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Слова на букву hemi-inso (2629)

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hepatopulmonary
SYN: hepatopneumonic.
hepatorenal
Relating to the liver and the kidney. SYN: hepatonephric. [ hepato- + L. renalis, renal, fr. renes, kidneys]
hepatorrhagia
Hemorrhage into or from the liver. [ hepato- + G. rhegnymi, to burst forth]
hepatorrhaphy
Suture of a wound of the liver. [ hepato- + G. rhaphe, a suture]
hepatorrhexis
Rupture of the liver. [ hepato- + G. rhexis, rupture]
hepatoscopy
Examination of the liver. [ hepato- + G. skopeo, to examine]
hepatosplenitis
Inflammation of the liver and spleen.
hepatosplenography
The use of a contrast medium to outline or depict the liver and spleen radiographically. SYN: hepatolienography.
Hepatosplenomegaly
Enlargement of the liver and spleen. The word “hepatosplenomegaly” is compounded from Greek roots: “hepato-“ from “hepatikos” (of the liver) + “spleno” from ...
hepatosplenopathy
Disease of the liver and spleen.
hepatostomy
Establishment of a fissure into the liver. [ hepato- + G. stoma, mouth]
hepatotherapy
Rarely used term for: 1. Treatment of disease of the liver. 2. Therapeutic use of liver extract or of the raw substance of the liver.
hepatotomy
Incision into the liver. [ hepato- + G. tome, incision]
hepatotoxemia
Autointoxication assumed to be due to improper functioning of the liver. [ hepato- + G. toxikon, poison, + haima, blood]
Hepatotoxic
Injurious to the liver. For example, acetaminophen (TYLENOL) can be hepatotoxic. * * * Relating to an agent that damages the liver, or pertaining to any such action.
hepatotoxicity
The capacity of a drug, chemical, or other exposure to produce injury to the liver. Agents with recognized h. include carbon tetrachloride, alcohol, dantrolene sodium, valproic ...
hepatotoxin
A toxin that is destructive to parenchymal cells of the liver.
Hepatozoon
A genus of coccidian parasites (family Haemogregarinidae), in which schizogony occurs in the visceral organs, gametogony in the leukocytes or erythrocytes of vertebrate animals, ...
HEPES
A compound lacking in pharmacologic effects and widely used as a biological buffer in in vitro experiments.
hepta-
Prefix denoting seven. Cf.:septi-, sept-. [G. hepta]
heptachlor
A chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide for control of cotton boll weevil. It is a poison which may enter the body via skin contamination, inhalation or ingestion. Because of ...
heptad
A septivalent chemical element or radical.
heptanal
Obtained from the ricinoleic acid of castor oil by chemical means; used in the manufacture of ethyl oenanthate, a constituent of many artificial essences (flavors). SYN: ...
heptapeptide
A peptide containing seven amino acid s.
heptose
A sugar with seven carbon atoms in its molecule; e.g., sedoheptulose.
heptulose
SYN: ketoheptose.
HER2
Abbreviation for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. HER2 is expressed by, and involved in the growth of, some cancer cells. For example, a minority of breast cancers ...
Herbal remedy
A medication prepared from plants, including most of the world’s traditional remedies for disease. Most people think of herbal remedies as products sold over the counter as ...
Herbalism
The practice of making or prescribing herbal remedies for medical conditions. Practitioners of herbalism may be licensed MDs, naturopaths, or osteopaths. They may also be ...
Herbalist
One versed in herbal lore and, in regard to therapy, an herb doctor.
Herbert
H., English ophthalmic surgeon, 1865–1942.
Herbicide chemical 2,4-DCP
A poisonous chemical used to produce a herbicide. 2,4-DCP (short for 2,4-dichlorophenol) is employed in the manufacture of the herbicide 2,4-D (which is short for ...
herbivorous
Feeding on plants. [L. herba, herb, + voro, to devour]
herd
A group of people or animals in a given area. [O.E. heord]
hereditary
Transmissible from parent to offspring by information encoded in the parental germ cell. [L. hereditarius; fr. heres (hered-), an heir]
Hereditary amyloidosis
A familial (inherited) disorder in which protein deposits (amyloid) accumulate in one or more organ systems in the body. Hereditary amyloidosis is a relatively uncommon cause of ...
