1858–1929. See G. reflex.
GIFT
A technique in which the male and female cells required to begin reproduction are injected into the fallopian tubes of the female for fertilization. This technique is one of the ...
giga-
Prefix used in the SI and metric system to signify multiples of one billion (109). [G. gigas, giant]
Gigantism
Gigantism refers to excessive growth both in height and specific body parts. Gigantism with extreme growth in height may be associated with disorders of the pituitary gland, ...
Gigantism, eunuchoid
Extremely tall stature due to the delayed onset of puberty which permits the continued growth of the long bones before their growing ends (epiphyses) fuse and growth stops.
Gigantism, focal
Excessive growth of specific body parts such as an arm, the tongue, or a combination of specific body parts as is seen in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome or acromegaly. This type of ...
Gigantism, pituitary
Excessive growth and height due to chronic overactivity of the pituitary gland (at the base of the brain). (Growth hormone is specifically made by the anterior pituitary gland.) ...
giganto-
Huge, gigantic. [G. gigas, one of the race of giants]
gigantomastia
Massive hypertrophy of the breast. [ giganto- + G. mastos, breast]
Gigantorhynchus
A genus of very large acanthocephalan worms. SEE ALSO: Macracanthorhynchus, Moniliformis. [ giganto- + G. rhynchos, snout]
Gigli
Leonardo, Italian gynecologist, 1863–1908. See G. saw.
GIH
Abbreviation for growth hormone-inhibiting hormone.
Gil-Vernet
Jose Maria Vila, Spanish urologist, *1922. See Gil- Vernet operation.
Gila monster
A large poisonous lizard, Heloderma suspectum of New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico. [Gila, a river in Arizona]
Gilbert
Nicholas A., French physician, 1858–1927. See G. disease, G. syndrome. Walter, U.S. microbiologist and Nobel laureate, *1932. See Maxim-G. sequencing.
gilbert
The unit of magnetomotive force or magnetic potential. [W. G., English physicist, 1544–1603]
Gilbert syndrome
A common but harmless genetic condition in which a liver enzyme essential to the disposal of bilirubin (the chemical that results from the normal breakdown of hemoglobin from red ...
Gilchrist
Thomas C., U.S. physician, 1862–1927. See G. disease.
Gilford
Hastings, English physician, 1861–1941. See Hutchinson-G. disease, Hutchinson-G. syndrome.
Gilles de la Tourette
Georges, French physician, 1857–1904. See G. disease, G. syndrome, Tourette disease, Tourette syndrome.
Gillespie
Frank, U.S. ophthalmologist, *1927. See G. syndrome.
Gillette
Eugène P., French surgeon, 1836–1886. See G. suspensory ligament.
Gilliam
David Tod, U.S. gynecologist, 1844–1923. See G. operation.
Gillies
Sir Harold D., British plastic surgeon, 1882–1960. See G. operation, Filatov-G. flap.
Gillmore needle
See under needle.
Gilman
Alfred G., *1941, co-winner of the 1994 Nobel Prize for work related to G proteins, q.v.
Gilmer
Thomas L., U.S. oral surgeon, 1849–1931. See G. wiring.
Gimbernat
Antonio de, Spanish anatomist and surgeon, 1734–1816. See G. ligament.
Ginger
A perennial tropical herb that has been used as a treatment for nausea and bowel spasms. Ginger may lead to blood thinning. It is therefore best not taken with medications that ...
gingili oil
SYN: sesame oil.
gingiva
The dense fibrous tissue and overlying mucous membrane, which envelop the alveolar processes of the upper and lower jaws and surrounds the necks of the teeth. SYN: gum (2) . ...
gingival
Relating to the gums.
Gingival Index
An index of periodontal disease based upon the severity and location of the lesion.
Gingival-Periodontal Index
An index of gingivitis, gingival irritation, and advanced periodontal disease.
gingivectomy
Surgical resection of unsupported gingival tissue. SYN: gum resection. [gingiva + G. ektome, excision]
Gingivitis
Gum disease with inflammation of the gums. On inspection, the gums will appear red and puffy, and will usually bleed during tooth-brushing or dental examination. Treatment is by ...