Hereditary angioedema
A genetic form of angioedema. (Angioedema is also referred to as Quinke’s disease.) Persons with it are born lacking an inhibitor protein (called C1 esterase inhibitor) ...
Hereditary angioneurotic edema
A genetic form of angioedema. (Angioedema is also referred to as Quinke’s disease.) Persons with it are born lacking an inhibitor protein (called C1 esterase inhibitor) ...
Hereditary atransferrinemia
A genetic disorder in which there is absence of transferrin, a plasma protein that transports iron through the blood. Atransferrinemia is characterized by anemia and ...
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
A genetic disease characterized by the presence of multiple direct connections between arteries and veins called arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The small AVMs close to the ...
Hereditary mutation
A heritable change in the DNA of a gene or chromosome in a cell destined to become an egg or a sperm or the zygote (the conceptus) at the single-cell stage. When transmitted to ...
Hereditary prostate cancer
A genetic form of prostate cancer. The risk of prostate cancer is clearly genetic. Men with a father or brother with prostate cancer are twice as likely to develop prostate cancer ...
Hereditary spastic paraplegia, autosomal dominant
A degenerative disorder of nerves with progressive spasticity of the legs. Abbreviated as AD-HSP. Spasticity is a state of increased muscle tone. Paraplegia refers to the legs ...
Hereditary spherocytosis (HS)
A genetic disorder of the red blood cell membrane clinically characterized by anemia, jaundice (yellowing) and splenomegaly (enlargement of the spleen). In HS the red cells are ...
heredity
1. The transmission of characters from parent to offspring by information encoded in the parental germ cells. 2. Genealogy. [L. hereditas, inheritance, fr. heres (hered-), heir]
heredo-
Heredity. [L. heres, an heir]
heredotaxia
SYN: Friedreich ataxia.
Herelle
Felix H. See d'H..
Herellea
A bacterial generic name which has been officially rejected because its type species, H. vaginicola, is a member of the genus Acinetobacter.
Hering
Heinrich Ewald, German physiologist, 1866–1948. See sinus nerve of H., H.- Breuer reflex, Traube-H. curves, under curve. Karl E.K., German physiologist, 1834–1918. See H. ...
heritability
1. In psychometrics, a statistical term used to denote the extent of variance of an individual's total score or response that is attributable to a presumed genetic component, ...
heritage
The total of all the inherited characters. [O. Fr.]
Herlitz
Gillis, Swedish pediatrician, *1902. See H. syndrome.
Herman
E., 20th century U.S. histologist. See Padykula-H. stain for myosin ATPase. See Padykula-H. stain for myosin ATPase.
Hermann
Friedrich, German anatomist, 1859–1920. See H. fixative.
Hermansky
Frantisek, 20th century Czech physician. See H.-Pudlak syndrome.
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS)
A genetic disorder characterized by albinism (with lack of pigment in the skin or eye), bruising and prolonged bleeding (due to defective blood platelets), and fibrosis of the ...
hermaphrodism
SYN: hermaphroditism.
hermaphrodite
A person with hermaphroditism. [G. Hermaphroditos, the son of Hermes, Mercury, + Aphrodite, Venus]
hermaphroditism
The presence in one individual of both ovarian and testicular tissue; i.e., true h.. SYN: hermaphrodism. - adrenal h. altered appearance of the genitalia due to disorders of ...
hermetic
Airtight; denoting a vessel closed or sealed in such a way that air can neither enter it nor issue from it.
Hernia
A general term referring to a protrusion of a tissue through the wall of the cavity in which it is normally contained. More specifically, a hernia often refers to an opening or ...
Hernia repair
Also called a herniorrhaphy, a surgical repair of a hernia. Hernia repair may be done under local or general anesthesia using a conventional incision or a laparoscope. The ...
Hernia, hiatus
Protrusion of the stomach up into the opening normally occupied by the esophagus in the diaphragm, the great dome of muscle that separates the thoracic (chest) cavity from the ...
hernial
Relating to hernia.
herniated
Denoting any structure protruded through a hernial opening.
Herniated disc
Rupturing of the tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal column. The center of the disc, which is called the nucleus, is soft, springy and receives the shock of ...
Herniation
Abnormal protrusion of tissue through an opening. For example, a intervertebral disk (one situated between the vertebral bodies) can protrude and impinge on a nerve root. * * ...
hernio-
A hernia. [L. hernia, rupture]
hernioenterotomy
Incision of the intestine following the reduction of a hernia.
herniography
Radiographic examination of a hernia following injection of a contrast medium into the hernial sac. [hernia + G. grapho, to write]
hernioid
Resembling hernia. [ hernio- + G. eidos, resemblance]
herniolaparotomy
Laparotomy for correction of hernia.
herniopuncture
Insertion of a hollow needle into a hernia in order to reduce the size of the tumor by withdrawing gas or liquid.
Herniorrhaphy
The surgical repair of a hernia. Herniorrhaphy may be done under local or general anesthesia using a conventional incision or a laparoscope. The term "herniorrhaphy" comes from ...
herniotome
SYN: hernia knife. - Cooper h. a slender bistoury with short cutting edge for dividing the constricting tissues at the neck of a hernial sac.
herniotomy
Surgical division of the constriction or strangulation of a hernia, often followed by herniorrhaphy. [ hernio- + G. tome, a cutting] - Petit h. h. without incision into the sac. ...
heroic
Denoting an aggressive, daring procedure in a dangerously ill patient which in itself may endanger the patient but which also has a possibility of being successful, whereas ...
Heroin
Semisynthetic drug derived from morphine. Discovered in 1874, it was introduced commercially in 1898 by the Bayer company in Germany. The name heroin was coined from the German ...
Heroin addiction
Physical addiction to heroin, often with concurrent use of other opiates when heroin itself is not available. Treatment is by withdrawal, either gradual or sudden. Medication ...
Herophilus
Greek physician and anatomist of the Alexandrian school, circa 300 B.C. See torcular herophili.
herpangina
A disease caused by types of Coxsackievirus and marked by vesiculopapular lesions about 1–2 mm in diameter that are present around the fauces and soon break down to form ...
Herpes
A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesviruses, especially herpes simplex types 1 and 2. Herpes simplex type 1, also known as human ...
Herpes simplex type 1
A herpes virus that causes cold sores and fever blisters in and around the mouth. Here is a depiction of a typical fever blister caused by herpes simplex 1: {{}}In rare cases, as ...
Herpes simplex type 2
A herpes virus that causes genital herpes, which is characterized by sores in the genital area. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). This virus, like herpes ...
Herpes zoster
Also called shingles, zona, and zoster. The culprit is the varicella-zoster virus. Primary infection with this virus causes chickenpox (varicella). At this time the virus ...
Herpes, febrile
A small sore situated on the face or in the mouth that causes pain, burning, or itching before bursting and crusting over. The favorite locations are on the lips (the labia), chin ...
Herpes, genital
A viral infection transmitted through intimate contact with the moist mucous linings of the genitals. This contact can involve the mouth, the vagina or the genital skin. The ...
Herpes, labial
A small sore situated on the face or in the mouth that causes pain, burning, or itching before bursting and crusting over. The favorite locations are on the lips (the labia), chin ...
Herpesviridae
A heterogeneous family of morphologically similar viruses, all of which contain double-stranded DNA and which infect man and a wide variety of other vertebrates. Infections ...