Gingivitis, acute membranous
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
Gingivitis, acute necrotizing ulcerative (ANUG)
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
Gingivitis, fusospirillary
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
Gingivitis, fusospirochetal
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
Gingivitis, necrotizing
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
Gingivitis, phagedenic
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
Gingivitis, ulcerative
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
Gingivitis, Vincent
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the ...
gingivo-
The gingivae, the gums of the mouth. [L. gingiva]
gingivo-osseous
Referring to the gingiva and its underlying bone.
gingivoaxial
Pertaining to the line angle formed by the gingival and axial walls of a cavity.
gingivoglossitis
Inflammation of both the gingival tissues and tongue. SEE ALSO: stomatitis.
gingivolabial
Referring to the line angle formed by the junction of the gingival and labial walls of a (class III or IV) cavity.
gingivolinguoaxial
Referring to the point angle formed by the gingival, lingual, and axial walls of a cavity.
gingivoplasty
A surgical procedure that reshapes and recontours the gingival tissue in order to attain esthetic, physiologic, and functional form.
gingivosis
SYN: chronic desquamative gingivitis.
gingivostomatitis
Inflammation of the gingiva and other oral mucous membranes. [ gingivo- + G. stoma, mouth, + -itis, inflammation] - primary herpetic g. SYN: primary herpetic stomatitis.
Gingko biloba
An herb that is very popular as a treatment for dementia (a progressive brain dysfunction) and to improve thinking. Gingko can cause mild stomach upset and headache. Gingko seems ...
ginglyform
SYN: ginglymoid. [G. ginglymos, a hinge joint, + L. forma, form]
ginglymoarthrodial
Denoting a joint having the form of both ginglymus and arthrodia, or hinge joint and sliding joint.
ginglymoid
Relating to or resembling a hinge joint. SYN: ginglyform. [G. ginglymos, a hinge joint, + eidos, resembling]
ginglymus
SYN: hinge joint. [G. ginglymos] - helicoid g. SYN: pivot joint. - lateral g. SYN: pivot joint.
Ginkgo biloba
A tall ornamental deciduous tree of the family Ginkgoaceae with distinctive bilobed fan-shaped leaves; female trees bear edible seeds surrounded by a fleshy covering that when ...
Ginseng
An herb that has been used to stimulate the adrenal gland and thereby increase energy. It also may have some beneficial effect on reducing blood sugar in patients with diabetes ...
GIP
Abbreviation for gastric inhibitory polypeptide; gastric inhibitory peptide.
Girard
Alfred C., Swiss-born U.S. surgeon, 1841–1914. See G. reagent.
girdle
A belt; a zone. A structure that has the form of a belt or g.. SYN: cingulum (1) [TA]. [A.S. gyrdel] - Hitzig g. SYN: tabetic cuirass. - Neptune g. a wet pack applied around ...
Girdlestone
Gathorne Robert, British orthopedist, 1881–1950. See G. procedure.
gitalin
An extract of Digitalis purpurea containing a mixture of glycosides and aglycons, with action and uses similar to those of digitalis.
githagism
A disease similar to lathyrism, believed to be due to poisoning by seeds of the corn cockle, Lychnis githago. [L. gith, a plant, Roman coriander, + ago, to drive]
gitogenin
The genin of gitonin; a cardiotonic agent.
gitonin
A gitogenin tetraglycoside composed of two galactoses, one glucose, and one xylose; F-gitogenin has one galactose, two glucoses, and one xylose. Both are cardiotonic agents. ...
gitoxigenin
The aglycon of gitoxin.
gitoxin
A secondary cardiac glycoside from Digitalis purpurea and D. lanata. SYN: anhydrogitalin, bigitalin, pseudodigitoxin.
gitterzelle
SYN: gitter cell. [Ger. fr. Gitter, lattice, + Zelle, cell]
Gla
Abbreviation for 4-carboxyglutamic acid.
glabella
1. A smooth prominence, most marked in the male, on the frontal bone above the root of the nose. 2. The most forward projecting point of the forehead in the midline at the level ...
glabellad
Toward the glabella.
glabrous, glabrate
Smooth or hairless; denoting areas of the body where hair does not normally grow, i.e., palms or soles. [L. glaber, smooth]
gladiate
SYN: xiphoid. [L. gladius, a sword]
gladiolus
SYN: body of sternum. [L. dim. of gladius, a sword]
gland
An organized aggregation of cells functioning as a secretory or excretory organ. SYN: glandula (1) [TA]. [L. glans, acorn] - accessory g. a small mass of glandular structure, ...
Gland, adrenal
One of a pair of small glands, each of which sits on top of one of the kidneys. The adrenal is made up of an outer wall (the cortex) and an inner portion (the medulla). The ...
Gland, lacrimal
A small almond-shaped structure that produces tears; located just above the outer corner of the eye. The lacrimal gland is part of the lacrimal apparatus, the system that forms ...