Herpesvirus
: One of a family of viruses that contain DNA and that cause infections in humans (human herpesviruses) or animals. Herpes viruses are common, and often live in the host’s ...
herpetic
1. Relating to or characterized by herpes. 2. Relating to or caused by a herpesvirus.
herpetiform
Resembling herpes.
Herpetiform virus
A virus with the characteristic shape and behavior of a virus in the herpes family. Not all members of the herpes virus family have been identified. Some herpetiform viruses may ...
herpetologist
One who specializes in herpetology.
herpetology
The branch of zoology concerned with the study of reptiles and amphibians.
Herpetomonas
A genus of asexual monogenetic flagellates (family Trypanosomatidae) that are strictly insect parasites, with a variety of body forms including promastigote (leptomad), ...
Herpetoviridae
Obsolete term for Herpesviridae.
herpetovirus
Obsolete name for a virus belonging to the family Herpesviridae. SEE ALSO: herpesvirus.
Herring
Percy T., English physiologist, 1872–1967. See H. bodies, under body.
Herrmann
C., Jr., 20th century. See H. syndrome.
Hers
G., French biochemist. See H. disease.
hersage
Separating the individual fibers of a nerve trunk. [Fr. (from L. hirpex, a large rake), a harrowing]
Hertwig
Wilhelm A.O., German embryologist, 1849–1922. See H. sheath. Richard, German zoologist, 1850–1937. See Magendie-H. sign, Magendie-H. syndrome.
Hertz
Heinrich R., German physicist, 1857–1894. See h., hertzian experiments, under experiment.
hertz
A unit of frequency equivalent to 1 cycle/sec; this term should not be used for radial (circular) frequency or for angular velocity, in which cases the term sec−1 should be ...
hertzian
Attributed to or described by Heinrich R. Hertz.
Herxheimer
Karl, German dermatologist, 1861–1944. See H. reaction, Jarisch-H. reaction.
herzstoss
Cardiac systole producing a diffuse precordial heave with or without any definite point of maximal impulse. [Ger. heart thrust]
Heschl
Richard L., Austrian pathologist, 1824–1881. See H. gyri, under gyrus.
hesitancy
An involuntary delay or inability in starting the urinary stream.
hesitant
Term used to descibe the state of RNA polymerase when it is susceptible to pause, arrest or termination signals. SEE ALSO: overdrive, antitermination.
hesperidin
A flavone diglycoside obtained from unripe citrus fruit, which reputedly possesses vitamin P activity. SYN: cirantin.
Hess
Carl von, German ophthalmologist, 1860–1923. See H. screen. Walter R., Swiss physiologist and Nobel laureate, 1881–1973. See trophotropic zone of H..
Hesselbach
Franz K., German anatomist and surgeon, 1759–1816. See H. fascia, H. hernia, H. ligament, H. triangle.
hetastarch
A carbohydrate starch derivative used as a cryoprotective agent for erythrocytes. Also used as an extender of blood plasma volume.
heter-
See hetero-.
heteradelphus
Unequal conjoined twins in which the smaller incomplete parasite is attached to the larger, more nearly normal autosite. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ heter- + G. adelphos, ...
heteralius
Unequal conjoined twins in which the parasite appears as little more than an excrescence on the autosite. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ heter- + G. halios, useless]
heteraxial
Having mutually perpendicular axes of unequal length.
heterecious
Having more than one host; said of a parasite passing different stages of its life cycle in different animals. SYN: metoxenous. [ heter- + G. oikion, home]
heterecism
The occurrence, in a parasite, of two cycles of development passed in two different hosts. SYN: metoxeny (1). [ heter- + G. oikion, home]
heteresthesia
A change occurring in the degree (either plus or minus) of the sensory response to a cutaneous stimulus as the latter crosses a certain line on the surface. [ heter- + G. ...
Hetero- (prefix)
Combining form from the Greek "heteros" meaning different. The opposite is homo- from the Greek "homos" meaning same. For example, heterogeneous and homogeneous, heterosexual ...
hetero-, heter-
The other, different; opposite of homo- [G. heteros, other]
heteroagglutinin
A form of hemagglutinin, one that agglutinates the red blood cells of species other than that in which the h. occurs. SEE ALSO: hemagglutinin.
heteroalleles
Genes that have undergone mutation at different nucleotide positions and therefore result from different mutational events. Cf.:eualleles.
heteroantibody
Antibody that is heterologous with respect to antigen, in contradistinction to isoantibody.
heteroantiserum
Antiserum developed in one animal species against antigens or cells of another species.
heteroatom
An atom, other than carbon, located in the ring structure of an organic compound, as the N in pyridines or pyrimidines (heterocyclic compounds).
heteroblastic
Developing from more than a single type of tissue. [hetero- + G. blastos, germ]
heterocellular
Formed of cells of different kinds.
heterocentric
1. Having different centers; said of rays that do not meet at a common focus. Cf.:homocentric. 2. SYN: allocentric. [hetero- + G. kentron, center]
heterocephalus
Conjoined twins with heads of unequal size. See conjoined twins, under twin. [hetero- + G. kephale, head]
heterocheiral, heterochiral
Relating to or referred to the other hand. [hetero- + G. cheir, hand]
heterochromatic
Characteristic of heterochromatin.
Heterochromatin
A genetically inactive part of the genome, heterochromatin was so named because it was chromosomal material (chromatin) that stained differently, more darkly, all through the ...
Heterochromatin, constituitive
Heterochromatin that is fixed and irreversible. Regions of constituitive heterochromatin are located at very specific spots in the genome (on chromosomes 1, 9, 16 and the Y ...
hexa-, hex-
Prefix denoting six. [G. hex]
hexacanth
The motile six-hooked first-stage larva of cyclophyllidean cestodes; it emerges from the egg and actively claws its way through the intermediate host's intestine prior to ...
hexachlorocyclohexane
SYN: gamma benzene hexachloride.
hexachlorophane
SYN: hexachlorophene.
hexachlorophene
An antibacterial; formerly widely used in soaps and detergents to inhibit bacterial growth; excessive use causes neurologic lesions; currently limited use. SYN: hexachlorophane. ...
hexacosanoic acid
Systemic name for cerotinic acid.
hexacosanol
See ceryl.
hexacosyl
SYN: ceryl.
hexad
A sexivalent element or radical.
Hexadactyly
The presence of an extra digit, a sixth finger or toe, which is a very common congenital malformation (birth defect). This condition is called hexadactyly. The word hexadactyly ...
hexadactyly, hexadactylism
The presence of six fingers or six toes on one or both hands or feet. [hexa- + G. daktylos, finger]
hexadecanoic acid
SYN: palmitic acid.
hexafluorenium bromide
A potentiator for succinylcholine in anesthesiology by producing a mild nondepolarizing neuromuscular blockade; also inhibits plasma cholinesterase.
hexamer
1. A group of six protein subunits that form a capsomere on the surface of an icosohedral virus. 2. A complex or compound containing six subunits or moieties ( e.g., a protein ...
hexameric
Containing six subunits or moieties.
hexametazime
A lipophilic substance that readily crosses the blood-brain barrier; combined with 99mTc to produce a radiopharmaceutical for SPECT imaging or cerebral blood flow estimates. ...
hexamidine isethionate
A topical antiseptic.
hexamine
SYN: methenamine.
hexane
A saturated hydrocarbon, C6H14, of the paraffin series (typically n-h., CH3—(CH2)4—CH3).
hexanoate
SYN: caproylate.
hexanoyl
SYN: caproyl.
hexapeptide
A peptide containing six amino acid residues.
hexaploidy
See polyploidy.