Gland, mammary
One of the glands within the breast that secrete milk when prompted to do so by special hormones. Mammary glands are slightly tender to the touch, and may become more so during ...
Gland, pituitary
The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head and is called the master gland because it produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions ...
Gland, prostate
A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the bladder. Chestnut shaped, the prostate surrounds the beginning of the urethra, the canal that empties ...
Gland, salivary
One of the glands in the mouth that produce saliva. There are 3 major salivary glands. They are the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands. Each of these glands is ...
Gland, sudoriferous
The sudoriferous (sweat) glands are small tubular structures situated within and under the skin (in the subcutaneous tissue). They discharge sweat by tiny openings in the surface ...
Gland, sweat
The sweat (sudoriferous) glands are small tubular structures situated within and under the skin (in the subcutaneous tissue). They discharge sweat by tiny openings in the surface ...
Gland, thyroid
The thyroid gland is located in the lower part of the neck below the Adam's apple. It is wrapped around the windpipe (the trachea) and has the shape of a butterfly, since it is ...
glanders
A chronic debilitating disease of horses and other equids, as well as some members of the cat family, caused by Pseudomonas mallei and transmissible to humans. It attacks the ...
glandes
Plural of glans.
glandilemma
The capsule of a gland. [L. glandula, gland, + G. lemma, sheath]
Glands, meibomian
Little glands in the eyelids that make a lubricant which they discharge through their tiny openings in the edges of the lids. The lubricant is a fatty substance called sebum ...
Glands, palpebral
Little glands in the eyelids (the palpebrae) that make a lubricant which they discharge through their tiny openings in the edges of the lids. The lubricant is a fatty substance ...
Glands, tarsal
Little glands in the tarsus (part of the framework) of the eyelids that make a lubricant which they discharge through their tiny openings in the edges of the lids. The ...
glandula
1. [NA] SYN: gland. 2. SYN: glandule. [L. gland, dim. of glans, acorn] - glandulae areolares [TA] SYN: areolar glands, under gland. - g. atrabiliaris SYN: suprarenal ...
glandular
Relating to a gland. SYN: glandulous.
Glandular fever
Glandular fever is infectious mononucleosis. "Mono" and "kissing disease" are popular terms for this very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus ...
glandule
A small gland. SYN: glandula (2) [TA]. [L. glandula]
glandulous
SYN: glandular.
Glans
1) The glans penis, the rounded head of the penis. 2) The rounded head of the clitoris. * * * A conical acorn-shaped structure. [L. acorn] - g. clitoridis [TA] SYN: g. of ...
Glans and foreskin, inflammation of the
In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the rounded head of the penis) and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) usually occur together as ...
Glans penis, inflammation of the
Inflammation of the rounded head (the glans) of the penis is called balanitis. In the uncircumcised male, balanitis and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) usually occur ...
glanular
Pertaining to the glans penis. [irreg. fr. glans, by analogy with glandular]
Glanzmann
Eduard, Swiss clinician, 1887–1959. See G. disease, G. thrombasthenia.
glaphenine
An anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties.
glare
A sensation caused by brightness within the visual field that is sufficiently greater than the luminance to which the eyes are adapted; results in annoyance, discomfort, and ...
glarometer
An instrument that measures sensitivity to central glare from the headlights of an approaching vehicle.
Glaser, Glaserius
Johann H., Swiss anatomist, 1629–1675. See glaserian artery, glaserian fissure.
glaserian
Relating to or described by Johann H. Glaser.
Glasgow
William C., U.S. physician, 1845–1907. See G. sign.
Glasgow coma scale
See coma scale.
glass
A transparent substance composed of silica and oxides of various bases. [A.S. glaes] - cover g. a thin g. disk or plate covering an object examined under the microscope. SYN: ...
glasses
1. SYN: spectacles. 2. Lenses for correcting refractive errors in the eyes.
Glauber
Johann R., German chemist, 1604–1670. See G. salt.
glaucine
d-Form prevalent in nature. Found in Glaucium flavum, (G. luteum scop.), Papaveraceae and in Dicentra and Corydalis species, family Fumariceae. Antitussive agent. SYN: boldine ...
Glaucoma
An eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eyes rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the eye. Untreated, it may damage the optic nerve and other parts of the ...
Glaucoma detection
You may know of the "air puff" test or other tests used to measure eye pressure in an eye examination. But, this test alone cannot detect glaucoma. Glaucoma is found ...
Glaucoma treatment (laser)
A laser beam of light is focused on the part of the anterior chamber where the fluid leaves the eye. This results in a series of small changes, which makes it easier for fluid ...