Hexapoda
SYN: Insecta. [hexa- + G. pous, foot]
Hexenmilch
The milk that commonly flows from the newborn baby's breast or can be expressed from it. This transient phenomenon is due to stimulation of the baby's breasts by the mother's ...
hexestrol
A synthetic meso-compound with estrogenic activity.
hexitol
The polyol (sugar alcohol) obtained on the reduction of a hexose ( e.g., d-sorbitol).
hexokinase
A phosphotransferase present in yeast, muscle, brain, and other tissues that catalyzes the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of d-glucose and other hexoses to form d-glucose ...
hexon
One of a group of six protein units ( hexamer unit) on the triangular face of an icosohedral capsomere on certain viruses. [hex- + -on]
hexonic acid
The aldonic acid obtained on the oxidation of the aldehyde group of an aldohexose to a carboxylic acid ( e.g., gluconic acid from glucose).
hexosamine
The amine derivative (NH2 replacing OH) of a hexose; e.g., glucosamine.
hexosaminidase
General term for enzymes cleaving N-acetylhexose ( e.g., N-acetylglucosamine) residues from gangliosidelike oligosaccharides. At least four specific enzymes carrying out this ...
Hexosaminidase A
Deficiency of this enzyme causes Tay-Sachs disease, a progressive, fatal neurologic disorder concentrated in people of European Jewish (Ashkenazi) descent.
Hexosaminidase A deficiency
Lack of an enzyme that causes Tay-Sachs disease. Hex-A deficiency results in failure to process a lipid (a fat) which accumulates and is deposited in the brain and other tissues, ...
hexosans
Polysaccharides with the general formula (C6H10O5)x that, on hydrolysis, yield hexoses; included are glucosans (glucans), mannans, galactans, and fructosans (fructans). SYN: ...
hexose
A monosaccharide containing six carbon atoms in the molecule (C6H12O6); d-glucose is the principal h. in nature.
hexose phosphatase
An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of a hexose phosphate to a hexose ( e.g., glucose-6-phosphatase).
hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
SYN: UDPglucose-hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase.
hexosebisphosphatase, hexosediphosphatase
SYN: fructose 1,6-bisphosphate.
hexosephosphate isomerase
SYN: glucose-phosphate isomerase.
hexulose
SYN: ketohexose.
hexuronic acid
The uronic acid of a hexose.
hexyl
The radical of hexane, CH3(CH2)4CH2—.
hexylresorcinol
A broad spectrum anthelmintic and antiseptic.
Hey
William, English surgeon, 1736–1819. See H. amputation, H. hernia, H. ligament.
Heyer
W.T., U.S. scientist, *1902. See H.-Pudenz valve.
Hf
Symbol for hafnium.
Hg
Symbol for the metallic element mercury. The abbreviation "mm Hg" means millimeters of mercury, the height of a column of mercury, as in a blood pressure reading. Mercury is ...
HGE
Abbreviation for human granulocytic ehrlichiosis.
HGF
Abbreviation for hyperglycemic-glycogenolytic factor.
HGH
Abbreviation for human growth hormone. See somatotropin.
HGPRT
Abbreviation for hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase.
HGSIL
Abbreviation for high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion.
HGV
Abbreviation for hepatitis G virus.
HHS
Acronym for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Also known as DHHS. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has two types of operating divisions: the ...
HHT
Abbreviation for the disease called hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and the gene that causes it, a genetic disease of blood vessels with dilatation (widening) of ...
HHV
Abbreviation for human herpesvirus.
HHV-1
Human herpesvirus 1. A herpes virus that causes cold sores and fever blisters in and around the mouth. Here is a depiction of a typical fever blister caused by HHV-1: {{}}In ...
HHV-2
Human herpesvirus 2, a virus that causes genital herpes, which is characterized by sores in the area of the genitalia. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). ...
HHV-4
Human herpesvirus 4. See Epstein-Barr virus.
HHV-5
Human herpesvirus 5. See cytomegalovirus.
HHV-8
Human herpesvirus 8, a herpesvirus that contributes to the development of Kaposi sarcoma, an otherwise rare form of cancer sometimes seen in AIDS patients, and to some B-cell ...