Glaucoma treatment (medical)
Although glaucoma cannot be cured, it can usually be controlled. Medical treatment can be in the form of eyedrops or pills. Some drugs are designed to reduce pressure by slowing ...
Glaucoma treatment (surgery)
Surgery can also help fluid escape from the eye and thereby reduce the pressure. However, surgery is now usually reserved for patients whose pressure cannot be controlled with ...
Glaucoma, acute angle-closure
Increased pressure in the front chamber (anterior chamber) of the eye due to sudden (acute) blockage of the normal circulation of fluid within the eye. The block takes place at ...
Glaucoma, angle-closure
Increased pressure in the front chamber (anterior chamber) of the eye due to sudden (acute) or slowly progressive (chronic) blockage of the normal circulation of fluid within the ...
Glaucoma, risk factors
if you belong to a high-risk group for glaucoma, have your eyes examined through dilated pupils every 2 years by an eye care professional. High-risk groups include everyone with a ...
Glaucoma, symptoms of
At first, there are no symptoms. Vision stays normal, and there is no pain. However, as the disease progress, a person with glaucoma may notice the side vision gradually failing. ...
glaucomatocyclitic
Denoting increased intraocular pressure associated with evidences of cyclitis. SEE ALSO: g. crisis.
glaucomatous
Relating to glaucoma.
glaucosuria
Obsolete term for indicanuria. [G. glaukos, bluish green, + ouron, urine]
GLC
Abbreviation for gas-liquid chromatography.
Glc, GlcA, GlcN, GlcNAc, GlcUA
Symbols for the radicals of d-glucose, gluconic and glucuronic acid, glucosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, and glucuronic acid, respectively.
Gleason
Donald F., U.S. pathologist, *1920. See G. tumor grade, G. score.
gleet
Obsolete term for a chronic urethral discharge following gonorrhea. [M.E. glet, slime, fr. O.Fr. glette, fr. L. glittus, sticky]
Glenn
William W., *1914. See G. shunt.
Glenner
George B., U.S. pathologist and histologist, *1927. See G.- Lillie stain for pituitary.
glenohumeral
Relating to the glenoid cavity and the humerus.
glenoid
Resembling a socket; denoting the articular depression of the scapula entering into the formation of the shoulder joint. [G. glenoeides, fr. glene, pupil of eye, socket of ...
Glenoid labrum
A ring of fibrocartilage that runs around the cavity of the scapula (wingbone) in which the head of the humerus (the bone in the upper arm) fits. The labrum deepens this cavity ...
Gley
Marcel E., French physiologist, 1857–1930. See G. glands, under gland.
glia
SYN: neuroglia. [G. glue]
gliacyte
A neuroglia cell. See neuroglia. [G. glia, glue, + kytos, cell]
Gliadin
A protein found in wheat and some other grains, which is part of the wheat gluten. People with celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, and related conditions may be sensitive to ...
glial
Pertaining to glia or neuroglia.
Glial cell
A supportive cell in the central nervous system — the brain and spinal cord. Glial cells do not conduct electrical impulses (as opposed to neurons, which do). The glial cells ...
gliclazide
A sulfonylurea oral antidiabetic agent used for the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus. The drug releases endogenous insulin from beta cells of the islands of Langerhans ...
glide
A smooth, or effortless, continuous movement. - mandibular g. the side-to-side, protrusive, and intermediate movement of the mandible occurring when the teeth or other occluding ...
glidewire
A hydrophilic or lubricated guidewire, generally used in the urinary tract. SEE ALSO: guidewire.
glio-
Glue, gluelike (relating specifically to the neuroglia). [G. glia, glue]
glioblast
An early neural cell developing, like the neuroblast, from the early ependymal cell of the neural tube; gives rise to neuroglial and ependymal cells, astrocytes, and ...
glioblastoma multiforme
A glioma consisting chiefly of undifferentiated anaplastic cells of astrocytic origin that show marked nuclear pleomorphism, necrosis, and vascular endothelial proliferation; ...
glioblastosis cerebri
SYN: gliomatosis cerebri.