Hiatal
Pertaining to an hiatus, an opening. An hiatal hernia occurs when a part of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm at the opening where the esophagus normally passes ...
Hiatal hernia
An anatomical abnormality in which part of the stomach protrudes up through the diaphragm into the chest. Normally, the esophagus passes down through the chest, crosses the ...
Hiatus
An opening, as in the diaphragm. When there is an unusually wide opening in the diaphragm, there can be a hiatus (or hiatal) hernia. In Latin an hiatus is "an opening, gaping ...
Hiatus hernia
Protrusion of the stomach up into the opening normally occupied by the esophagus in the diaphragm, the great dome of muscle that separates the thoracic (chest) cavity from the ...
HIB immunization
This immunization is designed to prevent diseases caused by Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB), a bacteria responsible for a range of serious "invasive" diseases including ...
hibernation
A torpid condition in which certain animals pass the cold months. True hibernators, such as woodchucks, ground squirrels, dormice, and some others, have body temperatures reduced ...
Hibernation reaction
Depression that tends to occur (and recur) as the days grow shorter in the fall and winter. It is believed that affected persons react adversely to the decreasing amounts of light ...
hibernoma
A rare type of benign neoplasm in humans, consisting of brown fat that resembles the fat in certain hibernating animals; individual tumor cells contain multiple lipid droplets. ...
Hiccough
A hiccough is an extraordinary type of breathing movement involving a sudden intake of air (inspiration) due to an involuntary contraction of the diaphragm accompanied by closure ...
Hiccup
A hiccup is an extraordinary type of respiratory movement involving a sudden inspiration (intake of air) due to an involuntary contraction of the diaphragm accompanied by closure ...
hiccup, hiccough
A diaphragmatic spasm causing a sudden inhalation that is interrupted by a spasmodic closure of the glottis, producing a noise. SYN: singultus. - epidemic h. a persistent h. ...
Hickman
Robert o., 20th century U.S. pediatric surgeon. See H. catheter.
Hickman catheter
A thin long tube made of flexible silicone rubber that is surgically inserted into the vena cava, one of the main blood vessels leading to the heart. Depending on the therapy ...
Hicks
See Braxton H..
HIDA
Abbreviation for dimethyl iminodiacetic acid.
hidr-
See hidro-.
hidradenitis
Inflammation of the sweat glands. SYN: hydradenitis. [G. hidros, sweat, + aden, gland, + -itis, inflammation] - h. suppurativa chronic suppurative folliculitis of apocrine ...
Hidradenitis suppurativa
This is an illness characterized by multiple abscesses that form under the arm pits and in the groin area.
hidradenoma
A benign neoplasm derived from epithelial cells of sweat glands. SYN: hydradenoma. [G. hidros, sweat, + aden, gland, + -oma, tumor] - clear cell h. a tumor derived from eccrine ...
hidro-, hidr-
Sweat, sweat glands. Cf.:sudor-. [G. hidros]
hidroa
SYN: hydroa.
hidrocystoma
A cystic form of hidradenoma, usually apocrine. SYN: hydrocystoma (2), syringocystoma. [hidro- + G. kystis, bladder, + -oma, tumor] - apocrine h. SYN: sudoriferous cyst.
hidromeiosis
A decline in the rate of sweating during exposure to heat, especially that from warm baths. [hidro- + G. meiosis, a lessening]
hidropoiesis
The formation of sweat. [hidro- + G. poiesis, formation]
hidroschesis
Suppression of sweating. [hidro- + G. schesis, a checking]
hidrosis
The production and excretion of sweat. [G. hidros, sweat, + -osis, condition]
hidrotic
Relating to or causing hidrosis.
hierarchy
1. Any system of persons or things ranked one above the other. 2. In psychology and psychiatry, an organization of habits or concepts in which simpler components are combined to ...
hierophobia
Morbid fear of religious or sacred objects. [G. hieros, holy, + phobos, fear]
hierotherapy
Treatment of disease by prayer and religious practices. [G. hieros, holy, + therapeia, therapy]
Higashi
Ototaka. Japanese physician. See Chédiak-H. disease, Chédiak-Steinbrinck-H. anomaly, Chédiak-Steinbrinck-H. syndrome.
High altitude
Altitude sickness occurs at high altitude. So what is high altitude? Altitude is defined on the following scale: {{}}High altitude: 8,000 - 12,000 feet (2,438 - 3,658 meters); ...
Highmore
Nathaniel, British anatomist, 1613–1685. See antrum of H., H. body.
Higoumenakia sign
See under sign.
hila
Plural of hilum.
hilar
Pertaining to a hilum.
hilitis
Inflammation of the lining membrane of any hilus.
Hill
Archibald V., English biophysicist and Nobel laureate, 1886–1977. See H. equation, H. plot, initial heat. Austin Bradford, British medical statistician, 1897–1991. See H.'s ...
Hillis
David S., U.S. obstetrician-gynecologist, 1873–1942. See H.- Müller maneuver.
hillock
In anatomy, any small elevation or prominence. - axon h. the conical area of origin of the axon from the nerve cell body; it contains parallel arrays of microtubules and is devoid ...
Hilton
John, English surgeon, 1804–1878. See H. law, H. white line, H. method, H. sac.
hilum
1. The part of an organ where the nerves and vessels enter and leave. SYN: porta (1). 2. A depression or slit resembling the h. in the olivary nucleus of the brain. [L. a small ...
hilus
Former incorrect designation for hilum. [an Eng. variant of L. hilum]
himantosis
An unusually long uvula. [G. himas, strap, + -osis, condition]
hindbrain
SYN: rhombencephalon.
hindgut
1. The caudal or terminal part of the embryonic gut. 2. Descending and sigmoid colon, rectum and anal canal; some include entire large intestine. SYN: endgut.
hindwater
Colloquialism for amniotic fluid in utero behind the presenting part of the fetus.
hinge-bow
SYN: face-bow.
Hinman
Frank, Jr., U.S. urologist, *1915. See H. syndrome.
Hinton
William A., U.S. physician, 1883–1959. See H. test, Mueller-H. agar.
hip
1. The lateral prominence of the pelvis from the waist to the thigh. SYN: coxa (1) [TA]. 2. Head, neck, and greater and lesser trochanter of femur. It is this sense that is ...
Hip bursitis
A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between moving tissues of the body. There are two major bursae of the hip. Bursitis is ...
Hip dislocation, congenital
The abnormal formation of the hip joint in which the ball at the top of the thighbone (the femoral head) is not stable within the socket (the acetabulum). The ligaments of the ...
Hip fracture
Broken bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due to a fall or other kind of trauma involving direct impact to the hip bone which has been weakened by ...
Hip pointer
Sportstalk for an iliac crest contusion (a bruise of the upper edge of the ilium, one of the hip bones).
Hip replacement, total
Surgery in which the diseased ball and socket of the hip joint are completely removed and replaced with artificial materials. A metal ball with a stem (a prosthesis) is inserted ...
Hip, developmental dislocation of the (DDH)
The abnormal formation of the hip joint in which the ball at the top of the thighbone (the femoral head) is not stable within the socket (the acetabulum). The ligaments of the ...
hipberries
SYN: rose hips.
Hippel
Eugen von. See von H..
Hippelates
The eye gnats, a genus of flies in the family Chloropidae (fruit flies) that are attracted to the body secretions and fluids of animals and humans, particularly those in the eyes. ...
Hippobosca
A genus of pupiparous louse flies (family Hippoboscidae) related to the tsetse flies; they are ectoparasites on birds and mammals. [G. hippos, horse, + boskein, to feed]
hippocampal
Relating to the hippocampus.
Hippocampus
An area buried deep in the forebrain that helps regulate emotion and memory. * * * The complex, internally convoluted structure that forms the medial margin (“hem”) of the ...

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