Glioma
: A brain tumor that begin in a glial, or supportive, cell, in the brain or spinal cord. Malignant gliomas are the most common primary tumors of the central nervous system (the ...
gliomatosis
Neoplastic growth of neuroglial cells in the brain or spinal cord; the term is used especially with reference to a relatively large neoplasm or to multiple foci. SYN: ...
gliomatous
Pertaining to or characterized by a glioma.
gliomyxoma
A myxoma that contains a considerable amount of proliferating glial cells and fibers.
glioneuroma
A ganglioneuroma derived from neurons, with numerous glial cells and fibers in the matrix.
gliosarcoma
A glioblastoma multiforme with an associated malignant mesenchymal component. Sometimes used as a term for a malignant neoplasm derived from connective tissue ( e.g., that ...
gliosis
Overgrowth of the astrocytes in an area of damage in the brain or spinal cord. - isomorphous g. a g. in which there is a regular and ordered arrangement of glial fibers. - ...
GLIP
Abbreviation for glucagonlike insulinotropic peptide.
glipizide
An oral sulfonylurea used in the treatment of type II diabetes.
Glisson
Francis, English physician, anatomist, physiologist and pathologist, 1597–1677. See G. capsule, G. cirrhosis, G. sphincter.
glissonitis
Inflammation of Glisson capsule, or the connective tissue surrounding the portal vein and the hepatic artery and bile ducts.
glitazones
Common name for antidiabetic drugs that act by diminishing peripheral insulin resistance through poorly understood alterations in fatty acid metabolism. SYN: thiazolidinediones. ...
Gln
Symbol for glutamine or its acyl radical, glutaminyl.
global
The complete, generalized, overall, or total aspect.
global warming
An overall increase in the world's temperatures; could present a risk of malaria epidemics in the highland areas of tropical Africa by driving malaria transmission uphill into ...
globe
SYN: globus. - g. of eye SYN: eyeball. - pale g. SYN: globus pallidus.
Globe, pale
Also called the globus pallidus, this is a pale-appearing spherical area in the brain. Globus is a Latin word meaning a globe or sphere. Pallidus refers to its pallor relative ...
globi
1. Plural of globus. 2. Brown bodies sometimes found in the granulomatous lesions of leprosy, in addition to the macrophages that contain the acid-fast bacilli; thought to be ...
globin
The protein of hemoglobin; α-g. and β-g. represent the two types of chains found in adult hemoglobin. SYN: hematohiston.
Globocephalus
A genus of hookworm ( subfamily Uncinariinae, family Ancylostomatidae) consisting of about five species, found chiefly in the small intestine of pigs. The species G. ...
globoside
A glycosphingolipid; specifically, a ceramide tetrasaccharide (tetraglycosylceramide), isolated from kidney and erythrocytes; accumulates in individuals with Sandhoff disease.
globotriaosylceramide
A sphingolipid containing three sugar moieties that accumulates in individuals with Fabry disease. SYN: trihexosylceramide.
globule
1. A small spherical body of any kind. 2. A fat droplet in milk. SYN: globulus. [L. globulus, dim. of globus, a ball] - dentin g. calcospherites formed by calcification or ...
globuliferous
Containing globules or corpuscles, especially red blood cells. [L. globulus, globule, + fero, to bear]
globulin
Name for a family of proteins precipitated from plasma (or serum) by half-saturation with ammonium sulfate ( i.e., addition of an equal volume of saturated ammonium sulfate). ...
globulinuria
The excretion of globulin in the urine, usually, if not always, in association with serum albumin.
globulus
SYN: globule. [L.]
Globus
A word straight from the Latin, meaning (not unexpectedly) a globe or sphere. The word "globus" is used in a number of different contexts in medicine. Globus hystericus, ...
Globus hystericus
The sensation of having a lump in the throat when there is nothing there. Sometimes simply called globus. Globus hystericus is a symptom of some physical disorders such as ...
Globus major
The globus major is the head of the epididymis, the structure just behind the testis. The globus minor is the lower end of the epididymis. Globus is a Latin word meaning ...
Globus minor
The globus minor is the tail of the epididymis, a cordlike structure just behind the testis. The globus major is the head of the epididymis. In terms of orientation, the ...
Globus pallidus
The globus pallidus is a pale-appearing spherical area in the brain. Globus is a Latin word meaning a globe or sphere. Pallidus refers to its pallor relative to the ...
glomal
Relating to or involving a glomus.
glomangioma
A variant of glomus tumor, characterized often by multiple tumors resembling cavernous hemangioma q.v., lined by glomus cells. SEE ALSO: glomus.
glomangiosis
The occurrence of multiple complexes of small vascular channels, each resembling a glomus. - pulmonary g. g. occurring within small pulmonary arteries in severe pulmonary ...
glome
SYN: glomus.
glomectomy
Excision of a glomus tumor. [L. glomus + G. ektome, cutting out]
glomera
Plural of glomus.
glomera aortica
paraaortic bodies, under body.

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